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Protein lipid interaction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911326/localization-and-processing-of%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-amyloid-%C3%AE-protein-precursor-in%C3%A2-mitochondria-associated-membranes
#1
Dolores Del Prete, Jan M Suski, Bénédicte Oulès, Delphine Debayle, Anne Sophie Gay, Sandra Lacas-Gervais, Renaud Bussiere, Charlotte Bauer, Paolo Pinton, Patrizia Paterlini-Bréchot, Mariusz R Wieckowski, Frédéric Checler, Mounia Chami
Alteration of mitochondria-associated membranes (MAMs) has been proposed to contribute to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We studied herein the subcellular distribution, the processing, and the protein interactome of the amyloid-β protein precursor (AβPP) and its proteolytic products in MAMs. We reveal that AβPP and its catabolites are present in MAMs in cellular models overexpressing wild type AβPP or AβPP harboring the double Swedish or London familial AD mutations, and in brains of transgenic mice model of AD...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907857/membrane-effects-of-dihydropyrimidine-analogues-with-larvicidal-activity
#2
Mariela E Sánchez-Borzone, Maria E Mariani, Virginia Miguel, Raquel M Gleiser, Bharti Odhav, Katharigatta N Venugopala, Daniel A García
Two recently synthesized dihydropyrimidines (DHPMs) analogues have demonstrated larvicide and repellent activity against Anopheles arabiensis. DHPMs high lipophilicity suggests that these compounds may interact directly with the membrane and modify their biophysical properties. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the interaction of both compounds with artificial membranes. Changes on the properties of DPPC films were studied using Langmuir monolayers. The presence of DHPMs in the subphase modified the interfacial characteristics of DPPC compression isotherms, causing the expansion of the monolayer, inducing the disappearance of DPPC phase transition and increasing the molecular packing of the film...
November 24, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906600/role-of-polysaccharide-and-lipid-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-prion-protein-conversion
#3
Carol L Ladner-Keay, Marcia LeVatte, David S Wishart
Conversion of native cellular prion protein (PrP(c)) from an α-helical structure to a toxic and infectious β-sheet structure (PrP(Sc)) is a critical step in the development of prion disease. There are some indications that the formation of PrP(Sc) is preceded by a β-sheet rich PrP (PrP(β)) form which is non-infectious, but is an intermediate in the formation of infectious PrP(Sc). Furthermore the presence of lipid cofactors is thought to be critical in the formation of both intermediate-PrP(β) and lethal, infectious PrP(Sc)...
December 1, 2016: Prion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906555/ligand-biased-regulation-of-ptdins-3-4-5-p3-dependent-signal-transduction-in-gpcr-control-of-pituitary-hormone-release
#4
Joshua G Pemberton, John P Chang
Biased signaling describes the selective activation of signal transduction cascades by structurally-related ligands downstream of shared G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Although class I phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks) are important components of GPCR-controlled transduction networks, little is known regarding the potential for biased regulation of class I PI3K-dependent signaling. The full compliment of class I PI3K catalytic subunits (p110α, p110β, p110δ and p110γ) first appear in bony fishes and, despite being associated with distinct cellular functions, all class I PI3Ks produce the lipid second-messenger phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns(3,4,5)P3)...
December 1, 2016: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905555/the-complex-nature-of-calcium-cation-interactions-with-phospholipid-bilayers
#5
Adéla Melcrová, Sarka Pokorna, Saranya Pullanchery, Miriam Kohagen, Piotr Jurkiewicz, Martin Hof, Pavel Jungwirth, Paul S Cremer, Lukasz Cwiklik
Understanding interactions of calcium with lipid membranes at the molecular level is of great importance in light of their involvement in calcium signaling, association of proteins with cellular membranes, and membrane fusion. We quantify these interactions in detail by employing a combination of spectroscopic methods with atomistic molecular dynamics simulations. Namely, time-resolved fluorescent spectroscopy of lipid vesicles and vibrational sum frequency spectroscopy of lipid monolayers are used to characterize local binding sites of calcium in zwitterionic and anionic model lipid assemblies, while dynamic light scattering and zeta potential measurements are employed for macroscopic characterization of lipid vesicles in calcium-containing environments...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904922/impacts-of-sediment-organic-matter-content-and-ph-on-ecotoxicity-of-coexposure-of-tio2-nanoparticles-and-cadmium-to-freshwater-snails-bellamya-aeruginosa
#6
Taowu Ma, Meng Wang, Shuangjiao Gong, Bin Tian
The environmental factors are expected to affect the ecotoxicity of heavy metals in the presence of engineered nanoparticles (NPs) in aquatic ecosystems. However, in sediment scenario, little is known regarding their impacts on the ecotoxicity of co-exposure of sediment-associated heavy metals and NPs. This study evaluated the impacts of different levels of organic matter (OM) (4.8-11.6%) and pH (6-9) on the ecotoxicological effects of co-exposure of sediment-associated titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2-NPs) and cadmium (Cd) to a freshwater gastropod Bellamya aeruginosa...
November 30, 2016: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904396/moisture-sensitivity-optical-mechanical-and-structural-properties-of-whey-protein-based-edible-films-incorporated-with-rapeseed-oil
#7
Sabina Galus, Justyna Kadzińska
The objective of this work is to study the effect of the rapeseed oil content on the physical properties of whey protein emulsion films. For this purpose, whey protein films with the addition of 0, 1, 2 and 3% of rapeseed oil, and glycerol as a plasticizer were obtained by the casting method. Film-forming emulsions were evaluated and compared using light scattering granulometry. The Sauter mean diameters (d32) of lipid droplets in film-forming solutions showed an increasing trend when increasing the oil volume fractions...
March 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898923/growth-and-development-symposium-adenosine-monophosphate-activated-protein-kinase-and-mitochondria-in-rendement-napole-pig-growth
#8
T L Scheffler, D E Gerrard
The Rendement Napole mutation (RN-), which is well known to influence pork quality, also has a profound impact on metabolic characteristics of muscle. Pigs with RN- possess a SNP in the γ3 subunit of adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK); AMPK, a key energy sensor in skeletal muscle, modulates energy producing and energy consuming pathways to maintain cellular homeostasis. Importantly, AMPK regulates not only acute response to energy stress but also facilitates long-term adaptation via changes in gene and protein expression...
September 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897972/mechanism-of-allosteric-regulation-of-%C3%AE-2-adrenergic-receptor-by-cholesterol
#9
Moutusi Manna, Miia Niemelä, Joona Tynkkynen, Matti Javanainen, Waldemar Kulig, Daniel J Müller, Tomasz Rog, Ilpo Vattulainen
There is evidence that lipids can be allosteric regulators of membrane protein structure and activation. However, there are no data showing how exactly the regulation emerges from specific lipid-protein interactions. Here we show in atomistic detail how the human β2-adrenergic receptor (β2AR) - a prototypical G protein-coupled receptor - is modulated by cholesterol in an allosteric fashion. Extensive atomistic simulations show that cholesterol regulates β2AR by limiting its conformational variability. The mechanism of action is based on the binding of cholesterol at specific high-affinity sites located near the transmembrane helices 5-7 of the receptor...
November 29, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895226/the-plastoglobule-localized-metallopeptidase-pgm48-is-a-positive-regulator-of-senescence-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#10
Nazmul H Bhuiyan, Giulia Friso, Elden Rowland, Kristina Majsec, Klaas Jan van Wijk
Plastoglobuli (PG) are thylakoid-associated monolayer lipid particles with a specific proteome of ~30 PG core proteins and isoprenoid- and neutral lipids. During senescence, PG increase in size, reflecting their role in dismantling thylakoid membranes. Here we show that the only PG-localized peptidase, PGM48, positively regulates leaf senescence. We discovered that PGM48 is a member of the M48 peptidase family with PGM48 homologs, forming a clade (M48D) only found in photosynthetic organisms. Unlike the M48A, B, and C clades, members of M48D have no transmembrane domains, consistent with their unique subcellular location in the PG...
November 28, 2016: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890045/protein-in-culture-and-endogenous-lipid-interact-with-embryonic-stages-in-vitro-to-alter-calf-birthweight-after-embryo-vitrification-and-warming
#11
E Gómez, S Carrocera, S Uzbekova, D Martín, A Murillo, M Alonso-Guervós, F Goyache, M Muñoz
Short-term protein removal in vitro improves long-term blastocyst competence to survive vitrification. We investigated the mechanisms and effects underlying protein removal. Day-6 morulae and early blastocysts were cultured individually with and without protein for 24h. Development and lipid content were analysed in expanded blastocysts derived from morulae (M-XB) and from early blastocysts (EB-XB). Expression of genes involved in lipid metabolism, stress responses and apoptosis was analysed in fresh and vitrified-warmed M-XB produced with and without protein...
November 28, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888001/antioxidants-and-hne-in-redox-homeostasis
#12
REVIEW
Wojciech Łuczaj, Agnieszka Gęgotek, Elżbieta Skrzydlewska
Under physiological conditions, cells are in a stable state known as redox homeostasis, which is maintained by the balance between continuous ROS/RNS generation and several mechanisms involved in antioxidant activity. ROS overproduction results in alterations in the redox homeostasis that promote oxidative damage to major components of the cell, including the biomembrane phospholipids. Lipid peroxidation subsequently generates a diverse set of products, including α,β-unsaturated aldehydes. Of these products, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is the most studied aldehyde on the basis of its involvement in cellular physiology and pathology...
November 22, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884807/helix-helix-interactions-in-membrane-domains-of-bitopic-proteins-specificity-and-role-of-lipid-environment
#13
REVIEW
Eduard V Bocharov, Konstantin S Mineev, Konstantin V Pavlov, Sergey A Akimov, Andrey S Kuznetsov, Roman G Efremov, Alexander S Arseniev
Interaction between transmembrane helices often determines biological activity of membrane proteins. Bitopic proteins, a broad subclass of membrane proteins, form dimers containing two membrane-spanning helices. Some aspects of their structure-function relationship cannot be fully understood without considering the protein-lipid interaction, which can determine the protein conformational ensemble. Experimental and computer modeling data concerning transmembrane parts of bitopic proteins are reviewed in the present paper...
November 22, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884787/loss-of-cbl-pi3k-interaction-modulates-the-periosteal-response-to-fracture-by-enhancing-osteogenic-commitment-and-differentiation
#14
Vanessa Scanlon, Bhavita Walia, Jungeun Yu, Marc Hansen, Hicham Drissi, Peter Maye, Archana Sanjay
The periosteum contains multipotent skeletal progenitors that contribute to bone repair. The signaling pathways regulating the response of periosteal cells to fracture are largely unknown. Phosphatidylinositol-3 Kinase (PI3K), a prominent lipid kinase, is a major signaling protein downstream of several factors that regulate osteoblast differentiation. Cbl is an E3 ubiquitin ligase and a major adaptor protein that binds to the p85 regulatory subunit and modulates PI3K activity. Substitution of tyrosine 737 to phenylalanine (Y737F) in Cbl abolishes the interaction between Cbl and p85 subunit without affecting the Cbl's ubiquitin ligase function...
November 22, 2016: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884779/gene-targeted-next-generation-sequencing-identifies-pnpla1-mutations-in-patients-with-a-phenotypic-spectrum-of-autosomal-recessive-congenital-ichthyosis-the-impact-of-consanguinity
#15
Hassan Vahidnezhad, Leila Youssefian, Amir Hossein Saeidian, Sirous Zeinali, Parvin Mansouri, Soheila Sotoudeh, Mohammadreza Barzegar, Javad Mohammadi-Asl, Razieh Karamzadeh, Maryam Abiri, Kevin McCormick, Paolo Fortina, Jouni Uitto
Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI) is a heterogeneous group of disorders associated with mutations in at least nine distinct genes. To ascertain the molecular basis of ichthyosis patients in Iran, a country of ∼80 million people with high prevalence of customary consanguineous marriages, we have developed a gene targeted next generation sequencing array consisting of 38 genes reported in association with ichthyosis phenotypes. In a subset of nine extended consanguineous families we found homozygous missense mutations in the PNPLA1 gene, six of them being distinct and previously unpublished...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883130/nanobubbles-cavitation-shock-waves-and-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Upendra Adhikari, Ardeshir Goliaei, Max L Berkowitz
Collapse of bubbles, microscopic or nanoscopic, due to their interaction with the impinging pressure wave produces a jet of particles moving in the direction of the wave. If there is a surface nearby, the high-speed jet particles hit it, and as a result damage to the surface is produced. This cavitation effect is well known and intensely studied in case of microscopic sized bubbles. It can be quite damaging to materials, including biological tissues, but it can also be beneficial when controlled, like in case of sonoporation of biological membranes for the purpose of drug delivery...
November 24, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881660/the-norovirus-ns3-protein-is-a-dynamic-lipid-and-microtubule-associated-protein-involved-in-viral-rna-replication
#17
Ben Cotton, Jennifer L Hyde, Soroush T Sarvestani, Stanislav V Sosnovtsev, Kim Y Green, Peter A White, Jason M Mackenzie
: Norovirus (NoV) infections are a significant health burden to society yet the lack of reliable tissue culture systems has hampered the development of appropriate antiviral therapies. Here we show that the NoV NS3 protein, derived from murine NoV (MNV), is intimately associated with the MNV replication complex and the viral replication intermediate dsRNA. We have observed that when expressed individually MNV NS3 and NS3 encoded by human Norwalk virus (NV) induced the formation of distinct vesicle-like structures that did not co-localise with any particular protein markers to cellular organelles, but localised to cellular membranes, in particular those high in cholesterol content...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879337/interactions-between-melanin-enzymes-and-their-atypical-recruitment-to-the-secretory-pathway-by-palmitoylation
#18
Srijana Upadhyay, Xinping Xu, Xiaorong Lin
: Melanins are biopolymers that confer coloration and protection to the host organism against biotic or abiotic insults. The level of protection offered by melanin depends on its biosynthesis and its subcellular localization. Previously, we discovered that Aspergillus fumigatus compartmentalizes melanization in endosomes by recruiting all melanin enzymes to the secretory pathway. Surprisingly, although two laccases involved in the late steps of melanization are conventional secretory proteins, the four enzymes involved in the early steps of melanization lack a signal peptide or a transmembrane domain and are thus considered "atypical" secretory proteins...
November 22, 2016: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879020/membrane-protein-insertase-yidc-in-bacteria-and-archaea
#19
REVIEW
Andreas Kuhn, Dorothee Kiefer
The insertion of proteins into the prokaryotic plasma membrane is catalyzed by translocases and insertases. On one hand, the Sec translocase operates as a transmembrane channel that can open laterally to first bind and then release the hydrophobic segments of a protein into the lipid bilayer. On the other hand, YidC insertases interact with their substrates in a groove-like structure at an amphiphilic protein-lipid interface thus allowing the transmembrane segments of the substrate to slide into the lipid bilayer...
November 23, 2016: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27877914/interaction-of-poly-ethylene-glycol-conjugated-phospholipids-with-supported-lipid-membranes-and-their-influence-on-protein-adsorption
#20
Toshihiro Yamamoto, Yuji Teramura, Toru Itagaki, Yusuke Arima, Hiroo Iwata
We studied real-time interaction between poly(ethylene glycol)-conjugated phospholipids (PEG-lipids) and a supported lipid membrane by surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy to understand dynamic behaviors of PEG-lipids on living cell membranes. Supported lipid membranes formed on a hydrophobic surface were employed as a model of living cell membrane. We prepared three kinds of PEG-lipids that carried alkyl chains of different lengths for SPR measurements and also performed fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) to study the influence of acyl chain length on dynamics on the supported membrane...
2016: Science and Technology of Advanced Materials
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