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Body mass index, Dietary energy density, Eating frequency, Nutrient density, Time of energy intake

Ghadeer S Aljuraiban, Queenie Chan, Linda M Oude Griep, Ian J Brown, Martha L Daviglus, Jeremiah Stamler, Linda Van Horn, Paul Elliott, Gary S Frost
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence is sparse on the effect of dietary behaviors and diet quality on body mass index (BMI; calculated as kg/m(2)), which can be important drivers of the obesity epidemic. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationships of frequency of eating and time of intake to energy density, nutrient quality, and BMI using data from the International Study on Macro/Micronutrients and Blood Pressure including 2,696 men and women aged 40 to 59 years from the United States and the United Kingdom...
April 2015: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Mohammad Shahnazari, Carol Ceresa, Sharon Foley, Angela Fong, Elena Zidaru, Sandra Moody
Diet plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of major chronic diseases common in populations of US veterans. The role of nutrition-focused wellness coaching in improving dietary behavior and/or reducing weight in overweight and obese US veterans is not known. At the San Francisco Veterans Affairs Medical Center, US veterans aged 25 to 80 years were randomized to receive nutrition coaching on eating behaviors at baseline only (control group, n=22) or an additional eight times over the course of 6 months (intervention group, n=28) in 2010-2011...
July 2013: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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