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anti rnp

Lizna M Ali, Tahir A Rizvi, Farah Mustafa
Retroviruses belong to the family Retroviridae and are ribonucleoprotein (RNP) particles that contain a dimeric RNA genome. Retroviral particle assembly is a complex process, and how the virus is able to recognize and specifically capture the genomic RNA (gRNA) among millions of other cellular and spliced retroviral RNAs has been the subject of extensive investigation over the last two decades. The specificity towards RNA packaging requires higher order interactions of the retroviral gRNA with the structural Gag proteins...
October 11, 2016: Viruses
Wildéa Lice de Carvalho Jennings Pereira, Edna Maria Vissoci Reiche, Ana Paula Kallaur, Sayonara Rangel Oliveira, Andréa Name Colado Simão, Marcell Alysson Batisti Lozovoy, Lucas José Vaz Schiavão, Paula Raquel do Vale Pascoal Rodrigues, Daniela Frizon Alfieri, Tamires Flauzino, Damacio Ramón Kaimen-Maciel
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the frequency of autoimmune disorders and autoantibodies in 22 patients with neuromyelitis optica (NMO), as well as whether the seropositivity for autoantibodies differs between anti-aquaporin 4 (AQP4) positive and AQP4 negative NMO patients. METHODS: Demographic, medical records, and a profile of autoantibodies were evaluated in 22 NMO patients, including AQP4, anti-thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor, antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-thyroperoxidase (anti-TPO), anti-thyroglobulin (anti-Tg), anti-double-stranded DNA, anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic, anti-cyclic citrullinate peptide, rheumatoid factor, anti-SSA/Ro, anti-SSB/La, anti-Smith antibodies (anti-Sm), anti-ribonucleoprotein, anti-nucleosome, and anti-Scl70...
October 3, 2016: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
M N Drehmer, D Andrade, I A Pereira, A R Marrero, Y C N Muniz, I R de Souza, S E Löfgren
BACKGROUND: Estrogens have a modulatory effect on several immune responses, many of which are correlated to autoimmune diseases. Estrogens act through binding to their receptors, and an overexpression of these receptors has been identified in patients with different autoimmune diseases. Here we analyzed the association of a putative functional genetic variant in the main estrogen receptor (ERα) gene (ESR1), and the susceptibility to clinical findings and severity of SLE. METHODS: A total of 426 individuals (266 healthy controls and 160 SLE patients) were genotyped for the polymorphism rs2234693 in the ESR1 gene...
September 27, 2016: Lupus
Tohru Hasegawa, Wataru Ukai
At present, we have no reliable means of recovering cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. We hypothesized that homocysteic acid (HA) in the blood might represent one such pathogen that could be excreted into the urine. Since DHA is known to reduce circulating levels of homocysteine, and since exercise attenuates this effect, it follows that supplementation of the diet with DHA, along with increased levels of physical activity, may help to reduce cognitive impairment in AD patients. Our hypothesis was proven to be correct because memory problems in 3xTg- AD mice (a model for AD in which animals develop amyloid pathology), and in a mouse model of familial AD, were recovered following treatment with an anti-HA antibody and not by amyloid treatment...
September 14, 2016: Aging
Amandine Tubery, Françoise Fortenfant, Bernard Combe, Isabelle Abreu, Xavier Bossuyt, Pascale Chretien, Sophie Desplat-Jégo, Nicole Fabien, Sophie Hue, Catherine Johanet, Daniela Lakomy, Thierry Vincent, Claire I Daïen
We report here the case of a 50-years-old man treated for mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) positive for anti-U1 ribonucleoprotein (U1RNP) antibodies who secondarily developed a granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) associated with anti-proteinase 3 anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (PR3-ANCA). We then evaluated the frequency of the association between anti-U1RNP and anti-PR3-ANCA antibodies by a systematic retrospective study in ten European hospitals. Overall, out of 11,921 samples analyzed for both auto-antibodies, 18 cases of anti-U1RNP and anti-PR3-ANCA double positivity were found and only one patient presented with both MCTD and GPA symptoms...
September 12, 2016: Immunologic Research
Chen Chen, Sun Xiaobo, Wang Yuge, Shu Yaqing, Fang Ling, Peng Lisheng, Lu Zhengqi, Qiu Wei
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and autoantibodies. METHODS: Blood samples of 108 NMOSD patients and 38 controls were collected from January 2012 to August 2014. Immunological parameters, including anti-aquaporin 4, antinuclear, anti-ribonucleoprotein, anti-SM, anti-SSA/Ro, anti-SSB/La and anti-ribosomal P-protein autoantibodies were examined. RESULTS: The NMOSD group exhibited a significantly higher percentage of anti-aquaporin 4 antibodies compared with the control group (76...
September 8, 2016: Neuroimmunomodulation
Akira Naomi, Yoshinori Oyamatsu, Kunio Narita, Masato Nakayama, Shoki Maeda
A 46-year-old female visited a hospital due to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and then her chest computed tomography revealed an abnormal shadow in the upper mediastinum. Four months later,she complained muscle weakness with her limbs, dysphagia, and ptosis of her eyelids. Total thymectomy was performed through a median sternotomy for mass lesion, which was pathologically proven to be type B1 thymoma. Postoperative myasthenia gravis (MG) crisis, which led to respiratory failure requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation, developed and laboratory tests showed elevated serum anti-AChR Ab(130 nmol/l), antinuclear antibody( ×640 serum dilution, speckled pattern) and anti-RNP Ab(129...
September 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Annelies Stevaert, Lieve Naesens
Influenza viruses cause seasonal epidemics and pandemic outbreaks associated with significant morbidity and mortality, and a huge cost. Since resistance to the existing anti-influenza drugs is rising, innovative inhibitors with a different mode of action are urgently needed. The influenza polymerase complex is widely recognized as a key drug target, given its critical role in virus replication and high degree of conservation among influenza A (of human or zoonotic origin) and B viruses. We here review the major progress that has been made in recent years in unravelling the structure and functions of this protein complex, enabling structure-aided drug design toward the core regions of the PA endonuclease, PB1 polymerase, or cap-binding PB2 subunit...
August 29, 2016: Medicinal Research Reviews
Yejin Jang, Hye Won Lee, Jin Soo Shin, Yun Young Go, Chonsaeng Kim, Daeho Shin, Yashwardhan Malpani, Soo Bong Han, Young-Sik Jung, Meehyein Kim
The spiro compound 5,6-dimethyl-3H,3'H-spiro(benzofuran-2,1'-isobenzofuran)-3,3'-dione (KR-23502) has antiviral activity against influenza A and more potently B viruses. The aim of this study is to elucidate its mechanism of action. Subcellular localization and time-course expression of influenza B viral proteins, nucleoprotein (NP) and matrix protein 1 (M1), showed that KR-23502 reduced their amounts within 5 h post-infection. Early steps of virus life cycle, including virus entry, nuclear localization of NP and viral RNA-dependent RNA replication, were not affected by KR-23502...
October 2016: Antiviral Research
Olivier Benveniste, Werner Stenzel, Yves Allenbach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Inflammatory myopathies are rare diseases. Their diagnosis criteria are historically based on their clinical phenotype (topography of the muscle weakness, presence of skin lesions and/or of extra-skin/muscle signs) and the presence of inflammatory infiltrates on muscle biopsy. However, the recent discovery of different myositis-specific antibodies (MSA) or myositis-associated antibodies (MAA) permitted to revisit these old classifications. This review covers recent findings in clinical and pathological phenotypes regarding prognosis, associated cancer and response to the treatment based on MSA/MAA categorization...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Neurology
Fumi Miyagawa, Yutaka Tagaya, Keiko Ozato, Hideo Asada
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypic systemic autoimmune disease characterized by the production of autoantibodies against nuclear components. Recent genetic studies of SLE patients have revealed that IFN regulatory factor (IRF) 7 gene polymorphisms are associated with an increased risk of SLE, but the precise role of IRF7 in SLE development is not fully understood. We investigated the role of IRF7 in the pathogenesis of SLE using a mouse model and saw a curious dissociation of autoantibody production and development of glomerulonephritis...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Rebecca Surtees, Stuart D Dowall, Amelia Shaw, Stuart Armstrong, Roger Hewson, Miles W Carroll, Jamel Mankouri, Thomas A Edwards, Julian A Hiscox, John N Barr
UNLABELLED: The Nairovirus genus of the Bunyaviridae family contains serious human and animal pathogens classified within multiple serogroups and species. Of these serogroups, the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) serogroup comprises sole members CCHFV and Hazara virus (HAZV). CCHFV is an emerging zoonotic virus that causes often-fatal hemorrhagic fever in infected humans for which preventative or therapeutic strategies are not available. In contrast, HAZV is nonpathogenic to humans and thus represents an excellent model to study aspects of CCHFV biology under conditions of more-accessible biological containment...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Virology
Lekh N Dahal, Neil Basu, Hazem Youssef, Rahul C Khanolkar, Robert N Barker, Lars P Erwig, Frank J Ward
BACKGROUND: The inhibitory CTLA-4 molecule is a crucial regulator of immune responses and a target for therapeutic intervention in both autoimmunity and cancer. In particular, CTLA-4 is important in controlling antigen-specific immunity, including responses to autoantigens associated with autoimmune disease. Here, we investigate cytokine responses to a range of lupus-associated autoantigens and assess whether the alternatively spliced isoform of CTLA-4, soluble CTLA-4 (sCTLA-4), contributes to immune regulation of autoantigen-specific immunity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)...
2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Fabrizio Conti, Fulvia Ceccarelli, Giancarlo Iaiani, Carlo Perricone, Alessandra Giordano, Luigino Amori, Francesca Miranda, Laura Massaro, Viviana Antonella Pacucci, Simona Truglia, Gabriella Girelli, Azis Fakeri, Gloria Taliani, Chiara Temperoni, Francesca Romana Spinelli, Cristiano Alessandri, Guido Valesini
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is a commensal bacterium representing one of the most important components of the skin microbiome, mostly isolated in the anterior nares. A higher rate of SA nasal colonization in patients affected by Wegener's granulomatosis and rheumatoid arthritis compared with healthy subjects (HS) has been described. No studies focusing on systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are available. We aimed at analyzing the prevalence of SA nasal carriers in an SLE cohort and evaluating correlation between nasal colonization and clinical, laboratory and therapeutic features...
2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
N Patsinakidis, T Gambichler, N Lahner, K Moellenhoff, A Kreuter
BACKGROUND: Lupus erythematosus (LE) is an autoimmune disease characterized by a heterogeneous spectrum of skin manifestations and organ affection, and is frequently associated with serum autoantibodies, which mostly remain positive through the course of the disease. The classification of LE is still a controversial topic. OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence and long-term course of autoantibodies in patients with cutaneous LE (CLE) and/or systemic LE (SLE) treated in the outpatient clinic for connective tissue diseases of the department of Dermatology in Bochum, Germany...
July 19, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Li Zhang, Jiling Feng, Siyuan Kong, Man Wu, Zhichao Xi, Baojun Zhang, Wenwei Fu, Yuanzhi Lao, Hongsheng Tan, Hongxi Xu
Cervical cancer is among the most frequently diagnosed cancers in females worldwide. Nujiangexathone A (NJXA), a novel compound from Garcinia nujiangensis, has been shown to have anti-cancer potential. In this study, the anti-tumor effects and the underlying mechanisms of NJXA action were investigated. Our results suggested that NJXA induced G0/G1 cell cycle arrest in HeLa and SiHa cells by down-regulating cyclins B1, E1, and A and cyclin-dependent kinases 2, 4 and 6, while selectively restoring p27. Using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis, we showed that NJXA reduced the expression of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K (hnRNPK) by accelerating ubiquitin-proteasome-dependent hnRNPK degradation, which then induced cell cycle arrest through the c-Myc-cyclin/Cdk-Rb-E2F1 pathway...
October 1, 2016: Cancer Letters
Ragnar Gunnarsson, Siri Opsahl Hetlevik, Vibke Lilleby, Øyvind Molberg
The concept of mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) as a separate connective tissue disease (CTD) has persisted for more than four decades. High titers of antibodies targeting the U1 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle (U1 snRNP) in peripheral blood are a sine qua non for the diagnosis of MCTD, in addition to distinct clinical features including Raynaud's phenomenon (RP), "puffy hands," arthritis, myositis, pleuritis, pericarditis, interstitial lung disease (ILD), and pulmonary hypertension (PH). Recently, population-based epidemiology data from Norway estimated the point prevalence of adult-onset MCTD to be 3...
February 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
Shirley R R Utiyama, Katiane B Zenatti, Heloisa A J Nóbrega, Juliana Z C Soares, Thelma L Skare, Caroline Matsubara, Dominique A Muzzilo, Renato M Nisihara
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune liver diseases (ALDs) are known to be associated with systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARDs) and their autoantibodies. We aimed to study the prevalence of SARDs and related autoantibodies, as well as their prognostic implications in a group of patients with ALDs. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Sixty patients with ALDs (38.3% with autoimmune hepatitis; 11.7% with primary biliary cirrhosis; 25% with primary sclerosing cholangitis and 25% with overlap syndrome) were studied for the presence of SARDs and their autoantibodies...
August 2016: Immunological Investigations
Joshua N Douglas, Lidia A Gardner, Hannah E Salapa, Stephen J Lalor, Sangmin Lee, Benjamin M Segal, Paul E Sawchenko, Michael C Levin
BACKGROUND: Neurodegeneration is believed to be the primary cause of permanent, long-term disability in patients with multiple sclerosis. The cause of neurodegeneration in multiple sclerosis appears to be multifactorial. One mechanism that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegeneration in multiple sclerosis is the targeting of neuronal and axonal antigens by autoantibodies. Multiple sclerosis patients develop antibodies to the RNA-binding protein, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 (hnRNP A1), which is enriched in neurons...
2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Joshua N Douglas, Lidia A Gardner, Hannah E Salapa, Michael C Levin
OBJECTIVE: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system (CNS). Data suggest that antibodies to CNS targets contribute to the pathogenesis of MS. MS patients produce autoantibodies to heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 (hnRNP A1). hnRNP A1 is an RNA binding protein (RBP) overexpressed in neurons that functions in pre-mRNA splicing, mRNA trafficking, and translation. Previously, we showed that anti-hnRNP A1 antibodies entered neuronal cells (in vitro) via clathrin-mediated endocytosis, caused mislocalization of endogenous hnRNP A1 protein and increased markers of neurodegeneration including decreased ATP concentration and apoptosis...
2016: Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology
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