keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

tibialis anterior

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349025/anterior-capsule-reconstruction-for-irreparable-subscapularis-tears
#1
Jason P Rogers, Adam Kwapisz, John M Tokish
A subscapularis complete tear presents its own challenges in management. The glenohumeral biomechanics and force couple are reliant on a competent and functioning subscapularis muscle. An irreparable subscapularis makes those same challenges even more difficult to address. Traditionally, this problem has been addressed with tendon transfers, including pectoralis major or latissimus dorsi. These techniques can alter the ideal biomechanics of the shoulder and have high rates or failure. Iliotibial autograft or tibialis anterior have also been wrought with high failure rates...
December 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335929/computational-model-to-investigate-the-relative-contributions-of-different-neuromuscular-properties-of-tibialis-anterior-on-force-generated-during-ankle-dorsiflexion
#2
Ariba Siddiqi, Sridhar Poosapadi Arjunan, Dinesh Kant Kumar
This study describes a new model of the force generated by tibialis anterior muscle with three new features: single-fiber action potential, twitch force, and pennation angle. This model was used to investigate the relative effects and interaction of ten age-associated neuromuscular parameters. Regression analysis (significance level of 0.05) between the neuromuscular properties and corresponding simulated force produced at the footplate was performed. Standardized slope coefficients were computed to rank the effect of the parameters...
January 16, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333801/efficacy-of-the-regent-suit-based-rehabilitation-on-gait-emg-patterns-in-hemiparetic-subjects-a-pilot-study
#3
Luigi Iuppariello, Giovanni D'Addio, Maria Romano, Paolo Bifulco, Nicola Pappone, Bernardo Lanzillo, Mario Cesarelli
BACKGROUND: The recovery of the functional limb mobility of patients with cerebral damages can take great benefit of the role offered by proprioceptive rehabilitation. Recently have been developed a special Regent Suit (RS) for rehabilitative applications. Actually, there are preliminary studies which describes the effects of RS on gait recovery of stroke patients in acute stage, but none in chronic stage. Moreover, it is known that motor recovery does not always reflect improvements of the muscle activity and coactivity...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333581/high-final-energy-of-gallium-arsenide-laser-increases-myod-gene-expression-during-the-intermediate-phase-of-muscle-regeneration-after-cryoinjury-in-rats
#4
Caroline Pereira Santos, Andreo Fernando Aguiar, Ines Cristina Giometti, Thaoan Bruno Mariano, Carlos Eduardo Assumpção de Freitas, Gisele Alborghetti Nai, Selma Zambelli de Freitas, Maeli Dal Pai-Silva, Francis Lopes Pacagnelli
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of gallium arsenide (GaAs) laser on IGF-I, MyoD, MAFbx, and TNF-α gene expression during the intermediate phase of muscle regeneration after cryoinjury 21 Wistar rats were divided into three groups (n = 7 per group): untreated with no injury (control group), cryoinjury without GaAs (injured group), and cryoinjury with GaAs (GaAs-injured group). The cryoinjury was induced in the central region of the tibialis anterior muscle (TA). The region injured was irradiated once a day during 14 days using GaAs laser (904 nm; spot size 0...
January 15, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332757/activation-of-lower-limb-muscles-with-different-types-of-mount-in-hippotherapy
#5
Mariane Fernandes Ribeiro, Ana Paula Espindula, Domingos Emanuel Bevilacqua Júnior, Jéssica Aparecida Tolentino, Carolina Fioroni Ribeiro da Silva, Márcia Fernandes Araújo, Alex Abadio Ferreira, Vicente de Paula Antunes Teixeira
OBJECTIVES: To analyze muscle activation of lower limbs (LL) of subjects in hippotherapy sessions. METHODS: The study included 10 healthy subjects, five male and five female, with an average age of 24.03 (±4.06) years. Subjects underwent four hippotherapy sessions of 30 min with interval of one week, and each session was performed with a different type of mount material in the following order: 1st performed with saddle and feet in the stirrups (S1), 2nd with saddle and feet off the stirrups (S2), 3rd with blanket and feet off the stirrup (S3) and 4th with blanket and feet in the stirrups (S4)...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332740/an-electromyographic-analysis-of-selected-asana-in-experienced-yogic-practitioners
#6
Kathleen Kelley, Katherine Slattery, Kaitlyn Apollo
The purpose of this study was to assess electromyographic (EMG) output of the anterior tibialis (TA), medial head of the gastrocnemius (GA), rectus femoris (RF), bicep femoris (BF), and gluteus medius (GM) in experienced yogic practitioners during selected yoga asana. A secondary purpose was to examine the differences in EMG output in unilateral V. bilateral standing yoga asana. The study was a single occasion descriptive design. Thirteen healthy yoga practitioners (1 male, 12 females, average age of 37.5) with more than five years of experience were recruited...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332736/electromyographic-changes-in-muscles-around-the-ankle-and-the-knee-joints-in-women-accustomed-to-wearing-high-heeled-or%C3%A2-low-heeled-shoes
#7
Mona Kermani, Mehri Ghasemi, Abbas Rahimi, Khosro Khademi-Kalantari, Alireza Akbarzadeh-Bghban
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate muscle activities in the muscles around the ankle and knee joints in women accustomed to wearing high-heeled or low-heeled shoes. METHODOLOGY: Forty young women (age: 18-40 years) participated in this comparative clinical study. Twenty of the recruited subjects were accustomed to high-heeled shoes and the other half to low-heeled shoes. Electrical activities of the ankle and knee muscles in both groups with and without wearing their accustomed shoes were studied during walking...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332033/effect-of-dual-tasking-on-anticipatory-and-compensatory-postural-adjustments-in-response-to-external-perturbations-in-individuals-with-nonspecific-chronic-low-back-pain-electromyographic-analysis
#8
Ladan Hemmati, Soraya Piroozi, Zahra Rojhani-Shirazi
BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP), postural control is a demanding task in terms of attention. Although the attentional demands of postural control have been investigated in these patients, the attentional demands of postural recovery during dual task performance have not been evaluated in patients with nonspecific CLBP. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of dual tasking on anticipatory and compensatory postural adjustments in response to an external perturbation in patients with nonspecific CLBP...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331939/volumetric-muscle-loss-injury-repair-using-in-situ-fibrin-gel-cast-seeded-with-muscle-derived-stem-cells-mdscs
#9
Nadine Matthias, Samuel D Hunt, Jianbo Wu, Jonathan Lo, Laura A Smith Callahan, Yong Li, Johnny Huard, Radbod Darabi
Volumetric muscle defect, caused by trauma or combat injuries, is a major health concern leading to severe morbidity. It is characterized by partial or full thickness loss of muscle and its bio-scaffold, resulting in extensive fibrosis and scar formation. Therefore, the ideal therapeutic option is to use stem cells combined with bio-scaffolds to restore muscle. For this purpose, muscle-derived stem cells (MDSCs) are a great candidate due to their unique multi-lineage differentiation potential. In this study, we evaluated the regeneration potential of MDSCs for muscle loss repair using a novel in situ fibrin gel casting...
January 9, 2018: Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329332/co-delivery-of-a-laminin-111-supplemented-hyaluronic-acid-based-hydrogel-with-minced-muscle-graft-in-the-treatment-of-volumetric-muscle-loss-injury
#10
Stephen M Goldman, Beth E P Henderson, Thomas J Walters, Benjamin T Corona
Minced muscle autografting mediates de novo myofiber regeneration and promotes partial recovery of neuromuscular strength after volumetric muscle loss injury (VML). A major limitation of this approach is the availability of sufficient donor tissue for the treatment of relatively large VMLs without inducing donor site morbidity. This study evaluated a laminin-111 supplemented hyaluronic acid based hydrogel (HA+LMN) as a putative myoconductive scaffolding to be co-delivered with minced muscle grafts. In a rat tibialis anterior muscle VML model, delivery of a reduced dose of minced muscle graft (50% of VML defect) within HA+LMN resulted in a 42% improvement of peak tetanic torque production over unrepaired VML affected limbs...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327169/passive-stiffness-of-monoarticular-lower-leg-muscles-is-influenced-by-knee-joint-angle
#11
Filiz Ateş, Ricardo J Andrade, Sandro R Freitas, François Hug, Lilian Lacourpaille, Raphael Gross, Can A Yucesoy, Antoine Nordez
PURPOSE: While several studies demonstrated the occurrence of intermuscular mechanical interactions, the physiological significance of these interactions remains a matter of debate. The purpose of this study was to quantify the localized changes in the shear modulus of the gastrocnemius lateralis (GL), monoarticular dorsi- and plantar-flexor muscles induced by a change in knee angle. METHOD: Participants underwent slow passive ankle rotations at the following two knee positions: knee flexed at 90° and knee fully extended...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323161/lack-of-fgf18-causes-abnormal-clustering-of-motor-nerve-terminals-at-the-neuromuscular-junction-with-reduced-acetylcholine-receptor-clusters
#12
Kenyu Ito, Bisei Ohkawara, Hideki Yagi, Hiroaki Nakashima, Mikito Tsushima, Kyotaro Ota, Hiroyuki Konishi, Akio Masuda, Shiro Imagama, Hiroshi Kiyama, Naoki Ishiguro, Kinji Ohno
FGF receptor 2 is involved in the formation of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ), but its in vivo ligand remains to be determined. Laser capture microdissection of the mouse spinal motor neurons (SMNs) revealed that Fgf18 mRNA is highly expressed in SMNs in adults. Expression of Fgf18 mRNA was the highest in the spinal cord at embryonic day (E) 15.5, which gradually decreased to postnatal day 7. FGF18 protein was localized at the NMJs of the tibialis anterior muscle at E18.5 and in adults. Fgf18-/- mice at E18...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323049/autologous-transplantation-with-fewer-fibers-repairs-large-peripheral-nerve-defects
#13
Jiu-Xu Deng, Dian-Yin Zhang, Ming Li, Jian Weng, Yu-Hui Kou, Pei-Xun Zhang, Na Han, Bo Chen, Xiao-Feng Yin, Bao-Guo Jiang
Peripheral nerve injury is a serious disease and its repair is challenging. A cable-style autologous graft is the gold standard for repairing long peripheral nerve defects; however, ensuring that the minimum number of transplanted nerve attains maximum therapeutic effect remains poorly understood. In this study, a rat model of common peroneal nerve defect was established by resecting a 10-mm long right common peroneal nerve. Rats receiving transplantation of the common peroneal nerve in situ were designated as the in situ graft group...
December 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322107/the-effect-of-light-touch-on-balance-control-during-overground-walking-in-healthy-young-adults
#14
A R Oates, J Unger, C M Arnold, J Fung, J L Lanovaz
Balance control is essential for safe walking. Adding haptic input through light touch may improve walking balance; however, evidence is limited. This research investigated the effect of added haptic input through light touch in healthy young adults during challenging walking conditions. Sixteen individuals walked normally, in tandem, and on a compliant, low-lying balance beam with and without light touch on a railing. Three-dimensional kinematic data were captured to compute stride velocity (m/s), relative time spent in double support (%DS), a medial-lateral margin of stability (MOSML) and its variance (MOSMLCV), as well as a symmetry index (SI) for the MOSML...
December 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315904/the-effects-of-ageing-on-mouse-muscle-microstructure-a-comparative-study-of-time-dependent-diffusion-mri-and-histological-assessment
#15
Paola Porcari, Matt G Hall, Chris A Clark, Elizabeth Greally, Volker Straub, Andrew M Blamire
The investigation of age-related changes in muscle microstructure between developmental and healthy adult mice may help us to understand the clinical features of early-onset muscle diseases, such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy. We investigated the evolution of mouse hind-limb muscle microstructure using diffusion imaging of in vivo and in vitro samples from both actively growing and mature mice. Mean apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) of the gastrocnemius and tibialis anterior muscles were determined as a function of diffusion time (Δ), age (7...
January 9, 2018: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314717/effects-of-streptomycin-administration-on-increases-in-skeletal-muscle-fiber-permeability-and-size-following-eccentric-muscle-contractions
#16
Keishi Hayao, Hiroyuki Tamaki, Kouki Nakagawa, Keigo Tamakoshi, Hideaki Takahashi, Kengo Yotani, Futoshi Ogita, Noriaki Yamamoto, Hideaki Onishi
The purpose of this study was to investigate the preventive effect of streptomycin administration on changes in membrane permeability and the histomorphological characteristics of damaged muscle fibers following eccentric contraction (ECC). Eighteen 7-wk-old male Fischer 344 rats were randomly assigned to three groups: control (Cont), ECC, and ECC with streptomycin (ECC+Str). The tibialis anterior (TA) muscles in both ECC groups were stimulated electrically and exhibited ECC. Evans blue dye (EBD), a marker of muscle fiber damage associated with increased membrane permeability, was injected 24 h before TA muscle sampling...
January 3, 2018: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314071/sarcolemmal-excitability-changes-in-normal-human-aging
#17
James Hf Lee, Robert Boland-Freitas, Karl Ng
INTRODUCTION: The exact mechanisms underlying the loss of skeletal muscle bulk and power with normal human aging are not well established. Muscle velocity recovery cycles (MVRC) is an in vivo neurophysiological technique which we employed to assess the impact of age on sarcolemmal excitability. METHODS: MVRC recordings were obtained from tibialis anterior (n=74) and rectus femoris (n=32) muscles from 74 healthy subjects (18-84 years, median age 35, interquartile range 29-55) Results: Increasing age was linearly associated with longer muscle relative refractory period (MRRP) and reduced early supernormality (ESN) in both tibialis anterior (MRRP: r2 =0...
January 4, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313871/standing-postural-reaction-to-visual-and-proprioceptive-stimulation-in-chronic-acquired-demyelinating-polyneuropathy
#18
Clement P Provost, Sophie Tasseel-Ponche, Pierre Lozeron, Giulia Piccinini, Victorine Quintaine, Bertrand Arnulf, Nathalie Kubis, Alain P Yelnik
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the weight of visual and proprioceptive inputs, measured indirectly in standing position control, in patients with chronic acquired demyelinating polyneuropathy (CADP). DESIGN: Prospective case study. SUBJECTS: Twenty-five patients with CADP and 25 healthy controls. METHODS: Posture was recorded on a double force platform. Stimulations were optokinetic (60°/s) for visual input and vibration (50 Hz) for proprioceptive input...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304114/comparison-of-calf-muscle-architecture-between-asian-children-with-spastic-cerebral-palsy-and-typically-developing-peers
#19
Ying Chen, Lu He, Kaishou Xu, Jinling Li, Buyun Guan, Hongmei Tang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the muscle thickness, fascicle length, and pennation angle of the gastrocnemius, soleus, and tibialis anterior between Asian children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) and typically developing (TD) peers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved a total of 72 children with hemiplegic CP (n = 24), and diplegic CP (n = 24) and their TD peers (n = 24). Muscle architecture was measured at rest using ultrasound. Clinical measures included gross motor function and a modified Ashworth scale...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298988/oxidative-stress-preconditioning-of-mouse-perivascular-myogenic-progenitors-selects-a-subpopulation-of-cells-with-a-distinct-survival-advantage-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#20
Cesare Gargioli, Giuseppina Turturici, Maria M Barreca, Walter Spinello, Claudia Fuoco, Stefano Testa, Salvatore Feo, Stefano M Cannata, Giulio Cossu, Gabriella Sconzo, Fabiana Geraci
Cell engraftment, survival and integration during transplantation procedures represent the crux of cell-based therapies. Thus, there have been many studies focused on improving cell viability upon implantation. We used severe oxidative stress to select for a mouse mesoangioblast subpopulation in vitro and found that this subpopulation retained self-renewal and myogenic differentiation capacities while notably enhancing cell survival, proliferation and migration relative to unselected cells. Additionally, this subpopulation of cells presented different resistance and recovery properties upon oxidative stress treatment, demonstrating select advantages over parental mesoangioblasts in our experimental analysis...
January 3, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
keyword
keyword
54527
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"