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"Dysmorphophobia"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791577/-barbie-doll-syndrome-a-case-report-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#1
Maria Gruber, Rebecca Jahn, Karin Stolba, Michael Ossege
BACKGROUND: This case report aims to present a 37-year-old women striving to shape her body like a Barbie doll of which she has been fascinated since childhood. She could hardly tolerate any deviation from this beauty ideal. She has been admitted to the psychosomatic ward due to an eating disorder. METHODS: The ICD-10 and DSM-5 criteria were established for axis I disorders and the German version of the SCID II interview (for DSM-4) was applied for axis II disorders...
August 8, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511829/suicidal-behaviors-in-the-dermatology-patient
#2
Madhulika A Gupta, Daiana R Pur, Branka Vujcic, Aditya K Gupta
An assessment of suicidal behaviors in the dermatology patient may be necessary in several situations: (1) in the presence of psychiatric comorbidity (major depressive disorder, body dysmorphic disorder, substance use disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder), encountered in up to 30% of dermatology patients; (2) when dermatologic symptoms ("dysmorphophobia," dermatitis artefacta) represent psychiatric pathologic conditions; (3) when psychosocial stressors (bereavement, interpersonal violence) increase the risk of suicidal behavior and exacerbate stress-reactive dermatoses (psoriasis, acne); (4) in the presence of high disease burden (chronicity, increased disease severity); (5) in instances of significant pruritus or chronic sleep disruption; (6) in the presence of facial lesions or facial scarring; (7) when social exclusion or feelings of alienation arise secondary to the skin disorder; (8) with use of medications (retinoids, biologics) for which suicidal behavior has been implicated as a possible side effect; and (9) when treating psychiatric patients experiencing a serious reaction to psychotropic medications (eg, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and anticonvulsants)...
May 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453238/attentiveness-of-dermatologists-in-the-middle-east-to-psychocutaneous-medicine
#3
Ossama T Osman, Abdul-Kader Souid, Fadwa Al-Mugaddam, Bell R Eapen, Mohammad Jafferany
Objective: Patients with skin diseases often have psychological problems and complications that require assessment and treatment. The main objective of this study was to explore attentiveness of dermatologists to psychiatric symptoms in their patients. Methods: A previously validated online questionnaire was used to explore the attitude and experience of dermatologists practicing in the Middle East toward the assessment of the psychiatric needs of their patients...
April 27, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220373/body-dysmorphic-disorder-history-and-curiosities
#4
Katlein França, Maria Grazia Roccia, David Castillo, Mana ALHarbi, Georgi Tchernev, Anastasia Chokoeva, Torello Lotti, Massimo Fioranelli
Body dysmorphic disorder is a chronic psychiatric disorder characterized by excessive preoccupation with an absent or minimal physical deformity. It causes severe distress and impairs normal functioning. In the last centuries, this disorder has been mentioned in the medical literature by important mental health practitioners by different names, such as "dysmorphophobia" or "dermatologic hypochondriasis". However, not until the last century was it included among the obsessive-compulsive disorders, although its classification has changed over time...
February 20, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217452/a-review-of-penile-elongation-surgery
#5
REVIEW
Jeffrey Campbell, Joshua Gillis
Penile elongation surgery is less commonly performed in the public sector, but involves a collaborative approach between urology and plastic surgery. Congenital and acquired micropenis are the classic surgical indications for penile elongation surgery. The goal of intervention in these patients is to restore a functional penis size in order to allow normal standing micturition, enable satisfying sexual intercourse and improve patient quality of life. Many men seeking elongation actually have normal length penises, but perceive themselves to be small, a psychologic condition termed 'penile dysmorphophobia'...
February 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126054/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-and-recovery-of-a-delusional-dysmorphophobia-case
#6
Carlos Cuevas-Yust, Patricia Delgado-Ríos, Silvia Escudero-Pérez
BACKGROUND: We present the application of cognitive-behavioural therapy in a clinical case diagnosed with delusional dysmorphophobia. METHOD: The psychometric scales used for evaluation were the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale for Schizophrenia, Beck Anxiety and Depression inventories, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale along with the degree of conviction in the delusional belief and in alternative explanations, and social functioning measured by patient reporting...
February 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598023/discomfort-and-adaptation-in-psoriatic-patients-an-inchoate-supportive-care-trial
#7
A M Iannaccone, G Verrusio, S Iurassich
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis produces functional and aesthetic damages which cause psychosocial discomfort and require new adjustment factors. AIMS: We describe the correlation among discomfort and personality factors as traits, coping, defense mechanism (DM) and resilience in Ps (skin psoriasis) and PsA (psoriatic arthritis) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A random sample, age between 45-60, with 1:1 female/male, includes 3 groups each of 90 subjects: - single psoriasis (Ps, average 50...
July 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27298777/penile-traction-therapy-for-peyronie-s-disease-what-s-the-evidence
#8
REVIEW
Mustafa Faruk Usta, Tumay Ipekci
Penile traction therapy (PTT) is a new therapeutic option for men with Peyronie's disease (PD). However, it has a long history of use in other fields of medicine including bone, skin, skeletal muscle, and Dupuytren's. Mechanotransduction, or gradual expansion of tissue by traction, leads to the formation of new collagen tissue by cellular proliferation. As a molecular result, continuous extension of the fibrous plaque causes significant increases in collagenase and metalloproteinases, and, ultimately, to fibrous plaque softening and extension...
June 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27070685/augmentation-phalloplasty-with-autologous-dermal-fat-graft-in-the-treatment-of-small-penis
#9
Lisi Xu, Muxin Zhao, Wen Chen, Yangqun Li, Zhe Yang, Ning Ma, Weixin Wang, Jun Feng, Qiyu Liu, Tong Ma
BACKGROUND: Our objective is to report on the efficacy and safety of dermal fat graft in augmentation phalloplasty performed on patients who presented complaining of "small penis," and evaluate the cosmetic and psychological outcomes of it. METHODS: From April 2010 and January 2015, 23 Chinese adult patients aged 18 to 33 years (average, 23 years) with subjective perception of small penis were included; all who requested an increase in the penile dimension underwent penile elongation (suprapubic skin advancement-ligamentolysis) and girth enhancement by dermal fat graft...
February 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26766813/three-component-hydraulic-penile-prosthesis-malfunction-due-to-penile-fibrolipoma-secondary-to-augmentative-phalloplasty-a-case-report
#10
Gabriele Antonini, Patrizio Vicini, Ettore De Berardinis, Arianna Pacchiarotti, Vincenzo Gentile, Paul Perito
Fibrolipomas are an infrequent type of lipomas. We describe a case of a man suffering from subcutaneous penile fibrolipoma, who twelve months earlier has been submitted to augmentative phalloplasty due to aesthetic dysmorphophobia. The same patient three years earlier has been submitted to three-component hydraulic penile prostheses implantation due to erectile dysfunction. After six months from removing of the mass, the penile elongation and penile enlargement were stable, the prostheses were correctly functioning and the patient was satisfied with his sexual intercourse and life...
December 2015: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26644741/recognizing-body-dysmorphic-disorder-dysmorphophobia
#11
Anukriti Varma, Rajesh Rastogi
Dysmorphophobia is a psychiatric condition which frequently presents in the clinics of dermatologists and plastic surgeons. This disorder (also called body dysmorphic disorder) is troublesome to the patient whilst being confusing for the doctor. This commonly undiagnosed condition can be detected by a few simple steps. Timely referral to a psychiatrist benefits most patients suffering from it. This article describes with a case vignette, how to recognize body dysmorphic disorder presenting in the dermatological or aesthetic surgery set up...
July 2015: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26288294/-pathological-fear-of-weight-gain-is-a-necessary-criterion-of-anorexia-nervosa
#12
V V Marilov, M B Sologub
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the diagnostic value of fear of weight gain (obesity) criterion in anorexia nervosa (AN). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Authors examined 30 patients with significant weight loss due to self-restriction of food intake. The patients were stratified into the group (n = 15) that met ICD-10 criteria of AN (restrictive variant) and the group with somatoform dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system of the gastrointestinal tract. Authors compared these groups and presented a description of two cases...
2015: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25909797/-comorbodity-of-kleptomania-and-eating-disorders
#13
A E Bryukhin, M B Sologub, N K Abdraeva
A case of comorbid anorexia nervosa and kleptomania is reported in a female patient aged 31 years old. Personality pathology and kleptomanic behavior developed since childhood together with dysmorphophobia related to the congenital chest defect. Later on, the distinct association between the severity of dysmorphophobia, affective disorder and appearances of pathological drives was identified. The patient received several ICD-10 diagnoses (F61.0, F50.0, F62.3, F33.1). The patient's condition was improved after pharmacotherapy in the combination with psychotherapy...
2015: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25856527/comment-on-applying-extender-devices-in-patients-with-penile-dysmorphophobia-assessment-of-tolerability-efficacy-and-impact-on-erectile-function
#14
EDITORIAL
Marco Oderda, Paolo Gontero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25809129/applying-extender-devices-in-patients-with-penile-dysmorphophobia-assessment-of-tolerability-efficacy-and-impact-on-erectile-function
#15
Mohammad Reza Nowroozi, Erfan Amini, Mohsen Ayati, Hassan Jamshidian, Kayvan Radkhah, Shahab Amini
INTRODUCTION: Most men seeking penile enhancement techniques have a normal penile size. They are either misinformed or suffer from penile dysmorphophobia and should be discouraged from undergoing invasive procedures. Less invasive techniques including penile extenders are not associated with major complications and may be beneficial from a psychological perspective. AIM: We conducted this study to assess the efficacy and safety of AndroPenis (Andromedical, Madrid, Spain) penile extender...
May 2015: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24936660/prevalence-phenomenology-and-comorbidity-of-body-dysmorphic-disorder-dysmorphophobia-in-a-clinical-population
#16
G Perugi, D Giannotti, F Frare, S D Vaio, E Valori, L Maggi, G B Cassano, H S Akiskal
Dysmorphophobia (body dysmorphic disorder), defined as a preoccupation with an imaginary or minimal defect in appearance, has been known for more than a century but has received relatively little empirical study. The authors investigated the demographics, phenomenology, course, associated psychopathology and family history in a series of 58 patients (34 men and 24 women) with the disorder. The patients were assessed with the Hopkins Symptom Checklist and two specially constructed instruments developed by the authors...
1997: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24568661/the-brief-obsessive-compulsive-scale-bocs-a-self-report-scale-for-ocd-and-obsessive-compulsive-related-disorders
#17
Susanne Bejerot, Gunnar Edman, Henrik Anckarsäter, Gunilla Berglund, Christopher Gillberg, Björn Hofvander, Mats B Humble, Ewa Mörtberg, Maria Råstam, Ola Ståhlberg, Louise Frisén
BACKGROUND: The Brief Obsessive Compulsive Scale (BOCS), derived from the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) and the children's version (CY-BOCS), is a short self-report tool used to aid in the assessment of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). It is widely used throughout child, adolescent and adult psychiatry settings in Sweden but has not been validated up to date. AIM: The aim of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the BOCS amongst a psychiatric outpatient population...
November 2014: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24403975/aesthetic-rhinoplasty-plus-brow-eyelid-and-conchal-surgery-pitfalls-complications-prevention
#18
REVIEW
Wolfgang Gubisch, Andreas Dacho
Within the last years aesthetic surgery enjoys greater popularity and acceptance. One of the most frequently asked operations has been the aesthetic rhinoplasty. Hardly any other field of surgery is exposed to such a critical analysis than aesthetic rhinoplasty because the results are so obvious. According to the "International Society of Aesthetic Surgery" (ISAPS) over 980,000 cosmetic rhinoplasties have been performed in 2010. This corresponds to 10.4% of all registered aesthetic procedures worldwide. Complications can not be eliminated in such a large number of nasal operations...
December 13, 2013: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24195003/penile-subcutaneous-fibrolipoma-postaugmentative-phalloplasty
#19
Patrizio Vicini, Ferdinando De Marco, Piero Letizia, Lavinia Alei, Gabriele Antonini, Giovanni Alei, Vincenzo Gentile
Fibrolipomas are a rare subtype of lipomas. We describe a case of a man suffering from subcutaneous penile fibrolipoma, who three months earlier has been submitted to an augmentative phalloplasty due to aesthetic dysmorphophobia. After six months from the excision of the mass, the penile elongation and penile enlargement were stable, and the patient was satisfied with his sexual intercourse and sexual life. To our knowledge, this is the first reported penile subcutaneous fibrolipoma case in the literature. The diagnostics and surgical features of this case are discussed...
2013: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23830263/-cosmetic-surgery-of-the-male-genitalia
#20
REVIEW
D Chevallier, A Haertig, A Faix, S Droupy
OBJECTIVES: To describe the indications and results of techniques to change the appearance of the penis for aesthetic reasons. Provide recommendations concerning cosmetic surgery of the male genitalia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have selected from Medline Database, articles published between 1990 and 2011. Forty articles have been selected excluding papers reporting populations less than five cases per type of procedure. RESULTS: There is no consensus on the size below which it is justifiable to accept or attempt to modify the size of the penis...
July 2013: Progrès en Urologie
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