Read by QxMD icon Read

transition youth

Yun Wang, Xiaofang Jia, Wenwen Du, Feifei Huang, Ji Zhang, Hongru Jiang, Chang Su, Jiguo Zhang, Li Li, Yifei Ouyang, Zhihong Wang, Bing Zhang, Huijun Wang
OBJECTIVE: To understand the current status of liquid beverage consumption of adult residents in 15 provinces and cities in China, and discuss relevant factors that may affect the consumption of liquid beverage of adult residents, and provide data support to guide the rational consumption of liquid beverage. METHODS: Using data from China Nutritional Transition Cohort Survey in 2015 on the subjects aged 18 to 59 years old in 15 provinces and cities in China with complete 24-hour-dietary for 3 days and food consumption frequency method, chi-square was used to analyze liquid beverage consumption rate, nonparametric test was used to analyze beverage consumption intake levels of different gender, age, education degree, urban and rural areas, income, region...
March 2018: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
Laura Kann, Tim McManus, William A Harris, Shari L Shanklin, Katherine H Flint, Barbara Queen, Richard Lowry, David Chyen, Lisa Whittle, Jemekia Thornton, Connie Lim, Denise Bradford, Yoshimi Yamakawa, Michelle Leon, Nancy Brener, Kathleen A Ethier
PROBLEM: Health-risk behaviors contribute to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among youth and adults in the United States. In addition, significant health disparities exist among demographic subgroups of youth defined by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade in school and between sexual minority and nonsexual minority youth. Population-based data on the most important health-related behaviors at the national, state, and local levels can be used to help monitor the effectiveness of public health interventions designed to protect and promote the health of youth at the national, state, and local levels...
June 15, 2018: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
Sophia A Hussen, Rana Chakraborty, Andres Camacho-Gonzalez, Berthine Njiemoun, Emily Grossniklaus, Emma Goodstein, Rob Stephenson, Carlos Del Rio
Healthcare transition (HCT) from pediatric to adult-oriented healthcare is ideally conceptualized as a planned, continuous process characterized by communication between multiple stakeholders. However, empirical data is lacking regarding processes through which youth living with HIV (YLHIV) are actually transitioned to adult care. We conducted a qualitative study to gain a more comprehensive understanding of both pediatric and adult provider perspectives on the HCT process for YLHIV. Our study included focus groups discussions with 24 (11 pediatric and 13 adult) providers at a comprehensive HIV care center in the Southeastern United States...
June 13, 2018: AIDS Care
Chiara Malagoli, Maria Carmen Usai
Adolescence is a fundamental transition phase, marked by physical, social, cognitive and emotional changes. At this stage in development two contrasting phenomena take place: brain changes cause a sensitivity to emotional aspects (Dahl, 2004); while also control processes register as well impressive improvements (e.g., Hooper et al., 2004; Best and Miller, 2010). The study is aimed to investigate the relationship between a core cognitive feature such as working memory (WM) (Diamond, 2013) and complex abilities such as emotion regulation (ER) and behavioral self-reported outcomes using a structural equation model approach...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Kendra Liljenquist, Margaret E O'Neil, Kristie F Bjornson
Background: Many young adults with cerebral palsy (CP) face limited participation in activities, including employment and independent living. Physical therapy during the transition period can help to support participation through promotion of self-care, ambulation, and functional mobility. Thus, ensuring appropriate access to physical therapy services for young people who can benefit from them before, during, and after transition is imperative. Objective: The objective of this study was to identify factors contributing to the utilization of physical therapy services for youth with CP both during and after secondary school...
June 8, 2018: Physical Therapy
Amanda E Tanner, Morgan M Philbin, Brittany D Chambers, Alice Ma, Sophia Hussen, Samuella Ware, Sonia Lee, J Dennis Fortenberry
PURPOSE: Youth living with HIV (YLHIV) in the United States (U.S.) account for nearly one-third of new HIV infections and face significant barriers to care engagement; only 25% are virally suppressed. Healthcare transition (HCT) from pediatric/adolescent to adult-oriented care can be particularly disruptive. Accordingly, we prospectively examined HCT processes at 14 distinct geographical sites across the U.S. METHODS: We collected Audio Computer-Assisted Self-Interviews data and abstracted electronic medical records from 135 HCT-eligible YLHIV at baseline and 9-month follow-up...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Mohamed Ismail, Shereen Hussein
Population aging is a phenomenon occurring across the globe including in countries traditionally exhibiting population dividends and 'youth bulges'. The Gulf Corporation Council countries are no exception as they currently experience a process of population aging, albeit being at a different stage from many developed countries. However, due to historical high fertility rates and fast paced epidemiological transition, some of these countries will experience population aging at a higher pace than what has been observed in Europe and the United States...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
Michael J Cleveland, Rob Turrisi, Frederick X Gibbons, Meg Gerrard, Miesha Marzell
BACKGROUND: We examined how mothers' protective parenting and alcohol use influenced changes in offspring's heavy drinking among a sample of African American youth. The conceptual model also tested indirect effects of mothers' behaviors, through changes in the youths' social images (i.e., prototypes) of heavy drinkers, derived from the prototype willingness (PW) model. METHODS: Participants were 686 emerging adults (55% female) from the Family and Community Health Study (FACHS), an ongoing prospective study of African American families...
June 7, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
Amy M Salazar, Kevin R Jones, Jamie Amemiya, Adrian Cherry, Eric C Brown, Richard F Catalano, Kathryn C Monahan
Permanency is a key child welfare system goal for the children they serve. This study addresses three key research questions: (1) How do older youth in foster care define their personal permanency goals? (2) How much progress have these youth made in achieving their personal permanency goals and other aspects of relational permanency, and how does this vary by gender, race, and age? and (3) What transition-related outcomes are associated with relational permanency achievement? Surveys were conducted with 97 youth between the ages of 14 and 20 currently in care...
April 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
Fred M Ssewamala, Laura Gauer Bermudez, Torsten B Neilands, Claude A Mellins, Mary M McKay, Irv Garfinkel, Ozge Sensoy Bahar, Gertrude Nakigozi, Miriam Mukasa, Lindsay Stark, Christopher Damulira, Jennifer Nattabi, Apollo Kivumbi
BACKGROUND: Asset-based economic empowerment interventions, which take an integrated approach to building human, social, and economic capital, have shown promise in their ability to reduce HIV risk for young people, including adolescent girls, in sub-Saharan Africa. Similarly, community and family strengthening interventions have proven beneficial in addressing mental health and behavioral challenges of adolescents transitioning to adulthood. Yet, few programs aimed at addressing sexual risk have applied combination interventions to address economic stability and mental health within the traditional framework of health education and HIV counseling/testing...
June 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
H Tuomainen, U Schulze, J Warwick, M Paul, G C Dieleman, T Franić, J Madan, A Maras, F McNicholas, D Purper-Ouakil, P Santosh, G Signorini, C Street, S Tremmery, F C Verhulst, D Wolke, S P Singh
BACKGROUND: Transition from distinct Child and Adolescent Mental Health (CAMHS) to Adult Mental Health Services (AMHS) is beset with multitude of problems affecting continuity of care for young people with mental health needs. Transition-related discontinuity of care is a major health, socioeconomic and societal challenge globally. The overall aim of the Managing the Link and Strengthening Transition from Child to Adult Mental Health Care in Europe (MILESTONE) project (2014-19) is to improve transition from CAMHS to AMHS in diverse healthcare settings across Europe...
June 4, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Beverly G Hart Abney, Pamela Lusk, Rachael Hovermale, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk
BACKGROUND: College is a time of major transition in the lives of many young adults. Roughly 30% of college students have reported that anxiety and depressive symptoms negatively affect their lives and academic functioning. Currently, anxiety has surpassed depression as the reason college students seek help at counseling centers. Unfortunately, only one third of students receive treatment for anxiety and only 25% of students receive treatment for their depression. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this pilot project were to (a) assess levels of depression and anxiety in identified "at risk" college students who present to the college Student Health Services (Primary Care), (b) implement a new cognitive behavioral therapy-based intervention titled "Creating Opportunities for Personal Empowerment" (COPE), and (c) evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention on students' levels of depression and anxiety as well as satisfaction with the intervention...
June 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Lisa A Ruble, John H McGrew, Michael Toland, Nancy Dalrymple, Medina Adams, Claire Snell-Rood
The postsecondary outcomes of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are significantly worse than peers with other disabilities. One problem is the lack of empirically-supported transition planning interventions to guide services and help produce better outcomes. We applied an implementation science approach to adapt and modify an evidence-based consultation intervention originally tested with young children called the Collaborative Model for Promoting Competence and Success (COMPASS; Ruble et al., The collaborative model for promoting competence and success for students with ASD...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Sarah J Peterson, Heather A Davis, Gregory T Smith
In a sample of 1,897 youth studied across the last year of elementary school to the second year of high school, we identified five trajectories of drinking frequency. Three of those (nondrinkers, middle onset, and late onset drinkers) were not drinking in elementary school; two others (moderate drinkers and early high drinkers) were. Among originally nondrinking groups, multiple impulsigenic traits and the acquired preparedness risk model predicted membership in groups that subsequently began drinking. Membership in trajectory groups characterized by drinking during this age period was associated with (a) the experience of alcohol-related problems and (b) further increases in both impulsigenic traits and alcohol expectancies...
May 31, 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Beth A Reboussin, Nicholas S Ialongo, Kerry M Green, Debra M Furr-Holden, Renee M Johnson, Adam J Milam
Although there is little difference in rates of marijuana use between White and Black youth, Blacks have significantly higher rates of marijuana use and disorder in young adulthood. Theory suggests that factors tied to social disadvantage may explain this disparity, and neighborhood setting may be a key exposure. This study sought to identify trajectories of marijuana use in an urban sample during emerging adulthood, neighborhood contexts that predict these trajectories and social role transitions or "turning points" that may redirect them...
May 29, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Susan D McMahon
Schools are important settings that can be utilized to yield a positive impact on youth and the many issues our society faces. In this Presidential Address, I identify key issues and directions for the field, advocating that we need to expand our ecological focus, improve school climate, and collaborate with schools to effect change. To illustrate these key themes, findings from four projects with k-12 youth and educators in the United States are described, and these projects have the following foci: protective factors for youth exposed to violence, teacher-directed violence as part of an APA Task Force, school climate and neighborhood factors in relation to academic outcomes, and school transitions for students with disabilities...
May 28, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
Karen L Fingerman
The period of young adulthood has transformed dramatically over the past few decades. Today, scholars refer to "emerging adulthood" and "transitions to adulthood" to describe adults in their 20s. Prolonged youth has brought concomitant prolonged parenthood. This article addresses 3 areas of change in parent/child ties, increased (a) contact between generations, (b) support from parents to grown children as well as coresidence and (c) affection between the generations. We apply the Multidimensional Intergenerational Support Model (MISM) to explain these changes, considering societal (e...
November 2017: Innovation in Aging
Michelle R Munson, Sarah Carter Narendorf, Shelly Ben-David, Andrea Cole
Research has shown that how people think about their health (or illnesses) shapes their help-seeking behavior. In this mixed-methods study, we employed a simultaneous concurrent design to explore the perceptions of mental illness among an understudied population: marginalized young adults. Participants were 60 young adults (ages 18-25) who had experienced mood disorders and used multiple public systems of care during their childhoods. Semistructured interviews were conducted to understand participants' illness and treatment experiences during the transition to adulthood...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Winnie Szeto, Annelotte van der Bent, Carter R Petty, Jason Reich, Francis Farraye, Laurie N Fishman
Background: Social media is commonly used among the adolescent and young adult population, including those with chronic diseases. For adults, these platforms have been shown to be a major source of health information. Our aims were to explore how youth with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) use social media for (1) disease information gathering, (2) provider communication, (3) sense of belonging to the IBD community, (4) self-expression around IBD, and (5) disease management/monitoring...
May 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Magaly Aceves-Martins, Aixa Y Aleman-Diaz, Montse Giralt, Rosa Solà
Youth is a dynamic and complex transition period in life where many factors jeopardise its present and future health. Youth involvement enables young people to influence processes and decisions that affect them, leading to changes in themselves and their environment (e.g. peers, services, communities and policies); this strategy could be applied to improve health and prevent diseases. Nonetheless, scientific evidence of involving youth in health-related programmes is scarce. The aim of this paper is to describe youth involvement as a health promotion strategy and to compile practical recommendations for health promoters, researchers and policy-makers interested in successful involvement of young people in health-related programmes...
May 18, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"