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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228794/learning-to-breathe-a-pilot-study-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-to-support-marginalized-youth
#1
Amy L Eva, Natalie M Thayer
Mindfulness-based curricular interventions can support adolescents who are at risk of school failure as they negotiate the transition from high school into young adulthood. Researchers hypothesized that a 6-week mindfulness-based intervention would lower participants' perceived stress while increasing their reported levels of self-esteem. Participants (N = 23) ranged in age from 17 to 20 years while the majority were male students of color. Pre- and postintervention survey mean responses revealed statistically significant differences on the Single-Item Self-Esteem Scale and 3 items on the Perceived Stress Scale (with small to moderate effect sizes)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225388/latent-classes-of-older-foster-youth-prospective-associations-with-outcomes-and-exits-from-the-foster-care-system-during-the-transition-to-adulthood
#2
Elizabeth A Miller, Katherine W Paschall, Sandra T Azar
Youth in the foster care system face considerable challenges during the transition to adulthood. However, there is significant variability within this population. This study uses person-oriented methods and a longitudinal dataset of youth aging out of foster care to examine differences in how subgroups of foster youth fare during the transition to adulthood. We identified four distinct latent classes, consistent with prior person-oriented studies of this population, and validated these classes by examining differences on additional relevant factors at age 17...
August 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212568/decomposing-environmental-unpredictability-in-forecasting-adolescent-and-young-adult-development-a-two-sample-study
#3
Sarah Hartman, Sooyeon Sung, Jeffry A Simpson, Gabriel L Schlomer, Jay Belsky
To illuminate which features of an unpredictable environment early in life best forecast adolescent and adult functioning, data from two longitudinal studies were examined. After decomposing a composite unpredictability construct found to predict later development, results of both studies revealed that paternal transitions predicted outcomes more consistently and strongly than did residential or occupational changes across the first 5 years of a child's life. These results derive from analyses of the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, which included diverse families from 10 different sites in the United States, and from the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation, whose participants came from one site, were disproportionately economically disadvantaged, and were enrolled 15 years earlier than the NICHD Study sample...
December 7, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212504/socioeconomic-factors-associated-with-cessation-of-injection-drug-use-among-street-involved-youth
#4
Derek C Chang, Scott E Hadland, Ekaterina Nosova, Evan Wood, Thomas Kerr, Kora DeBeck
BACKGROUND: Although the initiation of injection drug use has been well characterized among at-risk youth, factors that support or impede cessation of injection drug use have received less attention. We sought to identify socioeconomic factors associated with cessation of injection drug use among street-involved youth. METHODS: From September 2005 to May 2015, data were collected from the At-Risk Youth Study (ARYS), a prospective cohort study of street-involved youth in Vancouver, Canada...
December 7, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202331/using-the-icf-in-transition-research-and-practice-lessons-from-a-scoping-review
#5
REVIEW
Tram Nguyen, Debra Stewart, Peter Rosenbaum, Sue Baptiste, Olaf Kraus de Camargo, Jan Willem Gorter
BACKGROUND: The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) and subsequent ICF-CY (child and youth version) recognize the importance of personal and environmental factors in facilitating holistic transition planning and service delivery for youth with chronic health conditions (YCHC). AIMS: The objective of this scoping review is to investigate the degree to which the ICF and ICF-CY have been used in transition research and practice since its initial publication...
December 1, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200835/transitional-aged-youth-perceptions-of-influential-factors-for-substance-use-change-and-treatment-seeking
#6
Anna Bowers, Kristin Cleverley, Claudia Di Clemente, Joanna Henderson
There is an evident disparity between the number of youth who report experiencing problematic substance use and the number who seek treatment. To address this disparity, it is important to understand the reasons youth do and do not seek substance use treatment. Using qualitative data obtained from semistructured interviews with 31 youth aged 17-25 years presenting for treatment at a mental health hospital, the current study identifies themes in the factors that youth identify as having influenced them to seek or delay treatment...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196352/hearing-impaired-young-people-a-physician-s-guide%C3%A2
#7
Anne Easson, Simone Walter
Physicians reading this will have a broad range of in-depth knowledge about their own subspecialty. However, in daily medical practice there are topics of which all physicians should have some knowledge. Those who deal with young people should have some knowledge of the needs of the hearing-impaired population within this group of patients. This article is intended to provide an overview of young people with hearing impairment (HIYP), the challenges they face and what we can do to help them. In this paper, we assume that data published regarding hearing-impaired children apply to HIYP from 13 years (the age at which the transition process begins) to 25 years of age (the age at which 'youth' according to the World health Organization and the Education Health Care Plan ends)...
December 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190341/oral-health-care-needs-of-young-adults-transitioning-from-foster-care
#8
Ann Carrellas, Angelique Day, Tamara Cadet
Children who have aged out of the foster care system face considerable barriers in accessing oral health care. Although this population of foster care alumni may have Medicaid insurance while they are in care to cover dental care, 39 percent of youths who have aged out of foster care do not have dental insurance. This mixed methods study examines factors that contribute to the oral health care disparities of children who have transitioned from foster care. Multivariate analysis revealed that foster care alumni without dental insurance are 93...
November 28, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183289/youth-experiences-of-transition-from-child-mental-health-services-to-adult-mental-health-services-a-qualitative-thematic-synthesis
#9
Kathleen L Broad, Vijay K Sandhu, Nadiya Sunderji, Alice Charach
BACKGROUND: Adolescence and young adulthood is a vulnerable time during which young people experience many development milestones, as well as an increased incidence of mental illness. During this time, youth also transition between Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) to Adult Mental Health Services (AMHS). This transition puts many youth at risk of disengagement from service use; however, our understanding of this transition from the perspective of youth is limited. This systematic review aims to provide a more comprehensive understanding of youth experiences of transition from CAMHS to AMHS, through a qualitative thematic synthesis of the extant literature in this area...
November 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172597/-a-longitudinal-person-centered-perspective-on-youth-social-support-relations-with-psychological-wellbeing-correction-to-ciarrochi-et-al-2017
#10
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "A longitudinal person-centered perspective on youth social support: Relations with psychological wellbeing" by Joseph Ciarrochi, Alexandre J. S. Morin, Baljinder K. Sahdra, David Litalien and Philip D. Parker (Developmental Psychology, 2017[Jun], Vol 53[6], 1154-1169). In the article, the approach utilized (and illustrated in the authors' online supplements) for tests of distributional similarity conducted in the context of Latent Transition Analyses (LTA) is suboptimal, and has been recently optimized in a webnote prepared by Morin and Litalien (2017)...
December 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168954/social-mobilization-for-safe-transition-from-adolescence-a-qualitative-research-in-iran
#11
Nezal Azh, Fatemeh Nahidi, Giti Ozgoli, Gelayol Ardalan
Introduction Until now, the services provided to Iranian youth have been prepared based on authorities' perspectives and according to the resources and reports from other countries and international agencies. Using youth perspectives to provide health, however, helps in continuing the process of providing health services, and most young people will receive these services. Objective To explain perception of youth and key individuals to improve health programs for safe transition in Iran. Methodology This study is a qualitative research with a grounded theory approach...
November 23, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165963/post-transfer-predictors-of-poor-outcomes-in-pediatric-renal-transplant-recipients
#12
Bethany Coyne, Patricia J Hollen, Guofen Yan, John Barcia, Kenneth Brayman
The aims of this study were twofold: 1) to describe the post-transfer (defined as from pediatric to adult providers) incidence of predictors (medication nonadherence, acute rejection, and change in kidney function), as well as outcomes (graft loss) for adolescent and young adult kidney transplant recipients during a three-year post-transfer follow-up period; and 2) to identify variables to monitor these predictors, in the form of a clinical profile, so providers can promote early intervention for these medically at-risk adolescents...
March 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160192/sibship-size-and-young-women-s-transitions-to-adulthood-in-india
#13
K G Santhya, A J Francis Zavier
In India, a substantial proportion of young people are growing up in smaller families with fewer siblings than earlier generations of young people. Studies exploring the associations between declines in sibship size and young people's life experiences are limited. Drawing on data from a sub-nationally representative study conducted in 2006-08 of over 50,000 youths in India, this paper examines the associations between surviving sibship size and young women's (age 20-24) transitions to adulthood. Young women who reported no or a single surviving sibling were categorized as those with a small surviving sibship size, and those who reported two or more surviving siblings as those with a large surviving sibship size...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157731/insulin-sensitivity-and-diabetic-kidney-disease-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-2-diabetes-an-observational-analysis-of-data-from-the-today-clinical%C3%A2-trial
#14
Petter Bjornstad, Edward Nehus, Laure El Ghormli, Fida Bacha, Ingrid M Libman, Siripoom McKay, Steven M Willi, Lori Laffel, Silva Arslanian, Kristen J Nadeau
BACKGROUND: Diabetic kidney disease is a major cause of premature mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Worsening insulin sensitivity independent of glycemic control may contribute to the development of diabetic kidney disease. We investigated the longitudinal association of insulin sensitivity with hyperfiltration and increased albumin excretion in adolescents with T2DM. STUDY DESIGN: Observational prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 532 TODAY (Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes in Adolescents and Youth) participants aged 12 to 17 years with T2DM duration less than 2 years at baseline...
November 17, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157324/individual-differences-in-anxiety-trajectories-from-grades-2-to-8-impact-of-the-middle-school-transition
#15
Stefanie A Nelemans, William W Hale, Susan J T Branje, Wim H J Meeus, Karen D Rudolph
This study examined the impact of the middle school transition on general anxiety trajectories from middle childhood to middle adolescence, as well as how youths' individual vulnerability and exposure to contextual stressors were associated with anxiety trajectories. Participants were 631 youth (47% boys, M age = 7.96 years at Time 1), followed for 7 successive years from second to eighth grade. Teachers reported on youths' individual vulnerability to anxiety (anxious solitude) in second grade; youth reported on their anxiety in second to eighth grade and aspects of their social contexts particularly relevant to the school transition (school hassles, peer victimization, parent-child relationship quality, and friendship quality) in sixth to eighth grade...
November 21, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153001/understanding-parents-concerns-about-their-children-with-autism-taking-public-school-transportation-in-los-angeles-county
#16
Amber M Angell, Olga Solomon
There are a number of recent US news media reports of children and youth with autism becoming lost, injured, or even dying while taking public school transportation, yet research on this problem is scarce. This ethnographic study examines the experiences of 14 parents whose children with autism take public school transportation in Los Angeles County. We present two case studies of children with autism being "lost" while in transit from school to home on the bus to (1) describe how the situation was experienced, responded to, and managed by the parents; (2) consider three interrelated themes that emerged from interviews with 14 parents, related to children's safety, independence, and participation, across multiple contexts and analytic levels; and (3) discuss the findings in relation to US news media reports of incidents involving children with autism on school buses to identify specific weaknesses in school transportation infrastructure, particularly in the context of privatization, that create conditions in which children with autism can "fall through the cracks" in potentially life-threatening ways...
February 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152669/brief-report-bullying-and-anxiety-in-high-functioning-adolescents-with-asd
#17
Gerrit van Schalkwyk, Isaac C Smith, Wendy K Silverman, Fred R Volkmar
Youth with ASD are more likely to experience bullying than their typically developing peers. This risk has not been studied in youth with ASD transitioning to college. We examined the occurrence of bullying in 35 high functioning youth with ASD who were preparing to attend college. We also examined youth anxiety and ASD symptoms. Fifty-one percent of the sample reported being recent victims of bullying; 31% of parents reported their child was a victim of bullying. Parent report of bullying correlated significantly with ratings of youth social anxiety symptoms...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150307/approaching-retention-within-the-adolescent-brain-cognitive-development-study
#18
REVIEW
Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Linda Chang, Linda B Cottler, Susan F Tapert, Gayathri J Dowling, Sandra A Brown
Retention efforts are critical to maintain relationships with research participants over time. This is especially important for the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study, where families are asked to stay engaged with the study throughout the course of 10 years. This high-degree of involvement is essential to longitudinally track child and adolescent development. At a minimum, we will connect with families every 6 months by telephone, and every year in person, with closer contact with the youth directly as they transition into adolescence...
November 11, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147951/satisfaction-with-mental-health-navigation-services-piloting-an-evaluation-with-a-new-scale
#19
Keera N Fishman, Anthony J Levitt, Roula Markoulakis, Staci Weingust
As mental health navigation services continue to be implemented, the need for valid and reliable tools to assess the quality of these services increases. While case managers target individuals with severe mental illness and aim to reduce burden and cost, and increase independence, navigation services target all individuals with a range of mental health and/or substance use issues, with the aim of reducing barriers to treatment and coordinating individualized care. The current study evaluated satisfaction with a navigation service using a new 22-item questionnaire, the Navigation Satisfaction Tool (NAVSAT)...
November 16, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146566/improving-transition-to-employment-for-youth-with-physical-disabilities-protocol-for-a-peer-electronic-mentoring-intervention
#20
Sally Lindsay, Jennifer Stinson, Mary Stergiou-Kita, Joanne Leck
BACKGROUND: Although youth with disabilities have much to gain from employment readiness programs, they are often excluded from or have limited access to vocational programs. One encouraging approach to address gaps in vocational programming is through peer electronic mentoring (e-mentoring), which may facilitate a smoother transition to adulthood by offering support to enhance coping skills. Despite the increase in online communities, little is known about their impact on vocational mentoring for youth with physical disabilities and their parents...
November 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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