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transition youth

John F Strang, Haley Meagher, Lauren Kenworthy, Annelou L C de Vries, Edgardo Menvielle, Scott Leibowitz, Aron Janssen, Peggy Cohen-Kettenis, Daniel E Shumer, Laura Edwards-Leeper, Richard R Pleak, Norman Spack, Dan H Karasic, Herbert Schreier, Anouk Balleur, Amy Tishelman, Diane Ehrensaft, Leslie Rodnan, Emily S Kuschner, Francie Mandel, Antonia Caretto, Hal C Lewis, Laura G Anthony
Evidence indicates an overrepresentation of youth with co-occurring autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and gender dysphoria (GD). The clinical assessment and treatment of adolescents with this co-occurrence is often complex, related to the developmental aspects of ASD. There are no guidelines for clinical care when ASD and GD co-occur; however, there are clinicians and researchers experienced in this co-occurrence. This study develops initial clinical consensus guidelines for the assessment and care of adolescents with co-occurring ASD and GD, from the best clinical practices of current experts in the field...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
Jonathan Delman, Vanessa V Klodnick
Peer providers are a promising practice for transition-age youth community mental health treatment engagement and support, yet little is known about the experience of being a young adult peer provider or what helps to make an individual in this role successful. Utilizing a capital theory lens, this study uses data from focus groups (two with young adult peer providers and two with their supervisors) to examine facilitators of young adult peer provider success in community mental health treatment settings. Eight factors were identified as critical to young adult peer provider on-the-job success: persistence, job confidence, resilience, job training, skilled communications with colleagues, regular and individualized supervision, support from colleagues, and family support...
October 22, 2016: Community Mental Health Journal
Sally Lindsay, Laura McAdam, Tania Mahendiran
BACKGROUND: Young men with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) live into adulthood and need specialized care. However, services for adults are fragmented. We know little about young men's experiences, their parents, and clinicians who support them as they transition to adult care. OBJECTIVE: To explore the enablers and barriers of clinicians, young men, and parents as they transition from an adult DMD clinic within a pediatric hospital to an adult health facility...
October 11, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Eric Smart, Adeeta Aulakh, Carolyn McDougall, Patty Rigby, Gillian King
PURPOSE: Identify strategies youth perceive will optimize their engagement in goal pursuit in life skills and transition programs using an engagement framework involving affective, cognitive, and behavioral components. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design was used. Two semi-structured interviews were conducted with seven youth. The first was informed by a prior observation session, and the second occurred after the program ended and explored youths' perceptions of whether and how their engagement changed...
October 21, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
José L Chamorro, Miquel Torregrosa, David Sánchez Oliva, Tomás García Calvo, Benito León
Within the context of the transition from junior-to-senior sport, this study aims in first place to explore differences in young Spanish elite soccer players based on the importance given to getting different achievements in their future (including sport, studies and private life) and, in second place, to explore differences among those players in levels of passion, motivation and basic psychological need. 478 elite youth soccer filled out a questionnaire based on the presented theoretical models. A cluster analysis shows a sport oriented group (N = 98) only interested in becoming a professional, a life spheres balance group (N = 288) characterized by balancing the importance of achievements in the sport sphere, as well as in education and a private life and a group (N = 91) only interested in private life achievements...
October 20, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
Catherine R Glenn, Elizabeth C Lanzillo, Erika C Esposito, Angela C Santee, Matthew K Nock, Randy P Auerbach
Suicidal and nonsuicidal self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) among youth are major public health concerns. Although a growing body of research has focused on the complex association between nonsuicidal and suicidal self-injury, the temporal relationship between these two classes of behaviors is unclear. The current study addresses this empirical gap by examining the course of SITBs in adolescents receiving outpatient (N = 106; 82.1 % female) and inpatient (N = 174; 75.9 % female) treatment. SITBs (co-occurrence, age-of-onset, and time lag between SITBs) and major psychiatric disorders were assessed at a single time point with well-validated structured interviews...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Kaarina Korhonen, Hanna Remes, Pekka Martikainen
PURPOSE: There is inconsistent evidence for social differentials in the risk of depression in youth, and little is known about how education at this age influences the risk. We assess how parental socioeconomic position (SEP) and education predict depression from late adolescence to early adulthood, a time of major educational transitions. METHODS: We followed a nationally representative 20 % sample of Finnish adolescents born in 1986-1990 (n = 60,829) over two educational transitory stages at the age of 17-19 and 20-23 covering the years 2003-2011...
October 19, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Julie Lounds Taylor, Ryan E Adams, Somer L Bishop
In this study, we examined how unstructured (e.g., spending time with friends or co-workers) and structured (e.g., attending social events at a place of workshop, sports teams) social participation changed from before to after high school for youth with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), as well as the longitudinal and concurrent relations between social participation and internalizing symptoms. Participants included 36 families of youth with ASD who were all in their last year of high school at the first time point of data collection, and who were out of high school for an average of 9 months at the second time point...
October 14, 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Stephen M Hadlow, Ross A Pinder, Mark G L Sayers
In Australian rules football structured increases in ball size during development end with the transition to the Size 5 (adult) ball at the Under-15 age group. This study assessed changes in kick technique and performance in experienced junior performers when using Size 4 and 5 Australian rules footballs. Participants (n = 22, 13.77 ± 0.61 years) performed drop punt kicks in 2 representative tasks; a Decision-Making Test (DMT) (n = 14) and Set-Shot Test (SST) (n = 14 + 8). Results indicate participants sustained their level of kick performance (accuracy and quality of ball spin) in both tests when using a Size 5 football...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson, Jeremy Staff, Megan E Patrick, John E Schulenberg
This study examines the impact of the "Great Recession" (from December 2007 to June 2009) on 8th and 10th graders in the USA, using annual nationally representative data from the Monitoring the Future study. Historical changes in youth adjustment (self-esteem, depressed mood, risk taking, aggression and property crime), school achievement (grade point average [GPA], time spent on homework and educational expectations) and structured and unstructured activities (volunteering, employment, sports and evenings out for fun) were examined between 1991 and 2014...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Jeanne M Little, Janice A Odiaga, Carla Z Minutti
For adolescents with diabetes, ineffective health care transition to adult health services may result in suboptimal adherence to medical supervision, leading to poor glycemic control, increased diabetes complications, and hospitalization. Despite national recommendations, few youth receive the needed preparation to transition to adult health services. A data transition registry was created at a large Midwest urban academic medical center to identify patients 14 years and older with Type 1 diabetes. Thirty-nine patients with Type 1 diabetes were identified, and 33 were eligible to begin transition planning...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Rana Pishva
: The premise of parent-centred programmes for parents of anxious children is to educate and train caregivers in the sustainable implementation of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) in the home. The existing operationalization of parent involvement, however, does not address the systemic, parent or child factors that could influence this process. The qualitative approach of grounded theory was employed to examine patterns of action and interaction involved in the complex process of carrying out CBT with one's child in one's home...
September 29, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Gert Stulp, Rebecca Sear, Susan B Schaffnit, Melinda C Mills, Louise Barrett
Studies of the association between wealth and fertility in industrial populations have a rich history in the evolutionary literature, and they have been used to argue both for and against a behavioral ecological approach to explaining human variability. We consider that there are strong arguments in favor of measuring fertility (and proxies thereof) in industrial populations, not least because of the wide availability of large-scale secondary databases. Such data sources bring challenges as well as advantages, however...
September 26, 2016: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
A Linton, A Golobof, L P Shulman
Perimenopause, or the menopause transition, is a time in a woman's life that bridges her reproductive years through to the non-surgical cessation of ovulation, or menopause. For many women this time is one of changes: changes in gynecological issues, onset of symptoms not experienced in her youth and increasing risks for adverse medical conditions. Despite the clear changes that occur for many women during this time, one critical issue is frequently ignored, namely, that, until the onset of menopause, she is exposed to pregnancy if sexually active, and pregnancy for older reproductive women is fraught with considerable increases in morbidity and mortality compared to younger women...
September 24, 2016: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
Justin J Lang, Mark S Tremblay, Luc Léger, Tim Olds, Grant R Tomkinson
OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare 20 m shuttle run test (20mSRT) performance among children and youth across 50 countries; to explore broad socioeconomic indicators that correlate with 20mSRT performance in children and youth across countries and to evaluate the utility of the 20mSRT as an international population health indicator for children and youth. METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken to identify papers that explicitly reported descriptive 20mSRT (with 1-min stages) data on apparently healthy 9-17 year-olds...
September 20, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Christopher M Kalinyak, Faye A Gary, Cheryl M Killion, M Jane Suresky
Transition to adulthood is a developmental stage that presents unique and challenging problems. For individuals with dual diagnoses of mental disorders and substance abuse, the tragic dilemma confronting them is one of limited or nonexistent options as they attempt to navigate their way from child and adolescent services to adult programs. The Transition to Independence Process (TIP) is designed to facilitate more successful outcomes in the transition to adulthood by offering continuity of support. Nursing plays a crucial role in enabling young adults to develop a healthy sense of self-efficacy, thus facilitating the success of a TIP program...
February 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
Anna Yaros, John E Lochman, Karen C Wells
Aggression among youth is public health problem that is often studied in the context of how youth interpret social information. Social cognitive factors, especially hostile attribution biases, have been identified as risk factors for the development of youth aggression, particularly across the transition to middle school. Parental behaviors, including parental aggression to children in the form of corporal punishment and other aggressive behavior, have also been linked to aggressive behavior in children at these ages...
September 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Development
K Liljenquist, W Coster, J Kramer, Z Rossetti
BACKGROUND: Participation by youth with disabilities in recreational activities has been shown to promote the development of important skills needed for transition to adulthood. The Participatory Experience Survey (PES) and the Setting Affordances Survey (SAS) were developed for use by recreational programmes serving youth with significant intellectual and developmental disabilities (SIDD) to assess participant experiences and ensure that participants are afforded optimal opportunities to develop these skills...
September 15, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
J-C Suris, J-P Larbre, M Hofer, M Hauschild, Y Barrense-Dias, A Berchtold, C Akre
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences between parents of adolescents with chronic illness (CI) going through a self-reported easy or difficult transfer. METHODS: Seventy-two parents of CI youths who had already transferred to adult care were divided according to whether they considered that the transfer had been easy (n = 45) or difficult (n = 27). We performed a bivariate analysis comparing both groups and variables with a significance level < .1 were included in a logistic regression...
September 13, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
Hui G Cheng, Madhur Chandra, Karl C Alcover, James C Anthony
BACKGROUND: To study male-female and age differences in estimates of rapid transition from first full drink to alcohol dependence among youthful newly incident drinkers in the United States (US). METHOD: The study population included 12-to-25-year-old non-institutionalized US civilian residents, sampled for US National Surveys on Drug Use and Health 2002-2013, with assessments via confidential computer assisted self-interviews. Newly incident drinkers are those who had their first full drink soon before the assessment (n=32,562 12-to-25-year- olds)...
August 21, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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