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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713212/family-structure-transitions-and-psychiatric-disorders-among-puerto-rican-children
#1
Olga Santesteban-Echarri, Ruth E Eisenberg, Hector R Bird, Glorisa J Canino, Cristiane S Duarte
This paper examines whether family structure and its transitions are associated with internalizing and externalizing psychiatric disorders among Puerto Rican-origin children. It uses longitudinal data (three waves) from the Boricua Youth Study, which includes probability samples of children in the South Bronx (New York) and San Juan (Puerto Rico) (n = 2,142). We also examine factors which may explain how family structure and transitions may be related to child psychiatric disorders. Our results show that for both internalizing and externalizing disorders there were no significant differences between children of cohabiting (biological or step) parents or of single parents compared to children of married biological parents...
November 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710532/the-gap-between-adaptive-behavior-and-intelligence-in-autism-persists-into-young-adulthood-and-is-linked-to-psychiatric-co-morbidities
#2
Catherine K Kraper, Lauren Kenworthy, Haroon Popal, Alex Martin, Gregory L Wallace
For individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), long-term outcomes have been troubling, and intact IQ has not been shown to be protective. Nevertheless, relatively little research into adaptive functioning among adults with ASD has been completed to date. Therefore, both adaptive functioning and comorbid psychopathology were assessed among 52 adults with ASD without intellectual disability (ID). Adaptive functioning was found to substantially lag behind IQ, and socialization was a particular weakness. Comorbid psychopathology was significantly correlated with the size of IQ-adaptive functioning discrepancy...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709161/roles-of-medication-responsibility-executive-and-adaptive-functioning-in-adherence-for-children-and-adolescents-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv
#3
Patricia A Garvie, Sean S Brummel, Susannah M Allison, Kathleen M Malee, Claude A Mellins, Megan L Wilkins, Lynnette L Harris, E Doyle Patton, Miriam C Chernoff, Richard M Rutstein, Mary E Paul, Sharon L Nichols
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence is a critical but challenging developmental task for children and adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV (PHIV). Understanding how medication responsibility, executive functions (EFs) and adaptive functioning (AF) influence adherence may help prepare adolescents for transition to adulthood. METHODS: Participants included PHIV children and adolescents 7-16 years of age enrolled in the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study Adolescent Master Protocol, who were prescribed antiretroviral medications...
August 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702947/initial-validation-of-a-healthcare-needs-scale-for-youth-with-congenital-heart-disease
#4
Chi-Wen Chen, Ciao-Lin Ho, Wen-Jen Su, Jou-Kou Wang, Hung-Tao Chung, Pi-Chang Lee, Chun-Wei Lu, Be-Tau Hwang
AIM: To validate the initial psychometric properties of a Healthcare Needs Scale for Youth with Congenital Heart Disease. BACKGROUND: As the number of patients with congenital heart disease surviving to adulthood increases, the transitional healthcare needs for adolescents and young adults with congenital heart disease require investigation. However, few tools comprehensively identify the healthcare needs of youth with congenital heart disease. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was employed to examine the psychometric properties of the Healthcare Needs Scale for Youth with Congenital Heart Disease...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687895/the-complexity-of-family-reactions-to-identity-among-homeless-and-college-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-queer-young-adults
#5
Rachel M Schmitz, Kimberly A Tyler
Familial responses to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) young people's identities range on a spectrum from rejection to acceptance and these reactions strongly impact family relationships and young adult well-being. Less is known, however, about how family members' reactions may differ based on young people's contexts of socioeconomic status. Through a qualitative, life course analysis of in-depth interview data from 46 LGBTQ college students and LGBTQ homeless young adults, our study highlights the diverse, contextual nuances of young people's "linked lives" within their families...
July 7, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682737/qualitative-comparison-of-barriers-to-antiretroviral-medication-adherence-among-perinatally-and-behaviorally-hiv-infected-youth
#6
Errol L Fields, Laura M Bogart, Idia B Thurston, Caroline H Hu, Margie R Skeer, Steven A Safren, Matthew J Mimiaga
Medication adherence among youth living with HIV (28%-69%) is often insufficient for viral suppression. The psychosocial context of adherence barriers is complex. We sought to qualitatively understand adherence barriers among behaviorally infected and perinatally infected youth and develop an intervention specific to their needs. We conducted in-depth interviews with 30 youth living with HIV (aged 14-24 years) and analyzed transcripts using the constant comparative method. Barriers were influenced by clinical and psychosocial factors...
July 2017: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681381/epilepsy-transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-care-recommendations-of-the-ontario-epilepsy-implementation-task-force
#7
REVIEW
Danielle M Andrade, Anne S Bassett, Eduard Bercovici, Felippe Borlot, Esther Bui, Peter Camfield, Guida Quaglia Clozza, Eyal Cohen, Timothy Gofine, Lisa Graves, Jon Greenaway, Beverly Guttman, Maya Guttman-Slater, Ayman Hassan, Megan Henze, Miriam Kaufman, Bernard Lawless, Hannah Lee, Lezlee Lindzon, Lysa Boissé Lomax, Mary Pat McAndrews, Dolly Menna-Dack, Berge A Minassian, Janice Mulligan, Rima Nabbout, Tracy Nejm, Mary Secco, Laurene Sellers, Michelle Shapiro, Marie Slegr, Rosie Smith, Peter Szatmari, Leeping Tao, Anastasia Vogt, Sharon Whiting, O Carter Snead
The transition from a pediatric to adult health care system is challenging for many youths with epilepsy and their families. Recently, the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care of the Province of Ontario, Canada, created a transition working group (TWG) to develop recommendations for the transition process for patients with epilepsy in the Province of Ontario. Herein we present an executive summary of this work. The TWG was composed of a multidisciplinary group of pediatric and adult epileptologists, psychiatrists, and family doctors from academia and from the community; neurologists from the community; nurses and social workers from pediatric and adult epilepsy programs; adolescent medicine physician specialists; a team of physicians, nurses, and social workers dedicated to patients with complex care needs; a lawyer; an occupational therapist; representatives from community epilepsy agencies; patients with epilepsy; parents of patients with epilepsy and severe intellectual disability; and project managers...
July 6, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667233/self-management-and-transition-to-adult-health-care-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-team-process
#8
John D Mahan, Cecily L Betz, Megumi J Okumura, Maria E Ferris
As health care continues to evolve, the need for more effective health care transition (HCT) for all youth, but particularly children with chronic conditions and special health care needs, becomes even more important. With more than 90% of adolescents with chronic medical conditions now surviving into adulthood, suboptimal transition can lead to poorer quality of life and less successful adulthood.Through a series of clinical vignettes, the challenges of HCT are presented herein and accompanied by comments that underscore how these adolescents can best be helped to transition to successful adulthood...
July 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663104/causal-effects-of-transitions-to-adult-roles-on-early-adult-smoking-and-drinking-evidence-from-three-cohorts
#9
Michael J Green, Alastair H Leyland, Helen Sweeting, Michaela Benzeval
Transitions into work and family roles have become increasingly delayed as participation in tertiary education widens. Such transitions may have adverse or beneficial effects on health behaviours such as smoking and drinking (alcohol). Role socialisation effects may reduce smoking or drinking, but clustering of transitions may lead to role overload, weakening or reversing any role socialisation effects. Effects of transitions were examined in three UK cohorts: the 1958 National Child Development Study, the 1970 British Birth Cohort Study, and the West of Scotland: Twenty-07 Youth Cohort (from around Glasgow, growing up in the same time period as the 1970 cohort)...
June 17, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662326/comparison-of-alcohol-consumption-and-alcohol-policies-in-the-czech-republic-and-norway
#10
Helena Hnilicová, Siri Nome, Karolína Dobiášová, Miroslav Zvolský, Roger Henriksen, Elena Tulupova, Zuzana Kmecová
OBJECTIVE: The Czech Republic is characterized by high alcohol consumption and is well known as the world's biggest consumer of beer. In contrast, the alcohol consumption in Norway is relatively low. In this article, we describe and discuss alcohol policy development in the Czech Republic since the mid-1980s to the present and its impact on the alcohol consumption and compare our findings, including the dynamics of the total alcohol consumption and the development of drinking patterns among young people, with the situation in Norway...
June 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661782/college-going-and-trajectories-of-drinking-from-adolescence-into-adulthood
#11
Robert Crosnoe, Sarah Kendig, Aprile Benner
To explore an exception to the association between educational attainment and health, this study unpacked variability in the drinking of U.S. college students by applying life course concepts to analyses of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Growth curve models showed that youth who graduated from four-year colleges before turning 25 without later reentering higher education had the highest peaks in drinking after adolescence and the shallowest declines into their 30s. Deviations from this pathway in terms of type, timing, and order of college transitions flattened out drinking trajectories from adolescence into adulthood...
June 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647948/gender-creative-or-transgender-youth-and-advanced-nursing-practice
#12
Nicole Kirouac, Mabel Tan
The World Professional Association for Transgender Health (WPATH) defines gender dysphoria as "Discomfort or distress that is caused by a discrepancy between a person's gender identity and that person's sex assigned at birth (and the associated gender role and/or primary and secondary sex characteristics)" (WPATH, 2016). Gender creative (GC) and transgender (TG) youth are at high risk for severe mental health disparities if they don't receive competent and timely gender transitioning care. Although awareness and early care of TG youth in specialty clinics is improving and increasing, there is still much effort that is required to eliminate barriers to care at many levels and thus improve outcomes...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647945/the-emerging-adult-with-diabetes-transitioning-from-pediatric-to-adult-care
#13
Jodi Krall, Ingrid Libman, Linda Siminerio
Transfer from pediatric to adult health care is a significant life event for youth with chronic medical conditions. Unfortunately, youth may not be well prepared to navigate the shift in health care services, increasing their risk for loss to follow up and poor health outcomes. This review explores transition in care through the lens of type 1 diabetes, highlighting current practices and guidelines and offering recommendations for future consideration. Limited evidence suggests that transition programs that focus on strategies to prepare youth developmentally and equip the health care system appropriately have positive impact on the hand off of care, and health outcomes...
June 2017: Pediatric Endocrinology Reviews: PER
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646002/preparation-for-transition-to-adult-care-among-medicaid-insured-adolescents
#14
Gregory S Sawicki, Katharine C Garvey, Sara L Toomey, Kathryn A Williams, J Lee Hargraves, Thomas James, Jean L Raphael, Angelo P Giardino, Mark A Schuster, Jonathan A Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with chronic illness consistently report suboptimal preparation for transition from pediatric- to adult-focused health care. Little data are available on transition preparation for low-income youth in particular. METHODS: We conducted a mailed survey of youth with chronic illness enrolled in 2 large Medicaid health plans to determine the quality of transition preparation using the Adolescent Assessment of Preparation for Transition (ADAPT)...
June 23, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639838/provider-perceptions-of-stigma-and-discrimination-experienced-by-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-phiv-while-accessing-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care
#15
Cynthia D Fair, Meredith Berk
Historically, children with perinatally-acquired HIV (PHIV) were viewed as the "innocent victims" as their HIV infection was not acquired through sexual/drug related means. Today, adolescents with PHIV are surviving into young adulthood and are engaging in developmentally expected behaviors such as establishing intimate, sexual relationships. Like other youth, those living with PHIV often need to access sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services. Previous research has documented stigma and discrimination experienced by adult women living with HIV as they try to access SRH care...
June 22, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623624/effect-of-parenting-and-peer-stressors-on-cognitive-vulnerability-and-risk-for-depression-among-youth
#16
Caroline W Oppenheimer, Benjamin L Hankin, Jami Young
Parenting behaviors influence clinical depression among youth, but little is known about the developmental processes that may account for this association. This study investigated whether parenting is associated with the onset of clinical depression and depressive symptoms through negative cognitive style, particularly under conditions of high exposure to stressors, in a community sample of children and adolescents (N = 275; 59% girls). Observational methods were used to assess positive and negative parenting during a laboratory social-evaluative stressor task...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620764/health-related-quality-of-life-associated-with-bullying-and-aggression-a-cross-sectional-study-in-english-secondary-schools
#17
Catherine Fantaguzzi, Elizabeth Allen, Alec Miners, Deborah Christie, Charles Opondo, Zia Sadique, Adam Fletcher, Richard Grieve, Chris Bonell, Russell M Viner, Rosa Legood
BACKGROUND: Associations between adolescent health-related quality of life (HRQoL), bullying, and aggression are not well understood. We used baseline data from a large-cluster randomized school trial to study the relationship between HRQoL, bullying experience, and other demographic factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional self-reported questionnaires collected pre-randomization from the on-going INCLUSIVE trial. The questionnaires were completed in the classroom. The Gatehouse Bullying Scale measured bullying victimization and the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime school misbehavior subscale (ESYTC) measured aggressive behaviors...
June 15, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619406/physical-activity-sleep-and-bmi-percentile-in-rural-and-urban-ugandan-youth
#18
Mary J Christoph, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Rhona Baingana, James M Ntambi
BACKGROUND: Uganda is experiencing a dual burden of over- and undernutrition, with overweight prevalence increasing while underweight remains common. Potential weight-related factors, particularly physical activity, sleep, and rural/urban status, are not currently well understood or commonly assessed in Ugandan youth. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to pilot test a survey measuring weight-related factors in rural and urban Ugandan schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey measured sociodemographics, physical activity, sleep patterns, and dietary factors in 148 rural and urban schoolchildren aged 11-16 in central Uganda...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611972/racial-discrimination-during-adolescence-predicts-mental-health-deterioration-in-adulthood-gender-differences-among-blacks
#19
Shervin Assari, Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell, Marc A Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Despite the existing knowledge regarding the negative mental health consequences of perceived racial discrimination, very few researchers have used a longitudinal design with long-term follow-up periods to explore gender differences in this association over time. OBJECTIVE: The current longitudinal study aimed to investigate gender differences in predictive role of an increase in perceived racial discrimination during adolescence for mental health deterioration a decade later when they are transitioning to young adulthood...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603406/gender-differences-in-patterns-of-substance-use-and-delinquency-a-latent-transition-analysis
#20
Charlotte Lyn Bright, Paul Sacco, Karen M Kolivoski, Laura M Stapleton, Hyun-Jin Jun, Darnell Morris-Compton
This study explores gender-specific patterns and transitions of adolescent substance use and delinquency in a sample of youths at ages 12, 15, and 18 (N = 803). Latent transition analysis identified "Primary Delinquent," "Delinquency and Substance Use," and "Low Risk" classes. Females were less likely to be in the "Primary Delinquent" class at age 12 than males. From 15 to 18, females were approximately equally likely to transition from "Primary Delinquent" to both other classes, whereas males were more likely to transition from "Primary Delinquent" to "Delinquency and Substance Use...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
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