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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623624/effect-of-parenting-and-peer-stressors-on-cognitive-vulnerability-and-risk-for-depression-among-youth
#1
Caroline W Oppenheimer, Benjamin L Hankin, Jami Young
Parenting behaviors influence clinical depression among youth, but little is known about the developmental processes that may account for this association. This study investigated whether parenting is associated with the onset of clinical depression and depressive symptoms through negative cognitive style, particularly under conditions of high exposure to stressors, in a community sample of children and adolescents (N = 275; 59% girls). Observational methods were used to assess positive and negative parenting during a laboratory social-evaluative stressor task...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620764/health-related-quality-of-life-associated-with-bullying-and-aggression-a-cross-sectional-study-in-english-secondary-schools
#2
Catherine Fantaguzzi, Elizabeth Allen, Alec Miners, Deborah Christie, Charles Opondo, Zia Sadique, Adam Fletcher, Richard Grieve, Chris Bonell, Russell M Viner, Rosa Legood
BACKGROUND: Associations between adolescent health-related quality of life (HRQoL), bullying, and aggression are not well understood. We used baseline data from a large-cluster randomized school trial to study the relationship between HRQoL, bullying experience, and other demographic factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional self-reported questionnaires collected pre-randomization from the on-going INCLUSIVE trial. The questionnaires were completed in the classroom. The Gatehouse Bullying Scale measured bullying victimization and the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime school misbehavior subscale (ESYTC) measured aggressive behaviors...
June 15, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619406/physical-activity-sleep-and-bmi-percentile-in-rural-and-urban-ugandan-youth
#3
Mary J Christoph, Diana S Grigsby-Toussaint, Rhona Baingana, James M Ntambi
BACKGROUND: Uganda is experiencing a dual burden of over- and undernutrition, with overweight prevalence increasing while underweight remains common. Potential weight-related factors, particularly physical activity, sleep, and rural/urban status, are not currently well understood or commonly assessed in Ugandan youth. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to pilot test a survey measuring weight-related factors in rural and urban Ugandan schoolchildren. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey measured sociodemographics, physical activity, sleep patterns, and dietary factors in 148 rural and urban schoolchildren aged 11-16 in central Uganda...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611972/racial-discrimination-during-adolescence-predicts-mental-health-deterioration-in-adulthood-gender-differences-among-blacks
#4
Shervin Assari, Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Cleopatra Howard Caldwell, Marc A Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Despite the existing knowledge regarding the negative mental health consequences of perceived racial discrimination, very few researchers have used a longitudinal design with long-term follow-up periods to explore gender differences in this association over time. OBJECTIVE: The current longitudinal study aimed to investigate gender differences in predictive role of an increase in perceived racial discrimination during adolescence for mental health deterioration a decade later when they are transitioning to young adulthood...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603406/gender-differences-in-patterns-of-substance-use-and-delinquency-a-latent-transition-analysis
#5
Charlotte Lyn Bright, Paul Sacco, Karen M Kolivoski, Laura M Stapleton, Hyun-Jin Jun, Darnell Morris-Compton
This study explores gender-specific patterns and transitions of adolescent substance use and delinquency in a sample of youths at ages 12, 15, and 18 (N = 803). Latent transition analysis identified "Primary Delinquent," "Delinquency and Substance Use," and "Low Risk" classes. Females were less likely to be in the "Primary Delinquent" class at age 12 than males. From 15 to 18, females were approximately equally likely to transition from "Primary Delinquent" to both other classes, whereas males were more likely to transition from "Primary Delinquent" to "Delinquency and Substance Use...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601668/developmental-and-clinical-predictors-of-comorbidity-for-youth-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#6
Tara S Peris, Michelle Rozenman, R Lindsey Bergman, Susanna Chang, Joseph O'Neill, John Piacentini
OBJECTIVE: To date, few studies of childhood obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) have been adequately powered to examine patterns and predictors of comorbidity, despite the frequency with which it occurs. We address this gap, drawing on a large sample of youth with OCD who were systematically assessed through research and clinical programs in a university-based specialty program for children and adolescents with OCD. We examine patterns of comorbidity across different epochs of development and predict specific classes of OCD (comorbidity internalizing/externalizing/both) from key demographic and clinical variables that may be useful in guiding individualized treatment...
October 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599384/adolescent-and-parent-perspectives-prior-to-involvement-in-a-fontan-transition-program
#7
Karin du Plessis, Evelyn Culnane, Rebecca Peters, Yves d'Udekem
Background Successful transition to adult healthcare is particularly important for congenital heart disease (CHD) patients who have undergone palliative surgery, as they risk adverse events if not followed closely. This study examines young people at the worst end of the CHD spectrum who are born with a single ventricle (pumping heart chamber), and who undergo a series of operations that culminate in the Fontan surgical procedure. Purpose To explore adolescents with a Fontan circulation, and their parents', readiness for transition to adult care and pre-implementation of a transition program...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599026/transition-issues-and-challenges-for-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#8
Fred R Volkmar, Scott L J Jackson, Logan Hart
Earlier detection and effective, evidence-based practices are gradually improving outcomes for people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although some continue to need intensive support as adults, an increasing number are now going to college, becoming independent, and marrying. With the transition to adulthood, people with ASD will face a number of significant challenges. Health care providers who are knowledgeable about these challenges can help foster better outcomes and support those requiring higher levels of care...
June 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592389/spaces-of-well-being-among-young-adults-with-physical-disabilities-transitioning-from-pediatric-to-adult-healthcare
#9
Sally Lindsay
BACKGROUND: Youth with disabilities are at risk of poor health outcomes as they transition to adult healthcare. Although space and place play an important role in accessing healthcare little is known about the spatial aspects of youth's transition from pediatric to adult healthcare. OBJECTIVE: To understand the spaces of well-being as youth with physical disabilities transition from pediatric to adult healthcare. METHODS: This study draws on a qualitative design involving 63 in-depth interviews with young adults (n = 22), parents (n = 17), and clinicians (n = 24) involved in preparing young adults for transition...
May 31, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583136/social-structural-factors-influencing-periods-of-injection-cessation-among-marginalized-youth-who-inject-drugs-in-vancouver-canada-an-ethno-epidemiological-study
#10
Jade Boyd, Danya Fast, Megan Hobbins, Ryan McNeil, Will Small
BACKGROUND: Injection drug use is associated with HIV and hepatitis C transmission, overdose, and other preventable harms. These harms are heightened for structurally vulnerable injection drug-using populations, as their social conditions pose barriers to safer injecting. Previous research on injection cessation has largely focused on adult drug-using populations. Little qualitative work has examined the social, structural, and environmental factors that shape periods of injection cessation among youth and young adults...
June 5, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578217/still-at-risk-an-examination-of-how-street-involved-young-people-understand-experience-and-engage-with-harm-reduction-in-vancouver-s-inner-city
#11
Nikki Bozinoff, Will Small, Cathy Long, Kora DeBeck, Danya Fast
BACKGROUND: Vancouver is an international leader in implementing interventions to reduce harms related to drug use. However, street-involved young people who use drugs continue to be vulnerable to overdose death, hepatitis C (HCV) infection, and high rates of syringe sharing. To better understand this in the context of the intensive public health response, we examined how young people, who are involved in the 'street drug scene', understood, experienced and engaged with harm reduction...
June 1, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578136/interval-setting-selection-affects-ambulatory-activity-outputs-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
Wilshaw R Stevens, Kirsten Tulchin-Francis
INTRODUCTION: Accelerometer based devices have been widely used to assess the ambulatory activity of children with and without functional disabilities. Many researchers who utilize the StepWatch Activity Monitor (SAM) collect at a 60second (60sec) interval setting. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of SAM interval settings on ambulatory activity outputs in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and typically developing youth. METHODS: Participants wore a SAM which recorded the number of strides every 10seconds (10s) for one week...
May 23, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577424/specific-needs-of-families-of-young-adults-with-profound-intellectual-disability-during-and-after-transition-to-adulthood-what-are-we-missing
#13
Camille Gauthier-Boudreault, Frances Gallagher, Mélanie Couture
INTRODUCTION: At the age of 21, the trajectory of services offered to youth with profound intellectual disability (ID) change significantly since access to specialised services is more limited. Despite the desire of parents to avoid any impact on their child, several factors can influence the course of this transition. However, there is little research on facilitators and obstacles to the transition to adulthood, and impacts on people with a profound ID. It is therefore difficult to provide solutions that meet their specific needs...
May 31, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562089/paving-the-way-to-change-for-youth-at-the-gap-between-child-and-adolescent-and-adult-mental-health-services
#14
Sabina Abidi
By 2020 mental illness will be one of the 5 most common illnesses causing morbidity, mortality and disability among youth. At least 20% of Canadian youth have a psychiatric disorder the impact of which can dramatically alter their life trajectory. Focus on the factors contributing to this problem is crucial. Lack of coordination between child and adolescent mental health systems (CAMHS) and adult mental health systems (AMHS) and consequent disruption of care during this vulnerable time of transition is one such factor...
June 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560723/impact-of-distress-related-to-attenuated-psychotic-symptoms-in-individuals-at-ultra-high-risk-of-psychosis-findings-from-the-longitudinal-youth-at-risk-study
#15
Gurpreet Rekhi, Attilio Rapisarda, Jimmy Lee
AIM: Recent studies have highlighted that attenuated psychotic symptoms (APS) are an important source of distress in ultra high risk (UHR) individuals and that this distress is related to transition to psychosis (TTP). This study examined distress associated with APS in UHR individuals and investigated its association with TTP. METHODS: The Comprehensive Assessment of At-Risk Mental State (CAARMS) was used to identify 173 UHR individuals, who were included as participants in the study...
May 31, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559370/listen-and-learn-engaging-young-people-their-families-and-schools-in-early-intervention-research
#16
Charlotte Connor
Recent policy guidelines highlight the importance of increasing the identification of young people at risk of developing mental health problems in order to prevent their transition to long-term problems, avoid crisis and remove the need for care through specialist mental health services or hospitalisation. Early awareness of the often insidious behavioural and cognitive changes associated with deteriorating mental well-being, however, is difficult, but it is vital if young people, their families and those who work with them are to be fully equipped with the skills to aid early help-seeking...
June 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558790/challenges-in-transitioning-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-rheumatologic-diseases-to-adult-care-in-a-developing-country-the-brazilian-experience
#17
Catherine Gusman Anelli, Ana Luiza Mendes Amorim, Fabiane Mitie Osaku, Maria Teresa Terreri, Claudio Arnaldo Len, Andreas Reiff
BACKGROUND: Transition guidelines and recommendations for developing countries are limited and best transition practices in young patients with chronic medical conditions have been poorly examined. This study evaluates transition practices from pediatric to adult rheumatology care in Brazil. METHODS: Practicing pediatric rheumatologists registered in the Brazilian Society of Rheumatology were e-surveyed with SurveyMonkey® using the Chira et al. questionnaire that had been used previously to evaluate transition practices of pediatric rheumatologists from the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance (CARRA) in the USA and Canada...
May 30, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557475/early-social-behaviors-and-the-trajectory-of-peer-victimization-across-the-school-years
#18
Niwako Sugimura, Daniel Berry, Wendy Troop-Gordon, Karen D Rudolph
Research has established that long-term exposure to peer victimization is associated with higher levels of emotional and behavioral maladjustment. Yet, relatively little is known regarding predictors of stable versus declining victimization across extended periods of time. To fill this knowledge gap, the present study used latent growth curve modeling to examine the separate and unique contributions of 3 early social behaviors in 2nd grade (aggression, anxious solitude, and prosocial behavior) to victimization across 2nd to 8th grade...
May 29, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547821/effects-of-sleep-on-substance-use-in-adolescents-a-longitudinal-perspective
#19
Tam T Nguyen-Louie, Ty Brumback, Matthew J Worley, Ian M Colrain, Georg E Matt, Lindsay M Squeglia, Susan F Tapert
Substance use (SU) and sleep problems appear interrelated, but few studies have examined the influence of adolescent sleep patterns on development of SU disorders. This study prospectively examined the influence of sleep habits on subsequent SU in youth who later transitioned into heavy drinking. At time 1 (T1), participants (n = 95) were substance-naive 12- to 14-year-olds. Path-analytic models examined whether the effects of T1 risk factors (familial SU disorder, inhibition control, and externalizing and internalizing traits) on time 3 (M = 19...
May 26, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545574/initiating-change-locally-in-bullying-and-aggression-through-the-school-environment-inclusive-trial-update-to-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#20
Chris Bonell, Anne Mathiot, Elizabeth Allen, Leonardo Bevilacqua, Deborah Christie, Diana Elbourne, Adam Fletcher, Richard Grieve, Rosa Legood, Stephen Scott, Emily Warren, Meg Wiggins, Russell M Viner
BACKGROUND: Systematic reviews suggest that multi-component interventions are effective in reducing bullying victimisation and perpetration. We are undertaking a phase III randomised trial of the INCLUSIVE multi-component intervention. This trial aims to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of the INCLUSIVE intervention in reducing aggression and bullying victimisation in English secondary schools. This paper updates the original trial protocol published in 2014 (Trials 15:381, 2014) and presents the changes in the process evaluation protocol and the secondary outcome data collection...
May 25, 2017: Trials
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