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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220340/preventing-youth-from-falling-through-the-cracks-between-child-adolescent-and-adult-mental-health-services-a-systematic-review-of-models-of-care
#1
Tram Nguyen, Mark G Embrett, Neil G Barr, Gillian M Mulvale, Diana K Vania, Glen E Randall, Briano DiRezze
Optimizing the transition between child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) and adult mental health services (AMHS) is a priority for healthcare systems. The purpose of this systematic review is to: (1) identify and compare models of care that may be used to facilitate the transition from CAMHS to AMHS; and (2) discuss trends and implications to inform future research and practice. Results identified three models of care which move beyond healthcare services and incorporate a broader range of services that better meet the dynamic needs of transition-aged youth...
February 20, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182468/public-provision-of-postsecondary-education-for-transition-age-youth-with-mental-health-conditions
#2
Todd C Honeycutt, Priyanka Anand, Max Rubinstein, Steven N Stern
OBJECTIVE: We examine the role of state vocational rehabilitation (VR) agencies (SVRA) in providing postsecondary education support to transition-age youth with and without mental health conditions (MHC) to provide insights into who receives such supports and the association between the receipt of postsecondary education support and successful VR exits. METHOD: We used data from SVRA administrative records (fiscal years 2002 through 2013) for a secondary analytical approach that relied on descriptive and regression methods, resulting in the identification of 436,883 VR youth clients who applied from 2002 to 2004...
February 9, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181884/implementing-a-udl-framework-a-study-of-current-personnel-preparation-practices
#3
LaRon A Scott, Colleen A Thoma, Lauren Puglia, Peter Temple, Allison D'Aguilar
Young adults with intellectual disability (ID) continue to experience the least successful postschool outcomes among transition-aged youth ( Sanford et al., 2011 ). Experts disagree on the most effective approach to improve outcomes such as employment, postsecondary education, and community living. In 2015, the National Goals Conference brought together educational researchers to set an agenda to guide the field in terms of research, practice, and policy ( Thoma, Cain, & Walther-Thomas, 2015 ). One of their recommendations, based on promising research and practices, urged the field to identify effective personnel preparation and professional development practices that ensure general and special educators can implement a UDL framework ( Thoma, Cain, et al...
February 2017: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177720/free-sugar-total-sugar-fibre-and-micronutrient-intake-within-elite-youth-british-soccer-players-a-nutritional-transition-from-schoolboy-to-fulltime-soccer-player
#4
Robert J Naughton, Barry Drust, Andy O'Boyle, Julie Abayomi, Elizabeth Mahon, James P Morton, Ian G Davies
It is recommended that soccer players consume a high carbohydrate (CHO) diet to augment performance. However, growing evidence suggests that there is a link between high free-sugar (FS) intake (>5% total energy intake; TEI) and metabolic diseases. Furthermore, foods that are often high in sugar, such as processed foods, are typically lacking in nutrient quality. We therefore analysed total- and FS, dietary fibre and micronutrient intake of players from an English Premier League academy under(U) 18 (n=13); U15/16 (n=25); U13/14 (n=21) using a 7-day food diary...
January 10, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177592/predictors-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-outcomes-in-young-adults-after-transition-from-pediatric-care
#5
Alassaf Abeer, Gharaibeh Lubna, Grant Christina, Punthakee Zubin
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes is a common chronic disease. Poor health outcomes are often noted after transfer to adult health care. It is important to determine the predictors of such outcomes to decrease the morbidity and mortality. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients followed ≥1year pre-transfer and ≥1 year post-transfer to adult care in a Canadian tertiary diabetes center. Data including demographics, education, comorbidity and pediatric diabetes management-related factors were analyzed as possible independent predictors of adult HbA1c, number of adult diabetes-related hospitalization and clinic visits...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170406/youth-as-contested-sites-of-culture-the-intergenerational-acculturation-gap-amongst-new-migrant-communities-parental-and-young-adult-perspectives
#6
Andre M N Renzaho, Nidhi Dhingra, Nichole Georgeou
BACKGROUND: Immigration often results in changes in family dynamics, and within this process of dynamic relational adjustment youth can be conceptualised as contested sites of culture and associated intergenerational conflicts. This paper considers the experiences of migrant youth in Greater Western Sydney, New South Wales, Australia using conflict as a useful lens through which to view issues of migrant youth identity and their sense of social connectedness, belonging, and agency. The aim of this study was twofold: 1) to explore how migrant youth cope with acculturative stress and intergenerational conflicts, and 2) to better understand the systemic and family-related factors that facilitate positive settlement experiences for migrant youth...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159138/working-toward-family-attunement-family-therapy-with-transgender-and-gender-nonconforming-children-and-adolescents
#7
REVIEW
Deborah Coolhart, Daran L Shipman
Families of transgender and gender-nonconforming youth often seek therapy for assistance in understanding, accepting, and supporting their child. This article describes a gender-affirmative approach to family therapy and outlines strategies for addressing common challenges faced by the families of transgender and gender-nonconforming youth. Therapy begins by assessing family attunement and working with parents, siblings, and other family members to better support the youth. Once family attunement is achieved, therapy can begin to explore options for gender expression and/or transition...
March 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151835/predictors-of-the-transition-from-acute-to-persistent-musculoskeletal-pain-in-children-and-adolescents-a-prospective-study
#8
Amy Lewandowski Holley, Anna C Wilson, Tonya M Palermo
Strategies directed at the prevention of disabling pain have been suggested as a public health priority, making early identification of youth at risk for poor outcomes critical. At present, limited information is available to predict which youth presenting with acute pain are at risk for persistence. The aims of this prospective longitudinal study were to identify biopsychosocial factors in the acute period that predict the transition to persistent pain in youth with new-onset musculoskeletal (MSK) pain complaints...
December 22, 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143467/examination-of-youth-sexual-and-reproductive-health-transitions-in-nigeria-and-kenya-using-longitudinal-data
#9
Ilene S Speizer, David Guilkey, Lisa M Calhoun, Meghan Corroon, Rick O'Hara
BACKGROUND: The adolescent (ages 15-19) and young adult (ages 20-24) years are a crucial time as many sexual and reproductive health (SRH) transitions take place in these years. The study of youth SRH transitions in sub-Saharan Africa is limited due to a paucity of longitudinal data needed to examine the timing and circumstances of these transitions. METHODS: This paper uses recently collected longitudinal data from select urban areas in Kenya and Nigeria that include a large youth sample at baseline (2010/2011) and endline (2014)...
January 31, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135019/acute-stress-disorder-and-the-transition-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-prevalence-course-prognosis-diagnostic-suitability-and-risk-markers
#10
Richard Meiser-Stedman, Anna McKinnon, Clare Dixon, Adrian Boyle, Patrick Smith, Tim Dalgleish
BACKGROUND: Early recovery from trauma exposure in youth is poorly understood. This prospective longitudinal study examined the early course of traumatic stress responses in recently trauma-exposed youth, evaluated the revised DSM-5 acute stress disorder (ASD) and PTSD diagnoses and alternative diagnoses, and identified risk factors for persistent traumatic stress. METHOD: Participants were 8- to 17-year-old emergency departments attendees exposed to single incident traumas...
January 30, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133361/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-impact-of-childhood-stress-on-weight-status-among-chinese-youth
#11
H C Tanenbaum, Y Li, J Q Felicitas-Perkins, M Zhang, P Palmer, C A Johnson, B Xie
Limited research has explored longitudinal impact of stress on negative health outcomes including overweight and obesity in Asian societies. Using data from a longitudinal school-based health promotion study conducted in Wuhan, China from 1999-2004, this study investigated the longitudinal effects of childhood stress exposure including stressors related to school, family, peers, violence, and health on overweight and obesity risk during the transition to adolescence among 2179 Chinese adolescents. Results showed that health stressors were consistently related to higher BMI Z score for both boys and girls baseline, it also predicted higher likelihood of overweight status over time for girls...
January 30, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125984/the-youth-mental-health-risk-and-resilience-study-your-study
#12
Peter J Uhlhaas, Ruchika Gajwani, Joachim Gross, Andrew I Gumley, Stephen M Lawrie, Matthias Schwannauer
BACKGROUND: The transition from adolescence to adulthood is associated with the emergence of psychosis and other mental health problems, highlighting the importance of this developmental period for the understanding of developing psychopathology and individual differences in risk and resilience. The Youth Mental Health Risk and Resilience Study (YouR-Study) aims to identify neurobiological mechanisms and predictors of psychosis-risk with a state-of-the-art neuroimaging approach (Magnetoencephalography, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Magnetic Resonance Imaging) in combination with core psychological processes, such as affect regulation and attachment, that have been implicated in the development and maintenance of severe mental health problems...
January 26, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121255/exploring-parents-perceptions-and-how-physiotherapy-supports-transition-from-rehabilitation-to-school-for-youth-with-an-abi
#13
Tracy Lee, Andrea Norton, Sue Hayes, Keith Adamson, Heidi Schwellnus, Cathy Evans
AIMS: To explore parents' perceptions of their youth's transition from rehabilitation to school following an Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) and how physiotherapy influenced the youth's participation and physical function during the transition. METHODS: The study utilized phenomenological qualitative methodology using semi-structured interviews with 11 parents of youth 10 to 18 years of age recruited from one pediatric rehabilitation hospital in Ontario. Each interview was audiotaped, transcribed verbatim, and thematically analyzed...
January 25, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120160/the-effects-of-continuities-in-parent-and-peer-aggression-on-relational-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-transition-to-young-adulthood
#14
Bonnie J Leadbeater, Paweena Sukhawathanakul, Brett Holfeld, Jeffery R Temple
Past research suggests that exposure to parent psychological control and peer relational aggression and victimization experienced during adolescence is associated with relational intimate partner violence (IPV) in young adults (ages 22 to 29). However, the effects of continuities in these concerns across young adulthood have not been assessed. Relational IPV is characterized by behaviors intended to damage partner's emotional well-being and security in a romantic relationship (e.g., threatening to break up, purposefully ignoring, or causing jealousy)...
January 24, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117057/mental-health-and-self-worth-in-socially-transitioned-transgender-youth
#15
Lily Durwood, Katie A McLaughlin, Kristina R Olson
OBJECTIVE: Social transitions are increasingly common for transgender children. A social transition involves a child presenting to other people as a member of the "opposite" gender in all contexts (e.g., wearing clothes and using pronouns of that gender). Little is known about the well-being of socially transitioned transgender children. This study examined self-reported depression, anxiety, and self-worth in socially transitioned transgender children compared with 2 control groups: age- and gender-matched controls and siblings of transgender children...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117053/transgender-youth-the-building-evidence-base-for-early-social-transition
#16
EDITORIAL
Jack L Turban
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115555/use-and-perceived-risk-of-electronic-cigarettes-among-north-carolina-middle-and-high-school-students
#17
Coral X Giovacchini, Lauren Pacek, F Joseph McClernon, Loretta G Que
PURPOSE: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use continues to rise among adolescents, but little is known regarding their risk perceptions of e-cigarette use. We aimed to describe the lifetime use and perceived risk of e-cigarette use in the context of other risk-taking behaviors among adolescents in North Carolina. METHODS: Data were derived from the 2015 North Carolina Youth Risk Behavior Survey, which was administered to 503 middle school and 444 high school students in the Chapel Hill-Carrboro public school district...
January 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110109/transitions-and-turning-points-revisited-a-replication-to-explore-child-maltreatment-and-youth-offending-links-within-and-across-australian-cohorts
#18
Emily Hurren, Anna Stewart, Susan Dennison
In this study we examined the consistency of life-course child maltreatment trajectories and youth offending links across birth cohorts. In so doing we demonstrated the value of replication studies for maltreatment research. We applied the methodology of Stewart et al. (2008) and linked population-based (1990 birth cohort) child protection and youth justice administrative data from Queensland, Australia. We performed a group based trajectory analysis to identify distinct maltreatment trajectory groups distinguishable by maltreatment timing and frequency across the life-course...
January 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109181/stability-of-alcohol-use-and-teen-dating-violence-for-female-youth-a-latent-transition-analysis
#19
Hye Jeong Choi, JoAnna Elmquist, Ryan C Shorey, Emily F Rothman, Gregory L Stuart, Jeff R Temple
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol use is one of the most widely accepted and studied risk factors for teen dating violence (TDV). Too little research has explored longitudinally if it is true that an adolescent's alcohol use and TDV involvement simultaneously occur. In the current study, we examined whether there were latent status based on past-year TDV and alcohol use and whether female adolescents changed their statuses of TDV and alcohol use over time. METHODS: The sample consisted of 583 female youths in seven public high schools in Texas...
January 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106721/exercise-induced-oxidative-stress-responses-in-the-pediatric-population
#20
REVIEW
Alexandra Avloniti, Athanasios Chatzinikolaou, Chariklia K Deli, Dimitris Vlachopoulos, Luis Gracia-Marco, Diamanda Leontsini, Dimitrios Draganidis, Athanasios Z Jamurtas, George Mastorakos, Ioannis G Fatouros
Adults demonstrate an upregulation of their pro- and anti-oxidant mechanisms in response to acute exercise while systematic exercise training enhances their antioxidant capacity, thereby leading to a reduced generation of free radicals both at rest and in response to exercise stress. However, less information exists regarding oxidative stress responses and the underlying mechanisms in the pediatric population. Evidence suggests that exercise-induced redox perturbations may be valuable in order to monitor exercise-induced inflammatory responses and as such training overload in children and adolescents as well as monitor optimal growth and development...
January 17, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
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