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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334473/history-of-being-in-government-care-associated-with-younger-age-at-injection-initiation-among-a-cohort-of-street-involved-youth
#1
Brittany Barker, Thomas Kerr, Huiru Dong, Evan Wood, Kora DeBeck
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Compared to the general population of youth, health-related disparities experienced by youth exposed to the child welfare system are well documented. Amongst these vulnerabilities are elevated rates of substance use, including injection drug use; however, less is known about when these youth transition to this high-risk behaviour. We sought to assess whether having a history of government care is associated with initiating injection drug use before age 18. DESIGN AND METHODS: Between September 2005 and May 2014, data were derived from the At-Risk Youth Study, a cohort of street-involved youth who use illicit drugs in Vancouver, Canada...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332136/new-evidence-against-a-causal-marriage-wage-premium
#2
Alexandra Killewald, Ian Lundberg
Recent research has shown that men's wages rise more rapidly than expected prior to marriage, but interpretations diverge on whether this indicates selection or a causal effect of anticipating marriage. We seek to adjudicate this debate by bringing together literatures on (1) the male marriage wage premium; (2) selection into marriage based on men's economic circumstances; and (3) the transition to adulthood, during which both union formation and unusually rapid improvements in work outcomes often occur. Using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, we evaluate these perspectives...
March 22, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318760/from-undocumented-to-lawfully-present-do-changes-to-legal-status-impact-psychological-wellbeing-among-latino-immigrant-young-adults
#3
Caitlin Patler, Whitney Laster Pirtle
Exclusionary immigration policies, as a form of structural racism, have led to a sizeable undocumented population that is largely barred from access to resources in the United States. Existing research suggests that undocumented immigration status detrimentally impacts mobility, yet few studies have tested the impacts of legal status on psychological wellbeing. Most importantly, we know little about how changes to legal status impact wellbeing. Announced in 2012, the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program allows eligible undocumented youth to apply for temporary lawful status...
March 9, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318309/the-moderating-effect-of-risk-exposure-on-an-efficacious-intervention-for-maltreated-children
#4
Lindsey M Weiler, Heather N Taussig
The current study extends research on the impact of the Fostering Healthy Futures program (Taussig & Culhane, 2010), a 9-month mentoring and skills group preventive intervention for maltreated children, by examining whether the effect of Fostering Healthy Futures is moderated by children's baseline risk exposure (i.e., number of adverse childhood experiences). Participants included 156 racially and ethnically diverse children (ages 9-11, 50.7% female) recently placed in foster care due to maltreatment who were randomized to intervention or control conditions...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318289/parental-social-coaching-promotes-adolescent-peer-acceptance-across-the-middle-school-transition
#5
Kim D Gregson, Kelly M Tu, Stephen A Erath, Gregory S Pettit
The present study investigated longitudinal associations between behavioral and cognitive dimensions of parental social coaching (i.e., advice about how to behave or think about peer challenges) and young adolescents' peer acceptance, and whether such associations are moderated by youths' social skills. Time 1 (T1) participants included 123 young adolescents (M age = 12.03 years; 50% boys; 58.5% European American). Parents gave open-ended reports about their social coaching to hypothetical peer stress scenarios, which were coded from low to high quality on behavioral and cognitive dimensions...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315578/longitudinal-sleep-phenotypes-among-offspring-of-bipolar-parents-and-community-controls
#6
Jessica C Levenson, Adriane Soehner, Brian Rooks, Tina R Goldstein, Rasim Diler, John Merranko, David Axelson, Ben I Goldstein, David A Brent, Danella Hafeman, Mary Beth Hickey, Kelly Monk, Dara Sakolsky, David J Kupfer, Boris Birmaher
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are a prominent feature of bipolar disorder (BP). However, it remains unclear how sleep phenotypes may evolve among at-risk youth, and their relevance to BP onset. METHODS: Pittsburgh Bipolar Offspring Study (BIOS) offspring (ages 10-18) and their parents completed assessments approximately every two years pertaining to current psychopathology and offspring sleep habits. A latent transition analysis (LTA) identified latent sleep groups within offspring based on their ratings of six sleep domains using the School Sleep Habits Survey...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315158/childhood-family-structure-and-intergenerational-income-mobility-in-the-united-states
#7
Deirdre Bloome
The declining prevalence of two-parent families helped increase income inequality over recent decades. Does family structure also condition how economic (dis)advantages pass from parents to children? If so, shifts in the organization of family life may contribute to enduring inequality between groups defined by childhood family structure. Using National Longitudinal Survey of Youth data, I combine parametric and nonparametric methods to reveal how family structure moderates intergenerational income mobility in the United States...
March 17, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314464/transitional-age-youth-and-mental-illness-influences-on-young-adult-outcomes
#8
EDITORIAL
Adele Martel, D Catherine Fuchs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314461/transition-to-adult-health-care-services-for-young-adults-with-chronic-medical-illness-and-psychiatric-comorbidity
#9
REVIEW
Margaret McManus, Patience White
This article provides national data on the lack of transition preparation among youth with special health care needs, including those with emotional, behavioral, and developmental conditions. Consumer and provider transition barriers pertaining to inadequate transition support are summarized. In addition, current US transition goals are presented along with health professional recommendations on transition. The Six Core Elements of Health Care Transition, which are aligned with professional recommendations, are reviewed with practice-based lessons learned from quality improvement efforts...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314460/schizophrenia-and-psychosis-diagnosis-current-research-trends-and-model-treatment-approaches-with-implications-for-transitional-age-youth
#10
REVIEW
Vivien Chan
This article reviews the current state of diagnosis and treatment of schizophrenia, describing the recent proliferation of research in high-risk psychosis spectrum conditions, which are different from childhood-onset and early onset schizophrenia, and findings of psychotic-like experiences in the normal population. Taken from adult and childhood literature, clinical quandaries in accurate diagnosis, and treatment gaps in co-occurring, or sometimes confounding, conditions are discussed. Thoughts on the impact of schizophrenia on an emerging adulthood trajectory are offered...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314458/facilitating-transition-from-high-school-and-special-education-to-adult-life-focus-on-youth-with-learning-disorders-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-speech-language-impairments
#11
REVIEW
Lee I Ascherman, Julia Shaftel
Youth with learning disorders, speech/language disorders, and/or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder may experience significant struggles during the transition from high school to postsecondary education and employment. These disorders often occur in combination or concurrently with behavioral and emotional difficulties. Incomplete evaluation may not fully identify the factors underlying academic and personal challenges. This article reviews these disorders, the role of special education law for transitional age youth in public schools, and the Americans with Disabilities Act in postsecondary educational and employment settings...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314457/transitional-age-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-questioning-youth-issues-of-diversity-integrated-identities-and-mental-health
#12
REVIEW
Scott M Rodgers
Although most LGBTQ youth become healthy young adults, they often face considerable stress over the course of their lives because of bullying, victimization, and overt/covert discrimination. Families, educational and religious institutions, health care professionals, and communities help shape the experience of LGBTQ transitional age youth. LGBTQ youth have higher rates of depression, suicide, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, alcohol and drug use, and preventable sexually transmitted diseases. When best practice guidelines are followed and key stakeholders take action to support LGBTQ youth, health disparities begin to disappear...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314456/transitioning-to-adulthood-from-foster-care
#13
REVIEW
Terry Lee, Wynne Morgan
Transitional age foster youth do not typically receive the types of family supports their nonfoster peers enjoy. Many foster youth experience multiple adversities and often fare worse than nonfoster peers on long-term functional outcomes. Governments increasingly recognize their responsibility to act as parents for state dependents transitioning to adulthood and the need to provide services to address social/emotional supports, living skills, finances, housing, education, employment, and physical and mental health...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314455/multicultural-developmental-experiences-implications-for-resilience-in-transitional-age-youth
#14
REVIEW
Deborah Rivas-Drake, Gabriela Livas Stein
Transitional age youth were born into a world that is becomingly increasingly diverse. Youth who are ethnic or racial minorities encounter cultural stressors, including acculturative stress and discrimination that undermine their health and mental health. Decades of research demonstrate that cultural assets can serve as risk-reducing and resilience-enhancing mechanisms among minority and immigrant youth. Cultural assets include the development of a healthy ethnic-racial identity and maintenance of cultural values...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314454/challenges-and-gaps-in-understanding-substance-use-problems-in-transitional-age-youth
#15
REVIEW
Oscar G Bukstein
Transitional age youth (TAY), developing from adolescence to adulthood, exhibit the highest level of alcohol and other drug use of any other age group. Risk factors mirror those for the development of problems and disorders in adolescents. Early screening of both college students and noncollege high-risk TAY in the community is critical to early and effective intervention. Brief interventions using motivational techniques are effective for many TAY, particularly for those in early stages of problem use on college campuses...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314453/proximal-influences-on-the-trajectory-of-suicidal-behaviors-and-suicide-during-the-transition-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#16
REVIEW
Aradhana Bela Sood, Julie Linker
Youth transitioning to adulthood have unique developmental tasks that make them vulnerable to suicide. Brain development, life stressors, and psychological adjustments during the transition contribute to a high rate of suicidal gestures. To reduce the incidence of self-harm in this age group, a public health approach that identifies and reduces risk factors and enhances protective factors should be used. Institutions and employment arenas should consider structural supports to facilitate this transition of youth into adulthood, with a particular focus on youth with self-harm thoughts, and should provide education about suicide, evidence-based resources, and intervention programs to encourage help seeking...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314452/social-media-as-it-interfaces-with-psychosocial-development-and-mental-illness-in-transitional-age-youth
#17
REVIEW
Brian A Primack, C├ęsar G Escobar-Viera
For transitional age individuals, social media (SM) is an integral component of connecting with others. There are 2 billion SM users worldwide. SM users may experience an increase in perceived social support and life satisfaction. Use of SM may facilitate forming connections among people with potentially stigmatizing mental disorders. However, epidemiologic studies suggest that increased SM use is associated with conditions such as depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbance. Future research should examine directionality of these associations and the role of contextual factors...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314451/involving-parents-family-in-treatment-during-the-transition-from-late-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-rationale-strategies-ethics-and-legal-issues
#18
REVIEW
Cecilia M W Livesey, Anthony L Rostain
The progression from adolescence to adulthood is a time of tremendous change, characterized by issues of identity formation, autonomy, and shifting relationship dynamics. The family is embedded in all aspects of this transition and serves as both a protective support and a limiting factor, a complicated duality that raises psychological, ethical, and legal issues. This article discusses the influence of familial factors and provides assessment strategies for evaluating the family in relation to treatment of transitional age youth...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314450/conceptualization-of-success-in-young-adulthood
#19
REVIEW
Maryland Pao
Successful transition from childhood to adulthood is context and culture dependent. This article reviews concepts of mental health and theoretic constructs of successful adulthood that suggest intentional policies and practices are developed with a specific vision of success. Parents, educators, mental health professionals, and policymakers need to be cognizant of their assumptions and essential roles in these processes. The early development of illness may disrupt and alter the timelines of different developmental milestones and trajectories...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314449/aligning-mental-health-treatments-with-the-developmental-stage-and-needs-of-late-adolescents-and-young-adults
#20
REVIEW
Brian Skehan, Maryann Davis
Transitional age youth (TAY) are in a discrete developmental stage, different from both adolescents and mature adults. Serious mental illness can result in their delayed psychosocial development and morbidity. Systemic, provider, and individual barriers result in poor access to care for these youth, potentially impeding their transition to mature adulthood. Current strategies for TAY treatment include patient centered care, vocational and educational support, and shared decision making. There is a paucity of evidence-based practices to effectively treat this population or provide practice guidelines...
April 2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America
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