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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527097/the-flexibility-scale-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-a-cognitive-flexibility-measure-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#1
John F Strang, Laura G Anthony, Benjamin E Yerys, Kristina K Hardy, Gregory L Wallace, Anna C Armour, Katerina Dudley, Lauren Kenworthy
Flexibility is a key component of executive function, and is related to everyday functioning and adult outcomes. However, existing informant reports do not densely sample cognitive aspects of flexibility; the Flexibility Scale (FS) was developed to address this gap. This study investigates the validity of the FS in 221 youth with ASD and 57 typically developing children. Exploratory factor analysis indicates a five-factor scale: Routines/rituals, transitions/change, special interests, social flexibility, and generativity...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526485/improving-the-sexual-health-of-young-people-with-mobility-impairments-challenges-and-recommendations
#2
Molly Secor-Turner, Barbara J McMorris, Peter Scal
INTRODUCTION: This mixed-method study (a) describes challenges to providing sexual health services to youth with mobility impairments from the perspective of health care providers and experts and (b) describes and compares sexual health-related experiences of youth with mobility impairments. METHOD: Secondary data analysis of My Path, a study focused on the transition to adulthood for youth with mobility impairments. Using an exploratory sequential design, qualitative data (n = 10) were analyzed using systematic content analysis followed by quantitative analysis of survey data (N = 337)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508249/self-and-peer-identified-victims-in-late-childhood-differences-in-perceptions-of-the-school-ecology
#3
Molly Dawes, Chin-Chih Chen, Thomas W Farmer, Jill V Hamm
Patterns of adjustment for youth victimized by peers vary depending on whether youth are identified as victims through self-reports, peer-reports, or both. In order to provide more targeted strategies that may help mitigate negative consequences associated with specific victimization groups, more information is needed about how these youth perceive their school ecology (bullying and academic ecology), their feelings of school belonging, and their valuing of school. Based on the convergence of self- and peer-reports of victimization, we identified four victim groups from a sample of students in 5th grade classrooms (N = 1360; 52...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506122/examining-transitions-from-youth-to-adult-services-for-young-persons-with-autism
#4
Mathew T Milen, David B Nicholas
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) presents pervasive challenges for individuals throughout their lifetime. Although some financial, community, and individual supports are available for children, there are fewer resources available for adults with ASD, their families, and/or caregivers. It is important to understand the multidimensional shifts associated with the transition from adolescence to adulthood for individuals with ASD. METHODS: To better understand the transitional process, a qualitative study comprised 11 semi-structured interviews with individuals with ASD and their families...
May 16, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498576/a-critique-of-the-ultra-high-risk-and-transition-paradigm
#5
Jim van Os, Sinan Guloksuz
The transdiagnostic expression of psychotic experiences in common mental disorder (anxiety/depression/substance use disorder) is associated with a poorer prognosis, and a small minority of people may indeed develop a clinical picture that meets criteria for schizophrenia. However, it appears neither useful nor valid to observe early states of multidimensional psychopathology in young people through the "schizo"-prism, and apply misleadingly simple, unnecessary and inefficient binary concepts of "risk" and "transition"...
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489226/transition-of-care-for-youth-with-hiv
#6
Mary Ellen Acree
Remarkable advances have been made in the treatment of HIV. Despite progress in reducing perinatal HIV transmission, there is a growing number of adolescents and emerging adults with HIV who will require transfer of care from pediatric to adult providers. Adolescents with HIV have poorer retention in care and viral suppression compared to other age groups with HIV. Barriers to successful care of youth with HIV include mental health disorders, poor medication adherence, socioeconomic instability, and HIV-related stigma...
May 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489223/a-review-of-interventions-aimed-at-facilitating-successful-transition-planning-and-transfer-to-adult-care-among-youth-with-chronic-illness
#7
Jill Weissberg-Benchell, Jenna B Shapiro
This article reviews studies that developed interventions aimed at facilitating the transition process and/or the transfer of youth with chronic illness to adult programs during the past decade. Three key intervention approaches have been studied. Data assessing the impact of transition coordinators suggest that the most successful outcomes occur when coordinators meet with patients prior to the transfer of care, support them as they negotiate the adult programs, and facilitate appointment keeping. Data assessing the impact of transition clinics suggest that the key to positive outcomes is helping patients develop a trusting relationship with the adult providers before fully transferring their care to the adult clinic...
May 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488369/transitioning-from-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-ireland-case-note-review
#8
Mimi Tatlow-Golden, Blanaid Gavin, Niamh McNamara, Swaran Singh, Tamsin Ford, Moli Paul, Walter Cullen, Fiona McNicholas
In a context of international concern about early adult mental health service provision, this study identifies characteristics and service outcomes of young people with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) reaching the child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) transition boundary (TB) in Ireland. The iTRACK study invited all 60 CAMHS teams in Ireland to participate; 8 teams retrospectively identified clinical case files for 62 eligible young people reaching the CAMHS TB in all 4 Health Service Executive Regions...
May 10, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484413/career-preparedness-and-school-achievement-of-portuguese-children-longitudinal-trend-articulations
#9
Íris M Oliveira, Maria do Céu Taveira, Erik J Porfeli
Social Cognitive Career Theory suggests that students' preparedness for the school-to-work transition is a developmental process. Middle school children explore various careers, obtain feedback about their academic progress, and develop career self-efficacy and outcome expectations. These processes advance provisional educational/occupational goals. The literature has suggested articulations between career and academic development and how both vary across demographic characteristics, but longitudinal studies linking these processes are scarce...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477319/transition-of-care-in-congenital-heart-disease-ensuring-the-proper-handoff
#10
REVIEW
Angela Lee, Barbara Bailey, Geraldine Cullen-Dean, Sandra Aiello, Joanne Morin, Erwin Oechslin
BACKGROUND: With great advances in medical and surgical care, most congenital heart disease patients are living in to adulthood and require lifelong surveillance and expert care for adult onset complications. Care lapse and lack of successful transfer from pediatric to adult care put young adults at risk for increased morbidity and premature death. Hence, transition and transfer from pediatric to adult care is a crucial and critical process to provide access to specialized care and lifelong surveillance...
June 2017: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472264/impact-of-a-supportive-housing-program-on-housing-stability-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-new-york-city-young-adults-aging-out-of-foster-care
#11
Sungwoo Lim, Tejinder P Singh, R Charon Gwynn
Former foster youth are at increased risk of housing instability and sexually transmitted infections (STI) during the transitional period following foster care. The authors measured housing stability using sequence analysis and assessed whether a New York City supportive housing program was effective in improving housing stability and reducing STI among former foster youth. Matched administrative records identified 895 former foster youth who were eligible for the housing program in 2007-10. The main outcomes included housing stability (as determined from episodes of homelessness, incarceration, hospitalization, and residence in supportive housing) and diagnosed STI case rates per 1,000 person-years during 2 years after baseline...
May 4, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471275/trait-mindfulness-and-progression-to-injection-use-in-youth-with-opioid-addiction
#12
J Deanna Wilson, Hoa Vo, Pamela Matson, Hoover Adger, Gabriela Barnett, Marc Fishman
BACKGROUND: Many youth initiate opioid misuse with prescription opioids and transition over time to more severe substance-using behaviors, including injection. Trait mindfulness is a potentially protective factor. OBJECTIVES: This is a cross-sectional study characterizing a sample of opioid-using youth by level of mindfulness and examines the potential effect modification of emotion regulation on the relationship between mindfulness and progression to injection opioid use...
May 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466656/discussing-future-goals-and-legal-aspects-of-health-care-essential-steps-in-transitioning-youth-to-adult-oriented-care
#13
Lynn F Davidson, Maya Doyle, Ellen J Silver
Discussing realistic future goals with the adolescent alone and with family, and reviewing legal aspects of health care transition (HCT), are essential steps in the transition from pediatric to adult-oriented care. Secondary analysis of datasets from 2 studies related to HCT assessed differences in provider practice for youth with and without special health care needs (SHCNs). Across both datasets, between 57% and 68.6% of providers reported some discussion of future goals with adolescent or with family. However, only 28...
May 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464958/behavioral-determinants-of-physical-activity-across-the-life-course-a-determinants-of-diet-and-physical-activity-dedipac-umbrella-systematic-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Giancarlo Condello, Anna Puggina, Katina Aleksovska, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Chantal Simon, Donatella Ciarapica, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D'Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio, Sylvia Hansen, Licia Iacoviello, Johann Issartel, Pascal Izzicupo, Lina Jaeschke, Martina Kanning, Aileen Kennedy, Fiona Chun Man Ling, Agnes Luzak, Giorgio Napolitano, Julie-Anne Nazare, Camille Perchoux, Caterina Pesce, Tobias Pischon, Angela Polito, Alessandra Sannella, Holger Schulz, Rhoda Sohun, Astrid Steinbrecher, Wolfgang Schlicht, Walter Ricciardi, Ciaran MacDonncha, Laura Capranica, Stefania Boccia
BACKGROUND: Low levels of physical activity (PA) are a global concern and increasing PA engagement is becoming a priority in current public health policies. Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the behavioral determinants of PA is still inconclusive. Thus, the aim of this umbrella systematic literature review (SLR) was to summarize the evidence on the behavioral determinants of PA across the life course. METHODS: A systematic online search was conducted on MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Scopus, and SPORTDiscus databases...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458170/down-in-the-valley-trajectories-of-injection-initiation-among-young-injectors-in-california-s-central-valley
#15
Jennifer L Syvertsen, Catherine E Paquette, Robin A Pollini
BACKGROUND: Injection drug use initiation represents a critical point of public health intervention, as injection increases risk for blood borne infections including Hepatitis C and HIV. In this paper, we explore pathways to injection initiation among youth (≤30) in the rural context of California's Central Valley, where rates of injection drug use are among the highest in the nation. METHODS: We draw on semi-structured qualitative interviews with 20 young injectors to examine drug use histories, including the factors that participants associated with their transition to injection drug use...
April 27, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451941/peer-exclusion-during-the-pubertal-transition-the-role-of-social-competence
#16
Rona Carter, Amira Halawah, Sarah L Trinh
For some youth, early puberty is accompanied by peer exclusion. Yet early developers may experience less peer exclusion if they have social competence, which would bolster their ability to develop and maintain positive relationships with their peers. Accordingly, the present study tests whether pubertal timing and tempo predicts decrements in children's social competence and whether decrements in social competence account for associations between puberty (timing and tempo) and peer exclusion over time. Longitudinal data were drawn from 1364 families (48% female; 76% White; M = 9...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442223/diurnal-cortisol-after-early-institutional-care-age-matters
#17
Jessica E Flannery, Laurel J Gabard-Durnam, Mor Shapiro, Bonnie Goff, Christina Caldera, Jennifer Louie, Dylan G Gee, Eva H Telzer, Kathryn L Humphreys, Daniel S Lumian, Nim Tottenham
Several studies have shown that young children who have experienced early caregiving adversity (e.g. previously institutionalization (PI)) exhibit flattened diurnal cortisol slopes; however, less is known about how these patterns might differ between children and adolescents, since the transition between childhood and adolescence is a time of purported plasticity in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. PI youth experience a massive improvement in caregiving environment once adopted into families; therefore we anticipated that a developmental increase in HPA axis plasticity during adolescence might additionally allow for an enhanced enrichment effect by the adoptive family...
March 21, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439741/effect-of-victimization-on-impulse-control-and-binge-drinking-among-serious-juvenile-offenders-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood
#18
Jordan P Davis, Tara M Dumas, Benjamin L Berey, Gabriel J Merrin, Joseph R Cimpian, Brent W Roberts
A vast literature has found longitudinal effects of early life stress on substance use and self-regulatory processes. These associations may vary by period-specific development among youth involved in the juvenile justice system. The current study used an accelerated longitudinal design and auto-regressive latent trajectory with structure residuals (ALT-SR) model to examine the within-person cross-lagged associations between binge drinking, impulse control, and victimization from 15 to 25 years of age. A large sample (N = 1100) of justice-involved youth were followed longitudinally for 7 years (M age baseline  = 15...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439410/the-mental-health-of-unemployed-brussels-youth-the-role-of-social-and-material-resources
#19
Kelly Huegaerts, Vanessa Puig-Barrachina, Christophe Vanroelen
BACKGROUND: In the aftermath of the 2008 Great Recession, youth unemployment rates in the Brussels Capital Region (BCR) increased. The aim of this study is firstly to investigate the evolution of the mental health gap between employed and unemployed youth and secondly to examine the association of material and social resources with mental health of youth entering the labour market in the BCR. METHODS: Two data sources are used to answer the research questions: the Belgian Health Interview Survey (HIS) data (1997 to 2013; 18- to 29-year-olds; N = 5,562), and the authors' own primary data collection among Brussels youth in the transition from education to employment (2015; 18- to 29-year-olds; N = 1,151; BCR-sample)...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439357/resident-dyads-providing-transition-care-to-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-chronic-illnesses-and-neurodevelopmental-disabilities
#20
Richard J Chung, Joan Jasien, Gary R Maslow
BACKGROUND: Youth with special health care needs often experience difficulty transitioning from pediatric to adult care. These difficulties may derive in part from lack of physician training in transition care and the challenges health care providers experience establishing interdisciplinary partnerships to support these patients. OBJECTIVE: This educational innovation sought to improve pediatrics and adult medicine residents' interdisciplinary communication and collaboration...
April 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
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