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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457995/validation-of-a-brazilian-portuguese-version-of-the-transition-readiness-assessment-questionnaire-traq-in-a-population-of-transitional-youth-with-chronic-rheumatologic-disorders
#1
Catherine G Anelli, Claudio A Len, Maria T Terreri, Gleice C S Russo, Andreas O Reiff
OBJECTIVE: To translate and validate the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Transition Readiness Assessment Questionnaire in a population of adolescents and young adults with chronic rheumatologic disorders. This questionnaire evaluates the patient's readiness for making the transition from the pediatric health service to adult care. METHODS: The four-phase methodology for the translation and validation of generic questionnaires was followed, including translation, back-translation, pilot testing and clinical validation of the final tool...
February 16, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455865/kin-networks-and-mobility-in-the-transition-to-adulthood
#2
Janel E Benson, Anastassia Bougakova
Family support is critical for launching youth into successful adult lives. Although studies have documented the association between family support and success in the transition to young adulthood, existing work focuses primarily on parental support, giving little attention to extended kin. This narrow definition of family may miss critical exchanges of support, especially among low-income families. Drawing on panel survey data (n=450) and in-depth interviews (n=52) with young women from the Philadelphia Educational Longitudinal Study, this study expands our understanding of family support in the transition to adulthood by examining young adults' kin networks and the types of support and resources embedded within these networks...
2018: Advances in Child Development and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455745/identifying-diverse-life-transition-patterns-from-adolescence-to-young-adulthood-the-influence-of-early-socioeconomic-context
#3
Tae Kyoung Lee, Kandauda A S Wickrama, Catherine Walker O'Neal, Guillermo Prado
The purposes of the present study are to investigate: (1) the heterogeneity in life transition patterns of youth from adolescence to young adulthood (ages 18-30) involving the timing and sequence of four transition events (college graduation, full-time employment, marriage, and parenthood), (2) the influence of early socioeconomic adversity on life transition patterns from adolescence to young adulthood, and (3) the influence of gender and race/ethnicity on these transition patterns. Using a multivariate discrete-time mixture survival model with a sample of 14,503 adolescents from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), the study identified four life transition patterns and found that early socioeconomic adversity shapes disrupted life transition patterns from adolescence to young adulthood...
February 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454263/homeless-youth-barriers-and-facilitators-for-service-referrals
#4
Emma B Black, Izabela E Fedyszyn, Helen Mildred, Rhianna Perkin, Richard Lough, Peter Brann, Cheryl Ritter
Young people who are homeless and experiencing mental health issues are reluctant to use relevant services for numerous reasons. Youth are also at risk of disengaging from services at times of referral to additional or alternative services. This study aimed to identify barriers and facilitators for inter-service referrals for homeless youth with mental health issues who have already engaged with a service. Qualitative, semi-structured interviews were conducted with homeless youth (n = 10), homelessness support workers (n = 10), and mental health clinicians (n = 10)...
February 10, 2018: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452385/longitudinal-tobacco-use-transitions-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-2014-2016
#5
Elizabeth C Hair, Alexa R Romberg, Raymond Niaura, David B Abrams, Morgane A Bennett, Haijun Xiao, Jessica M Rath, Lindsay Pitzer, Donna Vallone
Introduction: Among youth, the frequency and prevalence of using more than one tobacco (small cigar, cigarette, and hookah) or nicotine-containing product (e-cigarettes-ENDS) are changing. These shifts pose challenges for regulation, intervention, and prevention campaigns because of scant longitudinal data on the stability of use patterns in this changing product landscape. Methods: A nationally representative longitudinal survey of 15- to 21-year olds (n = 15,275) was used to describe transitions between never use, noncurrent use, and past 30-day use of combustible tobacco, e-cigarettes (ENDS), and dual use of both kinds of products...
February 13, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451328/change-and-stability-of-emotional-health-of-rural-pennsylvania-youth-during-high-school
#6
Donghui Wang, Annelise DeJong Hagedorn, Diane K McLaughlin, Bethany C Bray
PURPOSE: Few prior studies have examined change in emotional health of high school students in a rural context. Considering the multifaceted nature of emotional health, this research aims to identify the patterns and explore change and stability of the emotional health of rural Pennsylvania youth. It also investigates the influence of family, peers, school, and the community environment on rural adolescents' emotional health. METHODS: Using panel data from the Rural Youth Education Project, we employed latent transition analysis to examine changes in patterns of rural students' self-reported emotional health from 9 th grade to 11 th grade (N = 1,294)...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447616/predictors-of-positive-youth-development-in-first-year-college-students
#7
Sarah E Brewer, Nicole Nicotera, Chrisopher Veeh, Julie Anne Laser-Maira
OBJECTIVE: Emerging adulthood is an important phase in the transition to adulthood. Emerging adults experience minimal social control and incomplete development of executive functioning leaving this age-group at risk for misusing this newfound independence. Hence, it is important to understand pathways to support positive development (PD) outcomes. In this study, we examined the relationship between participation in civically engaged learning and PD among first-year college students. PARTICIPANTS: First-year college students (N = 225) were surveyed during the 2012-2013 academic year...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445982/care-coordination-empowering-families-a-promising-practice-to-facilitate-medical-home-use-among-children-and-youth-with-special-health-care-needs
#8
Lisa Gorman Ufer, Julie A Moore, Kristen Hawkins, Gina Gembel, David N Entwistle, David Hoffman
Introduction This paper describes the care coordination training program and results of an evaluation from its pilot in seven states. Despite the importance of practice-based care coordination, only 42.3% of children with special health care needs (CYSHCN) met all needed components of care coordination as defined by the Maternal Child Health Bureau. Recognizing that children with medically complex conditions often have lower rates of achieving care coordination within a medical home, the Region 4 Midwest Genetics Collaborative worked with families to develop a training to empower families in care coordination...
February 14, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441662/differential-vocational-rehabilitation-service-patterns-and-outcomes-for-transition-age-youth-with-autism
#9
Cahit Kaya, Cheryl Hanley-Maxwell, Fong Chan, Timothy Tansey
BACKGROUND: It is important to investigate receipt of vocational rehabilitation (VR) services, service patterns and outcomes for youth with autism, so that limited public resources can be used more efficiently. METHOD: This study used chi-squared automatic interaction detector, and multivariate logistic regression analysis to investigate relationships between demographic variables, receipt of VR services and employment outcomes for transition-age youth (TAY) with Autism...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441653/cognitive-control-under-stressful-conditions-in-transitional-age-youth-with-bipolar-disorder-diagnostic-and-sleep-related-differences-in-fronto-limbic-activation-patterns
#10
Adriane M Soehner, Tina R Goldstein, Sarah M Gratzmiller, Mary L Phillips, Peter L Franzen
OBJECTIVES: Adults with bipolar disorder (BD) display aberrant activation in fronto-limbic neural circuitry during cognitive control. However, fronto-limbic response to cognitive control, and factors destabilizing this circuitry, remain under-studied during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood in BD. Sleep patterns are disturbed in BD, undergo change in adolescence, and support brain function. Among transitional age youth, BD diagnosis and sleep (duration and variability) were tested as predictors of fronto-limbic response to a stressful cognitive control task...
February 13, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439586/pulling-back-the-curtain-issues-in-conducting-an-intervention-study-with-transition-aged-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-their-families
#11
Meghan M Burke, Sydney N Waitz-Kudla, Carol Rabideau, Julie Lounds Taylor, Robert M Hodapp
The transition from high school to adulthood is difficult for youth with autism spectrum disorder and their families. Recognizing these challenges, there is a small but emerging body of literature testing interventions to improve the transition process. But there are many challenges in performing intervention research that have yet to be fully addressed. We discuss issues that should be considered when conducting interventions with individuals with autism spectrum disorder to improve the transition to adulthood, drawing from our study of a parent training to facilitate access to adult services during the transition years...
February 1, 2018: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432247/transition-from-pediatric-to-adult-neurologic-care
#12
Ann H Tilton, Claudio Melo de Gusmao
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With advances in medical care, the number of youths surviving with medically complex conditions has been steadily increasing. Inadequate transition planning and execution can lead to gaps in care, unexpected emergency department visits, and an increase in health care costs and patient/caregiver anxiety. Many barriers that prevent adequate transition have been identified, including insufficient time or staff to provide transition services, inadequate reimbursement, resistance from patients and caregivers, and a dearth of accepting adult providers...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432230/youth-friendly-services-and-differentiated-models-of-care-are-needed-to-improve-outcomes-for-young-people-living-with-hiv
#13
Lindsey K Reif, Margaret L McNairy, Matthew R Lamb, Ruby Fayorsey, Batya Elul
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Outcomes among young people living with HIV (YPLWH) remain disturbingly poor. We summarize recent research on youth-friendly services (YFS) and adolescent-specific differentiated care models, which may improve outcomes across the HIV care continuum for this vulnerable population. We further emphasize unique complexities that characterize the transition from childhood through adolescence to adulthood which must be considered when caring for YPLWH. RECENT FINDINGS: Studies suggest that YFS may improve outcomes in some but not all steps of the HIV care continuum...
February 9, 2018: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423896/patterns-of-non-injection-drug-use-associated-with-injection-cessation-among-street-involved-youth-in-vancouver-canada
#14
Stephanie Lake, Thomas Kerr, Ekaterina Nosova, M-J Milloy, Evan Wood, Kora DeBeck
Although abstinence from drug use is often a key goal of youth substance use treatment, transitioning to less harmful routes and types of drug use is desirable from both a clinical and public health perspective. Despite this, little is known about the trajectories of youth who inject drugs including changes in patterns of non-injection drug use. The At-Risk Youth Study (ARYS) is a longitudinal cohort of street-involved youth who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada. We used linear growth curve modeling to compare changes in non-injection drug use among participants who ceased injecting drugs for at least one 6-month period between September 2005 and May 2015 to matched controls who continued injecting over the same period...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417359/crossing-the-age-divide-cross-age-collaboration-between-programs-serving-transition-age-youth
#15
Maryann Davis, Nancy Koroloff, Kathryn Sabella, Marianne Sarkis
Programs that serve transition-age youth with serious mental health conditions typically reside in either the child or the adult system. Good service provision calls for interactions among these programs. The objective of this research was to discover programmatic characteristics that facilitate or impede collaboration with programs serving dissimilar age groups, among programs that serve transition-age youth. To examine this "cross-age collaboration," this research used social network analysis methods to generate homophily and heterophily scores in three communities that had received federal grants to improve services for this population...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400907/how-economic-disadvantage-affects-the-availability-and-nature-of-mentoring-relationships-during-the-transition-to-adulthood
#16
Elizabeth B Raposa, Lance D Erickson, Matthew Hagler, Jean E Rhodes
Supportive nonparental adults, particularly nonfamilial adults, provide critical support during the transition to adulthood, opening doors to educational and career paths. This study examined whether economic disadvantage shapes access to these relationships. Results showed that low-income adolescents had reduced access to naturally occurring mentors, and the relationships they did form tended to be close bonds with family and friends, rather than nonfamilial adults. Their mentors were more likely to focus on practical support, and less likely to serve as role models or provide career advice...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400614/coach-ratings-of-skills-and-their-relations-to-practice-play-and-successful-transitions-from-youth-elite-to-adult-professional-status-in-soccer
#17
David T Hendry, A Mark Williams, Nicola J Hodges
Elite soccer players (~15 yr) from professional academies in the UK were rated on technical, tactical, physical and creative skills by coaches at time 1 (T1). Players estimated accumulated hours in soccer practice (coach-led activities) and play (self-led activities) during childhood. Coach-ratings were again collected 2.5 yr later (T2) for players that received a professional contract (~17 yr). Adult-professional status was determined at T3 (~ 20 yr). Skill ratings distinguished across the three "future" groups (academy-only, youth-professional only and adult-professional), for all but creative skill...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400402/the-importance-of-parents-community-connections-for-adolescent-well-being-an-examination-of-military-families
#18
Catherine Walker O'Neal, Jacquelyn K Mallette, Jay A Mancini
Drawing from the Social Organization Theory of Action and Change (SOAC), this analysis of 223 military families, including active duty (AD) military and civilian partners, examines how parents' sense of community and community engagement (two elements of community connections) are associated with their own resilient coping, and ultimately with important outcomes capturing their adolescent offspring's individual well-being (depression, anxiety, and self-efficacy) and family well-being (family functioning and parenting quality)...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400261/psychosocial-outcomes-in-a-cohort-of-perinatally-hiv-infected-adolescents-in-western-jamaica
#19
Tracy Evans-Gilbert, Kazie Kasimbe, Gail Reid, Shelly Ann Williams
Background Psychosocial factors interact with adolescent development and affect the ability of HIV-infected adolescents to cope with and adhere to treatment. Aim To evaluate psychosocial outcomes in perinatally HIV-infected adolescents (PHIVAs) in Western Jamaica after psychosocial intervention. Methods The Bright Futures Paediatric Symptom Checklist (BF-PSC) was used for psychological screening of PHIVAs in Western Jamaica. Referred patients were evaluated using the Youth version of the Columbia Impairment Scale (CIS)...
February 5, 2018: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399939/online-social-interactions-predict-academic-and-emotional-adjustment-in-the-transition-to-university
#20
Amori Yee Mikami, David E Szwedo, Adri Khalis, Mary Jia, Jennifer Jiwon Na
We investigated the developmental implications of online social interactions among 590 youth transitioning to university. We observed friends' posts on participants' Facebook pages, and considered attributes of friends' posts used to indicate positive and negative relationship quality in face-to-face interactions. After statistical control of beginning-of-year functioning and participants' Facebook content, Facebook friends' deviant content posts (swearing; illegal/sexualized activities) predicted participants' lower grade point average, Facebook friends' posts indicating connection to participants predicted participants' lower psychopathology, and Facebook friends' verbal aggression posts predicted participants' lower institutional attachment, by the end of the year...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
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