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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818734/the-predictors-of-perceived-social-support-among-former-foster-youth
#1
Andrew Zinn, Ashley N Palmer, Eunji Nam
Based on a 5-wave panel survey of 732 foster youth, the current study examined the respective relationships between foster youths' individual characteristics, youths' social connections with individuals and formal institutions, and the development of perceived social support across the transition to adulthood. Several youth characteristics - including self-reported delinquency and attachment insecurity - were found to be statistically significantly associated with perceived social support. Attachment insecurity also appeared to mediate the relationships between social support and several other youth-level characteristics, including prior placement disruptions and placement with relatives...
August 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815870/how-to-facilitate-transition-to-adulthood-innovative-solutions-from-parents-of-young-adults-with-profound-intellectual-disability
#2
Camille Gauthier-Boudreault, Mélanie Couture, Frances Gallagher
BACKGROUND: At age 21, access to specialised services for youth with profound intellectual disability is reduced. Few studies have focused on parents' views concerning potential solutions to ease the transition to adulthood, and most existing solutions target young adults with less severe intellectual disability. The aim of this study is to propose realistic solutions to meet the needs of young adults with profound intellectual disability and their families during and after the transition to adulthood...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803828/preparing-for-transition-of-youth-with-special-health-care-needs
#3
Susan Hunt, Thomas Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801730/prospective-changes-in-neural-alcohol-cue-reactivity-in-at-risk-adolescents
#4
Tam T Nguyen-Louie, Kelly E Courtney, Lindsay M Squeglia, Kara Bagot, Sonja Eberson, Robyn Migliorini, Alexis R Alcaraz, Susan F Tapert, Carmen Pulido
Adolescence represents an ideal time for elucidating the etiology of cue reactivity profiles. This study examined the influence of three risk factors consistently associated with heavy adolescent drinking on alcohol cue reactivity. Youth were first assessed while still naïve to alcohol (12-14 years old) and followed after transitioning into alcohol use (17-21 years old). The effects of family history of substance use disorder, sex, and history of early of dating (i.e., before 14 years of age) on BOLD response contrast to alcohol picture cues were examined in a linear mixed model, controlling for age and alcohol use patterns at follow-up...
August 11, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798507/family-background-and-contemporary-changes-in-young-adults-school-work-transitions-and-family-formation-in-the-united-states
#5
Chelsea Smith, Robert Crosnoe, Shih-Yi Chao
The oft-discussed lengthening of the transition into adulthood is unlikely uniform across diverse segments of the population. This study followed youth in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and 1997 cohorts (n = 12,686 and 8,984, respectively) from 16 to 32 years old to investigate this trend in the United States, examining cross-cohort changes in transitions with a focus on differences by family background. Logistic regressions revealed that young adults in the most recent cohort were less likely to have completed schooling, fully entered the labor force, married, or become parents by their 30s than those in the older cohort...
December 2016: Research in Social Stratification and Mobility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782457/prospective-memory-in-youth-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-infection
#6
Lynnette L Harris, Miriam C Chernoff, Sharon L Nichols, Paige L Williams, Patricia A Garvie, Cenk Yildirim, Stephen R McCauley, Steven Paul Woods
Youth with perinatal HIV infection (PHIV) are at increased risk for neurocognitive impairment (NCI). Prospective memory (PM) is a complex neurocognitive function that has been shown to be impaired in adults with HIV disease and independently associated with poorer daily living skills, including medication nonadherence. The current study sought to determine the presence and extent of PM deficits in youth with PHIV. Participants included 173 youth with PHIV and 85 youth perinatally HIV-exposed but uninfected (PHEU), mean age 14...
August 7, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776920/creating-an-innovative-youth-mental-health-service-in-the-united-kingdom-the-norfolk-youth-service
#7
Jon Wilson, Tim Clarke, Rebecca Lower, Uju Ugochukwu, Sarah Maxwell, Jo Hodgekins, Karen Wheeler, Andy Goff, Robert Mack, Rebecca Horne, David Fowler
Young people attempting to access mental health services in the United Kingdom often find traditional models of care outdated, rigid, inaccessible and unappealing. Policy recommendations, research and service user opinion suggest that reform is needed to reflect the changing needs of young people. There is significant motivation in the United Kingdom to transform mental health services for young people, and this paper aims to describe the rationale, development and implementation of a novel youth mental health service in the United Kingdom, the Norfolk Youth Service...
August 4, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776119/understanding-students-transition-to-high-school-demographic-variation-and-the-role-of-supportive-relationships
#8
Aprile D Benner, Alaina E Boyle, Farin Bakhtiari
The transition to high school is disruptive for many adolescents, yet little is known about the supportive relational processes that might attenuate the challenges students face as they move from middle to high school, particularly for students from more diverse backgrounds. Identifying potential buffers that protect youth across this critical educational transition is important for informing more effective support services for youth. In this study, we investigated how personal characteristics (gender, nativity, parent education level) and changes in support from family, friends, and school influenced changes in socioemotional adjustment and academic outcomes across the transition from middle to high school...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768599/pre-onset-risk-characteristics-for-mania-among-young-people-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis
#9
Aswin Ratheesh, Susan M Cotton, Christopher G Davey, Ashleigh Lin, Stephen Wood, Hok Pan Yuen, Andreas Bechdolf, Patrick D McGorry, Alison Yung, Michael Berk, Barnaby Nelson
INTRODUCTION: Psychosis and mania share conceptual, genetic and clinical features, which suggest the possibility that they have common antecedents. Participants identified to be at-risk for psychosis might also be at-risk for mania. We aimed to identify the rate and predictors of transition to mania in a cohort of youth with clinical or familial risk for psychosis. METHODS: Among a cohort of 416 young people with an at-risk mental state for psychosis defined using the Ultra-High-Risk (UHR) criteria, 74...
May 4, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768492/the-effect-of-youth-assertive-community-treatment-a-systematic-prisma-review
#10
Richard Vijverberg, Robert Ferdinand, Aartjan Beekman, Berno van Meijel
BACKGROUND: During the past decades deinstitutionalisation policies have led to a transition from inpatient towards community mental health care. Many European countries implement Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) as an alternative for inpatient care for "difficult to reach" children and adolescents with severe mental illness. ACT is a well-organized low-threshold treatment modality; patients are actively approached in their own environment, and efforts are undertaken to strengthen the patient's motivation for treatment...
August 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760316/developing-a-transition-care-coordination-program-for-youth-with-spina-bifida
#11
Amanda Seeley, Linda Lindeke
INTRODUCTION: This quality improvement pilot study focused on developing and facilitating readiness for transition in youth with spina bifida. The results contribute to a broader institution-wide initiative at a subspecialty pediatric organization. METHODS: The clinical roles of six nurse care coordinators were restructured to add responsibility for transition care coordination. Together, parents, youth, and nurse transition care coordinators created and implemented individualized family-centered care plans focused on improving self-management and readiness for transition to adulthood...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755249/can-locus-of-control-compensate-for-socioeconomic-adversity-in-the-transition-from-school-to-work
#12
Terry Ng-Knight, Ingrid Schoon
Internal locus of control is associated with academic success and indicators of wellbeing in youth. There is however less understanding regarding the role of locus of control in shaping the transition from school to work beyond the more widely studied predictors of socioeconomic background and academic attainment. Guided by a socio-ecological model of agency, the current study examines to which extent internal locus of control, understood as an indicator of individual agency, can compensate for a lack of socioeconomic resources by moderating the association between parental disadvantage and difficulties in the transition from school to work...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754584/adolescent-to-adult-hiv-health-care-transition-from-the-perspective-of-adult-providers-in-the-united-states
#13
Amanda E Tanner, Morgan M Philbin, Alice Ma, Brittany D Chambers, Sharon Nichols, Sonia Lee, J Dennis Fortenberry
PURPOSE: The HIV Care Continuum highlights the need for HIV-infected youth to be tested, linked, and maintained in lifelong care. Care engagement is important for HIV-infected youth in order for them to stay healthy, maintain a low viral load, and reduce further transmission. One point of potential interruption in the care continuum is during health care transition from adolescent- to adult-centered HIV care. HIV-related health care transition research focuses mainly on youth and on adolescent clinic providers; missing is adult clinic providers' perspectives...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752196/persistent-disadvantages-or-new-opportunities-the-role-of-agency-and-structural-constraints-for-low-achieving-adolescents-school-to-work-transitions
#14
Anne Christine Holtmann, Laura Menze, Heike Solga
School leavers with low educational attainment face great difficulties in their school-to-work transitions. They are, however, quite heterogeneous in terms of their personal and social resources. These within-group differences may influence who shows initiative during the school-to-work transition period and thereby helps employers recognize their learning potential at labor market entry. Yet this recognition also depends on the ways employers select applicants, which may prevent them from discovering such within-group differences...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742950/becoming-independent-political-participation-and-youth-transitions-in-the-scottish-referendum
#15
Maddie Breeze, Hugo Gorringe, Lynn Jamieson, Michael Rosie
Sociological debates on youth engagement with electoral politics play out against a backdrop of supposed 'decline' in civic participation (e.g. Putnam , Norris, ), in turn contextualized by theories of individualization in 'late' or 'reflexive' modernity (Beck, Giddens). However, the enfranchisement of 16 and 17 year olds in the 2014 Scottish Independence Referendum catalysed remarkably high levels of voter turnout among this youngest group, and was accompanied by apparently ongoing political engagement. We explored this engagement among a strategic sample of young 'Yes' voters, in the immediate aftermath of this exceptional political event...
July 25, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734516/pediatric-human-immunodeficiency-virus-continuum-of-care-a-concise-review-of-evidence-based-practice
#16
REVIEW
Megan E Gray, Phillip Nieburg, Rebecca Dillingham
Children and adolescents living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) represent a population that requires a unique approach to HIV care. Prevention, testing, initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART), and retention and engagement in care are critical steps. Each step requires providers to address age-specific barriers, so that successful and prolonged viral suppression can occur. Adherence to ART, disclosure of HIV-positive status, and stigma are examples of struggles faced by youth, their families, and health care providers...
August 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734323/parental-influences-on-heavy-episodic-drinking-development-in-the-transition-to-early-adulthood
#17
Aubrey Spriggs Madkour, Gretchen Clum, Thomas T Miles, Heng Wang, Kristina Jackson, Frances Mather, Arti Shankar
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine how parental relationship quality (communication frequency, time spent together, and closeness) during early adulthood is related to heavy episodic drinking (HED) during this developmental period and whether effects vary according to age, youth sex, or parent sex. METHODS: National data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics-Transition to Adulthood Study were analyzed. Youth participated in up to four interviews (2005, 2007, 2009, and 2011; n = 1,320-1,489) between ages 18-25 years...
August 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732715/the-modifying-effects-of-race-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status-on-the-change-in-physical-activity-from-elementary-to-middle-school
#18
Daheia J Barr-Anderson, Jennifer I Flynn, Marsha Dowda, Sharon E Taverno Ross, Michaela A Schenkelberg, Lauren A Reid, Russell R Pate
PURPOSE: Youth physical activity (PA) levels differ by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES). It is well established that various multilevel factors may influence changes in PA. The present study examined whether the association between the change in individual, interpersonal, and environmental factors and the change in PA is modified by race/ethnicity or SES. METHODS: This study followed 643 youths and their parents from suburban and rural South Carolina participating in the Transitions and Activity Changes in Kids (TRACK) Study in 2008-2009 and 2010-2011...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729312/protocol-a-grounded-theory-of-recovery-perspectives-of-adolescent-users-of-mental-health-services
#19
Lucianne Palmquist, Sue Patterson, Analise O'Donovan, Graham Bradley
INTRODUCTION: Policies internationally endorse the recovery paradigm as the appropriate foundation for youth mental health services. However, given that this paradigm is grounded in the views of adults with severe mental illness, applicability to youth services and relevance to young people is uncertain, particularly as little is known about young people's views. A comprehensive understanding of the experiences and expectations of young people is critical to developing youth mental health services that are acceptable, accessible, effective and relevant...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713212/family-structure-transitions-and-psychiatric-disorders-among-puerto-rican-children
#20
Olga Santesteban-Echarri, Ruth E Eisenberg, Hector R Bird, Glorisa J Canino, Cristiane S Duarte
This paper examines whether family structure and its transitions are associated with internalizing and externalizing psychiatric disorders among Puerto Rican-origin children. It uses longitudinal data (three waves) from the Boricua Youth Study, which includes probability samples of children in the South Bronx (New York) and San Juan (Puerto Rico) (n = 2,142). We also examine factors which may explain how family structure and transitions may be related to child psychiatric disorders. Our results show that for both internalizing and externalizing disorders there were no significant differences between children of cohabiting (biological or step) parents or of single parents compared to children of married biological parents...
November 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
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