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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667736/commentary-advancing-an-implementation-science-agenda-on-mental-health-and-psychosocial-responses-in-war-affected-settings-comment-on-trials-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-youth-affected-by-the-syrian-crisis-by-panter-brick-et-al-2018
#1
Theresa S Betancourt, Mina Fazel
Syria's civil conflict has created the largest humanitarian disaster of our time, causing massive population displacement, tremendous exposure to trauma, and loss. Advancing the mental health and psychosocial responses of war-affected populations both during acute humanitarian emergencies and in post-conflict transition is imperative in forging a constructive implementation agenda. This study makes an important contribution in building evidence toward effective interventions to advance the mental health and well-being of those affected by the Syrian crisis...
May 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667166/disability-differentials-in-educational-attainment-in-england-primary-and-secondary-effects
#2
Stella Chatzitheochari, Lucinda Platt
Childhood disability has been largely overlooked in social stratification and life course research. As a result, we know remarkably little about mechanisms behind well-documented disability differentials in educational outcomes. This study investigates educational transitions of disabled youth using data from the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England. We draw on social stratification literature on primary and secondary effects as well as that on stigma and labelling in order to explain disabled young people's educational outcomes...
April 17, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660967/a-call-for-implementing-preferred-practices-for-brain-injury-screening-in-youth-to-improve-transition
#3
Drew A Nagele, Melissa McCart, Stephen R Hooper
BACKGROUND: It is vital to engage in systematic screening to identify and serve children who may have sustained an acquired brain injury (ABI) - either traumatic or non-traumatic, so they can be successfully transitioned between environments and life stages. This is particularly important for children and adolescents given the impact an ABI can have on learning and social functioning over the course of the neurodevelopmental process. A pattern of repeated, undiagnosed mild brain injuries may lead to mood or behavior disorders, learning problems...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659994/resident-and-staff-satisfaction-of-pediatric-graduate-medical-education-training-on-transition-to-adult-care-of-medically-complex-patients
#4
Matthew Weeks, Brandon Cole, Eric Flake, Daniel Roy
Introduction: This study aims to describe the quantity and satisfaction current residents and experienced pediatricians have with graduate medical education on transitioning medically complex patients to adult care. There is an increasing need for transitioning medically complex adolescents to adult care. Over 90% now live into adulthood and require transition to adult healthcare providers. The 2010 National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs found that only 40% of youth 12-17 yr receive the necessary services to appropriately transition to adult care...
April 11, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652552/do-classes-of-polysubstance-use-in-adolescence-differentiate-growth-in-substances-used-in-the-transition-to-young-adulthood
#5
Gabriel J Merrin, Bonnie Leadbeater
BACKGROUND: Past studies have differentiated classes of polysubstance use in adolescence, however, the associations of adolescent polysubstance use classes with longitudinal substance use trajectories from adolescence to young adulthood have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: The current study examined substance use classes during adolescence and longitudinal trajectories of each substance used across the transition to young adulthood. METHOD: Data were collected biennially from 662 youth and followed 10 years across six measurement assessments...
April 13, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650743/improving-transition-to-adulthood-for-adolescents-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-proactive-developmental-and-systems-perspective
#6
REVIEW
Shara Ally, Kerry Boyd, Dara Abells, Khush Amaria, Yani Hamdani, Alvin Loh, Ullanda Niel, Samantha Sacks, Sarah Shea, William F Sullivan, Brian Hennen
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate how family physicians can contribute to a piece of the journey of improving quality-of-life outcomes for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) when they undergo the transition from adolescence to adulthood. SOURCES OF INFORMATION: The "Primary care of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. 2018 Canadian consensus guidelines" literature review and interdisciplinary input. MAIN MESSAGE: Family physicians should be proactive in anticipating and supporting the transition of people with IDD from adolescence to adulthood...
April 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619645/parent-expectations-and-preparatory-activities-as-adolescents-with-asd-transition-to-adulthood
#7
Laura G Holmes, Anne V Kirby, Donald S Strassberg, Michael B Himle
Community stakeholders, researchers, and providers are increasingly focused on individual, family, and systemic factors that contribute to positive outcomes for adults on the autism spectrum. Parent expectations for their youth's future are associated with adult outcomes (e.g., employment, school success, independence), yet the mechanism for this effect remains unclear. This study investigated how expectations were related to parent transition-related activities in a sample of 298 parents of adolescents on the autism spectrum (48% female adolescents), stratified by parent-reported IQ (average or above, borderline, or below 70)...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610417/a-national-research-agenda-for-the-transition-of-youth-with-autism
#8
Paul T Shattuck, Lynette Lau, Kristy A Anderson, Alice A Kuo
In this article, we outline a national research agenda to improve the transition to adulthood among youth with autism. We synthesized the results from 5 interconnected sets of activities: (1) a scoping review of published autism research and research priority statements, (2) a series of key informant interviews with stakeholders, (3) a 2-day National Research Agenda meeting, (4) a modified Delphi survey of stakeholders, and (5) 2 formal reviews of published literature on autism and transition. We identified 2 overarching priorities to advance research about autism and transition: (1) increased focus on community- and systems-level factors that influence outcomes with population-level approaches to measuring outcomes and (2) greater involvement of people with autism in establishing research priorities, designing research studies, and producing study findings and recommendations...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610416/a-health-care-transition-curriculum-for-primary-care-residents-identifying-goals-and-objectives
#9
Alice A Kuo, Mary R Ciccarelli, Niraj Sharma, Debra S Lotstein
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transition from pediatric to adult health care is a vulnerable period for youth with special health care needs. Although successful transitions are recognized as critical for improving adult outcomes and reducing health care utilization and cost, an educational gap in health care transitions for physicians persists. Our aim with this project was to develop a national health care transition residency curriculum for primary care physicians, using an expert-based, consensus-building process...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610414/the-medical-home-and-health-care-transition-for-youth-with-autism
#10
Jessica E Rast, Paul T Shattuck, Anne M Roux, Kristy A Anderson, Alice Kuo
BACKGROUND: Our objective in this study was to describe the association between the receipt of health care transition services (HCTS) and having a medical home in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Youth with ASD receive HCTS less often than other youth with special health care needs but are in particular need of continuous, comprehensive health care. METHODS: We used the National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs to describe the receipt of HCTS in youth with ASD and its association with presence of a medical home...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610413/transition-of-individuals-with-autism-to-adulthood-a-review-of-qualitative-studies
#11
Kristy A Anderson, Collette Sosnowy, Alice A Kuo, Paul T Shattuck
Many young adults with autism spectrum disorder experience poor transition outcomes in key areas, including postsecondary employment, higher education, health care, social connectedness, and independent living, yet we lack a clear understanding of the specific factors that impact these outcomes. We reviewed qualitative research in which the perspectives of youth and young adults with autism spectrum disorder, parents, services providers, and other stakeholders were gathered to identify barriers and facilitators to optimal outcomes...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610412/social-ecological-correlates-in-adult-autism-outcome-studies-a-scoping-review
#12
Kristy A Anderson, Anne M Roux, Alice Kuo, Paul T Shattuck
The transition into adulthood is a critical period in the life course that shapes later outcomes. Many adults on the autism spectrum fare poorly across a wide range of quality of life indicators. Understanding the multilevel factors that influence transition outcomes is necessary to develop strategies that promote better outcomes. In this scoping review, we characterize the use of social-ecological factors in adult autism outcome studies, identify understudied areas of research, and provide recommendations for future research...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610410/stakeholder-perspectives-on-research-and-practice-in-autism-and-transition
#13
Alice A Kuo, Tara Crapnell, Lynette Lau, Kristy A Anderson, Paul Shattuck
OBJECTIVES: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are reported to experience significant challenges during the transition to adulthood. Although recent evidence indicates that individuals with ASD experience poor outcomes in adulthood, little is understood about the contributing factors. In this qualitative study, we investigated the barriers to and needs in research and practice in the transition to adulthood among individuals with ASD. METHODS: Thirteen researchers, including service providers, family members, and an individual with ASD participated in 30- to 60-minute, semistructured, open-ended telephone interviews...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599106/a-web-and-mobile-based-map-of-mental-health-resources-for-postsecondary-students-thought-spot-protocol-for-an-economic-evaluation
#14
Amandeep Kaur, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Aliya Jaffer, Genevieve Ferguson, Alexxa Abi-Jaoude, Andrew Johnson, Elisa Hollenberg, David Wiljer
BACKGROUND: Youth demonstrate a low propensity to seek help for mental health issues and exhibit low use of health services despite the high prevalence of mental health challenges in this population. Research has found that delivering interventions via the internet and mobile devices is an effective way to reach youth. Thought Spot, a Web- and mobile-based map, was developed to help transition-aged youth in postsecondary settings overcome barriers to help-seeking, thereby reducing the economic burden associated with untreated mental health issues...
March 29, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593026/impacts-of-smoke-free-public-places-legislation-on-inequalities-in-youth-smoking-uptake-study-protocol-for-a-secondary-analysis-of-uk-survey-data
#15
Philip Emeka Anyanwu, Peter Craig, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Michael James Green
INTRODUCTION: Smoke-free public places legislation has been introduced in many countries to protect the public from the harmful effects of secondhand smoking. While evaluations of smoke-free policies have demonstrated major public health benefits, the impact on youth smoking and inequalities in smoking remains unclear. This project aims to evaluate how smoke-free public places legislation in the UK has impacted on inequalities in youth smoking uptake, and how much of any impact is via changes in parental smoking behaviour...
March 27, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589127/launching-anxious-young-adults-a-specialized-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-transitional-aged-youth
#16
REVIEW
Lauren J Hoffman, John D Guerry, Anne Marie Albano
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There has been growing clinical and research attention to the unique developmental stage of emerging adulthood. This stage is a time of significant change and growth for all individuals, as it includes identity exploration, emotional, behavioral, and financial independence from caregivers, and completion of educational or vocational requirements. RECENT FINDINGS: Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health diagnoses among emerging adults, and individuals suffering from these disorders often experience compounding functional impairments across health, financial, and social domains...
March 27, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571863/the-new-mobile-universal-lexicon-evaluation-system-mules-a-test-of-rapid-picture-naming-for-concussion-sized-for-the-sidelines
#17
Omar Akhand, Matthew S Galetta, Lucy Cobbs, Lisena Hasanaj, Nikki Webb, Julia Drattell, Prin Amorapanth, John-Ross Rizzo, Rachel Nolan, Liliana Serrano, Janet C Rucker, Dennis Cardone, Barry D Jordan, Arlene Silverio, Steven L Galetta, Laura J Balcer
OBJECTIVE: Measures of rapid automatized naming (RAN) have been used for over 50 years to capture vision-based aspects of cognition. The Mobile Universal Lexicon Evaluation System (MULES) is a test of rapid picture naming under investigation for detection of concussion and other neurological disorders. MULES was designed as a series of 54 grouped color photographs (fruits, random objects, animals) that integrates saccades, color perception and contextual object identification. Recent changes to the MULES test have been made to improve ease of use on the athletic sidelines...
April 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570559/the-health-care-transition-of-youth-with-liver-disease-into-the-adult-health-system-position-paper-from-espghan-and-easl
#18
Pietro Vajro, Björn Fischler, Patrizia Burra, Dominique Debray, Antal Dezsofi, Salvatore Guercio Nuzio, Nedim Hadzic, Loreto Hierro, Joerg Jahnel, Thierry Lamireau, Patrick McKiernan, Valerie McLin, Valerio Nobili, Piotr Socha, Francoise Smets, Ulli Baumann, Henkjan J Verkade
BACKGROUND: Medical advances have dramatically improved the long-term prognosis of children and adolescents with once-fatal hepatobiliary diseases. However, there is no generally accepted optimal pathway of care for the transition from paediatric care to the adult health system. AIM: The purpose of this position paper is to propose a transition process for young people with paediatric onset hepatobiliary diseases from child-centred to adult-centred healthcare services...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551847/perspectives-of-youth-in-foster-care-on-essential-ingredients-for-promoting-self-determination-and-successful-transition-to-adult-life-my-life-model
#19
Laurie E Powers, Ann Fullerton, Jessica Schmidt, Sarah Geenen, Molly Oberweiser-Kennedy, JoAnn Dohn, May Nelson, Rosemary Iavanditti, Jennifer Blakeslee
Research clearly documents the serious challenges and poor outcomes experienced by many young people exiting foster care, as well as compounded disparities for the high percentage of youth in care who are identified with disabilities and/or mental health challenges. However, very little research has been conducted to specify or validate effective models for improving the transition trajectories of youth exiting care. Evidence suggests the My Life self-determination enhancement model offers a promising approach for supporting youths' self-determined and positive transition to adulthood...
February 2018: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550878/kinematics-and-postural-muscular-activity-during-continuous-oscillating-platform-movement-in-children-and-adolescents
#20
Richard S Mills, Heidi Sveistrup
The aims of this study were to (1) characterize anticipatory and reactive postural strategies in typically developing (TD) children and adolescents; (2) determine if TD youth shift from reactive to anticipatory mechanisms based on knowledge of platform movement; and (3) determine whether TD youth further modify postural strategies when additional information about the perturbation is provided. Sixteen typically developing youth aged 7-17 years stood with eyes open on a movable platform that progressively translated anteroposteriorly (20 cm peak-to-peak) through four speeds (0...
March 17, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
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