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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432894/the-structure-correlates-and-treatment-related-changes-of-mindfulness-facets-across-the-anxiety-disorders-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#1
Lance L Hawley, Jenny Rogojanski, Valerie Vorstenbosch, Lena C Quilty, Judith M Laposa, Neil A Rector
Research with non-clinical and clinical samples has examined how mindfulness concepts relate to psychological symptom presentations. However, there is less clarity when examining treatment-seeking patients who experience DSM-diagnosed anxiety and obsessional disorders - both cross-sectionally, and following empirically-supported treatments. The Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ; Baer, Smith, Hopkins, Krietemeyer, & Toney, 2006) conceptualizes mindfulness as consisting of five facets: Observing, Describing, Acting with Awareness, Nonreactivity, and Nonjudging...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432534/individual-differences-in-adolescents-emotional-reactivity-across-relationship-contexts
#2
Emily C Cook, Bethany L Blair, Cheryl Buehler
Understanding individual differences in adolescents' ability to regulate emotions within interpersonal relationships is paramount for healthy development. Thus, the effect of individual vulnerabilities (depressive affect, social anxiety, self-blame, and coping efficacy problems) on the transmission of emotional reactivity in response to conflict from family to peers (friends and romantic partners) was prospectively examined across six waves of data in a community-based sample of 416 adolescents (Mage Wave 1 = 11...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431971/influence-of-stress-associated-with-chronic-alcohol-exposure-on-drinking
#3
REVIEW
Howard C Becker
Stress is commonly regarded as an important trigger for relapse and a significant factor that promotes increased motivation to drink in some individuals. However, the relationship between stress and alcohol is complex, likely changing in form during the transition from early moderated alcohol use to more heavy uncontrolled alcohol intake. A growing body of evidence indicates that prolonged excessive alcohol consumption serves as a potent stressor, producing persistent dysregulation of brain reward and stress systems beyond normal homeostatic limits...
April 18, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431011/the-relationship-between-pain-characteristics-peer-difficulties-and-emotional-functioning-among-adolescents-seeking-treatment-for-chronic-pain-a-test-of-mediational-models
#4
Sherilynn F Chan, Mark Connelly, Dustin P Wallace
To evaluate patterns of relationships between pain characteristics, peer difficulties, and emotional functioning in a sample of adolescents seeking treatment for chronic pain. Participants were 172 adolescents (age M  = 14.88 years; 76% female, 88% White) with heterogeneous chronic pain disorders who completed measures of pain characteristics, peer difficulties, and emotional functioning before their new patient appointment in a pain management clinic. Direct and indirect relationships between variables were tested using path analysis...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430931/joint-effects-of-the-epigenetic-alteration-of-neurotrophins-and-cytokine-signaling-a-possible-exploratory-model-of-affective-symptoms-in-alcohol-dependent-patients
#5
Annemarie Heberlein, Rilana Schuster, Alexandra Kleimann, Adrian Groh, Andreas Kordon, Birgitt Opfermann, Ralf Lichtinghagen, Michael Gröschl, Johannes Kornhuber, Stefan Bleich, Helge Frieling, Thomas Hillemacher
Aims: Neurotrophins have been linked to the symptomatology of alcohol dependence. We aimed to investigate a possible association between the methylation of the promoters of both neurotrophins, the serum levels of the cytokines and core symptoms of alcohol dependence as withdrawal severity and anxiety. Methods: In this study we investigated a possible association between alterations in the methylation of the BDNF IV/NGF I gene promoter and the cytokines tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in 55 male alcohol-dependent patients...
May 1, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430901/synergistic-effect-between-ischaemic-heart-disease-and-common-mental-disorders-and-the-risk-of-premature-exit-from-the-labour-market-a-nationwide-register-based-study-from-sweden
#6
Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Torbjörn Ivert, Marjan Vaez, Thomas Ernst Dorner
Aims: Common mental disorders i.e. depressive and anxiety disorders (CMD) are frequent comorbid conditions in individuals with ischaemic heart disease (IHD). Still, their effect on preterm exit from the labour market [i.e. disability pension (DP)] in individuals with IHD has to date not been scrutinized. The aim of this study was to investigate the separate and joint effect of IHD and CMD on the risk of DP for women and men of working age. Material and methods: This population-based cohort study included all non-pensioned 4 823 069 individuals, registered as living in Sweden 31 December 2004 and then 16-64 years of age...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428145/prior-treadmill-exercise-promotes-resilience-to-vicarious-trauma-in-rats
#7
Camila Kochi, Hesong Liu, Safiyya Zaidi, Fatin Atrooz, Phoebe Dantoin, Samina Salim
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a serious psychological condition, which can develop both from physically experiencing and also from witnessing traumatic events. There is evidence that physical exercise can have a positive impact on the symptoms of PTSD. Relevant to this, in our previous pre-clinical work, beneficial effects of treadmill exercise were reported on PTSD-like behaviors in a social defeat paradigm, a rat model of direct physical trauma. However, the role of exercise on vicariously acquired PTSD-like phenotype was not examined...
April 17, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427690/factors-associated-with-adherence-to-disease-modifying-therapy-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-observational-survey-from-a-referral-center-in-lithuania
#8
Neringa Duchovskiene, Dalia Mickeviciene, Giedre Jurkeviciene, Birute Dirziuviene, Renata Balnyte
AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate adherence to disease modifying therapy (DMT) in Lithuanian population of multiple sclerosis patients and factors associated to it. METHODS: Patients receiving one of the following DMT's: Interferon β 1a (Rebif) 44 micrograms three times a week subdermally (s/c) or Interferon β 1a (Avonex) 30 micrograms weekly intramuscularly (i/m), or Interferon β 1b (Betaferon, Extavia) 250 micrograms once in two days s/c, or Glatiramer acetate (Copaxone) 20mg daily s/c, were presented with a questionnaire inquiring their demographic and clinical characteristics and adherence to treatment profile, as well as HAD scale and SF-36 questionnaire...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427471/quality-of-life-and-healthcare-service-utilization-among-methadone-maintenance-patients-in-a-mountainous-area-of-northern-vietnam
#9
Long Hoang Nguyen, Lan Huong Thi Nguyen, Victoria L Boggiano, Canh Dinh Hoang, Hung Van Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Hai Quan Le, Tho Dinh Tran, Bach Xuan Tran, Carl A Latkin, Nabil Zary, Minh Thuc Thi Vu
BACKGROUND: The expansion of methadone maintenance treatment in mountainous areas in still limited and little is known about its health impacts on drug users. This study aimed to examine health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and health care access among patients engaging in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in Tuyen Quang, a mountainous province in Vietnam. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey with 241 patients conveniently recruited in two MMT clinics (Son Duong and Tuyen Quang)...
April 20, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427373/a-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-self-help-psycho-education-programme-to-reduce-diagnosis-delay-in-women-with-breast-cancer-symptoms-in-indonesia
#10
Hari Setyowibowo, Marit Sijbrandij, Aulia Iskandarsyah, Joke A M Hunfeld, Sawitri S Sadarjoen, Dharmayanti F Badudu, Drajat R Suardi, Jan Passchier
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequent cancer occurring in women across the world. Its mortality rate in low-middle income countries (LMICs) is higher than in high-income countries (HICs), and in Indonesia BC is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women. Delay in breast cancer diagnosis negatively impacts cancer prognosis. Only about 30% of patients who come to the hospital to check on their breast abnormalities, continue thorough examination to biopsy to get a diagnosis based on the results of anatomical pathology...
April 20, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427034/taxometric-analyses-and-predictive-accuracy-of-callous-unemotional-traits-regarding-quality-of-life-and-behavior-problems-in-non-conduct-disorder-diagnoses
#11
Pierre C M Herpers, Helen Klip, Nanda N J Rommelse, Mark J Taylor, Corina U Greven, Jan K Buitelaar
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits have mainly been studied in relation to conduct disorder (CD), but can also occur in other disorder groups. However, it is unclear whether there is a clinically relevant cut-off value of levels of CU traits in predicting reduced quality of life (QoL) and clinical symptoms, and whether CU traits better fit a categorical (taxonic) or dimensional model. Parents of 979 youths referred to a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic rated their child's CU traits on the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional traits (ICU), QoL on the Kidscreen-27, and clinical symptoms on the Child Behavior Checklist...
April 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426999/emotional-intelligence-and-affective-events-in-nurse-education-a-narrative-review
#12
REVIEW
Gillian M Lewis, Christine Neville, Neal M Ashkanasy
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the current state of knowledge about emotional intelligence and affective events that arise during nursing students' clinical placement experiences. DESIGN: Narrative literature review. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Science, ERIC and APAIS-Health databases published in English between 1990 and 2016. REVIEW METHODS: Data extraction from and constant comparative analysis of ten (10) research articles...
April 7, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425495/the-biglen-gpr171-peptide-receptor-system-within-the-basolateral-amygdala-regulates-anxiety-like-behavior-and-contextual-fear-conditioning
#13
Erin N Bobeck, Ivone Gomes, Darlene Pena, Kirstie A Cummings, Roger L Clem, Mihaly Mezei, Lakshmi A Devi
Studies show that neuropeptide-receptor systems in the basolateral amygdala (BLA) play an important role in the pathology of anxiety and other mood disorders. Since GPR171, a recently deorphanized receptor for the abundant neuropeptide BigLEN, is expressed in the BLA, we investigated its role in fear and anxiety-like behaviors. To carry out these studies we identified small molecule ligands using a homology model of GPR171 to virtually screen a library of compounds. One of the hits, MS0021570_1, was identified as a GPR171 antagonist based on its ability to block (i) BigLEN-mediated activation of GPR171 in heterologous cells, (ii) BigLEN-mediated hyperpolarization of BLA pyramidal neurons, and (iii) feeding induced by DREADD-mediated activation of BigLEN containing AgRP neurons in the arcuate nucleus...
April 20, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425266/nitroglycerin-challenge-induces-lateralized-headache-in-nasociliarynerve-ligated-rats-implications-for-chronic-migraine
#14
Didem Akçali, Ahmet Deniz Belen, Avni Babacan, Hayrunnisa Bolay
BACKGROUND/AIM: Chronic migraine is a common debilitating disease with limited treatment options. We aimed to develop a novel model for chronic migraine by ligating the nasociliary nerve (NCL) and administering nitroglycerin (NTG) to exacerbate acute headache attacks. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Exacerbation of the headache was induced by NTG (10 mg/kg, subcutaneously) administered to male Wistar rats (n = 36) 14 days following unilateral NCL. Cutaneous and cold allodynia was tested using Von Frey (VF) filaments and acetone, respectively...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425232/effect-of-familial-mediterranean-fever-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-women
#15
Görkem Karakaş Uğurlu, Mustafa Uğurlu, Şükran Erten, Serdar Süleyman Can, Semra Ulusoy Kaymak, Ali Çayköylü
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between familial Mediterranean fever and female sexual dysfunction and premenstrual syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 36 patients with familial Mediterranean fever and 33 healthy volunteers. Familial Mediterranean fever was diagnosed according to the Tel Hashomer criteria and familial Mediterranean fever mutations were identified in all of the patients. The patients and healthy volunteers were compared in terms of anxiety, depression, sexual dysfunction, and premenstrual syndrome, and a model was created that describes the relationships among these variables...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424317/the-williams-syndrome-prosociality-gene-gtf2i-mediates-oxytocin-reactivity-and-social-anxiety-in-a-healthy-population
#16
Tanya L Procyshyn, Jason Spence, Silven Read, Neil V Watson, Bernard J Crespi
The neurohormone oxytocin plays a central role in human social behaviour and cognition, and oxytocin dysregulation may contribute to psychiatric disorders. However, genetic factors influencing individual variation in the oxytocinergic system remain poorly understood. We genotyped 169 healthy adults for a functional polymorphism in GTF2I (general transcription factor II-I), a gene associated with high prosociality and reduced social anxiety in Williams syndrome, a condition reported to involve high oxytocin levels and reactivity...
April 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422599/sleep-bruxism-and-anxiety-impacts-in-quality-of-life-related-to-oral-health-of-brazilian-children-and-their-families
#17
Nashalie Andrade de Alencar, Cecília Sued Leão, Anna Thereza Thomé Leão, Ronir Raggio Luiz, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves, Lucianne Cople Maia
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the impact of parent reported sleep bruxism, trait anxiety and sociodemographic/socioeconomic features on quality of life related to oral health (OHRQoL) of children and their families. STUDY DESIGN: Healthy children aged 3-7 years, with (n=34) and without (n=32) bruxism were select for this study. Data was collected by applying the following instruments: The Early Childhood Oral Health Scale (B-ECOHIS) and Trait-anxiety Scale (TAS)...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421867/symptom-related-attributional-biases-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder
#18
Nicole Sanford, Todd S Woodward
INTRODUCTION: Biases in causal attributions and evidence integration have been implicated in delusions, but have not been investigated simultaneously to examine additive or multiplicative effects. It was hypothesised that paranoid delusions would correlate with self-serving and personalising biases ("defence" model of paranoia), particularly when these biases were disconfirmed. METHODS: Constrained principal component analysis was used to investigate differences between schizophrenia patients (paranoid vs...
April 19, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421866/chronic-pain-and-psychological-distress-among-older-adults
#19
Alex Bierman, Yeonjung Lee
This research examines whether unobserved time-stable influences confound the association between chronic pain and psychological distress in older adults as well as how race and ethnicity combine with subjective social status (SSS) to modify the association. In a nationally representative longitudinal survey, holistically controlling for unobserved time-stable influences using fixed-effects models substantially reduces the pain-depression relationship and eliminates the overall pain-anxiety relationship. The association with depression is stronger for Black and Hispanic elders, illustrating a process of double-jeopardy...
January 1, 2017: Research on Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421012/moderated-online-social-therapy-a-model-for-reducing-stress-in-carers-of-young-people-diagnosed-with-mental-health-disorders
#20
John Gleeson, Reeva Lederman, Peter Koval, Greg Wadley, Sarah Bendall, Sue Cotton, Helen Herrman, Kingsley Crisp, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
Family members caring for a young person diagnosed with the onset of mental health problems face heightened stress, depression, and social isolation. Despite evidence for the effectiveness of family based interventions, sustaining access to specialist family interventions is a major challenge. The availability of the Internet provides possibilities to expand and sustain access to evidence-based psychoeducation and personal support for family members. In this paper we describe the therapeutic model and the components of our purpose-built moderated online social therapy (MOST) program for families...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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