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non-invasive cosmetic procedures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898991/nipple-and-areola-sparing-mastectomy-for-the-treatment-of-breast-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Bruna S Mota, Rachel Riera, Marcos Desidério Ricci, Jessica Barrett, Tiago B de Castria, Álvaro N Atallah, Jose Luiz B Bevilacqua
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of nipple-sparing mastectomy and areola-sparing mastectomy for the treatment of breast cancer are still questionable. It is estimated that the local recurrence rates following nipple-sparing mastectomy are very similar to breast-conserving surgery followed by radiotherapy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of nipple-sparing mastectomy and areola-sparing mastectomy for the treatment of ductal carcinoma in situ and invasive breast cancer in women...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716217/ultrasound-guided-gastrocnemius-recession-a-new-ultra-minimally-invasive-surgical-technique
#2
Manuel Villanueva, Álvaro Iborra, Guillermo Rodríguez, Pablo Sanz-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Isolated gastrocnemius contracture is thought to lead to numerous conditions. Although many techniques have been described for gastrocnemius recession, potential anesthetic, cosmetic, and wound-related complications can lead to patient dissatisfaction. Open and endoscopic recession techniques require epidural anesthesia, lower limb ischemia, and stitches and may lead to damage of the sural nerve, which is not under the complete control of the surgeon at all stages of the procedure...
October 3, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595744/mri-in-detecting-facial-cosmetic-injectable-fillers
#3
Sigal Tal, Hillel S Maresky, Theodore Bryan, Ella Ziv, Dov Klein, Assaf Persitz, Lior Heller
BACKGROUND: Despite being considered a non-invasive procedure, injections can cause adverse outcomes including infections, overfilling, asymmetry, foreign body granulomas, and reactions that lead to scarring. Complications may be associated with the procedure itself, the physician's technique, and/or the type of agent injected. In these instances, it is important to be able locate and identify the substance used. This study investigated the viability of using MRI to correctly identify injected substances, their symmetry of distribution, and related complications...
September 6, 2016: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544564/management-of-extramammary-paget-s-disease-with-a-staged-modified-mohs-technique
#4
Anant Shukla, Matthew Stringer, Pansy Uberoi, Steven Hudak, George Kallingal
Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is a rare intraepithelial adenocarcinoma arising from apocrine glands. We describe an innovative surgical technique to manage extensive cutaneous malignancies in a notoriously challenging location. The patient is a 78-year-old male who presented with 'jock itch' on his left groin refractory to topical treatment. A shave biopsy of the lesion demonstrated non-invasive EMPD which yielded a urology consult. Rather than the standard wide local excision (WLE), which can lead to positive margins, progression, and recurrence, we used a modified the Mohs technique and staged the procedure, providing excellent oncologic and cosmetic outcomes...
August 2016: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27376420/laparoscopic-surgery-for-pancreatic-insulinomas-an-update
#5
REVIEW
Chrysanthi Aggeli, Alexander M Nixon, Ioannis Karoumpalis, Gregory Kaltsas, George N Zografos
Insulinomas are the most common functioning neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas, occurring in almost 1-4 per 1 million persons each year. In contrast to other pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, they are usually benign and solitary at the time of diagnosis. Due to their benign nature, surgical excision is the treatment of choice, with excellent long-term results. The introduction of minimally invasive techniques in the surgical treatment of insulinoma has been gaining popularity due to shorter length of hospital stay and better cosmetic results, with serious complications being comparable to those of open surgery...
April 2016: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294044/endoscopic-and-robotic-parathyroidectomy-in-patients-with-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#6
REVIEW
Laurent Brunaud, Zhen Li, Klaas Van Den Heede, Thomas Cuny, Sam Van Slycke
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is one of the most common endocrine disorders for which parathyroidectomy is the most effective therapy. Until late 1970s, the standard approach to parathyroidectomy was a four-gland exploration using a large skin incision. However, 80 to 85 percent of cases of PHPT are caused by a single adenoma. As such, the concept of performing a bilateral exploration in order to visualize all four glands has been argued to be excessive since in the majority of cases, there is only one abnormal gland...
June 2016: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294042/endoscopic-thyroidectomy-the-transoral-approach
#7
REVIEW
Kai Witzel, Achim Hellinger, Cornelia Kaminski, Tahar Benhidjeb
Transoral endoscopic thyroid surgery seems to be the logical consequence in the evolution of thyroid surgery. Animal and cadaver studies have shown that different endoscopic techniques can be performed in a safe and successful way. Presently, the minimally invasive aspect and cosmetic advantage seem to be the most important factor for the patients. However, even if these procedures are feasible in patients, the transoral access must still be considered as experimental. In this study then we aim at comparing the available literature on transoral thyroid surgery with our own experience in this field...
June 2016: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128251/neck-rejuvenation-using-a-combination-approach-our-experience-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
Monique Vanaman, Sabrina Guillen Fabi, Sue Ellen Cox
BACKGROUND: Aging of the neck is characterized by changes that include skin dyspigmentation, laxity, rhytides, loss of the mandibular contour, widening of the cervicomental angle, accumulation of submental fat, volume loss and prominence of the platysmal bands. Many cosmetic options exist to address these changes individually, but little literature exists about the safety and efficacy of combining such procedures and devices. OBJECTIVE: To review the existing literature and the authors' experience in safely and effectively combining aesthetic rejuvenation modalities for the neck...
May 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26862490/current-status-of-ultrasound-guided-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-breast-cancer
#9
REVIEW
José H Volders, Max H Haloua, Nicole Ma Krekel, Sybren Meijer, Petrousjka M van den Tol
The primary goal of breast-conserving surgery (BCS) is to obtain tumour-free resection margins. Margins positive or focally positive for tumour cells are associated with a high risk of local recurrence, and in the case of tumour-positive margins, re-excision or even mastectomy are sometimes needed to achieve definite clear margins. Unfortunately, tumour-involved margins and re-excisions after lumpectomy are still reported in up to 40% of patients and additionally, unnecessary large excision volumes are described...
February 10, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26799634/de-novo-design-of-skin-penetrating-peptides-for-enhanced-transdermal-delivery-of-peptide-drugs
#10
Stefano Menegatti, Michael Zakrewsky, Sunny Kumar, Joshua Sanchez De Oliveira, John A Muraski, Samir Mitragotri
Skin-penetrating peptides (SPPs) are attracting increasing attention as a non-invasive strategy for transdermal delivery of therapeutics. The identification of SPP sequences, however, currently performed by experimental screening of peptide libraries, is very laborious. Recent studies have shown that, to be effective enhancers, SPPs must possess affinity for both skin keratin and the drug of interest. We therefore developed a computational process for generating and screening virtual libraries of disulfide-cyclic peptides against keratin and cyclosporine A (CsA) to identify SPPs capable of enhancing transdermal CsA delivery...
March 9, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26461823/current-understanding-of-seborrheic-keratosis-prevalence-etiology-clinical-presentation-diagnosis-and-management
#11
J Mark Jackson, Andrew Alexis, Brian Berman, Diane S Berson, Susan Taylor, Jonathan S Weiss
Seborrheic keratosis (SK) is among the most common cutaneous lesions, affecting some 83 million Americans. Biologically benign, SK lesions do not require removal for medical reasons unless histologic confirmation of the clinical diagnosis is required or the lesions are traumatized and/or become symptomatic. These macular or popular pigmented lesions are often of cosmetic concern to patients. In addition, their natural history of gradually increasing in size, thickness, and/or pigmentation often serves as the impetus compelling patients to present to a dermatologist for evaluation and skin cancer screening; SK is diagnosed and managed primarily by dermatologists...
October 2015: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26446332/indications-for-eye-removal-surgeries-a-15-year-experience-at-a-tertiary-military-hospital
#12
Mehmet T Koylu, Gokcen Gokce, Yusuf Uysal, Osman M Ceylan, Dorukcan Akıncıoglu, Armagan Gunal
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the indications and types of eye removals at a military tertiary care hospital in Turkey. METHODS: The medical records (age, gender, affected eye, type of surgical procedure, indications of surgery) of 123 patients who underwent evisceration and enucleation in the course of a 15-year period (January 2000 to December 2014) at Gulhane Military Medical Academy, Ankara, Turkey were reviewed retrospectively. RESULTS: The mean age was 35...
October 2015: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26298244/management-of-complication-after-breast-augmentation-with-methacrylate
#13
Roberto Grella, Aurora Almadori, Antonio D'Ari, Vincenza Romanucci, Francesco D'Andrea
INTRODUCTION: Several alloplastic biomaterials are available for injection to the breast, nevertheless not all of them are approved for biomedical use. Although in North America and Western Europe experience with synthetic biomaterials for breast augmentation is very limited, migratory streams might expose physicians worldwide to manage the related complications of these procedures. The aim of this study was to share with other surgeons the case of a patient presenting complications after breast augmentation with an unknown synthetic substance containing methacrylate...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26245477/new-perspectives-in-the-pharmacological-treatment-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Paola Savoia, Ottavio Cremona, Paolo Fava
Non-melanoma skin cancers are the most common malignancy in humans, with a basal/squamous cell carcinoma incidence ratio of 4:1 in immunocompetent patients. Basal cell carcinoma rarely metastasizes but commonly causes significant local tissue destruction and disfigurement, whereas squamous cell carcinoma is associated with a substantial risk of recurrence and metastasis; the prognosis in metastatic patients is poor. Surgical approaches give a cure rate greater than 90% if appropriately applied, on the basis of the characteristics of the primary tumors and of the patients, but in selected cases, medical treatment (5-fluorouracil, imiquimod, diclofenac and, more recently, ingenol mebutate) is preferable to invasive procedures and provides a good chance of cure, with generally excellent cosmetic outcomes...
2016: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26233553/non-absorbable-sutures-are-associated-with-lower-recurrence-rates-in-laparoscopic-percutaneous-inguinal-hernia-ligation
#15
G M Grimsby, M A Keays, C Villanueva, N C Bush, W T Snodgrass, P C Gargollo, M A Jacobs
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic hernia repair with percutaneous ligation of the patent processes vaginalis is a minimally invasive alternative to open inguinal herniorrhaphy in children. With the camera port concealed at the umbilicus, this technique offers an excellent cosmetic result. It is also faster than the traditional laparoscopic repair with no differences in complication rates or hospital stay. The goal of this study was to describe a series of consecutive patients, emphasizing the impact of suture materials (absorbable vs...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26228829/photodynamic-therapy-for-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-of-the-genital-area-our-experience
#16
LETTER
Catharina Fluehler, Claudia Colli, Alessandro Gatti, Giusto Trevisan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26086413/topical-and-systemic-medical-treatments-of-basal-cell-carcinoma
#17
P Sollena, L Del Regno, M C Fargnoli, K Peris
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common non melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in white individuals over the age of 40 years. BCCs usually grow slowly and rarely metastasize, but can be locally invasive if neglected or of an aggressive subtype. The local tissue destruction caused by an untreated BCC can be extensive, therefore optimal treatment should lead to tumour clearance. Surgery and topical medical treatments are successful therapeutic options for most superficial and nodular BCC. Systemic medical treatments may be considered when surgical procedures are not recommended on the basis of the anatomical site and tumor extension, and patients' associated comorbidities...
August 2015: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25732967/propensity-score-analysis-of-outcomes-following-minimal-access-versus-conventional-aortic-valve-replacement
#18
Sharaf-Eldin Shehada, Öznur Öztürk, Michael Wottke, Rüdiger Lange
OBJECTIVES: Minimal access aortic valve replacement has become routine in many institutions. Aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes between conventional and minimal access aortic valve replacement. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the data of 2103 patients who underwent primary, isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) in our institution between January 2001 and May 2012 with a minimal access AVR (MAAVR) via the upper partial ministernotomy approach (n = 936) or conventional AVR (CAVR) via the full sternotomy approach (n = 1167)...
February 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25604307/-operation-time-for-suprapubic-transumbilical-cholecystectomy-results-of-a-prospective-randomized-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J Hipp, J Laniewski, E Gitei, S Elhabash, O Akkermann, B Gerdes
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade new innovative minimally invasive techniques (e.g. transvaginal cholecystectomy and single incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy) have been developed to reduce operative trauma, postoperative pain and to achieve better cosmetic results. Nevertheless, most of these techniques are more difficult and time-consuming than conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy (CLC). A new approach, the Minden technique for combined suprapubic transumbilical cholecystectomy (MI-CHE) has been proven to provide a very good cosmetic outcome with reduced operative trauma...
September 2015: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25461107/non-invasive-biomonitoring-for-pfrs-and-pbdes-new-insights-in-analysis-of-human-hair-externally-exposed-to-selected-flame-retardants
#20
Agnieszka Kucharska, Adrian Covaci, Guido Vanermen, Stefan Voorspoels
In this study, we investigated the hypothesis whether externally adsorbed and internally deposited flame retardants (FRs) in hair could be distinguished. To this extent, hair samples collected from one volunteer were exposed under controlled conditions to phosphate FR (PFR) and polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) standards to mimic external contamination. Afterwards, suitable washing procedures to selectively remove contaminants from the hair surface were investigated. The samples were measured by GC-(ECNI)-MS for PBDEs and LC-(ESI+)-MS/MS for PFRs...
February 1, 2015: Science of the Total Environment
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