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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551735/primary-headaches-and-school-performance-is-there-a-connection
#1
REVIEW
J Genizi, V Guidetti, M A Arruda
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Headache is a common complaint among children and adolescents. School functioning is one of the most important life domains impacted by chronic pain in children. This review discusses the epidemiological and pathophysiological connections between headaches and school functioning including a suggested clinical approach. RECENT FINDINGS: The connection between recurrent and chronic headache and learning disabilities might be psychosocial (fear of failure) or anatomical (malfunctioning of the frontal and prefrontal areas)...
July 2017: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551500/psychiatric-side-effects-and-antiepileptic-drugs-observations-from-prospective-audits
#2
Linda J Stephen, Abbie Wishart, Martin J Brodie
Psychiatric comorbidities are common in people with epilepsy. A retrospective study of characteristics associated with withdrawal due to psychiatric side effects was undertaken in patients with treated epilepsy participating in prospective audits with new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). A total of 1058 treated patients with uncontrolled seizures (942 focal-onset seizures, 116 generalized genetic epilepsies [GGEs]) participated in eight prospective, observational audits from 1996 to 2014. These patients were prescribed adjunctive topiramate (n=170), levetiracetam (n=220), pregabalin (n=135), zonisamide (n=203), lacosamide (n=160), eslicarbazepine acetate (n=52), retigabine (n=64), or perampanel (n=54)...
May 25, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547011/the-effect-of-visual-variability-on-the-learning-of-academic-concepts
#3
Ashley Bourgoyne, Mary Alt
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify effects of variability of visual input on development of conceptual representations of academic concepts for college-age students with normal language (NL) and those with language-learning disabilities (LLD). Method: Students with NL (n = 11) and LLD (n = 11) participated in a computer-based training for introductory biology course concepts. Participants were trained on half the concepts under a low-variability condition and half under a high-variability condition...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545425/mental-health-training-programmes-for-non-mental-health-trained-professionals-coming-into-contact-with-people-with-mental-ill-health-a-systematic-review-of-effectiveness
#4
Alison Booth, Arabella Scantlebury, Adwoa Hughes-Morley, Natasha Mitchell, Kath Wright, William Scott, Catriona McDaid
BACKGROUND: The police and others in occupations where they come into close contact with people experiencing/with mental ill health, often have to manage difficult and complex situations. Training is needed to equip them to recognise and assist when someone has a mental health issue or learning/intellectual disability. We undertook a systematic review of the effectiveness of training programmes aimed at increasing knowledge, changing behaviour and/or attitudes of the trainees with regard to mental ill health, mental vulnerability, and learning disabilities...
May 25, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544583/improving-the-occupational-skills-of-students-with-intellectual-disability-by-applying-video-prompting-combined-with-dance-pads
#5
Mei-Lan Lin, Ming-Shan Chiang, Ching-Hsiang Shih, Meng-Fang Li
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) are prone to inattention, are slow in learning and reaction, and have deficits in memory skills. Providing proper vocational education and training for individuals with intellectual disability is able to enhance their occupational skills. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study applied video prompting to provide instructional prompts to help participants accurately perform an assigned occupational activity. A control system installed with developed software was used to turn a standard dance pad into a sensor to detect the participants' standing position and to automatically trigger video prompting...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544066/type-2-diabetes-and-glucose-intolerance-in-a-population-with-intellectual-disabilities-the-stop-diabetes-cross-sectional-screening-study
#6
A J Dunkley, F Tyrer, L J Gray, S Bhaumik, R Spong, Y Chudasama, S-A Cooper, S Ganghadaran, M Davies, K Khunti
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) may be at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, due to lifestyle factors, medications and other diagnosed conditions. Currently, there is lack of evidence on prevalence and prevention in this population. The aim of this study was to conduct a diabetes screening programme to determine prevalence of previously undiagnosed type 2 diabetes and impaired glucose regulation in people with ID. METHODS: Screening was conducted in a variety of community settings in Leicestershire, UK...
May 21, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542865/disruption-of-ywhae-gene-at-17p13-3-causes-learning-disabilities-and-brain-abnormalities
#7
Abdul Noor, Simina Bogatan, Nicholas Watkins, Wendy S Meschino, Dimitri J Stavropoulos
There is a broad phenotypic spectrum of patients with 17p13.3 deletions. One of the most prominent features is lissencephaly caused by haploinsufficiency of the gene PAFAH1B1. The deletion of this gene and those distal to it, results in Miller-Dieker syndrome, however there have been many reports of patients with haploinsufficiency of the distal genes alone. The deletions of these genes including YWHAE, CRK and TUSC5 have been studied extensively and YWHAE has been postulated to be the cause of neurological abnormalities...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542302/influence-of-catch-up-growth-on-spatial-learning-and-memory-in-a-mouse-model-of-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#8
Cristina Duran Fernandez-Feijoo, Cristina Carrasco Carrasco, Núria Villalmazo Francisco, Judit Cebrià Romero, Jose Ramon Fernández Lorenzo, J C Jiménez-Chillaron, Marta Camprubí Camprubí
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and rapid postnatal weight gain or catch up growth (CUG) increase the susceptibility to metabolic syndrome during adult life. Longitudinal studies have also revealed a high incidence of learning difficulties in children with IUGR. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of nutrition and CUG on learning memory in an IUGR animal model. We hypothesized that synaptic protein expression and transcription, an essential mechanism for memory consolidation, might be affected by intrauterine undernutrition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541279/do-the-data-really-support-ordering-fragile-x-testing-as-a-first-tier-test-without-clinical-features
#9
Veronique Weinstein, Pranoot Tanpaiboon, Kimberly A Chapman, Nicholas Ah Mew, Sean Hofherr
PurposeCurrent guidelines recommend first-tier chromosome microarray analysis (CMA) and fragile X syndrome (FX) testing for males with isolated intellectual disabilities/learning delay (ID/LD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs).MethodsMales in our clinic with ID/LD or ASD (310) were analyzed for positive results from CMA and/or FX testing.ResultsCMA detected abnormalities in 29% of males with ID/LD and only 9% of males with ASD (including variants of uncertain significance and absence of heterozygosity). When males with ID/LD were tested for FX, the detection rate was 2...
May 25, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540525/identification-of-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome-via-newborn-screening-for-severe-combined-immunodeficiency
#10
Jessica C Barry, Terrence Blaine Crowley, Soma Jyonouchi, Jennifer Heimall, Elaine H Zackai, Kathleen E Sullivan, Donna M McDonald-McGinn
PURPOSE: Chromosome 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS), the most common cause of DiGeorge syndrome, is quite variable. Neonatal diagnosis traditionally relies on recognition of classic features and cytogenetic testing, but many patients come to attention only following identification of later onset conditions, such as hypernasal speech due to palatal insufficiency and developmental and behavioral differences including speech delay, autism, and learning disabilities that would benefit from early interventions...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538827/metacognitive-reading-strategies-of-children-with-learning-disabilities
#11
Ana Paola Nicolielo-Carrilho, Simone Rocha de Vasconcellos Hage
Purpose: to check the use of metacognitive reading strategies in children with learning disabilities and determine whether there is a relationship between their use and text comprehension. Methods: the study was conducted on 30 children, aged 8 to 12 years, of both genders, divided into experimental group (EG) - 15 children with learning disabilities; and control group (CG) - 15 children without disability. All children were submitted to the Reading Strategies Scale and Prolec text comprehension subtest...
May 15, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538047/auditory-processing-disorder-what-does-it-mean-and-what-can-be-done
#12
Krista Bartlett, Elissa Kelley, Julie Purdy, Martin T Stein
Julian, an 11-year-old boy in the sixth grade with a compliant disposition and a positive attitude, has had a significant decline in his academic performance over the last 2 years. He spends much of his time in the nurse's office with headaches and fatigue. He reports that he cannot concentrate or follow along in class. Vision and hearing screenings were normal.Julian's teachers report that although he has no behavior problem, he is inattentive and does not put forth the effort she feels he is capable of giving...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537174/hca-award-winner-s-passion-and-enthusiasm-shine-through
#13
Elaine Cole
A healthcare assistant who significantly improved care for people with learning disabilities through an individualised, gentler approach to taking blood has been recognised with a prestigious RCNi Nurse Award. Cemlyn Roberts, who works for Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board in Wales, won the RCN Healthcare Assistant award category.
May 24, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530089/use-of-low-frequency-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-to-reduce-context-dependent-learning-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease
#14
Ya-Yun Lee, Beth E Fisher
BACKGROUND: Compared with age-matched non-disabled adults, people with Parkinson's disease (PD) demonstrated greater context-dependent learning, a phenomenon in which an individual shows inferior motor performance when the testing environmental context is different from the original practice context. Additionally, enhanced context- dependency has been shown to be associated with an increased activation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). AIM: This study aimed to determine whether context-dependent learning in people with PD could be reduced by decreasing DLPFC activation with low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529493/improving-learning-outcomes-the-ipad-and-preschool-children-with-disabilities
#15
Linda Chmiliar
The digital age has reached early childhood, and the use of touch screens by young children is common place. Research on the use of touch screen tablets with young children is becoming more prevalent; however, less information is available on the use of touch screen tablets to support young children with disabilities. Touch screen tablets may offer possibilities to preschool children with disabilities to participate in learning in a digital way. The iPad provides easy interaction on the touch screen and access to a multitude of engaging early learning applications...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526295/large-scale-exploratory-genetic-analysis-of-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Ignacio F Mata, Catherine O Johnson, James B Leverenz, Daniel Weintraub, John Q Trojanowski, Vivianna M Van Deerlin, Beate Ritz, Rebecca Rausch, Stewart A Factor, Cathy Wood-Siverio, Joseph F Quinn, Kathryn A Chung, Amie L Peterson-Hiller, Alberto J Espay, Fredy J Revilla, Johnna Devoto, Dora Yearout, Shu-Ching Hu, Brenna A Cholerton, Thomas J Montine, Karen L Edwards, Cyrus P Zabetian
Cognitive impairment is a common and disabling problem in Parkinson's disease (PD). Identification of genetic variants that influence the presence or severity of cognitive deficits in PD might provide a clearer understanding of the pathophysiology underlying this important nonmotor feature. We genotyped 1105 PD patients from the PD Cognitive Genetics Consortium for 249,336 variants using the NeuroX array. Participants underwent assessments of learning and memory (Hopkins Verbal Learning Test-Revised [HVLT-R]), working memory/executive function (Letter-Number Sequencing and Trail Making Test [TMT] A and B), language processing (semantic and phonemic verbal fluency), visuospatial abilities (Benton Judgment of Line Orientation [JoLO]), and global cognitive function (Montreal Cognitive Assessment)...
April 20, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514911/action-learning-across-the-decades
#17
Ken Eason
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore how action learning concepts were used in two healthcare projects undertaken many decades apart. The specific purpose in both cases was to examine how action learning can contribute to shared learning across key stakeholders in a complex socio-technical system. In each case study, action learning supported joint design programmes and the sharing of perspectives about the complex system under investigation. Design/methodology/approach Two action learning projects are described: first, the Hospital Internal Communications (HIC) project led by Reg Revans in the 1960s...
May 2, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513769/the-situation-of-nursing-education-in-latin-america-and-the-caribbean-towards-universal-health
#18
Silvia Helena De Bortoli Cassiani, Lynda Law Wilson, Sabrina de Souza Elias Mikael, Laura Morán Peña, Rosa Amarilis Zarate Grajales, Linda L McCreary, Lisa Theus, Maria Del Carmen Gutierrez Agudelo, Adriana da Silva Felix, Jacqueline Molina de Uriza, Nathaly Rozo Gutierrez
Objective: to assess the situation of nursing education and to analyze the extent to which baccalaureate level nursing education programs in Latin America and the Caribbean are preparing graduates to contribute to the achievement of Universal Health. Method: quantitative, descriptive/exploratory, cross-sectional study carried out in 25 countries. Results: a total of 246 nursing schools participated in the study. Faculty with doctoral level degrees totaled 31...
May 11, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513362/nursingstandard-com
#19
(no author information available yet)
1. The innovation, talent and skill of the UK's nursing profession has been celebrated at the RCNi Nurse Awards 2017. Categories included learning disability nursing, child health and cancer nursing. Read more: rcni.com/winner-2017.
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503957/a-model-for-developing-disability-confidence
#20
Sally Lindsay, Sara Cancelliere
PURPOSE: Many clinicians, educators, and employers lack disability confidence which can affect their interactions with, and inclusion of people with disabilities. Our objective was to explore how disability confidence developed among youth who volunteered with children who have a disability. METHODS: We conducted 30 in-depth interviews (16 without a disability, 14 with disabilities), with youth aged 15-25. We analyzed our data using an interpretive, qualitative, thematic approach...
May 15, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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