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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230428/improving-the-care-of-children-with-learning-disabilities-in-hospital
#1
Alan Glasper
Emeritus Professor Alan Glasper, from the University of Southampton, discusses care delivery for children with learning disabilities or autism who require a hospital stay, prompted by the recent Lenehan report.
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230061/neurofibromatosis-type-1
#2
REVIEW
David H Gutmann, Rosalie E Ferner, Robert H Listernick, Bruce R Korf, Pamela L Wolters, Kimberly J Johnson
Neurofibromatosis type 1 is a complex autosomal dominant disorder caused by germline mutations in the NF1 tumour suppressor gene. Nearly all individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1 develop pigmentary lesions (café-au-lait macules, skinfold freckling and Lisch nodules) and dermal neurofibromas. Some individuals develop skeletal abnormalities (scoliosis, tibial pseudarthrosis and orbital dysplasia), brain tumours (optic pathway gliomas and glioblastoma), peripheral nerve tumours (spinal neurofibromas, plexiform neurofibromas and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours), learning disabilities, attention deficits, and social and behavioural problems, which can negatively affect quality of life...
February 23, 2017: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229379/a-novel-frameshift-mutation-in-the-sterol-27-hydroxylase-gene-in-an-egyptian-family-with-cerebrotendinous-xanthomatosis-without-cataract
#3
Mohamed S Abdel-Hamid, Mahmoud Y Issa, Ghada A Otaify, Maha S Zaki
Cerebrotendinous xanthomatosis (CTX) is a rare autosomal recessive lipid storage disorder caused by deficiency of the mitochondrial cytochrome P450 sterol 27-hydroxylase enzyme encoded by CYP27A1 gene. CTX is characterized by tendon xanthomas, juvenile cataracts and multiple progressive neurological symptoms. Here we report on the clinical and molecular findings of a 35-years old Egyptian patient with CTX without cataract. Parents were first cousins with family history of two deceased sibs with mild impaired cognitive functions and epilepsy without appearance of tendon xanthomas...
February 22, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227679/wildcard-a-wearable-virtual-reality-storytelling-tool-for-children-with-intellectual-developmental-disability
#4
Mirko Gelsomini, Franca Garzotto, Daniele Montesano, Daniele Occhiuto, Mirko Gelsomini, Franca Garzotto, Daniele Montesano, Daniele Occhiuto, Daniele Montesano, Franca Garzotto, Mirko Gelsomini, Daniele Occhiuto
Our research aims at supporting existing therapies for children with intellectual and developmental disorders (IDD). The personal and social autonomy is the desired end state to be achieved to enable a smooth integration in the real world. We developed and tested a framework for storytelling and learning activities that exploits an immersive virtual reality viewer to interact with target users. We co-designed our system with experts from the medical sector, identifying features that allow patients to stay focused on exercises to perform...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227153/design-projects-motivated-and-informed-by-the-needs-of-severely-disabled-autistic-children
#5
Steve Warren, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Bala Natarajan, Charles Carlson, Kim Fowler, Ed Brokesh, Jack Xin, Wayne Piersel, Janine Kesterson, Steve Stoffregen, Steve Warren, Punit Prakash, David Thompson, Bala Natarajan, Charles Carlson, Kim Fowler, Ed Brokesh, Jack Xin, Wayne Piersel, Janine Kesterson, Steve Stoffregen, Janine Kesterson, Bala Natarajan, David Thompson, Steve Stoffregen, Steve Warren, Kim Fowler, Jack Xin, Punit Prakash, Charles Carlson, Wayne Piersel
Technology can positively impact the lives of severely disabled autistic children if used to (a) gather situational awareness data regarding their health, development, and behavior and (b) assist them with learning and day-to-day activities. This paper summarizes student design projects in the Kansas State University (KSU) College of Engineering that are motivated and informed by the needs of severely disabled children at Heartspring, Wichita, KS. These efforts are supported through the National Science Foundation's General and Age-Related Disabilities Engineering (GARDE) program...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227151/a-community-based-interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-engineering-course
#6
Mary Lundy, Juan Aceros, Mary Lundy, Juan Aceros, Juan Aceros, Mary Lundy
A novel, community-based course was created through collaboration between the School of Engineering and the Physical Therapy program at the University of North Florida. This course offers a hands-on, interdisciplinary training experience for undergraduate engineering students through team-based design projects where engineering students are partnered with physical therapy students. Students learn the process of design, fabrication and testing of low-tech and high-tech rehabilitation technology for children with disabilities, and are exposed to a clinical experience under the guidance of licensed therapists...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227032/a-statistical-model-for-stroke-outcome-prediction-and-treatment-planning
#7
Abhishek Sengupta, Vaibhav Rajan, Sakyajit Bhattacharya, G R K Sarma, Abhishek Sengupta, Vaibhav Rajan, Sakyajit Bhattacharya, G R K Sarma, Abhishek Sengupta, Grk Sarma, Vaibhav Rajan, Sakyajit Bhattacharya
Stroke is a major cause of mortality and long-term disability in the world. Predictive outcome models in stroke are valuable for personalized treatment, rehabilitation planning and in controlled clinical trials. We design a new multi-class classification model to predict outcome in the short-term, the putative therapeutic window for several treatments. Our model addresses the challenges of class imbalance, where the training data is dominated by samples of a single class, and highly correlated predictor and outcome variables, which makes learning the effects of treatments on the outcome difficult...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225843/-poverty-and-mental-disability-in-the-criminal-law-the-invisibles
#8
Ezequiel N Mercurio
In recent decades neuroscience research show the negative consequences of poverty in cognitive development. Environmental factors, such as material deprivation, exposure to stressful situations, violence, nutritional deprivation, environmental toxins may shape the developing brain. The changes of the structure and function of the brain since prenatal stages and their consequences can remain stable throughout the life cycle except early interventions are made. Research investigating have found significant link between child poverty and function and structural brain focusing on prefrontal cortex (i...
May 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225543/cuba-s-aging-and-alzheimer-longitudinal-study
#9
Juan de Jesús Llibre-Rodríguez, Adolfo Valhuerdi-Cepero, Ana M López-Medina, Lisseth Noriega-Fernández, Rutbeskia Porto-Álvarez, Milagros A Guerra-Hernández, Rodolfo I Bosch-Bayard, Tania Zayas-Llerena, Elaine Hernandez-Ulloa, Ana L Rodríguez-Blanco, Enrique Salazar-Pérez, Juan C Llibre-Guerra, Jorge J Llibre-Guerra, Beatriz Marcheco-Teruel
Aging and Alzheimer is a prospective, longitudinal cohort study involving 2944 adults aged ≥65 years from selected areas in Cuba's Havana and Matanzas Provinces. This door-to-door study, which began in 2003, includes periodic assessments of the cohort based on an interview; physical exam; anthropometric measurements; and diagnosis of dementia and its subtypes, other mental disorders, and other chronic non-communicable diseases and their risk factors. Information was gathered on sociodemographic characteristics; disability, dependency and frailty; use of health services; and characteristics of care and caregiver burden...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224852/student-life-expanding-the-boundaries
#10
Helen Laverty
As a learning disability nurse, you will be equipped with the same professional toolkit as your colleagues in the adult, children's and mental health branches: the only difference is where you have chosen to use it.
February 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222546/recovering-functional-independence-after-a-stroke-through-modified-constraint-induced-therapy
#11
A Doussoulin, M Arancibia, J Saiz, A Silva, M Luengo
BACKGROUND: Population ageing and changes in the epidemiological profile of neurological pathologies has resulted in an increase in patients with disabilities. Rehabilitation strategies such as Modified Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMTm) play a key role in treating patients with neurologic deficiencies and motor impairments. This intervention is intended to mitigate disability, promote maximum functional independence, and optimize social and economic participation of patients with upper extremity weakness...
January 31, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219110/estimating-inverse-probability-weights-using-super-learner-when-weight-model-specification-is-unknown-in-a-marginal-structural-cox-model-context
#12
Mohammad Ehsanul Karim, Robert W Platt
Correct specification of the inverse probability weighting (IPW) model is necessary for consistent inference from a marginal structural Cox model (MSCM). In practical applications, researchers are typically unaware of the true specification of the weight model. Nonetheless, IPWs are commonly estimated using parametric models, such as the main-effects logistic regression model. In practice, assumptions underlying such models may not hold and data-adaptive statistical learning methods may provide an alternative...
February 20, 2017: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218493/improving-vision-awareness-in-autism-services-evaluation-of-a-dedicated-education-programme-for-support-practitioners
#13
Joseph J Long, Maggie Butchart, Michael Brown, Janice Bain, Anne McMillan, Thanos Karatzias
BACKGROUND: The research reported here sought to evaluate whether a dedicated education programme in vision awareness improved the knowledge and skills of autism support practitioners in identifying visual impairment in autistic people with intellectual disabilities and providing better support to those individuals identified as visually impaired. METHODS: Researchers undertook a mixed methods evaluation. A survey questionnaire was devised and administered before and after training and focus groups were undertaken in order to gain qualitative data relating how practitioners implemented their learning in practice...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217086/increased-sparsity-of-hippocampal-ca1-neuronal-ensembles-in-a-mouse-model-of-down-syndrome-assayed-by-arc-expression
#14
Constance L Smith-Hicks, Peiling Cai, Alena V Savonenko, Roger H Reeves, Paul F Worley
Down syndrome (DS) is the leading chromosomal cause of intellectual disability, yet the neural substrates of learning and memory deficits remain poorly understood. Here, we interrogate neural networks linked to learning and memory in a well-characterized model of DS, the Ts65Dn mouse. We report that Ts65Dn mice exhibit exploratory behavior that is not different from littermate wild-type (WT) controls yet behavioral activation of Arc mRNA transcription in pyramidal neurons of the CA1 region of the hippocampus is altered in Ts65Dn mice...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216749/percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-results-of-first-100-cases
#15
Kanthila Mahesha
BACKGROUND: Lumbar disc herniation is a major cause of back pain and sciatica. The surgical management of lumbar disc prolapse has evolved from exploratory laminectomy to percutaneous endoscopic discectomy. Percutaneous endoscopic discectomy is the least invasive procedure for lumbar disc prolapse. The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical outcome, quality of life, neurologic function, and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients with lumbar disc prolapse who were treated with percutaneous endoscopic discectomy from May 2012 to January 2014 were included in this retrospective study...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211980/constitutional-bone-impairment-in-noonan-syndrome
#16
Giuseppina Baldassarre, Alessandro Mussa, Diana Carli, Cristina Molinatto, Giovanni Battista Ferrero
Noonan syndrome (NS) is an autosomal dominant trait characterized by genotypic and phenotypic variability. It belongs to the Ras/MAPK pathway disorders collectively named Rasopathies or neurocardiofaciocutaneous syndromes. Phenotype is characterized by short stature, congenital heart defects, facial dysmorphisms, skeletal and ectodermal anomalies, cryptorchidism, mild to moderate developmental delay/learning disability, and tumor predisposition. Short stature and skeletal dysmorphisms are almost constant and several studies hypothesized a role for the RAS pathway in regulating bone metabolism...
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208966/study-of-parental-perceptions-on-health-social-needs-of-children-with-neuro-developmental-disability-and-it-s-impact-on-the-family
#17
Nusrat Jahan Rafique Ansari, Ramchandra Keshav Dhongade, Preeti Sagar Lad, Ashwin Borade, Suvarna Yg, Vishal Yadav, Ashwini Mehetre, Rahul Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: The term Neuro Developmental Disorder (NDD) is used for conditions caused by a dysfunction in any part of the brain or nervous system, resulting in physical and/or psychological symptoms as a child develops. Family of children with NDD face many problems. It is very important to find them and create awareness so that gaps in essential services and supports can be decreased. AIM: To explore parental perceptions on health & social needs of children with NDD, to understand the impact of disability on the families having children with disability, and to find out the parental perceptions on availability of services for children with NDD and its utilization by families...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208734/towards-building-a-computer-aided-education-system-for-special-students-using-wearable-sensor-technologies
#18
Raja Majid Mehmood, Hyo Jong Lee
Human computer interaction is a growing field in terms of helping people in their daily life to improve their living. Especially, people with some disability may need an interface which is more appropriate and compatible with their needs. Our research is focused on similar kinds of problems, such as students with some mental disorder or mood disruption problems. To improve their learning process, an intelligent emotion recognition system is essential which has an ability to recognize the current emotional state of the brain...
February 8, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207675/acculturation-and-self-management-perceptions-among-mexican-american-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Julie Plasencia, Sharon Hoerr, Marsha Carolan, Lorraine Weatherspoon
Because type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is disproportionately high among Mexican Americans in the United States, this study examined how acculturation influences T2DM self-management, a critical component for disease outcome. Qualitative interviews of 24 low-income Mexican American patients with T2DM were matched to their biomedical and dietary data and degree of acculturation. Greater acculturation to the United States was associated with less favorable diabetes control, fiber density, leisure-time physical activity, and more physical disability...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205296/effects-of-mindfulness-based-intervention-to-improve-task-performance-for-children-with-intellectual-disabilities
#20
Jeongil Kim, Miyoung Kwon
BACKGROUND: Task performance is a critical factor for learning in individuals with intellectual disabilities. This study aimed to examine mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) to improve task performance for children with intellectual disability (ID). METHODS: Three elementary school children with ID participated in the study. A multiple baseline design across subjects was used. The intervention was consisted of "understanding the necessary concept of mindfulness, practice of awareness and attention, and practice focusing on mindful behaviours...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
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