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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465046/social-value-orientation-modulates-the-frn-and-p300-in-the-chicken-game
#1
Yiwen Wang, D Michael Kuhlman, Kathryn Roberts, Bo Yuan, Zhen Zhang, Wei Zhang, Robert F Simons
Social dilemmas pervade daily life, business, and politics. The manners in which these dilemmas are resolved depend in part on the personal characteristics of those involved. One such characteristic is Social Value Orientation (SVO), a trait-like predisposition to maximize cooperative (Pro-Social) or non-cooperative (Pro-Self) outcomes in social relationships. The present study investigated the role of SVO in modulating neural responses to outcomes in a type of social dilemma known as the Chicken Game. The Chicken Game models real-world situations involving two parties independently making a decision between cooperation and aggression...
May 2, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344564/investigating-the-grammatical-and-pragmatic-origins-of-wh-questions-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#2
Manya Jyotishi, Deborah Fein, Letitia Naigles
Compared to typically developing children, children with autism (ASD) show delayed production of wh-questions. It is currently controversial the degree to which such deficits derive from social-pragmatic requirements and/or because these are complex grammatical structures. The current study employed the intermodal preferential looking (IPL) paradigm, which reduces social-pragmatic demands. The IPL paradigm can help distinguish these proposals, as successful comprehension promotes the "pragmatics-origins" argument whereas comprehension difficulties would implicate a "grammatical-origins" argument...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293201/accessibility-of-referent-information-influences-sentence-planning-an-eye-tracking-study
#3
Lesya Y Ganushchak, Agnieszka E Konopka, Yiya Chen
This study investigated the time-course of online sentence formulation (i.e., incrementality in sentence planning) as a function of the preceding discourse context. In two eye-tracking experiments, participants described pictures of transitive events (e.g., a frog catching a fly). The accessibility of the agent (Experiment 1) and patient (Experiment 2) was manipulated in the discourse preceding each picture. In the Literal condition, participants heard a story where the agent or patient was mentioned explicitly (fly, frog)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274761/developmental-toxicity-in-flounder-embryos-exposed-to-crude-oils-derived-from-different-geographical-regions
#4
Jee-Hyun Jung, Eun-Hee Lee, Kwang-Min Choi, Un Hyuk Yim, Sung Yong Ha, Joon Geon An, Moonkoo Kim
Crude oils from distinct geographical regions have distinct chemical compositions, and, as a result, their toxicity may be different. However, developmental toxicity of crude oils derived from different geographical regions has not been extensively characterized. In this study, flounder embryos were separately exposed to effluents contaminated by three crude oils including: Basrah Light (BLO), Pyrenees (PCO), and Sakhalin Vityaz (SVO), in addition to a processed fuel oil (MFO-380), to measure developmental toxicity and for gene expressions...
March 6, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913202/adiponectin-gene-polymorphism-and-ischemic-stroke-subtypes-in-a-chinese-population
#5
Shanshan Li, Ning Lu, Zhongnan Li, Bin Jiao, Hanping Wang, Jia Yang, Tao Yu
As an adipose tissue-specific protein, adiponectin has been suggested as a protective factor for stroke, acting through anti-inflammatory and antiatherogenic effects. Therefore, we aimed to investigate whether 3 polymorphisms (rs1501299, rs2241767, and rs3774261) in the adiponectin (ADIPOQ) gene and their haplotypes were associated with ischemic stroke (IS) and its subtypes in a Chinese population. ADIPOQ gene rs1501299, rs2241767, and rs3774261 polymorphisms were analyzed in 385 IS patients, including 182 patients with large-artery atherosclerosis (LAA), 203 patients with small-vessel occlusion (SVO), and 418 matched controls...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867178/mtf-measurement-of-mr-blurring-in-liver-dynamic-mri-with-gd-eob-dtpa
#6
Masashi Kikuchi, Norio Hayashi, Kazuma Yarita, Kozue Sakata, Koichi Ujita, Satoshi Matsuda, Yuichi Teduka
During the arterial phase acquisition of Gd-EOB-DTPA examinations, use of a small volume of the Gd-EOB-DTPA may make it difficult the encoding center of the k-space, and produce blurring. The previous studies revealed the encoding technique of the k-space was one of the most important reasons. However, there is no report to discuss the reasons with quantitative evaluations. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the characteristics of the artifacts using different k-space encoding techniques (centric-view ordering (CVO) and sequential-view ordering (SVO)) for liver dynamic MRI in computer simulation study...
2016: Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790165/greater-left-inferior-frontal-activation-for-svo-than-vos-during-sentence-comprehension-in-kaqchikel
#7
Masatoshi Koizumi, Jungho Kim
Cortical activations during the processing of Kaqchikel transitive sentences with canonical and non-canonical word orders were investigated using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Kaqchikel is an endangered Mayan language spoken in Guatemala. The word order in this language is relatively flexible. We observed higher cortical activations in the left inferior frontal gyrus for sentences with the subject-verb-object (SVO) word order, as compared to sentences with the verb-object-subject (VOS) word order, suggesting that Kaqchikel sentences are easier to process when they have the VOS order than when they have the SVO order...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772788/association-of-serum-uric-acid-and-cardioembolic-stroke-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke
#8
Xiu-Li Yang, Yerim Kim, Tae Jung Kim, Seunguk Jung, Chi Kyung Kim, Seung-Hoon Lee
BACKGROUND: Although high uric acid levels have been reported to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and stroke, the relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and cardioembolic stroke (CES) has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we sought to investigate the relationship between the risk of CES and SUA levels. We hypothesized that SUA concentrations are associated with CES. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 2350 patients with acute ischemic stroke who were admitted to the Seoul National University Hospital between 2002 and 2010...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733027/difference-in-the-location-and-risk-factors-of-cerebral-microbleeds-according-to-ischemic-stroke-subtypes
#9
Bum Joon Kim, Youngshin Yoon, Hoyon Sohn, Dong-Wha Kang, Jong S Kim, Sun U Kwon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The location of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) may differ according to ischemic stroke subtype, and the underlying pathomechanism may differ by their location. Here, we investigated the characteristics of CMBs according to various ischemic stroke subtypes to verify this issue. METHODS: Patients with acute ischemic stroke were consecutively included. The presence of CMBs was determined by gradient echo image sequence. The distribution of CMBs was classified as deep, lobar, or diffuse (both deep and lobar)...
September 2016: Journal of Stroke
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649736/incidence-predictors-and-etiology-of-subsequent-ischemic-stroke-within-one-year-after-transient-ischemic-attack
#10
Toshiyuki Uehara, Kazuo Minematsu, Tomoyuki Ohara, Kazumi Kimura, Yasushi Okada, Yasuhiro Hasegawa, Norio Tanahashi, Akifumi Suzuki, Shigeharu Takagi, Jyoji Nakagawara, Kazumasa Arii, Shinji Nagahiro, Kuniaki Ogasawara, Shinichiro Uchiyama, Masayasu Matsumoto, Koji Iihara, Kazunori Toyoda
Background Incidence and predictors of ischemic stroke in patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) have not been fully clarified outside Europe and North America. Aims We undertook the present prospective, multicenter study to clarify the incidence, predictors, and etiology of ischemic stroke within one year of TIA onset in Japan. Methods The study subjects were patients within seven days of TIA onset who were enrolled in a prospective register from 57 hospitals between June 2011 and December 2013. The primary endpoint was occurrence of ischemic stroke...
January 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628385/simulation-of-oxygen-saturation-measurement-in-a-single-blood-vein
#11
Hamootal Duadi, Meir Nitzan, Dror Fixler
The value of oxygen saturation in venous blood, SvO<sub>2</sub>, has important clinical significance since it is related to the tissue oxygen utilization, which is related to the blood flow to the tissue and to its metabolism rate. However, existing pulse oximetry techniques are not suitable for blood in veins. In the current study we examine the feasibility of difference oximetry to assess SvO<sub>2</sub> by using two near-infrared wavelengths and collecting the backscattered light from two photodetectors located at different distances from the light source...
September 15, 2016: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445917/moderating-effects-of-social-value-orientation-on-the-effect-of-social-influence-in-prosocial-decisions
#12
Zhenyu Wei, Zhiying Zhao, Yong Zheng
Prosocial behaviors are susceptible to individuals' preferences regarding payoffs and social context. In the present study, we combined individual differences with social influence and attempted to discover the effect of social value orientation (SVO) and social influence on prosocial behavior in a trust game and a dictator game. Prosocial behavior in the trust game could be motivated by strategic considerations whereas individuals' decisions in the dictator game could be associated with their social preference...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27262278/morphological-and-elemental-properties-of-urban-aerosols-among-pm-events-and-different-traffic-systems
#13
Shila Maskey, Hoseung Chae, Kwangyul Lee, Nguyen Phuoc Dan, Tran Tien Khoi, Kihong Park
Morphology and elemental composition of individual fine ambient particles varied among types of PM events and between two different urban environments having different major transportation systems (gasoline/diesel vehicles versus motorcycles). Carbonaceous particles were the most dominant in PM events, whereas S-rich particles were the highest in non-events at urban Gwangju in Korea. The aged soot, semi-volatile organic (SVO), and non-volatile organic (NVO) particles were more abundant in the polluted-long range transport (LTP) event than those in the dust-LTP event and non-event...
November 5, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27249781/lsd-acutely-impairs-fear-recognition-and-enhances-emotional-empathy-and-sociality
#14
Patrick C Dolder, Yasmin Schmid, Felix Müller, Stefan Borgwardt, Matthias E Liechti
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) is used recreationally and has been evaluated as an adjunct to psychotherapy to treat anxiety in patients with life-threatening illness. LSD is well-known to induce perceptual alterations, but unknown is whether LSD alters emotional processing in ways that can support psychotherapy. We investigated the acute effects of LSD on emotional processing using the Face Emotion Recognition Task (FERT) and Multifaceted Empathy Test (MET). The effects of LSD on social behavior were tested using the Social Value Orientation (SVO) test...
October 2016: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27192847/-analysis-of-the-postoperative-course-of-complex-congenital-heart-diseases-simultaneous-correction-with-an-open-sternotomy-in-children-during-the-first-months-of-life
#15
I M Habibullin, P I Mironov, D V Onegov, R I Zaripova, I E Nikolaeva
UNLABELLED: In children during the first months of life delayed sternum closure is one of the few techniques increasing cardiac output after simultaneous correction of complex congenital heart defects (CHD). The aim of study was evaluating mortality, predictors of adverse outcome and frequency noncardial complications at of delayed sternum closure after correction of CHD. METHODS: Study design: a prospective, uncontrolled, cohort. 22 children were studied 6 children died...
January 2016: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27014113/when-high-capacity-readers-slow-down-and-low-capacity-readers-speed-up-working-memory-and-locality-effects
#16
Bruno Nicenboim, Pavel Logačev, Carolina Gattei, Shravan Vasishth
We examined the effects of argument-head distance in SVO and SOV languages (Spanish and German), while taking into account readers' working memory capacity and controlling for expectation (Levy, 2008) and other factors. We predicted only locality effects, that is, a slowdown produced by increased dependency distance (Gibson, 2000; Lewis and Vasishth, 2005). Furthermore, we expected stronger locality effects for readers with low working memory capacity. Contrary to our predictions, low-capacity readers showed faster reading with increased distance, while high-capacity readers showed locality effects...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26939559/vitrectomy-for-primary-symptomatic-vitreous-opacities-an-evidence-based-review
#17
REVIEW
T Ivanova, A Jalil, Y Antoniou, P N Bishop, J L Vallejo-Garcia, N Patton
Floaters are a common ocular condition which form as a consequence of aging changes in the vitreous. Although in most patients the symptoms are minimal, they can cause significant impairment in vision-related quality of life in a small population of patients. Recently there has been an increase in awareness of the visual disability caused by floaters, and the evidence-base for treatment of this condition using small-gauge vitrectomy has increased. In this review, we define the term 'floaters' as symptomatic vitreous opacities (SVO)...
May 2016: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26863137/prestroke-antiplatelet-agents-in-first-time-ischemic-stroke-are-related-to-subtypes
#18
Jin-Man Jung, Jaehyung Cha, Jungsoon Choi, Mi-Yeon Eun, Woo-Keun Seo, Kyungmi Oh, Kyung-Hee Cho, Sungwook Yu
BACKGROUND: It is not well known whether prestroke antiplatelet agents (PAs) are associated with the subtypes of ischemic stroke. METHODS: We screened patients in a hospital-based stroke registry. Patients who were admitted with a diagnosis of first-time ischemic stroke within 5 days of symptom onset were included. Ischemic stroke subtypes were classified in accordance with the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment classification based on stroke mechanism: large-artery atherosclerosis (LA), cardioembolism (CE), small vessel occlusion (SVO), other determined (OC) or undetermined causes (UC)...
2016: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26821242/the-power-of-subliminal-and-supraliminal-eye-contact-on-social-decision-making-an-individual-difference-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Yiqi Luo, Shen Zhang, Ran Tao, Haiyan Geng
We conducted two experiments to explore how social decision making is influenced by the interaction of eye contact and social value orientation (SVO). Specifically, participants with a Prosocial (Prosocials) or a Proself (Proselfs) SVO played Prisoner Dilemma games with a computer partner following supraliminal (Experiment 1) and subliminal (Experiment 2) direct gaze from that partner. Results showed that participants made more cooperative decisions after supraliminal eye contact than no eye contact, and the effect only existed for the Prosocials but not for the Proselfs...
February 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26444931/kondo-effect-goes-anisotropic-in-vanadate-oxide-superlattices
#20
H Rotella, A Pautrat, O Copie, P Boullay, A David, B Mercey, M Morales, W Prellier
We study the transport properties in SrVO3/LaVO3 (SVO/LVO) superlattices deposited on SrTiO3 (STO) substrates. We show that the electronic conduction occurs in the metallic LVO layers with a galvanomagnetism typical of a 2D Fermi surface. In addition, a Kondo-like component appears in both the thermal variation of resistivity and the magnetoresistance. Surprisingly, in this system where the STO interface does not contribute to the measured conduction, the Kondo correction is strongly anisotropic. We show that the growth temperature allows a direct control of this contribution...
November 4, 2015: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
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