keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

young driver

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448164/increasing-use-of-cannabis-among-arrested-drivers-in-norway
#1
Anja Valen, Stig Tore Bogstrand, Vigdis Vindenes, Hallvard Gjerde
OBJECTIVE: The availability of cannabis in Norway seems to have increased according to seizures by customs and police. On the other hand, national population surveys have not found any increase in self-reported use of cannabis. This investigation aimed at studying trends in cannabis use among suspected drug-impaired drivers apprehended by the police in Norway. METHODS: A time series observational study of cannabis use among all drivers tested for drugs during 2000-2015 was performed...
April 27, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439781/batrachochytrium-dendrobatidis-and-the-decline-and-survival-of-the-relict-leopard-frog
#2
Jef R Jaeger, Anthony W Waddle, Rebeca Rivera, D Tyler Harrison, Silas Ellison, Matthew J Forrest, Vance T Vredenburg, Frank van Breukelen
Epizootic disease caused by the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is a major driver of amphibian declines, yet many amphibians declined before the pathogen was described. The Relict Leopard Frog, Rana onca (=Lithobates onca), was nearly extinct, with the exception of populations within a few geothermal springs. Growth of Bd, however, is limited by high water temperature, and geothermal springs may have provided refuge during outbreaks of chytridiomycosis. We conducted field surveys and laboratory experiments to assess the susceptibility of R...
April 24, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438911/human-infectious-disease-burdens-decrease-with-urbanization-but-not-with-biodiversity
#3
Chelsea L Wood, Alex McInturff, Hillary S Young, DoHyung Kim, Kevin D Lafferty
Infectious disease burdens vary from country to country and year to year due to ecological and economic drivers. Recently, Murray et al. (Murray CJ et al 2012 Lancet380, 2197-2223. (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)61689-4)) estimated country-level morbidity and mortality associated with a variety of factors, including infectious diseases, for the years 1990 and 2010. Unlike other databases that report disease prevalence or count outbreaks per country, Murray et al. report health impacts in per-person disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), allowing comparison across diseases with lethal and sublethal health effects...
June 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438606/cell-origin-volume-and-arrangement-are-drivers-of-articular-cartilage-formation-morphogenesis-and-response-to-injury-in-mouse-limbs
#4
Rebekah S Decker, Hyo-Bin Um, Nathaniel A Dyment, Naiga Cottingham, Yu Usami, Motomi Enomoto-Iwamoto, Mark S Kronenberg, Peter Maye, David W Rowe, Eiki Koyama, Maurizio Pacifici
Limb synovial joints are composed of distinct tissues, but it is unclear which progenitors produce those tissues and how articular cartilage acquires its functional postnatal organization characterized by chondrocyte columns, zone-specific cell volumes and anisotropic matrix. Using novel Gdf5(CreERT2) (Gdf5-CE), Prg4-CE and Dkk3-CE mice mated to R26-Confetti or single-color reporters, we found that knee joint progenitors produced small non-migratory progenies and distinct local tissues over prenatal and postnatal time...
April 21, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436733/social-and-hospital-costs-of-patients-admitted-to-a-university-hospital-in-brazil-due-to-motorcycle-crashes
#5
Katia Campos Dos Anjos, Marcelo Rosa de Rezende, Rames Mattar Júnior
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to investigate the social and hospital costs of patients treated at a public hospital who were motorcycle crash victims. METHOD: This prospective study was on 68 motorcycle riders (drivers or passengers), who were followed up from hospital admission to six months after the crash. A questionnaire covering quantitative and qualitative questions was administered. RESULTS: Motorcycle crash victims were responsible for 12% of the institution's hospital admissions; 54...
February 13, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431345/insights-into-targeting-young-male-drivers-with-anti-speeding-advertising-an-application-of-the-step-approach-to-message-design-and-testing-satmdt
#6
I Lewis, K M White, B Ho, B Elliott, B Watson
In Australia, young drivers aged 17-25 years comprise 13% of the population yet account for 22% of all road deaths with young males over-represented in such trauma. Speeding represents a major contributing factor and advertising campaigns have long focused on promoting anti-speeding messages in the effort to reduce drivers' speeds. Positioned within a larger program of research aimed at developing, piloting, and evaluating a range of theoretically-informed anti-speeding messages, the current study reports results relating to the final phase of the research, the evaluation...
April 18, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425935/water-access-sanitation-and-hygiene-conditions-and-health-outcomes-among-two-settlement-types-in-rural-far-north-cameroon
#7
Tyler J Gorham, Joshua Yoo, Rebecca Garabed, Arabi Mouhaman, Jiyoung Lee
The Far North region in Cameroon has been more heavily impacted by cholera than any other region over the past decade, but very little has been done to study the drivers of waterborne diseases in the region. We investigated the relationship between water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) parameters, microbial and antibiotic resistance (AR) contamination levels in drinking water, and health outcomes using health survey and molecular analysis during June and July of 2014 in two settlement types (agro-pastoralist villages and transhumant pastoralist camps)...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417971/greater-cerebellar-gray-matter-volume-in-car-drivers-an-exploratory-voxel-based-morphometry-study
#8
Hiroyuki Sakai, Takafumi Ando, Norihiro Sadato, Yuji Uchiyama
Previous functional neuroimaging studies have identified multiple brain areas associated with distinct aspects of car driving in simulated traffic environments. Few studies, however, have examined brain morphology associated with everyday car-driving experience in real traffic. Thus, the aim of the current study was to identify gray matter volume differences between drivers and non-drivers. We collected T1-weighted structural brain images from 73 healthy young adults (36 drivers and 37 non-drivers). We performed a whole-brain voxel-based morphometry analysis to examine between-group differences in regional gray matter volume...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416657/role-of-atmospheric-oxidation-in-recent-methane-growth
#9
Matthew Rigby, Stephen A Montzka, Ronald G Prinn, James W C White, Dickon Young, Simon O'Doherty, Mark F Lunt, Anita L Ganesan, Alistair J Manning, Peter G Simmonds, Peter K Salameh, Christina M Harth, Jens Mühle, Ray F Weiss, Paul J Fraser, L Paul Steele, Paul B Krummel, Archie McCulloch, Sunyoung Park
The growth in global methane (CH4) concentration, which had been ongoing since the industrial revolution, stalled around the year 2000 before resuming globally in 2007. We evaluate the role of the hydroxyl radical (OH), the major CH4 sink, in the recent CH4 growth. We also examine the influence of systematic uncertainties in OH concentrations on CH4 emissions inferred from atmospheric observations. We use observations of 1,1,1-trichloroethane (CH3CCl3), which is lost primarily through reaction with OH, to estimate OH levels as well as CH3CC3 emissions, which have uncertainty that previously limited the accuracy of OH estimates...
April 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415132/genetic-alterations-in-mesiodens-as-revealed-by-targeted-ngs-and-gene-co-occurrence-network-analysis
#10
Young Youn Kim, Jihye Hwang, Hye-Sung Kim, Hee Jun Kwon, Sanguk Kim, Ji Hyun Lee, Jae Hoon Lee
OBJECTIVE: Mesiodens is the most common type of supernumerary tooth which includes a population prevalence of 0.15-1.9%. Alongside evidence that the condition is heritable, mutations in single genes have been reported in few human supernumerary tooth cases. Gene sequencing methods in tradition way are time-consuming and labor-intensive, whereas next generation sequencing and bioinformatics are cost-effective for large samples and target sizes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We describe the application of a targeted next generation sequencing (NGS) and bioinformatics approach to samples from 17 mesiodens patients...
April 17, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410027/how-sex-biased-dispersal-affects-sexual-conflict-over-care
#11
Bram Kuijper, Rufus A Johnstone
Existing models of parental investment have mainly focused on interactions at the level of the family and have paid much less attention to the impact of population-level processes. Here we extend classical models of parental care to assess the impact of population structure and limited dispersal. We find that sex differences in dispersal substantially affect the amount of care provided by each parent, with the more philopatric sex providing the majority of care to young. This effect is most pronounced in highly viscous populations: in such cases, when classical models would predict stable biparental care, inclusion of a modest sex difference in dispersal leads to uniparental care by the philopatric sex...
May 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406372/do-young-drivers-become-safer-after-being-involved-in-a-collision
#12
Fearghal O'Brien, Joe Bible, Danping Liu, Bruce G Simons-Morton
As drivers age, their risk of being involved in a car collision decreases. The present study investigated if this trend is due, in part, to some risky drivers having a collision early in their driving lives and subsequently reducing their risky driving after that negative experience. Accelerometers and video cameras were installed in the vehicles of 16- to 17-year-old drivers ( N = 254), allowing coders to measure the number of g-force events (i.e., events in which a threshold acceleration level was exceeded) per 1,000 miles and the number of collisions...
April 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400483/somatic-and-inherited-mutations-in-primary-aldosteronism
#13
Fabio Luiz Fernandes-Rosa, Sheerazed Boulkroun, Maria-Christina Zennaro
Primary aldosteronism (PA), the most common form of secondary hypertension, is caused in the majority of cases by unilateral aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) or bilateral adrenal hyperplasia. In the last years, recurrent somatic mutations in KCNJ5, CACNA1D, ATP1A1, and ATP2B3 were proved to be associated with APA development, explaining more than 50% of sporadic APA. The identification of these mutations have allowed the establishment of a model for APA development involving modifications in the intracellular ionic equilibrium and in the regulation of cell membrane potential, leading to autonomous aldosterone overproduction...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398967/current-trends-in-exercise-intervention-research-technology-and-behavioral-change-strategies-for-people-with-disabilities-a-scoping-review
#14
Byron Lai, Hui-Ju Young, C Scott Bickel, Robert W Motl, James H Rimmer
This review synthesized physical activity and exercise intervention literature for the past 10 yrs for people with physical and cognitive disabilities including intervention characteristics, behavior change strategies, and types of technologies used to improve targeted outcomes. Systematic searches yielded 132 eligible studies. The major disability groups were multiple sclerosis (41%), stroke (15%), and spinal cord injury (12%). Research designs primarily involved randomized controlled trials (61%) versus quasi-experimental designs (39%)...
April 8, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396301/timely-digital-patient-clinician-communication-in-specialist-clinical-services-for-young-people-a-mixed-methods-study-the-lync-study
#15
Frances Griffiths, Carol Bryce, Jonathan Cave, Melina Dritsaki, Joseph Fraser, Kathryn Hamilton, Caroline Huxley, Agnieszka Ignatowicz, Sung Wook Kim, Peter K Kimani, Jason Madan, Anne-Marie Slowther, Mark Sujan, Jackie Sturt
BACKGROUND: Young people (aged 16-24 years) with long-term health conditions can disengage from health services, resulting in poor health outcomes, but clinicians in the UK National Health Service (NHS) are using digital communication to try to improve engagement. Evidence of effectiveness of this digital communication is equivocal. There are gaps in evidence as to how it might work, its cost, and ethical and safety issues. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to understand how the use of digital communication between young people with long-term conditions and their NHS specialist clinicians changes engagement of the young people with their health care; and to identify costs and necessary safeguards...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386899/long-term-simulated-nitrogen-deposition-alters-the-plant-cover-dynamics-of-a-mediterranean-rosemary-shrubland-in-central-spain-through-defoliation
#16
Ciro Cabal, Raúl Ochoa-Hueso, María Esther Pérez-Corona, Esteban Manrique
Nitrogen (N) deposition due to anthropogenic pollution is a major driver of the global biodiversity loss. We studied the effect of experimental N and phosphorus (P) fertilization (0, 10, 20, and 50 kg N ha(-1) year(-1) and 14 kg P ha(-1) year(-1) over the background deposition levels) on plant cover dynamics of a rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) shrubland after 8 years of nutrient addition in a semiarid Mediterranean ecosystem from Central Spain. We specifically aimed at testing whether N deposition has the potential to influence the observed expanding trend of woody vegetation into areas dominated by grassland, biological soil crusts, and bare soil...
April 7, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384795/child-and-adolescent-health-from-1990-to-2015-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-diseases-injuries-and-risk-factors-2015-study
#17
Nicholas Kassebaum, Hmwe Hmwe Kyu, Leo Zoeckler, Helen Elizabeth Olsen, Katie Thomas, Christine Pinho, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Lalit Dandona, Alize Ferrari, Tsegaye Tewelde Ghiwot, Simon I Hay, Yohannes Kinfu, Xiaofeng Liang, Alan Lopez, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Ali H Mokdad, Mohsen Naghavi, George C Patton, Joshua Salomon, Benn Sartorius, Roman Topor-Madry, Stein Emil Vollset, Andrea Werdecker, Harvey A Whiteford, Kalkidan Hasen Abate, Kaja Abbas, Solomon Abreha Damtew, Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Nadia Akseer, Rajaa Al-Raddadi, Mulubirhan Assefa Alemayohu, Khalid Altirkawi, Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Azmeraw T Amare, Carl A T Antonio, Johan Arnlov, Al Artaman, Hamid Asayesh, Euripide Frinel G Arthur Avokpaho, Ashish Awasthi, Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Umar Bacha, Dimtsu Balem, Aleksandra Barac, Till Winfried Bärnighausen, Estifanos Baye, Neeraj Bedi, Isabela M Bensenor, Adugnaw Berhane, Eduardo Bernabe, Oscar Alberto Bernal, Addisu Shunu Beyene, Sibhatu Biadgilign, Boris Bikbov, Cheryl Anne Boyce, Alexandra Brazinova, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Austin Carter, Carlos A Castañeda-Orjuela, Ferrán Catalá-López, Fiona J Charlson, Abdulaal A Chitheer, Jee-Young Jasmine Choi, Liliana G Ciobanu, John Crump, Rakhi Dandona, Robert P Dellavalle, Amare Deribew, Gabrielle deVeber, Daniel Dicker, Balem Balm Betsu, Eric L Ding, Manisha Dubey, Amanuel Yesuf Endries, Holly E Erskine, Emerito Jose Aquino Faraon, Andre Faro, Farshad Farzadfar, Joao C Fernandes, Daniel Obadare Fijabi, Christina Fitzmaurice, Thomas D Fleming, Luisa Sorio Flor, Kyle J Foreman, Richard C Franklin, Maya S Fraser, Joseph J Frostad, Nancy Fullman, Gebremedhin Berhe Gebregergs, Alemseged Aregay Gebru, Johanna M Geleijnse, Katherine B Gibney, Mahari Gidey Yihdego, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Tessema Assefa Gizachew, Elizabeth Glaser, Audra L Gold, Ellen Goldberg, Philimon Gona, Atsushi Goto, Harish Chander Gugnani, Guohong Jiang, Rajeev Gupta, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Graeme J Hankey, Rasmus Havmoeller, Martha Hijar, Masako Horino, H Dean Hosgood, Guoqing Hu, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Mihajlo B Jakovljevic, Sudha P Jayaraman, Vivekanand Jha, Tariku Jibat, Catherine O Johnson, Jost Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Norito Kawakami, Peter N Keiyoro, Ibrahim Khalil, Young-Ho Khang, Jagdish Khubchandani, Aliasghar A Ahmad Kiadaliri, Christian Kieling, Daniel Kim, Niranjan Kissoon, Luke D Knibbs, Ai Koyanagi, Kristopher J Krohn, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, Burcu Kucuk Bicer, Rachel Kulikoff, G Anil Kumar, Dharmesh Kumar Lal, Hilton Y Lam, Heidi J Larson, Anders Larsson, Dennis Odai Laryea, Janni Leung, Stephen S Lim, Loon-Tzian Lo, Warren D Lo, Katharine J Looker, Paulo A Lotufo, Hassan Magdy Abd, El Razek, Reza Malekzadeh, Desalegn Markos Shifti, Mohsen Mazidi, Peter A Meaney, Kidanu Gebremariam Meles, Peter Memiah, Walter Mendoza, Mubarek Abera Mengistie, Gebremichael Welday Mengistu, George A Mensah, Ted R Miller, Charles Mock, Alireza Mohammadi, Shafiu Mohammed, Lorenzo Monasta, Ulrich Mueller, Chie Nagata, Aliya Naheed, Grant Nguyen, Quyen Le Nguyen, Elaine Nsoesie, In-Hwan Oh, Anselm Okoro, Jacob Olusegun Olusanya, Bolajoko O Olusanya, Alberto Ortiz, Deepak Paudel, David M Pereira, Norberto Perico, Max Petzold, Michael Robert Phillips, Guilherme V Polanczyk, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Mahfuzar Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Usha Ram, Zane Rankin, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Andre M N Renzaho, Hirbo Shore Roba, David Rojas-Rueda, Luca Ronfani, Rajesh Sagar, Juan Ramon Sanabria, Muktar Sano Kedir Mohammed, Itamar S Santos, Maheswar Satpathy, Monika Sawhney, Ben Schöttker, David C Schwebel, James G Scott, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Amira Shaheen, Masood Ali Shaikh, June She, Rahman Shiri, Ivy Shiue, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir, Jasvinder Singh, Naris Slipakit, Alison Smith, Chandrashekhar Sreeramareddy, Jeffrey D Stanaway, Dan J Stein, Caitlyn Steiner, Muawiyyah Babale Sufiyan, Soumya Swaminathan, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Karen M Tabb, Fentaw Tadese, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bineyam Taye, Stephanie Teeple, Teketo Kassaw Tegegne, Girma Temam Shifa, Adbullah Sulieman Terkawi, Bernadette Thomas, Alan J Thomson, Ruoyan Tobe-Gai, Marcello Tonelli, Bach Xuan Tran, Christopher Troeger, Kingsley N Ukwaja, Olalekan Uthman, Tommi Vasankari, Narayanaswamy Venketasubramanian, Vasiliy Victorovich Vlassov, Elisabete Weiderpass, Robert Weintraub, Solomon Weldemariam Gebrehiwot, Ronny Westerman, Hywel C Williams, Charles D A Wolfe, Rachel Woodbrook, Yuichiro Yano, Naohiro Yonemoto, Seok-Jun Yoon, Mustafa Z Younis, Chuanhua Yu, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Elias Asfaw Zegeye, Liesl Joanna Zuhlke, Christopher J L Murray, Theo Vos
Importance: Comprehensive and timely monitoring of disease burden in all age groups, including children and adolescents, is essential for improving population health. Objective: To quantify and describe levels and trends of mortality and nonfatal health outcomes among children and adolescents from 1990 to 2015 to provide a framework for policy discussion. Evidence Review: Cause-specific mortality and nonfatal health outcomes were analyzed for 195 countries and territories by age group, sex, and year from 1990 to 2015 using standardized approaches for data processing and statistical modeling, with subsequent analysis of the findings to describe levels and trends across geography and time among children and adolescents 19 years or younger...
April 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384487/an-examination-of-the-relationship-between-measures-of-impulsivity-and-risky-simulated-driving-amongst-young-drivers
#18
Julie Hatfield, Ann Williamson, E James Kehoe, Prasannah Prabhakharan
The risky driving of young drivers may owe in part to youthful motivations (such as experience-seeking, authority rebellion, desire for peer approval) combined with incompletely developed impulse control. Although self-reported impulsiveness has been positively associated with self-reports of risky driving, results based on objective measures of response inhibition (e.g., Go/No-go tasks) have been inconclusive. The present study examined interrelationships between measures of response inhibition, self-report impulsiveness scales, and responses to events during a simulated drive that were designed to detect impulsive, unsafe behaviours (e...
April 3, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378439/social-outcomes-of-young-adults-with-childhood-onset-epilepsy-a-case-sibling-control-study
#19
Christine B Baca, Frances Barry, Barbara G Vickrey, Rochelle Caplan, Anne T Berg
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare long-term social outcomes in young adults with childhood-onset epilepsy (cases) with neurologically normal sibling controls. METHODS: Long-term social outcomes were assessed at the 15-year follow-up of the Connecticut Study of Epilepsy, a community-based prospective cohort study of children with newly diagnosed epilepsy. Young adults with childhood-onset epilepsy with complicated (abnormal neurologic exam findings, abnormal brain imaging with lesion referable to epilepsy, intellectual disability (ID; IQ < 60) or informative history of neurologic insults to which the occurrence of epilepsy might be attributed), and uncomplicated epilepsy presentations were compared to healthy sibling controls...
April 4, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374599/longitudinal-study-of-driver-licensing-rates-among-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Allison E Curry, Benjamin E Yerys, Patty Huang, Kristi B Metzger
Driving may increase mobility and independence for adolescents with autism without intellectual disability (autism spectrum disorder); however, little is known about rates of licensure. To compare the proportion of adolescents with and without autism spectrum disorder who acquire a learner's permit and driver's license, as well as the rate at which they progress through the licensing system, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of 52,172 New Jersey residents born in the years 1987-1995 who were patients of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia healthcare network ⩾12 years of age; 609 (1...
April 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
keyword
keyword
54472
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"