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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908436/adverse-experiences-in-infancy-and-toddlerhood-relations-to-adaptive-behavior-and-academic-status-in-middle-childhood
#1
Lorraine M McKelvey, Nicola Conners Edge, Glenn R Mesman, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Robert H Bradley
Findings from the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) study articulated the negative effects of childhood trauma on long-term well-being. The purpose of the current study is to examine the associations between ACEs experienced in infancy and toddlerhood and adaptive behavior and academic status in middle childhood. We used data collected from a sample of low-income families during the impacts study of Early Head Start (EHS). Data were collected by trained interviewers demonstrating at least 85% reliability with protocols...
June 13, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907704/growth-and-body-composition-of-children-aged-2-4-years-after-exposure-to-community-mobilisation-women-s-groups-in-bangladesh
#2
Edward Fottrell, Naveed Ahmed, Badrun Nahar, Sanjit Kumer Shaha, Abdul Kuddus, Carlos S Grijalva-Eternod, Tasmin Nahar, Caroline Fall, Clive Osmond, Virginia Govoni, Sarah Finer, Chittaranjan Yajnik, A K Azad Khan, Anthony Costello, Kishwar Azad, Graham A Hitman
BACKGROUND: Women's groups interventions in Bangladesh reduced neonatal deaths by 38% and improved hygienic delivery, newborn care practices and breast feeding. We explore the longer-term impact of exposure to women's groups during pregnancy on child growth at 2-4 years. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional survey of child anthropometric measures (analysed as z-scores) among children born to women who had participated in the women's groups interventions while pregnant, compared with an age-matched and sex-matched sample of children born to control mothers...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907583/fifteen-minute-consultation-modern-day-art-and-science-of-managing-cerebral-palsy
#3
Jill Cadwgan, Jane Goodwin, Charlie Fairhurst
While there remains limited intervention to address the damage to the developing brain, current multidisciplinary management of cerebral palsy (CP) needs to minimise the impact of secondary musculoskeletal complications. A focus on comorbidities to maximise function for activity and participation by supporting the child and family in their environment is required. Comprehensive clinical guidance was published by National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) earlier this year. This article aims to provide a practical clinical approach to the child and family based on:(1) art: empathy, listening and weighing up the clinical picture of the child and family in context; diagnosis, the need for support and space; and care coordination at the right time; and (2) science: the current science in CP care is rapidly expanding in terms of plasticity, pathophysiology, functional assessments and treatments...
June 15, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907426/maternal-obesity-as-a-risk-factor-for-the-development-of-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-in-their-offspring
#4
Evelyn G Alvarado-Terrones, Maryangel Perea-Cabrera, Miguel Klünder-Klünder, Begoña Segura-Stanford, Julio R Erdmenger-Orellana, Arturo Lopez-Yañez Blanco, Elizabeth Hernández-Carbajal, Javier T Granados Riverón, Leonardo J Mejía-Marín, Norma A Balderrabano-Saucedo, Alejandra Contreras-Ramos, Guadalupe Díaz-Rosas, Rocío Sánchez-Urbina
The incidence of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) in the Caucasian population is 2.5/100,000 live births (LB), and the incidence in the Hispanic population is 19.8/100,000 LB. Without knowing the exact etiology for the development of congenital heart disease, our objective was to determine the maternal factors associated with the development of TAPVC. METHODS: 55 mother-child binomials with isolated TAPVC (group I) and 152 healthy mother-child binomials (group II) were included...
June 12, 2018: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907374/health-related-quality-of-life-of-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#5
Heather C Karras, Danita N Morin, Kamaldeep Gill, Sara Izadi-Najafabadi, Jill G Zwicker
BACKGROUND: Although Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is primarily a motor disorder, it can also impact emotional and psychosocial functioning of children with this condition. Evidence suggests that children with DCD experience lower quality of life than their peers, but few studies have explicitly examined the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of these children. AIMS: To: (1) describe HRQOL of children with DCD compared to typically-developing children; (2) compare HRQOL from the perspectives of children with DCD and their parents; and (3) explore predictors of HRQOL for children with DCD...
June 12, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907177/-sharing-to-improve-our-way-of-working
#6
REVIEW
Julien Billères, Frédérique Marrodal, Ivan Gicquel
Inter-day hospital supervisions in child psychiatry, through clinical and case studies, give caregivers a chance to review and reflect on their practices as well as training and tools. Experienced psychiatry experts share their knowledge. Through the exchanges, professionals analyse and develop practices. Caregivers from Toulouse describe the benefits observed through these practices both on a collective and individual level.
June 2018: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907147/health-related-quality-of-life-of-preterm-born-children-at-three-years-in-a-sub-urban-district-in-sri-lanka-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Hemali Jayakody, Upul Senarath, Deepika Attygalle
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth leads to multiple morbidities affecting the health of a child. Lack of information on the health impact of prematurity hinders the possibility of any effective public health interventions in this regard. Our aim was to determine the association between preterm birth and Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) among 3 years old children in the Gampaha district, Sri Lanka. METHODS: A community-based retrospective cohort study was conducted among 790 preterm and term born children who were 03 years old...
June 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906739/an-effective-measure-of-childhood-adversity-that-is-valid-with-older-adults
#8
Ramona Danielson, Gregory F Sanders
Childhood adversity (CA) has life-long effects that we are just beginning to understand. The Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) data is a rich resource that could contribute to the knowledge of the impact of CA in the later years but, while a number of CA items are included in MIDUS, a cumulative CA scale based on those items has not been created. Development of a CA scale would create numerous research opportunities within MIDUS and overcome some of the challenges of using a secondary dataset. The present study aimed to demonstrate that a cumulative measure of CA that is valid with older adults could be created using retrospective MIDUS Refresher study data (Ryff et al...
June 12, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906629/shorter-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-reduced-cognitive-development-at-two-years-of-age
#9
Lisa Smithson, Tieghan Baird, Sukhpreet K Tamana, Amanda Lau, Jennifer Mariasine, Joyce Chikuma, Diana L Lefebvre, Padmaja Subbarao, Allan B Becker, Stuart E Turvey, Malcolm R Sears, Deryk S Beal, Jacqueline Pei, Piush J Mandhane
BACKGROUND: Both short sleep duration and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) are associated with poor neurocognitive development. However, the co-contributions of short sleep duration and SDB on neurodevelopment in pre-school children are relatively unknown. METHODS: We assessed both sleep duration and SDB by quarterly questionnaire from three months to two years of age among Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) birth cohort participants. Group-based modeling determined trajectories of total, daytime, and nighttime sleep duration and SDB...
April 30, 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906291/a-real-time-medical-cartography-of-epidemic-disease-nodding-syndrome-using-village-based-lay-mhealth-reporters
#10
Raquel Valdes Angues, Austen Suits, Valerie S Palmer, Caesar Okot, Robert A Okot, Concy Atonywalo, Suzanne K Gazda, David L Kitara, Moka Lantum, Spencer S Peter
BACKGROUND: Disease surveillance in rural regions of many countries is poor, such that prolonged delays (months) may intervene between appearance of disease and its recognition by public health authorities. For infectious disorders, delayed recognition and intervention enables uncontrolled disease spread. We tested the feasibility in northern Uganda of developing real-time, village-based health surveillance of an epidemic of Nodding syndrome (NS) using software-programmed smartphones operated by minimally trained lay mHealth reporters...
June 15, 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906044/case-report-respiratory-syncytial-virus
#11
Rosalinda Jiménez-Aguilar, María Eugenia Rodriguez-Godoy, Rodolfo Norberto Jiménez-Juarez, María del Carmen Cano-Salas
Background: The Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is the most important viral pathogen in children under 2 years of age, which warrants hospitalization for a low respiratory infection. 0.5% of children under 5 with RSV infection require hospitalization. The aim of this case is to reaffirm the importance of this virus as a cause of severe disease and to emphasize the importance of adequate diagnosis and management to improve prognosis. Clinical case: Child of 1 year 3 months old, without risk factors for severe infection by respiratory viruses...
March 2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905621/early-life-somatic-complaints-longitudinal-associations-with-maternal-and-child-psychopathology
#12
Melissa L Engel, Dominika A Winiarski, Brooke L Reidy, Patricia A Brennan
OBJECTIVE: Somatic complaints, often associated with concurrent and future internalizing symptoms and disorders in adult samples, were examined longitudinally from preschool to school age in a sample of children at an increased familial risk for psychopathology. The behavioral correlates and sex differences of somatic complaints and the persistence of these complaints across early childhood were examined. METHOD: A longitudinal sample of 185 mothers completed a laboratory visit when children were preschool aged and an online follow-up when children were school aged...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905564/-the-influence-of-unbalanced-nutrition-of-pregnant-rats-on-the-content-of-biogenic-elements-in-the-enamel-and-blood-serum-of-their-offspring
#13
O Nikolayeva, O Pysmenna
Malnutrition of pregnant women can slow down dental tissue development in offspring, cause growth of tooth decay and other disruptions, associated with changes amount of biogenic elements (BE), which are received into child in the womb body. The aim of this study-determination of the BE in the enamel and blood serum of mother rats, who had unbalanced nutrition with excess or lack of nutrients during the pregnancy. The content of Ca, Mg, Cu, Fe, P and Zn was studied in 129 species 1- and 2-month offspring. Reduction of BE in the enamel and blood serum mote often exist and more raised in pups, whose prenatal development took place under a shortage of nutrients...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905133/a-model-to-improve-detection-of-nonaccidental-pediatric-burns
#14
Lauren C Nigro, Michael J Feldman, Robin L Foster, Andrea L Pozez
Context: Pediatric burn patients warrant thorough evaluation because a sizeable proportion of pediatric burns are nonaccidental. Design: A multidisciplinary method involving an internal child protection team (CPT) was developed and used to identify suspected nonaccidental pediatric burns in all pediatric burn patients 5 years of age or younger who were evaluated by the CPT and social workers at our institution over a 55-month period. Results: We identified 343 cases for review that fit our age criteria, 6 of which we identified as cases of suspected abuse or neglect...
June 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904929/role-of-first-year-maternal-employment-and-paternal-involvement-in-behavioral-and-cognitive-development-of-young-children
#15
Youngjo Im, Tyler J Vanderweele
Drawing on economic models of child development and attachment relationship perspectives, this study examined the effect of maternal employment in the first year after childbirth on subsequent behavioral and cognitive development in low-income children. Analyses of data from the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (N = 411) revealed that despite the accompanying family income gains, maternal employment in the first year after childbirth adversely affected caregiver-reported internalizing and externalizing behavior problems of Hispanic, Black, and White children at ages 3 and 5 years...
June 15, 2018: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904606/starting-the-conversation-community-perspectives-on-preterm-birth-and-kangaroo-mother-care-in-southern-malawi
#16
Megan Lydon, Monica Longwe, Dyson Likomwa, Victoria Lwesha, Lydia Chimtembo, Pamela Donohue, Tanya Guenther, Bina Valsangar
Background: Despite introduction of Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) in Malawi over a decade ago, preterm birth remains the leading cause of neonatal mortality. Although KMC is initiated in the health care facility, robust community follow-up is critical for survival and optimal development of preterm and low birth weight infants post-discharge. The objective of this qualitative study was to gain insight into community and health worker understanding, attitudes, beliefs and practices around preterm and low birth weight babies and KMC in Malawi...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904221/implementation-of-tuberculosis-prevention-for-exposed-children-burkina-faso
#17
Giorgia Sulis, Adjima Combary, Haileyesus Getahun, Saidou Gnanou, Pier Francesco Giorgetti, Arnaud Konseimbo, Susanna Capone, Yohhei Hamada, Annabel Baddeley, Alberto Matteelli
Objective: To develop and test a simple system for recording and reporting the diagnosis and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection and to compare the effects of passive and active tracing of child contacts on indicators of such infection. Methods: We revised Burkina Faso's latent tuberculosis infection register and quarterly tuberculosis reporting form. Subsequently, coverage of the routine screening of contacts, who were younger than five years, for active tuberculosis and the corresponding percentages of such contacts who, if eligible, initiated preventive therapy were measured, nationwide, between 1 April 2016 and 31 March 2017...
June 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904120/the-development-of-cross-cultural-recognition-of-vocal-emotion-during-childhood-and-adolescence
#18
Georgia Chronaki, Michael Wigelsworth, Marc D Pell, Sonja A Kotz
Humans have an innate set of emotions recognised universally. However, emotion recognition also depends on socio-cultural rules. Although adults recognise vocal emotions universally, they identify emotions more accurately in their native language. We examined developmental trajectories of universal vocal emotion recognition in children. Eighty native English speakers completed a vocal emotion recognition task in their native language (English) and foreign languages (Spanish, Chinese, and Arabic) expressing anger, happiness, sadness, fear, and neutrality...
June 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903744/parents-views-on-the-best-and-worst-reasons-for-guideline-consistent-hpv-vaccination
#19
Melissa B Gilkey, Mo Zhou, Annie-Laurie McRee, Melanie L Kornides, John F P Bridges
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination could prevent most HPV-associated cancers, but few U.S. adolescents are vaccinated according to guidelines. To inform efforts to counsel parents more effectively, we sought to quantify their views on the best and worst reasons for guideline-consistent HPV vaccination. We hypothesized that parents' views would differ according to their vaccination confidence. Methods: We developed a best-worst scaling experiment to evaluate 11 reasons healthcare providers commonly give for HPV vaccination...
June 14, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903608/management-of-pediatric-patients-with-dsd-and-ambiguous-genitalia-balancing-the-child-s-moral-claims-to-self-determination-with-parental-values-and-preferences
#20
David A Diamond, Jonathan Swartz, Amy Tishelman, Judith Johnson, Yee-Ming Chan
INTRODUCTION: A central ethical dilemma in management of the patient with a disorder of sex development (DSD) is the potential conflict between respect for the fundamental right of the child for physical and emotional integrity and self-determination, and the right of parents to serve as surrogate decision-makers and act in their child's best interest. METHODS: Over the past 2 years we have encountered three complex DSD cases on the spectrum of mixed gonadal dysgenesis to ovotesticular DSD in which gender assignment and therefore optimal surgical management was uncertain...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
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