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echocardiography in haemodialysis children

Marco Allinovi, Moin A Saleem, Owen Burgess, Catherine Armstrong, Wesley Hayes
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound is a novel technique for detecting generalized fluid overload in children and adults with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Echocardiography and bioimpedance spectroscopy are established methods, albeit variably adopted in clinical practice. We compared the practicality and accuracy of lung ultrasound with current objective techniques for detecting fluid overload in children with ESRD. METHODS: A prospective observational study was performed to compare lung ultrasound B-lines, echocardiographic measurement of inferior vena cava parameters and bioimpedance spectroscopy in the assessment of fluid overload in children with ESRD on dialysis...
December 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Asle Hirth, Nicola C Edwards, Gottfried Greve, Trine Tangeraas, Eva Gerdts, Kjetil Lenes, Gunnar Norgård
BACKGROUND: Renal transplantation improves left ventricular (LV) function, but cardiovascular mortality remains elevated. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine whether subclinical abnormalities of LV longitudinal function also persist in patients who underwent renal transplant in childhood. METHODS: Conventional and speckle tracking echocardiography was performed in 68 renal transplant recipients (34 children and 34 adults, median 9.8 years (range 2...
September 2012: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Mahmut Civilibal, Salim Caliskan, Huseyin Oflaz, Lale Sever, Cengiz Candan, Nur Canpolat, Ozgur Kasapcopur, Nil Arisoy
AIM: Cardiovascular abnormalities are common in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Left ventricular (LV) structure and functions have been extensively studied by conventional pulse-wave Doppler echocardiography (cPWD), however, tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) is a relatively new echocardiography method. The aims of this study were to evaluate LV diastolic function in paediatric dialysis patients using cPWD and TDI methods, and to compare the findings obtained with two modalities...
October 2009: Nephrology
Durgul Ozdemir, Timur Mese, Hasan Agin, Sebnem Calkavur, Mustafa Bak
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present paper was to investigate the corrected QT (QTc) interval and QTc dispersion value, and the impact of haemodialysis on these parameters in children with chronic renal failure. METHODS: Nineteen patients with chronic renal failure receiving haemodialysis were included in the present study. Electrocardiography (ECG), echocardiography and serum biochemistry were performed in all patients. Serum electrolyte levels were measured before and after haemodialysis, at the time of the ECG...
April 2005: Nephrology
Iris Pejcić, Amira Peco-Antić, Ida Jovanović, Mirjana Kostić
INTRODUCTION: Numerous epidemiological studies have shown that blood pressure (BP) is positively related to cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although the relationship between BP and the incidence of morbid events is consistent and highly significant, it is difficult to predict the absolute risk. Several studies have shown that the organ damage associated with hypertension correlate to a greater degree with 24 h average BP than with clinic BP and the most of them evaluated left ventricular hypertrophy in these patients...
July 2003: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
I Krause, E Birk, M Davidovits, R Cleper, L Blieden, L Pinhas, Z Gamzo, B Eisenstein
BACKGROUND: An accurate assessment of fluid status in haemodialysis patients presents a significant challenge especially in growing children. Clinical parameters of hydration are not always reliable, and invasive methods such as measurement of central venous pressure cannot be used routinely. We evaluated the usefulness of inferior vena cava diameter (IVCD) measured by echocardiography in the estimation of hydration in children on haemodialysis. METHODS: Fifteen haemodialysis patients (mean age 14 years) were evaluated...
June 2001: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
M Szczepanska, K Szprynger, M Ostanski
Echocardiography evaluation of heart systolic and diastolic function is applied in monitoring of cardiovascular changes in end-stage renal disease children on maintenance haemodialysis. The aim of the study was the comparison of cardiac cavities diameters and heart walls thickness changes, as well as, indices of left ventricle (LV) function in 12 end-stage renal disease children before and after haemodialysis session, before (initial examination) and after half-year duration of maintenance haemodialysis treatment (control examination)...
September 1998: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
F Sönmez, S Mir, A R Ozyürek, A Cura
BACKGROUND: The clinical criteria to assess hydration status are not always reliable. Hence, the development of techniques to estimate more accurately post-dialysis dry weight (DW) remains a major challenge. The present study evaluates the value of the inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter, plasma concentration of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), and plasma renin activity (PRA) in determining the DW in chronic haemodialysis children. METHODS: Twelve overhydrated haemodialysis patients (4 girls, 8 boys) with a mean age of 12...
August 1996: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
A Goren, J Glaser, A Drukker
Thirty-seven children and adolescents on renal replacement therapy (11 on haemodialysis, 14 on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and 12 after renal transplantation) were studied by echocardiography, echo-Doppler and phonocardiography. Right and left ventricular (R/L V) diastolic functions were measured by transmitral and transtricuspid flow velocities and by LV isovolumic relaxation time (LVIRT). Thirty-seven age- and sex-matched healthy subjects served as controls. R/L V diastolic dysfunction was only observed in the dialysis patients...
December 1993: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
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