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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821549/phosphate-catalyzed-hydrogen-peroxide-formation-from-agar-gellan-and-%C3%AE%C2%BA-carrageenan-and-recovery-of-microorganisms-cultivability-by-catalase-and-pyruvate
#1
Kosei Kawasaki, Yoichi Kamagata
Previously, we reported that when agar is autoclaved with phosphate buffer, H2O2 is formed in the resulting medium (PT) and the colony count on the medium inoculated with environmental samples becomes much lower than that on a medium in which agar and phosphate are autoclaved separately (PS) (Appl Environ Microbiol 80:7659-7666). However, the physicochemical mechanisms underlying this observation remain largely unknown. Here, we determined the factors affecting H2O2 formation in agar. The H2O2 formation was pH-dependent: H2O2 was formed at high concentrations in alkaline or neutral phosphate buffer, but not in acidic one...
August 18, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821122/-click-hyaluronan-based-nanohydrogels-as-multifunctionalizable-carriers-for-hydrophobic-drugs
#2
Giuliana Manzi, Nicole Zoratto, Silvia Matano, Rocchina Sabia, Claudio Villani, Tommasina Coviello, Pietro Matricardi, Chiara Di Meo
Highly hydrophilic and biocompatible nanocarriers based on polysaccharide hydrogels (nanohydrogels, NHs) were shown to be promising systems for drug delivery applications. Following the idea of these emerging drug carriers, the aim of the present work was to develop self-assembled hydrogel nanoparticles based on amphiphilic derivatives of hyaluronic acid (HA) and riboflavin (Rfv), synthesized by "click" Copper(I)-catalyzed Azide-Alkyne Cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction. The obtained amphiphilic product (HA-c-Rfv) was able to form nanohydrogels in aqueous environments, in particular by applying an innovative autoclave-based method...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821121/reductive-mineralization-of-cellulose-with-vanadium-iron-and-tungsten-chlorides-and-access-to-mxoy-metal-oxides-and-mxoy-c-metal-oxide-carbon-composites
#3
Aurélien Henry, Peter Hesemann, Johan G Alauzun, Bruno Boury
MxOy and MxOy/C composites (M=V, Fe and W) were obtained by mineralization of cellulose with several metal chlorides. Cellulose was used both as a templating agent and as an oxygen and a carbon source. Soluble chloride molecules (VOCl3 and WCl6) and a poorly soluble ionic chloride compound (FeCl3) were chosen as metal oxide precursors. In a first time, primary metal oxide/cellulose composites were obtained via a thermal treatment by reacting urea impregnated filter paper with the corresponding metal chlorides in an autoclave at 150°C after 3days...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819049/a-comparison-of-protein-stability-in-prefillable-syringes-made-of-glass-and-plastic
#4
Lloyd Waxman, Vinod D Vilivalam
The development of protein therapeutics requires stabilization of these labile molecules during shipment and storage. Biologics, particularly monoclonal antibodies, are frequently packaged at high concentration in prefillable syringes traditionally made of glass. However, some biologics are unstable in glass due to sensitivity to silicone oil, tungsten, glue or metal ions. Syringes made from the plastic cyclic olefin polymer, Daikyo Crystal Zenith® (CZ), with a Flurotec-laminated piston have none of these issues...
August 17, 2017: PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815239/-elimination-of-entercoccus-faecalis-with-different-disinfection-methods-in-root-canals-in-vitro
#5
Chu-Wen Sun, Ya-Qin Zhu
PURPOSE: To compare the elimination effect against E.faecalis in root canals with different methods. METHODS: Fifty extracted premolars with single root canal were selected. After cleaning and autoclaving, they were contaminated by E.faecalis and incubated for 28 days as models. Then the models were randomly and equally divided into 5 groups and treated as below: specimens in group A were treated with saline irrigation, specimens in group B were treated with 3% NaClO irrigation (as positive control), specimens in group C were treated with PUI, specimens in group D were treated with diode laser radiation, specimens in group E were treated with combination of PUI and diode laser radiation...
April 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797875/success-rates-characteristics-and-costs-of-articulating-antibiotic-spacers-for-total-knee-periprosthetic-joint-infection
#6
Scott R Nodzo, Keely K Boyle, Sara Spiro, Allina A Nocon, Andy O Miller, Geoffrey H Westrich
BACKGROUND: The optimal type, characteristics, and success rates of articulating antibiotic spacers used during total knee arthroplasty (TKA) periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) have not been well defined in a single series. We sought to (1) determine the success rate for three unique spacer constructs and (2) evaluate any microbiological, surgical, or patient characteristics that would influence the success rate. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent a two-stage exchange for a TKA PJI with a prefabricated spacer (PREFAB), home-made mold (MOLD), or autoclaved femoral component (AUTOCL)...
August 8, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797630/enzymatic-in-situ-saccharification-of-sugarcane-bagasse-pretreated-with-low-loading-of-alkalic-salts-na2so3-na3po4-by-autoclaving
#7
Chun-Xia Jiang, Yu-Cai He, Gang-Gang Chong, Jun-Hua Di, Ya-Jie Tang, Cui-Luan Ma
Sugarcane bagasse (SCB) is an abundant, renewable and inexpensive agricultural byproduct for the production of biofuel and other biobased products. To effectively saccharify SCB with cellulases, combination with dilute alkali salts Na2SO3/Na3PO4 (0.4% Na3PO4, 0.03% Na2SO3) at 7.5% sulfidity and hot water (DASHW) in "one-pot" pretreatment media by autoclaving at 110°C for 40min was attempted to pretreat SCB in this study. Furthermore, FT-IR, XRD and SEM were employed to characterize the changes in the cellulose structural characteristics (porosity, morphology, and crystallinity) of the pretreated Na2SO3/Na3PO4-SCB solid residue, which indicated that combination pretreatment could effectively remove lignin and hemicellulose for enhancing enzymatic saccharification...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783566/autoclaved-sludge-as-the-ideal-seed-to-culture-anammox-bacteria-reactor-performance-and-microbial-community-diversity
#8
Yu Wang, Cui-Na Bu, Qi Kang, Hafiz Adeel Ahmad, Jian Zhang, Baoyu Gao, Shou-Qing Ni
Reducing activity of commensal bacteria in inocula may enhance anammox bacteria proliferation and realization of anammox process. Fast start-up of anammox process in an UASB reactor was successfully achieved by using autoclaved sludge (anaerobic granular sludge pretreated by autoclaving) and 0.3% active anammox sludge as inoculum. Continuous experiments indicated that R2 (autoclaved sludge addition) could shorten the start-up period from 72days to 63days. The first 50days anammox population specific growth rates (μ) of R1 (the control) and R2 were determined to be 0...
July 29, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773174/hydrothermal-sterilization-improves-initial-osteoblast-responses-on-sandpaper-polished-titanium
#9
Xingling Shi, Lingli Xu, Qingliang Wang, Lin Xu
Hydrocarbon contamination accumulated on titanium (Ti) implant surfaces during storage and sterilization is unavoidable and difficult to remove. It impairs the bioactivity of implants, restricts initial interactions between implants and the surrounding biological environment, and has become a common challenge for Ti implants. To overcome this problem, sterilization was considered as the final surface modification and a novel method, hydrothermal sterilization (HS), was proposed. Briefly, stored sandpaper-polished Ti specimens were sterilized in a glass container with pure water at 121 °C for 20 min and kept in the same water until utilization...
July 17, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772871/composite-materials-based-on-hemp-and-flax-for-low-energy-buildings
#10
Przemysław Brzyski, Danuta Barnat-Hunek, Zbigniew Suchorab, Grzegorz Łagód
The article presents the results obtained in the course of a study on prospective application of flax/hemp wastes as a filling material of lime-based composites in the construction of low-energy buildings. The utilized filler comprised the hydrated lime with clay and Portland cement used as additives. The analysis involved evaluation of such properties as porosity, density, thermal conductivity, absorptivity, permeability, as well as compressive and flexural strength. Depending on the quantity of the filler, the properties of the composite changed...
May 7, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766823/isolation-of-bacteriophages-from-air-using-vacuum-filtration-technique-an-improved-and-novel-method
#11
Bhagyashree Magare, Aparna Nair, Krishna Khairnar
AIM: Development of a simple and economical air sampler for isolation and enrichment of bacteriophages from air samples. METHODS AND RESULTS: A vacuum filtration unit with simple modifications was used for isolation of bacteriophages from air sampled in the lavatory. Air was sampled at the rate of 62 L/min by bubbling into Mcllvaine buffer for 30 minutes, which was used as bacteriophage solution for enrichment and plaque assessment against individual hosts. Alternatively, the aforementioned phage solution was enriched using a host consortium before plaque assessment...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752206/surgical-treatment-of-pelvic-sarcoma-in-children-outcomes-for-twenty-six-patients
#12
Muayad Kadhim, Richard B Womer, John P Dormans
PURPOSE: Pelvic sarcoma is uncommon in children and challenging to treat. This study examined different surgical approaches to treat pelvic sarcoma with the aim of assessing the oncologic, and functional outcomes. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the medical records of patients younger than 21 years of age who underwent surgery for pelvic sarcoma at our institution from 1992 to 2010. The functional status of the patients was examined after a minimum follow-up of two years...
July 27, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748739/multiplex-pcr-assay-discriminates-rabbit-rat-and-squirrel-meat-in-food-chain
#13
Mohammad Nasir Uddin Ahamad, Md Eaqub Ali, M A Motalib Hossain, Asing Asing, Sharmin Sultana, M H A Jahurul
Rabbit meat is receiving increasing attention because it contains more proteins and less fat. On the other hand, squirrel meat is served in aristocrat meals in certain countries and so it is sold at higher prices. The other side of the coin is rat meat that has family ties with rabbit and squirrel but possesses huge threats to public health because it is a potential career of several zoonotic organisms. Recently, rat meat was mislabeled and sold as lamb after chemical modification. Thus the chances of rabbit and squirrel meat substitution by rat meat cannot be ruled out...
July 27, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747538/complexing-agents-and-ph-influence-on-chemical-durability-of-type-i-molded-glass-containers
#14
Alberto Biavati, Michele Poncini, Arianna Ferrarini, Nicola Favaro, Martina Scarpa, Marta Vallotto
Among the factors that affect the glass surface chemical durability, pH and complexing agents present in aqueous solution have the main role. Glass surface attack can be also related to the delamination issue causing glass particles' appearance in the pharmaceutical preparation. A few methods to check for glass containers delamination propensity and some control guidelines have been proposed. The present study emphasizes the possible synergy between a few complexing agents with pH on borosilicate glass chemical durability...
July 2017: PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736040/structural-characteristics-and-prebiotic-effects-of-semen-coicis-resistant-starches-type-3-prepared-by-different-methods
#15
Chen Bao, Hongliang Zeng, Yi Zhang, Longtao Zhang, Xu Lu, Zebin Guo, Song Miao, Baodong Zheng
In order to investigate the effects of different preparation methods on Semen coicis resistant starch, the structural properties and prebiotic effects of autoclaving treatment-purified S. coicis resistant starch (GP-SRS3), ultrasonic-autoclaving treatment-purified S. coicis resistant starch (UP-SRS3), enzyme-autoclaving treatment-purified S. coicis resistant starch (EP-SRS3) and microwave-moisture treatment-purified S. coicis resistant starch (MP-SRS3) were studied compared to high-amylose maize starch (HAMS)...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732976/preparation-of-waterborne-dispersions-of-epoxy-resin-by-ultrasonic-assisted-supercritical-co2-nanoemulsification-technique
#16
Hanyang Gao, Guoxin Hu, Kun Liu, Liqun Wu
Waterborne nanoemulsion of diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A type epoxy resin (DGEBA) with droplet size of around 124nm was prepared by using an ultrasonic-assisted supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) technique in an autoclave reactor at a low temperature (32°C). A view cell positioned in-line with the ultrasonic probe allowed observation of the emulsification process. From the image analysis and droplet size measurement, the influence mechanisms of the ultrasonic power, the degree of mixing of scCO2 with DGEBA, the adding amount of emulsifier, and the system pressure on emulsification process and emulsion droplet size were investigated...
November 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720942/nutritional-quality-of-flours-from-guar-bean-cyamopsis-tetragonoloba-varieties-as-affected-by-different-processing-methods
#17
Priyanka Sharma, Amarjeet Kaur, Satvir Kaur
In present study, three varieties (G 80, Ageta 112 and HG 365) of guar bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) were analysed for proximate analysis and were processed by different methods (dehusking, soaking, autoclaving, extrusion and germination) to reduce its antinutritional factors. Processed guar flours were studied for antinutritional factors (tannins, phytic acid and polyphenols) and protein fractions. The highest protein, ash and polyphenols contents were observed in Ageta 112. G 80 contained the lowest tannin and phytic acid content...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709485/biofilm-colonization-of-mycobacterium-abscessus-new-threat-in-hospital-acquired-surgical-site-infection
#18
Roumi Ghosh, Soumen Das, Harish Kela, Asmita De, Jayeeta Haldar, Prasanta Kumar Maiti
INTRODUCTION: Rapidly growing non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are hazardous cause of post-operative soft tissue infection leading to nosocomial outbreaks following various surgical procedures, especially laparoscopic surgeries using heat sensitive, non-autoclavable surgical instruments. METHODOLOGY: Surgery department of our hospital noticed increase in rate of post-laparoscopic abdominal port site infection (PSI) and informed the Microbiology Department. A prospective investigational study of defined cases with the aim of source tracing and formulation of infection control measures was initiated...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702019/functional-resilience-and-response-to-a-dietary-additive-kefir-in-models-of-foregut-and-hindgut-microbial-fermentation-in-vitro
#19
Gabriel de la Fuente, Eleanor Jones, Shann Jones, Charles J Newbold
Stability in gut ecosystems is an important area of study that impacts on the use of additives and is related with several pathologies. Kefir is a fermented milk drink made with a consortium of yeast and bacteria as a fermentation starter, of which the use as additive in companion and livestock animals has increased in the last few years. To investigate the effect of kefir milk on foregut and hindgut digestive systems, an in vitro approach was followed. Either rumen fluid or horse fecal contents were used as a microbial inoculate and the inclusion of kefir (fresh, autoclaved, or pasteurized) was tested...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699822/a-bioencapsulation-and-drying-method-increases-shelf-life-and-efficacy-of-metarhizium-brunneum-conidia
#20
Michael Przyklenk, Marina Vemmer, Miriam Hanitzsch, Anant Patel
This study reports the development of encapsulated and dried entomopathogenic fungus Metarhiuzm brunneum with reduced conidia content, increased conidiation, a high drying survival and enhanced shelf life. Dried beads prepared with the fillers corn starch, potato starch, carboxymethylcellulose or autoclaved baker's yeast, showed enhanced survival with increasing filler content. The maximum survival of 82% was found for beads with 20% corn starch at <0.1 water activity. While increasing starch content inhibits the conidiation, autoclaved baker's yeast and a combination with starch enhanced the conidiation to 1...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
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