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Vinayaka B Shet, Anusha M Palan, Shama U Rao, C Varun, Uday Aishwarya, Selvaraj Raja, Louella Concepta Goveas, C Vaman Rao, P Ujwal
In the current investigation, statistical approaches were adopted to hydrolyse non-edible seed cake (NESC) of Pongamia and optimize the hydrolysis process by response surface methodology (RSM). Through the RSM approach, the optimized conditions were found to be 1.17%v/v of HCl concentration at 54.12 min for hydrolysis. Under optimized conditions, the release of reducing sugars was found to be 53.03 g/L. The RSM data were used to train the artificial neural network (ANN) and the predictive ability of both models was compared by calculating various statistical parameters...
February 2018: 3 Biotech
In-Gu Lee, Heejin Lee, Bo Sung Kang, Young-Min Kim, Sang Chai Kim, Sang-Chul Jung, Chang Hyun Ko, Young-Kwon Park
The catalytic hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of bio-oil over Ni-supported mesoporous materials was performed using a high pressure autoclave reactor. The actual pyrolysis oil of cork oak wood was used as a sample, and Ni/Al-SBA-15 and Ni/Al-MSU-F were used as catalysts. In addition, supercritical ethanol was added as solvent. Both Ni-supported mesoporous catalysts showed efficient HDO reaction ability. A higher heating value and pH of bio-oil were achieved by the HDO reaction over both catalysts and upgraded bio-oil had a lower viscosity...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Nina Naquiah, Md Eaqub Ali, M A Motalib Hossain, Sharmin Sultana, Mohammad Nasir Uddin Ahamad
The demand for crocodile meat is quickly growing because of its exotic and organoleptic appeal and also low content of cholesterol and lipids. Moreover, crocodile oil and blood have been used in alternative medicines for treating asthma and several other ailments since ancient times. Furthermore, crocodile hides have great demand in leather industries. All of these have collectively contributed to the extensive hunting, illegal trading and consequent decline of crocodiles in most parts of the world. To keep space with the growing demands, some crocodile species such as Crocodylus porosus have been raised in farms and its commercial trades have been legalized...
February 15, 2018: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
K Yılmaz, G Uslu, T Özyürek
AIM: To compare the effect of autoclave cycles on the surface topography and roughness of HyFlex CM and HyFlex EDM instruments using atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis. METHODOLOGY: Eight new files of each brand were subdivided into four subgroups (n = 2/each subgroup). One group was allocated as the control group and not subjected to autoclave sterilization. The other three groups were subjected to different numbers (1, 5, and 10) of autoclave sterilization cycles...
February 13, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
S Jisha, P R Gouri, K N Anith, K K Sabu
Vascular plants synthesise a multitude of organic molecules or phytochemicals, referred to as "secondary metabolites". These molecules are involved in a variety of roles in the life span of plants, ranging from structural ones to protection. Centella asiatica (L.) Urban has probably been used since prehistoric times and has been reported to have been used for various medicinal and cosmetic purposes. The plant contains several active constituents, of which the most important is asiaticoside, a triterpenoid. Asiaticoside content in C...
February 7, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
L F Melo, P L J Monteiro, A B Nascimento, J N Drum, C Spies, A B Prata, M C Wiltbank, R Sartori
This experiment aimed to compare circulating progesterone (P4), follicular dynamics, and fertility during reuse of intravaginal P4 implants that were sanitized by autoclave or chemical disinfection in lactating Holstein cows submitted to fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI). For this, 123 primiparous and 226 multiparous cows from 2 farms, averaging (mean ± standard deviation) 163.9 ± 141.9 d in milk, 35.7 ± 11.3 kg of milk/d, and a body condition score of 2.9 ± 0.5, were enrolled in the study. Cows were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 treatments using a completely randomized design and each cow received a reused implant (1...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
L F Melo, P L J Monteiro, L H Oliveira, M M Guardieiro, J N Drum, M C Wiltbank, R Sartori
The aim of this study was to compare plasma progesterone (P4) concentrations in nonlactating, multiparous Holstein cows (n = 24) treated with 2 types of intravaginal implants containing either 1.0 or 1.9 g of P4 either at the first use or during reuse of the implants after sanitizing the implant by autoclave or chemical disinfection. In a completely randomized design with a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement and 2 replicates, every cow underwent 2 of 6 treatments. Two sources of P4 [controlled internal drug release (1...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Hugo Ribeiro, Trelita de Sousa, João P Santos, António G G Sousa, Catarina Teixeira, Maria R Monteiro, Paula Salgado, Ana P Mucha, C Marisa R Almeida, Luís Torgo, Catarina Magalhães
This study investigates the potential of an indigenous estuarine microbial consortium to degrade two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), naphthalene and fluoranthene, under nitrate-reducing conditions. Two physicochemically diverse sediment samples from the Lima Estuary (Portugal) were spiked individually with 25 mg L-1 of each PAH in laboratory designed microcosms. Sediments without PAHs and autoclaved sediments spiked with PAHs were run in parallel. Destructive sampling at the beginning and after 3, 6, 12, 30 and 63 weeks incubation was performed...
February 1, 2018: Chemosphere
Novi Syaftika, Yukihiko Matsumura
We herein investigated the effect of hemicellulose and lignin on the hydrothermal pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for glucose production from cellulose in terms of structural cross-linking between cellulose and the above components. A comparison was made between the hydrothermal pretreatment of biomass and a mixture containing the individual model compounds in the same composition ratio. Thus, rice straw biomass and the mixture containing cellulose, xylan, and lignin were treated in an autoclave reactor at temperatures between 150 and 250 °C for 30 min...
January 29, 2018: Bioresource Technology
Eugenio Pedullà, Angela Benites, Giusy M La Rosa, Gianluca Plotino, Nicola M Grande, Ernesto Rapisarda, Luigi Generali
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) immersion and sterilization on the cyclic fatigue resistance of heat-treated nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments. METHODS: Two hundred ten new 25/.06 Twisted Files (TFs; SybronEndo, Orange, CA) and Hyflex CM (Coltene Whaledent, Cuyahoga Falls, OH) files were divided into 7 groups (n = 15) for each brand. Group 1 (control group) included new instruments that were not immersed in NaOCl or subjected to autoclave sterilization...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Nomal Chintan Sheth, Yogesh V Rathod, Pratima R Shenoi, Deepa D Shori, Rajiv T Khode, Amruta P Khadse
Background: A novel technique of sterilization of endodontic files is introduced in this article. Aims: Newly introduced sterilization unit, named "SteriFast" is compared with autoclave and glass bead sterilizer using biological indicator. Materials and Methods: Spore strips of Bacillus pumilus were cultured in nutrient broth. This cultured media was used to contaminate the experimental samples of endodontic files. These contaminated files were sterilized using three different techniques...
September 2017: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
J E Libbey, J M Sanchez, D J Doty, J T Sim, M F Cusick, J E Cox, K F Fischer, J L Round, R S Fujinami
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a metabolically demanding disease involving immune-mediated destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. We previously demonstrated a significant alteration in disease course in the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) preclinical model of MS due to diet. Based on the established crosstalk between metabolism and gut microbiota, we took an unbiased sampling of microbiota, in the stool, and metabolites, in the serum and stool, from mice (Mus musculus) on the two different diets, the Teklad global soy protein-free extruded rodent diet (irradiated diet) and the Teklad sterilisable rodent diet (autoclaved diet)...
January 30, 2018: Beneficial Microbes
B H Kıvanc, H D Arısu, B C Sağlam, G Akça, M A Gürel, G Görgül
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial effects of diode laser and temperature rise on the root surface during application. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six teeth were chemomechanically prepared and irrigated with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite and 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, and then autoclaved and incubated with a suspension of Enterococcus faecalis. The specimens were randomly divided into three groups (n = 12): Group 1, irradiated by diode laser at 1...
December 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Esther Bayón Castañón, Marlene Kaposi, Robert M Reich, Fritz E Kühn
The synthesis of novel Ru(ii), Os(ii), Rh(iii) and Ir(iii) mono-N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) complexes with a pyridine substituent is reported. The reaction of the imidazolium salts bearing N-alkyl and sulfonated N-alkyl substituents with Ag2O leads to the formation of the corresponding Ag(i) complexes. The metal complexes are available in good yields via transmetallation reactions from the corresponding silver complexes and [ArMCl2]2, where Ar = p-cymene or Cp* and M = Ru, Os, Rh or Ir. While N-alkyl substituted NHC complexes are almost insoluble in water (1...
January 25, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Junxing Huang, Xu Zhang, Chuanzhou Liang, Jun Hu
The impacts of TiO2 on the chemical and biological transformation of racemic metalaxyl wettable powder (rac-metalaxyl WP) in agricultural soils, and soil microorganisms were investigated. Under simulated solar irradiation, TiO2 highly promoted the transformation of rac-metalaxyl WP without changing the enantiomer fraction, with the promotion amplitude (60-1280%) being dependent on TiO2 characteristics. TiO2 characteristics showed different influence on the transformation of rac-metalaxyl WP in soils and aqueous solutions because their characteristics changed differently in soils...
January 20, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Andressa Lima de Brida, Érika Cristina Souza da Silva Correia, Bárbara Monteiro de Castro E Castro, José Cola Zanuncio, Sílvia Renata Siciliano Wilcken
Meloidogyne spp. are the most economically important species of plant-pathogenic nematodes. Plant resistance and crop rotation are the main nematode management methods. Thus, the objective was to evaluate the resistance of seven wheat genotypes, five oat genotypes, ten sorghum hybrids, and three sorghum-sudangrass genotypes to Meloidogyne incognita and Meloidogyne javanica. The crops were sowed in pots with an autoclaved substrate. A single plant/pot was left after thinning. The soil was infested with 5,000 eggs of the studied nematodes...
December 2017: Journal of Nematology
Davood Zaeim, Mahboobe Sarabi-Jamab, Behrouz Ghorani, Rassoul Kadkhodaee, R Hans Tromp
Acacia gum solution was employed as a carrier for electrospray-assisted drying of probiotic cells. To optimize the process, effect of gum concentration, thermal sterilization as a prerequisite for microbial studies, and surfactant addition on physical properties of feed solution was investigated. Increasing gum concentration from 20 to 40 wt.% led to a viscosity increase, whilst surface tension did not change meaningfully and electrical conductivity declined after an increasing trend up to 30 wt.% of the gum...
March 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Simon Pierce, Alberto Spada, Elisabetta Caporali, Roberta M Ceriani, Gabriella Buffa
The seed coat of many species contains hydrophobic lignins, and in soil the action of microbial ligninases may contribute to release from dormancy. Laboratory use of ligninases to stimulate germination is promising because of the specific action on the seed coat, whereas chemical scarification agents may also corrode the embryo. We hypothesized that exposure of Anacamptis morio (Orchidaceae) seeds to fungal laccase stimulates germination, and that the mechanism involves lignin degradation and increased imbibition...
January 19, 2018: Plant Biology
Roberto Menzel, Ina Pahl, Thomas Loewe, Armin Hauk
Sterile filters are ubiquitous in biopharmaceutical manufacturing processes. Since such filters are in direct contact with the process fluid, profiling of the extractables is of utmost importance. The work presented here reveals the extractables profile from filter cartridges for sterilizing grade filtration, which were obtained from six different vendors. All filters contain a 0.2 μm polyethersulfone (PES) membrane for sterile filtration combined with a PES pre-filter with retention rates spanning from 0...
January 17, 2018: PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
Jung-Woo Nam, Hyung-Jun Kim
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to introduce our three experiments on bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and its carriers performed using the critical sized segmental defect (CSD) model in rat fibula and to investigate development of animal models and carriers for more effective bone regeneration. Materials and Methods: For the experiments, 14, 16, and 24 rats with CSDs on both fibulae were used in Experiments 1, 2, and 3, respectively. BMP-2 with absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) (Experiments 1 and 2), autoclaved autogenous bone (AAB) and fibrin glue (FG) (Experiment 3), and xenogenic bone (Experiment 2) were used in the experimental groups...
December 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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