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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217329/-the-changing-profile-of-caregivers-of-persons-aged-65-years-and-over-with-disabilities-within-a-persisting-family-care-model
#1
Pilar Zueras, Jeroen Spijker, Amand Blanes
INTRODUCTION: The increasing participation of women in the workforce may make it difficult to sustain the current model of elderly care. The aim of this article was to determine the changing sociodemographic profile of informal elderly caregivers with disabilities, the interaction between employment and care, and the view of the public on the responsibility of that care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of secondary data from four national surveys were used: the disability surveys held in 1999 (N=3,936) and 2008 (N=5,257), the 2011-12 National Health Survey (N=439), and the Family and Gender survey of 2012 (N=1,359)...
December 4, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215910/your-job-is-messing-with-mine-the-impact-of-mobile-device-use-for-work-during-family-time-on-the-spouse-s-work-life
#2
Dawn S Carlson, Merideth J Thompson, Wayne S Crawford, Wendy R Boswell, Dwayne Whitten
The use of mobile technology for work purposes during family time has been found to affect employees' work and family lives. Using a matched sample of 344 job incumbents and their spouses, we examined the role of mobile device (MD) use for work during family time in the job incumbent-spouse relationship and how this MD use crosses over to affect the spouse's work life. Integrating the work-home resources model with family systems theory, we found that as job incumbents engage in MD use for work during family time, work-to-family conflict increases, as does the combined experience of relationship tension between job incumbents and spouses...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209693/health-self-perception-in-patient-with-crohn-s-disease-a-web-survey
#3
M Chiarini, E Di Simone, C Scafuro, F Auddino, M Fabbri, A Delli Poggi, S Catanzaro, N Giannetta, M Di Muzio
BACKGROUND: Crohn's Disease (CD) has an incidence on the physical and psychological autonomy of the patient, such as to alter their daily life. The impact of the disease on the daily life of the patients is related to the symptoms and complications of the disease. Patient autonomy and participation in social and work life are the goals that nurses must reach for patients with CD to improve their quality of life. AIM: To measure the perception of the health of people with a diagnosis of CD...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209095/life-role-salience-and-subjective-well-being-among-macedonian-employees-does-family-supportive-organization-perception-moderate-this-relationship
#4
Biljana Blaževska Stoilkovska, Orhideja Šurbanovska, Ana Fritzhand, Tatjana Stojanoska Ivanova
OBJECTIVES: As many studies have shown, one of the most important tendencies of employees nowadays is to achieve work- life balance. Organizations should develop various activities and create supportive climate, within the framework of which employees will have opportunities to realize aforementioned goals which in turn would increase work productivity and work motivation. The aim of this paper was to examine how subjective well-being (life satisfaction and exhaustion) is associated with commitment to work and family roles under the conditions of strongly and weakly perceived organizational support for family life among health care professionals, teachers and bankers in Macedonia...
November 29, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207561/cross-national-differences-in-psychosocial-factors-of-perinatal-depression-a-systematic-review-of-india-and-japan
#5
REVIEW
Mizuki Takegata, Yukiko Ohashi, Anisha Lazarus, Toshinori Kitamura
Perinatal depression is prevalent worldwide. However, there are few available studies that discuss the different cultural factors affecting perinatal depression within Asian countries. This study aims to compare the literature regarding related factors relating to perinatal depression in India and Japan, and to synthesize the evidence common to both countries in addition to the country-specific evidence. We conducted a systematic review using several databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, Pubmed, Ovid, SCOPUS, IndMED, and ICHUSI)...
December 4, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206989/work-related-biomechanical-exposure-and-job-strain-as-separate-and-joint-predictors-of-musculoskeletal-diseases-a-28-year-prospective-follow-up-study
#6
K C Prakash, Subas Neupane, Päivi Leino-Arjas, Mikaela B von Bonsdorff, Taina Rantanen, Monika E von Bonsdorff, Jorma Seitsamo, Juhani Ilmarinen, Clas-Håkan Nygård
We investigated how work-related biomechanical exposure and job strain in midlife separately and jointly predicted back and degenerative musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs). A total of 6,257 employees participated in the Finnish Longitudinal Study on Aging Municipal Employees (FLAME) in 1981 and were followed up for 28 years. Risk ratios and the relative excessive risk due to interaction and 95% confidence intervals were modeled for separate and joint prediction estimates, respectively. After adjustment for confounders, job strain predicted degenerative MSDs among women after 4 and 11 years of follow-up...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198562/disease-burden-and-costs-from-excess-alcohol-consumption-obesity-and-viral-hepatitis-fourth-report-of-the-lancet-standing-commission-on-liver-disease-in-the-uk
#7
REVIEW
Roger Williams, Graeme Alexander, Iain Armstrong, Alastair Baker, Neeraj Bhala, Ginny Camps-Walsh, Matthew E Cramp, Simon de Lusignan, Natalie Day, Anil Dhawan, John Dillon, Colin Drummond, Jessica Dyson, Graham Foster, Ian Gilmore, Mark Hudson, Deirdre Kelly, Andrew Langford, Neil McDougall, Petra Meier, Kieran Moriarty, Philip Newsome, John O'Grady, Rachel Pryke, Liz Rolfe, Peter Rice, Harry Rutter, Nick Sheron, Alison Taylor, Jeremy Thompson, Douglas Thorburn, Julia Verne, John Wass, Andrew Yeoman
This report contains new and follow-up metric data relating to the eight main recommendations of the Lancet Standing Commission on Liver Disease in the UK, which aim to reduce the unacceptable harmful consequences of excess alcohol consumption, obesity, and viral hepatitis. For alcohol, we provide data on alcohol dependence, damage to families, and the documented increase in alcohol consumption since removal of the above-inflation alcohol duty escalator. Alcoholic liver disease will shortly overtake ischaemic heart disease with regard to years of working life lost...
November 28, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196079/burnout-moral-distress-work-life-balance-and-career-satisfaction-among-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-professionals
#8
Joyce L Neumann, Lih-Wen Mau, Sanya Virani, Ellen M Denzen, Deborah A Boyle, Nancy J Boyle, Jane Dabney, Alexandra De KeselLofthus, Marion Kalbacker, Tippu Khan, Navneet S Majhail, Elizabeth A Murphy, Pamela Paplham, Leslie Parran, Miguel-Angel Perales, Todd H Rockwood, Kim Schmit-Pokorny, Tait D Shanafelt, Elaine Stenstrup, William A Wood, Linda J Burns
BACKGROUND: A projected shortage of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) health professionals was identified as a major issue during the National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP)/Be The Match System Capacity Initiative. Work-related distress and work-life balance were noted to be potential barriers to recruitment/retention. This study examined these barriers and their association with career satisfaction across HCT disciplines. METHODS: A cross-sectional, 90-item, web-based survey was administered to advanced practice providers (APP), nurses, physicians, pharmacists, and social workers in 2015...
November 28, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193041/early-nurse-attrition-in-new-zealand-and-associated-policy-implications
#9
L Walker, J Clendon
AIM: To examine the factors contributing to nurses choosing to exit the nursing profession before retirement age. BACKGROUND: Population growth, ageing and growing demand for health services mean increased demand for nurses. Better retention could help meet this demand, yet little work has been done in New Zealand to understand early attrition. METHODS: An online survey of registered and enrolled nurses and nurse practitioners who had left nursing was used...
November 28, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188915/-occupational-aspects-of-emergency-medicine-practice-in-catalonia-the-opencat-opinion-survey
#10
Javier Jacob, Emili Gené, Gilberto Alonso, Pere Rimbau, José Zorrilla, Francesc Casarramona, Cristina Netto, Pere Sánchez, Ricard Hernández, Xavier Escalada, Òscar Miró
OBJECTIVES: To gather information on the contracting and training of members of the Catalan Society of Emergency Medicine (SoCMUE) who work in emergency medicine and services in Catalonia. To survey their opinions on certain aspects of resource availability and working conditions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study based on a survey sent to SoCMUE members. We studied the opinions of 5 types of respondent: hospital physicians, out-of-hospital physicians, hospital nurses, out-of-hospital nurses, and emergency medical technicians...
2017: Emergencias: Revista de la Sociedad Española de Medicina de Emergencias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184517/positive-healthy-organizations-promoting-well-being-meaningfulness-and-sustainability-in-organizations
#11
Annamaria Di Fabio
This contribution deals with the concept of healthy organizations and starts with a definition of healthy organizations and healthy business. In healthy organizations, culture, climate, and practices create an environment conducive to employee health and safety as well as organizational effectiveness (Lowe, 2010). A healthy organization thus leads to a healthy and successful business (De Smet et al., 2007; Grawitch and Ballard, 2016), underlining the strong link between organizational profitability and workers' well-being...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182376/perceptions-of-work-life-balance-practices-offered-in-the-collegiate-practice-setting
#12
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason, Lindsey E Eberman
CONTEXT:   Organizational factors have been identified as barriers to finding work-life balance (WLB) in athletic training. Despite the existence of organizational policies to address WLB, little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') awareness of these policies that could assist them. OBJECTIVE:   To better understand the perceptions of ATs regarding the workplace practices available to them, which may help them achieve WLB. DESIGN:   Phenomenologic design...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182375/multilevel-examination-of-job-satisfaction-and-career-intentions-of-collegiate-athletic-trainers-a-quantitative-approach
#13
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Craig R Denegar, William A Pitney, Jennifer McGarry
CONTEXT:   Recent employment data from collegiate athletic training settings have demonstrated departure trends among men and women. These trends have been hypothesized to be related to work-life balance. However, work-life balance is only 1 aspect of a myriad of factors. Due to the complex nature of the work-life interface, a multilevel examination is needed to better understand the precipitators of departure. OBJECTIVE:   To quantitatively examine factors that may influence collegiate athletic trainers' (ATs') job satisfaction and career intentions via a multilevel examination of the work-life interface...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182044/prerequisites-and-driving-forces-behind-an-extended-working-life-among-older-workers
#14
Pia Hovbrandt, Carita Håkansson, Maria Albin, Gunilla Carlsson, Kerstin Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Reforms are changing pension systems in many European countries, in order to both restrict early retirement and force people to extend their working life. From occupational therapy and occupational science perspectives, studies focusing on aspects of working life that motivate the older worker is urgent. AIM: The aim was to describe incentives behind an extended working life among people over age 65. METHOD: Focus group methodology was used, with participants ages 66-71, from varying work fields: construction and technical companies and the municipal elderly care sector...
November 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179809/factors-that-affect-general-practice-as-a-choice-of-medical-speciality-implications-for-policy-development
#15
Amit Vohra, Richard Ladyshewsky, Stephen Trumble
Objective This article critically appraises the range of personal, professional and social factors that affect the choice of speciality across medical students, prevocational doctors, general practice registrars and general practitioners.Methods This qualitative study applied constructs from the fields of decision theory and career theory to better understand the complex nature of choosing a speciality. In all, 47 in-depth interviews were conducted with participants at different stages of their career cycle...
November 28, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176812/generation-y-and-surgical-residency-passing-the-baton-or-the-end-of-the-world-as-we-know-it-results-from-a-survey-among-medical-students-in-germany
#16
Robert Kleinert, Claudia Fuchs, Vanessa Romotzky, Laura Knepper, Marie-Luise Wasilewski, Wolfgang Schröder, Christiane Bruns, Christiane Woopen, Jessica Leers
INTRODUCTION: The current student generation have their own expectations toward professional life and pay particular attention to their work-life balance. Less interest in work-intensive specialties leads to a shortage of skilled candidates especially in surgery. In order to motivate students into a surgical residency, new priorities become important. A deeper understanding of the underlying arguments and students' expectations towards a surgical training are necessary to counteract a future shortage of specialized surgeons...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166771/the-effects-of-yoga-on-stress-and-psychological-health-among-employees-an-8-and-16-week-intervention-study
#17
Rachel E Maddux, Daiva Daukantaité, Una Tellhed
BACKGROUND: The stresses of modern work life necessitate effective coping strategies that are accessible and affordable to the general public. Yoga has been found to reduce stress in clinical samples, but studies are needed to examine standard gym yoga classes among functional individuals. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effects of 8- and 16-week gym yoga on stress and psychological health. DESIGN AND METHOD: Ninety individuals reporting moderate-to-high stress were randomly assigned to 16 consecutive weeks of yoga, or to a waitlist crossover group who did not practice yoga for 8 weeks then practiced yoga for 8 weeks...
November 23, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165115/effects-of-gaps-in-priorities-between-ideal-and-real-lives-on-psychological-burnout-among-academic-faculty-members-at-a-medical-university-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Yuki Chatani, Kyoko Nomura, Saki Horie, Keisuke Takemoto, Masumi Takeuchi, Yukifumi Sasamori, Shinichi Takenoshita, Aya Murakami, Haruko Hiraike, Hiroko Okinaga, Derek Smith
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence from medical workforce research indicates that poor work/life balance and increased work/home conflict induce psychological distress. In this study we aim to examine the existence of a priority gap between ideal and real lives, and its association with psychological burnout among academic professionals. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey, conducted in 2014, included faculty members (228 men, 102 women) at a single medical university in Tokyo, Japan...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164989/shining-a-light-examining-similarities-and-differences-in-the-work-psychology-of-health-support-workers-employed-in-long-term-care-and-home-and-community-care-settings
#19
Tyrone A Perreira, Whitney Berta, Audrey Laporte, Liane Ginsburg, Raisa Deber, Gillian Elliott, Janet Lum
Health Support Workers (HSWs) provide up to 80% of care to residents and clients in the long-term care (LTC) and home and community care (HCC) sectors but have received little research attention compared with the regulated professions. The authors explore similarities and differences in the work psychology of HSWs employed in LTC and HCC settings. Data were collected via survey from 276 LTC and 184 HCC HSWs. Descriptive statistics and path analyses were conducted. HSWs in LTC and HCC settings have significant, positive associations between organizational citizenship behaviors directed toward the organization (OCB-Os) and psychological empowerment, as well as intention to stay (ITS) and job satisfaction...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162095/how-are-compassion-fatigue-burnout-and-compassion-satisfaction-affected-by-quality-of-working-life-findings-from-a-survey-of-mental-health-staff-in-italy
#20
Gaia Cetrano, Federico Tedeschi, Laura Rabbi, Giorgio Gosetti, Antonio Lora, Dario Lamonaca, Jill Manthorpe, Francesco Amaddeo
BACKGROUND: Quality of working life includes elements such as autonomy, trust, ergonomics, participation, job complexity, and work-life balance. The overarching aim of this study was to investigate if and how quality of working life affects Compassion Fatigue, Burnout, and Compassion Satisfaction among mental health practitioners. METHODS: Staff working in three Italian Mental Health Departments completed the Professional Quality of Life Scale, measuring Compassion Fatigue, Burnout, and Compassion Satisfaction, and the Quality of Working Life Questionnaire...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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