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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035667/why-doctors-consider-leaving-uk-medicine-qualitative-analysis-of-comments-from-questionnaire-surveys-three-years-after-graduation
#1
Trevor W Lambert, Fay Smith, Michael J Goldacre
Objective To report the reasons why doctors are considering leaving medicine or the UK. Design Questionnaire survey. Setting UK. Participants Questionnaires were sent three years after graduation to all UK medical graduates of 2008 and 2012. Main outcome measures Comments from doctors about their main reasons for considering leaving medicine or the UK (or both). Results The response rate was 46.2% (5291/11,461). Among the 60% of respondents who were not definitely intent on remaining in UK medicine, 50% were considering working in medicine outside the UK and 10% were considering leaving medicine...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033875/-i-will-survive-a-construct-validation-study-on-the-measurement-of-sustainable-employability-using-different-age-conceptualizations
#2
Pascale M Le Blanc, Beatrice I J M Van der Heijden, Tinka Van Vuuren
Though the importance of sustainable employability throughout people's working life is undisputed, up till now only one attempt for a conceptual definition has been made (van der Klink et al., 2016). Following the suggestions to further refine and improve this definition recently put forward by Fleuren et al. (2016), we propose an approach to sustainable employability that is based on the Ability-Motivation-Opportunity (AMO) framework, and incorporates three indicators: the ability, the motivation, and the opportunity to continue working, respectively...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033138/do-you-believe-it-verbal-suggestions-influence-the-clinical-and-neural-effects-of-escitalopram-in-social-anxiety-disorder-a-randomized-trial
#3
Vanda Faria, Malin Gingnell, Johanna M Hoppe, Olof Hjorth, Iman Alaie, Andreas Frick, Sara Hultberg, Kurt Wahlstedt, Jonas Engman, Kristoffer N T Månsson, Per Carlbring, Gerhard Andersson, Margareta Reis, Elna-Marie Larsson, Mats Fredrikson, Tomas Furmark
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are commonly prescribed for depression and anxiety, but their efficacy relative to placebo has been questioned. We aimed to test how manipulation of verbally induced expectancies, central for placebo, influences SSRI treatment outcome and brain activity in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). METHODS: We did a randomized clinical trial, within an academic medical center (Uppsala, Sweden), of individuals fulfilling the DSM-IV criteria for SAD, recruited through media advertising...
September 27, 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026436/relationship-between-menstruation-status-and-work-conditions-in-japan
#4
Mariko Nishikitani, Mutsuhiro Nakao, Shinobu Tsurugano, Mariko Inoure, Eiji Yano
BACKGROUND: Menstrual problems can significantly impact daily and work life. In reaction to a shrinking population, the Japanese government is encouraging more women to participate in the labor force. Actual success in achieving this aim, however, is limited. Specifically, participation in the workforce by women during their reproductive years is impacted by their health, which involves not only work conditions, but also traditional family circumstances. Therefore, it is important to further assess and gather more information about the health status of women who work during their reproductive years in Japan...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025404/working-people-with-type-1-diabetes-in-the-finnish-population
#5
Pirjo Hakkarainen, Reijo Sund, Martti Arffman, Sari Koski, Vilma Hänninen, Leena Moilanen, Kimmo Räsänen
BACKGROUND: The incidence of type 1 diabetes is increasing worldwide. Since so little is known about work life of individuals with type 1 diabetes, we examined incidence and prevalence trends of type 1 diabetes among working-aged Finns. We also investigated the employment rate and how workers with type 1 diabetes perceive their health and work ability, and their intended retirement age. METHODS: We analyzed changes in the incidence, prevalence, and employment rate using nationwide multi-register-based FinDM data, and estimated a Self-Rated Health, Work Ability Score, and inquired about retirement intentions of 767 working individuals with type 1 diabetes in a cross-sectional survey...
October 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019034/working-life-expectancy-at-age-50-in-the-united-states-and-the-impact-of-the-great-recession
#6
Christian Dudel, Mikko Myrskylä
A key concern about population aging is the decline in the size of the economically active population. Working longer is a potential remedy. However, little is known about the length of working life and how it relates to macroeconomic conditions. We use the U.S. Health and Retirement Study for 1992-2011 and multistate life tables to analyze working life expectancy at age 50 and study the impact of the Great Recession in 2007-2009. Despite declines of one to two years following the recession, in 2008-2011, American men aged 50 still spent 13 years, or two-fifths of their remaining life, working; American women of the same age spent 11 years, or one-third of their remaining life, in employment...
October 10, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018491/perception-of-noise-pollution-in-a-youth-and-adults-school-in-curitiba-pr
#7
Orlando Borges Filho, Angela Ribas, Claudia Giglio De Oliveira Gonçalves, Adriana Bender Moreira Lacerda, Renato Riesemberg, Karlin Klagenberg
Introduction  Nowadays noise remains the third largest cause of environmental pollution on Earth. It appears that despite the existing noise control legislation the issue deserves further supervision by the public authorities so that the ceilings established for the various activities are observed. People exposed to noise are more likely to develop numerous auditory and non-auditory problems directly impacting persona family and working life. Objectives  The objective of this study is to research and consequently understand how the population of students of a youth and adult school in Curitiba perceives noise pollution as well as look into the actions that the school adopts in order to guide the students on the topic...
October 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016500/nonreassuring-status-improving-obstetrician-gynecologist-wellness
#8
Abigail Ford Winkel, Francine Hughes, Stephanie V Blank
Physician wellness directly affects patient and physician health and has broader implications for our health systems. A summary of what is known about physician wellness in medicine, and obstetrics and gynecology in particular, identifies several areas for future focus. To change our culture and the structure of our academic health centers in a way that promotes resilience, we suggest greater attention to preparedness for practice and attention to work-life integration as well as mentoring and professional development...
October 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993441/providing-feedback-following-leadership-walkrounds-is-associated-with-better-patient-safety-culture-higher-employee-engagement-and-lower-burnout
#9
J Bryan Sexton, Kathryn C Adair, Michael W Leonard, Terri Christensen Frankel, Joshua Proulx, Sam R Watson, Brooke Magnus, Brittany Bogan, Maleek Jamal, Rene Schwendimann, Allan S Frankel
BACKGROUND: There is a poorly understood relationship between Leadership WalkRounds (WR) and domains such as safety culture, employee engagement, burnout and work-life balance. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey study evaluated associations between receiving feedback about actions taken as a result of WR and healthcare worker assessments of patient safety culture, employee engagement, burnout and work-life balance, across 829 work settings. RESULTS: 16 797 of 23 853 administered surveys were returned (70...
October 9, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990965/calling-to-nursing-concept-analysis
#10
Christie Emerson
The aims of this article are (a) to analyze the concept of a calling as it relates nursing and (b) to develop a definition of calling to nursing with the detail and clarity needed to guide reliable and valid research. The classic steps described by Walker and Avant are used for the analysis. Literature from several disciplines is reviewed including vocational psychology, Christian career counseling, sociology, organizational management, and nursing. The analysis provides an operational definition of a calling to nursing and establishes 3 defining attributes of the concept: (a) a passionate intrinsic motivation or desire (perhaps with a religious component), (b) an aspiration to engage in nursing practice, as a means of fulfilling one's purpose in life, and (c) the desire to help others as one's purpose in life...
October 4, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988955/work-related-quality-of-life-of-us-general-surgery-residents-is-it-really-so-bad
#11
Muhammad H Zubair, Lala R Hussain, Kristen N Williams, Kevin J Grannan
PURPOSE: The quality of working life of US surgical residents has not been studied, and given the complexity of interaction between work and personal life there is a need to assess this interaction. We utilized a validated Work Related Quality of Life (WRQoL) questionnaire to evaluate the perceived work-related quality of life of general surgery residents, using a large, nationally representative sample in the United States. METHODS: Between January 2016 and March 2016, all US general surgery residents enrolled in an ACGME general surgery training program were invited to participate...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985884/gender-differences-in-academic-surgery-work-life-balance-and-satisfaction
#12
Dadrie Baptiste, Alison M Fecher, Scott C Dolejs, Joseph Yoder, C Maximillian Schmidt, Marion E Couch, DuyKhanh P Ceppa
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of women are pursuing a career in surgery. Concurrently, the percentage of surgeons in dual-profession partnerships is increasing. We sought to evaluate the gender differences in professional advancement, work-life balance, and satisfaction at a large academic center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All surgical trainees and faculty at a single academic medical center were surveyed. Collected variables included gender, academic rank, marital status, family size, division of household responsibilities, and career satisfaction...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980877/higher-order-traits-and-happiness-in-the-workplace-the-importance-of-occupational-project-scale-for-the-evaluation-of-characteristic-adaptations
#13
Pelin Buruk, Ömer Faruk Şimşek, Ercan Kocayörük
This study attempts to explain the relationship between job satisfaction and the Big Two, Stability and Plasticity, which are the higher-order traits of Big Five. Occupational Project, a narrative construct, was considered a mediator variable in this relationship. Occupational Project consists of affective and cognitive evaluations of an individual's work life as a project in terms of the completed (past), the ongoing (present) and the prospective (future) parts. The survey method was applied to a sample of 253 participants...
October 5, 2017: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980035/-student-program-congress-grants-and-their-potential-influence-on-surgical-career-selection
#14
J Jähne, A Mittelstädt, K Götzky
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Due to a decreased interest in surgical training the German Society of Surgery (GSS) has provided a specially sponsored student program at its annual clinical congress for many years in order to increase the number of applicants for a career in surgery. It remains unclear if this goal is reached because an evaluation has not yet been performed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: At the clinical congress in 2014, 200 medical students participated in a special student program with the aid of a congress grant totaling 100,000 €...
October 4, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970441/competence-based-pharmacy-education-in-the-university-of-helsinki
#15
Nina Katajavuori, Outi Salminen, Katariina Vuorensola, Helena Huhtala, Pia Vuorela, Jouni Hirvonen
In order to meet the expectations to act as an expert in the health care profession, it is of utmost importance that pharmacy education creates knowledge and skills needed in today's working life. Thus, the planning of the curriculum should be based on relevant and up-to-date learning outcomes. In the University of Helsinki, a university wide curriculum reform called 'the Big Wheel' was launched in 2015. After the reform, the basic degrees of the university are two-cycle (Bachelor-Master) and competence-based, where the learning outcomes form a solid basis for the curriculum goals and implementation...
June 1, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965897/professional-development-for-radiographers-and-post-graduate-nurses-in-radiological-interventions-building-teamwork-and-collaboration-through-drama
#16
M Lundén, S M Lundgren, M Morrison-Helme, M Lepp
INTRODUCTION: The rapid development within Interventional Radiology presents new challenges. Hybrid operating rooms consist of interventional radiology, open surgery, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and other techniques. This means that several disciplines and professionals need to work in new constellations creating a multidisciplinary team around the patient. In accordance with this development, higher professional education must provide new pedagogic strategies to successfully address the knowledge expected in today's complex working life...
November 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953294/job-satisfaction-among-academic-family-physicians
#17
Denny Fe Agana, Maribeth Porter, Robert Hatch, Daniel Rubin, Peter Carek
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Family physicians report some of the highest rates of burnout among their physician peers. Over the past few years, this rate has increased and work-life balance has decreased. In academic medicine, many report lack of career satisfaction and have considered leaving academia. Our aim was to explore the factors that contribute to job satisfaction and burnout in faculty members in a family medicine department. METHODS: Six academic family medicine clinics were invited to participate in this qualitative study...
September 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952885/predictors-of-attitudes-towards-non-technical-skills-in-farming
#18
Amy Irwin, Jill Poots
OBJECTIVES: Farming is a high risk sector with up to 170,000 worldwide fatalities reported per year; it is therefore vital to identify methods of mitigating the dangers of this industry. Research within high-risk industries, such as aviation, shipping, and agriculture, has identified the importance of non-technical skills (NTS) in maintaining effective, safe performance and reducing error and injury. However, there is a lack of research evaluating factors that may contribute to NTS attitudes and behaviors...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942731/factors-influencing-trainee-doctor-emigration-in-a-high-income-country-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Nicholas Clarke, Sophie Crowe, Niamh Humphries, Ronan Conroy, Simon O'Hare, Paul Kavanagh, Ruairi Brugha
BACKGROUND: The Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel focuses particularly on migration of doctors from low- and middle-income countries. Less is understood about migration from high-income countries. Recession has impacted several European countries in recent years, and in some cases emigration has reached unprecedented levels. This study measures and explores the predictors of trainee doctor emigration from Ireland. METHODS: Using a partially mixed sequential dominant (quantitative) study design, a nationally representative sample of 893 trainee doctors was invited to complete an online survey...
September 25, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941662/-welfare-state-and-public-health-the-role-of-occupational-health
#20
Fernando G Benavides, Jordi Delclós, Consol Serra
In the context of the current crisis of the Welfare State, occupational health can contribute significantly to its sustainability by facilitating decent and healthy employment throughout the working life. To this end, occupational health must take on the challenge of promoting health, preventing and managing injuries, illnesses and disability, based on better coordination of prevention services, mutual insurance companies, and health services, as well as by empowering the leadership in prevention of companies and the active participation of those who work...
September 20, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
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