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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456870/a-psychosocial-intervention-for-the-management-of-functional-dysphonia-complex-intervention-development-and-pilot-randomised-trial
#1
Vincent Deary, Elaine McColl, Paul Carding, Tracy Miller, Janet Wilson
Background: Medically unexplained loss or alteration of voice-functional dysphonia-is the commonest presentation to speech and language therapists (SLTs). Besides the impact on personal and work life, functional dysphonia is also associated with increased levels of anxiety and depression and poor general health. Voice therapy delivered by SLTs improves voice but not these associated symptoms. The aims of this research were the systematic development of a complex intervention to improve the treatment of functional dysphonia, and the trialling of this intervention for feasibility and acceptability to SLTs and patients in a randomised pilot study...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456589/employment-status-and-changes-in-working-career-in-relation-to-asthma-a-cross-sectional-survey
#2
Saara Taponen, Lauri Lehtimäki, Kirsi Karvala, Ritva Luukkonen, Jukka Uitti
Background: Asthmatics confront inconveniences in working life that make it more difficult to pursue a sustainable career, such as unemployment and work disability. Ways of dealing with these inconveniences may be career changes. More needs to be known about the backgrounds and consequences of career changes among asthmatics, especially their relation to asthma or a change in asthma symptoms. The aim of this study was to compare earlier career changes of adults with asthma who are working full time to those who have drifted away from active working life because of work disability, unemployment or early retirement...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455900/heart-rate-variability-is-associated-with-psychosocial-stress-in-distinct-social-domains
#3
Alexander Lischke, Robert Jacksteit, Anett Mau-Moeller, Rike Pahnke, Alfons O Hamm, Matthias Weippert
OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial stress is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Accordingly, there is a growing interest in biomarkers that indicate whether individuals show adaptive (i.e., stress-buffering and health-promoting) or maladaptive (i.e., stress-escalating and health-impairing) stress reactions in social contexts. As heart rate variability (HRV) has been suggested to be a biomarker of adaptive behavior during social encounters, it may be possible that inter-individual differences in HRV are associated with inter-individual differences regarding stress in distinct social domains...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454141/a-cluster-randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-tailored-worksite-smoking-cessation-intervention-targeting-hispanic-latino-construction-workers-intervention-development-and-research-design
#4
Taghrid Asfar, Alberto J Caban-Martinez, Laura A McClure, Estefania C Ruano-Herreria, Danielle Sierra, G Gilford Clark, Daniel Samano, Noella A Dietz, Kenneth D Ward, Kristopher L Arheart, David J Lee
Construction workers have the highest smoking rate among all occupations (39%). Hispanic/Latino workers constitute a large and increasing group in the US construction industry (over 2.6 million; 23% of all workers). These minority workers have lower cessation rates compared to other groups due to their limited access to cessation services, and lack of smoking cessation interventions adapted to their culture and work/life circumstances. Formative research was conducted to create an intervention targeting Hispanic/Latino construction workers...
February 14, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450241/smartphone-addiction-daily-interruptions-and-self-reported-productivity
#5
Éilish Duke, Christian Montag
The advent of the smartphone has dramatically altered how we communicate, navigate, work and entertain ourselves. While the advantages of this new technology are clear, constant use may also bring negative consequences, such as a loss of productivity due to interruptions in work life. A link between smartphone overuse and loss of productivity has often been hypothesized, but empirical evidence on this question is scarce. The present study addressed this question by collecting self-report data from N = 262 participants, assessing private and work-related smartphone use, smartphone addiction and self-rated productivity...
December 2017: Addictive Behaviors Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445011/understanding-veterinary-leadership-in-practice
#6
Caroline Elizabeth Pearson, Allan J Butler, Yaqub Paul Murray
The Vet Futures Report has identified 'exceptional leadership' as a key ambition for the long-term sustainability of the industry. This research investigates what it is like to be a veterinary surgeon in an in-practice leadership position, applying the qualitative methodology of interpretative phenomenological analysis. Through the researchers' interpretation of the seven participants' stories of their leadership experiences, the study advances understanding of the work environment, underlying motivations and the perceived responsibilities of veterinary leaders...
February 14, 2018: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439381/managers-attitudes-to-their-older-employees-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Kerstin Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Societal interest in enabling older workers to prolong their working life has increased in recent years due to demographic change. Managers have a key role in extending working life among employees, because they control the organisation, work environment and potential measures enabling older workers to extend their working life. OBJECTIVE: To examine managers' attitudes to their older workers. METHOD: A cross-sectional study based on a questionnaire answered by 905 managers working in different municipal departments in Sweden...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439377/recovery-work-life-balance-and-work-experiences-important-to-self-rated-health-a-questionnaire-study-on-salutogenic-work-factors-among-swedish-primary-health-care-employees
#8
Lina Ejlertsson, Bodil Heijbel, Göran Ejlertsson, Ingemar Andersson
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information on positive work factors among health care workers. OBJECTIVE: To explore salutogenic work-related factors among primary health care employees. METHOD: Questionnaire to all employees (n = 599) from different professions in public and private primary health care centers in one health care district in Sweden. The questionnaire, which had a salutogenic perspective, included information on self-rated health from the previously validated SHIS (Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale), psychosocial work environment and experiences, recovery, leadership, social climate, reflection and work-life balance...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432625/burnout-and-resiliency-among-family-medicine-program-directors
#9
Maribeth Porter, Helen Hagan, Rosemary Klassen, Yang Yang, Dean A Seehusen, Peter J Carek
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Nearly one-half (46%) of physicians report at least one symptom of burnout. Family medicine residency program directors may have similar and potentially unique levels of burnout as well as resiliency. The primary aims of this study were to examine burnout and resiliency among family medicine residency directors and characterize associated factors. METHODS: The questions used were part of a larger omnibus survey conducted by the Council of Academic Family Medicine (CAFM) Educational Research Alliance (CERA) in 2016...
February 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430773/work-satisfaction-and-future-career-intentions-of-experienced-nurses-transitioning-to-primary-health-care-employment
#10
Christine Ashley, Kath Peters, Angela Brown, Elizabeth Halcomb
AIM: To explore registered nurses' reflections on transitioning from acute to primary health care employment, and future career intentions. BACKGROUND: Reforms in primary health care have resulted in increasing demands for a skilled primary health care nursing workforce. To meet shortfalls, acute care nurses are being recruited to primary health care employment, yet little is known about levels of satisfaction and future career intentions. METHOD: A sequential mixed methods study consisting of a survey and semi-structured interviews with nurses who transition to primary health care...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421010/training-cardiovascular-outcomes-researchers-a-survey-of-mentees-and-mentors-to-identify-critical-training-gaps-and-needs
#11
Prateeti Khazanie, Sana M Al-Khatib, Tracy Y Wang, Matthew J Crowley, Nancy R Kressin, Harlan M Krumholz, Catarina I Kiefe, Barbara L Wells, Sean M O'Brien, Eric D Peterson, Gillian D Sanders
BACKGROUND: Many young investigators are interested in cardiovascular (CV) outcomes research; however, the current training experience of early investigators across the United States is uncertain. METHODS: From April to November 2014, we surveyed mentees and mentors of early-stage CV outcomes investigators across the United States. We contacted successful grantees of government agencies, members of professional organizations, and trainees in CV outcomes training programs...
February 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417426/association-of-midlife-value-priorities-with-health-related-quality-of-life-frailty-and-mortality-among-older-men-a-26-year-follow-up-of-the-helsinki-businessmen-study-hbs
#12
Annele Urtamo, Hannu Kautiainen, Kaisu H Pitkälä, Timo E Strandberg
PURPOSE: Personal values influence behavior and decision making, but their long-term associations with health-related quality of life (HRQoL), frailty, and mortality are less clear. We studied these associations from midlife to old age in a 26-year follow-up of the Helsinki Businessmen Study (HBS) cohort. METHODS: In 1974, 1320 clinically healthy men (born 1919-1934) reported in a 12-item questionnaire their personal values. In 2000, a mailed questionnaire, including assessment of HRQoL with RAND-36 (SF-36) instrument, was sent to survivors, and 1025 men responded...
February 7, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417062/developing-a-pilot-curriculum-to-foster-humanism-among-graduate-medical-trainees
#13
Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Alice Chuang, Amy Weil, Jennifer O Howell
BACKGROUND: Humanism is a central tenant of professionalism, a required competency for all residency programs. Yet, few residencies have formal curriculum for teaching this critical aspect of medicine. Instead, professionalism and humanism are often taught informally through role-modeling. With increased burnout, faculty professionalism may suffer and may compromise resident role-modeling. The objective of this study was to design a pilot curriculum to foster humanism in among residents and assess its ability to do so...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415923/non-work-periods-for-a-better-working-life
#14
Masaya Takahashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414114/factors-related-to-nursing-students-readiness-to-enter-working-life-a-scoping-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Tiina Järvinen, Niina Eklöf, Leena Salminen
The aim of this scoping literature review was to identify the factors related to nursing students' readiness to enter working life. The literature search was carried out in autumn 2017 in PubMed and CINAHL databases. The studies selected for this review (n = 17) were analyzed thematically with inductive content analysis. Four subthemes that were combined into two main factors related to nursing students' readiness to enter working life were found. The main factors found were 1) educational factors and 2) personal factors...
February 1, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407519/predictors-for-employment-status-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-10-year-longitudinal-observational-study
#16
Mia Forslin, Katharina Fink, Ulf Hammar, Lena von Koch, Sverker Johansson
OBJECTIVE: To identify predictors for employment status after 10 years in a cohort of people with multiple sclerosis (MS), with the aim to increase knowledge concerning factors present at an early stage important for working life and work-life balance. DESIGN: A 10-year longitudinal observational cohort study. SETTING: People with a definite MS diagnosis, who at inclusion were outpatients at an MS Centre at a university hospital in Stockholm, Sweden...
January 30, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404835/fatigue-and-depressive-symptoms-improve-but-remain-negatively-related-to-work-functioning-over-18-months-after-return-to-work-in-cancer-patients
#17
H F Dorland, F I Abma, S K R Van Zon, R E Stewart, B C Amick, A V Ranchor, C A M Roelen, U Bültmann
PURPOSE: The aims of this study are to investigate the course of work functioning, health status, and work-related factors among cancer patients during 18 months after return to work (RTW) and to examine the associations between these variables and work functioning over time. METHODS: Data were used from the 18-month longitudinal "Work Life after Cancer" (WOLICA) cohort, among 384 cancer patients who resumed work. Linear mixed models were performed to examine the different courses during 18-month follow-up...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402533/artificial-intelligence-and-machine-learning-in-radiology-opportunities-challenges-pitfalls-and-criteria-for-success
#18
James H Thrall, Xiang Li, Quanzheng Li, Cinthia Cruz, Synho DO, Keith Dreyer, James Brink
Worldwide interest in artificial intelligence (AI) applications, including imaging, is high and growing rapidly, fueled by availability of large datasets ("big data"), substantial advances in computing power, and new deep-learning algorithms. Apart from developing new AI methods per se, there are many opportunities and challenges for the imaging community, including the development of a common nomenclature, better ways to share image data, and standards for validating AI program use across different imaging platforms and patient populations...
January 31, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401507/turnover-intentions-in-a-call-center-the-role-of-emotional-dissonance-job-resources-and-job-satisfaction
#19
Margherita Zito, Federica Emanuel, Monica Molino, Claudio Giovanni Cortese, Chiara Ghislieri, Lara Colombo
BACKGROUND: Turnover intentions refer to employees' intent to leave the organization and, within call centers, it can be influenced by factors such as relational variables or the perception of the quality of working life, which can be affected by emotional dissonance. This specific job demand to express emotions not felt is peculiar in call centers, and can influence job satisfaction and turnover intentions, a crucial problem among these working contexts. This study aims to detect, within the theoretical framework of the Job Demands-Resources Model, the role of emotional dissonance (job demand), and two resources, job autonomy and supervisors' support, in the perception of job satisfaction and turnover intentions among an Italian call center...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398910/integrating-participatory-ergonomic-management-in-non-weight-bearing-exercise-and-progressive-resistance-exercise-on-self-care-and-functional-ability-in-aged-farmers-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-clustered-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Sang-Arun Isaramalai, Kanokwan Hounsri, Chanon Kongkamol, Pornnit Wattanapisitkul, Napaporn Tangadulrat, Tippawan Kaewmanee, Varah Yuenyongviwat
Background: Ergonomic hazards are the most important cause of knee osteoarthritis (OA) in aged para rubber farmers. Ergonomic management comprising improvement of working conditions and muscle-strengthening exercise has been well documented in terms of workers' health benefit. However, those interventions were not adequate to sustain the advantage. Few studies have demonstrated the effect of integrating participatory ergonomic management (PEM) in non-weight-bearing exercise (NWE) and progressive resistance exercise (PRE), and none has focused on aged para rubber farmers with knee OA...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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