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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100258/association-between-work-time-loss-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-herpes-zoster-a-pooled-analysis-of-the-master-studies
#1
Emmanouil Rampakakis, Melissa Stutz, Kosuke Kawai, Tsen-Fang Tsai, Hee Jin Cheong, Jittima Dhitavat, Alejandro Ortiz-Covarrubias, Miguel Cashat-Cruz, Homero Monsanto, Kelly D Johnson, John S Sampalis, Camilo J Acosta
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) has a significant negative effect on the productive work life of individuals, and has been shown to be responsible for cases of absenteeism, presenteeism and decreased work effectiveness. The aim of this study was to evaluate health utility scores and associated predictors in an actively employed population of Herpes Zoster (HZ) patients with and without work time loss (WTL). METHODS: This was a pooled analysis of the prospective, observational MASTER cohort studies, conducted in 8 countries across North America, Latin America and Asia...
January 18, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095887/association-between-midlife-health-behaviours-and-transitions-out-of-employment-from-midlife-to-early-old-age-whitehall-ii-cohort-study
#2
Gareth Hagger-Johnson, Ewan Carr, Emily Murray, Stephen Stansfeld, Nicola Shelton, Mai Stafford, Jenny Head
BACKGROUND: It is important to determine whether unhealthy behaviours might influence transitions out of employment from midlife to old age, given the anticipated need for adults to work for longer. Our aim was to determine the association between repeated assessments of cigarette smoking, heavy/problem alcohol drinking, low physical activity and poor diet at midlife, in relation to work exit from midlife to old age. METHODS: Data from 7704 participants (5392 men) from the Whitehall II cohort study in employment at midlife were used to evaluate the association between unhealthy behaviours and a subsequent transition out of work during 22 years follow-up, using logistic regression models...
January 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090336/medical-feminism-working-mothers-and-the-limits-of-home-finding-a-balance-between-self-care-and-other-care-in-cross-cultural-debates-about-health-and-lifestyle-1952-1956
#3
Frederick Cooper
Post-war medical debates about the psychiatric consequences of married women's economic behaviour witnessed far more divergence and collision between perspectives than has often been acknowledged. Practitioners who approached women primarily as facilitators of family health-as wives and mothers-were mistrustful of the competing demands presented by paid employment. They were faced by a growing spectrum of opinion, however, which represented women as atrophying in the confines of domestic life, and which positioned work as a therapeutic act...
July 12, 2016: Palgrave Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068830/work-life-balance-and-welfare
#4
Lois Evans, Greg Young
OBJECTIVES: An online survey and focus groups were conducted, providing qualitative information on the work-life balance of psychiatrists and trainees in Australasia. METHODS: An invitation to participate in an anonymous online welfare survey was emailed to all the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists trainees, Fellows, and Affiliates. Following this, nine focus groups were held across Australia and New Zealand. RESULTS: Responses received were thematically analysed...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049675/the-embedded-counseling-model-an-application-to-dental-students
#5
David Francis Adams
Prior research has suggested that dental students experience high rates of stress, anxiety, and mood concerns, which have been linked to poor academic performance, health concerns, and substance abuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an embedded counseling office at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics in its first three academic semesters. Data were gathered from students attending appointments, and two inventories were used to monitor students' counseling progress and gather psychological outcomes data: the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-34 (CCAPS-34) and the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047517/su-f-t-13-transit-dose-comparisons-for-co-60-and-ir-192-hdr-sources
#6
V Gimenez-Alventosa, J Vijande, F Ballester, J Perez-Calatayud
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare the transit dose due to the movement of high dose rate (HDR) Ir-192 and Co-60 sources along the transfer tube. This is performed by evaluating air-kerma differences in the vicinity of the transfer tube when both sources are moved with the same velocity from a HDR brachytherapy afterloader into a patient. METHODS: Monte Carlo simulations have been performed using PENELOPE2014. mHDR-v2 and Flexisource sources have been considered...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045790/occupational-psychosocial-hazards-among-the-emerging-us-green-collar-workforce
#7
Cristina A Fernandez, Kevin Moore, Laura A McClure, Alberto J Caban-Martinez, William G LeBlanc, Lora E Fleming, Manuel Cifuentes, David J Lee
OBJECTIVE: To compare occupational psychosocial hazards in green collar versus non-green collar workers. METHODS: Standard Occupational Classification codes were used to link the 2010 National Health Interview Survey to the 2010 Occupational Information Network Database. Multivariable logistic regressions were used to predict job insecurity, work life imbalance, and workplace harassment in green versus non-green collar workers. RESULTS: Most participants were white, non-Hispanic, 25 to 64 years of age, and obtained greater than a high school education...
January 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019005/quality-of-working-life-of-cancer-survivors-associations-with-health-and-work-related-variables
#8
Merel de Jong, Sietske J Tamminga, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Angela G E M de Boer
PURPOSE: This study aimed to (1) describe the Quality of Working Life (QWL) of cancer survivors and (2) explore associations between the QWL of cancer survivors and health- and work-related variables. METHODS: Employed and self-employed cancer survivors were recruited through hospitals and patient organizations. They completed the Quality of Working Life Questionnaire for Cancer Survivors (QWLQ-CS) and health- and work-related variables in this cross-sectional study...
December 26, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008006/the-associations-between-work-life-balance-behaviours-teamwork-climate-and-safety-climate-cross-sectional-survey-introducing-the-work-life-climate-scale-psychometric-properties-benchmarking-data-and-future-directions
#9
J Bryan Sexton, Stephanie P Schwartz, Whitney A Chadwick, Kyle J Rehder, Jonathan Bae, Joanna Bokovoy, Keith Doram, Wayne Sotile, Kathryn C Adair, Jochen Profit
BACKGROUND: Improving the resiliency of healthcare workers is a national imperative, driven in part by healthcare workers having minimal exposure to the skills and culture to achieve work-life balance (WLB). Regardless of current policies, healthcare workers feel compelled to work more and take less time to recover from work. Satisfaction with WLB has been measured, as has work-life conflict, but how frequently healthcare workers engage in specific WLB behaviours is rarely assessed. Measurement of behaviours may have advantages over measurement of perceptions; behaviours more accurately reflect WLB and can be targeted by leaders for improvement...
December 22, 2016: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005822/osteodistraction-with-dental-implant-borne-devices-for-bone-regeneration-in-atrophied-premaxilla
#10
Francesco Carlino, Gian Piero Villani, Andrea Berti, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Antonio Cortese, Pier Paolo Claudio
Aim of this work is to present the evolution of an innovative technique for tooth/implant supported bone distraction, leading to proper oral rehabilitation in patients with atrophic alveolar bone, even when a complete premaxilla expansion is needed, or in patients in whom implants were already present, but inserted in wrong position.Distraction osteogenesis was selected because of its moderate invasiveness, the few surgical steps needed, and the proper cost/benefits balance. This procedure is particularly suited for young patients with remarkable aesthetic demands related to active social and working life, as for elderly patients expecting lower surgical stress and risks...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000421/job-satisfaction-quality-of-work-life-and-work-motivation-in-employees-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Andreas Kocman, Germain Weber
BACKGROUND: Current research on employment options for people with Intellectual Disability emphasizes the importance of employee needs and satisfaction. The study aims at systematically reviewing the literature on job satisfaction and related constructs. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted. Studies were included if (i) they are specific to effects of work, (ii) assessed variables are related to job satisfaction, QoWL, attitudes towards work or work motivation and if (iii) studies reported intellectual disability-specific results...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993612/associations-among-self-perceived-work-and-life-stress-trouble-sleeping-physical-activity-and-body-weight-among-canadian-adults
#12
Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga, Jean-Philippe Chaput
We investigated the associations among self-perceived work and life stress, trouble sleeping, physical activity and body weight among Canadian adults, and tested whether trouble sleeping and physical activity moderated the relationship between work/life stress and body weight, and whether work/life stress and physical activity moderated the relationship between trouble sleeping and body weight. Data on 13,926 Canadian adults aged 20years and older were derived from the nationally representative 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey...
December 18, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990173/working-and-environmental-factors-on-job-burnout-a-cross-sectional-study-among-nurses
#13
Maura Galletta, Igor Portoghese, Marta Ciuffi, Federica Sancassiani, Ernesto D' Aloja, Marcello Campagna
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a problem that impacts on the staff management costs and on the patient care quality. OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to investigate some psychosocial factors related to burnout. Specifically, we explored the sample characteristics for moderate/high emotional exhaustion, cynicism and professional inefficacy, as well as the relationship between both working and environmental variables and burnout. METHOD: A cross-sectional study involving 307 nurses from one Italian hospital was carried out...
2016: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977302/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-iii-benefits-of-and-barriers-in-the-medical-and-academic-models
#14
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT:  Academic and medical models are emerging as alternatives to the athletics model, which is the more predominant model in the collegiate athletic training setting. Little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') perceptions of these models. OBJECTIVE:  To investigate the perceived benefits of and barriers in the medical and academic models. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I, II, and III...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977301/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-ii-benefits-of-and-barriers-in-the-athletics-model
#15
Ashley Goodman, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason
CONTEXT:  The athletics model, in which athletic training clinical programs are part of the athletics department, is the predominant model in the collegiate athletic training setting. Little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') perceptions of this model, particularly as it relates to organizational hierarchy. OBJECTIVE:  To explore the perceived benefits of and barriers in the athletics model. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I and III...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976663/physical-activity-for-longer-working-lives-an-analysis-of-physical-activity-profiles-of-selected-occupational-groups-in-poland
#16
Elzbieta Biernat, Sonia Buchholtz, Marek Góra
BACKGROUND: Extending working lives has become an inevitable objective of public policy in the era of population ageing. It is possible, however, that the duration of working life will depend on individual employability. Out of a wide range of factors affecting employability, in this paper we have analyzed one specific aspect of health status, which is physical activity. METHODS: This paper studies the relationship between physical activity and BMI among representatives of seven occupational groups in Poland using a logit regression...
December 13, 2016: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969055/a-longitudinal-study-of-working-life-among-first-line-managers-in-the-care-of-older-adults
#17
Heidi Hagerman, Bernice Skytt, Barbro Wadensten, Hans Högberg, Maria Engström
AIM: To study whether the number of subordinates plays a role in first-line managers' and subordinates' ratings of empowerment, stress symptoms, and leadership-management performance. The aim was also to study relationships between managers' empowerment and stress symptoms and leadership-management performance. METHODS: A longitudinal and correlational design was used. All first-line managers (n=98) and their subordinates (n=2085) working in the care of older adults in five municipalities were approached...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934629/the-work-environment-of-junior-doctors-their-perspectives-and-coping-strategies
#18
Tzong-Yang Pan, Howard S Fan, Cathy A Owen
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the associations between psychological distress in junior doctors and their work environment and how they cope with work stressors. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey designed by Health Education and Training Institute was delivered in 2014 to over 1900 junior doctors across 15 hospital networks through Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales. Psychological distress was evaluated using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale-10 (K10)...
December 1, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930661/chronic-diseases-health-behaviors-and-demographic-characteristics-as-predictors-of-ill-health-retirement-findings-from-the-korea-health-panel-survey-2008-2012
#19
Young Joong Kang, Mo-Yeol Kang
PURPOSE: The research aim was to identify demographic characteristics, chronic diseases, and unhealthy behaviors predicting ill health retirement in South Korea. METHODS: Data were collected from 15,407 individuals enrolled in the first through the fifth phases of the Korea Health Panel Survey (2008-2012) using structured questionnaires examining retirement, morbidities, and health-related behaviors. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to examine demographic and clinical characteristics' effects on ill health retirement...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928983/the-demographics-and-education-of-emergency-medical-services-ems-professionals-a-national-longitudinal-investigation
#20
Melissa A Bentley, Abigail Shoben, Roger Levine
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess longitudinal and cross-sectional changes in Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)-Basics and Paramedics: (1) demographics, (2) employment characteristics, and (3) initial Emergency Medical Services (EMS) education. METHODS: These data were collected between 1999 and 2008 employing survey techniques aimed at collecting valid data. A random, stratified sample was utilized to allow results to be generalizable to the nationally certified EMS population...
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
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