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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644486/use-of-work-life-balance-benefits-guaranteed-by-law-in-poland-do-size-of-the-enterprise-and-gender-matter
#1
Dorota Merecz-Kot, Marcin Drabek, Aleksander Stańczak, Aleksandra Andysz, Aleksandra Jacukowicz
BACKGROUND: The paper is aimed at indicating the similarities and differences in use of benefits supporting work-life balance (WLB) between women and men working in Polish small/medium and large enterprises. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample included 556 workers (311 women, 245 men), aged 20-68 years old employed on the basis of employment contracts for at least a year in Polish enterprises. The respondents completed a questionnaire on the use of benefits guaranteed by the Polish Labour Code, referring to their current workplaces...
June 22, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639937/a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-of-intravenous-immunoglobulin-compared-with-standard-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-transverse-myelitis-in-adults-and-children-strive
#2
Michael Absoud, Peter Brex, Olga Ciccarelli, Onyinye Diribe, Gavin Giovannoni, Jennifer Hellier, Rosemary Howe, Rachel Holland, Joanna Kelly, Paul McCrone, Caroline Murphy, Jackie Palace, Andrew Pickles, Michael Pike, Neil Robertson, Anu Jacob, Ming Lim
BACKGROUND: Transverse myelitis (TM) is an immune-mediated disorder of the spinal cord that affects adults and children and that causes motor, sensory and autonomic dysfunction. There is a prolonged recovery phase, which may continue for many years. Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an uncommon relapsing inflammatory central nervous system condition in which TM can be the first presenting symptom. As TM and NMO affect many patients in the prime of their working life, the disorder can impose a significant demand on health resources...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638965/internalizing-and-externalizing-problems-in-childhood-and-adolescence-as-predictors-of-work-incapacity-in-young-adulthood
#3
Jurgita Narusyte, Annina Ropponen, Kristina Alexanderson, Pia Svedberg
BACKGROUND: There is limited information regarding the association between youth mental health problems and work incapacity in adulthood. We investigated whether internalizing (depressive, anxious, somatic complaints) and externalizing (aggressive, rule-breaking) behavior problems in childhood and adolescence were associated with sickness absence (SA) and disability pension (DP) in young adulthood. METHODS: Data were used from the population-based and prospective Twin Study of Child and Adolescent Development (TCHAD) which includes all Swedish twins born in 1985-1986 (N = 2570)...
June 21, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633992/eating-out-in-four-nordic-countries-national-patterns-and-social-stratification
#4
T B Lund, U Kjærnes, L Holm
Using a survey conducted in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) in 2012, we investigated whether eating out in cafés and restaurants in these countries is best characterized as a workday pattern activity or a leisure activity; and, whether frequent eating at cafés and restaurants is related to socio-demographic factors and factors relevant to the organization of daily life. We found that eating out is not a fundamental part of everyday eating. It is something which takes place occasionally...
June 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629403/factors-influencing-professional-life-satisfaction-among-neurologists
#5
Stephanie M Teixeira-Poit, Michael T Halpern, Heather L Kane, Michael Keating, Murrey Olmsted
BACKGROUND: Predicted shortages in the supply of neurologists may limit patients' access to and quality of care for neurological disorders. Retaining neurologists already in practice provides one opportunity to support the overall supply of practicing neurologists. Understanding factors associated with professional life satisfaction (and dissatisfaction) and implementing policies to enhance satisfaction may encourage neurologists to remain in clinical practice. In this paper, we present results from the first study examining factors associated with professional life satisfaction among a large sample of U...
June 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626242/work-related-change-in-residential-elderly-care-trust-space-and-connectedness
#6
Wieke E van der Borg, Petra Verdonk, Linda Dauwerse, Tineke A Abma
Increasing care needs and a declining workforce put pressure on the quality and continuity of long-term elderly care. The need to attract and retain a solid workforce is increasingly acknowledged. This study reports about a change initiative that aimed to improve the quality of care and working life in residential elderly care. The research focus is on understanding the process of workforce change and development, by retrospectively exploring the experiences of care professionals. A responsive evaluation was conducted at a nursing home department in the Netherlands one year after participating in the change program...
July 2017: Human Relations; Studies Towards the Integration of the Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625409/expectations-of-the-ideal-worker-and-its-influence-on-professional-identity-in-academic-medicine-perspectives-from-a-career-flexibility-educational-intervention
#7
Lydia Pleotis Howell, Laurel A Beckett, Amparo C Villablanca
• Career flexibility policies to support faculty work-life balance are under-utilized due to many perceived barriers. • Reported barriers to policy use increased after an educational intervention, reflecting conflicts with personal and professional identity and team/peer pressure. • Creating a culture that increases work-life flexibility and satisfaction requires addressing expectations for extreme work devotion, perhaps best accomplished by faculty roles models who can re-shape the "hidden curriculum" of medical education and training...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618855/stability-of-and-factors-related-to-medical-student-specialty-choice-of-psychiatry
#8
Matthew N Goldenberg, D Keith Williams, John J Spollen
OBJECTIVE: Targeted efforts are needed to increase the number of medical students choosing psychiatry, but little is known about when students decide on their specialty or what factors influence their choice. The authors examined the timing and stability of student career choice of psychiatry compared with other specialties and determined what pre- and intra-medical school factors were associated with choosing a career in psychiatry. METHOD: Using survey data from students who graduated from U...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617260/pes-planus-and-pes-cavus-in-southern-italy-a-5-years-study
#9
Gianmarco Troiano, Nicola Nante, Guglielmo Lucio Citarelli
INTRODUCTION: Baropodometrical digital techniques map the pressures exerted on the foot plant during both static and dynamic loadings. The study of the distribution of such pressures makes it possible to evaluate the postural and locomotory biomechanics together with its pathological variations. METHODS: From January 2011 to August 2016 we conducted a cross sectional study in order to diagnose flatfoot and hollowfoot through the baropodometric analysis, and collecting additional information such as gender and the age...
April 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617013/the-role-of-policy-in-supporting-clinician-led-research-on-behavioral-health-integration
#10
Nathaniel Z Counts
In Best Care at Lower Cost, the Institute of Medicine laid out a vision for continuously learning health systems (Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, 2016). This issue of Families, Systems, & Health represents a substantial step toward this vision, with on-the-ground clinicians and administrators testing empirically informed hypotheses about practice transformation and population health management, and using those results to produce shared learning within and across systems. While the studies in this issue demonstrate that producing generalizable knowledge from clinician-led initiatives is feasible, they also demonstrate that the current system does not adequately support clinicians in doing so...
June 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614029/attitudes-towards-attrition-among-uk-trainees-in-obstetrics-and-gynaecology
#11
Irene Gafson, Jane Currie, Sabrina O'Dwyer, Katherine Woolf, Ann Griffin
Physician dissatisfaction in the workplace has consequences for patient safety. Currently in the UK, 1 in 5 doctors who enter specialist training in obstetrics and gynaecology leave the programme before completion. Trainee attrition has implications for workforce planning, organization of health-care services and patient care. The authors conducted a survey of current trainees' and former trainees' views concerning attrition and 'peri-attrition' - a term coined to describe the trainee who has seriously considered leaving the specialty...
June 2, 2017: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609215/breastfeeding-support-in-the-workplace-the-relationships-among-breastfeeding-support-work-life-balance-and-job-satisfaction
#12
Amanda M Jantzer, Jenn Anderson, Rebecca A Kuehl
BACKGROUND: Women are increasingly faced with decisions about how to combine breastfeeding with work, but few researchers have directly measured how breastfeeding relates to the work-life interface. Research aim: The authors examined how perceptions of work enhancement of personal life and work interference with personal life were influenced by workplace breastfeeding support, including organizational, manager, and coworker support, as well as adequate time to express human milk. Then, we examined how workplace breastfeeding support predicted work-life variables and job satisfaction...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605164/quality-of-work-life-nurses-intention-to-leave-the-profession-and-nurses-leaving-the-profession-a-one-year-prospective-survey
#13
Ya-Wen Lee, Yu-Tzu Dai, Mei Yeh Chang, Yue-Cune Chang, Kaiping Grace Yao, Mei-Chun Liu
PURPOSE: To examine the associations among quality of work life, nurses' intention to leave the profession, and nurses leaving the profession. DESIGN: A prospective study design was used. METHODS: Participants were 1,283 hospital nurses with a purposive sampling in Taiwan. The self-reported questionnaire consisted of three questionnaires: the Chinese version of the Quality of Nursing Work Life scale, an intention-to-leave profession questionnaire, and a demographic questionnaire...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599781/european-top-managers-support-for-work-life-arrangements
#14
Wike M Been, Tanja van der Lippe, Laura den Dulk, Maria Das Dores Horta Guerreiro, Aleksandra Kanjuo Mrčela, Charlotta Niemistö
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590149/objective-working-hour-characteristics-and-work-life-conflict-among-hospital-employees-in-the-finnish-public-sector-study
#15
Kati Karhula, Sampsa Puttonen, Annina Ropponen, Aki Koskinen, Anneli Ojajärvi, Mika Kivimäki, Mikko Härmä
This epidemiological cohort study, based on Finnish public sector data, investigated the associations between objective working hour characteristics and work-life conflict in day and shift work. The comprehensive data of hospital workers (n = 8 931, 92% women, average age 45 years), consisted of survey responses from 2012, linked with the payroll data of working hour characteristics from 91 days preceding the survey. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the associations between working hour characteristics and experiencing work-life conflict often/very often...
June 7, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589174/effectiveness-of-positive-thinking-training-program-on-nurses-quality-of-work-life-through-smartphone-applications
#16
Mohadeseh Motamed-Jahromi, Zhila Fereidouni, Azizallah Dehghan
AIM: Job stress is a part of nurses' professional life that causes the decrease of the nurses' job satisfaction and quality of work life. This study aimed to determine the effect of positive thinking via social media applications on the nurses' quality of work life. METHODS: This was a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental study design with a control group. The samples were selected among the nurses in two hospitals in Fasa University of Medical Sciences and divided randomly into two interventional (n = 50) and control (n = 50) groups...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588515/does-gender-of-administrator-matter-national-study-explores-u-s-university-administrators-attitudes-about-retaining-women-professors-in-stem
#17
Wendy M Williams, Agrima Mahajan, Felix Thoemmes, Susan M Barnett, Francoise Vermeylen, Brian M Cash, Stephen J Ceci
Omnipresent calls for more women in university administration presume women will prioritize using resources and power to increase female representation, especially in STEM fields where women are most underrepresented. However, empirical evidence is lacking for systematic differences in female vs. male administratorsŠ attitudes. Do female administrators agree on which strategies are best, and do men see things differently? We explored United States college and university administratorsŠ opinions regarding strategies, policies, and structural changes in their organizations designed to increase women professorsŠ representation and retention in STEM fields...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587288/work-related-eye-injuries-a-relevant-health-problem-main-epidemiological-data-from-a-highly-industrialized-area-of-northern-italy
#18
Fabriziomaria Gobba, Enrico Dall'Olio, Alberto Modenese, Michele De Maria, Luca Campi, Gian Maria Cavallini
The province of Modena is one of the most industrialized areas of Northern Italy. The medical records of the Ophthalmological Emergency Department (OED) of Modena University Hospital were studied: there were 13,470 OED accesses in 2014 and in 754 cases that an occupational eye injury occurred. The frequency of work-related eye injuries (3‰) was lower compared to other published studies, but the absolute number is still relevant, showing the need for more adequate prevention, especially in metal work, construction work, and agriculture, where the worst prognoses were observed...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570614/employment-history-indicators-and-mortality-in-a-nested-case-control-study-from-the-spanish-working-life-social-security-workss-cohort
#19
María Andrée López Gómez, Laura Serra, George L Delclos, Fernando G Benavides
Employment has transitioned from stable to more flexible schemes. Little is known about the effects of dynamic working lives and mortality. We examined the association of employment, unemployment and inactivity on mortality among workers born in 1926-1988, in a nested case-control study of workers from the Spanish WORKss cohort. Cases were all deaths that occurred during 2004-2013 and controls were living persons, matched for sex and age at the time the case occurred. We had information on employment from 1981 to 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562235/attitudes-and-factors-contributing-to-attrition-in-canadian-surgical-specialty-residency-programs
#20
Simon Adams, David Nathan Ginther, Evan Neuls, Paul Hayes
BACKGROUND: We recently studied attrition in Canadian general surgical programs; however, there are no data on whether residents enrolled in other surgical residencies harbour the same intents as their general surgical peers. We sought to determine how many residents in surgical disciplines in Canada consider leaving their programs and why. METHODS: An anonymous survey was administered to all residents in 9 surgical disciplines in Canada. Significance of association was determined using the Pearson χ2 test...
June 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
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