keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Work-family

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814896/development-of-a-profile-scoring-system-for-assessing-the-psychosocial-situation-of-patients-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain
#1
Takuya Nikaido, Shingo Fukuma, Takafumi Wakita, Miho Sekiguchi, Shoji Yabuki, Yoshihiro Onishi, Shunichi Fukuhara, Shin-Ichi Konno
Chronic pain is a manifestation of interactions among physical, psychological, and social conditions, but the latter two, that is, the nonphysical correlates of chronic pain, are only rarely measured. This study aimed to develop a profile scoring system for assessing the psychosocial situation of patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain. An expert panel chose social and psychological domains considered to be relevant to patients with chronic pain and wrote questions asking about each of those domains. The questionnaire was completed by 252 patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805426/detecting-and-differentiating-the-direction-of-change-and-intervention-effects-in-randomized-trials
#2
Todd E Bodner, Paul D Bliese
Calls continue for randomized interventions in organizational settings. In many cases, however, practical constraints require researchers to use 2-wave randomized pretest-posttest control group designs. We discuss the importance of randomized trials for theory development with a focus on analytic options for 2-wave designs. Our discussion has implications for both designing studies and interpreting results. We review 23 published work and organizational health psychology intervention studies and find that a majority of studies featured a statistical model known to have low statistical power relative to other options...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797189/impact-of-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-admission-on-family-financial-status-and-productivity-a-pilot-study
#3
Maureen E Clark, Brian M Cummings, Karen Kuhlthau, Natalie Frassica, Natan Noviski
OBJECTIVE: A child's pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission may have wide-ranging family implications. We assessed nonmedical out-of-pocket expenses (NMOOPEs) and disruptions in work and normal life for parents with a child admitted to the PICU for at least 2 days with acute, new onset, or exacerbation of a critical condition. DESIGN: We conducted a prospective, single-center study; administered a daily verbal response survey on NMOOPEs; stratified families by annual income (<$50 999, $51-99 000, >$100 000); and calculated daily expenditures (DEs), estimated daily budgets (DBs), and percentage of NMOOPEs (%DE/DB)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791675/work-addiction-and-presenteeism-the-buffering-role-of-managerial-support
#4
Greta Mazzetti, Michela Vignoli, Wilmar B Schaufeli, Dina Guglielmi
The current study examined the mediating effect of presenteeism and moderating effect of managerial support in the relation between workaholism and work-family conflict. A sample of 1065 white-collar employees from an Italian company filled in an online survey and hypotheses were tested using a bootstrapping procedure. Results showed that presenteeism mediated the association between workaholism and work-family conflict. Moreover, the mediating effect of presenteeism was moderated by managerial support: for employees reporting lower levels of support workaholism was stronger related to presenteeism than for those experiencing higher support...
August 8, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766191/promoting-afterschool-quality-and-positive-youth-development-cluster-randomized-trial-of-the-pax-good-behavior-game
#5
Emilie Phillips Smith, D Wayne Osgood, Yoonkyung Oh, Linda C Caldwell
This randomized trial tested a strategy originally developed for school settings, the Pax Good Behavior Game (PAX GBG), in the new context of afterschool programs. We examined this approach in afterschool since 70% of all juvenile crime occurs between the hours of 3-6 pm, making afterschool an important setting for prevention and promotion. Dual-career and working families need monitoring and supervision for their children in quality settings that are safe and appropriately structured. While substantial work has identified important features of afterschool programs, increasing attention is being given to how to foster quality...
August 1, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763408/cost-and-return-on-investment-of-a-work-family-intervention-in-the-extended-care-industry-evidence-from-the-work-family-and-health-network
#6
William N Dowd, Jeremy W Bray, Carolina Barbosa, Krista Brockwood, David J Kaiser, Michael J Mills, David A Hurtado, Brad Wipfli
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the cost and return on investment (ROI) of an intervention targeting work-family conflict (WFC) in the extended care industry. METHODS: Costs to deliver the intervention during a group-randomized controlled trial were estimated, and data on organizational costs-presenteeism, health care costs, voluntary termination, and sick time-were collected from interviews and administrative data. Generalized linear models were used to estimate the intervention's impact on organizational costs...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756417/the-combined-effects-of-job-demand-and-control-effort-reward-imbalance-and-work-family-conflicts-on-the-risk-of-major-depressive-episode-a-4-year-longitudinal-study
#7
Yeshambel T Nigatu, JianLi Wang
PURPOSE: Work-related psychosocial factors may precipitate the onset of depression. In occupational mental health research, there are three widely used theoretical models, namely, job demand and control (JD-C), effort-reward imbalance (ERI) and work-family conflicts (WFC). However, the interaction between these models and their combined effect on the risk of major depression in the workplace is largely unknown. The aim of this study is to examine the longitudinal combined effects of JD-C, ERI and WFC on the risk of major depression in the working population...
July 29, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749157/disentangling-the-relationship-between-gender-and-work-family-conflict-an-integration-of-theoretical-perspectives-using-meta-analytic-methods
#8
Kristen M Shockley, Winny Shen, Michael M DeNunzio, Maryana L Arvan, Eric A Knudsen
Implicit in many discussions of work-family issues is the idea that managing the work-family interface is more challenging for women than men. We address whether this intuition is supported by the empirical data via a meta-analysis of gender differences in work-family conflict (WFC) based on more than 350 independent samples (N > 250,000 workers). Challenging lay perceptions, our results demonstrate that men and women generally do not differ on their reports of WFC, though there were some modest moderating effects of dual-earner status, parental status, type of WFC (i...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745427/relationship-between-work-family-balance-and-job-satisfaction-among-employees-in-china-a-moderated-mediation-model
#9
Yue Yu, Yuchen Wang, Jianxin Zhang
Previous studies have revealed the association between work-family balance and job satisfaction. The present research further explored the underlying mechanism of this association and aimed to provide a moderated mediation model to explain if personality traits moderate the relationship between work-family balance and job satisfaction through work engagement. A cross-sectional study was conducted in which 263 employees from a petrochemical enterprise in China completed self-report questionnaires including the Work-Family Balance Scale, the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, the Big Five Inventory-10, and the Job Satisfaction Scale...
July 26, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725101/social-policies-and-families-in-stress-gender-and-educational-differences-in-work-family-conflict-from-a-european-perspective
#10
Natascha Notten, Daniela Grunow, Ellen Verbakel
In modern welfare states, family policies may resolve the tension between employment and care-focused demands. However these policies sometimes have adverse consequences for distinct social groups. This study examined gender and educational differences in working parents' perceived work-family conflict and used a comparative approach to test whether family policies, in particular support for child care and leave from paid work, are capable of reducing work-family conflict as well as the gender and educational gaps in work-family conflict...
2017: Social Indicators Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713300/new-technologies-smart-or-harm-work-family-boundaries-management-gender-differences-in-conflict-and-enrichment-using-the-jd-r-theory
#11
Chiara Ghislieri, Federica Emanuel, Monica Molino, Claudio G Cortese, Lara Colombo
Background: The relationship between technology-assisted supplemental work and well-being outcomes is a recent issue in scientific literature. Whether the use of technology for work purpose in off-work time may have a positive or negative impact on work-family balance remains an open question and the role of gender in this relationship is poorly understood. Aim: According to the JD-R theory, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between off-work hours technology assisted job demand (off-TAJD) and both work-family conflict (WFC) and work-family enrichment (WFE)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713295/women-s-reasons-for-leaving-the-engineering-field
#12
Nadya A Fouad, Wen-Hsin Chang, Min Wan, Romila Singh
Among the different Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math fields, engineering continues to have one of the highest rates of attrition (Hewlett et al., 2008). The turnover rate for women engineers from engineering fields is even higher than for men (Frehill, 2010). Despite increased efforts from researchers, there are still large gaps in our understanding of the reasons that women leave engineering. This study aims to address this gap by examining the reasons why women leave engineering. Specifically, we analyze the reasons for departure given by national sample of 1,464 women engineers who left the profession after having worked in the engineering field...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696388/positive-emotional-effects-of-leisure-in-green-spaces-in-alleviating-work-family-spillover-in-working-mothers
#13
Po-Ju Chang, So Young Bae
Studies have shown that family and work spillover affects well-being and that leisure activities can alleviate the negative effects of work-related stress on health. However, few studies have focused on investigating the effects of specific leisure activities among specific populations. To examine whether leisure activities in green spaces can promote individual recovery processes and alleviate the effects of work and family spillover on positive emotions, this study applied the effort-recovery model to a population of working mothers...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669238/stress-across-generations-a-qualitative-study-of-stress-coping-and-caregiving-among-mexican-immigrant-mothers
#14
Amy L Non, Gabriela León-Pérez, Holly Glass, Emma Kelly, Nanibaa' A Garrison
OBJECTIVE: Hispanic immigrants represent the largest and fastest growing ethnic minority within the US, justifying increased attention to identify factors that influence declining immigrant health across generations. This study investigates the range of psychosocial stress exposures and coping mechanisms of Mexican immigrant mothers, and implications for the health of their US-born children. DESIGN: We conducted 10 focus groups with 1st generation Mexican-born immigrant mothers (n = 32 women) in Nashville, TN, in the summer of 2014...
July 3, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649142/how-early-life-religious-exposure-relates-to-the-timing-of-first-birth
#15
Lisa D Pearce, Shannon N Davis
This paper examines intermediary processes explaining how religious socialization and involvement early in life are related to the timing of first births for women in the United States. The theory of conjunctural action forms the basis for hypotheses for how religious schema and materials operate to influence birth timing. Using the NLSY79 data and event history methods, the study finds evidence for expected family size, work-family gender ideology, educational attainment and enrollment, cohabitation, and age at marriage as mediators of associations between early life religious exposure (affiliation and attendance) and the timing of nonmaritally and maritally conceived first births...
October 2016: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637290/a-bright-side-to-the-work-family-interface-husbands-support-as-a-resource-in-double-and-triple-duty-caregiving-wives-work-lives
#16
Nicole DePasquale, Courtney A Polenick, Kelly D Davis, Lisa F Berkman, Thomas D Cabot
Purpose of the Study: This study examined how women who combine long-term care employment with unpaid, informal caregiving roles for children (double-duty-child caregivers), older adults (double-duty-elder caregivers), and both children and older adults (triple-duty caregivers) differed from their workplace-only caregiving counterparts on workplace factors related to job retention (i.e., job satisfaction and turnover intentions) and performance (i.e., perceived obligation to work while sick and emotional exhaustion)...
June 16, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635074/do-sleep-disturbances-mediate-the-association-between-work-family-conflict-and-depressive-symptoms-among-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Y Zhang, J F Duffy, E Ronan De Castillero
WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT: Nurses are at a high risk for work-family conflict due to long and irregular work hours and multiple physical and psychosocial stressors in their work environment. Nurses report higher rates of depressive symptoms than the general public, leading to a high rate of burnout, absenteeism, and turnover. Work-family conflict is associated with negative consequences in nurses including physical illnesses and mental disorders. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE: Past research on this topic has not examined the mechanisms for the effect of work family conflict on depression...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629716/psychosocial-factors-musculoskeletal-disorders-and-work-related-fatigue-amongst-nurses-in-brunei-structural-equation-model-approach
#18
Hanif Abdul Rahman, Khadizah Abdul-Mumin, Lin Naing
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial factors, musculoskeletal disorders and work-related fatigue have adverse effects on individual nurses and place a substantial financial burden on health care. Evidence of an association has been reported in the literature, but no theoretical explanation has been published to date. AIM: To explore and develop a structural model to provide a theoretical explanation for this relationship. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using data from 201 valid samples of emergency and critical care nurses across public hospitals in Brunei was performed via self-administered questionnaire...
June 16, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607660/investigation-of-marital-satisfaction-and-its-relationship-with-job-stress-and-general-health-of-nurses-in-qazvin-iran
#19
Jalil Azimian, Pegah Piran, Hassan Jahanihashemi, Leila Dehghankar
BACKGROUND: Pressures in nursing can affect family life and marital problems, disrupt common social problems, increase work-family conflicts and endanger people's general health. AIM: To determine marital satisfaction and its relationship with job stress and general health of nurses. METHODS: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was done in 2015 in medical educational centers of Qazvin by using an ENRICH marital satisfaction scale and General Health and Job Stress questionnaires completed by 123 nurses...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596619/signs-of-change-at-home-and-breadwinner-parents-housework-and-child-care-time
#20
Noelle Chesley, Sarah Flood
We analyze American Time Use Survey (ATUS) data to examine patterns in domestic work among at-home and breadwinner parents to further gauge how time availability, relative earnings, and gender shape time use in couples with extreme differences in earnings and work hours. We find that involvement in female-typed housework is an important driver of overall housework time. It is counter-normative housework behavior by at-home fathers that shapes conclusions about how time availability, relative resources, and gender influence parents' housework...
April 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
keyword
keyword
54452
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"