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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535248/effects-of-work-family-conflict-and-job-insecurity-on-psychological-distress
#1
M Mutambudzi, Z Javed, S Kaul, J Prochaska, M K Peek
Background: Work-family conflict (WFC) and job insecurity are important determinants of workers' mental health. Aims: To examine the relationship between WFC and psychological distress, and the co-occurring effects of WFC and job insecurity on distress in US working adults. Methods: This study used cross-sectional data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for adults aged 18-64 years. The 2010 NHIS included occupational data from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) sponsored Occupational Health Supplement...
May 23, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521379/-compatibility-of-work-and-family-life-of-employees-in-the-healthcare-sector-an-issue-in-health-services-research
#2
Matthias Lukasczik, Jutta Ahnert, Veronika Ströbl, Heiner Vogel, Carolin Donath, Ilka Enger, Elmar Gräßel, Lena Heyelmann, Heidemarie Lux, Jochen Maurer, Dominik Özbe, Stefanie Spieckenbaum, Elzbieta Voigtländer, Manfred Wildner, Andreas Zapf, Angela Zellner, Alfons Hollederer
Background Healthcare professionals are confronted with specific work-related demands that influence work-family relations and might indirectly affect the quality of healthcare. This paper seeks to provide an overview of the current state of research on this topic of relevance to health services research. The overview may serve as a starting point for modifying structures in the healthcare system (especially in rural regions) with the aim of improving work-family compatibility. Methods A systematic national and international literature search was conducted in terms of a scoping review...
May 18, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515945/exposure-to-occupational-hazards-for-pregnancy-and-sick-leave-in-pregnant-workers-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Jean-Bernard Henrotin, Monique Vaissière, Maryline Etaix, Mathieu Dziurla, Stéphane Malard, Dominique Lafon
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the association between exposure to occupational hazards for pregnancy and sick leave (SL) in pregnant workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in French occupational health services in 2014. Occupational hazards for pregnancy were assessed by occupational health physicians (OHPs). After delivery and at the time of returning to work, 1,495 eligible workers were interviewed by OHPs. Information on SL was self-reported...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501813/the-relationship-between-job-satisfaction-work-stress-work-family-conflict-and-turnover-intention-among-physicians-in-guangdong-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Yong Lu, Xiao-Min Hu, Xiao-Liang Huang, Xiao-Dong Zhuang, Pi Guo, Li-Fen Feng, Wei Hu, Long Chen, Huachun Zou, Yuan-Tao Hao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between job satisfaction, work stress, work-family conflict and turnover intention, and explore factors associated with turnover intention, among physicians in Guangdong Province, China. METHODS: From August to October 2013, physicians completed questionnaires and scales with regard to their job satisfaction, work stress, work-family conflict, and turnover intention. Binary logistic regression and structural equation modelling (SEM) were used in data analysis...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486653/examination-of-the-double-burden-hypothesis-a-systematic-review-of-work-family-conflict-and-sickness-absence
#5
Wendy Nilsen, Anni Skipstein, Kristian A Østby, Arnstein Mykletun
Women consistently have higher sickness absence than men. The double-burden hypothesis suggests this is due to higher work-family burden in women than men. The current study aimed to systematically review prospective studies of work-family conflict and subsequent sickness absence. A systematic search was conducted in the electronic databases Medline, PsycINFO, and Embase with subject heading terms and keywords with no language or time restrictions. Two reviewers independently screened abstracts and read full-texts with pre-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria...
May 9, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486029/undesirable-effects-of-working-while-in-college-work-school-conflict-substance-use-and-health
#6
David P Oviatt, Michael R Baumann, Janet M Bennett, Raymond T Garza
Inter-role conflict occurs when the demands of one area of an individual's life interfere with the responsibilities of another area. Although a large body of research exists on the health effects of the inter-role conflict between work and family (work-family conflict or WFC), far less exists on the inter-role conflict between work and school (work-school conflict or WSC). Given that over two-thirds of college students have outside employment while enrolled in classes, and the potentially negative effects of WSC, a further understanding of WSC is an important part of supporting student health and well-being as well as the health and well-being of the workforce...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459523/development-of-a-valid-and-reliable-seven-emotions-impairment-questionnaire-and-assessment-of-its-predictability-for-phlegm-and-blood-stasis
#7
Lee Byoung-Hee, Kim Min-Yong, Park Young-Bae, Park Young-Jae
OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate a Seven Emotions Impairment questionnaire (SEIQ), to define an optimum cut-off point for the SEIQ, and to examine whether SEI was predictive of Phlegm and Blood Stasis (BS). METHODS: Two hundred outpatients and 75 college students were asked to complete the SEIQ, the Profile of Mood States (POMS), Phlegm Pattern Questionnaire (PPQ), and BS Questionnaire (BSQ). Twelve clinicians determined whether the outpatients exhibited SEI. SEIQ data were used to examine the internal consistency and determine validity for the outpatients...
August 2016: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458499/gender-gap-in-science-technology-engineering-and-mathematics-stem-current-knowledge-implications-for-practice-policy-and-future-directions
#8
Ming-Te Wang, Jessica L Degol
Although the gender gap in math course-taking and performance has narrowed in recent decades, females continue to be underrepresented in math-intensive fields of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM). Career pathways encompass the ability to pursue a career as well as the motivation to employ that ability. Individual differences in cognitive capacity and motivation are also influenced by broader sociocultural factors. After reviewing research from the fields of psychology, sociology, economics, and education over the past 30 years, we summarize six explanations for US women's underrepresentation in math-intensive STEM fields: (a) cognitive ability, (b) relative cognitive strengths, (c) occupational interests or preferences, (d) lifestyle values or work-family balance preferences, (e) field-specific ability beliefs, and (f) gender-related stereotypes and biases...
March 2017: Educational Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429107/psychosocial-factors-at-work-and-sleep-problems-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-general-working-population-in-norway
#9
Håkon A Johannessen, Tom Sterud
PURPOSE: A growing number of longitudinal studies report associations between adverse psychosocial factors at work and sleep problems. However, the evidence regarding the direction of these associations and the effects of changes in exposure across time is limited. This study examined the plausibility of normal, reverse, and reciprocal associations between ten psychosocial factors at work and sleep problems. In addition, we analyzed if reduced exposure across time had the anticipated result of reducing the risk of sleep problems...
April 20, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426235/expressive-social-support-buffers-the-impact-of-care-related-work-interruptions-on-caregivers-depressive-symptoms
#10
Shannon Ang, Rahul Malhotra
OBJECTIVE: To assess if expressive and instrumental social support from family and friends moderate the association of care-related work interruptions (e.g. leaving work for the older adult's doctor appointment) with depressive symptoms among working family caregivers of older adults. METHODS: Data were from the Singapore Survey on Informal Caregiving (SSIC). A subsample of 662 dyads, each comprising an older care-recipient [home-dwelling Singaporean aged 75 and older receiving human assistance for at least one activity of daily living (ADL)] and his/her working family caregiver, was analysed...
April 20, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425778/meditation-awareness-training-for-the-treatment-of-workaholism-a-controlled-trial
#11
William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Thomas J Dunn, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo M P Demarzo, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims Workaholism is a form of behavioral addiction that can lead to reduced life and job satisfaction, anxiety, depression, burnout, work-family conflict, and impaired productivity. Given the number of people affected, there is a need for more targeted workaholism treatments. Findings from previous case studies successfully utilizing second-generation mindfulness-based interventions (SG-MBIs) for treating behavioral addiction suggest that SG-MBIs may be suitable for treating workaholism. This study conducted a controlled trial to investigate the effects of an SG-MBI known as meditation awareness training (MAT) on workaholism...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408544/cost-and-outcome-of-behavioural-activation-versus-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-depression-cobra-a-qualitative-process-evaluation
#12
Katie Finning, David A Richards, Lucy Moore, David Ekers, Dean McMillan, Paul A Farrand, Heather A O'Mahen, Edward R Watkins, Kim A Wright, Emily Fletcher, Shelley Rhodes, Rebecca Woodhouse, Faye Wray
OBJECTIVE: To explore participant views on acceptability, mechanisms of change and impact of behavioural activation (BA) delivered by junior mental health workers (MHWs) versus cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) delivered by professional psychotherapists. DESIGN: Semistructured qualitative interviews analysed using a framework approach. PARTICIPANTS: 36 participants with major depressive disorder purposively sampled from a randomised controlled trial of BA versus CBT (the COBRA trial)...
April 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407250/the-relationship-between-work-family-conflict-and-job-satisfaction-among-hospital-nurses
#13
Manar AlAzzam, Raeda Fawzi AbuAlRub, Ala H Nazzal
AIMS: This study aimed to explore the incidence of work-family conflict and the association between work-family conflict and satisfaction level among Jordanian nurses. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data from a convenience sample of 333 Jordanian nurses using a descriptive, cross-sectional, correlational design. RESULTS: The results revealed that nurses were exposed to both subtypes of work and family conflict, but they experienced the work-to-family conflict more than the family-to-work conflict...
April 13, 2017: Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396616/experiences-of-reduced-work-hours-for-nurses-and-assistant-nurses-at-a-surgical-department-a-qualitative-study
#14
Kristina Gyllensten, Gunnar Andersson, Helena Muller
BACKGROUND: There is a shortage of registered nurses in the European Union (EU), and job dissatisfaction and perceived high work-family conflict have been identified as causes of nursing staff turnover. Reducing work hours is an organisational intervention that could have a positive effect on nurses' and assistant nurses' job satisfaction, work-life balance, and willingness to stay in the job. An orthopaedic surgery department at a large hospital in Sweden introduced reduced work hours for nurses and assistant nurses in order to improve the working situation...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393559/work-worksites-and-wellbeing-among-north-american-indian-women-a-qualitative-study
#15
Karina Christiansen, Preety Gadhoke, Marla Pardilla, Joel Gittelsohn
The purpose of this study was to understand what factors influenced work-family balance and related health behaviors among a sample of rural North American Indian women. We interviewed 89 women through both in-depth interviews and focus groups across four tribal communities in the American Southwest and Upper Midwest between July 2010 and August 2011. Interviews were transcribed, coded, and analyzed for emerging themes related to work- family demands placed on women and resources available to cope with those demands...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358649/organizational-context-and-female-faculty-s-perception-of-the-climate-for-women-in-academic-medicine
#16
René Carapinha, Caitlin M McCracken, Erica T Warner, Emorcia V Hill, Joan Y Reede
PURPOSE: Gender inequalities in the careers of faculty in academic medicine could partially be attributed to an organizational climate that can exclude or be nonsupportive of women faculty. This study explores the climate for women faculty from a systems perspective at the organizational and individual levels based on the perceptions of women faculty. Race differences were also investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data from women faculty (N = 3127) at 13 purposively sampled medical schools and an institutional assessment of organizational characteristics were used...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331330/work-family-conflict-as-a-mediator-between-occupational-stress-and-psychological-health-among-mental-health-nurses-in-japan
#17
Norio Sugawara, Kazuma Danjo, Hanako Furukori, Yasushi Sato, Tetsu Tomita, Akira Fujii, Taku Nakagami, Kazuyo Kitaoka, Norio Yasui-Furukori
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress among mental health nurses may affect their psychological health, resulting in reduced performance. To provide high-quality, sustainable nursing care, it is necessary to identify and control the factors associated with psychological health among mental health nurses. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of work-family conflict (WFC) in the well-known relationship between occupational stress and psychological health among mental health nurses in Japan...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326189/sarilumab-improves-patient-reported-outcomes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-with-inadequate-response-intolerance-to-tumour-necrosis-factor-inhibitors
#18
Vibeke Strand, Matthew Reaney, Chieh-I Chen, Clare W J Proudfoot, Sophie Guillonneau, Deborah Bauer, Erin Mangan, Neil M H Graham, Hubert van Hoogstraten, Yong Lin, César Pacheco-Tena, Roy Fleischmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of the anti-interleukin-6 receptor monoclonal antibody sarilumab administered with conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARDs) on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in the TARGET trial in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with inadequate response or intolerance to tumour necrosis factor inhibitors (TNF-IR). METHODS: 546 patients (81.9% female, mean age 52.9 years) were randomised to placebo, sarilumab 150 or 200 mg subcutaneously every 2 weeks + csDMARDs...
2017: RMD Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317213/dual-role-as-a-protective-factor-for-burnout-related-depersonalization-in-oncologists
#19
Yi He, Ying Pang, Yening Zhang, Richard Fielding, Lili Tang
PURPOSE: This study compared self-reported burnout between dual-role oncologists (oncologists who also do psychosocial work) and single-role oncologists, to explore if dual role is protective against or a risk factor for burnout. METHODS: Dual-role oncologists from across China (n = 131) were consecutively recruited via the Chinese Psychosocial Oncology Society (CPOS) and asked to identify single-role oncologist peers (n = 168) working in the same institution...
March 20, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317211/career-paths-of-1988-and-1998-nurse-graduates-in-switzerland-nurses-at-work-pilot-study
#20
V Addor, A Jeannin, R Schwendimann, F Roulet Jeanneret
AIM: To investigate career paths and nurses' reasons to quit their job in Switzerland. BACKGROUND: Increasing the duration of employment is the most efficient measure to reduce the worldwide nursing shortage. The results of the pilot phase for the retrospective cohort nurses at work study are presented. METHODS: In 2012, 1085 graduates' names of two test-cohorts (1988 and 1998) from 26 Swiss nursing schools were asked to complete a web-based questionnaire...
May 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
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