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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056973/conceptualizing-the-dynamics-of-workplace-stress-a-systems-based-study-of-nursing-aides
#1
Arif Jetha, Laura Kernan, Alicia Kurowski
BACKGROUND: Workplace stress is a complex phenomenon that may often be dynamic and evolving over time. Traditional linear modeling does not allow representation of recursive feedback loops among the implicated factors. The objective of this study was to develop a multidimensional system dynamics model (SDM) of workplace stress among nursing aides and conduct simulations to illustrate how changes in psychosocial perceptions and workplace factors might influence workplace stress over time...
January 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005087/-structural-empowerment-and-work-family-fit-in-nurses
#2
Agnieszka Orłowska, Mariola Łaguna
BACKGROUND: The goal of the study was to investigate the relationship between structural empowerment and work-family fit in Polish nurses. Structural empowerment is a strategy for managing by providing the employees with opportunities, information, support and resources essential for the effective performance of work duties. Work-family fit takes 2 forms of relationships between these 2 spheres: conflict (functioning in one role is more difficult because of participation in the other role) and facilitation (fulfilling the duties associated with one role enriches filling up the other role)...
December 22, 2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000094/patient-and-caregiver-goals-for-dementia-care
#3
Lee A Jennings, Alina Palimaru, Maria G Corona, Xavier E Cagigas, Karina D Ramirez, Tracy Zhao, Ron D Hays, Neil S Wenger, David B Reuben
PURPOSE: Most health outcome measures for chronic diseases do not incorporate specific health goals of patients and caregivers. To elicit patient-centered goals for dementia care, we conducted a qualitative study using focus groups of people with early-stage dementia and dementia caregivers. METHODS: We conducted 5 focus groups with 43 participants (7 with early-stage dementia and 36 caregivers); 15 participants were Spanish-speaking. Verbatim transcriptions were independently analyzed line-by-line by two coders using both deductive and inductive approaches...
December 20, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920320/low-income-working-families-with-employer-sponsored-insurance-turn-to-public-insurance-for-their-children
#4
Douglas Strane, Benjamin French, Jennifer Eder, Charlene A Wong, Kathleen G Noonan, David M Rubin
Many families rely on employer-sponsored health insurance for their children. However, the rise in the cost of such insurance has outpaced growth in family income, potentially making public insurance (Medicaid or the Children's Health Insurance Plan) an attractive alternative for affordable dependent coverage. Using data for 2008-13 from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, we quantified the coverage rates for children from low- or moderate-income households in which a parent was offered employer-sponsored insurance...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919063/predictors-of-low-back-pain-in-nursing-home-workers-after-implementation-of-a-safe-resident-handling-programme
#5
Judith E Gold, Laura Punnett, Rebecca J Gore
OBJECTIVES: Healthcare workers have high rates of low back pain (LBP) related to handling patients. A large chain of nursing homes experienced reduced biomechanical load, compensation claims and costs following implementation of a safe resident handling programme (SRHP). The aim of this study was to examine whether LBP similarly declined and whether it was associated with relevant self-reported occupational exposures or personal health factors. METHODS: Worker surveys were conducted on multiple occasions beginning with the week of first SRHP introduction (baseline)...
November 10, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880518/association-between-workplace-psychosocial-factors-and-mental-health-in-black-hispanic-and-white-women-cross-sectional-findings-from-the-national-health-interview-survey
#6
Miriam Mutambudzi
Research evaluating the relation of workplace psychosocial factors to mental health among U.S. women of different racial/ethnic backgrounds is limited. This study investigated the relationship between work-related psychosocial factors and mental health among non-Hispanic Black, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic White women using data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey. Independent variables of interest included job insecurity, workplace harassment, and work-family conflict (WFC). Multiple Poisson regression models were used to examine the associations between the outcome and independent variables...
November 23, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871209/work-family-conflict-and-neck-and-back-pain-in-surgical-nurses
#7
Heiner Baur, Simone Grebner, Angela Blasimann, Anja Hirschmüller, Eva Johanna Kubosch, Achim Elfering
OBJECTIVE: Surgical nurses' work is physically and mentally demanding, possibly leading to work-family conflict (WFC). The current study tests WFC to be a risk factor for neck and lower back pain (LBP). Job influence and social support are tested as resources that could buffer the detrimental impact of WFC. METHODS: Forty-eight surgical nurses from two university hospitals in Germany and Switzerland were recruited. WFC was assessed with the Work-Family Conflict Scale...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859839/work-family-conflict-and-enrichment-in-nurses-between-job-demands-perceived-organisational-support-and-work-family-backlash
#8
Chiara Ghislieri, Paola Gatti, Monica Molino, Claudio G Cortese
AIM: This study investigated how work relationships (perceived organisational support, supervisor and co-worker work-family backlash) and job demands (workload, emotional dissonance) can interact with work-family conflict and work-family enrichment. BACKGROUND: Despite the extensive literature on the work-family interface, few studies on the nursing profession have considered the role of job demands and work relationships, focusing on both the positive and negative side of the work-family interface...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847481/job-demands-engagement-and-turnover-intentions-in-polish-nurses-the-role-of-work-family-interface
#9
Anna M Dåderman, Beata A Basinska
Background: Poland has lower ratios of employed registered nurses per 1,000 inhabitants than the EU average. Polish nurses work under miserable conditions without assisting personnel, and they reconcile their professional demands with responsibilities for their families; 96% of them are women. Rationale/Aims: This study uses Hobfoll's conservation of resources (CORs) theory to explain the role of various resources in the improvement of work conditions in the nursing profession. Work-family conflict (WFC) and family work conflict (FWC) threaten to deplete nurses' resources...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825325/adverse-trajectories-of-mental-health-problems-predict-subsequent-burnout-and-work-family-conflict-a-longitudinal-study-of-employed-women-with-children-followed-over-18%C3%A2-years
#10
Wendy Nilsen, Anni Skipstein, Evangelia Demerouti
BACKGROUND: The long-term consequence of experiencing mental health problems may lead to several adverse outcomes. The current study aims to validate previous identified trajectories of mental health problems from 1993 to 2006 in women by examining their implications on subsequent work and family-related outcomes in 2011. METHODS: Employed women (n = 439) with children were drawn from the Tracking Opportunities and Problems-Study (TOPP), a community-based longitudinal study following Norwegian families across 18 years...
November 8, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811951/work-family-life-courses-and-bmi-trajectories-in-three-british-birth-cohorts
#11
R E Lacey, A Sacker, S Bell, M Kumari, D Worts, P McDonough, D Kuh, A McMunn
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Combining work and family responsibilities has previously been associated with improved health in mid-life, yet little is known about how these associations change over time (both biographical and historical) and whether this extends to body mass index (BMI) trajectories for British men and women. The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between work-family life courses and BMI trajectories across adulthood (16-42 years) for men and women in three British birth cohorts...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801857/system-dynamics-model-and-simulation-of-employee-work-family-conflict-in-the-construction-industry
#12
Guangdong Wu, Kaifeng Duan, Jian Zuo, Jianlin Yang, Shiping Wen
The construction industry is a demanding work environment where employees' work-family conflict is particularly prominent. This conflict has a significant impact on job and family satisfaction and performance of employees. In order to analyze the dynamic evolution of construction industry employee's work-family conflict between work and family domains, this paper constructs a bi-directional dynamic model framework of work-family conflict by referring to the relevant literature. Consequently, a system dynamics model of employee's work-family conflict in the construction industry is established, and a simulation is conducted...
October 28, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794076/work-family-conflict-sleep-and-mental-health-of-nursing-assistants-working-in-nursing-homes
#13
Yuan Zhang, Laura Punnett, Angela Nannini
Work-family conflict is challenging for workers and may lead to depression, anxiety, and overall poor health. Sleep plays an important role in the maintenance of mental health; however, the role of sleep in the association between work-family conflict and mental health is not well-studied. Questionnaires were collected from 650 nursing assistants in 15 nursing homes. Multivariate linear regression modeling demonstrated that increased work-family conflict was associated with lower mental health scores (β = -2...
October 28, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790177/better-and-worse-a-dual-process-model-of-the-relationship-between-core-self-evaluation-and-work-family-conflict
#14
Kun Yu
Based on both resource allocation theory (Becker, 1965; Bergeron, 2007) and role theory (Katz and Kahn, 1978), the current study aims to uncover the relationship between core self-evaluation (CSE) and three dimensions of work interference with family (WIF). A dual-process model was proposed, in which both work stress and career resilience mediate the CSE-WIF relationship. The mediation model was tested with a sample of employees from various organizations (N = 561). The results first showed that CSE was negatively related to time-based and strain-based WIF and positively related to behavior-based WIF via the mediation of work stress...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786506/service-workers-chain-reactions-to-daily-customer-mistreatment-behavioral-linkages-mechanisms-and-boundary-conditions
#15
Nai-Wen Chi, Jixia Yang, Chia-Ying Lin
Drawing on the stressor-emotion model, we examine how customer mistreatment can evoke service workers' passive forms of deviant behaviors (i.e., work withdrawal behavior [WWB]) and negative impacts on their home life (i.e., work-family conflict [WFC]), and whether individuals' core self-evaluations and customer service training can buffer the negative effects of customer mistreatment. Using the experience sampling method, we collect daily data from 77 customer service employees for 10 consecutive working days, yielding 546 valid daily responses...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760893/the-effects-of-workplace-psychosocial-factors-on-whether-japanese-dual-earner-couples-with-preschool-children-have-additional-children-a-prospective-study
#16
Hisashi Eguchi, Akihito Shimazu, Takeo Fujiwara, Noboru Iwata, Kyoko Shimada, Masaya Takahashi, Masahito Tokita, Izumi Watai, Norito Kawakami
This study explored the effect of workplace psychosocial factors (job demand, job control, and workplace social support) on dual-earner couples in Japan having additional children, using a prospective study design. We conducted a 2-year prospective cohort study with 103 dual-earner couples with preschool children in Japan, as part of the Tokyo Work-Family Interface Study II. We used multivariable logistic regression analyses to evaluate the prospective association of job strain (categorized into low-strain job, active job, passive job, and strain job groups) and workplace social support (high and low) with couples having additional children during the follow-up period, adjusting for age, for men and women separately...
December 7, 2016: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709792/investigating-the-work-family-conflict-and-health-link-repetitive-thought-as-a-mechanism
#17
Kelly D Davis, Judith Gere, Martin J Sliwinski
Research is needed to investigate mechanisms linking work-family conflict to poor health in working adults. We took a novel approach to build on extant studies by testing a potential mechanism in these associations - repetitive thought. Data came from a sample of 203 partnered working adults. There were significant direct effects of work-family conflict with lower life satisfaction, positive affect, and perceived health as well as greater fatigue. As for total effects, work-family conflict was significantly associated with all health outcomes - life satisfaction, positive affect, negative affect, fatigue, perceived health, and chronic health conditions - in the expected directions through repetitive thought...
October 6, 2016: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692011/work-to-family-enrichment-and-conflict-profiles-job-characteristics-and-employees-well-being
#18
Vânia Sofia Carvalho, Maria José Chambel
This article aims to analyze work-to-family conflict (WFC) and enrichment (WFE) profiles related to job characteristics and well-being at work and general well-being. A cross-sectional survey data of 1885 employees was analyzed. The Latent Profile Analysis revealed that the five-profile solution exhibited strong statistical significance (p > .001). ANCOVAs were performed to analyze the relationship of the identified profiles with job characteristics and well-being. Employees in the Beneficial profile had the best perception of job characteristics (lowest demands and the highest control and support) and the highest well-being, and those in the Harmful profile had the lowest job characteristics perceptions and the lowest well-being...
October 3, 2016: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689509/job-control-work-family-balance-and-nurses-intention-to-leave-their-profession-and-organization-a-comparative-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Yoshiko Yamaguchi, Takahiro Inoue, Hiroko Harada, Miyako Oike
BACKGROUND: The shortage of nurses is a problem in many countries. In Japan, the distribution of nurses across different care settings is uneven: the shortage of nurses in home healthcare and nursing homes is more serious than in hospitals. Earlier research has identified numerous factors affecting nurses' intention to leave work (e.g., job control, family-related variables, work-family conflict); however, these factors' levels and effect size may vary between nurses in hospitals, home healthcare, and nursing homes...
December 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662484/sole-parent-work-schedules-and-adolescent-wellbeing-evidence-from-australia
#20
Alfred Michael Dockery, Jianghong Li, Garth Kendall
Extensive evidence has shown that working nonstandard hours, such as evening or night shifts, impacts negatively on workers' own health, and a growing literature suggests such impacts extend to the health of workers' children. Using matched parent and child data from a large Australian panel survey this paper explores the effects of parental work schedules on the mental and physical health of adolescents aged 15-20 in sole-parent families. Random-effects models indicate adolescents have marginally worse emotional and physical health when their parent works nonstandard hours, based on SF-36 component summary scores, associated primarily with emotional or physical role limitations...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
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