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Xiaotong Ding, Yajuan Yang, Dan Su, Ting Zhang, Lunlan Li, Huiping Li
BACKGROUND: Low job satisfaction is the most common cause of nurses' turnover and influences the quality of nursing service. Moreover, we have no idea regarding whether job control, as an individual factor, can play a role in the relationship. OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between work-family conflict and job satisfaction among Chinese registered nurses and the mediating role of job control in this relationship. METHODS: From August 2015 to November 2016, 487 Chinese registered nurses completed a survey...
April 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Suzanne R Dhaini, Kris Denhaerynck, Stefanie Bachnick, René Schwendimann, Maria Schubert, Sabina De Geest, Michael Simon
BACKGROUND: Emotional exhaustion among healthcare workers is a widely investigated, well-recognized problem, the incidence of which has recently been linked to work environment factors, particularly work/family conflict. However, another environmental feature that may be equally influential, but that is more amenable to nurse manager action, remains less recognized: shift schedule flexibility. OBJECTIVES: This study's main purposes were to assess variations in work schedule flexibility between Swiss acute care hospital units, and to investigate associations between psychosocial work environment (e...
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Amy C Luedtke, Katti J Sneed
The clergy wife is an understudied and silenced population. While the minister himself is well represented in the literature concerning burnout, psychological distress, and diminishing years of service, his wife remains unheard and desperate for her needs to be understood and addressed. The lived experience of nine Wesleyan pastors' wives was investigated using a qualitative methodology and phenomenological approach. Themes arose surrounding both protective factors (faith, calling, support) and stressors (performance expectations and loss of identity, loneliness, low income, sacrifice of time)...
March 2018: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
Georgia I Skoufi, Georgios A Lialios, Styliani Papakosta, Theodoros C Constantinidis, Petros Galanis, Evangelia Nena
Context: Adverse work schedules and conditions may affect the physical, mental, and social wellbeing of workers, impairing quality of life and causing conflict between family and work roles. Aims: To compare quality of life, professional quality of life (ProQOL), and work/family conflict (WFC) between shift workers and nonshift workers and explore possible associations with demographic characteristics. Settings and Design: : A cross-sectional study was conducted in a rehabilitation center in Central Greece, recording demographic, occupational, and family characteristics...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
H Shellae Versey, Mingxuan Tan
This study examines the link between negative work-family spillover and metabolic risk factors over a 9-year period. Data from two waves of the Midlife in the United States Survey were used to explore relationships between negative work-family spillover and four indicators of metabolic syndrome-blood pressure, triglycerides, body mass index, and glucose levels. In a sample of full-time working men and women ( N = 630), increased negative spillover at baseline significantly predicted higher body mass index nearly a decade later, with a marginally significant effect for triglyceride levels...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
Muhammad Umair Javaid, Ahmad Shahrul Nizam Isha, Asrar Ahmed Sabir, Zulkipli Ghazali, Matthias Nübling
Psychosocial risks are considered as a burning issue in the Asia-Pacific region. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of psychosocial work environment factors on health of petrochemical industry workers of Malaysia. In lieu to job demands-resources theory, significant positive associations were found between quantitative demands, work-family conflict, and job insecurity with stress, while a significant negative association of role clarity as a resource factor with stress was detected. We also found that quantitative demands were significantly associated with the mean arterial pressure (MAP)...
2018: BioMed Research International
Cattram D Nguyen, Lyndall Strazdins, Jan M Nicholson, Amanda R Cooklin
BACKGROUND: Understanding the long-term health effects of employment - a major social determinant - on population health is best understood via longitudinal cohort studies, yet missing data (attrition, item non-response) remain a ubiquitous challenge. Additionally, and unique to the work-family context, is the intermittent participation of parents, particularly mothers, in employment, yielding 'incomplete' data. Missing data are patterned by gender and social circumstances, and the extent and nature of resulting biases are unknown...
March 19, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Rachel Bennett, Philippa Waterhouse
Understanding the transition to adulthood has important implications for supporting young adults and understanding the roots of diversity in wellbeing later in life. In South Africa, the end of Apartheid means today's youth are experiencing their transition to adulthood in a changed social and political context which offers opportunities compared to the past but also threats. This paper presents the first national level analysis of the patterning of key transitions (completion of education, entry into the labour force, motherhood and marriage or cohabitation), and the association between the different pathways and health amongst young women...
March 2, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
William Sledge, Julia Rozanova, Julianne Dorset
OBJECTIVE: To provide a follow up of a 1976 study of the impact of captivity on U.S. Air Force (USAF) POWs and USAF Controls matched for time in Southeast Asia, military rank and aircraft crew position. METHOD: Qualitative study of replies to open ended questions of positive and negative changes due to their captivity/combat experiences made by participants (POWs and Controls) who replied in both 1976 and in 2003. RESULTS: Both groups acknowledged positive and negative effects of the experiences in 1976...
March 13, 2018: Psychiatry
E S Eshak, N N Kamal, A E Seedhom, N N Kamal
OBJECTIVES: Egypt's economic reform is accompanied by both financial and social strains. Due to lack of evidence, we examined the associations between work-family conflict in its 2 directions, work-to-family conflicts (WFCs), and family-to-work conflicts (FWCs) and self-rated health in Minia, Egypt, and whether the association will vary by being financially responsible for others and by the level of perceived social support. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study that included 1021 healthy participants aged 18-60 years from Minia district...
February 28, 2018: Public Health
Daniela Grunow, Katia Begall, Sandra Buchler
The authors argue, in line with recent research, that operationalizing gender ideology as a unidimensional construct ranging from traditional to egalitarian is problematic and propose an alternative framework that takes the multidimensionality of gender ideologies into account. Using latent class analysis, they operationalize their gender ideology framework based on data from the 2008 European Values Study, of which eight European countries reflecting the spectrum of current work-family policies were selected...
February 2018: Journal of Marriage and the Family
Helene Snee, Fiona Devine
In British social mobility discourse, the rhetoric of fair access can obscure wider issues of social justice. While socio-economic inequalities continue to shape young people's lives, sociological work on class dis-identification suggests social class is less obviously meaningful as a source of individual and collective identity. This paper considers subjective understandings of the post-16 education and employment landscape in this context, drawing on qualitative research exploring the aspirations of young men and women as they completed compulsory education in north-west England, and the hopes their parents had for their future...
February 21, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
Junwei Zheng, Guangdong Wu
Projects are characterized by long working hours, complex tasks and being a kind of temporary organization. As such, work-family conflict is particularly prominent for project employees. This research examined whether and how work-family conflict affects professional commitment among Chinese project professionals. Research hypotheses were developed to explore the relationship between work-family conflict, professional commitment to the project and the mediating effects of perceived organizational support. Data were collected from 327 project managers or professionals working in construction enterprises in China; data were analyzed using structural equation modeling, applying the bootstrapping method...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Aleksandra Pytel, Iwona Demczyszak, Edyta Sutkowska, Joanna Rosińczuk, Izabela Kuberka, Aleksandra Kołtuniuk
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an incurable disease resulting in progressive disability, which is associated with the loss of productivity and the inability to earn money, which might lead to a financial burden on the patient's family. Undoubtedly, the clinical picture of the disease and its consequences lead to the reduction of the quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of selected factors on the subjective assessment of the quality of life and general health of patients with RA...
December 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Lars Peter Andersen, Annie Hogh, Karin Biering, Charlotte Ann Gadegaard
BACKGROUND: Threats and violence at work are major concerns for employees in many human service sectors. The prevention of work-related violence is a major challenge for employees and management. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify prospective associations between psycho-social work environment and work-related threats and violence in four high risk human service sectors. METHODS: Questionnaire data was collected from 3011 employees working at psychiatric wards, in the elder sector, in the Prison and Probation Service and at Special Schools...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Tatsuru Kitamura, Shigehito Shiota, Shigetoshi Jinkawa, Maki Kitamura, Shoryoku Hino
BACKGROUND: During hospitalization for behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), it is imperative to build a support system for each patient in the community for after they obtain symptom remission. To this end, patients lacking adequate family support are less likely to be discharged to their own homes and need stronger support systems to be established. This study therefore investigated the effects of home-visit nursing before admission on time to home discharge among patients with limited familial care who were hospitalized for treatment of BPSD...
January 2018: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
Nicole DePasquale, Martin J Sliwinski, Steven H Zarit, Orfeu M Buxton, David M Almeida
Background and Objectives: Although sleep is a critical health outcome providing insight into overall health, well-being, and role functioning, little is known about the sleep consequences of simultaneously occupying paid and unpaid caregiving roles. This study investigated the frequency with which women employed in U.S.-based nursing homes entered and exited unpaid caregiving roles for children (double-duty-child caregivers), adults (double-duty-elder caregivers), or both (triple-duty caregivers), as well as examined how combinations of and changes in these caregiving roles related to cross-sectional and longitudinal sleep patterns...
January 19, 2018: Gerontologist
Laura M Little, Amanda S Hinojosa, Samantha Paustian-Underdahl, Kate P Zipay
Unfortunately, not all organizations are supportive of employees' family lives. Family unsupportive workplaces can be stressful for all employees and particularly for pregnant women, who carry a physical reminder of their family life. In the present study, we draw on conservation of resources (COR) theory (Hobfoll, 1989, 2001) to investigate how women manage family unsupportive organizational perceptions during pregnancy via social identity-based impression management behaviors as well as how these strategies relate to changes in stress and changes in conflict between work and family...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Applied Psychology
Yoy Bergs, Huub Hoofs, IJmert Kant, Jos Slangen, Nicole Wh Jansen
Objectives The aim of this study was to examine the reciprocal association between work-family conflict and depressive complaints over time. Methods Cross-lagged structural equation modeling (SEM) was used and three-wave follow-up data from the Maastricht Cohort Study with six years of follow-up [2416 men and 585 women at T1 (2008)]. Work-family conflict was operationalized by distinguishing both work-home interference and home-work interference, as assessed with two subscales of the Survey Work-Home Interference Nijmegen...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Mauricio Avendano, Lidia Panico
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence of the impact of policies to promote work-family balance on family health. Exploiting the introduction of the UK Flexible Working Act (2003), we examined whether a policy that grants parents the right to request flexible work influences their health and well-being. METHODS: Using the UK Millennium Cohort Study, we focus on 6424 mothers employed in 2001-2002, when the cohort child was 9 months old, until their child's seventh birthday...
March 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
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