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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242705/workplace-policies-and-mental-health-among-working-class-new-parents
#1
Maureen Perry-Jenkins, JuliAnna Z Smith, Lauren Page Wadsworth, Hillary Paul Halpern
Little research has explored linkages between workplace policies and mental health in working-class, employed parents, creating a gap in our knowledge of work-family issues across social class levels. The current U.S. study addresses this gap by employing hierarchical linear modeling techniques to examine how workplace policies and parental leave benefits predicted parents' depressive symptoms and anxiety in a sample of 125, low-income, dual-earner couples interviewed across the transition to parenthood. Descriptive analyses revealed that, on average, parents had few workplace policies, such as schedule flexibility or child care supports, available to them...
2017: Community, Work & Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242672/paths-towards-family-friendly-working-time-arrangements-comparing-workplaces-in-different-countries-and-industries
#2
Tobias Wiß
Although studies have examined the distribution and conditions of employer-provided work-family arrangements, we still lack a systematic investigation of how these vary for different countries and industries. Based on the European Working Conditions Survey 2010, this study examines the conditions under which firms provide family-friendly working time arrangements and what the differences are across four countries (Austria, Denmark, Italy and the UK) and four industries. The impact of employee representatives, employee involvement, manager support and female managers varies across countries and industries because of the institutional environment (prevailing family model, industrial relations) and workforce composition (gender)...
December 2017: Social Policy & Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239632/a-meta-analysis-of-work-family-conflict-and-social-support
#3
Kimberly A French, Soner Dumani, Tammy D Allen, Kristen M Shockley
The relationship between social support and work-family conflict is well-established, but the notion that different forms, sources, and types of social support as well as contextual factors can alter this relationship has been relatively neglected. To address this limitation, the current study provides the most comprehensive and in-depth examination of the relationship between social support and work-family conflict to date. We conduct a meta-analysis based on 1021 effect sizes and 46 countries to dissect the social support and work-family conflict relationship...
December 14, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166224/a-reanalysis-of-occupation-and-suicide-negative-perceptions-of-the-workplace-linked-to-suicide-attempts
#4
Matt Howard, Morgan Krannitz
Suicide is the ultimate outcome of poor psychological well-being; however, there is a paucity of research examining the link between occupation and suicide, despite early academic interest and the known importance of work to our everyday lives. We propose that this body of research was abandoned prematurely, and we provide a reanalysis by integrating the Job Characteristics Model and the Conservation of Resources model with extant suicide research. Specifically, we hypothesize that work design characteristics (job autonomy, task variety, physical demands) and threats to personal resources (absence of viewing work-as-career, work-family conflict, family-work conflict, job dissatisfaction) are linked to suicide attempts via depression and suicidal ideation...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165115/effects-of-gaps-in-priorities-between-ideal-and-real-lives-on-psychological-burnout-among-academic-faculty-members-at-a-medical-university-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Yuki Chatani, Kyoko Nomura, Saki Horie, Keisuke Takemoto, Masumi Takeuchi, Yukifumi Sasamori, Shinichi Takenoshita, Aya Murakami, Haruko Hiraike, Hiroko Okinaga, Derek Smith
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence from medical workforce research indicates that poor work/life balance and increased work/home conflict induce psychological distress. In this study we aim to examine the existence of a priority gap between ideal and real lives, and its association with psychological burnout among academic professionals. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey, conducted in 2014, included faculty members (228 men, 102 women) at a single medical university in Tokyo, Japan...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154657/trajectories-of-parental-engagement-in-early-childhood-among-dual-earner-families-effects-on-child-self-control
#6
Tiago Ferreira, Joana Cadima, Marisa Matias, Joana Marina Vieira, Teresa Leal, Karine Verschueren, Paula Mena Matos
Parental engagement in positive activities with the child may show significant variation across time, assuming a crucial influence on child development. In dual-earner families, work-family conflict can interfere with parental engagement, with negative consequences for children's behavior. The current study examined the change trajectories of mothers' and fathers' engagement in early childhood, analyzing whether these trajectories are influenced by parents' work-family conflict and whether they predict child behavioral self-control...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154305/an-active-transition-from-offshore-work-to-family-life-activities-that-may-impact-recovery
#7
Suzanne L Merkus, Maaike A Huysmans, Kari Anne Holte, Willem van Mechelen, Allard J van der Beek
BACKGROUND: Night shift workers, particularly those working offshore, take a long time to recover from their shifts. The activities that shift workers, such as offshore employees, pursue during their leisure time can influence the process of recovery from work-related fatigue, but little is known about these leisure time activities. OBJECTIVE: To explore what leisure time activities are pursued that may be relevant to recovery for offshore employees. METHODS: Sixty-one offshore working family men-20 night shift, 16 swing shift, and 25 day shift workers-reported on six predefined activities for 14 days following their offshore tours...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140633/the-impact-of-work-demand-and-gender-on-occupational-and-psychosocial-stress-in-hispanic-farmworkers
#8
Megan TePoel, Diane Rohlman, Meagan Shaw
Hispanic farmworkers experience hazardous work conditions, language barriers, poverty, and limited healthcare access that increase their risk for health problems. We sought to characterize occupational and lifestyle stressors in farmworker couples and to examine the impact of seasonal work demand and gender on health outcomes. We administered surveys to 31 couples (N = 62) in May (low work demand) and September (high work demand) of 2012. Measures included acculturation, perceived stress, depressive symptoms, quality of life, decision latitude, support (supervisor, co-worker), and work-family conflict...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122182/work-related-physical-psychosocial-and-individual-factors-associated-with-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-surgeons-implications-for-ergonomic-interventions
#9
Iman Dianat, Ahmad Bazazan, Mohammad Amin Souraki Azad, Seyedeh Sakineh Salimi
This study evaluated the effect of physical, psychosocial and individual factors on the presence of musculoskeletal symptoms (MSS) among surgeons (n = 312) in Iran. Data were collected using questionnaires and analysed by multivariate logistic regression. The prevalence of MSS, particularly in the knees (48.7%), neck (45.8%), low back (42.3%) and shoulders (40.1%) was relatively high. Work-related factors including time spent on surgeries each week (>25 h/week), number of hours working in standing position per day (>4 h/day), moderate to high levels of work-family conflict, duration of each surgery (>3 h), number of years worked as a surgeon (>10 years) and surgical specialty (particularly cardiothoracic and obstetric/gynecologic surgeries) were independently associated with the presence of MSS in different body regions...
February 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121989/determining-the-impact-of-a-new-physiotherapist-led-primary-care-model-for-back-pain-protocol-for-a-pilot-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Jordan Miller, David Barber, Catherine Donnelly, Simon French, Michael Green, Jonathan Hill, Joy MacDermid, Jacquelyn Marsh, Kathleen Norman, Julie Richardson, Monica Taljaard, Timothy Wideman, Lynn Cooper, Colleen McPhee
BACKGROUND: Back pain is a leading contributor to disability, healthcare costs, and lost work. Family physicians are the most common first point of contact in the healthcare system for people with back pain, but physiotherapists (PTs) may be able to support the primary care team through evidence-based primary care. A cluster randomized trial is needed to determine the clinical, health system, and societal impact of a primary care model that integrates physiotherapists at the first visit for people with back pain...
November 9, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119586/self-reported-musculoskeletal-disorder-pain-the-role-of-job-hazards-and-work-life-interaction
#11
Victoria P Weale, Yvonne Wells, Jodi Oakman
BACKGROUND: Previous research identified an association between work-family conflict and musculoskeletal pain. This study explores how the work-life interface might affect pain experienced by residential aged care staff. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 426 employees in residential aged care was analyzed to assess the impacts of workplace hazards, work-family conflict, and work-life balance on self-reported musculoskeletal pain. RESULTS: Work-family conflict acts as a mediator of the relationships between workplace hazards and the total number of body regions at which musculoskeletal pain was experienced...
November 9, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097848/employment-arrangement-job-stress-and-health-related-quality-of-life
#12
Tapas K Ray, Tat'Yana A Kenigsberg, Regina Pana-Cryan
Objective: We aimed to understand the characteristics of U.S. workers in non-standard employment arrangements, and to assess associations between job stress and Health-related Quality of Life (HRQL) by employment arrangement. Background: As employers struggle to stay in business under increasing economic pressures, they may rely more on non-standard employment arrangements, thereby increasing the pool of contingent workers. Worker exposure to job stress may vary by employment arrangement...
December 2017: Safety Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084311/work-family-conflict-and-the-sex-difference-in-depression-among-training-physicians
#13
Constance Guille, Elena Frank, Zhuo Zhao, David A Kalmbach, Paul J Nietert, Douglas A Mata, Srijan Sen
Importance: Depression is common among training physicians and may disproportionately affect women. The identification of modifiable risk factors is key to reducing this disease burden and its negative impact on patient care and physician career attrition. Objective: To determine the presence and magnitude of a sex difference in depressive symptoms and work-family conflict among training physicians; and if work-family conflict impacts the sex difference in depressive symptoms among training physicians...
December 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068787/impact-of-work-pressure-work-stress-and-work-family-conflict-on-firefighter-burnout
#14
Todd D Smith, David M DeJoy, Mari-Amanda Aimee Dyal, Gaojian Huang
Little research has explored burnout and its causes in the American fire service. Data were collected from career firefighters in the southeastern United States (n = 208) to explore these relationships. A hierarchical regression model was tested to examine predictors of burnout including sociodemographic characteristics (model 1), work pressure (model 2), work stress and work-family conflict (model 3) and interaction terms (model 4). The main findings suggest that perceived work stress and work-family conflict emerged as the significant predictors of burnout (both p<...
October 25, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065311/parents-transitions-into-and-out-of-work-family-conflict-and-children-s-mental-health-longitudinal-influence-via-family-functioning
#15
Huong Dinh, Amanda R Cooklin, Liana S Leach, Elizabeth M Westrupp, Jan M Nicholson, Lyndall Strazdins
The demands arising from the combination of work and family roles can generate conflicts (work-family conflicts), which have become recognized as major social determinants of mothers' and fathers' mental health. This raises the question of the potential effects on children. The current study of 2496 Australian families (7652 observations from children aged 4-5 up to 12-13 years) asks whether changes in children's mental health corresponds with changes in mothers' and fathers' work-family conflicts. Using longitudinal random-effect structural equation models, adjusting for prior child mental health, changes in work-family conflict were examined across four adjacent pairs of biennial data waves...
October 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048981/women-and-the-decision-to-leave-linger-or-lean-in-predictors-of-intent-to-leave-and-aspirations-to-leadership-and-advancement-in-academic-medicine
#16
Elizabeth H Ellinas, Nadya Fouad, Angela Byars-Winston
BACKGROUND: The Association of American Medical Colleges reports continued low rates of female faculty as professors and in leadership positions. While attrition and discrimination have both been proposed as explanations, recent literature has suggested that women's professional motivations, ingrained behavior, and perceptions of organizational support may also play a role. METHODS: The authors employed a series of scales informed by the turnover theory (which predicts intent to leave an organization), previously validated and used in business and engineering studies, but rarely used in academic medicine...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021126/healthydads-ca-what-do-men-want-in-a-website-designed-to-promote-emotional-wellness-and-healthy-behaviors-during-the-transition-to-parenthood
#17
Deborah Da Costa, Phyllis Zelkowitz, Nicole Letourneau, Andrew Howlett, Cindy-Lee Dennis, Brian Russell, Steven Grover, Ilka Lowensteyn, Peter Chan, Samir Khalifé
BACKGROUND: Up to 18% of men experience depression and/or anxiety during the transition to parenthood. Interventions designed specifically to promote the mental health of men during the transition to parenthood are scarce. Internet-delivered interventions may be acceptable and far-reaching in enhancing mental health, parenting knowledge, and healthy behaviors in expectant or new fathers. OBJECTIVE: To guide the development of Healthydads.ca, a website designed to enhance mental health and healthy behaviors in expectant fathers, a needs assessment was conducted to identify fathers' perspectives of barriers to seeking help for emotional wellness, informational needs, and factors affecting the decision to visit such a website...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991808/are-workplace-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-work-related-injury-in-the-us-workforce-national-health-interview-survey-2010
#18
Yvonne Farnacio, Michael E Pratt, Elizabeth G Marshall, Judith M Graber
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial hazards in the workplace may adversely impact occupational and general health, including injury risk. METHODS: Among 16,417 adult workers in the 2010 National Health Interview Survey Occupational Health Supplement, weighted prevalence estimates were calculated for work-related injuries (WRI) and any injuries. The association between injury and psychosocial occupational hazards (job insecurity, work-family imbalance, hostile work environment) was assessed adjusting for sociodemographic and occupational factors...
October 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991270/how-job-and-family-demands-impact-change-in-perceived-stress-a-dyadic-study
#19
Ewelina Smoktunowicz, Roman Cieślak
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this two-wave study has been to test the spillover and crossover of job and family demands on changes in perceived stress at work and in the family. Specifically, we proposed that demands from one domain (work or family) spilled over to another domain through interrrole conflict (work-family/family-work conflict) and context-specific self-efficacy. Additionally, we hypothesized that changes in perceived stress were impacted not only by a person's own demands through interrole conflict but also by the demands of one's significant other, in the process of crossover...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963953/work-family-and-personal-characteristics-explain-occupational-and-gender-differences-in-work-family-conflict-among-japanese-civil-servants
#20
U Koura, M Sekine, M Yamada, T Tatsuse
OBJECTIVES: A high level of work-family conflict (WFC) is an important risk factor for physical and mental health problems. Although individual work-related factors for WFC have been extensively studied, relatively little is known about whether occupation and gender affect WFC and how such effects might be generated. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study surveyed 3053 civil servants aged 20-65 years working in a local government in the west coast of Japan in 2003...
September 27, 2017: Public Health
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