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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813911/design-and-kinematic-analysis-of-a-novel-upper-limb-exoskeleton-for-rehabilitation-of-stroke-patients
#1
Amin Zeiaee, Rana Soltani-Zarrin, Reza Langari, Reza Tafreshi
This paper details the design process and features of a novel upper limb rehabilitation exoskeleton named CLEVER (Compact, Low-weight, Ergonomic, Virtual/Augmented Reality Enhanced Rehabilitation) ARM. The research effort is focused on designing a lightweight and ergonomic upper-limb rehabilitation exoskeleton capable of producing diverse and perceptually rich training scenarios. To this end, the knowledge available in the literature of rehabilitation robotics is used along with formal conceptual design techniques...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813703/efficacy-and-safety-of-adjuvant-treatment-with-entacapone-in-advanced-parkinson-s-disease-with-motor-fluctuation-a-systematic-meta-analysis
#2
Jia Li, Zhiwei Lou, Xiaoyang Liu, Yajuan Sun, Jiajun Chen
AIMS: To assess the efficacy and safety of adjuvant treatment with entacapone in the treatment of later Parkinson's disease (PD) patients with motor fluctuation. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of relevant studies from 8 databases to June 23, 2016. RESULTS: Fourteen studies were included in this review (n = 2,804). The results showed that compared with placebo, adjuvant therapy with entacapone significantly increased on time (p < 0...
August 16, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813634/hand-assisted-laparoscopic-surgery-versus-conventional-laparoscopic-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Xubing Zhang, Qingbin Wu, Tao Hu, Chaoyang Gu, Liang Bi, Ziqiang Wang
AIM: This meta-analysis aims to compare hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) with conventional laparoscopic surgery (LAS) for colorectal cancer (CRC) in terms of intraoperative, postoperative, and survival outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search with no limits was performed in PubMed, Embase, and Medline. The last search was performed on March 31, 2017. The outcomes of interests included intraoperative outcomes (operative time, blood loss, length of incision, transfusion, conversion, and lymph nodes harvested), postoperative outcomes (length of hospital stay, time to first flatus, time to first bowel movement, postoperative complications, mortality, reoperation, ileus, anastomotic leakage, postoperative bleeding, wound infection, intra-abdominal abscess, urinary complication, cardiopulmonary complication, and readmission), and 5-year survival outcomes...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813566/a-nonlinear-generalization-of-the-savitzky-golay-filter-and-the-quantitative-analysis-of-saccades
#4
Weiwei Dai, Ivan Selesnick, John-Ross Rizzo, Janet Rucker, Todd Hudson
The Savitzky-Golay (SG) filter is widely used to smooth and differentiate time series, especially biomedical data. However, time series that exhibit abrupt departures from their typical trends, such as sharp waves or steps, which are of physiological interest, tend to be oversmoothed by the SG filter. Hence, the SG filter tends to systematically underestimate physiological parameters in certain situations. This article proposes a generalization of the SG filter to more accurately track abrupt deviations in time series, leading to more accurate parameter estimates (e...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813550/drug-free-interventions-to-reduce-pain-or-opioid-consumption-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Dario Tedesco, Davide Gori, Karishma R Desai, Steven Asch, Ian R Carroll, Catherine Curtin, Kathryn M McDonald, Maria P Fantini, Tina Hernandez-Boussard
Importance: There is increased interest in nonpharmacological treatments to reduce pain after total knee arthroplasty. Yet, little consensus supports the effectiveness of these interventions. Objective: To systematically review and meta-analyze evidence of nonpharmacological interventions for postoperative pain management after total knee arthroplasty. Data Sources: Database searches of MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE (OVID), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Web of Science (ISI database), Physiotherapy Evidence (PEDRO) database, and ClinicalTrials...
August 16, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813522/surveillance-in-easy-to-access-population-subgroups-as-a-tool-for-evaluating-malaria-control-progress-a-systematic-review
#6
Sanie S S Sesay, Emanuele Giorgi, Peter J Diggle, David Schellenberg, David G Lalloo, Dianne J Terlouw
BACKGROUND: The need for surveillance systems generating targeted, data-driven, responsive control efforts to accelerate and sustain malaria transmission reduction has been emphasized by programme managers, policy makers and scientists. Surveillance using easy-to-access population subgroups (EAGs) may result in considerable cost saving compared to household surveys as the identification and selection of individuals to be surveyed is simplified, fewer personnel are needed, and logistics are simpler...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813182/impact-of-selection-bias-on-treatment-effect-size-estimates-in-randomized-trials-of-oral-health-interventions-a-meta-epidemiological-study
#7
H Saltaji, S Armijo-Olivo, G G Cummings, M Amin, B R da Costa, C Flores-Mir
Emerging evidence suggests that design flaws of randomized controlled trials can result in over- or underestimation of the treatment effect size (ES). The objective of this study was to examine associations between treatment ES estimates and adequacy of sequence generation, allocation concealment, and baseline comparability among a sample of oral health randomized controlled trials. For our analysis, we selected all meta-analyses that included a minimum of 5 oral health randomized controlled trials and used continuous outcomes...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813009/well-being-and-the-social-environment-of-work-a-systematic-review-of-intervention-studies
#8
REVIEW
Kevin Daniels, David Watson, Cigdem Gedikli
There is consistent evidence that a good social environment in the workplace is associated with employee well-being. However, there has been no specific review of interventions to improve well-being through improving social environments at work. We conducted a systematic review of such interventions, and also considered performance as an outcome. We found eight studies of interventions. Six studies were of interventions that were based on introducing shared social activities into workgroups. Six out of the six studies demonstrated improvements in well-being across the sample (five studies), or for an identifiable sub-group (one study)...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813005/identification-and-functional-divergence-analysis-of-wox-gene-family-in-paper-mulberry
#9
Feng Tang, Naizhi Chen, Meiling Zhao, Yucheng Wang, Ruiping He, Xianjun Peng, Shihua Shen
The WOX (WUSCHEL-related homeobox) is a plant-specific transcription factor involved in plant development and stress response. However, few studies have been reported on the WOX gene in woody plants. In this study, 10 BpWOX genes were isolated from paper mulberry by RACE-PCR and categorized into three clades through phylogenetic analysis, ancient, intermediate and WUS clade. Among them, five members had the transcriptional activity detected by yeast one-hybrid and seven were uniquely localized to the nucleus through green fluorescent protein (GFP) observation...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812947/a-concept-analysis-of-professional-commitment-in-nursing
#10
Loreto García-Moyano, Rogelio Altisent, Begoña Pellicer-García, Sandra Guerrero-Portillo, Oihana Arrazola-Alberdi, María Teresa Delgado-Marroquín
BACKGROUND: The concept of professional commitment is being widely studied at present. However, although it is considered an indicator for the most human part of nursing care, there is no clear definition for it, and different descriptors are being used indiscriminately to reference it. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to clarify the concept of professional commitment in nursing through the Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis process. DESIGN: Systematic search using English and Spanish descriptors and concept analysis...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812826/a-policy-analysis-on-the-proactive-prevention-of-chronic-disease-learnings-from-the-initial-implementation-of-integrated-measurement-for-early-detection-mido
#11
Roberto Tapia-Conyer, Rodrigo Saucedo-Martínez, Ricardo Mújica-Rosales, Héctor Gallardo-Rincón, Evan Lee, Craig Waugh, Lucía Guajardo, Braulio Torres-Beltrán, Úrsula Quijano-González, Mauricio López-Mendez, Elena Rose Atkinson
Mexico, like many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), faces an epidemic of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs), specifically diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and lipid disorders. Many people with these NCDs may not be aware that they have a disease, pointing to the need for broader screening programs. The traditional prevention policy in Mexico was based on screening with a paper-based risk factor questionnaire. However, this was used to screen patients already seeking healthcare services at facilities, and screening goals were set as a function of the number of questionnaires applied, not number of individuals screened...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812606/global-marine-protected-areas-to-prevent-extinctions
#12
Lindsay N K Davidson, Nicholas K Dulvy
One goal of global marine protected areas (MPAs) is to ensure they represent a breadth of taxonomic biodiversity. Ensuring representation of species in MPAs, however, would require protecting vast areas of the global oceans and does not explicitly prioritize species of conservation concern. When threatened species are considered, a recent study found that only a small fraction of their geographic ranges are within the global MPA network. Which global marine areas, and what conservation actions beyond MPAs could be prioritized to prevent marine extinctions (Convention on Biological Diversity Aichi Target 12), remains unknown...
January 23, 2017: Nature ecology & evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812541/systematic-review-of-interventions-for-treating-or-preventing-antipsychotic-induced-tardive-dyskinesia
#13
Hanna Bergman, Dawn-Marie Walker, Adriani Nikolakopoulou, Karla Soares-Weiser, Clive E Adams
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic medication can cause tardive dyskinesia (TD) - late-onset, involuntary, repetitive movements, often involving the face and tongue. TD occurs in > 20% of adults taking antipsychotic medication (first-generation antipsychotics for > 3 months), with this proportion increasing by 5% per year among those who continue to use these drugs. The incidence of TD among those taking newer antipsychotics is not different from the rate in people who have used older-generation drugs in moderate doses...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812330/black-and-minority-ethnic-group-involvement-in-health-and-social-care-research-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Shoba Dawson, Stephen M Campbell, Sally J Giles, Rebecca L Morris, Sudeh Cheraghi-Sohi
BACKGROUND: Patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is growing internationally, but little is known about black and minority ethnic (BME) involvement and the factors influencing their involvement in health and social care research. OBJECTIVES: To characterize and critique the empirical literature on BME-PPI involvement in health and social care research. SEARCH STRATEGY: Systematic searches of six electronic bibliographic databases were undertaken, utilizing both MeSH and free-text terms to identify international empirical literature published between 1990 and 2016...
August 15, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812212/obesity-treatment-with-botulinum-toxin-a-is-not-effective-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Fabio Bustamante, Vitor Ottoboni Brunaldi, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Diogo Turiani H de Moura, Eduardo Turiani H de Moura, Manoel Galvão, Marco Aurélio Santo, Eduardo Guimarães H de Moura
The effectiveness of gastric injections of botulinum toxin-A (BTA) as primary treatment for obesity is not well known since results in literature are discrepant. Hence, we aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze the available data to assess the real effect of BTA therapy. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane, SCOPUS, EBSCO, LILACS, and BVS. We considered eligible only randomized controlled trials enrolling obese patients comparing BTA versus saline injections. Our initial search identified 8811 records...
August 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812209/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-chronic-widespread-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Wai Chung Yong, Anawin Sanguankeo, Sikarin Upala
Chronic non-specific widespread pain (CWP) including fibromyalgia (FMS) is characterized by widespread pain, reduced pain threshold, and multiple tender points on examination, causing disability and decreased quality of life. Vitamin D has been proposed as an associated factor in CWP. This meta-analysis aimed to explore the benefit of vitamin D supplementation in the management of CWP. A comprehensive search of the CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Embase databases was performed from inception through January 2017. The inclusion criterion was the randomized clinical trials' evaluating the effects of vitamin D treatment in adult subjects with CWP or FMS...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812188/comparative-efficacy-of-cold-polypectomy-techniques-for-diminutive-colorectal-polyps-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#17
Yoon Suk Jung, Chan Hyuk Park, Eunwoo Nam, Chang Soo Eun, Dong Il Park, Dong Soo Han
BACKGROUND: Although cold polypectomy techniques are preferred over polypectomy with electrocautery in the management of diminutive polyps, comprehensive comparisons among various cold polypectomy techniques have not yet been fully performed. METHODS: We searched for all relevant randomized controlled trials published up until October 2016 examining the efficacy of cold polypectomy techniques for diminutive polyps. Cold polypectomy techniques were classified as cold forceps polypectomy (CFP), jumbo forceps polypectomy (JFP), traditional cold snare polypectomy (CSP), and dedicated CSP, according to the type of device...
August 15, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812180/effect-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-on-glucose-metabolism-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
Bingqian Zhu, Chao Ma, Jindarat Chaiard, Changgui Shi
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has many serious consequences, and one of these may be the exacerbation of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Reports on the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on glucose metabolism in people with T2DM and OSA are conflicting. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to examine the effect of CPAP treatment on glucose metabolism by synthesizing findings from randomized controlled trials. The PRISMA review protocol was developed and registered in PROSPERO. A systematic search of PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, Web of Science, PsycInfo, and Cochrane was conducted from inception to March 2017...
August 15, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812109/vibratory-perineal-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-systematic-review
#19
Marina Petter Rodrigues, Luciana Laureano Paiva, José Geraldo Lopes Ramos, Lia Ferla
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The pelvic floor muscles (PFM) play an important part in the urinary continence mechanism. Changes in their structure and functionality may lead to a predisposition to pelvic floor dysfunction such as urinary incontinence (UI), which is the involuntary loss of urine. Some techniques for conservative treatment of UI are already well documented. However, new approaches have been found that require scientific proof of their effectiveness, such as vibratory stimulation (VS)...
August 15, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812024/influence-of-human-papillomavirus-infection-on-the-natural-history-of-cervical-intraepithelial-neoplasia-1-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Mingzhu Liu, Xiaolong Yan, Mei Zhang, Xiaoju Li, Shugang Li, Mingxia Jing
OBJECTIVE: To provide a scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 1 (CIN1). This study evaluated the impact of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection on the natural history of CIN1. METHODS: Electronic databases of Cochrane Library, EMBASE, PubMed, CNKI, CBM, and Wanfang were searched in April 2016. The eligibility criteria were documented by Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)...
2017: BioMed Research International
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