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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451774/organic-semiconducting-photoacoustic-nanodroplets-for-laser-activatable-ultrasound-imaging-and-combinational-cancer-therapy
#1
Wei Tang, Zhen Yang, Sheng Wang, Zhantong Wang, Jibin Song, Guocan Yu, Wenpei Fan, Yunlu Dai, Jingjing Wang, Lingling Shan, Gang Niu, Quli Fan, Xiaoyuan Chen
Combination of photoacoustic (PA) and ultrasound (US) imaging offers high spatial resolution images with deep tissue penetration, which shows great potentials in applications in medical imaging. Development of PA/US dual-contrast agents with high contrast and excellent biocompatible is of great interest. Herein, an organic semiconducting photoacoustic nanodroplet, PS-PDI-PAnD, is developed by stabilizing low-boiling-point perfluorocarbon (PFC) droplet with a photoabsorber and photoacoustic agent of perylene diimide (PDI) molecules and co-encapsulating the droplet with photosensitizers of ZnF16Pc molecules...
February 16, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450727/metabolic-implications-of-hypoxia-and-pseudohypoxia-in-pheochromocytoma-and-paraganglioma
#2
REVIEW
Katarina Kluckova, Daniel A Tennant
Hypoxia is a critical driver of cancer pathogenesis, directly inducing malignant phenotypes such as epithelial-mesenchymal transition, stem cell-like characteristics and metabolic transformation. However, hypoxia-associated phenotypes are often observed in cancer in the absence of hypoxia, a phenotype known as pseudohypoxia, which is very well documented in specific tumour types, including in paraganglioma/pheochromocytoma (PPGL). Approximately 40% of the PPGL tumours carry a germ line mutation in one of a number of susceptibility genes of which those that are found in succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) or in von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) genes manifest a strong pseudohypoxic phenotype...
February 15, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449656/ultrasound-beam-steering-of-oxygen-nanobubbles-for-enhanced-bladder-cancer-therapy
#3
Pushpak Bhandari, Gloriia Novikova, Craig J Goergen, Joseph Irudayaraj
New intravesical treatment approaches for bladder cancer are needed as currently approved treatments show several side effects and high tumor recurrence rate. Our study used MB49 murine urothelial carcinoma model to evaluate oxygen encapsulated cellulosic nanobubbles as a novel agent for imaging and ultrasound guided drug delivery. In this study, we show that oxygen nanobubbles (ONB) can be propelled (up to 40 mm/s) and precisely guided in vivo to the tumor by an ultrasound beam. Nanobubble velocity can be controlled by altering the power of the ultrasound Doppler beam, while nanobubble direction can be adjusted to different desired angles by altering the angle of the beam...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449553/nuclear-factor-90-promotes-angiogenesis-by-regulating-hif-1%C3%AE-vegf-a-expression-through-the-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway-in-human-cervical-cancer
#4
Wenqian Zhang, Zhengai Xiong, Tianqin Wei, Qiumeng Li, Ying Tan, Li Ling, Xiushan Feng
Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A), a fundamental component of angiogenesis, provides nutrients and oxygen to solid tumors, and enhances tumor cell survival, invasion, and migration. Nuclear factor 90 (NF90), a double-stranded RNA-binding protein, is strongly expressed in several human cancers, promotes tumor growth by reducing apoptosis, and increasing cell cycle process. The mechanisms by which cervical cancer cells inducing VEGF-A expression and angiogenesis upon NF90 upregulation remain to be fully established...
February 15, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447301/esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-low-mitochondrial-copy-number-has-mesenchymal-and-stem-like-characteristics-and-contributes-to-poor-prognosis
#5
Yasunori Masuike, Koji Tanaka, Tomoki Makino, Makoto Yamasaki, Yasuhiro Miyazaki, Tsuyoshi Takahashi, Yukinori Kurokawa, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Masaki Mori, Yuichiro Doki
Alterations in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy numbers in various human cancers have been studied, but any such changes in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are not established. In the present study, we investigated the correlation of mtDNA copy number with clinicopathologic features, prognosis, and malignant potential of ESCC. MtDNA copy numbers of resected specimens from 80 patients treated with radical esophagectomy were measured by quantitative real-time PCR analyses. Human ESCC cells, TE8 and TE11, were cultured, and depletion of mtDNA content was induced by knockdown of mitochondrial transcription factor A expression or treatment with ethidium bromide...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440190/a-model-linking-sickle-cell-hemoglobinopathies-and-smarcb1-loss-in-renal-medullary-carcinoma
#6
Pavlos Msaouel, Nizar M Tannir, Cheryl Lyn Walker
Renal medullary carcinoma (RMC) is a highly aggressive malignancy that predominantly afflicts young adults and adolescents with sickle hemoglobinopathies. It is characterized by complete loss of expression of the chromatin remodeler and tumor suppressor SMARCB1. Despite therapy, the outcomes of patients with RMC remain very poor, highlighting the need to understand the etiology of this cancer, and develop new diagnostic, preventive, and therapeutic strategies. A key knowledge gap in RMC biology is why sickle hemoglobinopathies predispose to the development of this cancer...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440175/pan-cancer-molecular-classes-transcending-tumor-lineage-across-32-cancer-types-multiple-data-platforms-and-over-10-000-cases
#7
Chad J Creighton, Fengju Chen, Yiqun Zhang, Don L Gibbons, Benjamin Deneen, David Kwiatkowski, Michael Ittmann
PURPOSE: The Cancer Genome Atlas data resources represent an opportunity to explore commonalities across cancer types involving multiple molecular levels, but tumor lineage and histology can represent a barrier in moving beyond differences related to cancer type. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: On the basis of gene expression data, we classified 10224 cancers, representing 32 major types, into ten molecular-based "classes."  Molecular patterns representing tissue or histologic dominant effects were first removed computationally, with the resulting classes representing emergent themes across tumor lineages...
February 9, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438880/glucose-oxygen-exhausting-liposomes-for-combined-cancer-starvation-and-hypoxia-activated-therapy
#8
Rui Zhang, Liangzhu Feng, Ziliang Dong, Li Wang, Chao Liang, Jiawen Chen, Qingxi Ma, Rui Zhang, Qian Chen, Yucai Wang, Zhuang Liu
Starvation therapy to slow down the tumor growth by cutting off its energy supply has been proposed to be an alternative therapeutic strategy for cancer treatment. Herein, glucose oxidase (GOx) is loaded into stealth liposomes and act as the glucose and oxygen elimination agent to trigger the conversion of glucose and oxygen into gluconic acid and H 2 O 2 . Such liposome-GOx after intravenous injection with effective tumor retention is able to exhaust glucose and oxygen within the tumor, producing cytotoxic H 2 O 2 and enhancing hypoxia, as vividly visualized by non-invasive in vivo photoacoustic imaging...
February 3, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436847/targeting-tumour-hypoxia-shifting-focus-from-oxygen-supply-to-demand
#9
James Coates, Michael Skwarski, Geoffrey S Higgins
Tumour hypoxia is a well-recognised barrier to anti-cancer therapy and represents one of the best validated targets in oncology. Previous attempts to tackle hypoxia have focussed primarily on increasing tumour oxygen supply; however, clinical studies using this approach have yielded only modest clinical benefit, with often significant toxicity and practical limitations. Therefore, there are currently no anti-hypoxia treatments in widespread clinical use. As an emerging alternative strategy, we discuss the relevance of inhibiting tumour oxygen metabolism to alleviate hypoxia and highlight recently initiated clinical trials using this approach...
February 13, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436427/pyruvate-dehydrogenase-pdh-e1%C3%AE-controls-tumor-progression-by-altering-the-metabolic-status-of-cancer-cells
#10
Ryo Yonashiro, Kayoko Eguchi, Masaki Wake, Norihiko Takeda, Koh Nakayama
Downregulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) is critical for the aberrant preferential activation of glycolysis in cancer cells under normoxic conditions. Phosphorylation-dependent inhibition of PDH is a relevant event in this process, but it is not durable since it relies on PDH kinases which are activated ordinarily under hypoxic conditions. Thus, it remains unclear how PDH is durably downregulated in cancer cells that are not hypoxic. Building on evidence that PDH activity depends on the stability of a multi-protein PDH complex, we found that the PDH-E1β subunit of the PDH complex is downregulated to inhibit PDH activity under conditions of prolonged hypoxia...
February 7, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436031/a-magnetofluorescent-carbon-dot-assembly-as-an-acidic-h2-o2-driven-oxygenerator-to-regulate-tumor-hypoxia-for-simultaneous-bimodal-imaging-and-enhanced-photodynamic-therapy
#11
Qingyan Jia, Jiechao Ge, Weimin Liu, Xiuli Zheng, Shiqing Chen, Yongmei Wen, Hongyan Zhang, Pengfei Wang
Recent studies indicate that carbon dots (CDs) can efficiently generate singlet oxygen (1 O2 ) for photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer. However, the hypoxic tumor microenvironment and rapid consumption of oxygen in the PDT process will severely limit therapeutic effects of CDs due to the oxygen-dependent PDT. Thus, it is becoming particularly important to develop a novel CD as an in situ tumor oxygenerator for overcoming hypoxia and substantially enhancing the PDT efficacy. Herein, for the first time, magnetofluorescent Mn-CDs are successfully prepared using manganese(II) phthalocyanine as a precursor...
February 13, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435987/the-phd1-oxygen-sensor-in-health-and-disease
#12
Kilian B Kennel, Julius Burmeister, Martin Schneider, Cormac T Taylor
The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) co-ordinates the adaptive transcriptional response to hypoxia in metazoan cells. The hypoxic sensitivity of HIF is conferred by a family of oxygen-sensing enzymes termed HIF hydroxylases. This family consists of three prolyl hydroxylases (PHD1-3) and a single asparagine hydroxylase termed factor inhibitor HIF (FIH). It has recently become clear that HIF hydroxylases are functionally non-redundant and have discreet but overlapping physiologic roles. Furthermore, altered abundance or activity of these enzymes is associated with a number of pathologies...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435132/suppression-of-homology-dependent-dna-double-strand-break-repair-induces-parp-inhibitor-sensitivity-in-vhl-deficient-human-renal-cell-carcinoma
#13
Susan E Scanlon, Denise C Hegan, Parker L Sulkowski, Peter M Glazer
The von Hippel-Lindau ( VHL ) tumor suppressor gene is inactivated in the vast majority of human clear cell renal carcinomas. The pathogenesis of VHL loss is currently best understood to occur through stabilization of the hypoxia-inducible factors, activation of hypoxia-induced signaling pathways, and transcriptional reprogramming towards a pro-angiogenic and pro-growth state. However, hypoxia also drives other pro-tumorigenic processes, including the development of genomic instability via down-regulation of DNA repair gene expression...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435073/effects-of-thalidomide-on-growth-and-vegf-a-expression-in-sw480-colon-cancer-cells
#14
Xin Zhang, Hesheng Luo
Lymphatic and hematogenous spread are the most common ways for tumors to metastasize. Angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth and metastasis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) particularly VEGF-A is important in the process of angiogenesis. The current research has indicated that thalidomide (THD) may be able to inhibit angiogenesis, stimulate the activity of the immune system and inhibit the adherence of cancer cells to stromal cells. These changes may lead to suppression of tumor occurrence and development...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435003/opposite-response-to-hypoxia-by-breast-cancer-cells-between-cell-proliferation-and-cell-migration-a-clue-from-microrna-expression-profile
#15
Ming Zhang, Chang-E Gao, Wen-Lin Chen, Yi-Yin Tang, Jian-Yun Nie, Li-Da Shen, Xiang Ma, De-Dian Chen
The majority of tumors possess the features of hypoxia. It is generally accepted that hypoxia is a negative prognostic factor for cancer. Low levels of oxygen are able to modify basic cell metabolism status. Elucidating the basic response, including cell proliferation and migration, to hypoxia by cancer cells is important for understanding the role of hypoxia in the development of cancer. In the present study, CoCl2 stimulation was used to simulate hypoxia. A microRNA (miRNA/miR) array was used to systematically detect the changes in miRNA expression profiles...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434884/endostatin-reverses-immunosuppression-of-the-tumor-microenvironment-in-lung-carcinoma
#16
Xiaolin Liu, Weiwei Nie, Qi Xie, Guoling Chen, Xingyu Li, Yanrui Jia, Beibei Yin, Xun Qu, Yan Li, Jing Liang
Endostatin has previously been demonstrated to efficiently inhibit the angiogenesis and growth of endothelial cells. However, the role of endostatin in the tumor microenvironment remains to be elucidated. To investigate the antitumor effect of endostatin in lung cancer, the present study was designed to explore the alterations of microvessel density in Lewis lung cancer models and the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), interleukin (IL)-6, IL-17, interferon (IFN)-γ and hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1α, following endostatin therapy...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434587/hypoxia-pathway-proteins-as-central-mediators-of-metabolism-in-the-tumor-cells-and-their-microenvironment
#17
REVIEW
Sundary Sormendi, Ben Wielockx
Low oxygen tension or hypoxia is a determining factor in the course of many different processes in animals, including when tissue expansion and cellular metabolism result in high oxygen demands that exceed its supply. This is mainly happening when cells actively proliferate and the proliferating mass becomes distant from the blood vessels, such as in growing tumors. Metabolic alterations in response to hypoxia can be triggered in a direct manner, such as the switch from oxidative phosphorylation to glycolysis or inhibition of fatty acid desaturation...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434333/improving-immunotherapy-outcomes-with-anti-angiogenic-treatments-and-vice-versa
#18
REVIEW
Kabir A Khan, Robert S Kerbel
Immunotherapies have revolutionized medical oncology following the remarkable and, in some cases, unprecedented outcomes observed in certain groups of patients with cancer. Combination with other therapeutic modalities, including anti-angiogenic agents, is one of the many strategies currently under investigation to improve the response rates and duration of immunotherapies. Such a strategy might seem counterintuitive given that anti-angiogenic agents can increase tumour hypoxia and reduce the number of blood vessels within tumours...
February 13, 2018: Nature Reviews. Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434038/poldip2-is-an-oxygen-sensitive-protein-that-controls-pdh-and-%C3%AE-kgdh-lipoylation-and-activation-to-support-metabolic-adaptation-in-hypoxia-and-cancer
#19
Felipe Paredes, Kely Sheldon, Bernard Lassègue, Holly C Williams, Elizabeth A Faidley, Gloria A Benavides, Gloria Torres, Fernanda Sanhueza-Olivares, Samantha M Yeligar, Kathy K Griendling, Victor Darley-Usmar, Alejandra San Martin
Although the addition of the prosthetic group lipoate is essential to the activity of critical mitochondrial catabolic enzymes, its regulation is unknown. Here, we show that lipoylation of the pyruvate dehydrogenase and α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (αKDH) complexes is a dynamically regulated process that is inhibited under hypoxia and in cancer cells to restrain mitochondrial respiration. Mechanistically, we found that the polymerase-δ interacting protein 2 (Poldip2), a nuclear-encoded mitochondrial protein of unknown function, controls the lipoylation of the pyruvate and α-KDH dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase subunits by a mechanism that involves regulation of the caseinolytic peptidase (Clp)-protease complex and degradation of the lipoate-activating enzyme Ac-CoA synthetase medium-chain family member 1 (ACSM1)...
February 6, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433520/intermittent-hypoxia-promotes-melanoma-lung-metastasis-via-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation-responses-in-a-mouse-model-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#20
Lian Li, Fangyuan Ren, Chao Qi, Leiqian Xu, Yinshan Fang, Maoli Liang, Jing Feng, Baoyuan Chen, Wen Ning, Jie Cao
BACKGROUND: Recently, increased tumor incidence and cancer-related mortality have been reported among patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Intermittent hypoxia (IH), the hallmark feature of OSA, contributes to the metastasis of tumors. However, the molecular mechanisms by which tumor metastasis is accelerated by OSA-like IH remain to be elucidated. METHODS: C57BL/6 J male mice were subjected to intravenous injection of B16F10 melanoma cells before receiving IH treatment...
February 12, 2018: Respiratory Research
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