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Schizophrenia h2 antagonists

Katarina Meskanen, Heidi Ekelund, Jarmo Laitinen, Pertti J Neuvonen, Jari Haukka, Pertti Panula, Jesper Ekelund
Histamine has important functions as regulator of several other key neurotransmitters. Patients with schizophrenia have lower histamine H1 receptor levels. Since a case report in 1990 of an effect of the H2 antagonist famotidine on negative symptoms in schizophrenia, some open-label trials have been performed, but no randomized controlled trial. Recently, it was shown that clozapine is a full inverse agonist at the H2 receptor. We performed a researcher-initiated, academically financed, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, randomized trial with the histamine H2 antagonist famotidine in treatment-resistant schizophrenia...
August 2013: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
Chihiro Ito
Schizophrenia (SZ) that is resistant to treatment with dopamine (DA) D2 antagonists may involve changes other than those in the dopaminergic system. Recently, histamine (HA), which regulates arousal and cognitive functions, has been suggested to act as a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. Four HA receptors-H1, H2, H3, and H4-have been identified. Our recent basic and clinical studies revealed that brain HA improved the symptoms of SZ. The H3 receptor is primarily localized in the central nervous system, and it acts not only as a presynaptic autoreceptor that modulates the HA release but also as a presynaptic heteroreceptor that regulates the release of other neurotransmitters such as monoamines and amino acids...
June 2009: Central Nervous System Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
Jean-Michel Arrang
With the availability of an increased number of experimental tools, for example potent and brain-penetrating H1-, H2-, and H3-receptor ligands and mutant mice lacking the histamine synthesis enzyme or the histamine receptors, the functional roles of histaminergic neurons in the brain have been considerably clarified during the recent years, particularly their major role in the control of arousal, cognition, and energy balance. Various approaches tend to establish the implication of histaminergic neurons in schizophrenia...
2007: International Review of Neurobiology
Neil B Sandson, Kelly L Cozza, Scott C Armstrong, Gabriel Eckermann, Bernard A Fischer, Barnell Phillips
Clozapine is not a drug that is ever used casually. Patients generally are afflicted with severe illnesses and have demonstrated treatment resistance and/or intolerance to other therapeutic options before clozapine is seriously considered. When the clinical stakes are this high, it is especially important that physicians gain an appreciation for the various drug-drug interactions that can significantly increase or decrease clozapine blood levels; such pharmacokinetic changes can derail clozapine treatment by producing clozapine toxicity or loss of antipsychotic efficacy, respectively...
March 2007: Psychosomatics
Sheila Seleri Marques Assunção, Sandra Inês Ruschel, Lucena de Cássia Rodrigues Rosa, João Alberto O Campos, Mercedes Jurema O Alves, Oswaldo Luis Bracco, Mauricio Silva de Lima
OBJECTIVE: Weight gain is associated with treatment with many psychotropic agents. Nizatidine, H2 receptor antagonist, has been proposed to have weight-reducing effects. This was a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of nizatidine in reducing/limiting weight gain in patients with schizophrenia who have been under treatment with olanzapine. METHOD: Patients receiving olanzapine (2 to 6 months) and weight gain >or= 5% of their body weight during olanzapine treatment were randomly assigned to receive nizatidine 600 mg or placebo for up to 12 weeks...
December 2006: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Nadeem H Bhanji, Howard C Margolese
Weight gain is a serious problem with recently introduced atypical antipsychotic agents. Nizatidine, a histamine2 (H2)-receptor antagonist, may help reduce this weight gain. To our knowledge, no adverse effects have been reported when nizatidine is given at recommended doses with atypical antipyschotic agents. We describe, however, an adolescent who was receiving quetiapine and paroxetine for schizophrenia and depression, and developed extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS; parkinsonism and akathisia) after taking nizatidine for weight loss...
July 2004: Pharmacotherapy
Michael Poyurovsky, Vered Tal, Rachel Maayan, Irit Gil-Ad, Camil Fuchs, Abraham Weizman
Olanzapine treatment is associated with substantial weight gain. In this double-blind placebo-controlled study we evaluated whether the H2 antagonist famotidine may prevent/attenuate olanzapine-induced weight gain. Fourteen first-episode DSM-IV schizophrenia patients were randomly allocated to receive either famotidine (40 mg/day, n=7) or placebo (n=7) in addition to olanzapine (10 mg/day) for 6 weeks. All patients completed the trial. Patients in both groups showed a similar increase in body weight (olanzapine/famotidine: 4...
August 2004: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
Murad Atmaca, Murat Kuloglu, Ertan Tezcan, Bilal Ustundag
It has been reported that nizatidine may reduce the weight gain in schizophrenic patients receiving olanzapine treatment. Previous studies have demonstrated a relation between olanzapine-induced weight gain and serum leptin levels. Therefore, in the present study, it was planned to investigate the efficacy of nizatidine on the treatment of olanzapine-induced weight gain, and if available, whether leptin levels were associated with reductions in weight gain. Of the patients with schizophrenia on olanzapine treatment, 59 who gave informed consent entered a 3 month open-label screening period...
August 2003: Human Psychopharmacology
Chi-Un Pae, Jung-Jin Kim, Kyung-Uk Lee, Chang-Uk Lee, Won-Myong Bahk, Soo-Jung Lee, Chul Lee, In-Ho Paik
A pilot study was conducted to evaluate the effect of nizatidine on olanzapine-associated weight gain (OAWG) in ten patients with schizophrenia and schizophreniform disorder in Korea. Psychometric ratings with positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) and brief psychiatric rating scale (BPRS) were measured at baseline, week 4 and week 8; as were weight and body mass index (BMI). A combination of nizatidine for 8 weeks resulted in significant reversal of weight gain without worsening the psychopathology (weight: 3...
August 2003: Human Psychopharmacology
Julie Birt
The prevalence of overweight and obesity in untreated patients with severe mental illness mimicks the trends seen in the general population. Furthermore, weight gain is likely to occur with the addition of pharmacotherapy with an antipsychotic. The literature does indicate that despite fundamental cognitive and psychosocial deficits seen in patients with severe and persistent mental disorders such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, it is possible to effectively manage weight gain in this population. In particular, behavioral interventions have been shown to be effective in the prevention and treatment of weight gain associated with antipsychotic therapy...
March 2003: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
E Sacchetti, L Guarneri, D Bravi
BACKGROUND: Olanzapine is temporally associated, in a number of patients with schizophrenia, with weight gain. H(2) antagonists, like nizatidine, have been shown to control appetite in overweight patients. METHODS: A patient with olanzapine temporally associated weight gain was treated with nizatidine as "add-on" therapy. RESULTS: Nizatidine treatment was associated with good control and subsequent reduction of weight after 4 to 5 weeks of therapy in a patient with repetitive episodes of weight gain during olanzapine treatment...
July 15, 2000: Biological Psychiatry
M C Martinez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use and potential benefit of famotidine in the management of schizophrenia. DATA SOURCES: Clinical literature accessed through MEDLINE (February 1998-October 1998). Key search terms included famotidine, schizophrenia, and histamine. DATA SYNTHESIS: Schizophrenia is a complicated disorder associated with high morbidity if left unmanaged. Histamine2 (H2)-antagonists may be an alternative to conventional treatments...
June 1999: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
S I Deutsch, R B Rosse, K A Kendrick, M Fay-McCarthy, J P Collins, R J Wyatt
The usefulness of the histamine-2 (H2) antagonist famotidine as an adjunct to conventional antipsychotic treatments of idiopathic psychotic disorders (i.e., schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder) was investigated in an open-label study. After stabilization for at least 1 week with their conventional antipsychotic medication regimen, 10 patients completed a 3-week study period in which famotidine (20 mg twice a day) was added as an adjunctive medication. The 10 patients were all somewhat treatment refractory and had spent a mean of 230 days of the previous 2 years in the hospital...
December 1993: Clinical Neuropharmacology
L A Linday
Famotidine (Pepcid, a histamine-2 receptor blocker, is marketed for the treatment of peptic ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux, and the treatment of pathological hypersecretory conditions, including the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Recent reports indicate that it is also effective in relieving the deficit (or withdrawal) symptoms of adults with schizophrenia. Autism, a neuropsychiatric disorder which presents within the first few years of life, is defined by deficient social interaction, communication, language, play, and a markedly restricted repertoire of activities and interests...
May 1997: Medical Hypotheses
R B Rosse, K Kendrick, M Fay-McCarthy, G D Prell, P Rosenberg, L C Tsui, R J Wyatt, S I Deutsch
Histaminergic projections innervate brain areas implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. In a previous open-label study, there was the suggestion that famotidine, and H2 histamine-receptor antagonist, possessed adjuvant therapeutic properties when added to the stable neuroleptic medications regimens of 10 treatment-refractory patients. In that study, the maximal dosage of famotidine was limited to 40 mg/day, the recommended maximal dosage for the treatment of peptic ulcer disease. In this study, we examined 18 patients fulfilling DSM-III-R criteria for schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder who had famotidine (100 mg/day) added to their stable neuroleptic medication regimen...
August 1996: Clinical Neuropharmacology
G Sturman
The first indication that histamine might be important in the functioning of the brain was the finding that the centrally penetrating histamine H1 antagonists had marked sedative properties. Subsequently with the development of more specific compounds and drugs for the H1, H2 and H3 receptors a greater understanding of the neurotransmitter/modulator role of histamine in the CNS has been possible. Histamine is now associated with wakefulness, suppression of seizures, hypothermia and emesis. The histamine H1 antagonists have been shown to potentiate opioid-induced analgesia, and modify eating and drinking patterns as well as endocrine secretions from the pituitary gland...
1996: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
P B Rosenberg, R B Rosse, S K Johri, K Kendrick, M Fay-McCarthy, J P Collins, L C Tsui, R J Wyatt, S I Deutsch
Smooth pursuit eye movements (SPEM) are often abnormal in schizophrenic patients and have been proposed as a trait marker of the disorder. We explored the use of SPEM as an outcome measure in an open-label clinical trial of famotidine, an H-2 antagonist, in patients with schizophrenia; famotidine has been proposed as an adjunctive medication, particularly for negative symptoms. Prior studies using SPEM as an outcome measure have not found a significant effect with "typical" neuroleptic medication, and one study found greater SPEM dysfunction with clozapine treatment...
June 1996: Clinical Neuropharmacology
R B Rosse, K Kendrick, L C Tsui, M Fay-McCarthy, J P Collins, P Rosenberg, R J Wyatt, S I Deutsch
Recent reports suggest some utility for famotidine, a histamine type 2 (H2) antagonist, in the treatment of schizophrenia. The current report describes a treatment-resistant patient with chronic undifferentiated schizophrenia whose most dramatic symptomatic improvements were temporarily related to the open-label addition of famotidine (40-100 mg/day) to conventional neuroleptic treatment (molindone 150-200 mg/day) over the course of approximately 10 months. During one 2-week interval, his symptoms were controlled with famotidine (40 mg/day) alone...
August 1995: Clinical Neuropharmacology
L K Oyewumi, D Vollick, H Merskey, C Plumb
Some patients suffering from schizophrenia fail to respond to or tolerate adequate doses of available antipsychotic medications. Thus, innovative pharmacotherapeutic approaches, such as augmentation strategies, play an important role in the management of these treatment-resistant patients. A recent case report suggested that the administration of famotidine to a patient suffering from schizophrenia with peptic ulcer disease was associated with improvement in the deficit symptoms of schizophrenia. Famotidine is a potent highly selective H2 receptor antagonist which crosses the blood-brain barrier...
March 1994: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
H Y Meltzer, M Maes, M A Lee
There is considerable interest in the role of serotonin (5-HT) in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and in the mechanism of action of clozapine, an atypical antipsychotic agent and a potent dopamine (DA), 5-HT2/5-HT1C and histamine (H) antagonist. Cimetidine, an H2 antagonist, produces robust, transient increase in plasma prolactin (PRL) levels in man following intravenous administration. This effect has been attributed, in part, to indirect central serotonergic mechanisms involving 5-HT2 receptors in the hypothalamus, but the evidence is inconclusive...
1993: Psychopharmacology
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