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Meera Bista
INTRODUCTION: Nasal packing is one of the most common rhinological procedures in ENT practice exerting local in nose and systemic effects. Systemic effects may be due to poor sleep quality, respiratory difficulty, decreased oxygen saturation, circulatory problems and toxic shock syndrome which can threaten the life of a person.The study was done to investigate the effect on bilateral nasal packing on blood oxygen saturation and blood pressure changes. METHODS: A cross-sectional prospective study was undertaken in Kathmandu Medical College from January 2017 to June 2017...
October 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
Farah Constantin, Patricia-Alexandra Niculescu, Oana Petre, Daniel Balasa, Alexandru Tunas, Ioana Rusu, Mihai Lupascu, Cristiana Orodel
Sinus infections can be complicated by ocular infections and, in late phases, by brain parenchyma infection. The article debates the case of a 12-year-old patient suffering from paucisymptomatic maxillo-spheno-ethmoidal rhinosinusitis, which was later complicated by orbital cellulitis, ending with the development of a brain abscess. The treatment is complex, initially targeting the source of the infection through draining the collection by middle maxillary antrostomy and anterior posterior ethmoidectomy, then the ablation of the brain abscess and postoperatively with prolonged massive antibiotherapy...
April 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
Waheed Atilade Adegbiji, Gabriel Toye Olajide, Anthony Oyebanji Olajuyin, Shuaib Kayode Aremu, Akanbi Ganiyu Olusola
BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis is a chronic and recurrent nasal condition. It is often neglected in children with late presentation. This study aimed at determining the prevalence, sociodemographic features, comorbid illnesses, complications and quality of life in children with allergic rhinitis in the study institution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective hospital based study of children with allergic rhinitis in Ekiti state university teaching hospital, Ado Ekiti...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Giulia Lorenzoni, Sekib Umihanić, Danila Azzolina, Emiliano Manza, Fuad Brkić, Dario Gregori
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed at analyzing the characteristics of FB injuries from Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H), a rapidly growing newly industrialized country, and to compare them with cases from European countries. METHODS: The analysis is based on FB injury cases included in the Susy Safe registry. Cases from the Ear-Nose-Throat (ENT) Clinic, University Clinical Center of Tuzla (B&H) were compared with cases from European countries participating in the Susy Safe project...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Fatih Alper Akcan, Yusuf Dündar, Hümeyra Bayram Akcan, Ahmet Uluat, Derya Cebeci, Mehmet Ali Sungur, İlhan Ünlü
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical role of Vitamin D in prognosis of Otitis media with effusion. METHODS: This prospective-controlled study was conducted at otolaryngology department in Duzce University, Turkey. The study group comprised children who were diagnosed with Otitis media with effusion between September 2016 and February 2017. Control group was conducted with children underwent circumcision or inguinal hernia repair operations that confirmed with ENT examination they do not have any sign of otitis media...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
L Pabla, J Duffin, L Flood, K Blackmore
BACKGROUND: Paediatric obstructive sleep apnoea is a common clinical condition managed by most ENT clinicians. However, despite the plethora of publications on the subject, there is wide variability, in the literature and in practice, on key aspects such as diagnostic criteria, the impact of co-morbidities and the indications for surgical correction. METHODS: A systematic review is presented, addressing four key questions from the available literature: (1) what is the evidence base for any definition of paediatric obstructive sleep apnoea?; (2) does it cause serious systemic illness?; (3) what co-morbidities influence the severity of paediatric obstructive sleep apnoea?; and (4) is there a medical answer? RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: There is a considerable lack of evidence regarding most of these fundamental questions...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Y C Lui Jonathan, P Sayal, G Prezerakos, V Russo, D Choi, A T H Casey
OBJECTIVE: This study reviews the management pathway and surgical outcomes of patients referred to and operated on at a tertiary neurosurgical centre, for dysphagia associated with anterolateral cervical hyperostosis (ACH) in diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH). PATIENTS & METHODS: Electronic patient records for 6 patients who had undergone anterior cervical osteophytectomy for dysphagia secondary to ACH were reviewed. ACH diagnosis was made by an Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) specialist and patients were referred to a neurosurgical-led multidisciplinary team (MDT) for review...
February 7, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Stephanie Tamdem Guetchueng, Lutfun Nahar, Kenneth James Ritchie, Fyaz Mahmood Daud Ismail, Andrew Robert Evans, Satyajit Dey Sarker
New clerodane diterpenes, 12- epi -megalocarpodolide D ( 2 ) and an epimeric mixture of crotonolins A ( 3 ) and B ( 4 ), were isolated from the bark of Croton oligandrus following a bioassay-guided isolation protocol. Known compounds, megalocarpodolide D ( 1 ), 12- epi -crotocorylifuran ( 5 ), cluytyl-ferulate ( 6 ), hexacosanoyl- ferulate ( 7 ), vanillin ( 8 ), acetyl-aleuritolic acid ( 9 ) and lupeol ( 10 ), were also isolated. The structures of the isolated compounds ( 1 - 10 ) were elucidated by spectroscopic means...
February 13, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
David Ulrich Seidel, Andreas M Sesterhenn, Karel Kostev
AIM: The goal of the present study was to analyze the seasonal variation of epistaxis in ear, nose, and throat (ENT) practices in Germany in 2016. METHODS: The present study sample included patients who received a first epistaxis diagnosis from physicians in 114 ENT practices in Germany between January 2016 and December 2016. The number of epistaxis patients per practice was calculated for each month. A logistic regression model, adjusted for age and sex, was used to calculate the association between epistaxis diagnosis and the month...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Ho Jae Kim, Juyoung Yoo, Seung Min Jung, Jason Jungsik Song, Yong Beom Park, Sang Won Lee
PURPOSE: We investigated whether red blood cell distribution width (RDW) predicts vasculitis activity based on Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS) or BVAS for granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) at diagnosis and poor prognosis during follow-up in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 150 patients with AAV. We defined severe GPA as BVAS for GPA ≥7 (the highest quartile)...
March 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
Don McFerran, Derek J Hoare, Simon Carr, Jaydip Ray, David Stockdale
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus service provision in the United Kingdom has been investigated from the healthcare provider's perspective demonstrating considerable regional variation particularly regarding availability of psychological treatments. An audiological-based tinnitus service, however, was reportedly available for all tinnitus patients in the UK. The aim of the current study was to define and evaluate nationwide tinnitus healthcare services from the patients' viewpoint. METHODS: Secondary analyses were performed on data from a 33-item questionnaire provided by the British Tinnitus Association...
February 13, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Sebastian Carnarius, Joachim Heuer, Jürgen Stausberg
OBJECTIVES: Primary care physicians and specialists deal with a wide range of diseases. The diagnoses are coded by using the annual version of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th revised version, German modification (ICD-10-GM). The aim of this study was to describe the current spectrum of documented diagnoses by physicians. Based on the underlying conditions, a broad variety of ICD-10-GM codes could be expected, which in many cases would not be coded to the final character (terminal)...
February 12, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
S Z Yang, C Y Zhou, F Wang, B C Sun, Z L Han, Y Shen, J H Han, H J Zhang
Objective: To explore the key technique and outcome of transoral radiofrequency ablation microsurgery for early stage of glottic carcinoma with anterior commissure involvement (ACI). Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 31 patients, who were diagnosed as early stage glottic carcinoma during January 2010 to March 2016 in ENT Department. According to whether the anterior commissure was involved or not, two groups were divided. There were eleven cases with ACI (stages T1a, T1b, and T2). Twenty cases without ACI (stages Tis, T1a, and T2)...
February 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Michael F Vaezi, David Katzka, Frank Zerbib
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The purpose of this review is to outline the recent developments in the field of extraesophageal reflux disease and provide clinically relevant recommendations. METHODS: The recommendations outlined in this review are based on expert opinion and on relevant publications from PubMed and EMbase. The Clinical Practice Updates Committee of the American Gastroenterological Association proposes the following recommendations: 1. The role of a gastroenterologist in patients referred for evaluation of suspected extra esophageal symptom is to assess for gastroesophageal etiologies that could contribute to the presenting symptoms...
February 7, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Amira Arciniegas, Ana-L Pérez-Castorena, Mariana Meléndez-Aguirre, José Guillermo Ávila, Ana María García-Bores, José Luis Villaseñor, Alfonso Romo de Vivar
The chemical study of Ageratina deltoidea afforded grandiflorenic acid (1), kaurenoic acid (2) and eight benzylbenzoates (3 - 10), two of them, 3',5'-dimethoxybenzyl 2,3,6-trimethoxybenzoate (5) and 4'-O-β-ᴅ-glucopyranosyloxy-3'-hydroxybenzyl 2,6-dimethoxybenzoate (9), described for the first time. In addition, the new sesquiterpene lactone deltoidin C (13), together with the known 11, and 12, the phenolic compounds: ayanin, 2,6-dimethoxybenzoic acid, methyl 3,4-dihydroxycinnamate, chlorogenic acid, and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid were also isolated...
February 10, 2018: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Emma Millar, Arthur Henderson, Angus Waddell
Adrenaline containing lidocaine preparations such as lignospan are routinely used in ear, nose and throat (ENT) care. Despite this, textbooks and internet resources warn against their use in peripheries, including the nose and ear. As a result, they are commonly avoided by other specialties, such as emergency medicine. This article reports on the findings of a review undertaken to assess the evidence of harm associated with using lignospan in the pinna and external nose. A literature search was carried out, and retrospective data were collected on all elective facial skin lesion surgery in the ENT department at the Great Western Hospital in Swindon between 2005 and 2015...
February 9, 2018: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
Samit Unadkat, Ashok Adams, Polly Richards, Yogesh Bajaj
Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) are expansile cystic lesions that can affect any bone of the body. Whilst these lesions are histologically benign, the lesions are locally aggressive and can affect the integrity of the affected bone as well as surrounding structures. ABCs arising in the head and neck region, particularly the paranasal sinuses are rare and they are limited to case reports in the literature. Due to the proximity of critical anatomical structures and the visual apparatus, the potential complications can be devastating...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Thomas Nijs, Y Maximilian Klein, S Fatemeh Mousavi, Aisha Ahsan, Sylwia Nowakowska, Edwin C Constable, Catherine Elizabeth Housecroft, Thomas A Jung
A comparative investigation of crystal growth from solution and on-surface assembly in vacuo between copper and three 4'-(2-R-pyrimidin-5-yl)-4,2':6',4''-terpyridines with R = H (1), Me (2) or Et (3) is presented. In solution, ligand 3 combines with copper(II) acetate or copper(I) triflate in MeOH solution to give [Cu2(OAc)4(3)]n or {[Cu(3)(OMe)(MeOH)][CF3SO3].MeOH}n. In [Cu2(OAc)4(3)]n, paddle-wheel {Cu2(μ-OAc)4} nodes direct the assembly of 1D-zigzag chains which pack into 2D sheets. In {[Cu(3)(OMe)(MeOH)][CF3SO3]...
February 9, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Andrea Lauková, Eva Styková, Ivana Kubašová, Soňa Gancarčíková, Iveta Plachá, Dagmar Mudroňová, Anna Kandričáková, Renata Miltko, Grzegorz Belzecki, Igor Valocký, Viola Strompfová
Probiotic bacteria or their antimicrobial proteinaceous substances called bacteriocins (enterocins) hold promising prophylactic potential for animal breeding. This study present the results achieved after application of Enterocin M in horses. Enterocin M has never been applied to horses before. Clinically healthy horses (10) were involved in this pilot experiment. They were placed in the stables of the University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Košice, Slovakia, with the approval of the University Ethics Committee...
February 7, 2018: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
Olusola Bodede, Shakira Shaik, Hafizah Chenia, Parvesh Singh, Roshila Moodley
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Senegalia nigrescens is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of dysentery and convulsions. AIMS OF THE STUDY: This study was aimed at identifying bioactive compounds from S. nigrescens and carry out in vitro and in silico anti-quorum sensing studies on the compounds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Extracts of S. nigrescens were chromatographed repeatedly. The isolated compounds were characterised using NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
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