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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444057/determinant-factors-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-std-aids-and-viral-hepatitis-among-youths-aged-18-to-29-years-in-brazil
#1
Miguel Barbosa Fontes, Rodrigo Campos Crivelaro, Alice Margini Scartezini, David Duarte Lima, Alexandre de Araújo Garcia, Rafael Tsuyoshi Fujioka
The scope of this study was to evaluate the vulnerability of Brazilian youths to STDs/HIV&AIDS and Viral Hepatitis. Interviews were conducted with 1,208 youths aged 18 to 29 in 15 states and the Federal District. The regional and national adjusted margin of error of the research was 2.8%. The study was approved by the School of Medicine of Brasilia University with support from PAHO and the Ministry of Health. A scale with 35 questions (knowledge, attitudes and practices) was the main dependent variable. Adjusted linear regression models identified the demographic and social determinant factors that explain scale variations...
April 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443804/25-oh-d-levels-in-relation-to-gender-overweight-insulin-resistance-and-inflammation-in-a-cross-sectional-cohort-of-northern-italian-workers-evidence-in-support-of-preventive-health-care-programs
#2
Luisella Vigna, Letizia Cassinelli, Amedea Silvia Tirelli, Irene Felicetta, Filomena Napolitano, Laura Tomaino, Michela Mutti, Claudia Eleonora Barberi, Luciano Riboldi
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, the welfare of workers and the prevention of chronic disabling diseases has become a topic of great interest. This study investigates serum levels of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in a cohort of overweight-obese and insulin-resistant northern Italian indoor workers in apparent good health followed a nutritional education program. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study on 385 patients (females = 291, males = 94), age range 18-69 years and body mass index (BMI) > 25 kg/m(2), was performed at the Department of Occupational Medicine Milan, Italy, latitude 45...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443701/evaluation-of-dietary-intake-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-metabolic-profile-in-women-with-mutation-in-the-lmna-gene
#3
Luciana Monteiro, Maria Cristina Foss-Freitas, Anderson Navarro, Francisco Pereira, Fernanda Coeli, Estela Carneseca, Renan Montenegro Júnior, Milton Foss
INTRODUCTION: Familial partial lipodystrophy (FPL) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by selective lack of subcutaneous fat, which is associated with insulin-resistant diabetes. The Dunnigan variety (FPLD2) is caused by several missense mutations in the lamin A/C (LMNA) gene, most of which are typically located in exon 8 at the codon position 482. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the dietary intake, leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), and biochemical measurements (glucose, A1C, and plasma lipids) in women with FPLD2 and without (control group, CG) and to examine the associations between dietary intake and biochemical measurements (BM)...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443487/objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-12-month-trajectories-of-neck-shoulder-pain-in-workers-a-prospective-study-in-dphacto
#4
David M Hallman, Marie Birk Jørgensen, Andreas Holtermann
AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the association between objectively measured physical activity at work and leisure and the intensity (mean level and time course) of neck-shoulder pain (NSP) over 12 months among male and female blue collar workers. METHODS: Data were obtained from 625 blue collar workers from the Danish cohort DPHACTO. Physical activity was measured objectively at baseline using accelerometers. The percentage of time spent in physical activity (walking, climbing stairs, running and cycling) was calculated for both work and leisure time...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442405/the-effect-of-active-video-games-on-cognitive-functioning-in-clinical-and-non-clinical-populations-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
REVIEW
Emma Stanmore, Brendon Stubbs, Davy Vancampfort, Eling D de Bruin, Joseph Firth
Physically-active video games ('exergames') have recently gained popularity for leisure and entertainment purposes. Using exergames to combine physical activity and cognitively-demanding tasks may offer a novel strategy to improve cognitive functioning. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to establish effects of exergames on overall cognition and specific cognitive domains in clinical and non-clinical populations. We identified 17 eligible RCTs with cognitive outcome data for 926 participants...
April 22, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442078/knee-pain-in-adolescents-prevalence-risk-factors-and-functional-impairment
#6
Mirelle O Saes, Maria C F Soares
OBJECTIVE: To investigate knee pain prevalence, associated factors, and functional impairment among adolescents. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study conducted between May and June 2014 with a random sample of 619 adolescents aged between 10 and 17 years. Knee pain prevalence was investigated using the Nordic Questionnaire for Osteomuscular Symptoms and a number of independent variables (demographic data, nutritional status, form of carrying backpacks, and pain during and after walking) obtained by self-report questionnaires...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441931/longitudinal-trends-in-self-reported-anxiety-effects-of-age-and-birth-cohort-during-25-years
#7
Susanna Calling, Patrik Midlöv, Sven-Erik Johansson, Kristina Sundquist, Jan Sundquist
BACKGROUND: Anxiety has been suggested to increase among young individuals, but previous studies on longitudinal trends are inconclusive. The aim of this study was to analyze longitudinally, the changes over time of prevalence of self-reported anxiety in the Swedish population between 1980/1981 and 2004/2005, in different birth cohorts and age groups. METHODS: A random sample of non-institutionalized persons aged 16-71 years was interviewed every eighth year. Self-reported anxiety was assessed using the question" Do you suffer from nervousness, uneasiness, or anxiety?" (no; yes, mild; yes, severe)...
April 26, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441691/the-shorter-the-person-the-higher-the-blood-pressure-a-birth-cohort-study
#8
Päivi E Korhonen, Hannu Kautiainen, Johan G Eriksson
OBJECTIVE: Short adult stature is known to be associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, but the underlying explanatory mechanisms remain largely unknown. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the relationship between height and blood pressure (BP), a major determinant of cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: We performed BP measurements including 24-h ambulatory BP measurements in 534 participants (mean age 61 ± 3 years, 51...
June 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440127/assessment-of-the-intraday-variability-of-anthropometric-measurements-in-the-work-environment-a-pilot-study
#9
Sara Bragança, Pedro Arezes, Miguel Carvalho, Susan P Ashdown, Celina Leão
Sitting for long periods of time, both during work and leisure times, is the typical behavior of the modern society. Especially at work, where there is not much flexibility, adopting the sitting posture for the entire day can cause some short- and long-term effects. As workers' productivity and well-being relies on working conditions, evaluating the effects caused by the work postures assumes a very important role. The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the variation of some anthropometric measurement during one typical workday to understand if the known long-term effects, can also be seen and quantified in an 8-hour period...
April 25, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434627/-sports-in-children-with-congenital-heart-diseases
#10
Gilles Bosser, Anne Moulin-Zinsch, Reem Fischer-Atalla
The practice of physical activity is one of the essential elements for health in general but also for the well-being and the quality of life. It is highly desirable to encourage physical activities in children with congenital heart diseases, taking into account all the benefits associated with this practice (quality of life, life expectancy) and this especially since these children often have limited capacity (due to their heart disease but also often by relative deconditioning). While there is a transient increase in risk of cardiac complications during intense activity, it would nevertheless be inappropriate to contra-indicate physical activities considering the well-known benefits in the medium and long term...
April 21, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430009/evaluating-questionnaires-used-to-assess-self-reported-physical-activity-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-survivors-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-a-cognitive-interview-study
#11
Amanda Wurz, Jennifer Brunet
Physical activity is increasingly being studied as a way to improve psychosocial outcomes (e.g., quality of life, self-efficacy, physical self-perceptions, self-esteem, body image, posttraumatic growth) among survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer. Assessing levels of and associations between self-reported physical activity and psychosocial outcomes requires clear, appropriate, and relevant questionnaires. To explore how survivors of AYA cancer interpreted and responded to the following eight published questionnaires: Leisure Time Exercise Questionnaire, Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale, Physical Self-Description Questionnaire, Rosenberg Global Self-Esteem Scale, Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire, Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General (FACT-G), RAND 36-Item Health Survey 1...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429601/later-life-preparation-patterns-on-depression-among-korean-baby-boom-generations
#12
Seok In Nam, Junpyo Kim, Jimin Shin, Arram Yim
The aim of this study was to examine the later-life preparation pattern of Korean baby boomers and its effect on depression. Using the fourth wave of Korean Retirement and Income Study, later-life preparation was measured by economic, physical, and psychological preparation, and leisure, and family relationship satisfaction. The data analysis included latent class analysis, correlations, multiple logistic regression, and analysis of variance. Later-life patterns of Korean baby boomers were classified as high-level (35...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Aging & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427376/gender-differences-in-walking-for-leisure-transport-and-in-total-across-adult-life-a-systematic-review
#13
Tessa M Pollard, Janelle M Wagnild
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to examine gender differences in walking for leisure, transport and in total in adults living in high-income countries, and to assess whether gender differences in walking practices change across the life-course. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted of publications dated 1995 to 2015. Papers providing quantitative data on participation in walking of both men and women aged at least 18 years in a high-income country were screened for the quality of the data on gender differences in walking...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427032/social-cognition-in-bipolar-disorder-focus-on-emotional-intelligence
#14
C Varo, E Jimenez, B Solé, C M Bonnín, C Torrent, E Valls, I Morilla, G Lahera, A Martínez-Arán, E Vieta, M Reinares
BACKGROUND: The present study aims to characterize emotional intelligence (EI) variability in a sample of euthymic bipolar disorder (BD) patients through the Mayer- Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). METHOD: A total of 134 euthymic BD outpatients were recruited and divided into three groups according to the total Emotional Intelligence Quotient (EIQ) score of the MSCEIT, following a statistical criterion of scores 1.5SDs above/below the normative group mean, as follows: a low performance (LP) group (EIQ <85), a normal performance (NP) group (85≤EIQ≤115), and a high performance (HP) group (EIQ >115)...
April 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423936/relationship-quality-and-distress-in-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Heidi Bjørge, Kari Kvaal, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Ingun Ulstein
This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between caregivers and care receivers, defined as home-dwelling family members with dementia. We used a self-rating questionnaire, the Felt Expressed Emotion Rating Scale (FEERS; 6 simple questions), to measure caregiver perceptions of the care receiver's criticisms (CCs) and emotional overinvolvement (EOI) toward the caregiver. We performed factor analyses to rank single items on the FEERS pertaining to CC and EOI. We included 208 caregiver/care receiver pairs...
May 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422585/validation-of-the-ipaq-against-different-accelerometer-cut-points-in-older-cancer-survivors-and-adults-at-risk-of-cancer
#16
Liane S Lewis, James Hernon, Allan Clark, John M Saxton
INTRODUCTION: The present study investigated the convergent validity of an interview-administered IPAQ long version (IPAQ-L) in an older population by comparison with objective accelerometry movement data. METHODS: Data from 52 participants (mean age 67.9 years, 62% male) were included in the analysis. Treadmill derived (TM-ACC: 1952-5724 cpm) and free-living physical activity (PA) derived (FL-ACC: 760-5724 cpm) accelerometer cut-points were used as criterion. RESULTS: IPAQ-L measures (total PA, leisure-time, walking-time, sedentary time) were significantly correlated with accelerometry (P≤0...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422370/leisure-riding-horses-research-topics-versus-the-needs-of-stakeholders
#17
REVIEW
Iwona Janczarek, Izabela Wilk
Horses intended for leisure riding do not undergo any selection and most often retired sports horses or defective horses are chosen, as a low selling price determines their purchase by a leisure riding center. Unfortunately, horses bought at low prices usually have low utility value, are difficult to handle, require a special or individual approach and do not provide satisfaction in riding. However, neither modern horse breeding nor scientific research address the need to breed horses for leisure activities...
April 19, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420004/hearing-loss-and-risk-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-findings-from-the-singapore-longitudinal-ageing-study
#18
Rebecca Heywood, Qi Gao, Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt, Lei Feng, Mei Sian Chong, Wee Shiong Lim, Philip Yap, Tih-Shih Lee, Keng Bee Yap, Shiou Liang Wee, Tze Pin Ng
AIM: To investigate the associations between hearing loss and prevalent and incident mild cognitive impairment (MCI), dementia and MCI or dementia (all cases). METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses of baseline and follow-up data were performed in a population-based cohort. The baseline sample of 2,599 adults aged ≥55 included 1,515 cognitively normal subjects who were followed up to 8 years. Hearing loss at baseline was determined by the whispered voice test, and MCI and dementia by Mini-Mental State Examination screening, Clinical Dementia Rating scale, neurocognitive tests, MRI, and panel consensus diagnosis...
April 19, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418720/effectiveness-and-outcomes-of-thermablate-endometrial-ablation-system-in-women-with-heavy-menstrual-bleeding
#19
Ghadeer Al-Shaikh, Ghada Almalki, Mujahed Bukhari, Amel Fayed, Hazem Al-Mandeel
Heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) is a common problem in women of reproductive age group with major impact on their quality of life (QoL). The aim was to study the short-term effectiveness of Thermablate Endometrial Ablation System (EAS) and its impact on QoL in women with HMB. This was a prospective cohort study conducted on consecutive 72 women suffering from HMB. The success rate was estimated and patients' QoL was compared before and after the procedure using the Aberdeen menorrhagia severity scale. The mean follow-up period was 18 months (6-24 months)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418165/physical-activities-impact-sense-of-coherence-among-community-dwelling-older-adults
#20
Takafumi Monma, Fumi Takeda, Tomohiro Okura
AIM: The objective of the present study was to investigate bidirectional longitudinal relationships between sense of coherence (SOC) and physical activities (PA) among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were sent to 508 community-dwelling adults aged 65-85 years who expressed their intention to participate in our surveys including cognitive function tests and physical performance tests. Of these, 427 people responded to the baseline survey, and 223 of them participated in the follow-up survey 1 year later...
April 18, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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