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Sonya Meyer, Sara Rosenblum
OBJECTIVE: We compared health-related quality-of-life (HRQOL) perceptions of children with celiac disease (CD) with those of their parents to determine whether their leisure participation differs from that of children without CD and whether relationships exist between leisure participation and HRQOL. METHOD: Children with CD and their parents completed a disease-specific HRQOL self-report questionnaire, the Celiac Disease DUX. These children and matched controls without CD completed the Children's Leisure Assessment Scale (CLASS)...
November 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Severiano R Silva, Rita Payan-Carreira, Miguel Quaresma, Cristina M Guedes, Ana Sofia Santos
BACKGROUND: In equids, health and welfare depend on body composition. A growing number of equids are now used as leisure and companion animals, and often found overfeed. The need for a close monitoring of body fatness led to the search for tools allowing a rapid and non-invasive estimation of fatness. This study intends to assess real-time ultrasonography (RTU) usefulness in establishing a relationship between ultrasound measures of subcutaneous fat-plus-skin thickness (SF-Skin) and body condition score (BCS) in horses and donkeys...
October 20, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Maria Alexandra Bighiu, Ann-Kristin Eriksson-Wiklund, Britta Eklund
The release of harmful metals from antifouling paints to water bodies is a well-known problem. In this study, we measured both the amount of biofouling growth on leisure boats during one season as well as the concentration of metals accumulated by the biofouling matrix. Furthermore, the efficiency of antifouling paints and mechanical boat cleaning as well as the effect of hull colour on biofouling were evaluated. Unlike paint residues, biofouling waste has never been regarded as a source of metal contamination and has previously been neglected in the scientific literature...
October 20, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Michał Bronikowski, Małgorzata Bronikowska, Beata Pluta, Janusz Maciaszek, Maciej Tomczak, Agata Glapa
The promotion of physical activity (PA) in children and their parents requires effective planning and sometimes even interventions. This study shows the effect of PA during a 15-week intervention program "Junior for Seniors" by applying a socioecological model to the interpretation of the data. This comprehensive approach emphasizes the fact that health promotion should focus not only on intrapersonal factors but also on the multilevel factors that might be determinants and modulators of increased PA. In 2015, 24 children ("juniors," 14 girls and 10 boys, aged M = 7...
2016: BioMed Research International
Ikram Bezrati, Raouf Hammami, Mohamed Kacem Ben Fradj, Domenico Martone, Johnny Padulo, Moncef Feki, Anis Chaouachi, Naziha Kaabachi
Vitamin D is thought to regulate skeletal muscle function and boost physical performance. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between vitamin D and physical performance in physically active children. This cross-sectional study included 125 children who practice football as a leisure activity. Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) was assessed using a chemiluminescence immunoassay method. Vitamin D inadequacy was defined as 25-OHD < 20 ng/mL. Physical performance testing included measurements of muscle strength (maximal isometric contraction), jumping ability (vertical jump, standing broad jump, triple hop test), linear sprint (10 m and 20 m), and agility (9 × 4-m shuttle run)...
July 13, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
M Henze, H Alfonso, L Flicker, J George, S A Paul Chubb, G J Hankey, O P Almeida, J Golledge, P E Norman, B B Yeap
AIMS: To investigate behavioural, physical and biochemical characteristics associated with diabetes in the oldest age group of elderly men. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of community-dwelling men aged 79-97 years from Perth, Western Australia. Lifestyle behaviours, self-rated health, physical function, and fasting glucose and HbA1c levels were assessed. RESULTS: Of 1426 men, 315 had diabetes (22%). Men with diabetes were of similar age to men without (84...
October 20, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Pekka Hautasaari, Andrej M Savić, Otto Loberg, Eini Niskanen, Jaakko Kaprio, Urho M Kujala, Ina M Tarkka
Associations between long-term physical activity and cortical function and brain structure are poorly known. Our aim was to assess whether brain functional and/or structural modulation associated with long-term physical activity is detectable using a discordant monozygotic male twin pair design. Nine monozygotic male twin pairs were carefully selected for an intrapair difference in their leisure-time physical activity of at least three years duration (mean age 34 ± 1 years). We registered somatosensory mismatch response (SMMR) in EEG to electrical stimulation of fingers and whole brain MR images...
October 19, 2016: Brain Topography
Kelly R Evenson, Fang Wen, Amy H Herring
The US physical activity (PA) recommendations were based primarily on studies in which self-reported data were used. Studies that include accelerometer-assessed PA and sedentary behavior can contribute to these recommendations. In the present study, we explored the associations of PA and sedentary behavior with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in a nationally representative sample. Among the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey cohort, 3,809 adults 40 years of age or older wore an accelerometer for 1 week and self-reported their PA levels...
October 19, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
Susann Weihrauch-Blüher, Stefanie Koormann, Jana Brauchmann, Susanna Wiegand
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity is - amongst other factors - due to changed leisure time habits with decreased physical activity and increased media consumption. However, electronic media such as tablets and smartphones might also provide a novel intervention approach to prevent obesity in childhood and adolescence. OBJECTIVES: A summary of interventions applying electronic media to prevent childhood obesity is provided to investigate short term effects as well as long term results of these interventions...
October 18, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Larry E Miller, William G Herbert
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a traumatic, life-disrupting event with an annual incidence of 17,000 cases in the US. SCI is characterized by progressive physical deconditioning due to limited mobility and lack of modalities to allow safe physical activity that may partially offset these deleterious physical changes. Approximately, 50% of patients with SCI report no leisure-time physical activity and 15% report leisure-time physical activity below the threshold where meaningful health benefits could be realized...
2016: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
Harri Hemilä
BACKGROUND: Vitamin E has influenced the immune system in laboratory studies. Dozens of animal experiments have found that vitamin E offered protection against infections caused by viruses and bacteria. Previously, significant heterogeneity was found in the effect of vitamin E supplementation on pneumonia in humans. The aim of this study was to examine how the effect of vitamin E on pneumonia risk depends on age. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention study in Finland, 1985-1993, was performed...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Yong Yang, Ana V Diez-Roux
PURPOSE: Studies on how the interaction of psychological and environmental characteristics influences walking are limited, and the results are inconsistent. Our aim is to examine how the attitude toward walking and neighborhood environments interacts to influence walking. DESIGN: Cross-sectional phone and mail survey. SETTING: Participants randomly sampled from 6 study sites including Los Angeles, Chicago, Baltimore, Minneapolis, Manhattan, and Bronx Counties in New York City, and Forsyth and Davidson Counties in North Carolina...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Robert B Shaw, Kylie D Mallory, Jane Arkell, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
BACKGROUND: The internet is an important information source for people with disabilities. Unfortunately, little is known about the quality of online leisure time physical activity resources provided for people with physical disabilities. OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of leisure time physical activity resources available online for people with physical disabilities. METHODS: A purposive internet search was conducted to locate Canadian-developed resources that promoted leisure time physical activity for people with physical disabilities...
September 13, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
T Thomsen, M Aadahl, N Beyer, M L Hetland, K Løppenthin, J Midtgaard, R Christensen, B A Esbensen
BACKGROUND: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) spend a high proportion of their waking time in sedentary behaviour (SB) and have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Reduction of SB and increase in light intensity physical activity has been suggested as a means of improvement of health in patients with mobility problems. Short-term intervention studies have demonstrated that SB can be reduced by behavioural interventions in sedentary populations. To evaluate descriptively the feasibility of recruitment, randomisation, outcome assessments, retention and the acceptability of an individually tailored, theory-based behavioural intervention targeting reduction in daily sitting time in patients with RA...
October 18, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Jonathan A Mitchell, Marsha Dowda, Russell R Pate, Katarzyna Kordas, Karsten Froberg, Luís B Sardinha, Elin Kolle, Angela Page
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine if moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) were independently associated with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) in children and adolescents. METHODS: Data from the International Children's Accelerometry Database (ICAD) were used to address our objectives (N=11,115; 6-18y; 51% female). We calculated age and gender specific body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) Z-scores and used accelerometry to estimate MVPA and total SB...
October 17, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Emily M Johnson, Kimberly A Barrie, Kyle Possemato, Michael Wade, April Eaker, Paige C Ouimette
OBJECTIVES: Describe outpatient mental health service use in a sample of recent combat Veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and hazardous alcohol use and investigate predictors of mental health care utilization. METHODS: In this prospective study, 126 Veterans with full or subthreshold PTSD and hazardous alcohol use completed a baseline assessment and reported mental health service use through a 12-month follow-up period. Logistic regressions were used to identify factors predicting mental health care utilization...
October 2016: Military Medicine
Ying Kuen Cheung, Yeseon P Moon, Erin R Kulick, Ralph L Sacco, Mitchell S V Elkind, Joshua Z Willey
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of exercise have focused on measuring physical activity in totality using summary statistics such as metabolic equivalent score for total intensity or total energy count. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the multidimensionality of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and to identify the specific LTPA components that were associated with cardiovascular mortality in the elderly. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: The Northern Manhattan Study (NOMAS) is a multiethnic prospective cohort of elderly stroke-free individuals consisting of a total of 3298 participants recruited between 1993 and 2001, with a median follow-up of 17 years...
October 17, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Catrinel Craciun, Uwe Flick
The present study explores views on aging and how these differ according to gender and precariousness status. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 10 men and 10 women with secure and insecure pensions. Themes like fear of illness and health decline were more present in men, while fear of losing their attractiveness in old age more present among women. For all participants, loss of autonomy and social roles represented a negative view of old age, while activity in the form of work, volunteering, or leisure represented positive views...
2016: Journal of Women & Aging
Thomas L McKenzie
Physical activity is place-based, and being able to assess the number of people and their characteristics in specific locations is important both for public health surveillance and for practitioners in their design of physical activity spaces and programs. Although physical activity measurement has improved recently, many investigators avoid or are at a loss regarding the assessment of physical activity in explicit locations, especially in open environments where many people come and go in a seemingly indiscriminate fashion...
October 17, 2016: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
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