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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087543/leisure-time-sport-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-children-age-6-13-a-2-5%C3%A2-years-prospective-cohort-study-the-champs-study-dk
#1
Charlène Chéron, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde, Christine Le Scanff, Eva Jespersen, Christina Trifonov Rexen, Claudia Franz, Niels Wedderkopp
OBJECTIVES: It is not known which sports are most likely to cause overuse injuries of the extremities in children. In this study, we report on the incidence of overuse injuries of the upper and lower extremities in children who participate in various leisure-time sports and relate this to the frequency of sport sessions. DESIGN: Natural experiment including a prospective cohort study. SETTING: 10 state schools in 1 Danish municipality: Svendborg...
January 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077346/the-use-of-motion-based-technology-for-people-living-with-dementia-or-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Erica Dove, Arlene J Astell
BACKGROUND: The number of people living with dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is increasing substantially. Although there are many research efforts directed toward the prevention and treatment of dementia and MCI, it is also important to learn more about supporting people to live well with dementia or MCI through cognitive, physical, and leisure means. While past research suggests that technology can be used to support positive aging for people with dementia or MCI, the use of motion-based technology has not been thoroughly explored with this population...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077119/physical-activity-levels-and-associated-socio-demographic-factors-in-bangladeshi-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mohammad Moniruzzaman, M S A Mansur Ahmed, Mohammad Mostafa Zaman
BACKGROUND: Low level of physical activity (PA) has become an important public health problem even in low-income countries. The objectives of this study were to measure PA levels, determine the prevalence of low PA and identify socio-demographic factors associated with it in Bangladeshi adults. METHODS: Data from 792 (urban, 395; rural, 397) Bangladeshi adults (25-64 years) were included in this population-based cross-sectional study conducted in 2011. Global Physical Activity Questionnaire version 2 (GPAQ-2) was used to measure PA...
January 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077106/age-of-onset-of-substance-use-and-psychosocial-problems-among-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders
#4
Anju Poudel, Sital Gautam
BACKGROUND: Substance use is generally initiated in adolescence or early adulthood and is commonly associated with several physical, psychological, emotional and social problems. The objective of this study is to assess the age of onset of substance use differences on psychosocial problems among individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) residing in drug rehabilitation centers. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional research design was carried out. Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) sampling technique was used to select the drug rehabilitation centers and all the respondents meeting the inclusion criteria of the selected seven rehabilitation centers were taken as a sample and comprised of 221 diagnosed individuals with SUDs...
January 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076591/urban-versus-rural-lifestyle-in-adolescents-associations-between-environment-physical-activity-levels-and-sedentary-behavior
#5
Manuela Ferreira Regis, Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenório de Oliveira, Ana Raquel Mendes Dos Santos, Ameliane da Conceição Reubens Leonidio, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz, Clara Maria Silvestre Monteiro de Freitas
Objective: To analyze the levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior in adolescents living in urban and rural areas. Methods: An epidemiological, cross-section study with quantitative design, carried out at the regional level. The sample comprised 6,234 students aged 14 to 19 years, selected using random cluster sampling. The χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used in the analysis. Results: A total of 74.5% of adolescents lived in urban areas...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074890/longitudinal-association-of-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviors-with-body-weight-among-chinese-adults-from-china-health-and-nutrition-survey-2004-2011
#6
C Su, X F Jia, Z H Wang, H J Wang, Y F Ouyang, B Zhang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Present study aims to longitudinally explore independent association of physical activity and sedentary behaviors with body weight. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This study included 15050 adults who have complete demographic and dietary data, leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and sedentary behavior evaluations, anthropometric measurements from longitudinal data of China Health and Nutrition Survey 2004-2011. Three-level mixed-effects linear and logistic regression models were performed for association analysis...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074110/an-exploratory-study-on-the-impact-of-daily-activities-on-the-pleasure-and-physical-activity-of-older-adults
#7
Miriam Cabrita, Richel Lousberg, Monique Tabak, Hermie J Hermens, Miriam M R Vollenbroek-Hutten
BACKGROUND: Pleasure is one determinant of intrinsic motivation and yet a dimension often forgotten when promoting physical activity among the older population. In this study we investigate the relation between daily activities and physical activity, experience of pleasure, and the interaction between pleasure and physical activity in the daily lives of community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Participants carried a hip-worn accelerometer during 30 consecutive days resulting in a total of 320 days of data collection...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073293/restricted-interests-and-autism
#8
Monica A Spear, Amanda Karsten, Emily A White
Researchers have yet to identify the conditions under which people diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder demonstrate restricted interests; it is possible that the impression of restricted interests is strengthened when a limited variety of items are included in a client's preference assessments. This study will extend past research on preferences of children with autism by (a) examining participants' preferences for unreplenished (familiar) play or leisure items versus items that are replenished frequently, (b) assessing if participants who prefer replenished items select items with properties that are matched or unmatched to their most preferred unreplenished item, and (c) assessing if participants who show an exclusive preference for unreplenished items will select replenished items during response-restriction and enhanced-replenished pool manipulations...
January 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070770/a-dance-intervention-for-cancer-survivors-and-their-partners-rhythm
#9
Maria Pisu, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Kelly M Kenzik, Robert A Oster, Chee Paul Lin, Sharon Manne, Ronald Alvarez, Michelle Y Martin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of a ballroom dance intervention on improving quality of life (QOL) and relationship outcomes in cancer survivors and their partners. METHODS: We conducted a pilot randomized controlled trial with two arms (Restoring Health in You (and Your Partner) through Movement, RHYTHM): (1) immediate dance intervention and (2) delayed intervention (wait-list control). The intervention consisted of 10 private weekly dance lessons and 2 practice parties over 12 weeks...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068931/self-perceived-uselessness-and-associated-factors-among-older-adults-in-china
#10
Yuan Zhao, Jessica M Sautter, Li Qiu, Danan Gu
BACKGROUND: Self-perceived uselessness is associated with poor health and high mortality among older adults in China. However, it is unclear which demographic, psychosocial, behavioral and health factors are associated with self-perceived uselessness. METHODS: Data came from four waves (2005, 2008, 2011 and 2014) of the largest nationwide longitudinal survey of the population aged 65 and older in China (26,624 individuals contributed 48,476 observations). This study aimed to systematically investigate factors associated with self-perceived uselessness based on the proposed REHAB framework that includes resources (R), environments (E), health (H), fixed attributes (A) and behaviors (B)...
January 9, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068147/do-wellness-tourists-get-well-an-observational-study-of-multiple-dimensions-of-health-and-well-being-after-a-week-long-retreat
#11
Marc M Cohen, Fiona Elliott, Liza Oates, Adrian Schembri, Nitin Mantri
BACKGROUND: Wellness retreats use many complementary and alternative therapies within a holistic residential setting, yet few studies have evaluated the effect of retreat experiences on multiple dimensions of health and well-being, and no published studies have reported health outcomes in wellness tourists. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of a week-long wellness-retreat experience in wellness tourists. DESIGN: A longitudinal observational study with outcomes assessed upon arrival and departure and 6 weeks after the retreat...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067190/leisure-activities-education-and-cognitive-impairment-in-chinese-older-adults-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#12
Xinyi Zhu, Chengxuan Qiu, Yi Zeng, Juan Li
BACKGROUND: We examine the association between leisure-time activities and the risk of developing cognitive impairment among Chinese older people, and further investigate whether the association varies by educational level. METHODS: This follow-up study included 6,586 participants (aged 79.5 ± 9.8 years, range 65-105 years, 51.7% female) of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey who were aged ≥65 years and were free of cognitive impairment in 2002...
January 9, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065496/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-daily-functioning-among-older-adults-with-hiv
#13
Raeanne C Moore, Christopher N Kaufmann, Alexandra S Rooney, David J Moore, Lisa T Eyler, Eric Granholm, Steven Paul Woods, Joel Swendsen, Robert K Heaton, J C Scott, Colin A Depp
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and initial validity of using smartphone-based ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to assess daily functioning and other behavioral factors among older HIV+ adults. METHODS: Twenty older HIV+ adults (mean age: 59 years) completed laboratory-based neurobehavioral and functional assessments then completed EMA surveys via smartphones five times per day for one week. RESULTS: Excellent EMA adherence (86...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064027/participation-of-adults-with-visual-and-severe-or-profound-intellectual-disabilities-definition-and-operationalization
#14
Gineke Hanzen, Ruth M A van Nispen, Annette A J van der Putten, Aly Waninge
BACKGROUND: The available opinions regarding participation do not appear to be applicable to adults with visual and severe or profound intellectual disabilities (VSPID). Because a clear definition and operationalization are lacking, it is difficult for support professionals to give meaning to participation for adults with VSPID. AIMS: The purpose of the present study was to develop a definition and operationalization of the concept of participation of adults with VSPID...
January 5, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062096/coastal-debris-analysis-in-beaches-of-chonburi-province-eastern-of-thailand-as-implications-for-coastal-conservation
#15
Gajahin Gamage Nadeeka Thushari, Suchana Chavanich, Amararatne Yakupitiyage
This study quantified coastal debris along 3 beaches (Angsila, Bangsaen, Samaesarn) in eastern coast of Thailand. Debris samples were collected from lower and upper strata of these beaches during wet and dry seasons. The results showed that Bangsaen had the highest average debris density (15.5m(-2)) followed by Samaesarn (8.10m(-2)), and Angsila (5.54m(-2)). Among the 12 debris categories, the most abundant debris type was plastics (>45% of the total debris) in all beach locations. Coastal debris distribution was related to economic activities in the vicinity...
January 3, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060994/joint-association-of-multimorbidity-and-work-ability-with-risk-of-long-term-sickness-absence-a-prospective-cohort-study-with-register-follow-up
#16
Emil Sundstrup, Markus Due Jakobsen, Ole Steen Mortensen, Lars Louis Andersen
Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the joint association of multimorbidity and work ability with the risk of long-term sickness absence (LTSA) in the general working population. Methods Cox regression analysis censoring for competing events (statutory retirement, early retirement, disability pension, immigration, or death) was performed to estimate the joint association of chronic diseases and work ability in relation to physical and mental demands of the job with the prospective risk for LTSA (defined as ≥6 consecutive weeks during 2-year follow-up) among 10 427 wage earners from the general working population (2010 Danish Work Environment Cohort Study)...
January 6, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056929/childhood-temperament-predictors-of-adolescent-physical-activity
#17
James A Janssen, Jacek Kolacz, Lilly Shanahan, Meghan J Gangel, Susan D Calkins, Susan P Keane, Laurie Wideman
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Many patterns of physical activity involvement are established early in life. To date, the role of easily identifiable early-life individual predictors of PA, such as childhood temperament, remains relatively unexplored. Here, we tested whether childhood temperamental activity level, high intensity pleasure, low intensity pleasure, and surgency predicted engagement in physical activity (PA) patterns 11 years later in adolescence...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054810/the-dynamic-effect-of-incentives-on-postreward-task-engagement
#18
Indranil Goswami, Oleg Urminsky
Although incentives can be a powerful motivator of behavior when they are available, an influential body of research has suggested that rewards can persistently reduce engagement after they end. This research has resulted in widespread skepticism among practitioners and academics alike about using incentives to motivate behavior change. However, recent field studies looking at the longer term effects of temporary incentives have not found such detrimental behavior. We design an experimental framework to study dynamic behavior under temporary rewards, and find that although there is a robust decrease in engagement immediately after the incentive ends, engagement returns to a postreward baseline that is equal to or exceeds the initial baseline...
January 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054097/prolonged-sitting-may-increase-diabetes-risk-in-physically-inactive-individuals-an-11%C3%A2-year-follow-up-of-the-hunt-study-norway
#19
Bjørn O Åsvold, Kristian Midthjell, Steinar Krokstad, Vegar Rangul, Adrian Bauman
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We examined the association between sitting time and diabetes incidence, overall and by strata of leisure-time physical activity and BMI. METHODS: We followed 28,051 adult participants of the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (the HUNT Study), a population-based study, for diabetes incidence from 1995-1997 to 2006-2008 and estimated HRs of any diabetes by categories of self-reported total daily sitting time at baseline. RESULTS: Of 28,051 participants, 1253 (4...
January 4, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053139/cuff-pressure-pain-detection-is-associated-with-both-sex-and-physical-activity-level-in-nonathletic-healthy-subjects
#20
Dag Lemming, Björn Börsbo, Anna Sjörs, Eva-Britt Lind, Lars Arendt-Nielsen, Thomas Graven-Nielsen, Björn Gerdle
: PURPOSE : The aim of this study was to evaluate pressure pain sensitivity on leg and arm in 98 healthy persons (50 women) using cuff algometry. Furthermore, associations with sex and physical activity level were investigated. METHOD:  Normal physical activity level was defined as Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire (GLTEQ) score ≤ 45 and high activity level as GLTEQ > 45. A pneumatic double-chamber cuff was placed around the arm or leg where a single chamber was inflated...
January 4, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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