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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149890/physical-activity-and-calorie-intake-mediate-the-relationship-from-depression-to-body-fat-mass-among-female-mexican-health-workers
#1
Amado D Quezada, Nayeli Macías-Waldman, Jorge Salmerón, Tessa Swigart, Katia Gallegos-Carrillo
BACKGROUND: Depression is a foremost cause of morbidity throughout the world and the prevalence of depression in women is about twice as high as men. Additionally, overweight and obesity are major global health concerns. We explored the relationship between depression and body fat, and the role of physical activity and diet as mediators of this relationship in a sample of 456 adult female Mexican health workers. METHOD: Longitudinal and cross-sectional analyses using data from adult women of the Health Workers Cohort Study (HWCS) Measures of body fat mass (kg from DEXA), dietary intake (kcal from FFQ), leisure time activity (METs/wk) and depression (CES-D) were determined in two waves (2004-2006 and 2010-2011)...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148322/the-health-care-job-engine-where-do-they-come-from-and-what-do-they-say-about-our-future
#2
Bianca K Frogner
Health care has been cited as a job engine for the U.S. economy. This study used the Current Population Survey to examine the sector and occupation shifts that underlie this growth trend. Health care has had a cyclical relationship with retail trade, leisure and hospitality, education, and professional services. The entering workforce has been increasingly taking on low-skilled occupations. The exiting workforce has not been necessarily retiring or going back to school, but appeared to be leaving without a job, with potentially more child care duties, and with high rates of disability and poverty levels...
January 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147456/prevalence-of-sun-protection-at-outdoor-recreation-and-leisure-venues-at-resorts-in-north-america
#3
Barbara J Walkosz, Michael D Scott, David B Buller, Peter A Andersen, Larry Beck, Gary R Cutter
Background: Exposure to solar ultra violet radiation (UVR) is a primary risk factor for skin cancer. Vacationers often fail to protect themselves from harmful UVR. Purpose: The study assessed the sun protection practices of resort guests in various outdoor leisure and recreation venues during warm-weather seasons. Method: 41 North American resorts were enrolled in a quasi-experimental randomized controlled trial. Adult guests were observed (n=4091) and surveyed (n=3694) in a cross sectional sample...
2017: American Journal of Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144964/biocultural-approach-of-the-association-between-maturity-and-physical-activity-in-youth
#4
André O Werneck, Danilo R P Silva, Paul Collings, Rômulo A Fernandes, Enio R V Ronque, Manuel J Coelho-E-Silva, Luís B Sardinha, Edilson S Cyrino
OBJECTIVE: To test the biocultural model through direct and indirect associations between biological maturation, adiposity, cardiorespiratory fitness, sadness, social relationships, and physical activity in adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted with 1152 Brazilian adolescents aged between 10 and 17 years. Somatic maturation was estimated through Mirwald's method (peak height velocity). Physical activity was assessed through Baecke questionnaire (occupational, leisure, and sport contexts)...
November 13, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142178/actual-consumption-amount-of-personal-care-products-reflecting-japanese-cosmetic-habits
#5
Masahiko Yamaguchi, Daisuke Araki, Takeshi Kanamori, Yasuko Okiyama, Hirokazu Seto, Masaki Uda, Masahito Usami, Yutaka Yamamoto, Takuji Masunaga, Hitoshi Sasa
Safety assessments of cosmetics are carried out by identifying possible harmful effects of substances in cosmetic products and assessing the exposure to products containing these substances. The present study provided data on the amounts of cosmetic products consumed in Japan to enhance and complement the existing data from Europe and the United States, i.e., the West. The outcomes of this study increase the accuracy of exposure assessments and enable more sophisticated risk assessment as a part of the safety assessment of cosmetic products...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140778/visual-communication-and-cognition-in-everyday-decision-making
#6
Claudine Jaenichen
Understanding cognition and the context of decision-making should be prioritized in the design process in order to accurately anticipate the outcome for intended audiences. A thorough understanding of cognition has been excluded from being a part of foundational design principals in visual communication. By defining leisure, direct, urgent, and emergency scenarios and providing examples of work that deeply considers the viewer's relationship to the design solution in context of these scenarios allows us to affirm the relevancy of cognition as a design variable and the importance of projects that advocate public utility...
November 2017: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136195/hour-by-hour-physical-activity-patterns-of-adults-aged-45-65-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
F M Jansen, G H van Kollenburg, C B M Kamphuis, F H Pierik, D F Ettema
Background: Limited information exists on hour-by-hour physical activity (PA) patterns among adults aged 45-65 years. Therefore, this study aimed to distinguish typical hour-by-hour PA patterns, and examined which individuals typically adopt certain PA patterns. Methods: Accelerometers measured light and moderate-vigorous PA. GIS-data provided proportions of land use within an 800 and 1600 m buffer around participant's homes. Latent class analyses were performed to distinguish PA patterns and groups of individuals with similar PA patterns...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136094/effects-of-multidomain-lifestyle-intervention-omega-3-supplementation-or-their-combination-on-physical-activity-levels-in-older-adults-secondary-analysis-of-the-multidomain-alzheimer-preventive-trial-mapt-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Philipe de Souto Barreto, Yves Rolland, Matteo Cesari, Charlotte Dupuy, Sandrine Andrieu, Bruno Vellas
Background/objectives: to investigate the effects of a 3-year multidomain lifestyle intervention, omega-3 supplementation or both on physical activity (PA) in older adults with subjective memory complaints. Design/settings/subjects: the Multidomain Alzheimer Preventive Trial was a 3-year randomised controlled trial that enroled 1,680 community-dwelling adults aged 70 years or over, with subjective memory complaints. Participants were randomised to omega-3 supplementation (total daily dose of 800 mg docosahexanoic acid and up to 225 mg eicosapentanoic acid), multidomain intervention (nutritional and exercise counselling and cognitive training), omega-3 plus multidomain intervention or placebo with usual care...
November 10, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135432/canadian-occupational-performance-measure-copm-in-primary-care-a-profile-of-practice
#9
Catherine Donnelly, Colleen O'Neill, Martha Bauer, Lori Letts
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand how the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM) can be used as an outcome measure in primary care and to identify the occupational performance profiles in this setting. METHOD: First, the COPM was administered to all eligible clients at two sites. Second, a focus group with participating occupational therapists explored the feasibility of using the COPM in primary care. RESULTS: A total of 161 COPMs were initially administered...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132648/leisure-time-domestic-and-work-related-physical-activity-and-their-prospective-associations-with-all-cause-mortality-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#10
Po-Wen Ku, Li-Jung Chen, Kenneth R Fox, Yi-Huei Chen, Yung Liao, Ching-Heng Lin
This study aimed to examine the prospective associations between total physical activity, leisure-time physical activity (LTPA), and domestic and work-related physical activity (DWPA) involving heavy physical labor, with all-cause mortality in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). A 7-year follow-up cohort design was used based on the data from the Taiwan 2005 National Health Interview Survey, which was linked to the 2005 to 2012 Taiwan National Health Insurance claims data. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard models were utilized to assess the associations between physical activity and all-cause mortality in 2,370 patients with CVD...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129459/reliability-and-validity-of-the-youth-leisure-time-sedentary-behavior-questionnaire-ylsbq
#11
Verónica Cabanas-Sánchez, David Martínez-Gómez, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, José Castro-Piñero, Julio Conde-Caveda, Óscar L Veiga
OBJECTIVES: To develop a questionnaire able to assess time spent by youth in a wide range of leisure-time sedentary behaviors (SB) and evaluate its test-retest reliability and criterion validity. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational. METHODS: The reliability sample included 194 youth, aged 10-18 years, who completed the questionnaire twice, separated by one-week interval. The validity study comprised 1207 participants aged 8-18 years. Participants wore an accelerometer for 7 consecutive days...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126583/effect-of-changes-in-physical-activity-on-risk-for-cardiac-death-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#12
Minna Lahtinen, Tomi Toukola, M Juhani Junttila, Olli-Pekka Piira, Samuli Lepojärvi, Maria Kääriäinen, Heikki V Huikuri, Mikko P Tulppo, Antti M Kiviniemi
Leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) is associated with longevity in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, less is known about prognostic significance of longitudinally assessed LTPA in patients with stable CAD. The present study assessed the relationship between changes in LTPA and cardiac mortality in patients with CAD. Patients with angiographically documented CAD (n = 1,746) underwent clinical examination and echocardiography at the baseline. Lifestyle factors, including LTPA (inactive, irregularly active, active, highly active), were surveyed at baseline and after 2 years' follow-up...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124947/activity-preferences-of-persons-with-dementia-an-examination-of-reports-by-formal-and-informal-caregivers
#13
Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Rachel Gavendo, Erin Blackburn
Objectives The aims of this study are (1) to describe the types of leisure activities preferred by persons with dementia in the past and present, as reported by family members and therapeutic recreation staff members, and (2) to examine the influence of demographic and functional abilities variables on the perceived current interest of persons with dementia. Method Family members of persons with dementia and therapeutic recreation staff involved in the care of those persons completed an activities preference assessment concerning the persons with dementia...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124366/interannual-water-quality-changes-at-the-head-of-a-tropical-estuary
#14
Cibele Rodrigues Costa, Monica Ferreira da Costa, Mário Barletta, Luís Henrique Bezerra Alves
Waters entering the small estuaries of the Brazilian north-east originate from drainage basins that cross semi-arid and tropical rainforest areas at various levels of use and conservation. Such rivers are often under heavy demand for water supply and other services, such as effluent dilution. The present study examines four consecutive years (2006-2009) of water quality-monitoring data divided by season (rainy and dry) just before the Goiana River enters its estuary. The environmental variables are largely controlled by rainfall patterns...
November 9, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122997/level-of-moderate-intensity-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-reduced-mortality-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-chinese
#15
Ying Liu, Wanqing Wen, Yu-Tang Gao, Hong-Lan Li, Gong Yang, Yong-Bing Xiang, Xiao-Ou Shu, Wei Zheng
BACKGROUND: Few studies have prospectively evaluated the association of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) with mortality in Asians, who are more susceptible to insulin resistance than their Caucasian counterparts. METHODS: Data from two large prospective cohort studies conducted in Shanghai were evaluated. After excluding participants who had a history of cancer, coronary heart disease or stroke at baseline, or who died within the first 3 years after study enrolment, 53 839 men and 66 888 women, followed for an average of 9...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122366/associations-between-residential-traffic-noise-exposure-and-smoking-habits-and-alcohol-consumption-a-population-based-study
#16
Nina Roswall, Jeppe Schultz Christensen, Pernille Envold Bidstrup, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Steen Solvang Jensen, Anne Tjønneland, Mette Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Traffic noise stresses and disturbs sleep. It has been associated with various diseases, and has recently also been associated with lifestyle. Hence, the association between traffic noise and disease could partly operate via a pathway of lifestyle habits, including smoking and alcohol intake. OBJECTIVES: We investigated associations between modelled residential traffic noise and smoking habits and alcohol consumption. METHODS: In a cohort of 57,053 participants, we performed cross-sectional analyses using data from a baseline questionnaire (1993-97), and longitudinal analyses of change between baseline and follow-up (2000-02)...
November 6, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122147/physical-activity-and-psychosocial-function-following-cardiac-rehabilitation-one-year-follow-up-of-the-enhanced-study
#17
Patrick J Smith, Andrew Sherwood, Stephanie Mabe, Lana Watkins, Alan Hinderliter, James A Blumenthal
OBJECTIVE: To examine the long-term association between physical activity (PA) and psychosocial functioning following completion of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) among participants in the ENHANCED study. METHOD: ENHANCED was a 3-month clinical trial examining standard CR with and without stress management training (SMT). Participants completed the Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire (LTEQ), Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II), and the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) at baseline, 3- and 12-months after randomization...
November 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120959/effect-of-total-domain-specific-and-intensity-specific-physical-activity-on-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-among-hypertensive-adults-in-china
#18
Mengyu Fan, Canqing Yu, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Xia Li, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Mingqiang Li, Xianzhi Li, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Jun Lv, Liming Li
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to prospectively examine the associations of total, domain-specific, and intensity-specific physical activity with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among Chinese hypertensive adults. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study in 150 391 hypertensive participants aged 30-79 years from the China Kadoorie Biobank study of 512 891 participants recruited from 10 diverse areas across China during 2004-2008. Participants with heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cancer at baseline were excluded...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117341/association-of-physical-activity-with-risk-of-major-cardiovascular-diseases-in-chinese-men-and-women
#19
Derrick A Bennett, Huaidong Du, Robert Clarke, Yu Guo, Ling Yang, Zheng Bian, Yiping Chen, Iona Millwood, Canqing Yu, Pan He, Xiangyang Zheng, Rory Collins, Junshi Chen, Richard Peto, Liming Li, Zhengming Chen
Importance: In China, the patterns and levels of physical activity differed from those in high-income countries. Substantial uncertainty remains about the relevance, both qualitatively and quantitatively, of domain-specific physical activity for cardiovascular disease (CVD) subtypes in Chinese adults. Objective: To assess the shape and strength of the associations of total, occupational, and nonoccupational physical activity with CVD subtypes in Chinese men and women...
November 8, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117151/changes-in-sports-participation-across-transition-to-retirement-modification-by-migration-background-and-acculturation-status
#20
Johanna-Katharina Schönbach, Manuela Pfinder, Claudia Börnhorst, Hajo Zeeb, Tilman Brand
While total physical activity decreases over the life course, sports and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) have shown to increase after transition to retirement. This paper aimed to investigate whether this change in sports participation differs (1) between non-migrant persons (NMP) versus persons with a migrant background (PMB), and (2) by acculturation status. Data was drawn from 16 waves of the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) including 2664 NMP and 569 PMB. PMB were grouped according to acculturation status (integrated, assimilated, marginalised, separated), assessed regarding three dimensions (language, social interaction and identification)...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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