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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645071/television-viewing-and-risk-of-mortality-exploring-the-biological-plausibility
#1
Mark Hamer, Thomas Yates, Panayotes Demakakos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Television (TV) viewing is a major component of leisure sedentary time, and has been consistently associated with cardiovascular disease. We examined the extent to which metabolic biomarkers explain the association between TV viewing and mortality. METHODS: Participants (N = 8,451, aged 64.8 ± 9.9 yrs) were drawn from The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), a national prospective cohort study of community-dwelling men and women living in England...
June 9, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645058/promoting-physical-activity-in-high-poverty-neighborhood-parks-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Deborah A Cohen, Bing Han, Kathryn P Derose, Stephanie Williamson, Terry Marsh, Laura Raaen, Thomas L McKenzie
Although physical activity can help mitigate or prevent multiple chronic diseases, most people in the U.S., especially high-poverty minority groups, engage in insufficient levels of physical activity. To test ways to promote more physical activity in high-poverty area public parks we conducted a randomized controlled intervention trial. After completing baseline measures of park-based physical activity using systematic direct observation three times/day each month for six months and assessing preferences for park programming among 1445 residents living within 1 mile of study parks, we randomized 48 parks in high poverty neighborhoods in the City of Los Angeles, California during 2013-2014 to four study arms: 1) free physical activity classes over a 6-month period, 2) a frequent user program where participants could win prizes based upon the number of visits they made to the park, 3) both the programs, and 4) neither one (control condition)...
June 3, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642215/what-motivates-young-adults-to-talk-about-physical-activity-on-social-network-sites
#3
Ni Zhang, Shelly Campo, Jingzhen Yang, Petya Eckler, Linda Snetselaar, Kathleen Janz, Emily Leary
BACKGROUND: Electronic word-of-mouth on social network sites has been used successfully in marketing. In social marketing, electronic word-of-mouth about products as health behaviors has the potential to be more effective and reach more young adults than health education through traditional mass media. However, little is known about what motivates people to actively initiate electronic word-of-mouth about health behaviors on their personal pages or profiles on social network sites, thus potentially reaching all their contacts on those sites...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640179/engagement-in-pleasant-leisure-activities-and-blood-pressure-a-5-year-longitudinal-study-in-alzheimer-s-caregivers
#4
Brent T Mausbach, Rosa Romero-Moreno, Taylor Bos, Roland von Känel, Michael G Ziegler, Matthew A Allison, Paul J Mills, Joel E Dimsdale, Sonia Ancoli-Israel, Andrés Losada, María Márquez-González, Thomas L Patterson, Igor Grant
OBJECTIVE: Elevated blood pressure is a significant public health concern, particularly given its association with cardiovascular disease risk, including stroke. Caring for a loved one with Alzheimer's disease has been associated with physical health morbidity, including higher blood pressure. Engagement in adaptive coping strategies may help prevent blood pressure elevation in this population. This 5-year longitudinal study examined whether greater participation in pleasant leisure activities was associated with reduced blood pressure in caregivers...
May 31, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637722/cross-sectional-surveillance-study-to-phenotype-lorry-drivers-sedentary-behaviours-physical-activity-and-cardio-metabolic-health
#5
Veronica Varela-Mato, Orlagh O'Shea, James A King, Thomas Yates, David J Stensel, Stuart Jh Biddle, Myra A Nimmo, Stacy A Clemes
OBJECTIVES: Elevated risk factors for a number of chronic diseases have been identified in lorry drivers. Unhealthy lifestyle behaviours such as a lack of physical activity (PA) and high levels of sedentary behaviour (sitting) likely contribute to this elevated risk. This study behaviourally phenotyped UK lorry drivers' sedentary and non-sedentary behaviours during workdays and non-workdays and examined markers of drivers cardio-metabolic health. SETTING: A transport company from the East Midlands, UK...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637260/associations-of-obesity-and-lifestyle-with-the-risk-and-mortality-of-bloodstream-infection-in-a-general-population-a-15-year-follow-up-of-64%C3%A2-027-individuals-in-the-hunt-study
#6
Julie Paulsen, Åsa Askim, Randi Marie Mohus, Arne Mehl, Andrew Dewan, Erik Solligård, Jan Kristian Damås, Bjørn O Åsvold
Background: Bloodstream infections (BSI) cause considerable morbidity and mortality, and primary prevention should be a priority. Lifestyle factors are of particular interest since they represent a modifiable target. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study among participants in the population-based Norwegian HUNT2 Survey, where 64 027 participants were followed from 1995-97 through 2011 by linkage to prospectively recorded information on BSI at local and regional hospitals...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637154/shoulder-pain-after-stroke-experiences-consequences-in-daily-life-and-effects-of-interventions-a-qualitative-study
#7
Ingrid Lindgren, Gunvor Gard, Christina Brogårdh
PURPOSE: To describe experiences of shoulder pain after stroke, how pain affects daily life and perceived effects of interventions. METHOD: A qualitative interview study including 13 community-dwelling persons (six women; median age 65 years) with persistent shoulder pain after stroke. RESULTS: Three categories emerged from the content analysis. In "Multiple pain characteristics" an insidious pain onset was reported. The pain existed both day and night and could be located around the shoulder girdle but also have radiation to the arm and hand...
March 3, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636838/searching-for-affective-and-cognitive-restoration-examining-the-restorative-effects-of-casual-video-game-play
#8
Michael A Rupp, Richard Sweetman, Alejandra E Sosa, Janan A Smither, Daniel S McConnell
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effects of a passive break, relaxation activity, and casual video game on affect, stress, engagement, and cognitive performance. BACKGROUND: Reducing stress and improving cognitive performance is critical across many domains. Previous studies investigated taking a break, relaxation techniques, or playing a game; however, these methods have not been compared within a single experiment. METHOD: Participants completed a baseline affective and cognitive assessment (ACA), which included the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, shortened version of the Dundee Stress State Questionnaire, and backward digit-span...
June 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636611/unmanned-aircraft-systems-as-a-new-source-of-disturbance-for-wildlife-a-systematic-review
#9
Margarita Mulero-Pázmány, Susanne Jenni-Eiermann, Nicolas Strebel, Thomas Sattler, Juan José Negro, Zulima Tablado
The use of small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS; also known as "drones") for professional and personal-leisure use is increasing enormously. UAS operate at low altitudes (<500 m) and in any terrain, thus they are susceptible to interact with local fauna, generating a new type of anthropogenic disturbance that has not been systematically evaluated. To address this gap, we performed a review of the existent literature about animals' responses to UAS flights and conducted a pooled analysis of the data to determine the probability and intensity of the disturbance, and to identify the factors influencing animals' reactions towards the small aircraft...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633992/eating-out-in-four-nordic-countries-national-patterns-and-social-stratification
#10
T B Lund, U Kjærnes, L Holm
Using a survey conducted in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) in 2012, we investigated whether eating out in cafés and restaurants in these countries is best characterized as a workday pattern activity or a leisure activity; and, whether frequent eating at cafés and restaurants is related to socio-demographic factors and factors relevant to the organization of daily life. We found that eating out is not a fundamental part of everyday eating. It is something which takes place occasionally...
June 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633654/physical-activity-and-associated-factors-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-adults-in-northern-tanzania
#11
Beatrice John, Jim Todd, Innocent Mboya, Mary Mosha, Mark Urassa, Tara Mtuy
BACKGROUND: Insufficient physical activity (PA) is a major contributing factor in the growing problem of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in urban and rural Sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed to determine PA and associated factors among adults in Northern Tanzania. METHODS: We analyzed secondary data from a cross-sectional serological survey nested within the Magu health and demographic sentinel surveillance population in Magu District Northwestern Tanzania. All resident adults aged 15 years and older were invited to participate in the study, and physical activity data were analyzed for 5663 participants...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628285/-fibromyalgia-state-of-the-issue-in-2017
#12
REVIEW
A Neuprez, J-M Crielaard
Fibromyalgia (FM), whose diagnostic criteria were originally established in 1990 and updated in 2010, consists of a syndrome characterized by the presence of deep and diffuse musculoskeletal pain associated with other subjective manifestations (sleep, mood, cognitive problems). The prevalence is assessed in the general population at 2.2 %. Various risk factors were identified: age, gender, level of education and socio-economic status. Various etiological hypotheses have been explored, whether in neuroimaging or from the point of view of possible neuroendocrine and cytokine perturbations...
June 2017: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628056/time-for-self-care-downtime-recovery-as-a-buffer-of-work-and-home-family-time-pressures
#13
Alicia G Dugan, Janet L Barnes-Farrell
OBJECTIVE: Opportunities for people to recover from stress are insufficient, because demanding and excessive life activities leave little time for recovery. Downtime is a self-care behavior that can occur in any life domain (ie, work, home/family, leisure). METHODS: Using survey data from a cross-section of 422 U.S. workers, we tested hypotheses regarding downtime as a buffer of the effects of time pressure and whether downtime's benefits were related to the domain in which it was taken, or influenced by perceived time control...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626806/a-brief-measure-to-predict-exercise-behavior-the-archer-garcia-ratio
#14
Danilo Garcia, Thiago Medeiros da Costa Daniele, Trevor Archer
BACKGROUND: Different forms of conscious and planned physical exercise and activity that individuals perform improve not only physical but also psychological health, well-being, and both physical and intellectual performance. Here we put forward and test the predictive validity of the Archer-Garcia Ratio, a brief measure for exercise frequency computed using participants' responses to two questions. METHOD: The participants (N = 158) were recruited from a training facility in the south of Sweden...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625942/cognitive-stimulation-in-healthy-older-adults-a-cognitive-stimulation-program-using-leisure-activities-compared-to-a-conventional-cognitive-stimulation-program
#15
Élisabeth Grimaud, Laurence Taconnat, David Clarys
The aim of this study was to compare two methods of cognitive stimulation for the cognitive functions. The first method used an usual approach, the second used leisure activities in order to assess their benefits on cognitive functions (speed of processing; working memory capacity and executive functions) and psychoaffective measures (memory span and self esteem). 67 participants over 60 years old took part in the experiment. They were divided into three groups: 1 group followed a program of conventional cognitive stimulation, 1 group a program of cognitive stimulation using leisure activities and 1 control group...
June 1, 2017: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625195/consistency-matters-consistency-in-the-timing-and-quality-of-daily-interactions-between-parents-and-adolescents-predicts-production-of-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-youths
#16
Erika M Manczak, Adam K K Leigh, Chia-Ping Chin, Edith Chen
The current study examined whether consistency in day-to-day interactions between children and parents related to inflammatory cytokine production in youths. One hundred twenty-three parents recorded the daily quality of interactions and timing of leisure activities with their adolescent children for 2 weeks, and the degree of variability in those ratings was calculated. One year later, the production of proinflammatory cytokines in youths' blood was measured in response to in vitro exposure to lipopolysaccharide (a bacterial product)...
June 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624711/does-the-powers%C3%A2-strap-influence-the-lower-limb-biomechanics-during-running
#17
Henrike Greuel, Lee Herrington, Anmin Liu, Richard K Jones
Previous research has reported a prevalence of running related injuries in 25.9% to 72% of all runners. A greater hip internal rotation and adduction during the stance phase in running has been associated with many running related injuries, such as patellofemoral pain. Researchers in the USA designed a treatment device 'the Powers™ strap' to facilitate an external rotation of the femur and to thereby control abnormal hip and knee motion during leisure and sport activities. However, to date no literature exists to demonstrate whether the Powers™ strap is able to reduce hip internal rotation during running...
June 3, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624676/predictors-of-daily-life-suicidal-ideation-in-adults-recently-discharged-after-a-serious-suicide-attempt-a-pilot-study
#18
Mathilde Husky, Joel Swendsen, Adela Ionita, Isabelle Jaussent, Catherine Genty, Philippe Courtet
The aims of the study are to examine the predictive role of fluctuations in daily life mood, social contexts, and behavior on subsequent suicidal ideation (SI); and to identify clinical and psychological factors associated with the general frequency of SI in a high-risk sample. The sample comprised 42 adults (73.8% female) hospitalized for a suicide attempt. Immediately following hospital discharge, they used Ecological Momentary Assessment for seven consecutive days, providing repeated measures of SI, environmental, contextual, and behavioral factors...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624118/decreasing-patient-stress-and-physician-medical-workforce-burnout-through-health-care-environments-uncovering-the-serious-leisure-perspective-at-mayo-clinic-s-campus-in-rochester-minnesota
#19
REVIEW
Rodney B Dieser, Christopher R Edginton, Renee Ziemer
Health care environments are places of high stress for both patients and medical professionals. Although organizational efforts of workload and efficiency are often implemented to decrease both patient and physician/medical workforce stress, what is often overlooked is how leisure opportunities and programs located in day-to-day experiences and in physically built environments can increase both patient and medical staff enjoyment and pleasure, thus lowering patient stress and physician/medical staff burnout...
June 9, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623865/deriving-low-risk-gambling-limits-from-longitudinal-data-collected-in-two-independent-canadian-studies
#20
Shawn R Currie, David C Hodgins, David M Casey, Nady El-Guebaly, Garry J Smith, Robert J Williams, Don P Schopflocher
AIMS: To derive low-risk gambling limits using the method developed by Currie et al. (2006) applied to longitudinal data. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from the Quinte Longitudinal Study (N = 3054) and Leisure, Lifestyle, and Lifecycle Project (N = 809), two independently conducted cohort studies of the natural progression of gambling in Canadian adults. SETTING: Community dwelling adults in Southeastern Ontario and Alberta, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: 3863 adults (50% male; median age = 44) who reported gambling in the past year...
June 17, 2017: Addiction
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