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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792209/associations-of-discretionary-screen-time-with-mortality-cardiovascular-disease-and-cancer-are-attenuated-by-strength-fitness-and-physical-activity-findings-from-the-uk-biobank-study
#1
Carlos A Celis-Morales, Donald M Lyall, Lewis Steell, Stuart R Gray, Stamatina Iliodromiti, Jana Anderson, Daniel F Mackay, Paul Welsh, Thomas Yates, Jill P Pell, Naveed Sattar, Jason M R Gill
BACKGROUND: Discretionary screen time (time spent viewing a television or computer screen during leisure time) is an important contributor to total sedentary behaviour, which is associated with increased risk of mortality and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of this study was to determine whether the associations of screen time with cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality were modified by levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, grip strength or physical activity. METHODS: In total, 390,089 participants (54% women) from the UK Biobank were included in this study...
May 24, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792132/relationships-of-musculoskeletal-symptoms-sociodemographics-and-body-mass-index-with-leisure-time-physical-activity-among-nurses
#2
Soohyun Nam, MinKyoung Song, Soo-Jeong Lee
Nurses have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms from patient handling tasks such as lifting, transferring, and repositioning. Comorbidities such as musculoskeletal symptoms may negatively affect engagement in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA). However, limited data are available on the relationship between musculoskeletal symptoms and LTPA among nurses. The purpose of this study was to describe musculoskeletal symptoms and LTPA, and to examine the relationships of musculoskeletal symptoms, sociodemographics, and body mass index with LTPA among nurses...
May 1, 2018: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792130/weekday-weekend-variations-in-mother-father-child-physical-activity-and-screen-time-relationship-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-random-sample-of-czech-families-with-5-to-12-year-old-children
#3
Dagmar Sigmundová, Petr Badura, Erik Sigmund, Jens Bucksch
This study assessed the associations between these factors in a random sample of Czech families with preschool and school-aged children. A nationally representative sample comprised 185 families with preschool children and 649 families with school-aged children (dyads; both parents and child n = 365, mother and child n = 730, and father and child n = 469). The participants wore Yamax Digiwalker SW-200 pedometers at least four weekdays and both weekend days and completed family logbooks (anthropometric parameters, daily step counts (SC), and screen time (ST))...
May 23, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791529/prevalence-and-correlates-of-insufficient-physical-activity-in-school-adolescents-in-peru
#4
Bimala Sharma, Rosemary Cosme Chavez, Eun Woo Nam
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence and correlates of insufficient physical activity in adolescents in Peru. METHODS We used a self-administered questionnaire developed from Global school-based Student Health Survey to collect information from secondary school students in North Lima and Callao in 2015. We carried out Poisson regression with robust variance using generalized linear models to estimate the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (APR) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of insufficient physical activity for its correlates...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790409/postural-stability-and-physical-activity-of-workers-working-at-height
#5
Magdalena Cyma, Katarzyna Marciniak, Maciej Tomczak, Rafał Stemplewski
The purpose of the study was to analyze the level of postural stability and physical activity of at-height workers. The study included 34 healthy men aged 25-43. Two groups were identified based on the type of work they performed: at-height workers (HW) ( n = 17), and office workers (OW) ( n = 17). Physical activity, including physical activity at work, sports activity, and leisure, was assessed with a Baecke questionnaire. For evaluation of postural stability, the one-leg standing test with eyes open and closed was used...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789281/internet-and-social-media-access-among-youth-experiencing-homelessness-mixed-methods-study
#6
Lauren A Houdek VonHoltz, Rosemary Frasso, Jesse M Golinkoff, Alicia J Lozano, Alexandra Hanlon, Nadia Dowshen
BACKGROUND: Youth experiencing homelessness are at a risk for a variety of adverse outcomes. Given the widespread use of the internet and social media, these new technologies may be used to address their needs and for outreach purposes. However, little is known about how this group uses these resources. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated how homeless adolescents use these technologies for general and health-related purposes, whether the scope of their use changes with housing status, and their interest in a website dedicated to youth experiencing homelessness...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787701/the-effect-of-sleep-quality-on-academic-performance-is-mediated-by-internet-use-time-dados-study
#7
Mireia Adelantado-Renau, Ana Diez-Fernandez, Maria Reyes Beltran-Valls, Alberto Soriano-Maldonado, Diego Moliner-Urdiales
OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present study were to analyze the association of sleep patterns with academic and cognitive performance in adolescents, and to test the potential mediating effect of different activities of screen media usage on this association. METHODS: A sample of 269 adolescents (140 boys) aged 14 years from the baseline data of the DADOS (Deporte, ADOlescencia y Salud). Study completed questionnaires about sleep quality, cognitive performance, and leisure-time sedentary behaviors...
May 19, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787482/physical-performance-in-relation-to-menopause-status-and-physical-activity
#8
Dmitriy Bondarev, Eija K Laakkonen, Taija Finni, Katja Kokko, Urho M Kujala, Pauliina Aukee, Vuokko Kovanen, Sarianna Sipilä
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine differences in physical performance (muscle power, muscle strength, aerobic capacity, and walking speed) across menopausal stages and potential of leisure physical activity (PA) to modify the impact of menopause on physical performance. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, women aged 47 to 55 were randomly selected from the Finnish National Registry and categorized as premenopausal (n = 233), perimenopausal (n = 381), or postmenopausal (n = 299) based on serum concentrations of follicle-stimulating hormone and bleeding diary...
May 21, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786680/-the-comprehensive-evaluation-of-the-bioclimatic-comfort-at-the-territories-of-the-russian-far-east-with-reference-to-winter-time-recreational-activities-and-primary-wellness-tourism
#9
N M Pestereva, A F Khechumyan, N Vorozbit
BACKGROUND: in the framework of the current tendency toward the further development of the socio-economic sphere in the Russian Far East (RFE), the relevant investigations aimed at creating the comfortable conditions for recreational and touristic activities as well as for rehabilitative therapy of the local population acquire the increasingly greater importance. AIM: The objective of the present study was the comprehensive evaluation of the bioclimatic comfort at the territories of interest with special reference to winter-time recreational activities and primary wellness tourism...
May 21, 2018: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783244/some-features-of-the-behavior-of-alcohol-dependent-persons
#10
Ihor М Karpinets, Oksana V Marusyn
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Alcoholism is characterized by psychological dependence and changes in human behavior, which affects the person's relationship with the social environment. The aim: to determine the behavior of alcohol dependent persons basing on the retrospective study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: On the basis of narcological offices of healthcare establishments and narcological clinic in Ivano-Frankivsk oblast, 552 people being in follow-up by a narcologist as addicted or abused have been examined for a specially developed extended program based on a standardized AUDIT screening test...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781577/-googling-gout-exploring-perceptions-about-gout-through-a-linguistic-analysis-of-online-search-activities
#11
Kayla N Jordan, James W Pennebaker, Keith J Petrie, Nicola Dalbeth
AIMS: To understand what terms people seeking information about gout use most frequently in online searches and explore the psychological and emotional tone of these searches. METHODS: A large de-identified dataset of search histories from major search engines was analyzed. Participants who searched for gout (n=1,117), arthritis (arthritis search control group, n=2,036, age and sex-matched), and a random set of age and sex-matched participants (general control group, n=2,150) were included...
May 21, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778778/swimming-improves-cognitive-reserve-in-ovariectomized-rats-and-enhances-neuroprotection-after-global-cerebral-ischemia
#12
Meng Zhang, Yating Zhai, Yaping Sun, Wenli Zhang, Qian Li, Darrell Brann, Ruimin Wang
Cognitive reserve has been proposed to account for different responses to brain damage or pathology. Factors implicated to influence cognitive reserve include cognitive engagement, physical activity, leisure activities, stress levels, and diet. Furthermore, long-term ovariectomy (OVX), such as occurs in women that have underwent surgical menopause, has been reported to increase the risk of cognitive impairment. In the current study, we examined whether swimming improves cognitive function in long-term OVX-rats...
May 17, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776621/relationship-between-sleep-duration-and-self-reported-health-related-quality-of-life-among-us-adults-with-or-without-major-chronic-diseases-2014
#13
Yong Liu, Anne G Wheaton, Janet B Croft, Fang Xu, Timothy J Cunningham, Kurt J Greenlund
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between sleep duration and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among adults with or without chronic conditions. METHODS: Using the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we analyzed self-reported data from adult respondents aged ≥18 years with (n=277,757, unhealthy group) and without (n=172,052. healthy group) reported history of any of nine chronic conditions (coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, asthma, arthritis, depression, chronic kidney disease)...
June 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771308/what-do-older-people-do-when-sitting-and-why-implications-for-decreasing-sedentary-behavior
#14
Victoria J Palmer, Cindy M Gray, Claire F Fitzsimons, Nanette Mutrie, Sally Wyke, Ian J Deary, Geoff Der, Sebastien F M Chastin, Dawn A Skelton
Background and Objectives: Sitting less can reduce older adults' risk of ill health and disability. Effective sedentary behavior interventions require greater understanding of what older adults do when sitting (and not sitting), and why. This study compares the types, context, and role of sitting activities in the daily lives of older men and women who sit more or less than average. Research Design and Methods: Semistructured interviews with 44 older men and women of different ages, socioeconomic status, and objectively measured sedentary behavior were analyzed using social practice theory to explore the multifactorial, inter-relational influences on their sedentary behavior...
May 15, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770553/pilot-randomized-trial-of-a-volitional-help-sheet-based-tool-to-increase-leisure-time-physical-activity-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#15
Janine Chapman, Chloe Fletcher, Ingrid Flight, Carlene Wilson
OBJECTIVES: To develop and test a volitional help sheet-based tool to improve physical activity in breast cancer survivors compared to a standard self-generated implementation intention intervention. DESIGN: Pilot randomized trial conducted online over 3 months. METHODS: Participants were randomized to an online volitional help sheet (n = 50) or implementation intention (n = 51) intervention. Measures were taken at baseline, 1 and 3 months...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768128/the-importance-of-emotional-intelligence-and-cognitive-style-in-institutionalized-older-adults-quality-of-life
#16
Octavio Luque-Reca, Manuel Pulido-Martos, Esther Lopez-Zafra, José M Augusto-Landa
Despite previous evidence showing a positive relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and quality of life (QoL), associating older adults' emotional processing with several health indicators, few studies have explored both the IE and the a mechanisms through which they affect QoL. This cross-sectional study analyzes the mediator role of optimistic and pessimistic cognitive styles in the relationship between perceived EI (PEI) and QoL in 115 institutionalized older adults from Southern Spain. Regression analyses showed, after controlling for cognitive style, that PEI predicted a significant percentage of variance in: Health (β = ...
April 2018: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767805/is-social-support-always-related-to-stress-reduction-in-nursing-home-residents-a-study-in-leisure-contexts
#17
Liang-Chih Chang
The current study examined the main and interaction effects of leisure self-determination and two leisure social support types (emotional and instrumental) on stress in nursing home residents. A total of 139 nursing home residents (mean age = 79.4 years) in Taichung City, Taiwan, were recruited. Data were collected using face-to-face surveys, which included measures of leisure self-determination, leisure emotional support, leisure instrumental support, and stress. Data were analyzed using a hierarchical regression analysis...
May 16, 2018: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767384/understanding-physical-activity-through-interactions-between-the-built-environment-and-social-cognition-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Ryan E Rhodes, Brian E Saelens, Claire Sauvage-Mar
BACKGROUND: Few people in most developed nations engage in regular physical activity (PA), despite its well-established health benefits. Socioecological models highlight the potential interaction of multiple factors from policy and the built environment to individual social cognition in explaining PA. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review was to appraise this interaction tenet of the socioecological model between the built environment and social cognition to predict PA...
May 16, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765935/experiences-during-a-psychoeducational-intervention-program-run-in-a-pediatric-ward-a-qualitative-study
#19
Paula Magalhães, Rosa Mourão, Raquel Pereira, Raquel Azevedo, Almerinda Pereira, Madalena Lopes, Pedro Rosário
Hospitalization, despite its duration, is likely to result in emotional, social, and academic costs to school-age children and adolescents. Developing adequate psychoeducational activities and assuring inpatients' own class teachers' collaboration, allows for the enhancement of their personal and emotional competences and the maintenance of a connection with school and academic life. These educational programs have been mainly designed for patients with long stays and/or chronic conditions, in the format of Hospital Schools, and typically in pediatric Hospitals...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765577/perception-of-family-caregivers-about-barriers-of-leisure-in-care-of-individuals-with-chronic-psychiatric-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#20
Batool Mandani, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Hosseini, Ashraf Karbalaie Noori, Mohammad Reza Khodaie Ardakani
Background: Family caregivers of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders play an important role in the management of the patient's conditions, which interferes with other activities of daily living, work, social and leisure activities. Objective: This study was conducted in an Iranian context to explore the perception of family caregivers about barriers of leisure in care of individuals with chronic psychiatric disorders. Methods: The current qualitative study was conducted on the basis of conventional content analysis...
March 2018: Electronic Physician
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