Read by QxMD icon Read

central america

Ferit Kuşcu, Kerem Mazhar Özsoy, Aslıhan Ulu, Behice Kurtaran, Süheyla Kömür, Ayşe Seza İnal, Yeşim Taşova, Hasan Salih Zeki Aksu
A 39-year-old man who was returning from the Amazon Jungle and had no medical history presented with a furuncular lesion on his right parietal scalp. Despite receiving appropriate antimicrobial treatment, his lesion did not heal. After surgical intervention, a Dermatobia hominis larva was extracted. The human botfly D. hominis is the most common causative agent of furuncular myiasis among travelers returning from Central and South America. Surgery is the main treatment option, and secondary bacterial infection should be kept in mind...
September 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Allyson Guimarães Costa, Aya Sadahiro, Andréa Monteiro Tarragô, Felipe Arley Costa Pessoa, Bruna Pires Loiola, Adriana Malheiro, Jansen Fernandes Medeiros
Mansonellosis is an endemic disease in the South and Central America. In Brazil, one of the etiological agents is Mansonella ozzardi. This filarial infection is yet poorly understood, with a controversial morbity, presenting since a oligosymptoms, malaria-like signs or without complaint in humans. The knowledge of the human immune response to microfilariae infection is limited mainly by different evolutionary cycles of the parasite in the host. In addition, the prevalence of this filarial parasite infection is high in several regions of Amazonas State...
October 9, 2017: Cytokine
Lucrecia Acosta Soto, Nelson Caballero, Lesny Ruth Fuentes, Pedro Torres Muñoz, Jose Ramón Gómez Echevarría, Montserrat Pérez López, Fernando Jorge Bornay Llinares, John L Stanford, Cynthia A Stanford, Helen D Donoghue
In Central America, few cases of leprosy have been reported, but the disease may be unrecognized. Diagnosis is based on clinical criteria and histology. Preliminary field work in Nicaragua and Honduras found patients, including many children, with skin lesions clinically suggestive of atypical cutaneous leishmaniasis or indeterminate leprosy. Histology could not distinguish these diseases although acid-fast organisms were visible in a few biopsies. Lesions healed after standard antimicrobial therapy for leprosy...
October 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Daniele De Luca, Paola Cennamo, Emanuele Del Guacchio, Riccardo Di Novella, Paolo Caputo
Since its introduction from Central-South America to Italy almost 500 years ago, the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) was largely cultivated across the peninsula in hundreds of different landraces. However, globalisation and technological modernisation of agricultural practices in the last decades promoted the cultivation of few varieties at the expense of traditional and local agro-ecotypes, which have been confined to local markets or have completely disappeared. The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic diversity and differentiation in 12 common bean landraces once largely cultivated in the Cilento region (Campania region, southern Italy), and now the object of a recovery program to save them from extinction...
October 13, 2017: Genetica
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Underweight, overweight, and obesity in childhood and adolescence are associated with adverse health consequences throughout the life-course. Our aim was to estimate worldwide trends in mean body-mass index (BMI) and a comprehensive set of BMI categories that cover underweight to obesity in children and adolescents, and to compare trends with those of adults. METHODS: We pooled 2416 population-based studies with measurements of height and weight on 128·9 million participants aged 5 years and older, including 31·5 million aged 5-19 years...
October 10, 2017: Lancet
Martín García-Varela, Berenit Mendoza-Garfias, Anindo Choudhury, Gerardo Pérez-Ponce de León
Pomphorhynchus purhepechus n. sp. is described from the intestine of the Mexican redhorse Moxostoma austrinum Bean (Catostomidae) in central Mexico. The new species can be distinguished from the other seven described species of Pomphorhynchus Monticelli, 1905 in the Americas by a subspherical proboscis and 14 longitudinal rows with 16-18 hooks each; the third and the fourth row of hooks are alternately longest. Sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) gene and the large subunit (LSU) rDNA (including the domains D2-D3) were used to corroborate the morphological distinction between the new species and Pomphorhynchus bulbocolli Linkins in Van Cleave, 1919, a species widely distributed in several freshwater fish species across Canada, USA, and Mexico...
October 12, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
Bianca Guedes Ribeiro, Heron Werner, Flávia P P L Lopes, L Celso Hygino da Cruz, Tatiana M Fazecas, Pedro A N Daltro, Renata A Nogueira
Relatively few agents have been associated with congenital infections involving the brain. One such agent is the Zika virus, which has caused several outbreaks worldwide and has spread in the Americas since 2015. The Zika virus is an arbovirus transmitted by infected female mosquito vectors, such as the Aedes aegypti mosquito. This virus has been commonly associated with congenital infections of the central nervous system and has greatly increased the rates of microcephaly. Ultrasonography (US) remains the method of choice for fetal evaluation of congenital Zika virus infection...
October 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
A López-Jiménez, G Pérez-Ponce de León, M García-Varela
Members of the genus Uvulifer are distributed worldwide and infect aquatic snails and freshwater fishes as first and second intermediate hosts, respectively, and fish-eating birds (kingfishers) as definitive hosts. Metacercariae of Uvulifer spp. were collected from the fins and skin of 20 species of freshwater fishes in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, and the adults were recovered from the intestine of kingfishers in four localities of Mexico. The genetic divergence among 76 samples (64 metacercariae and 12 adults) was estimated by sequencing the 28S and 5...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
Xiaoyi Wang, Tao Wang, Hui Guo, Dan Liu, Yutong Zhao, Taotao Zhang, Qiang Liu, Shilong Piao
While seasonal snow is recognized as an important component in the global climate system, the ability of snow to affect plant production remains an important unknown for assessing climate-change impacts on vegetation dynamics at high-latitude ecosystems. Here we compile data on satellite observation of vegetation greenness and spring onset date, satellite-based soil moisture, passive microwave snow water equivalent (SWE) and climate data to show that winter SWE can significantly influence vegetation greenness during the early growing season (the period between spring onset date and peak photosynthesis timing) over nearly one-fifth of the land surface in the region north of 30 degrees, but the magnitude and sign of correlation exhibits large spatial heterogeneity...
October 10, 2017: Global Change Biology
Sara J Wright, Daniel Cui Zhou, Amy Kuhle, Kenneth M Olsen
Climate-associated clines in adaptive polymorphisms are commonly cited as evidence of local adaptation within species. However, the contribution of the clinally varying trait to overall fitness is often unknown. To address this question, we examined survival, vegetative growth, and reproductive output in a central US common garden experiment using 161 genotypes of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) originating from 15 locations across North America. White clover is polymorphic for cyanogenesis (hydrogen cyanide release upon tissue damage), a chemical defense against generalist herbivores, and climate-associated cyanogenesis clines have repeatedly evolved across the species range...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Heredity
Fernanda Regina Giachini, Carlos Galaviz-Hernandez, Alicia E Damiano, Marta Viana, Angela Cadavid, Patricia Asturizaga, Enrique Teran, Sonia Clapes, Martin Alcala, Julio Bueno, María Calderón-Domínguez, María P Ramos, Victor Vitorino Lima, Martha Sosa-Macias, Nora Martinez, James M Roberts, Carlos Escudero
Pregnancy is a physiologically stressful condition that generates a series of functional adaptations by the cardiovascular system. The impact of pregnancy on this system persists from conception beyond birth. Recent evidence suggests that vascular changes associated with pregnancy complications, such as preeclampsia, affect the function of the maternal and offspring vascular systems, after delivery and into adult life. Since the vascular system contributes to systemic homeostasis, defective development or function of blood vessels predisposes both mother and infant to future risk for chronic disease...
October 6, 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
Lilian Jara, Sebastian Morales, Tomas de Mayo, Patricio Gonzalez-Hormazabal, Valentina Carrasco, Raul Godoy
Breast cancer (BC) is the most common malignancy among women worldwide. A major advance in the understanding of the genetic etiology of BC was the discovery of BRCA1 and BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) genes, which are considered high-penetrance BC genes. In non-carriers of BRCA1/2 mutations, disease susceptibility may be explained of a small number of mutations in BRCA1/2 and a much higher proportion of mutations in ethnicity-specific moderate- and/or low-penetrance genes. In Central and South American populations, studied have focused on analyzing the distribution and prevalence of BRCA1/2 mutations and other susceptibility genes that are scarce in Latin America as compared to North America, Europe, Australia, and Israel...
October 6, 2017: Biological Research
Aleksandar Radunovic, Djillali Annane, Muhammad K Rafiq, Ruth Brassington, Naveed Mustfa
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as motor neuron disease, is a fatal neurodegenerative disease. Neuromuscular respiratory failure is the most common cause of death, which usually occurs within two to five years of the disease onset. Supporting respiratory function with mechanical ventilation may improve survival and quality of life. This is the second update of a review first published in 2009. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of mechanical ventilation (tracheostomy-assisted ventilation and non-invasive ventilation (NIV)) on survival, functional measures of disease progression, and quality of life in ALS, and to evaluate adverse events related to the intervention...
October 6, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Suppaluck Polsomboon, David F Hoel, Jittawadee R Murphy, Yvonne-Marie Linton, Maysa Motoki, Richard G Robbins, Kim Bautista, Ireneo Bricen O, Nicole L Achee, John P Grieco, Wei-Mei Ching, Chien-Chung Chao
Little is known about tick-borne rickettsial pathogens in Belize, Central America. We tested ixodid ticks for the presence of Rickettsia species in three of the six northern and western Belizean districts. Ticks were collected from domestic animals and tick drags over vegetation in 23 different villages in November 2014, February 2015, and May 2015. A total of 2,506 collected ticks were identified to the following species: Dermacentor nitens Neumann (46.69%), Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Latreille) (19.55%), Rhipicephalus microplus (Canestrini) (19...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
M P Alvarenga, Sergio Schimidt, Rm Papais Alvarenga
A major development over the past two decades was the recognition of recurrent neuromyelitis optica (NMO) as a particular central nervous system disorder different from multiple sclerosis (MS). Here we reviewed the epidemiology of NMO in Latin America (LATAM). A predominance of a mixed population is found in this region. Recurrent NMO in black women was described in the Caribbean Islands and in Rio de Janeiro. The prevalence of NMO in LATAM varied from 0.37/100,000 (Volta Redonda city) to 4.2/100,000 inhabitants (Caribbean Islands)...
July 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
Eli Skromne-Eisenberg, Laura Ordoñez-Boschetti, Irene Treviño-Frenk
The treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) has become increasingly complex during the last 10 years, mainly because of the advent of new and more potent disease-modifying therapies (DMTs). In Latin America, the therapeutic repertoire available for MS treatment is similar to the one in the rest of the world, but the high costs of these drugs, in conjunction with the limited resources of the social security health systems, makes the treatment of MS more difficult. For neurologists in Latin America, providing personalized MS treatment has become a challenge...
July 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
Liliana Patrucco
The diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is based on neurological symptoms and signs, alongside evidence of dissemination of central nervous system (CNS) lesions in space and time. In the absence of a sensitive and specific diagnostic test, diagnostic criteria are needed for diagnosing MS. The caveat to the application of the McDonald criteria is that alternative diagnoses must be excluded. The prevalence, clinical phenotype and the differential diagnosis of MS may have variations in different populations, especially in Latin America (LATAM)...
July 2017: Multiple Sclerosis Journal—Experimental, Translational and Clinical
Meghan E Healy, Deirdre Hill, Marianne Berwick, Heather Edgar, Jessica Gross, Keith Hunley
We examined the relationship between continental-level genetic ancestry and racial and ethnic identity in an admixed population in New Mexico with the goal of increasing our understanding of how racial and ethnic identity influence genetic substructure in admixed populations. Our sample consists of 98 New Mexicans who self-identified as Hispanic or Latino (NM-HL) and who further categorized themselves by race and ethnic subgroup membership. The genetic data consist of 270 newly-published autosomal microsatellites from the NM-HL sample and previously published data from 57 globally distributed populations, including 13 admixed samples from Central and South America...
2017: PloS One
Noelia Verónica Guzmán, Silvia Mónica Pietrokovsky, Maria Marta Cigliano, Viviana Andrea Confalonieri
The Andean Mountain range has been recognized as one of the biodiversity hotspots of the world. The proposed mechanisms for such species diversification, among others, are due to the elevation processes occurring during the Miocene and the intensive glacial action during the Pleistocene. In this study we investigated the diversification history of the grasshopper Trimerotropis pallidipennis species complex which shows a particularly wide latitudinal and altitudinal distribution range across the northern, central and southern Andes in South America...
2017: PeerJ
Barbara Rogoff, Andrew D Coppens, Lucía Alcalá, Itzel Aceves-Azuara, Omar Ruvalcaba, Angélica López, Andrew Dayton
Cultural research can help to identify strengths of cultural communities that are often viewed through a deficit model. Strengths-based approaches open researchers, practitioners, and the public to seeing the logic and value of cultural practices that vary from mainstream approaches. Strengths-based approaches include and extend beyond concerns for social equity: They are necessary for scientific characterization of human cognitive and social processes as well as for effective educational and societal practices...
September 2017: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"