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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911976/demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-a-predominantly-hispanic-population-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-on-the-us-mexico-border
#1
Antonio Mendoza Ladd, Yi Jia, Christine Yu, Sherif Elhanafi, Alok Dwivedi, Jiayang Liu, Giangqing Song, Mark Hall, Marc J Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: Information regarding Hispanics with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is scarce. In this study we aimed to describe a predominantly Hispanic population with IBD in a city located along the US-Mexico border and to identify clinical or demographic differences between Hispanics and non-Hispanics. METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of patients with IBD between 2003 and 2013 at a tertiary care center. Information collected included age, sex, ethnicity, diagnosis, diagnosis status (new vs old), endoscopic extent of disease (EOD), extraintestinal manifestations, medical treatment, and surgeries performed...
December 2016: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818411/the-i-vivir-mejor-i-consortium-a-rural-us-m%C3%A3-xico-collaborative-model-to-prevent-and-treat-diabetes
#2
Susan Kunz, Maia Ingram, Rosalinda Piper, Sylvia Ochoa, Alicia Sander, Cecilia Navarro, Sean McKenzie
The Vivir Mejor! (Live Better!) System of Diabetes Prevention and Care Consortium is a multi-sector partnership to establish an integrated diabetes system of care in Santa Cruz County, Arizona on the U.S.-Mexico border. Major outcomes include improved healthy eating and active living knowledge and behaviors and lowered HbA1c.
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809805/detection-of-latent-tuberculosis-infection-among-migrant-farmworkers-along-the-us-mexico-border
#3
E Oren, M H Fiero, E Barrett, B Anderson, M Nuῆez, F Gonzalez-Salazar
BACKGROUND: Migrant farmworkers are among the highest-risk populations for latent TB infection (LTBI) in the United States with numerous barriers to healthcare access and increased vulnerability to infectious diseases. LTBI is usually diagnosed on the border using the tuberculin skin test (TST). QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-GIT) also measures immune response against specific Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens. The objective of this study is to assess the comparability of TST and QFT-GIT to detect LTBI among migrant farmworkers on the border, as well as to examine the effects of various demographic and clinical factors on test positivity...
November 3, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611208/are-hispanic-patients-with-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-treated-differently-in-border-states-than-in-nonborder-states
#4
Ameer E Hassan, Gabriela A Villanueva, Ahmed A Malik, Sonia Shariff, Adnan I Qureshi
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have found an underutilization of in-hospital procedures in treatments of Hispanic patients admitted with coronary artery disease in states along the US-Mexico border ("border states"). The purpose of this study was to determine any treatment disparities between patients treated for subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in border and nonborder states and whether this disparity was associated with differential hospital charges. METHODS Using the National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample, the authors retrieved data of Hispanic and non-Hispanic patients who were admitted in 2011 for SAH in a border state (California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas) or nonborder state (the remaining 46 US states)...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574602/addressing-hearing-health-care-disparities-among-older-adults-in-a-us-mexico-border-community
#5
Maia Ingram, Nicole Marrone, Daisey Thalia Sanchez, Alicia Sander, Cecilia Navarro, Jill Guernsey de Zapien, Sonia Colina, Frances Harris
UNLABELLED: Hearing loss is associated with cognitive decline and impairment in daily living activities. Access to hearing health care has broad implications for healthy aging of the U.S. POPULATION: This qualitative study investigated factors related to the socio-ecological domains of hearing health in a U.S.-Mexico border community experiencing disparities in access to care. A multidisciplinary research team partnered with community health workers (CHWs) from a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) in designing the study...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567517/placental-biomarkers-of-pah-exposure-and-glutathione-s-transferase-biotransformation-enzymes-in-an-obstetric-population-from-tijuana-baja-california-mexico
#6
Teresa Dodd-Butera, Penelope J E Quintana, Martha Ramirez-Zetina, Ana C Batista-Castro, Maria M Sierra, Carolyn Shaputnic, Maura Garcia-Castillo, Sonja Ingmanson, Stacy Hull
Environmental exposures along the US-Mexico border have the potential to adversely affect the maternal-fetal environment. The purpose of this study was to assess placental biomarkers of environmental exposures in an obstetric population at the California-Baja California border in relation to detoxifying enzymes in the placenta and nutritional status. This study was conducted on consenting, full-term, obstetric patients (n=54), delivering in a hospital in Tijuana, Baja California (BC), Mexico. Placental polyaromatic hydrocarbon (PAH)-DNA adducts were measured in addition to placental glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activity and genotype, maternal serum folate, and maternal and umbilical cord blood lead and cadmium levels...
January 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561865/limited-access-to-healthcare-among-hispanics-in-the-us-mexico-border-region
#7
Minghui Shen, Yunwei Gai, Li Feng
OBJECTIVE: Using large national databases, we investigated how living in the US-Mexico border region further limited access to healthcare among the non-elderly Hispanic adult population after controlling individual and county-level characteristics. METHODS: The 2008-2012 individual-level data of non-elderly Hispanic adults from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) were merged with county-level data from Area Health Resources File (AHRF). Multivariate logistic analyses were performed to predict insurance status and access to doctors using residency in the US-Mexico border region as the key predictor, adjusting individual and county-level factors...
September 2016: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27560721/the-precarious-health-of-young-mexican-american-men-in-south-texas-cameron-county-hispanic-cohort-2004-2015
#8
Gordon P Watt, Kristina P Vatcheva, Derek M Griffith, Belinda M Reininger, Laura Beretta, Michael B Fallon, Joseph B McCormick, Susan P Fisher-Hoch
INTRODUCTION: Hispanic men have higher rates of illness and death from various chronic conditions than do non-Hispanic men. We aimed to characterize the health of Mexican American men living on the US-Mexico border in South Texas and elucidate indications of chronic disease in young men. METHODS: We sampled all male participants from the Cameron County Hispanic Cohort, an ongoing population-based cohort of Mexican Americans in Brownsville, Texas. We calculated descriptive statistics and stratified the sample into 3 age groups to estimate the prevalence of sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical factors by age group and evaluated differences between age groups...
2016: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558475/efficacy-of-cancer-care-communication-between-clinicians-and-latino-patients-in-a-rural-us-mexico-border-region-a-qualitative-study-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-better-communication
#9
Eunjeong Ko, María Luisa Zúñiga, Diana Peacher, Helen Palomino, Mercedes Watson
Quality of clinician-patient cancer communication is vital to cancer care and survivorship. Racial/ethnic minority patients in rural regions may have unique characteristics including cultural beliefs, language barriers, and low health literacy which require effective cross-cultural cancer communication. Despite the growing US population of racial/ethnic minorities and widespread emphasis on culturally appropriate health communication, little is known about challenges and facilitators of cancer communication among underserved rural Latino cancer patients in the US-Mexico border region...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551428/neisseria-meningitidis-and-streptococcus-pneumoniae-as-leading-causes-of-pediatric-bacterial-meningitis-in-nine-mexican-hospitals-following-3-years-of-active-surveillance
#10
Enrique Chacon-Cruz, Cesar Adrian Martinez-Longoria, Eduardo Llausas-Magana, Antonio Luevanos-Velazquez, Jorge Alejandro Vazquez-Narvaez, Sandra Beltran, Ana Elena Limon-Rojas, Fernando Urtiz-Jeronimo, Jose Luis Castaneda-Narvaez, Francisco Otero-Mendoza, Fernando Aguilar-Del Real, Jesus Rodriguez-Chagoyan, Rosa Maria Rivas-Landeros, Maria Luisa Volker-Soberanes, Rosa Maria Hinojosa-Robles, Patricia Arzate-Barbosa, Laura Karina Aviles-Benitez, Fernando Ivan Elenes-Zamora, Chandra M Becka, Ricardo Ruttimann
OBJECTIVES: Meningococcal meningitis is reported as a rare condition in Mexico. There are no internationally published studies on bacterial causes of meningitis in the country based on active surveillance. This study focuses on finding the etiology of bacterial meningitis in children from nine Mexican Hospitals. METHODS: From January 2010 to February 2013, we conducted a three years of active surveillance for meningitis in nine hospitals throughout Mexico. Active surveillance started at the emergency department for every suspected case, and microbiological studies confirmed/ruled out all potentially bacterial pathogens...
January 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544711/prevalence-of-asthma-in-school-children-on-the-arizona-sonora-border
#11
Tara F Carr, Paloma I Beamer, Janet Rothers, Debra A Stern, Lynn B Gerald, Cecilia B Rosales, Yoshira Ornelas Van Horne, Oksana N Pivniouk, Donata Vercelli, Marilyn Halonen, Mercedes Gameros, Fernando D Martinez, Anne L Wright
BACKGROUND: Mexican-born children living in the United States have a lower prevalence of asthma than other US children. Although children of Mexican descent near the Arizona (AZ)-Sonora border are genetically similar, differences in environmental exposures might result in differences in asthma prevalence across this region. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if the prevalence of asthma and wheeze in these children varies across the AZ-Sonora border...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536936/factors-influencing-mexican-women-s-decisions-to-vaccinate-daughters-against-hpv-in-the-united-states-and-mexico
#12
Emily Wentzell, Yvonne N Flores, Jorge Salmerón, Roshan Bastani
Mexican and Mexican-American women bear high cervical cancer burdens, yet relationships between mothers' experiences of vaccinating daughters against cervical cancer-causing human papillomavirus (HPV) on both sides of the border are unknown. We surveyed 400 Mexican-born women in Oxnard, California, United States and Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico, about their beliefs and practices regarding daughters' HPV vaccination, conducting in-depth interviews with 35 participants. Contextualizing interview findings in survey data, we identify key factors influencing mothers' experiences regarding daughters' HPV vaccination in both countries...
October 2016: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467267/proximity-under-threat-the-role-of-physical-distance-in-intergroup-relations
#13
Y Jenny Xiao, Michael J A Wohl, Jay J Van Bavel
Throughout human history, social groups have invested immense amounts of wealth and time to keep threatening out-groups at a distance. In the current research, we explored the relationship between intergroup threat, physical distance, and discrimination. Specifically, we examined how intergroup threat alters estimates of physical distance to out-groups and how physical proximity affects intergroup relations. Previous research has found that people judge threatening out-groups as physically close. In Studies 1 and 2, we examined ways to attenuate this bias...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314209/alcohol-use-among-hispanic-college-students-along-the-us-mexico-border
#14
Jared A Montoya, David Wittenburg, Vanessa Martinez
BACKGROUND: The trend of alcohol use among college students has been shown to vary by ethnicity and has been linked to acculturation among Hispanics. Consistent findings indicate that males consume alcohol more frequently and in greater quantities compared to females. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the drinking habits of Hispanic college students living in the border region of South Texas. The study evaluated the influence of acculturation on alcohol consumption among Hispanic males and females...
June 17, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295526/applying-geo-spatial-analysis-in-community-needs-assessment-implications-for-planning-and-prioritizing-based-on-data
#15
Kamran Baig, Mary Shaw-Ridley, Oscar J Munoz
BACKGROUND: Colonias are sub standardized and unincorporated areas located along the US-Mexico border, with severely lacking infrastructure. Residents have poor health and limited availability, accessibility and/or utilization of healthcare services in the region. METHODS: Using 2006-2007 community needs assessment (CNA) surveys collected by the Center for Housing and Urban Development of Texas A&M University, 410 randomly selected surveys from Hidalgo County, Texas were analyzed...
October 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271058/academic-community-partnership-to-develop-a-patient-centered-breast-cancer-risk-reduction-program-for-latina-primary-care-patients
#16
Sheila F Castañeda, Rebeca E Giacinto, Elizabeth A Medeiros, Ilana Brongiel, Olga Cardona, Patricia Perez, Gregory A Talavera
This collaborative study sought to address Latina breast cancer (BC) disparities by increasing health literacy (HL) in a community health center situated on the US-Mexico border region of San Diego County. An academic-community partnership conducted formative research to develop a culturally tailored promotora-based intervention with 109 individuals. The Spanish language program, entitled Nuestra Cocina: Mesa Buena, Vida Sana (Our Kitchen: Good Table, Healthy Life), included six sessions targeting HL, women's health, BC risk reduction, and patient-provider communication; sessions include cooking demonstrations of recipes with cancer-risk-reducing ingredients...
June 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27257305/party-identification-contact-contexts-and-public-attitudes-toward-illegal-immigration
#17
Timothy B Gravelle
Illegal immigration is a contentious issue on the American policy agenda. To understand the sources of public attitudes toward immigration, social scientists have focused attention on political factors such as party identification; they have also drawn on theories of intergroup contact to argue that contact with immigrants shapes immigration attitudes. Absent direct measures, contextual measures such as respondents' ethnic milieu or proximity to salient geographic features (such as borders) have been used as proxies of contact...
2016: Public Opinion Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27242986/editorial-emergent-public-health-issues-in-the-us-mexico-border-region
#18
Cecilia Ballesteros Rosales, Scott Carvajal, Jill Eileen Guernsey de Zapien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27180703/physical-activity-of-mexican-origin-children-examining-parental-support
#19
Samantha J Allen, E Umstattd Meyer, Joseph R Sharkey
UNLABELLED: Objectives Mexican-origin children living along the US-Mexico border in colonias communities are medically underserved, at great risk for obesity-related diseases, and rarely meet physical activity guidelines. This study examined the roles of parental social support and social norms for physical activity among these children. METHODS: Promotora-researchers conducted one-on-one interview-administered surveys with 99 Mexican-origin mother-child dyads (n=198)...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132880/deportation-and-mental-health-among-migrants-who-inject-drugs-along-the-us-mexico-border
#20
Miguel Pinedo, José Luis Burgos, María Luisa Zúñiga, Ramona Perez, Caroline A Macera, Victoria D Ojeda
This study describes the prevalence and factors of depressive symptoms among a sample of persons who inject drugs (PWID) with a history of deportation from the US in Tijuana, Mexico. In 2014, 132 deported PWID completed a structured questionnaire. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Short Depression Scale (CESD-10) screening instrument. Eligible participants were ≥18 years old, injected drugs in the past month, spoke English or Spanish, and resided in Tijuana. Multivariate analyses identified factors associated with depressive symptoms...
April 30, 2016: Global Public Health
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