Read by QxMD icon Read

international immigration

Kenneth Eng Ling Kwan, Vishalkumar G Shelat, Cher Heng Tan
Recurrent pyogenic cholangitis (RPC) is an infective process involving the biliary tree typified by pigmented intraductal calculi with dilatation of the intra- and extrahepatic biliary tree. Previously endemic to South-east Asia, RPC can now be seen in Western countries with the increasing access to international travel and immigration. Affected patients are often plagued by recurrent bouts of cholangitis, and commonly suffer from complications such as abscess formation and biliary strictures. In severe cases, cirrhosis with portal hypertension may develop...
October 21, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
Caroline Kingori, Camila LeMaster Esquivel, Qorsho Hassan, Abdul Elmi, Bakali Mukasa, Michael Reece
African-born immigrants and refugees have HIV infection rates six times higher than any other minority groups in the United States. Despite the increase in the population size and diversity of Somali immigrants and refugees in the United States, Somalis are one of the medically underserved population subgroups in this region. The lack of aggregate HIV infection rates among African-born immigrants, for example, Somali refugees, is a cause for alarm and calls for more research to be conducted in this subgroup...
October 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Wei Wei
Recent critical studies of men and masculinities have encouraged greater consideration of global, international and transnational perspectives and processes. Drawing on interview data from a larger research study of transnationalism and HIV risk through the experiences of recent male Chinese immigrants to Canada, this article examines the intersection of masculinity, sexual practice and the HIV risk in a transnational context. As a gendered strategy, transnational mobility is not only employed by men to cope with the challenges of masculinity enactment encountered in Canada, but also to facilitate sexual activities back in China...
October 10, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
Sabrina K Been, David A M C van de Vijver, Pythia T Nieuwkerk, Inês Brito, Sarah E Stutterheim, Arjan E R Bos, Mireille E G Wolfers, Katalin Pogány, Annelies Verbon
In the Netherlands, immigrant people living with HIV (PLWH) have poorer psychological and treatment outcomes than Dutch PLWH. This cross-sectional field study examined risk factors for non-adherence to combination Antiretroviral Therapy (cART) among immigrant PLWH. First and second generation immigrant PLWH attending outpatient clinics at two HIV-treatment centers in Rotterdam were selected for this study. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics for all eligible participants were collected from an existing database...
2016: PloS One
Justin A Chen, Benjamin G Shapero, Nhi-Ha T Trinh, Trina E Chang, Susannah Parkin, Jonathan E Alpert, Maurizio Fava, Albert S Yeung
OBJECTIVE: Stigma has been proposed to be a major underlying factor contributing to lower rates of mental health service utilization among racial/ethnic minorities in the United States. Yet, surprisingly little research has specifically explored associations between stigma, race/ethnicity, and psychiatric morbidity. This study aims to assess the impact of stigmatizing attitudes on depression outcomes among a psychiatrically underserved, immigrant Chinese population. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2012, 190 Chinese immigrants with major depressive disorder as diagnosed by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview were enrolled in a trial of culturally sensitive collaborative care for depression...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Heying Jenny Zhan, Qi Wang, Zoe Fawcett, Xiaoqing Li, Xiying Fan
Finding a sense of home for international migrants is challenging. It is even more so for older adults who migrate to a foreign country later in life to follow their adult children. This study examines Chinese immigrant elders' report of their sense of home and life-satisfaction. Based on 21 intensive interviews and107 surveys with elderly immigrants of Chinese descent, this research finds that a comfortable living condition in a natural and built environment contribute to Chinese elders' narrative of a sense of home...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Xiaomeng Li, Hongzhong Xu, Jiawei Chen, Qinghua Chen, Jiang Zhang, Zengru Di
Human migration is responsible for forming modern civilization and has had an important influence on the development of various countries. There are many issues worth researching, and "the reason to move" is the most basic one. The concept of migration cost in the classical self-selection theory, which was introduced by Roy and Borjas, is useful. However, migration cost cannot address global migration because of the limitations of deterministic and bilateral choice. Following the idea of migration cost, this paper developed a new probabilistic multilateral migration model by introducing the Boltzmann factor from statistical physics...
2016: Scientific Reports
Karen Menigoz, Andrea Nathan, Gavin Turrell
BACKGROUND: Despite growing international migration and documented ethnic differences in overweight and obesity in developed countries, no research has described the epidemiology of immigrant overweight and obesity at a national level in Australia, a country where immigrants comprise 28.1 % of the population. The aim of this study was to examine ethnic differences in body mass index (BMI) and overweight/obesity in Australia and the influence of acculturation on bodyweight among Australian immigrants...
2016: BMC Public Health
Anna Pagano, Victor García, Carlos Recarte, Juliet P Lee
BACKGROUND: Anexos are community-based recovery houses that were created in Mexico to serve people struggling with addiction to alcohol and other drugs. Brought to the U.S. by Mexican migrants, anexos provide residential care to primarily male Latino migrants and immigrants who are unable or unwilling to access formal treatment. While some Mexican anexos have come under fire for coercion, confrontational treatment methods, and corporal punishment, little is known about treatment practices in U...
August 30, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
Belinda J Liddell, Angela Nickerson, Lauren Sartor, Lorraine Ivancic, Richard A Bryant
Despite unprecedented numbers of migrants internationally, little is known about the mental health needs of immigrant groups residing in common countries of resettlement. The majority of studies support the 'healthy migrant hypothesis', but few studies have examined: 1) shifts in prevalence patterns across generations; 2) how prevalence relates to disability in immigrant groups. Our study examined the prevalence of common mental disorders and disability in first and second generation migrants to Australia. Twelve-month and lifetime prevalence rates of affective, anxiety, and substance use disorders were obtained from the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (N = 8841)...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
A E Heywood, N Zwar, B L Forssman, H Seale, N Stephens, J Musto, C Lane, B Polkinghorne, M Sheikh, M Smith, H Worth, C R Macintyre
Immigrants and their children who return to their country of origin to visit friends and relatives (VFR) are at increased risk of acquiring infectious diseases compared to other travellers. VFR travel is an important disease control issue, as one quarter of Australia's population are foreign-born and one quarter of departing Australian international travellers are visiting friends and relatives. We conducted a 1-year prospective enhanced surveillance study in New South Wales and Victoria, Australia to determine the contribution of VFR travel to notifiable diseases associated with travel, including typhoid, paratyphoid, measles, hepatitis A, hepatitis E, malaria and chikungunya...
August 30, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
Albert Yeung, Max A Martinson, Lee Baer, Justin Chen, Alisabet Clain, Aya Williams, Trina E Chang, Nhi-Ha T Trinh, Jonathan E Alpert, Maurizio Fava
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the effectiveness of a telepsychiatry-based culturally sensitive collaborative treatment (T-CSCT) intervention to improve treatment outcomes for depressed Chinese American immigrants. METHODS: Participants were Chinese Americans recruited from primary care settings from February 1, 2009, to July 31, 2012, with DSM-IV major depressive disorder (MDD) identified by the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Eligible patients were randomized to receive either T-CSCT or treatment as usual (TAU) for 6 months...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Atif Kukaswadia, Ian Janssen, William Pickett, Jasmine Bajwa, Katholiki Georgiades, Richard N Lalonde, Elizabeth C Quon, Saba Safdar, Ian Pike
OBJECTIVES: Acculturation is a multidimensional process involving changes in behaviour and beliefs. Questionnaires developed to measure acculturation are typically designed for specific ethnic populations and adult experiences. This study developed a questionnaire that measures acculturation among ethnically diverse populations of youth that can be included as a module in population surveys. METHODS: Questionnaires measuring acculturation in youth were identified in the literature...
2016: PloS One
Carlough Martha, Becker-Dreps Sylvia, Hawes Samuel, Hodge Bethany, Martin Ian, Clark Denniston
BACKGROUND: Following a similar trend among United States (US) medical students, US resident physicians are increasingly interested in pursuing global health education. Largely, residency education has lagged behind in addressing this demand. Time and curriculum requirements make meeting this need challenging. The Office of International Activities (OIA) at University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) was founded to provide support to students and residents in the area global health...
May 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
Robert Bozick, Alessandro Malchiodi, Trey Miller
Using a nationally representative sample of 1,189 immigrant youth in American high schools, we examine whether the quality of education in their country of origin is related to post-migration math achievement in the 9th grade. To measure the quality of their education in the country of origin, we use country-specific average test scores from two international assessments: the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). We find that the average PISA or TIMSS scores for immigrant youth's country of origin are positively associated with their performance on the 9th grade post-migration math assessment...
October 2016: Demography
Johany Peñailillo, Gabriela Olivares, Ximena Moncada, Claudia Payacán, Chi-Shan Chang, Kuo-Fang Chung, Peter J Matthews, Andrea Seelenfreund, Daniela Seelenfreund
BACKGROUND: Paper mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L'Hér. ex Vent) is a dioecious tree native to East Asia and mainland Southeast-Asia, introduced prehistorically to Polynesia as a source of bark fiber by Austronesian-speaking voyagers. In Oceania, trees are coppiced and harvested for production of bark-cloth, so flowering is generally unknown. A survey of botanical records of paper mulberry revealed a distributional disjunction: the tree is apparently absent in Borneo and the Philippines...
2016: PloS One
S Deandrea, A Molina-Barceló, A Uluturk, J Moreno, L Neamtiu, R Peiró-Pérez, Z Saz-Parkinson, J Lopez-Alcalde, D Lerda, D Salas
The European Union Council Recommendation of 2 December 2003 on cancer screening suggests the implementation of organised, population-based breast cancer screening programmes based on mammography every other year for women aged 50 to 69years, ensuring equal access to screening, taking into account potential needs for targeting particular socioeconomic groups. A European survey on coverage and participation, and key organisational and policy characteristics of the programmes, targeting years 2010 and 2014, was undertaken in 2014...
October 2016: Preventive Medicine
Robert Paul, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Julie Johnstone, Nancy McNaughton, Zubin Austin
The integration of internationally educated health professionals (IEHPs) into the health workforces of their adopted countries is an issue that has challenged policy makers and policy scholars for decades. In this article, the authors explore the implications of the ideological underpinnings of the policy subsystems that IEHPs must navigate in seeking employment in Canada, with a focus on Ontario.Using a policy subsystem approach, in 2015 the authors analyzed a large preexisting data set composed of articles, governmental reports, Web sites, and transcripts of interviews and focus groups conducted in Ontario with IEHPs, health care executives, human resource managers, and job counselors to IEHPs...
August 9, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Lisseth Rojas-Flores, Mari L Clements, J Hwang Koo, Judy London
The mental health impact of parental detention and deportation on citizen children is a topic of increasing concern. Forced parent-child separation and parental loss are potentially traumatic events (PTEs) with adverse effects on children's mental health. Objective: This study examines posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and psychological distress among 91 Latino U.S.-born children (ages 6 to 12), living in mixed-status families with a least 1 undocumented parent at risk for detention or deportation...
August 8, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
Helen Vandenberg
From 1896 to 1942, a Japanese hospital operated in the village of Steveston, British Columbia, Canada. For the first 4 years, Japanese Methodist missionaries utilized a small mission building as a makeshift hospital, until a larger institution was constructed by the local Japanese Fishermen's Association in 1900. The hospital operated until the Japanese internment, after the attack on Pearl Harbor during World War II. This study offers important commentary about the relationships between health, hospitals, and race in British Columbia during a period of increased immigration and economic upheaval...
2017: Nursing History Review: Official Journal of the American Association for the History of Nursing
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"