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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891555/the-epidemiologic-transition-of-thalassemia-and-associated-hemoglobinopathies-in-southern-taiwan
#1
Hui-Ching Wang, Li-Ling Hsieh, Yi-Chang Liu, Hui-Hua Hsiao, Shu-Kai Lin, Wen-Chan Tsai, Ta-Chih Liu
Since 1993, following the National Thalassemia Major Prevention Program and an increase in immigration and interracial marriages, especially in southern Taiwan, the distribution of hemoglobinopathies may have changed. This study investigates the epidemiologic transition of hemoglobinopathies. We analyzed 1870 specimens collected between 2003 and 2012 in southern Taiwan, used gap-polymerase chain reaction and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism-based methods, and confirmed genotypes of hemoglobinopathies by DNA sequencing...
November 28, 2016: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884406/-clinical-approach-to-imported-eosinophilia
#2
Elías Cañas García-Otero, Julia Praena-Segovia, Maite Ruiz-Pérez de Pipaón, Xerach Bosh-Guerra, Magdalena Sánchez-Agüera, Daniel Álvarez-Martínez, José Miguel Cisneros-Herreros
Eosinophilia is a common finding in international travelers and immigrants, being an helmintic infection its main etiology. The positive predictive value of eosinophilia for an helmintosis is low in travellers. Eosinophilia may be an incidental finding, or symptomatic, and it represents a clinical challenge due to the low sensitivity and specificity of direct and indirect parasitological diagnostic tests, respectively. It requires a structured approach based on geographical areas, environmental exposures and behavioral risks, and associated symptoms...
November 21, 2016: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860141/diversifying-the-midwifery-workforce-inclusivity-culturally-sensitive-bridging-and-innovation
#3
Holliday Tyson, Karline Wilson-Mitchell
Midwifery educators and regulators in Canada have begun to address diversity, equity, and inclusion in admission processes and program curricula. Populations served by midwives value internationally educated midwives from their countries of origin. The International Midwifery Pre-Registration Program at Ryerson University in Toronto, Ontario, provides assessment, midwifery workplace orientation, and accelerated education for internationally educated midwives on behalf of the regulatory College of Midwives of Ontario...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855325/-not-human-dead-already-perceptions-and-experiences-of-drug-related-stigma-among-opioid-using-young-adults-from-the-former-soviet-union-living-in-the-u-s
#4
Alana Gunn, Honoria Guarino
BACKGROUND: Young people from the former Soviet Union (FSU) in the U.S. are engaging in opioid and injection drug use (IDU) in substantial numbers, paralleling nationwide trends. Yet opioid-using FSU immigrants face distinctive acculturation challenges, including perceived stigmatisation as drug users within their immigrant communities, which may exacerbate the negative health and psychosocial consequences of such use. METHODS: This qualitative study draws on semi-structured interviews with 26 FSU immigrant young adults (ages 18-29) living in New York City who reported opioid use in the past month and/or were currently in treatment for opioid use disorder...
November 14, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853251/internationally-educated-nurses%C3%A2-and-their-contributions-to-the-patient-experience
#5
Ndolo Njie-Mokonya
Internationally educated nurses (IEN) are a group who reflect Canada’s diverse population as a result of rising immigration trends. There is increasing diversity of the general population in Canada and health service disparities exist. Reducing these disparities among the healthcare workforce and the patients they care for is important to meet language and other cultural needs of patients from different ethnic backgrounds. This article describes a study that examined internationally educated nurses’ transition experiences in the field of nursing with the objective of describing their unique contributions to the patient care experience...
January 31, 2016: Online Journal of Issues in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828610/-health-workers-place-in-studies-on-international-migratory-processes-and-health
#6
Cássio Silveira, Alejandro Goldberg, Tatiane Barbosa da Silva, Mara Helena de Andrea Gomes, Denise Martin
Studies on the health-disease-healthcare process in immigrants settled in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, have revealed a complex web of relations in the demands by immigrants and the actions conceived and planned by health services. In this context, intermediation by health workers in the relationship between immigrants and researchers has constituted an important form of access by the latter to South American immigrants, especially Bolivians. During research, access to immigrants occurs within the context of health actions, facilitating the researchers' access to immigrants' homes, workplaces, and even associations...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790171/academic-performance-of-native-and-immigrant-students-a-study-focused-on-the-perception-of-family-support-and-control-school-satisfaction-and-learning-environment
#7
Miguel A Santos, Agustín Godás, María J Ferraces, Mar Lorenzo
The international assessment studies of key competences, such as the PISA report of the OECD, have revealed that the academic performance of Spanish students is significantly below the OECD average. In addition, it has also been confirmed that the results of immigrant students are consistently lower than those of their native counterparts. Given the context, the first objective of this work is to observe the variables (support, control, school satisfaction, and learning environment) which distinguish between retained and non-retained native and immigrant students...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770158/recurrent-pyogenic-cholangitis-a-review-of-imaging-findings-and-clinical-management
#8
Kenneth Eng Ling Kwan, Vishalkumar G Shelat, Cher Heng Tan
Recurrent pyogenic cholangitis (RPC) is an infective process involving the biliary tree typified by pigmented intraductal calculi with dilatation of the intra- and extrahepatic biliary tree. Previously endemic to South-east Asia, RPC can now be seen in Western countries with the increasing access to international travel and immigration. Affected patients are often plagued by recurrent bouts of cholangitis, and commonly suffer from complications such as abscess formation and biliary strictures. In severe cases, cirrhosis with portal hypertension may develop...
October 21, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749109/recommendations-for-developing-contextually-relevant-hiv-aids-prevention-strategies-targeting-african-born-immigrants-and-refugees-in-the-united-states
#9
Caroline Kingori, Camila LeMaster Esquivel, Qorsho Hassan, Abdul Elmi, Bakali Mukasa, Michael Reece
African-born immigrants and refugees have HIV infection rates six times higher than any other minority groups in the United States. Despite the increase in the population size and diversity of Somali immigrants and refugees in the United States, Somalis are one of the medically underserved population subgroups in this region. The lack of aggregate HIV infection rates among African-born immigrants, for example, Somali refugees, is a cause for alarm and calls for more research to be conducted in this subgroup...
October 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718889/masculinities-on-transnational-journeys-sexual-practices-and-risk-management-among-male-chinese-immigrants-to-canada
#10
Wei Wei
Recent critical studies of men and masculinities have encouraged greater consideration of global, international and transnational perspectives and processes. Drawing on interview data from a larger research study of transnationalism and HIV risk through the experiences of recent male Chinese immigrants to Canada, this article examines the intersection of masculinity, sexual practice and the HIV risk in a transnational context. As a gendered strategy, transnational mobility is not only employed by men to cope with the challenges of masculinity enactment encountered in Canada, but also to facilitate sexual activities back in China...
October 10, 2016: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706251/risk-factors-for-non-adherence-to-cart-in-immigrants-with-hiv-living-in-the-netherlands-results-from-the-rotterdam-adherence-road-project
#11
Sabrina K Been, David A M C van de Vijver, Pythia T Nieuwkerk, Inês Brito, Sarah E Stutterheim, Arjan E R Bos, Mireille E G Wolfers, Katalin Pogány, Annelies Verbon
In the Netherlands, immigrant people living with HIV (PLWH) have poorer psychological and treatment outcomes than Dutch PLWH. This cross-sectional field study examined risk factors for non-adherence to combination Antiretroviral Therapy (cART) among immigrant PLWH. First and second generation immigrant PLWH attending outpatient clinics at two HIV-treatment centers in Rotterdam were selected for this study. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics for all eligible participants were collected from an existing database...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631145/association-between-stigma-and-depression-outcomes-among-chinese-immigrants-in-a-primary-care-setting
#12
Justin A Chen, Benjamin G Shapero, Nhi-Ha T Trinh, Trina E Chang, Susannah Parkin, Jonathan E Alpert, Maurizio Fava, Albert S Yeung
OBJECTIVE: Stigma has been proposed to be a major underlying factor contributing to lower rates of mental health service utilization among racial/ethnic minorities in the United States. Yet, surprisingly little research has specifically explored associations between stigma, race/ethnicity, and psychiatric morbidity. This study aims to assess the impact of stigmatizing attitudes on depression outcomes among a psychiatrically underserved, immigrant Chinese population. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2012, 190 Chinese immigrants with major depressive disorder as diagnosed by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview were enrolled in a trial of culturally sensitive collaborative care for depression...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613058/finding-a-sense-of-home-across-the-pacific-in-old-age-chinese-american-senior-s-report-of-life-satisfaction-in-a-foreign-land
#13
Heying Jenny Zhan, Qi Wang, Zoe Fawcett, Xiaoqing Li, Xiying Fan
Finding a sense of home for international migrants is challenging. It is even more so for older adults who migrate to a foreign country later in life to follow their adult children. This study examines Chinese immigrant elders' report of their sense of home and life-satisfaction. Based on 21 intensive interviews and107 surveys with elderly immigrants of Chinese descent, this research finds that a comfortable living condition in a natural and built environment contribute to Chinese elders' narrative of a sense of home...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597319/characterizing-the-international-migration-barriers-with-a-probabilistic-multilateral-migration-model
#14
Xiaomeng Li, Hongzhong Xu, Jiawei Chen, Qinghua Chen, Jiang Zhang, Zengru Di
Human migration is responsible for forming modern civilization and has had an important influence on the development of various countries. There are many issues worth researching, and "the reason to move" is the most basic one. The concept of migration cost in the classical self-selection theory, which was introduced by Roy and Borjas, is useful. However, migration cost cannot address global migration because of the limitations of deterministic and bilateral choice. Following the idea of migration cost, this paper developed a new probabilistic multilateral migration model by introducing the Boltzmann factor from statistical physics...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595743/ethnic-differences-in-overweight-and-obesity-and-the-influence-of-acculturation-on-immigrant-bodyweight-evidence-from-a-national-sample-of-australian-adults
#15
Karen Menigoz, Andrea Nathan, Gavin Turrell
BACKGROUND: Despite growing international migration and documented ethnic differences in overweight and obesity in developed countries, no research has described the epidemiology of immigrant overweight and obesity at a national level in Australia, a country where immigrants comprise 28.1 % of the population. The aim of this study was to examine ethnic differences in body mass index (BMI) and overweight/obesity in Australia and the influence of acculturation on bodyweight among Australian immigrants...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27588569/sociopolitical-contexts-for-addiction-recovery-anexos-in-u-s-latino-communities
#16
Anna Pagano, Victor García, Carlos Recarte, Juliet P Lee
BACKGROUND: Anexos are community-based recovery houses that were created in Mexico to serve people struggling with addiction to alcohol and other drugs. Brought to the U.S. by Mexican migrants, anexos provide residential care to primarily male Latino migrants and immigrants who are unable or unwilling to access formal treatment. While some Mexican anexos have come under fire for coercion, confrontational treatment methods, and corporal punishment, little is known about treatment practices in U...
November 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585424/the-generational-gap-mental-disorder-prevalence-and-disability-amongst-first-and-second-generation-immigrants-in-australia
#17
Belinda J Liddell, Angela Nickerson, Lauren Sartor, Lorraine Ivancic, Richard A Bryant
Despite unprecedented numbers of migrants internationally, little is known about the mental health needs of immigrant groups residing in common countries of resettlement. The majority of studies support the 'healthy migrant hypothesis', but few studies have examined: 1) shifts in prevalence patterns across generations; 2) how prevalence relates to disability in immigrant groups. Our study examined the prevalence of common mental disorders and disability in first and second generation migrants to Australia. Twelve-month and lifetime prevalence rates of affective, anxiety, and substance use disorders were obtained from the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (N = 8841)...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574034/the-contribution-of-travellers-visiting-friends-and-relatives-to-notified-infectious-diseases-in-australia-state-based-enhanced-surveillance
#18
A E Heywood, N Zwar, B L Forssman, H Seale, N Stephens, J Musto, C Lane, B Polkinghorne, M Sheikh, M Smith, H Worth, C R Macintyre
Immigrants and their children who return to their country of origin to visit friends and relatives (VFR) are at increased risk of acquiring infectious diseases compared to other travellers. VFR travel is an important disease control issue, as one quarter of Australia's population are foreign-born and one quarter of departing Australian international travellers are visiting friends and relatives. We conducted a 1-year prospective enhanced surveillance study in New South Wales and Victoria, Australia to determine the contribution of VFR travel to notifiable diseases associated with travel, including typhoid, paratyphoid, measles, hepatitis A, hepatitis E, malaria and chikungunya...
August 30, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561153/the-effectiveness-of-telepsychiatry-based-culturally-sensitive-collaborative-treatment-for-depressed-chinese-american-immigrants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Albert Yeung, Max A Martinson, Lee Baer, Justin Chen, Alisabet Clain, Aya Williams, Trina E Chang, Nhi-Ha T Trinh, Jonathan E Alpert, Maurizio Fava
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the effectiveness of a telepsychiatry-based culturally sensitive collaborative treatment (T-CSCT) intervention to improve treatment outcomes for depressed Chinese American immigrants. METHODS: Participants were Chinese Americans recruited from primary care settings from February 1, 2009, to July 31, 2012, with DSM-IV major depressive disorder (MDD) identified by the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Eligible patients were randomized to receive either T-CSCT or treatment as usual (TAU) for 6 months...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557080/development-and-validation-of-the-bicultural-youth-acculturation-questionnaire
#20
Atif Kukaswadia, Ian Janssen, William Pickett, Jasmine Bajwa, Katholiki Georgiades, Richard N Lalonde, Elizabeth C Quon, Saba Safdar, Ian Pike
OBJECTIVES: Acculturation is a multidimensional process involving changes in behaviour and beliefs. Questionnaires developed to measure acculturation are typically designed for specific ethnic populations and adult experiences. This study developed a questionnaire that measures acculturation among ethnically diverse populations of youth that can be included as a module in population surveys. METHODS: Questionnaires measuring acculturation in youth were identified in the literature...
2016: PloS One
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