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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022516/folk-economic-beliefs-an-evolutionary-cognitive-model
#1
Pascal Boyer, Michael Bang Petersen
The domain of "folk-economics" consists in explicit beliefs about the economy held by laypeople, untrained in economics, about such topics as e.g., the causes of the wealth of nations, the benefits or drawbacks of markets and international trade, the effects of regulation, the origins of inequality, the connection between work and wages, the economic consequences of immigration, or the possible causes of unemployment. These beliefs are crucial in forming people's political beliefs, and in shaping their reception of different policies...
October 12, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019027/acculturation-acculturative-stress-and-depressive-symptoms-in-international-migrants-a-study-with-vietnamese-women-in-south-korea
#2
Yong Ju Cho, Yuri Jang, Jung Eun Ko, Sun Hae Lee, Soo Kyung Moon
Globally, there have been increasing numbers of migrant women; these women are at an increased risk for depressive symptoms. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among acculturation, acculturative stress and depressive symptoms in Vietnamese women who migrated to South Korea through marriages. We hypothesized that acculturative stress would serve as a mediator in the relationship between acculturation and depressive symptoms. Our findings from surveys with 217 Vietnamese immigrant women showed that the indirect effect of acculturation on depressive symptoms, mediated through acculturative stress [- ...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016289/experimental-and-clinical-treatment-of-chagas-disease-a-review
#3
Policarpo Ademar Sales Junior, Israel Molina, Silvane Maria Fonseca Murta, Adrián Sánchez-Montalvá, Fernando Salvador, Rodrigo Correa de Oliveira, Cláudia Martins Carneiro
Chagas disease (CD) is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi that infects a broad range of triatomines and mammalian species, including man. It afflicts 8 million people in Latin America, and its incidence is increasing in nonendemic countries owing to rising international immigration and nonvectorial transmission routes such as blood donation. Since the 1960s, the only drugs available for the clinical treatment of this infection have been benznidazole and nifurtimox (NFX). Treatment with these trypanocidal drugs is recommended in both the acute and chronic phases of CD...
October 2, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992958/positive-childhood-experiences-predict-less-psychopathology-and-stress-in-pregnant-women-with-childhood-adversity-a-pilot-study-of-the-benevolent-childhood-experiences-bces-scale
#4
Angela J Narayan, Luisa M Rivera, Rosemary E Bernstein, William W Harris, Alicia F Lieberman
This pilot study examined the psychometric properties of the Benevolent Childhood Experiences (BCEs) scale, a new instrument designed to assess positive early life experiences in adults with histories of childhood maltreatment and other adversities. A counterpart to the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) questionnaire, the BCEs was developed to be multiculturally-sensitive and applicable regardless of socioeconomic position, urban-rural background, or immigration status. Higher levels of BCEs were hypothesized to predict lower levels of psychopathology and stress beyond the effects of ACES in a sample of ethnically diverse, low-income pregnant women...
October 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978328/anxiety-and-depression-in-older-patients-the-role-of-culture-and-acculturation
#5
Anna Zisberg
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are major health concerns in general among older adults and especially during hospitalization, as they lead to numerous negative outcomes. There is currently no sufficient body of research examining the role of cultural background in patients' experience of these conditions. Better identifying patients at risk may help reduce inequity and provide patient-centered, culturally sensitive care. The current study explores the roles of culture and acculturation in anxiety and depression levels in recent and veteran Russian immigrants compared with native Israelis and veteran immigrants from Middle Eastern countries...
October 4, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972530/health-literacy-in-selected-populations-individuals-families-and-communities-from-the-international-and-cultural-perspective
#6
Diane Levin-Zamir, Angela Yee Man Leung, Sarity Dodson, Gillian Rowlands
International and cultural perspectives of health literacy help deepen the understanding of the global context within which health literacy plays an important role. Throughout this chapter, we explore the significance of health literacy initiatives, interventions, practices, and research for addressing health challenges on a variety of levels in the international and global context. More specifically, in this chapter, the notion of health literacy as a dynamic construct is introduced, after which we examine health literacy throughout the life course, emphasizing the impact of health literacy among children and the elderly in their families and in the community...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968403/comparison-of-rubella-immunization-rates-in-immigrant-and-italian-women-of-childbearing-age-results-from-the-italian-behavioral-surveillance-system-passi-2011-2015
#7
Massimo Fabiani, Gianluigi Ferrante, Valentina Minardi, Cristina Giambi, Flavia Riccardo, Silvia Declich, Maria Masocco
BACKGROUND: International migration rapidly increased in the last decade, raising a renewed attention to its impact on public health. We evaluated differences in rubella immunization rate (RIR) between immigrant and Italian women of childbearing age and tried to identify the driving factors causing them. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Italian behavioral surveillance system PASSI collected in 2011-2015 in a nationally representative sample of residents in Italy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966344/acculturation-and-health-the-moderating-role-of-socio-cultural-context
#8
Molly Fox, Zaneta Thayer, Pathik D Wadhwa
Acculturation represents an important construct for elucidating the determinants and consequences of health disparities in minority populations. However, the processes and mechanisms underlying acculturation's effects on health are largely undetermined and warrant further study. We integrate concepts from anthropology and statistics to describe the role of sociocultural context as a putative modifier of the relationship between acculturation and health. Sociocultural context may influence the extent to which exposure to host culture leads to internalization of host cultural orientation, and may influence the extent to which acculturation leads to stress and adoption of unhealthy behaviors...
September 2017: American Anthropologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956948/mental-disorders-among-undocumented-mexican-immigrants-in-high-risk-neighborhoods-prevalence-comorbidity-and-vulnerabilities
#9
Luz M Garcini, Juan M Peña, Thania Galvan, Christopher P Fagundes, Vanessa Malcarne, Elizabeth A Klonoff
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to: (a) provide population-based estimates for the prevalence of mental disorders, including substance use, among undocumented Mexican immigrants; (b) assess for relevant comorbidities; and (c) identify sociodemographic, immigration and contextual vulnerabilities associated with meeting criteria for a disorder. METHOD: This cross-sectional study used Respondent Driven Sampling (RDS) to collect and analyze data from clinical interviews with 248 undocumented Mexican immigrants residing near the California-Mexico border...
October 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953954/epidemiological-clinical-diagnostic-and-economic-features-of-an-immigrant-population-of-chronic-schistosomiasis-sufferers-with-long-term-residence-in-a-non-endemic-country-north-metropolitan-area-of-barcelona-2002-2016
#10
Sílvia Roure, Lluís Valerio, Olga Pérez-Quílez, Gema Fernández-Rivas, Octavio Martínez-Cuevas, Albert Alcántara-Román, Diego Viasus, M Luisa Pedro-Botet, Miquel Sabrià, Bonaventura Clotet
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis, one of the neglected tropical diseases (NTD) listed by the WHO, is an acute and chronic parasitic disease caused by blood flukes (trematode worms) of the genus Schistosoma. Complications of long-term infestation include liver cirrhosis, bladder tumors and kidney failure. The objective of this study was to carry out a clinical and epidemiological characterization of a schistosomiasis-diagnosed immigrant population with long-term residencein the EU as well as to evaluate the diagnostic methods available to date...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953758/part-i-muslims-social-inclusion-and-the-west-exploring-challenges-faced-by-stigmatized-groups
#11
Ahmed Hankir, Frederick R Carrick, Rashid Zaman
The rise of radicalisation, the 'demonization' of Muslims in the media and the immigration crisis in Europe have all contributed and colluded to heightened levels of Islamophobia in the West. The stigmatisation of Muslims can and has resulted in negative outcomes in this group such as elevated levels of psychological distress and an increase in hate crime and terrorist attacks perpetrated against Muslims from members of the far right. There are 1.6 billion Muslims on the planet and Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931134/risk-activities-and-pre-travel-health-seeking-practices-of-notified-cases-of-imported-infectious-diseases-in-australia
#12
Prakash Paudel, C Raina, Nicholas Zwar, Holly Seale, Heather Worth, Mohamud Sheikh, Anita E Heywood
Background: Travellers are at risk of acquiring infectious diseases during travel, with risks differing by destination, travel and traveller characteristics. A pre-travel health consultation may minimize this risk. However, uptake of pre-travel health advice remains low. We investigated pre-travel health preparations and disease-specific risk behaviours among notified cases of selected travel-associated infectious diseases imported into Australia. Methods: Prospective enhanced surveillance of notified cases of typhoid, paratyphoid, measles, hepatitis A, hepatitis E, malaria and chikungunya was conducted in two Australian states between February 2013 and January 2014...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929728/-undocumented-immigrants-what-do-we-know-about-their-health
#13
Giovanni Baglio, Raffaele Di Palma, Erica Eugeni, Antonio Fortino
In Italy, immigrants represent a "fuzzy" set, to which it is difficult to apply dichotomous categories as a classification (i.e., regular/irregular, economic/forced, etcetera). These categories lose its meaning when used to study health phenomena. Rather, the epidemiological profile of such a heterogeneous population depends on the varying influence of health determinants in the life-course of migration. This article builds on those assumptions, and analyses the health of irregularly- staying immigrants by adopting a global approach to the migration phenomenon...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916289/breast-cancer-screening-utilization-among-women-from-muslim-majority-countries-in-ontario-canada
#14
Mandana Vahabi, Aisha Lofters, Eliane Kim, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong, Lisa Ellison, Erin Graves, Richard H Glazier
Breast cancer screening disparities continue to prevail with immigrant women being at the forefront of the under screened population. There is a paucity of knowledge about the role of religious affiliation or cultural orientation on immigrant women's cancer screening uptake. This study examined differences in uptake of breast cancer screening among women from Muslim and non- Muslim majority countries in Ontario, Canada. A cohort of 1,851,834 screening-eligible women living in Ontario during April 1, 2013 to March 31, 2015 was created using linked health and social administrative databases...
September 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906173/diagnosing-prosopagnosia-in-east-asian-individuals-norms-for-the-cambridge-face-memory-test-chinese
#15
Elinor McKone, Lulu Wan, Rachel Robbins, Kate Crookes, Jia Liu
The Cambridge Face Memory Test (CFMT) is widely accepted as providing a valid and reliable tool in diagnosing prosopagnosia (inability to recognize people's faces). Previously, large-sample norms have been available only for Caucasian-face versions, suitable for diagnosis in Caucasian observers. These are invalid for observers of different races due to potentially severe other-race effects. Here, we provide large-sample norms (N = 306) for East Asian observers on an Asian-face version (CFMT-Chinese). We also demonstrate methodological suitability of the CFMT-Chinese for prosopagnosia diagnosis (high internal reliability, approximately normal distribution, norm-score range sufficiently far above chance)...
September 14, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901603/fertility-immigration-and-the-fight-against-climate-change
#16
Jake Earl, Colin Hickey, Travis N Rieder
Several philosophers have recently argued that policies aimed at reducing human fertility are a practical and morally justifiable way to mitigate the risk of dangerous climate change. There is a powerful objection to such "population engineering" proposals: even if drastic fertility reductions are needed to prevent dangerous climate change, implementing those reductions would wreak havoc on the global economy, which would seriously undermine international antipoverty efforts. In this article, we articulate this economic objection to population engineering and show how it fails...
October 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888151/evaluation-of-the-ac-ok-mental-health-and-substance-abuse-screening-measure-in-an-international-sample-of-latino-immigrants
#17
Ligia M Chavez, Patrick E Shrout, Ye Wang, Francisco Collazos, Rodrigo Carmona, Margarita Alegría
BACKGROUND: Early detection and intervention in primary care is integral to behavioral health. Valid, practical screening assessments are scarce, particularly for non-English speaking populations. We address this need by evaluating the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the AC-OK Screen for Co-occurring Disorders for first and second generation immigrant Latinos in Massachusetts, USA, and Madrid and Barcelona, Spain. METHODS: 567 Latino participants were recruited in waiting areas of clinics or by referral from Primary Care, Mental Health, Substance Use, and HIV Treatment Clinics, as well as Community Agencies...
August 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885981/from-surnames-to-linguistic-and-genetic-diversity-five-centuries-of-internal-migrations-in-spain
#18
Roberto Rodríguez-Díaz, María José Blanco-Villegas, Franz Manni
In a previous study concerning 33,753 single Spanish surnames (considered as tokens) occurring 51,419,788 times we have shown that the present-day geography of contemporary surname variability in Spain still corresponds to the political geography of the country at the end of the Middle Ages. Here we reprocess the same database, by clustering surnames with Self-Organizing Maps (SOMs) according to their geographic distribution, to identify the monophyletic surnames showing a geo-historical origin in one of the 47 provinces of continental Spain...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Anthropological Sciences, Rivista di Antropologia: JASS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885419/competency-based-objectives-in-global-underserved-women-s-health-for-medical-trainees
#19
Chi Chiung Grace Chen, Anne Dougherty, Sara Whetstone, Saifuddin T Mama, Margaret Larkins-Pettigrew, Susan P Raine, Amy M Autry
The Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics Committee on Global Health developed an inclusive definition of global women's health and competency-based objectives that reflected work internationally, as well as with U.S. vulnerable and underserved populations, such as refugee and immigrant populations or those who would otherwise have compromised access to health care. The knowledge, skill, and attitude-based competencies required to fulfill each learning objective were mapped to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Outcomes Project's educational domains and the Consortium of Universities for Global Health competency domains...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878113/documentation-of-measles-elimination-in-iran-evidences-from-2012-to-2014
#20
Manoochehr Karami, Seyed Mohsen Zahraei, Azam Sabouri, Rambod Soltanshahi, Azam Biderafsh, Naser Piri, Jong-Koo Lee
BACKGROUND: Documentation of achieving the goal of measles elimination to justify to international organizations including the WHO is a priority for public health authorities. This study aimed to address the status of Iran in the achievement of the measles elimination goal from 2012-2014. STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive study METHODS: Data on the measles outbreaks were extracted from the national notifiable measles surveillance system in Iran from 2012 to 2014. The required documents regarding the achievement of measles elimination, including Effective Reproduction Number (R) and the distribution of outbreak size, was addressed...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
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