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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672682/heia-tools-inclusion-of-migrants-in-health-policy-in-canada
#1
Kevin Pottie, Branka Agic, Douglas Archibald, Ayesha Ratnayake, Marcela Tapia, Joanne Thanos
This paper introduces the Migrant Populations Equity Extension for Ontario's Health Equity Impact Assessment (HEIA) initiatives. It provides a mechanism to address the needs of migrant populations, within a program and policy framework. Validation of an equity extension framework using community leaders and health practitioners engaged in HEIA workshops across Ontario. Participants assessed migrants' health needs and discussed how to integrate these needs into health policy. The Migrant Populations Equity Extension's framework assists decision makers assess relevant populations, collaborate with immigrant communities, improve policy development and mitigate unintended negative impacts of policy initiatives...
April 17, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670755/growing-up-in-australia-paradox-of-overweight-obesity-in-children-of-immigrants-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#2
T Zulfiqar, L Strazdins, C Banwell, H Dinh, C D'Este
Objective: Children of immigrants from low-and-middle-income countries show excess overweight/obesity risk relative to host populations, possibly due to socioeconomic disadvantage. The present study was conducted to estimate overweight/obesity prevalence and its association with the family socioeconomic-position in 2-11-year-old Australian-born children of immigrants and Australian-mothers. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of 10-year data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children was undertaken...
April 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667718/trajectories-of-psychopathology-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-from-early-adolescence-to-adulthood-a-20-year-longitudinal-study
#3
Ryan J Van Lieshout, Mark A Ferro, Louis A Schmidt, Michael H Boyle, Saroj Saigal, Katherine M Morrison, Karen J Mathewson
BACKGROUND: Individuals born extremely preterm are exposed to significant perinatal stresses that are associated with an increased risk of psychopathology. However, a paucity of longitudinal studies has prevented the empirical examination of long-term, dynamic effects of perinatal adversity on mental health. Here, internalizing and externalizing problems from adolescence through adulthood were compared in individuals born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1,000 g) and normal birth weight (NBW; >2,500 g)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659208/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-as-a-significant-correlate-of-voluntary-antiretroviral-treatment-interruption-in-adult-hiv-infected-patients-followed-up-in-french-hospitals-data-from-the-anrs-vespa2-national-survey
#4
Perrine Roux, Fabienne Marcellin, Khadim Ndiaye, Marie Suzan-Monti, Aurélie Mayet, Martin Duracinsky, Laélia Briand-Madrid, Gwenaëlle Maradan, Marion Mora, Marie Préau, Pierre Verger, Patrizia Carrieri, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Bruno Spire
OBJECTIVE: Although antiretroviral treatment (ART) no longer requires 100% adherence, voluntary treatment interruption (VTI) still may have a negative impact on virologic success. Previous studies have shown that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is more prevalent in HIV-infected patients than in the general population. However, no study has yet investigated the relationship between PTSD and VTI. We analyzed this relationship using data from a French national survey representative of HIV-infected adults followed up in hospitals...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658739/child-inhibitory-control-and-maternal-acculturation-moderate-effects-of-maternal-parenting-on-chinese-american-children-s-adjustment
#5
Jing Yu, Charissa S L Cheah, Craig H Hart, Chongming Yang
The goals of this study were to examine: (a) bidirectional associations between maternal parenting (physical punishment and guilt induction) and Chinese American preschool children's psychosocial adjustment and (b) the role of maternal cultural orientation and child temperament in moderating parenting effects. Participants were Chinese American mothers and children (N = 163, Mage = 4.56, 53% boys). Mothers reported on their parenting practices at both Wave 1 (W1) and Wave 2 (W2) and their cultural orientations and children's inhibitory control at W1...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650871/-a-discussion-of-involvement-of-pharmacists-in-home-medical-care-in-foreign-countries-and-international-comparison-of-medical-care-system
#6
Tokuko Okuda
In an aging society, the sustainability of the public medical system is the most important factor. I surveyed leading cases in Japan, as well as corresponding cases overseas. I also conducted interviews in Britain, North America, and Europe, and these indicated the current trends and issues. The UK has a universal insurance system and, facing a declining birthrate and an aging population, they have adopted a policy of immigration, which has various problems. However, the GP system is highly regarded by the OECD...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625619/mapping-the-lack-of-public-initiative-against-female-genital-mutilation-in-denmark
#7
Gro Møller Christoffersen, Peter James Bruhn, Rosanna de Neergaard, Susanne Engel, Vibeke Naeser
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a harmful practice prevalent in 35 countries, mainly in Africa, as well as in some Middle Eastern countries and a few Asian countries. FGM comprises all procedures that involve partial or complete resection of, or other injury to, external female genitalia for non-medical reasons. The practice of FGM has spread to Western countries due to migration. The European Institute for Gender Equality recommend that FGM be combatted by nationally coordinated efforts through implementation of national action plans, guidelines for professionals as well as comprehensive research in the field...
April 7, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582953/-to-be-a-resident-in-the-department-of-medicine
#8
Matan Fischer, Zahi Abu Ghosh, Limor Rubin, Fadi Kharouf, Oshrat Ayalon, Danna Dror, Batla Falah, Dror Mevorach
Sir William Osler is considered to be one of the fathers of modern medicine who pioneered the practice of bedside teaching of clinical medicine for medical students and residents. Osler was well known as a diagnostician and outstanding therapist with a humanized approach and rare didactic capabilities. Medical training at Hadassah is built on the central tenets of Osler's approach, incorporating the tremendous advances in science and medicine. Training for residents in Internal Medicine is designed to develop a broad base of medical and, if possible, scientific knowledge, as well as skills and competencies to deliver a high standard of patient care...
March 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579801/guinean-population-emigrant-to-spain-has-very-little-awareness-of-the-donation-and-transplantation-of-organs
#9
A Ríos, J Carrillo, A I López-Navas, L Martínez-Alarcón, M A Ayala, G Garrido, G Ramis, A M Hernández, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
INTRODUCTION: The Guinean population is an emerging group in Europe, but the group's awareness of organ donation and transplantation has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the attitude toward organ donation among the population born in Guinea living in Spain. METHODS: The population older than 15 years, born in Guinea, and resident in Spain was studied, stratified by age and sex, according to census data and immigrant assistance associations...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579799/is-the-incipient-community-of-senegalese-emigrants-to-spain-in-favor-of-the-donation-of-related-renal-live
#10
A Ríos, J Carrillo, A I López-Navas, L Martínez-Alarcón, M A Ayala, G Garrido, G Ramis, A M Hernández, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
BACKGROUND: Senegalese populations are massively migrating to the southern parts of the European Union, especially Spain, France, and Italy. The attitude towards living kidney donation in this group is little known. The objective of this study was to analyze the attitude toward living kidney donation of subjects from the population of Senegalese residents in Spain. METHODS: The study subjects were the Senegalese population residing in Spain aged >15 years stratified according to age and sex, according to census data and immigrant support associations...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565624/intersectionality-in-psychotherapy-the-experiences-of-an-afrolatinx-queer-immigrant
#11
Hector Y Adames, Nayeli Y Chavez-Dueñas, Shweta Sharma, Martin J La Roche
Culturally responsive and racially conscious psychotherapeutic work requires that therapists recognize the ways clients are impacted by their multiple marginalized identities and by systems of oppression (e.g., racism, ethnocentrism, sexism, heterosexism, and nativism). Attending exclusively to clients' marginalized identities (i.e., weak intersectionality) may drive therapists to only focus on internal, subjective, and emotional experiences, hence, missing the opportunity to consider and address how multiple sociostructural dimensions (i...
March 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552991/psychometric-properties-of-the-inventory-of-attitudes-toward-seeking-mental-health-services-chinese-version
#12
Yvonne Tieu, Candace Konnert, Leanne Quigley
Research on underutilization patterns of mental health services among older Chinese immigrants is limited, partly due to the absence of translated, psychometrically sound measures for assessing attitudes towards seeking help. In this study we interviewed 200 older Chinese Canadian immigrants using a translated version of the Inventory of Attitudes Toward Seeking Mental Health Services scale (IASMHS), and assessed mental health care utilization over the past 12 months and intentions to seek help. Confirmatory factor analysis failed to replicate the original three-factor structure; thus, we used exploratory factor analysis to create a 20-item Chinese version, the C-IASMHS...
March 19, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546918/-health-inequality-gap-in-inmigrant-versus-local-children-in-chile
#13
Baltica Cabieses, Macarena Chepo, Marcela Oyarte, Niina Markkula, Patricia Bustos, Víctor Pedrero, Iris Delgado
INTRODUCTION: Children and young international migrants face different health challenges compa red with the local population, particularly if they live in insecure environments or adverse social conditions. This study seeks to identify gaps in health outcomes of children between immigrant and local population in Chile. METHODS: This study analyses data from three sources: (i) Born in Chile: Electronic records of antenatal visits from all municipal antenatal clinics of Recoleta in 2012; (ii) Growing up in Chile: Population survey "National Socioeconomic Characterization" (CASEN) from 2013 and (iii) Getting sick in Chile: Data of all hospital discharges in 2012, provided by the department of statistics and health information (DEIS) of the Ministry of Health...
December 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545111/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-using-the-fasting-plasma-glucose-level-to-simplify-the-international-association-of-diabetes-and-pregnancy-study-groups-diagnostic-algorithm-in-an-adult-south-asian-population
#14
Mukesh M Agarwal, John Punnose, Komal Sukhija, Asha Sharma, Naimaa K Choudhary
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the value of the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level for simplifying the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups (IADPSG) diagnostic algorithm of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in a South Asian population. METHODS: In 6,520 pregnant women undergoing universal screening with the 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), the area under receiver operating characteristic curve was used to determine the overall FPG performance to detect GDM (IADPSG criteria)...
December 15, 2017: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521172/hans-enoch-and-vivicillin
#15
Gilbert Shama
Hans Emmanuel Enoch (1896-1991) was born in Hamburg, the son of a manufacturer of sera and vaccines. Upon his father's death, he took charge of the Hamburg Serum Werke. Following the rise of Hitler, he came to be pilloried in the Nazi press for allegedly having poisoned the population of Hamburg and was imprisoned for a time. He immigrated to England in 1935 where he had secured a position with the International Serum Company in Norwich. Following the outbreak of war, he was interned as an enemy alien, eventually ending up in Canada...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520750/life-around-the-north-water-ecosystem-natural-and-social-drivers-of-change-over-a-millennium
#16
Kirsten Hastrup, Astrid Oberborbeck Andersen, Bjarne Grønnow, Mads Peter Heide-Jørgensen
The formation of the North Water in Smith Sound about 4500 years ago, as evidenced by the establishment of bird colonies and human presence, also initiated a long-term anthropogenic agent as part of this High Arctic ecosystem. Different epochs have influenced the human occupation in the area: immigration pulses from Canada and Alaska, trade with meteorite iron throughout the Arctic, introduction of new technologies by whalers and explorers, exploitation of resources by foreigners, political sequestration, export of fox and seal skins and later narwhal products, and recently fishing...
March 8, 2018: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515969/rethinking-immigration-policy-theory-beyond-western-liberal-democracies
#17
Katharina Natter
How do political systems shape immigration policy-making? Explicitly or implicitly, comparative politics and migration policy theories suggest a 'regime effect' that links specific dynamics of immigration policy to liberal democracy. The literature's dominant focus on so-called 'Western liberal democracies', however, has left the 'regime effect' largely untested and research on variations and similarities in immigration policymaking across political systems strikingly undertheorized. This paper challenges the theoretical usefulness of essentialist, dichotomous categories such as Western/non-Western or democratic/autocratic and calls for a more nuanced theorizing of immigration policy-making...
2018: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514473/a-qualitative-systematic-review-of-published-work-on-disclosure-and-help-seeking-for-domestic-violence-and-abuse-among-women-from-ethnic-minority-populations-in-the-uk
#18
Omolade Femi-Ajao, Sarah Kendal, Karina Lovell
INTRODUCTION: Domestic violence and abuse has been recognised as an international public health problem. However, the pervasiveness of the problem is unknown due in part to underreporting, especially among women from ethnic minority populations. In relation to this group, this review seeks to explore: (1) the barriers to disclosure; (2) the facilitators of help-seeking; and (3) self-perceived impacts of domestic violence. DESIGN: We systematically identified published qualitative studies conducted among women from ethnic minority populations in the UK...
March 7, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508366/prevalence-of-obesity-in-italian-adolescents-does-the-use-of-different-growth-charts-make-the-difference
#19
Luca De Carli, Elena Spada, Silvano Milani, Gian Pasquale Ganzit, Lucia Ghizzoni, Melissa Raia, Alessandra Coscia, Enrico Bertino, Simona Bo
BACKGROUND: Since populations are becoming increasingly multi-ethnic, the use of local or international charts is a matter of debate. This study aimed to evaluate how the choice of cut-off thresholds affected prevalence of underweight (UW), overweight (OW), obesity (OB) in 1200 11-12-year Italian adolescents, and how their somatic growth depended on parental origin. METHODS: The height, weight and body mass index were expressed as standard deviation score (SDS) using Italian (ISPED-2006) and UK (UK-1990) charts...
March 5, 2018: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494587/mortality-ethnicity-and-country-of-birth-on-a-national-scale-2001-2013-a-retrospective-cohort-scottish-health-and-ethnicity-linkage-study
#20
Raj S Bhopal, Laurence Gruer, Genevieve Cezard, Anne Douglas, Markus F C Steiner, Andrew Millard, Duncan Buchanan, S Vittal Katikireddi, Aziz Sheikh
BACKGROUND: Migrant and ethnic minority groups are often assumed to have poor health relative to the majority population. Few countries have the capacity to study a key indicator, mortality, by ethnicity and country of birth. We hypothesized at least 10% differences in mortality by ethnic group in Scotland that would not be wholly attenuated by adjustment for socio-economic factors or country of birth. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We linked the Scottish 2001 Census to mortality data (2001-2013) in 4...
March 2018: PLoS Medicine
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