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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414585/race-language-or-length-of-residency-explaining-unequal-uptake-of-government-pensions-in-canada
#1
Josh Curtis, Weizhen Dong, Naomi Lightman, Matthew Parbst
Canada's old age security (OAS), a flat benefit public pension, is internationally lauded as an accessible and effective safety net for seniors. This paper explores discrepancies in OAS uptake using Canadian Census data from 1996-2011. Our findings demonstrate disparities in OAS uptake based on immigration status, language proficiency, and visible minority status, disputing claims of 'universal' OAS provision. Multivariate analyses confirm a strong 'immigrant effect' with being in Canada for 20 years or less leading to lower rates of OAS utilization...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396090/executive-summary-of-imported-infectious-diseases-after-returning-from-foreign-travel-consensus-document-of-the-spanish-society-for-infectious-diseases-and-clinical-microbiology-seimc
#2
José Luis Pérez-Arellano, Miguel Górgolas-Hernández-Mora, Fernando Salvador, Cristina Carranza-Rodríguez, Germán Ramírez-Olivencia, Esteban Martín-Echeverría, Azucena Rodríguez-Guardado, Francesca Norman, Virginia Velasco-Tirado, Zuriñe Zubero-Sulibarría, Gerardo Rojo-Marcos, José Muñoz-Gutierrez, José Manuel Ramos-Rincón, M Paz Sánchez-Seco-Fariñas, María Velasco-Arribas, Moncef Belhassen-García, Mar Lago-Nuñez, Elías Cañas García-Otero, Rogelio López-Vélez
In a global world, knowledge of imported infectious diseases is essential in daily practice, both for the microbiologist-parasitologist and the clinician who diagnoses and treats infectious diseases in returned travelers. Tropical and subtropical countries where there is a greater risk of contracting an infectious disease are among the most frequently visited tourist destinations. The SEIMC considers it appropriate to produce a consensus document that will be useful to primary care physicians as well as specialists in internal medicine, infectious diseases and tropical medicine who help treat travelers returning from tropical and sub-tropical areas with infections...
April 7, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391501/unaccompanied-children-at-the-united-states-border-a-human-rights-crisis-that-can-be-addressed-with-policy-change
#3
REVIEW
Janna Ataiants, Chari Cohen, Amy Henderson Riley, Jamile Tellez Lieberman, Mary Clare Reidy, Mariana Chilton
In recent years, unaccompanied minors have been journeying to the United States (U.S.)-Mexico border in great numbers in order to escape violence, poverty and exploitation in their home countries. Yet, unaccompanied children attempting to cross the United States border face treatment at the hands of government representatives which violates their inherent rights as children. The result is a human rights crisis that has severe health consequences for the children. Their rights as children are clearly delineated in various, international human rights documents which merit increased understanding of and recognition by the U...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376822/internationally-educated-nurses-in-canada-predictors-of-workforce-integration
#4
Christine L Covell, Marie-Douce Primeau, Kelley Kilpatrick, Isabelle St-Pierre
BACKGROUND: Global trends in migration accompanied with recent changes to the immigrant selection process may have influenced the demographic and human capital characteristics of internationally educated nurses (IENs) in Canada and in turn the assistance required to facilitate their workforce integration. This study aimed to describe the demographic and human capital profile of IENs in Canada, to explore recent changes to the profile, and to identify predictors of IENs' workforce integration...
April 4, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375715/emotional-alienation-as-a-mediator-of-the-relationship-between-perceived-discrimination-and-alcohol-use-among-immigrant-adolescents-in-israel
#5
Sophie D Walsh, Maya Sagis-Krebs, Ashi Gross
Perceived discrimination has been found to be a predictor of immigrant adolescent involvement in alcohol use, yet the psychological mechanism behind this relationship has not been well explored. Drawing on strain theory and the motivational model of alcohol use, the current study aimed to develop and test a concept of emotional alienation. In the proposed model, it is when experiences of discrimination are internalized into painful feelings of detachment, anger, rejection, and failure that the immigrant adolescent may turn to alcohol use...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355613/clostridium-difficile-infection-in-returning-travellers
#6
A Michal Stevens, Douglas H Esposito, Rhett J Stoney, Davidson H Hamer, Jose Flores-Figueroa, Emmanuel Bottieau, Bradley A Connor, Effrossyni Gkrania-Klotsas, Abraham Goorhuis, Noreen A Hynes, Michael Libman, Rogelio Lopez-Velez, Anne E McCarthy, Frank von Sonnenburg, Eli Schwartz, Perry J J van Genderen, L Scott Benson, Daniel T Leung
Background: There is increasing recognition of the contribution of community-acquired cases to the global burden of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). The epidemiology of CDI among international travellers is poorly understood, and factors associated with international travel, such as antibiotic use and changes in gut microbiota, could potentially put travellers at higher risk. Methods: We summarized demographic, travel-associated and geographic characteristics of travellers with CDI in the GeoSentinel database from 1997 to 2015...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350308/an-innovative-program-to-support-internationally-educated-health-professionals-and-their-instructors-role-of-the-clinical-practice-facilitator
#7
Sylvia Daniel, Annemarie L Lee, Sharon Switzer-McIntyre, Cathy Evans
INTRODUCTION: Internationally educated health professionals immigrating to other countries may experience difficulty in clinical practice, due to linguistic and cultural factors. An important element of bridging is the opportunity for internationally educated health professionals to practice in a clinical environment. To support these health professionals and their clinical instructors, a Clinical Practice Facilitator (CPF) role was created. This study aimed to examine the CPF from internationally educated health professionals and clinical instructors' perspective...
October 2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334411/first-report-of-mating-disruption-with-an-aggregation-pheromone-a-case-study-with-tetropium-fuscum-coleoptera-cerambycidae
#8
Jon Sweeney, Peter J Silk, Marc Rhainds, Wayne MacKay, Cory Hughes, Kate Van Rooyen, Wayne MacKinnon, Gaetan Leclair, Steve Holmes, Edward G Kettela
Tetropium fuscum (F.), native to Europe and established in Nova Scotia, Canada, since at least 1990, is considered a low-to-moderate threat to spruce (Picea spp.) forests in North America and regulated as a quarantine pest by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. We tested broadcast applications of the aggregation pheromone racemic (5E)-6,10-dimethyl-5,9-undecadien-2-ol (fuscumol), formulated at 10% concentration in Hercon Bio-Flakes (Hercon International, Emigsville, PA), for efficacy in disrupting T. fuscum mating and suppressing populations...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329540/acral-keratoses-and-squamous-cell-carcinomas-likely-associated-with-arsenic-exposure
#9
Amelia K Hausauer, Rachel Hoffmann, Vitaly Terushkin, Shane A Meehan, Alisa N Femia, Miriam Keltz Pomeranz
Chronic arsenic exposure is known to inducepunctate keratoses with an increased risk ofprimary squamous-cell carcinoma. Drinking wateris currently the major source of arsenic exposureworldwide and is considered one of the mostsubstantial environmental carcinogens. We describethe case of a 61-year-old Hungarian woman withscattered, acral, hyperkeratotic papules and a historyof five palmoplantar squamous-cell carcinomasas well as two other extremity non-melanomaskin cancers. Prior to immigration, she had livedin a county of Southern Hungary that is known tohave elevated concentrations of inorganic arsenicin the drinking water above the World HealthOrganization's current maximum threshold forsafety...
December 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322313/the-epidemic-dynamics-of-hepatitis-c-virus-subtypes-4a-and-4d-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Ahmed A Al-Qahtani, Guy Baele, Nisreen Khalaf, Marc A Suchard, Mashael R Al-Anazi, Ayman A Abdo, Faisal M Sanai, Hamad I Al-Ashgar, Mohammed Q Khan, Mohammed N Al-Ahdal, Philippe Lemey, Bram Vrancken
The relatedness between viral variants sampled at different locations through time can provide information pertinent to public health that cannot readily be obtained through standard surveillance methods. Here, we use virus genetic data to identify the transmission dynamics that drive the hepatitis C virus subtypes 4a (HCV4a) and 4d (HCV4d) epidemics in Saudi Arabia. We use a comprehensive dataset of newly generated and publicly available sequence data to infer the HCV4a and HCV4d evolutionary histories in a Bayesian statistical framework...
March 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289140/detention-of-immigrant-children
#11
Julie M Linton, Marsha Griffin, Alan J Shapiro
Immigrant children seeking safe haven in the United States, whether arriving unaccompanied or in family units, face a complicated evaluation and legal process from the point of arrival through permanent resettlement in communities. The conditions in which children are detained and the support services that are available to them are of great concern to pediatricians and other advocates for children. In accordance with internationally accepted rights of the child, immigrant and refugee children should be treated with dignity and respect and should not be exposed to conditions that may harm or traumatize them...
March 13, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258488/flexplex27-highly-multiplexed-rapid-dna-identification-for-law-enforcement-kinship-and-military-applications
#12
Ranjana Grover, Hua Jiang, Rosemary S Turingan, Julie L French, Eugene Tan, Richard F Selden
Rapid DNA identification is the use of a rugged, field-deployable system to generate short tandem repeat (STR) profiles in law enforcement, military, immigration, and homeland security applications. A performance verification study was conducted on the ANDE Rapid DNA identification system using FlexPlex27, a highly multiplexed, 27 locus assay that generates data for the expanded CODIS core loci and all additional STR loci required for international databasing. The assay contains 23 autosomal loci (D1S1656, D2S1338, D2S441, D3S1358, D5S81, D6S1043, D7S820, D8S1179, D10S1248, D12S391, D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D19S433, D21S11, D22S1045, FGA, CSF1PO, Penta E, TH01, vWA, TPOX, and SE33), three Y-chromosomal loci (DYS391, DYS576, and DYS570), and Amelogenin...
March 3, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253421/internationally-educated-nurses-in-transition-in-the-united-states-challenges-and-mediators
#13
Marlene M Rosenkoetter, Deena Nardi, Marilyn Bowcutt
International migration has doubled worldwide since 1970, and nurses are increasingly becoming a part of this trend. In 2008, approximately 5.6% of RN positions were filled by nurses educated in other countries. One of the critical issues is the transition of these immigrated nurses to the U.S. health care system and acculturation in a new society. Continuing education is necessary to promote adjustment and provide for a successful transition while ensuring quality patient care. The life patterns model provides a framework to describe the challenges and potential mediators in the transition process...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240735/universal-expositions-physics-chemistry-and-new-occupational-diseases-the-case-of-marie-sklodowska-curie-and-radium-girls
#14
Silvana Salerno
BACKGROUND: Radium discovery by Marie and Pierre Curies caused previously unknown diseases. Marie Sklodowska Curie (1867-1934) suffered from radiations effects, as did girls in the radium dial watches factories. Therapeutic effects of radium were soon discovered, its unhealthy effects were as yet unheard of. OBJECTIVES: Analysis of Marie Sklodowska Curie (Marie) and radium girls occupational exposure, taking scientific debate on radium dangerous effects into account...
February 15, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209706/provider-and-patient-related-determinants-of-diabetes-self-management-among-recent-immigrants-implications-for-systemic-change
#15
Ilene Hyman, Yogendra Shakya, Nathaniel Jembere, Enza Gucciardi, Bilkis Vissandjée
OBJECTIVE: To examine provider- and patient-related factors associated with diabetes self-management among recent immigrants. DESIGN: Demographic and experiential data were collected using an international survey instrument and adapted to the Canadian context. The final questionnaire was pretested and translated into 4 languages: Mandarin, Tamil, Bengali, and Urdu. SETTING: Toronto, Ont. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 130 recent immigrants with a self-reported diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus who had resided in Canada for 10 years or less...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164824/medical-care-for-undocumented-immigrants-national-and-international-issues
#16
REVIEW
Teresa L Beck, Thien-Kim Le, Queen Henry-Okafor, Megha K Shah
The number of undocumented immigrants (UIs) varies worldwide, and most reside in the United States. With more than 12 million UIs in the United States, addressing the health care needs of this population presents unique challenges and opportunities. Most UIs are uninsured and rely on the safety-net health system for their care. Because of young age, this population is often considered to be healthier than the overall US population, but they have specific health conditions and risks. Adequate coverage is lacking; however, there are examples of how to better address the health care needs of UIs...
March 2017: Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154448/demographic-characteristics-of-applicants-to-and-students-of-ontario-physiotherapy-education-programs-2004-2014-trends-in-gender-geographical-location-aboriginal-identity-and-immigrant-status
#17
Cara M Coghlan, Hilary Mallinger, Alison McFadden, Jocelynn Richard, Arlee Stern, Kathleen E Norman
Purpose: The authors analyzed the demographics of potential future physiotherapists to determine whether they were representative of the Canadian population. The specific objectives were to examine selected demographic variables from all applicants to and students in Ontario English-language Master of Physical Therapy programmes in admission cycles 2004-2014, inclusive, and to analyze the results as compared with Canadian population data. Method: Anonymized applicant records (n=14,135) were obtained for admission cycles 2004-2014, inclusive...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111614/surveying-immigrants-without-sampling-frames-evaluating-the-success-of-alternative-field-methods
#18
David Reichel, Laura Morales
This paper evaluates the sampling methods of an international survey, the Immigrant Citizens Survey, which aimed at surveying immigrants from outside the European Union (EU) in 15 cities in seven EU countries. In five countries, no sample frame was available for the target population. Consequently, alternative ways to obtain a representative sample had to be found. In three countries 'location sampling' was employed, while in two countries traditional methods were used with adaptations to reach the target population...
2017: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109623/first-childbirth-experience-of-international-marriage-migrant-women-in-south-korea
#19
Min Sun Chu, Minna Park, Jung A Kim
PROBLEM AND BACKGROUND: Since the mid-1990s, a large number of foreign women have migrated from developing countries to South Korea by means of international marriages. These nulliparous foreign women may experience more difficulties in pregnancy and childbirth than native Koreans. AIM: This study aimed to describe the meaning of the first childbirth experiences of international marriage migrant women marrying Korean men in South Korea. METHODS: This is a descriptive phenomenological study that included 10 participants using the purposive and snowball sampling in one multicultural support center in Seoul, South Korea...
January 18, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077059/ignorance-is-not-bliss-the-effect-of-systematic-information-on-immigrants-knowledge-of-and-satisfaction-with-the-danish-healthcare-system
#20
Signe Smith Jervelund, Thomas Maltesen, Camilla Lawaetz Wimmelmann, Jørgen Holm Petersen, Allan Krasnik
AIMS: Suboptimal healthcare utilisation and lower satisfaction with the patient-doctor encounter among immigrants has been documented. Immigrants' lack of familiarity with the healthcare system has been proposed as an explanation for this. This study investigated whether a systematic delivery of information affected immigrants' knowledge of and satisfaction with the Danish healthcare system. METHODS: A prospective, randomised intervention study of 1158 adult immigrants attending two language schools in Copenhagen was conducted...
2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
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