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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805124/migration-violence-and-the-role-of-psychiatry-in-italy
#1
Antonio Ventriglio, Antonello Bellomo, Giovanna Vitrani, Eleonora Stella, Alessandro Gentile, Dinesh Bhugra
Immigration to Italy has been increasing exponentially in the last decades due to the international political changes and conflicts in the Middle East. The relationship between immigration and crimes is a debated issue, and violent radicalization of second or third generations of migrants is under increased scrutiny. Consequently, many politicians and political parties use nationalist and xenophobic language. Inevitably, this will have an impact on reactions of the larger population, as well as that of migrants...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801507/diary-of-a-parliamentary-intern
#2
John Chitty
How the loss of non-UK EU vets could threaten animal welfare, public health and our ability to trade was discussed at a BVA/RCVS reception in Parliament in June. Parliamentary intern Anthony Ridge reports how the discussions will influence the Government's future immigration policy.
August 12, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799158/-the-impact-of-immigrant-status-on-the-mode-of-hospital-referral-impression-of-disease-severity-and-length-of-stay-in-inpatient-general-pediatric-care
#3
Sebastian Ullrich, Yuriy Nesterko, Diana Briel, Andreas Hiemisch, Elmar Brähler, Heide Glaesmer
Background National as well as international research often shows differences in health and health behavior between children and youth with and without migration background. It is also noted that there are differences in the use of health services depending on the migration background. Patients and Methods Data from 266 pediatric patients, regarding their hospitalization, general impression of health status and length of stay in a hospital, were analyzed depending on the migration background. Information on migration background and treatment-related data were obtained from the parents of the patient or from the hospital information system (SAP)...
August 10, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767964/-international-migration-health-and-work-an-analysis-of-haitians-in-mato-grosso-state-brazil
#4
Luís Henrique da Costa Leão, Ana Paula Muraro, Cássia Carraco Palos, Maria Angela C Martins, Fabiano Tonaco Borges
This article addresses the relations between immigration, health, and work in Haitian immigrants in Cuiabá and Várzea Grande, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, emphasizing their work conditions. This was an exploratory study based on primary data collected through a survey of the Haitian population in Cuiabá in 2014-2015. A total of 452 Haitians were interviewed, living in Cuiabá and Várzea Grande (373 men and 79 women), and the findings point to the precarious social situation of Haitian immigrants in Mato Grosso State, marked by high unemployment...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767615/imported-schistosomiasis-in-children-clinical-diagnostic-aspects-and-outcome-in-5-tertiary-hospitals-in-france
#5
Claire Leblanc, Luu-Ly Pham, Patricia Mariani, Luigi Titomanlio, Alaa El Ghoneimi, Luc Paris, Simon Escoda, Henri Lottmann, Julie Toubiana, André Paugam, Tim Ulinski, Olivier Bouchaud, Sophie Brun, Arezki Izri, Albert Faye, Loïc De Pontual
INTRODUCTION: Schistosomiasis affects more than 230 million people worldwide. Given the increase in international travel and/or immigration from endemic regions, the incidence of imported schistosomiasis in France may be rising. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiologic, clinical, and paraclinical characteristics and disease outcome of imported schistosomiasis in children in the Paris region between 2010 and 2015. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All children diagnosed with schistosomiasis in five tertiary care centers in the Paris region were included in a retrospective study...
July 27, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734520/management-of-refugees-and-international-adoptees
#6
REVIEW
Linda A Waggoner-Fountain
Refugee children and international adoptees have special medical considerations that must be addressed. Providers must be aware of the immigration history, where, and under what circumstances the child lived and migrated to the United States. Federal guidelines exist regarding which infections should be screened for, and how and when and which vaccines should be administered.
August 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723930/does-culture-create-craving-evidence-from-the-case-of-menstrual-chocolate-craving
#7
Julia M Hormes, Martha A Niemiec
Craving is considered a key characteristic of diverse pathologies, but evidence suggests it may be a culture-bound construct. Almost 50% of American women crave chocolate specifically around the onset of menstruation. Research does not support popular accounts implicating physiological factors in menstrual chocolate craving etiology. We tested the novel hypothesis that greater menstrual craving prevalence in the U.S. is the product of internalized cultural norms. Women of diverse backgrounds (n = 275) reported on craving frequency and triggers and completed validated measures of acculturation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720238/job-satisfaction-demands-of-immigration-among-international-nursing-staff-working-in-the-long-term-care-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Li-Xin Pung, Shefaly Shorey, Yong-Shian Goh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715467/dealing-with-foreign-cultural-paradigms-a-systematic-review-on-intercultural-challenges-of-international-medical-graduates
#9
Kerstin Michalski, Nabeel Farhan, Edith Motschall, Werner Vach, Martin Boeker
OBJECTIVES: An increasing number of International Medical Graduates (IMG), who are defined to be physicians working in a country other than their country of origin and training, immigrate to Western countries. In order to ensure safe and high-quality patient care, they have to take medical and language tests. This systematic review aims to (1) collect all empiric research on intercultural communication of IMGs in medical settings, (2) identify and categorize all text passages mentioning intercultural issues in the included studies, and (3) describe the most commonly reported intercultural areas of communication of IMGs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714707/prospective-relations-between-parent-adolescent-acculturation-conflict-and-mental-health-symptoms-among-vietnamese-american-adolescents
#10
Diem Julie Nguyen, Joanna J Kim, Bahr Weiss, Victoria Ngo, Anna S Lau
OBJECTIVES: Intergenerational acculturation conflict in immigrant families has been implicated as a risk factor for adolescent maladjustment. However, the directionality and specific family related mediators of this association have not been identified. The present study prospectively examined relations between adolescent reports of perceived acculturation conflict and internalizing and externalizing mental health symptoms. Perceived parent-adolescent relationship strain and perceived parental psychological control were examined as potential mediators...
July 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712410/achieving-self-sufficiency-training-australia-s-future-medical-workforce
#11
Brian Fernandes, Edward R Scheffer Cliff, Amelia Chowdhury
There is an oversupply of Australian junior doctors, but significant training bottlenecks are developing, and geographical maldistribution in rural and remote areas remains. Last year, the Federal Minister for Immigration rejected a Department of Health recommendation for the removal of 41 health roles from the Skilled Occupation List after concerns that rural and regional communities would be left without access to medical services in areas currently serviced by international medical graduates. In an effort to achieve workforce self-sufficiency, Australia must ensure access to high-quality vocational training places in rural and regional settings while managing immigration of overseas-trained health professionals...
July 17, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689089/a-qualitative-study-of-barriers-and-facilitators-in-treating-drug-use-among-israeli-mothers-an-intersectional-perspective
#12
Keren Gueta
RATIONALE: Despite the benefits and availability of drug treatment in Western countries, research has shown low utilisation rates, especially by mothers. Studies have indicated internal barriers (e.g., shame) and external/structural barriers (e.g., poverty) to women's utilisation of drug treatment, but little is known about the interrelated axes of marginalization that create such barriers and, even less, facilitators of treatment. A promising avenue for examining this path may be the theoretical perspective of intersectionality, which has often been used to illustrate how women's experiences are shaped by gender in conjunction with other factors, including class, age, and race...
June 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687481/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-hiv-hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-c-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-total-population-study-of-sweden
#13
Clarissa Bauer-Staeb, Lena Jörgensen, Glyn Lewis, Christina Dalman, David P J Osborn, Joseph F Hayes
BACKGROUND: Severe mental illness is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The elevated risk of blood-borne viruses (BBVs) in people with severe mental illness is of concern, but the full extent of this problem is unclear. We aimed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for BBVs in people with severe mental illness. METHODS: In this nationwide, population-based, cross-sectional study, we estimated the point prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B (HBV), and hepatitis C (HCV) in people with severe mental illness, including the total adult (≥18 years) Swedish population...
July 4, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642720/depressive-symptomatology-among-norwegian-adolescent-boys-and-girls-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-phq-9-psychometric-properties-and-correlates
#14
Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, Geir S Brunborg
This study explored the potential contribution of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)-based Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item (PHQ-9) instrument to the developmental epidemiology research in Norway, by examining depressive symptoms in a school sample of adolescents (N = 846). The average PHQ-9 scores were 6.89 (SD = 5.13) for girls, and 4.57 (SD = 3.98) for boys; 8.5% of girls and 2.6% of boys were classified into the originally proposed categories indicative of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD; PHQ-9 scores ≥ 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629295/reliability-and-validity-of-somali-version-of-the-phq-9-in-primary-care-practice
#15
Vasumathi Nallusamy, Mohamud Afgarshe, Heather Shlosser
Objectives Depression is one of the common mental health problems noticed in immigrants because of the experiences related to their resettlement which is the case for Somali population. Depression increases mortality, morbidity, disability, and costs of health care which can be controlled by screening depression in the primary care setting using a culturally and linguistically congruent screening tool. The aim of the current study is to translate the English PHQ-9 into Somali language using evidence-based translational methodology and establish psychometric properties of the Somali PHQ-9...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625087/the-ex-pat-effect-presence-of-recent-western-immigrants-is-associated-with-changes-in-age-at-first-birth-and-birth-rate-in-a-maya-population-from-rural-guatemala
#16
Luseadra McKerracher, Mark Collard, Rachel Altman, Michael Richards, Pablo Nepomnaschy
BACKGROUND: Economic transitions expose indigenous populations to a variety of ecological and cultural challenges, especially regarding diet and stress. These kinds of challenges are predicted by evolutionary ecological theory to have fitness consequences (differential reproduction) and, indeed, are often associated with changes in fertility dynamics. It is currently unclear whether international immigration might impact the nature of such an economic transition or its consequences for fertility...
July 11, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617236/retention-patterns-of-canadians-who-studied-medicine-abroad-and-other-international-medical-graduates
#17
Maria Mathews, Rima Kandar, Steve Slade, Yanqing Yi, Sue Beardall, Ivy Bourgeault
OBJECTIVES: Are Canadians who study abroad (CSAs) more likely to stay in Canada than other international medical graduates (IMGs)? We looked at retention patterns of CSAs and immigrant IMGs who completed post-graduate medical education (PGME) training in Canada to describe the proportion and predictors of those working in Canada and in rural communities in Canada in 2015. METHODS: We linked the National IMG Database to Scott's Medical Database to track the work locations of CSAs and immigrant IMGs in 2015...
May 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617235/what-do-we-know-and-not-know-about-the-professional-integration-of-international-medical-graduates-imgs-in-canada
#18
Elena Neiterman, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Christine L Covell
BACKGROUND: The literature on international medical graduates (IMGs) in Canada is growing, but there is a lack of systematic analysis of the literature. OBJECTIVES: To examine (1) the major themes in academic and grey literature pertaining to professional integration of IMGs in Canada; and (2) the gaps in our knowledge on integration of IMGs. METHODS: This paper is based on the scoping review of academic and grey literature published during 2001-2013 about IMGs in Canada...
May 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594213/assessing-credible-fear-a-psychometric-examination-of-the-trauma-symptom-inventory-2-in-the-context-of-immigration-court-evaluations
#19
Sarah Filone, David DeMatteo
Recent immigration trends indicate that the United States is home to a remarkably diverse and rapidly growing population of displaced persons. Many of these individuals have survived exceptional trauma and are thus particularly vulnerable to trauma-related behavioral health disorders. Mental health professionals are commonly asked to assess immigrants within this population in the service of immigration court decision making. These assessments present a variety of challenges for clinicians, including the assessment and documentation of trauma-related symptoms across cultural bounds...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584961/health-of-international-marriage-immigrant-women-in-south-korea-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Jeong-Ah Ahn, Tiffany Kim, Eun Ha Roh, Ju-Eun Song
International marriage migration is now one of the most prominent forms of migration in Asia, and the number of women migrating to South Korea for marriage has increased dramatically in the last two decades. In this article, we provide a systematic review regarding the health status and health-related issues of international marriage immigrant women. The literature search identified 620 articles, of which 53 studies are presented in the article. Three overarching categories including six subcategories were identified according to the research focus; 'Environmental factors of health' including social support and barriers, 'Health status' including physical, psychological and social health, and quality of life as 'Outcome of health'...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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