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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233064/legal-strategies-to-protect-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-in-the-context-of-the-refugee-crisis-in-europe-a-complaint-before-the-european-ombudsperson
#1
Elena Laporta Hernández
In the context of the refugee crisis in Europe, the measures taken by the institutions and bodies of the European Union as they relate to respecting, protecting, and ensuring human rights have proven to be woefully inadequate. The development of a restrictive, defensive, security-based immigration policy has led to failure by European countries and the European Union to fulfil their human rights obligations. Specifically, the Agreement struck between the European Union and Turkey on 18 March 2016, in addition to externalising borders, placed economic and political considerations centre stage, leading to serious violations of the human rights of refugees and migrants, including their sexual and reproductive rights...
December 13, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223317/sequential-strategy-for-the-ltbi-screening-of-newly-arrived-immigrants-in-vulnerable-social-situations
#2
Núria Serre-Delcor, Begoña Treviño-Maruri, M Teresa Tórtola, Manuel Fernández-Quevedo, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Inés Oliveira-Souto, Mateu Espasa, Israel Molina, Carlos Ascaso
INTRODUCTION: Some studies indicate high prevalences of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in the immigrant population, which is relevant because 5-10% of cases will develop active tuberculosis. The objective of this study is to describe the results of a sequential strategy in the newly-arrived immigrant population for the diagnosis of LTBI using the tuberculin skin test (TST) and IGRAs. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out with immigrants between 6 and 35years of age from shelters, referred to an international health unit between July 2013 and June 2016...
December 6, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221624/international-medical-graduates-in-nephrology-roles-rules-and-future-risks
#3
Jeffrey S Berns, Muriel Ghosn, Rodolfo R Altamirano
International medical graduates (IMGs) have become an increasingly essential part of many residency and fellowship programs in the United States. IMGs, who may be of either US or non-US citizenship, contribute significantly to the physician workforce across this country, particularly in underserved areas, as well as in their home countries on their return after training. Approximately 65% of nephrology fellows are IMGs, with most of these being non-US citizens. Non-US IMG applications for nephrology fellowship have been declining, exacerbating an ongoing shortage of nephrology trainees...
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199106/recovering-the-evolutionary-history-of-crowned-pigeons-columbidae-goura-implications-for-the-biogeography-and-conservation-of-new-guinean-lowland-birds
#4
Jade Bruxaux, Maëva Gabrielli, Hidayat Ashari, Robert Prŷs-Jones, Leo Joseph, Borja Milá, Guillaume Besnard, Christophe Thébaud
Assessing the relative contributions of immigration and diversification into the buildup of species diversity is key to understanding the role of historical processes in driving biogeographical and diversification patterns in species-rich regions. Here, we investigated how colonization, in situ speciation, and extinction history may have generated the present-day distribution and diversity of Goura crowned pigeons (Columbidae), a group of large forest-dwelling pigeons comprising four recognized species that are all endemic to New Guinea...
November 30, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198848/association-between-surgically-diagnosed-endometriosis-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes
#5
Innie Chen, Shifana Lalani, Ri-Hua Xie, Minxue Shen, Sukhbir S Singh, Shi-Wu Wen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between surgically diagnosed endometriosis and pregnancy outcomes in subsequent pregnancies. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of women who delivered a singleton live birth from 2003 to 2013 in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. SETTING: Tertiary level academic center. PATIENT(S): Pregnant women with surgically diagnosed endometriosis were identified using International Classification of Diseases-10 codes from previous hospital admissions and were compared with pregnant women with no prior admission for endometriosis for the occurrences of adverse pregnancy outcomes...
November 29, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198232/adolescents-daily-perception-of-internalizing-emotional-states-by-means-of-smartphone-based-ecological-momentary-assessment
#6
Teresa Kirchner, Ernesto Magallón-Neri, Manuel S Ortiz, Irina Planellas, María Forns, Caterina Calderón
This study uses ecological momentary assessment (EMA) with smartphone devices to examine community adolescents' perceptions regarding both the intensity of and variability in their daily sadness/depression, anxiety, and somatic problems over the period of one week. Participants were 90 high-school students (M age = 14.61, SD = 1.64; range 12-18). The sample was divided according to gender (61.1% girls), migratory status (68.5% Spanish nationals and 31.5% Latin American immigrants), and level of psychological symptoms (17% risk group)...
December 4, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197533/cervical-cancer-screening-uptake-among-hiv-positive-women-in-ontario-canada-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Ann N Burchell, Claire E Kendall, Stephanie Y Cheng, Aisha Lofters, Michelle Cotterchio, Ahmed M Bayoumi, Richard H Glazier, Tony Antoniou, Janet Raboud, Mark H Yudin, Mona Loutfy
Cervical cancer caused by oncogenic types of the human papillomavirus (HPV) is of concern among HIV-positive women due to impairment of immune responses required to control HPV infection. Our objectives were to describe patterns of cervical cancer screening using Pap cytology testing among HIV-positive women in Ontario, Canada from 2008 to 2013 and to identify factors associated with adequate screening. We conducted a retrospective, population-based cohort study among screen-eligible HIV-positive women using provincial administrative health data...
November 29, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193046/measurement-invariance-of-the-belief-in-a-zero-sum-game-scale-across-36-countries
#8
Joanna Różycka-Tran, Paweł Jurek, Michał Olech, Jarosław Piotrowski, Magdalena Żemojtel-Piotrowska
In this paper, we examined the psychometric properties of cross-cultural validation and replicability (i.e. measurement invariance) of the Belief in a Zero-Sum Game (BZSG) scale, measuring antagonistic belief about interpersonal relations over scarce resources. The factorial structure of the BZSG scale was investigated in student samples from 36 countries (N = 9907), using separate confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) for each country. The cross-cultural validation of the scale was based on multigroup confirmatory factor analyses (MGCFA)...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166218/the-effect-of-stereotype-content-on-intergroup-uncertainty-and-interactions
#9
David Rast, Amber Gaffney, Fenglu Yang
Drawing on intergroup threat theory and the stereotype content model, we examine intergroup relations in an organizational context. We surveyed 108 Asian immigrants working at a large international organization located in the UK. We found that perceptions of warmth and competence interact to predict minority group members' willingness to interact with an outgroup majority. Extending previous research, we demonstrate that warmth and competence differentially affect intergroup uncertainty, which mediates the relationship between stereotype content and willingness to interact with the outgroup...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141629/the-potential-impact-of-brexit-and-immigration-policies-on-the-gp-workforce-in-england-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-of-gp-qualification-region-and-the-characteristics-of-the-areas-and-population-they-served-in-september-2016
#10
Aneez Esmail, Maria Panagioti, Evangelos Kontopantelis
BACKGROUND: The UK is dependent on international doctors, with a greater proportion of non-UK qualified doctors working in its universal health care system than in any other European country, except Ireland and Norway. The terms of the UK exit from the European Union can reduce the ability of European Economic Area (EEA) qualified doctors to work in the UK, while new visa requirements will significantly restrict the influx of non-EEA doctors. We aimed to explore the implications of policy restrictions on immigration, by regionally and spatially describing the characteristics of general practitioners (GPs) by region of medical qualification and the characteristics of the populations they serve...
November 16, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140081/the-human-milk-glycome-as-a-defense-against-infectious-diseases-rationale-challenges-and-opportunities
#11
Kelly M Craft, Steven D Townsend
Each year over 3 million people die from infectious diseases with most of these deaths being poor and young children who live in low- and middle-income countries. Infectious diseases emerge for a multitude of reasons. On the social front, reasons include a breakdown of public health standards, international travel, and immigration (for financial, civil, and social reasons). At the molecular level, the modern rise of infectious diseases is tied to the juxtaposition of drug-resistant pathogens and a lack of new antimicrobials...
November 15, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137694/construct-validity-and-reliability-of-the-beliefs-toward-mental-illness-scale-for-american-japanese-and-korean-women
#12
Denise M Saint Arnault, Moonhee Gang, Seoyoon Woo
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Beliefs Toward Mental Illness Scale (BMI) across women from the United States, Japan, and South Korea. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was employed. The sample was 564 women aged 21-64 years old who were recruited in the United States and Korea (American = 127, Japanese immigrants in the United States = 204, and Korean = 233). We carried out item analysis, construct validity by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and internal consistency using SPSS Version 22 and AMOS Version 22...
November 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134545/violence-exposure-and-psychopathology-in-latino-youth-the-moderating-role-of-active-and-avoidant-coping
#13
Omar G Gudiño, Allison A Stiles, Kathleen I Diaz
Despite high rates of exposure to community violence among Latino youth in urban communities, there is considerable variability in individual outcomes. This study examined (a) associations between coping and indices of Latino culture, (b) main effects of active/avoidant coping on psychopathology, and (c) whether coping moderates the impact of violence exposure on mental health in Latino youth. Participants included 168 Latino youth (56% female; ages 11-14) that took part in a short-term longitudinal study. Results indicate that youth acculturation was positively associated with active coping, but enculturation level and immigrant status were not associated with coping...
November 13, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117704/an-integrated-approach-to-bias-in-a-longitudinal-survey-in-the-united-kingdom-assessing-construct-method-and-item-bias-in-the-general-health-questionnaire-ghq-12
#14
Isabel Benítez, Byron G Adams, Jia He
Construct, method, and item bias are three levels of measurement bias (i.e., internal bias) essential for valid group comparisons. While many studies often focus on only one level of bias, an integrated perspective on bias is still missing, especially in longitudinal designs. The aim of this study is to address bias in an integrated manner, using four waves of data in the U.K. Longitudinal Household Panel Survey. Responses to the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) from natives and two generations of immigrants were used to analyze the three levels of bias...
November 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114994/alcohol-consumption-among-first-and-second-generation-immigrant-and-native-adolescents-in-23-countries-testing-the-importance-of-origin-and-receiving-country-alcohol-prevalence-rates
#15
Lisa S Barsties, Sophie D Walsh, Tim Huijts, Pernille Bendtsen, Michal Molcho, Thomas Buijs, Alessio Vieno, Frank J Elgar, Gonneke W J M Stevens
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: This internationally comparative study examines differences in alcohol consumption between first- and second-generation immigrant and native adolescents. We also investigate to what extent origin and receiving country alcohol per capita consumption (APCC) rates and proportions of heavy episodic drinkers (HED) are associated with immigrant adolescents' alcohol consumption. DESIGN AND METHODS: We used cross-sectional survey data from the 2013/2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study...
November 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112026/nursing-home-patient-safety-culture-perceptions-among-us-and-immigrant-nurses
#16
Laura M Wagner, Barbara L Brush, Nicholas G Castle, John B Engberg, Elizabeth A Capezuti
Patient safety is a global concern, yet little is known about how and whether perceptions of patient safety culture (PSC) vary by nurses' countries of origin and preparation. This is particularly important in American nursing homes (NHs), which are increasingly hiring non-US born and prepared nurses to fill staffing needs. OBJECTIVES: This study compared the PSC perceptions of foreign and domestic born and trained nurses working in urban NHs in 5 states to analyze how nurses' PSC perceptions corresponded to their personal and professional characteristics...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097851/the-impact-of-taxes-on-competition-for-ceos
#17
Peter Krenn
This paper contributes to the question of how taxation of corporate profits and wages affects competition among firms for highly skilled human resources such as CEOs. Use of a theoretical model shows that wage taxes can have a substantial impact on the outcome of such a competition if marginal tax rates are different as in an international labor market. Further, the paper shows that increasing the wage tax rate unilaterally can have an ambiguous effect on observed gross compensation levels. However, in a local labor market for CEOs, observed gross fixed salaries should decline in the wage tax rate...
July 3, 2017: European Accounting Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096028/the-role-of-maternal-and-child-characteristics-in-chinese-children-s-dietary-intake-across-three-groups
#18
Nan Zhou, Charissa S L Cheah, Yan Li, Junsheng Liu, Shuyan Sun
Objective: To examine whether mothers' early-life food insecurity (ELFI), pressuring to eat feeding practices (PEP), and child effortful control (EC) are associated with child dietary intake within and across three Chinese ethnic groups. Method: Participants included 119 Chinese international immigrants in the United States, 230 urban nonmigrant, and 468 rural-to-urban migrant mothers and preschoolers in China. Mothers reported on their ELFI, PEP, and their children's EC and dietary intake...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059007/national-study-of-the-prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-among-danish-women-from-2004-to-2012
#19
Charlotte Jeppesen, Helle T Maindal, Jette K Kristensen, Per G Ovesen, Daniel R Witte
AIMS: The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is increasing worldwide. We studied the prevalence of GDM from 2004 to 2012 in Danish women aged 15-49 years using registries with records of the diagnosis of GDM at delivery. METHODS: We conducted a national register-based study of 12,538 women with a diagnosis of GDM during a pregnancy leading to a live birth in the period 2004-2012. The diagnosis of GDM was taken from the National Patient Registry and combined with the total number of births at the national level from Statistics Denmark...
October 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052515/is-there-a-financial-incentive-to-immigrate-examining-of-the-health-worker-salary-gap-between-india-and-popular-destination-countries
#20
Gavin George, Bruce Rhodes
BACKGROUND: International migration is one of the factors resulting in the shortage of Human Resources for Health (HRH) in India. Literature suggests that migration is fuelled by the prospect of higher salaries available abroad. The extent of these salary differentials are unknown, and this study seeks to examine the salaries of selected HRH in India and four popular destination countries (United States of America, United Kingdom, Canada and the United Arab Emirates), whilst accounting for the in-country cost of living...
October 19, 2017: Human Resources for Health
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