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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439733/measuring-empathy-in-pediatrics-validation-of-the-visual-care-measure
#1
Michele Arigliani, Luigi Castriotta, Anna Pusiol, Annachiara Titolo, Enrico Petoello, Alberto Brun Peressut, Elisabetta Miorin, Iana Elkina, Federico Marzona, Davide Cucchiaro, Elisa Spanghero, Matteo Pavan, Raffaele Arigliani, Stewart W Mercer, Paola Cogo
BACKGROUND: Empathy is a key element of "Patient and Family Centered Care", a clinical approach recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics. However, there is a lack of validated tools to evaluate paediatrician empathy. This study aimed to validate the Visual CARE Measure, a patient rated questionnaire measuring physician empathy, in the setting of a Pediatric Emergency Department (ED). METHODS: The empathy of physicians working in the Pediatric ED of the University Hospital of Udine, Italy, was assessed using an Italian translation of the Visual Care Measure...
February 13, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431137/coproduction-of-healthcare-service-with-immigrant-patients-protocol-of-a-scoping-review
#2
Christina Radl-Karimi, Anne Nicolaisen, Morten Sodemann, Paul Batalden, Christian von Plessen
INTRODUCTION: Immigrant patients often meet barriers to patient-centred healthcare in their new host countries. Given the heterogeneity of patients from ethnic minorities, established strategies for patient centredness might not work in their case. The concept of coproduction provides a new perspective on how to collaboratively create the highest possible value for both the patient and the healthcare system. The concept acknowledges that all service is coproduced and directs attention to the relationship between patient and care provider...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427704/finding-makhubu-a-morphological-forensic-facial-comparison
#3
T M R Houlton, M Steyn
June 16, 1976, marks the Soweto Youth Student Uprising in South Africa. A harrowing image capturing police brutality from that day comprises of 18-year-old Mbuyisa Makhubu carrying a dying 12-year-old Hector Peterson. This circulated international press and contributed to world pressure against the apartheid government. This elevated Makhubu's profile with the national security police and forced him to flee to Botswana, then Nigeria, before disappearing in 1978. In 1988, Victor Vinnetou illegally entered Canada and was later arrested on immigration charges in 2004...
February 4, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29418070/children-with-sickle-cell-disease-migrating-to-the-united-states-from-sub-saharan-africa
#4
Courtney D Thornburg, Russell E Ware
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited red blood cell disorder that occurs worldwide and results in significant morbidity and mortality. In addition to affected children who are born in the US, an increasing number of children with SCD are migrating to the US with their families or through international adoption. Children arriving as immigrants or refugees have unique medical and psychosocial challenges that require a multidisciplinary team approach which takes into account the family's primary language, culture, and health beliefs...
February 8, 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405176/gender-and-country-of-birth-inequalities-in-occupational-diseases-compensation-rate-in-italy-inail-data-base-analysis-2010-2013
#5
Silvana Salerno
BACKGROUND: In Italy and in Europe occupational diseases (OD) claims are growing among women, and international studies show women's lower compensation rate. OBJECTIVES: Analysis of occupational diseases compensation rate among "Italian" women (country of birth: Italy) and "immigrant" women (country of birth: not Italy) focusing on biomechanical overload of the upper limb, the most common OD in Italy. METHODS: INAIL (Italian National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at Work) statistical data (2010-2013) on ascertained OD in Industry-Services (I-S) were analyzed by gender and country of birth with particular attention to biomechanical overload of the upper limb and to occupational diseases not included in the official OD list...
February 1, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389908/assessing-heat-stress-and-health-among-construction-workers-in-a-changing-climate-a-review
#6
Payel Acharya, Bethany Boggess, Kai Zhang
Construction workers are at an elevated risk of heat stress, due to the strenuous nature of the work, high temperature work condition, and a changing climate. An increasing number of workers are at risk, as the industry's growth has been fueled by high demand and vast numbers of immigrant workers entering into the U.S., the Middle East and Asia to meet the demand. The risk of heat-related illnesses is increased by the fact that little to no regulations are present and/or enforced to protect these workers. This review recognizes the issues by summarizing epidemiological studies both in the U...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389152/developmental-and-contextual-correlates-of-mental-health-and-help-seeking-among-asian-american-college-students
#7
Pratyusha Tummala-Narra, Zhushan Li, Janet Chang, Eun Jeong Yang, Jing Jiang, Michael Sagherian, Jenny Phan, Alyssa Alfonso
Guided by an integrative contextual framework of immigrant youth development (García Coll & Marks, 2012), this study investigated the potential role of developmental (e.g., ethnic identity) and contextual factors (e.g., perceived discrimination, stereotyping) in mental health outcomes and help-seeking attitudes, and variations across gender and nativity among Asian American college students. Online surveys assessing perceived subtle and blatant racism, ethnic identity, the internalization of the model minority stereotype, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and attitudes toward seeking help from mental health professionals were administered to Asian American college student participants (n = 465) from diverse ethnic backgrounds and geographic regions in the United States...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384746/day-to-day-issues-in-the-forensic-identification-practice-related-to-illegal-immigration-in-italy
#8
V Pinchi, M Focardi, F Pradella, R Grifoni, M Palandri, G A Norelli
The migratory flows to Europe from the African countries, Asia and Middle East, have hugely intensified in the recent years. In 2016, more than 98,000 out of a total of 260,000 migrants across the Mediterranean Sea arrived in Italy and in May 2017, the trend of arrivals is: Italy +576%; Greece -39% compared to previous years. Some migrants die before touching the sole of the European continent, during the crossing, often afforded with ships, made available by unscrupulous smugglers or criminal organizations, which are unsuitable for this type of transportation...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384744/the-age-estimation-practice-related-to-illegal-unaccompanied-minors-immigration-in-italy
#9
F Pradella, V Pinchi, M Focardi, R Grifoni, M Palandri, G A Norelli
The migrants arrived to the Italian coasts in 2016 were 181.436, 18% more than the previous year and 6% more than the highest number ever since. An "unaccompanied minor" (UAM) is a third-country national or a stateless person under eighteen years of age, who arrives on the territory of the Member State unaccompanied by an adult responsible for him/her whether by law or by the practice of the Member State concerned, and for as long as he or she is not effectively taken into the care of such a person; it includes a minor who is left unaccompanied after he/she entered the territory of the Member States...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382627/migration-influences-on-the-allostatic-load-of-children-systematic-review-protocol
#10
Ivan Neil Gomez, Cynthia Yy Lai, Trevor Wk Yung, Chetwyn Ch Chan, Hector Wh Tsang
BACKGROUND: Migration is a worldwide phenomenon in recent times. Recently, documented studies suggest that the change in environments involved in migration may have an influence on children's allostatic load related to health and well-being. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review is to systematically search the extant literature and critically examine the evidence on how migration affects allostatic load in children and describe the relevant methods in measuring allostatic load...
January 30, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382323/prevalence-of-high-risk-hpv-genotypes-categorised-by-their-quadrivalent-and-nine-valent-hpv-vaccination-coverage-and-the-genotype-association-with-high-grade-lesions
#11
María Paz-Zulueta, Ledicia Álvarez-Paredes, Juan Carlos Rodríguez Díaz, Paula Parás-Bravo, Ma Encarnación Andrada Becerra, José María Rodríguez Ingelmo, María Montserrat Ruiz García, Joaquín Portilla, Miguel Santibañez
BACKGROUND: The new nine-valent vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV) includes the four HPV genotypes (6, 11, 16, and 18) that are targeted by the older quadrivalent HPV vaccine, plus five additional oncogenic types (31, 33, 45, 52, and 58) remain significantly associated with high grade lesions. We aimed to determine the prevalence of high-risk HPV genotypes in unvaccinated subjects and the association of these genotypes with the incidence of high-grade lesions. We also assessed which, if either, of these two HPV vaccines could have prevented these cases...
January 30, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372158/acculturation-and-body-mass-index-among-marriage-based-immigrant-vietnamese-women-in-korea
#12
Da Eun Lee, Ji-Eun Lee, So Yun Park, Hye Won Chung
Objective: This study aimed to analyze the association of socioeconomic factors, acculturation, and body mass index (BMI) as the first large prospective cohort study to determine the state of health of Vietnamese-born migrant women residing in Korea. Methods: Participants were Vietnamese marriage-based immigrant women living in Korea. Data (n=1,066) was collected during both periods of baseline (2006-2011) and follow-up (2012-2014) in 34 cities in Korea. Results: The results show that acculturation stress is relatively low among participants...
January 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330250/the-intersection-of-national-immigration-and-healthcare-policy
#13
Jeffrey Douaiher, Douglas J Inciarte, Edibaldo Silva
Immigration policy and health care policy remain principal undertakings of the federal government. The two have recently been pursued independently in the judicial and legislative arenas. Unbeknownst to many policymakers, however, national immigration policy and health care policy are linked in ways that, if unattended, could undermine the well-being of a significant portion of the US population, specifically medically underserved rural and urban populations. Using current data from a workforce report of the Association of American Colleges and the published literature, we demonstrate the significant impact that contemporary immigration policy directives may have on the number and distribution of international medical graduates who currently provide-and by the year 2025 will provide-a significant portion of primary health care in the United States, especially in underserved small urban and rural communities...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329117/ce-original-research-physical-activity-among-chinese-american-immigrants-with-prediabetes-or-type-2-diabetes
#14
Sophia H Hu, Mei R Fu, Shan Liu, Yen-Kuang Lin, Wen-Yin Chang
Findings from this mixed-methods study reveal deficits and suggest areas for change. ABSTRACT: Background: Although the benefits of aerobic exercise and strength training for patients with type 2 diabetes have been studied extensively, research on physical activity among Chinese American immigrants diagnosed with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes has been limited. PURPOSE: We sought to learn more about this population's knowledge of physical activity, the types and intensity levels performed, and the barriers to such activity...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297206/no-jab-no-record-catch-up-vaccination-of-children-in-immigration-detention
#15
Karen M Kiang, Sonja Elia, Georgia A Paxton
International Health and Medical Services (IHMS) are contracted to provide health services, including catch-up vaccination, for individuals in immigration detention. Our audit of catch-up vaccination in asylum seeker children who spent time in held detention demonstrates inadequate and suboptimal vaccine delivery in this setting, and no evidence that IHMS recorded vaccines on the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register at the time. We also found substantial shortfalls in vaccination for these children after they were released from detention...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284761/refugees-in-conflict-creating-a-bridge-between-traditional-and-conventional-health-belief-models
#16
Eran Ben-Arye, Massimo Bonucci, Michel Daher, Rejin Kebudi, Bashar Saad, Thomas Breitkreuz, Maryam Rassouli, Elio Rossi, Nahla Gafer, Omar Nimri, Mohamed Hablas, Gunver Sophia Kienle, Noah Samuels, Michael Silbermann
The recent wave of migration from Middle Eastern countries to Europe presents significant challenges to the European health profession. These include the inevitable communication gap created by differences in health care beliefs between European oncologists, health care practitioners, and refugee patients. This article presents the conclusions of a workshop attended by a group of clinicians and researchers affiliated with the Middle East Cancer Consortium, as well as four European-based health-related organizations...
December 28, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281265/responsive-nanomicellar-theranostic-cages-for-metastatic-breast-cancer
#17
Amrutha Manigandan, Vandhana Handi, Niranjana Sri Sundaramoorthy, Ramya Dhandapani, Janani Radhakrishnan, Swaminathan Sethuraman, Anuradha Subramanian
Precluding the progression of metastasis with early-diagnosis of triple-negative breast cancer remains challenging due to lack of targeting specificity with poor diagnostic potential. Herein, an amphipathic chitosan-based targeted nanomicellar theranostics (30-45 nm) comprising doxorubicin-superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles complexes (89.23%) with lower critical micelle concentration (0.1 µg/mL) were developed. Micelles exhibits concentration-based contrast enhancement in MRI (r2 6.27mM-1s-1) and hyperthermia rather than thermal-ablation...
December 27, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241637/-health-and-determinants-of-health-in-second-generations-of-international-immigrants-social-inequalities-in-health-since-childhood
#18
Yolanda González-Rábago, Unai Martín
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the social inequalities in health between children and youth population of an immigrant origin from low-income countries and those of native origin in the Basque Country. METHOD: Cross-sectional descriptive study using data from the Basque Country Health Survey 2013. Variables of health, behaviours and life conditions were used as the outcome variables. Prevalence ratios were calculated using robust Poisson models. RESULTS: The children with immigrant parents had poorer self-rated health, a higher prevalence of obesity, spent more hours in sedentary activities and lived in households with greater economic difficulties...
December 11, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233064/legal-strategies-to-protect-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-in-the-context-of-the-refugee-crisis-in-europe-a-complaint-before-the-european-ombudsperson
#19
Elena Laporta Hernández
In the context of the refugee crisis in Europe, the measures taken by the institutions and bodies of the European Union as they relate to respecting, protecting, and ensuring human rights have proven to be woefully inadequate. The development of a restrictive, defensive, security-based immigration policy has led to failure by European countries and the European Union to fulfil their human rights obligations. Specifically, the Agreement struck between the European Union and Turkey on 18 March 2016, in addition to externalising borders, placed economic and political considerations centre stage, leading to serious violations of the human rights of refugees and migrants, including their sexual and reproductive rights...
December 13, 2017: Reproductive Health Matters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223317/sequential-strategy-for-the-ltbi-screening-of-newly-arrived-immigrants-in-vulnerable-social-situations
#20
Núria Serre-Delcor, Begoña Treviño-Maruri, M Teresa Tórtola, Manuel Fernández-Quevedo, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Inés Oliveira-Souto, Mateu Espasa, Israel Molina, Carlos Ascaso
INTRODUCTION: Some studies indicate high prevalences of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in the immigrant population, which is relevant because 5-10% of cases will develop active tuberculosis. The objective of this study is to describe the results of a sequential strategy in the newly-arrived immigrant population for the diagnosis of LTBI using the tuberculin skin test (TST) and IGRAs. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out with immigrants between 6 and 35years of age from shelters, referred to an international health unit between July 2013 and June 2016...
December 6, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
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