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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642720/depressive-symptomatology-among-norwegian-adolescent-boys-and-girls-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-phq-9-psychometric-properties-and-correlates
#1
Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, Geir S Brunborg
This study explored the potential contribution of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)-based Patient Health Questionnaire-9 item (PHQ-9) instrument to the developmental epidemiology research in Norway, by examining depressive symptoms in a school sample of adolescents (N = 846). The average PHQ-9 scores were 6.89 (SD = 5.13) for girls, and 4.57 (SD = 3.98) for boys; 8.5% of girls and 2.6% of boys were classified into the originally proposed categories indicative of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD; PHQ-9 scores ≥ 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629295/reliability-and-validity-of-somali-version-of-the-phq-9-in-primary-care-practice
#2
Vasumathi Nallusamy, Mohamud Afgarshe, Heather Shlosser
Objectives Depression is one of the common mental health problems noticed in immigrants because of the experiences related to their resettlement which is the case for Somali population. Depression increases mortality, morbidity, disability, and costs of health care which can be controlled by screening depression in the primary care setting using a culturally and linguistically congruent screening tool. The aim of the current study is to translate the English PHQ-9 into Somali language using evidence-based translational methodology and establish psychometric properties of the Somali PHQ-9...
August 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625087/the-ex-pat-effect-presence-of-recent-western-immigrants-is-associated-with-changes-in-age-at-first-birth-and-birth-rate-in-a-maya-population-from-rural-guatemala
#3
Luseadra McKerracher, Mark Collard, Rachel Altman, Michael Richards, Pablo Nepomnaschy
BACKGROUND: Economic transitions expose indigenous populations to a variety of ecological and cultural challenges, especially regarding diet and stress. These kinds of challenges are predicted by evolutionary ecological theory to have fitness consequences (differential reproduction) and, indeed, are often associated with changes in fertility dynamics. It is currently unclear whether international immigration might impact the nature of such an economic transition or its consequences for fertility...
June 18, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617236/retention-patterns-of-canadians-who-studied-medicine-abroad-and-other-international-medical-graduates
#4
Maria Mathews, Rima Kandar, Steve Slade, Yanqing Yi, Sue Beardall, Ivy Bourgeault
OBJECTIVES: Are Canadians who study abroad (CSAs) more likely to stay in Canada than other international medical graduates (IMGs)? We looked at retention patterns of CSAs and immigrant IMGs who completed post-graduate medical education (PGME) training in Canada to describe the proportion and predictors of those working in Canada and in rural communities in Canada in 2015. METHODS: We linked the National IMG Database to Scott's Medical Database to track the work locations of CSAs and immigrant IMGs in 2015...
May 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617235/what-do-we-know-and-not-know-about-the-professional-integration-of-international-medical-graduates-imgs-in-canada
#5
Elena Neiterman, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Christine L Covell
BACKGROUND: The literature on international medical graduates (IMGs) in Canada is growing, but there is a lack of systematic analysis of the literature. OBJECTIVES: To examine (1) the major themes in academic and grey literature pertaining to professional integration of IMGs in Canada; and (2) the gaps in our knowledge on integration of IMGs. METHODS: This paper is based on the scoping review of academic and grey literature published during 2001-2013 about IMGs in Canada...
May 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594213/assessing-credible-fear-a-psychometric-examination-of-the-trauma-symptom-inventory-2-in-the-context-of-immigration-court-evaluations
#6
Sarah Filone, David DeMatteo
Recent immigration trends indicate that the United States is home to a remarkably diverse and rapidly growing population of displaced persons. Many of these individuals have survived exceptional trauma and are thus particularly vulnerable to trauma-related behavioral health disorders. Mental health professionals are commonly asked to assess immigrants within this population in the service of immigration court decision making. These assessments present a variety of challenges for clinicians, including the assessment and documentation of trauma-related symptoms across cultural bounds...
June 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584961/health-of-international-marriage-immigrant-women-in-south-korea-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Jeong-Ah Ahn, Tiffany Kim, Eun Ha Roh, Ju-Eun Song
International marriage migration is now one of the most prominent forms of migration in Asia, and the number of women migrating to South Korea for marriage has increased dramatically in the last two decades. In this article, we provide a systematic review regarding the health status and health-related issues of international marriage immigrant women. The literature search identified 620 articles, of which 53 studies are presented in the article. Three overarching categories including six subcategories were identified according to the research focus; 'Environmental factors of health' including social support and barriers, 'Health status' including physical, psychological and social health, and quality of life as 'Outcome of health'...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582657/extended-kin-and-children-s-behavioral-functioning-family-structure-and-parental-immigrant-status
#8
Jeehye Kang, Philip N Cohen
Using the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (L.A. FANS), this paper examines the association between the presence of co-resident extended kin and children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors. The paper demonstrates the differential role of extended kin by family structure, as well as across parental immigrant status - specifically, nativity and documentation status. Children in the sample were found to be disadvantaged in extended family households, especially with regard to internalizing behaviors...
April 23, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571051/a-comparison-of-the-use-of-interpreters-in-new-zealand-and-the-us
#9
Ben Gray, Eric J Hardt
Cultural competency in medicine is not possible unless language differences are addressed effectively. Many disparities that appear to be based on cultural, socioeconomic, demographic and other differences can be reduced or eliminated with the use of qualified medical interpretation and translation in multilingual situations. The development of this precious resource varies from country to country around the world as most developed countries face increasingly diverse groups of immigrants and refugees as well as inclusion of more indigenous groups of patients...
June 2, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558498/from-systematic-review-to-call-for-action
#10
Erika Metzler Sawin, Linda L Sobel, Sandra L Annan, Donna L Schminkey
INTRODUCTION: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global public health and criminal justice concern with significant impacts; especially high rates are seen among rural Hispanic American (HA) communities, the fastest growing population in the United States. They experience additional barriers to care including extreme poverty, lesser education, gender norms, and language and immigration issues. METHOD: A systematic literature review was conducted using Cooper's framework to identify evidence supporting associations between interventions and prevention, reduction, and elimination of IPV among rural HA women...
June 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554929/nutritional-rickets-in-norway-a-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#11
Haakon E Meyer, Kristina Skram, Ingvill Almås Berge, Ahmed A Madar, Hilde Johanne Bjørndalen
OBJECTIVES: Poor vitamin D status has been reported to be highly prevalent in many non-western immigrant groups living in Norway and other western countries. However, data on rickets are scarce, and the aim of the current study was to identify new cases of nutritional rickets in Norway in the period 2008-2012 among children under the age of 5 years. DESIGN: Register-based cohort study. SETTING: The Norwegian population from 2008 to 2012. PARTICIPANTS: Children with nutritional rickets under the age of 5 years...
May 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522980/acculturation-and-school-adjustment-of-immigrant-youth-in-six-european-countries-findings-from-the-programme-for-international-student-assessment-pisa
#12
Maja K Schachner, Jia He, Boris Heizmann, Fons J R Van de Vijver
School adjustment determines long-term adjustment in society. Yet, immigrant youth do better in some countries than in others. Drawing on acculturation research (Berry, 1997; Ward, 2001) and self-determination theory (Ryan and Deci, 2000), we investigated indirect effects of adolescent immigrants' acculturation orientations on school adjustment (school-related attitudes, truancy, and mathematics achievement) through school belonging. Analyses were based on data from the Programme for International Student Assessment from six European countries, which were combined into three clusters based on their migrant integration and multicultural policies: Those with the most supportive policies (Belgium and Finland), those with moderately supportive policies (Italy and Portugal), and those with the most unsupportive policies (Denmark and Slovenia)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516818/the-changing-epidemiology-of-spinal-tuberculosis-the-influence-of-international-immigration-in-catalonia-1993-2014
#13
M Peghin, D Rodriguez-Pardo, A Sanchez-Montalva, F Pellisé, A Rivas, T Tortola, J Aguilar, B Almirante, C Pigrau
The overall incidence of spinal tuberculosis (TB) appears to be stable or declining in most European countries, but with an increasing proportion of cases in the foreign-born populations. We performed a retrospective observational study (1993-2014), including all cases of spinal TB diagnosed at a Barcelona hospital to assess the epidemiological changes. Fifty-four episodes (48·1% males, median age 52 years) of spinal TB were diagnosed. The percentage of foreign-born residents with spinal TB increased from 14% to 45·2% in the last 10 years (P = 0·017)...
May 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510652/international-migrants-use-of-emergency-departments-in-europe-compared-with-non-migrants-use-a-systematic-review
#14
Sarah H Credé, Elizabeth Such, Suzanne Mason
International migration across Europe is increasing. High rates of net migration may be expected to increase pressure on healthcare services, including emergency services. However, the extent to which immigration creates additional pressure on emergency departments (EDs) is widely debated. This review synthesizes the evidence relating to international migrants' use of EDs in European Economic Area (EEA) countries as compared with that of non-migrants. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, The Cochrane Library and The Web of Science were searched for the years 2000-16...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487305/a-rohingya-refugee-s-journey-in-australia-and-the-barriers-to-accessing-healthcare
#15
Manasi Jiwrajka, Ahmad Mahmoud, Maneeta Uppal
Australia's processing of some asylum seekers on offshore detention centres has recently been brought to light by human rights organisation. While the internal politics of resettling refugees may be complex, Australia remains in the top five countries for resettlement per capita. However, these refugees remain a vulnerable patient population after immigrating. Refugee women, an understudied group, in particular experience higher adverse health outcomes.In this case report, we follow the medical journey of KB, a 38-year-old Rohingya refugee diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus-the crux of all her health issues...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484286/environmental-inequality-and-pollution-advantage-among-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#16
Maryia Bakhtsiyarava, Raphael J Nawrotzki
Environmental inequality scholarship has paid little attention to the disproportional exposure of immigrants in the United States (U.S.) to unfavorable environmental conditions. This study investigates whether new international migrants in the U.S. are exposed to environmental hazards and how this pattern varies among immigrant subpopulations (e.g., Hispanics, Asian, European). We combine sociodemographic information from the American Community Survey with toxicity-weighted chemical concentrations (Toxics Release Inventory) to model the relationship between toxin exposure and the relative population of recent immigrants across Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs, n=2,054) during 2005-2011...
April 2017: Applied Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470666/alcohol-use-disorders-and-immigration-up-to-the-third-generation-in-france-findings-from-a-39-617-subject-survey-in-the-general-population
#17
Benjamin Rolland, Pierre-Alexis Geoffroy, Baptiste Pignon, Imane Benradia, Hélène Font, Jean-Luc Roelandt, Ali Amad
BACKGROUND: In the United States, first-generation immigrants (FGIs) show lower prevalence rates of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) than the native population, although they experience more psychosocial risk factors. This epidemiological phenomenon is called an "immigrant paradox." No previous study has investigated whether immigrants also exhibit a reduced risk of AUDs in Europe. In a study of the general population in France, we have assessed the adjusted risk of AUDs between nonimmigrants and FGIs, second-generation immigrants (SGIs), and third-generation immigrants (TGIs)...
May 2, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414585/race-language-or-length-of-residency-explaining-unequal-uptake-of-government-pensions-in-canada
#18
Josh Curtis, Weizhen Dong, Naomi Lightman, Matthew Parbst
Canada's old age security (OAS), a flat-benefit public pension, is internationally lauded as an accessible and effective safety net for seniors. This paper explores discrepancies in OAS uptake using Canadian Census data from 1996 to 2011. Our findings demonstrate disparities in OAS uptake based on immigration status, language proficiency, and visible minority status, disputing claims of "universal" OAS provision. Multivariate analyses confirm a strong "immigrant effect," with being in Canada for 20 years or less leading to lower rates of OAS utilization...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Aging & Social Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396090/executive-summary-of-imported-infectious-diseases-after-returning-from-foreign-travel-consensus-document-of-the-spanish-society-for-infectious-diseases-and-clinical-microbiology-seimc
#19
José Luis Pérez-Arellano, Miguel Górgolas-Hernández-Mora, Fernando Salvador, Cristina Carranza-Rodríguez, Germán Ramírez-Olivencia, Esteban Martín-Echeverría, Azucena Rodríguez-Guardado, Francesca Norman, Virginia Velasco-Tirado, Zuriñe Zubero-Sulibarría, Gerardo Rojo-Marcos, José Muñoz-Gutierrez, José Manuel Ramos-Rincón, M Paz Sánchez-Seco-Fariñas, María Velasco-Arribas, Moncef Belhassen-García, Mar Lago-Nuñez, Elías Cañas García-Otero, Rogelio López-Vélez
In a global world, knowledge of imported infectious diseases is essential in daily practice, both for the microbiologist-parasitologist and the clinician who diagnoses and treats infectious diseases in returned travelers. Tropical and subtropical countries where there is a greater risk of contracting an infectious disease are among the most frequently visited tourist destinations. The SEIMC considers it appropriate to produce a consensus document that will be useful to primary care physicians as well as specialists in internal medicine, infectious diseases and tropical medicine who help treat travelers returning from tropical and sub-tropical areas with infections...
April 7, 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391501/unaccompanied-children-at-the-united-states-border-a-human-rights-crisis-that-can-be-addressed-with-policy-change
#20
REVIEW
Janna Ataiants, Chari Cohen, Amy Henderson Riley, Jamile Tellez Lieberman, Mary Clare Reidy, Mariana Chilton
In recent years, unaccompanied minors have been journeying to the United States (U.S.)-Mexico border in great numbers in order to escape violence, poverty and exploitation in their home countries. Yet, unaccompanied children attempting to cross the United States border face treatment at the hands of government representatives which violates their inherent rights as children. The result is a human rights crisis that has severe health consequences for the children. Their rights as children are clearly delineated in various, international human rights documents which merit increased understanding of and recognition by the U...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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