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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926960/international-comparisons-of-disparities-in-access-to-care-for-people-with-mental-health-conditions
#1
Lisa Corscadden, Emily J Callander, Stephanie M Topp
OBJECTIVE: Relatively little is known about experiences of barriers in access to overall care for people with mental health conditions (MHCs), or disparities between people with and without MHCs, or how patterns vary across countries. DATA AND METHOD: The 2016 Commonwealth Fund International Health Policy Survey of adults was used to compare access barriers for people with MHCs across 11 countries, and disparities within countries between people with and without an MHC, using normalized scores...
June 21, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914447/global-research-output-in-the-health-of-international-arab-migrants-1988-2017
#2
Waleed M Sweileh
BACKGROUND: In the past few decades Arab countries had witnessed several intra-regional conflicts and civil wars that led to the creation of millions of refugees and migrants. Assessment of research activity is an indicator of national and international efforts to improve the health of those millions of war victims. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze published literature in international Arab migrants. METHODS: Literature in international Arab migrants published during the past three decades (1988-2017) was retrieved using Scopus database...
June 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873285/applying-and-testing-a-forecasting-model-for-age-and-sex-patterns-of-immigration-and-emigration
#3
James Raymer, Arkadiusz Wiśniowski
International migration flows are considered the most difficult demographic component to forecast and, for that reason, models for forecasting migration are few and relatively undeveloped. This is worrying because, in developed societies, international migration is often the largest component of population growth and most influential in debates about societal and economic change. In this paper, we address the need for better forecasting models of international migration by testing a hierarchical (bilinear) model within the Bayesian inferential framework, recently developed to forecast age and sex patterns of immigration and emigration in the United Kingdom, on other types of migration flow data: age- and sex-specific time series from Sweden, South Korea, and Australia...
June 6, 2018: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852055/the-longitudinal-association-between-internalizing-symptoms-and-academic-achievement-among-immigrant-and-non-immigrant-children-in-norway
#4
Serap Keles, Asgeir Røyrhus Olseth, Thormod Idsøe, Mari-Anne Sørlie
The aim of this study was to explore the longitudinal relation between internalizing symptoms and academic achievement, as two processes of children and youth development, among children in Norway, and whether having an immigrant background moderated this association. Data collected from 4,458 students in Norway in four waves over three years were analyzed with multi-group latent growth curve modeling (LGM). Results showed that internalizing symptoms level remained unchanged over time both for immigrant and non-immigrant children, while levels of academic achievement increased only for children of immigrants with both parents born outside of Norway...
May 31, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800057/internal-and-external-factors-that-support-children-s-minority-first-language-and-english
#5
Giang Pham, Timothy Tipton
Purpose: Sequential bilingual children in the United States often speak 2 languages that have different social statuses (minority-majority) and separate contexts for learning (home-school). Thus, distinct factors may support the development of each language. This study examined which child internal and external factors were related to vocabulary skills in a minority language versus English. Method: Participants included 69 children, aged 5-8 years, who lived in Southern California, spoke Vietnamese as the home language, and received school instruction in English...
May 22, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792072/contextualizing-acculturative-stress-among-latino-immigrants-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#6
Venera Bekteshi, Sung-Wan Kang
PURPOSE: This systematic review of the literature informed of (a) the relationship between acculturation and acculturative stress, (b) examined the determinants of acculturative stress among Latino immigrants in the U.S., and (c) provided a conceptual framework that can be used to specify the interactive effect of various factors on acculturative stress. METHODS: Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), this review synthesized the results of thirty studies published between 2000 and 2015 that investigated the influence of several socio-demographic and cultural contexts on acculturative stress among Latino immigrants categorized using Family Stress Management (FSM) theory as a framework...
May 23, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757770/the-unmet-supportive-care-needs-of-arab-australian-and-arab-jordanian-cancer-survivors-an-international-comparative-survey
#7
Ibrahim M Alananzeh, Janelle V Levesque, Cannas Kwok, Yenna Salamonson, Bronwyn Everett
BACKGROUND: Research exploring the unmet supportive care needs of Arab cancer survivors is limited, with most conducted with immigrant groups. No study has compared the unmet supportive care needs of immigrant Arab cancer survivors with Arab cancer survivors living in their native country. OBJECTIVE: To explore the unmet supportive care needs of both Arab Australian and Arab Jordanian cancer survivors. METHODS: Arab people living in Sydney, Australia, and Amman, Jordan, and diagnosed with cancer within the last 5 years were invited to complete a questionnaire that measured unmet supportive care needs, depression, and language acculturation...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739433/-because-if-we-talk-about-health-issues-first-it-is-easier-to-talk-about-human-trafficking-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-on-health-needs-and-service-provision-among-migrant-and-trafficked-fishermen-in-the-mekong
#8
Nicola S Pocock, Reena Tadee, Kanokwan Tharawan, Wansiri Rongrongmuang, Brett Dickson, Soksreymom Suos, Ligia Kiss, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking in the fishing industry or "sea slavery" in the Greater Mekong Subregion is reported to involve some of the most extreme forms of exploitation and abuse. A largely unregulated sector, commercial fishing boats operate in international waters far from shore and outside of national jurisdiction, where workers are commonly subjected to life-threatening risks. Yet, research on the health needs of trafficked fishermen is sparse. This paper describes abuses, occupational hazards, physical and mental health and post-trafficking well-being among a systematic consecutive sample of 275 trafficked fishermen using post-trafficking services in Thailand and Cambodia...
May 9, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672682/heia-tools-inclusion-of-migrants-in-health-policy-in-canada
#9
Kevin Pottie, Branka Agic, Douglas Archibald, Ayesha Ratnayake, Marcela Tapia, Joanne Thanos
This paper introduces the Migrant Populations Equity Extension for Ontario's Health Equity Impact Assessment (HEIA) initiatives. It provides a mechanism to address the needs of migrant populations, within a program and policy framework. Validation of an equity extension framework using community leaders and health practitioners engaged in HEIA workshops across Ontario. Participants assessed migrants' health needs and discussed how to integrate these needs into health policy. The Migrant Populations Equity Extension's framework assists decision makers assess relevant populations, collaborate with immigrant communities, improve policy development and mitigate unintended negative impacts of policy initiatives...
April 17, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670755/growing-up-in-australia-paradox-of-overweight-obesity-in-children-of-immigrants-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#10
T Zulfiqar, L Strazdins, C Banwell, H Dinh, C D'Este
Objective: Children of immigrants from low-and-middle-income countries show excess overweight/obesity risk relative to host populations, possibly due to socioeconomic disadvantage. The present study was conducted to estimate overweight/obesity prevalence and its association with the family socioeconomic-position in 2-11-year-old Australian-born children of immigrants and Australian-mothers. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of 10-year data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children was undertaken...
April 2018: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667718/trajectories-of-psychopathology-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-from-early-adolescence-to-adulthood-a-20-year-longitudinal-study
#11
Ryan J Van Lieshout, Mark A Ferro, Louis A Schmidt, Michael H Boyle, Saroj Saigal, Katherine M Morrison, Karen J Mathewson
BACKGROUND: Individuals born extremely preterm are exposed to significant perinatal stresses that are associated with an increased risk of psychopathology. However, a paucity of longitudinal studies has prevented the empirical examination of long-term, dynamic effects of perinatal adversity on mental health. Here, internalizing and externalizing problems from adolescence through adulthood were compared in individuals born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW; <1,000 g) and normal birth weight (NBW; >2,500 g)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659208/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-as-a-significant-correlate-of-voluntary-antiretroviral-treatment-interruption-in-adult-hiv-infected-patients-followed-up-in-french-hospitals-data-from-the-anrs-vespa2-national-survey
#12
Perrine Roux, Fabienne Marcellin, Khadim Ndiaye, Marie Suzan-Monti, Aurélie Mayet, Martin Duracinsky, Laélia Briand-Madrid, Gwenaëlle Maradan, Marion Mora, Marie Préau, Pierre Verger, Patrizia Carrieri, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Bruno Spire
OBJECTIVE: Although antiretroviral treatment (ART) no longer requires 100% adherence, voluntary treatment interruption (VTI) still may have a negative impact on virologic success. Previous studies have shown that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is more prevalent in HIV-infected patients than in the general population. However, no study has yet investigated the relationship between PTSD and VTI. We analyzed this relationship using data from a French national survey representative of HIV-infected adults followed up in hospitals...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658739/child-inhibitory-control-and-maternal-acculturation-moderate-effects-of-maternal-parenting-on-chinese-american-children-s-adjustment
#13
Jing Yu, Charissa S L Cheah, Craig H Hart, Chongming Yang
The goals of this study were to examine: (a) bidirectional associations between maternal parenting (physical punishment and guilt induction) and Chinese American preschool children's psychosocial adjustment and (b) the role of maternal cultural orientation and child temperament in moderating parenting effects. Participants were Chinese American mothers and children (N = 163, Mage = 4.56, 53% boys). Mothers reported on their parenting practices at both Wave 1 (W1) and Wave 2 (W2) and their cultural orientations and children's inhibitory control at W1...
June 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650871/-a-discussion-of-involvement-of-pharmacists-in-home-medical-care-in-foreign-countries-and-international-comparison-of-medical-care-system
#14
Tokuko Okuda
In an aging society, the sustainability of the public medical system is the most important factor. I surveyed leading cases in Japan, as well as corresponding cases overseas. I also conducted interviews in Britain, North America, and Europe, and these indicated the current trends and issues. The UK has a universal insurance system and, facing a declining birthrate and an aging population, they have adopted a policy of immigration, which has various problems. However, the GP system is highly regarded by the OECD...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625619/mapping-the-lack-of-public-initiative-against-female-genital-mutilation-in-denmark
#15
Gro Møller Christoffersen, Peter James Bruhn, Rosanna de Neergaard, Susanne Engel, Vibeke Naeser
BACKGROUND: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a harmful practice prevalent in 35 countries, mainly in Africa, as well as in some Middle Eastern countries and a few Asian countries. FGM comprises all procedures that involve partial or complete resection of, or other injury to, external female genitalia for non-medical reasons. The practice of FGM has spread to Western countries due to migration. The European Institute for Gender Equality recommend that FGM be combatted by nationally coordinated efforts through implementation of national action plans, guidelines for professionals as well as comprehensive research in the field...
April 7, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582953/-to-be-a-resident-in-the-department-of-medicine
#16
Matan Fischer, Zahi Abu Ghosh, Limor Rubin, Fadi Kharouf, Oshrat Ayalon, Danna Dror, Batla Falah, Dror Mevorach
Sir William Osler is considered to be one of the fathers of modern medicine who pioneered the practice of bedside teaching of clinical medicine for medical students and residents. Osler was well known as a diagnostician and outstanding therapist with a humanized approach and rare didactic capabilities. Medical training at Hadassah is built on the central tenets of Osler's approach, incorporating the tremendous advances in science and medicine. Training for residents in Internal Medicine is designed to develop a broad base of medical and, if possible, scientific knowledge, as well as skills and competencies to deliver a high standard of patient care...
March 2018: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579801/guinean-population-emigrant-to-spain-has-very-little-awareness-of-the-donation-and-transplantation-of-organs
#17
A Ríos, J Carrillo, A I López-Navas, L Martínez-Alarcón, M A Ayala, G Garrido, G Ramis, A M Hernández, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
INTRODUCTION: The Guinean population is an emerging group in Europe, but the group's awareness of organ donation and transplantation has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the attitude toward organ donation among the population born in Guinea living in Spain. METHODS: The population older than 15 years, born in Guinea, and resident in Spain was studied, stratified by age and sex, according to census data and immigrant assistance associations...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579799/is-the-incipient-community-of-senegalese-emigrants-to-spain-in-favor-of-the-donation-of-related-renal-live
#18
A Ríos, J Carrillo, A I López-Navas, L Martínez-Alarcón, M A Ayala, G Garrido, G Ramis, A M Hernández, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
BACKGROUND: Senegalese populations are massively migrating to the southern parts of the European Union, especially Spain, France, and Italy. The attitude towards living kidney donation in this group is little known. The objective of this study was to analyze the attitude toward living kidney donation of subjects from the population of Senegalese residents in Spain. METHODS: The study subjects were the Senegalese population residing in Spain aged >15 years stratified according to age and sex, according to census data and immigrant support associations...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565624/intersectionality-in-psychotherapy-the-experiences-of-an-afrolatinx-queer-immigrant
#19
Hector Y Adames, Nayeli Y Chavez-Dueñas, Shweta Sharma, Martin J La Roche
Culturally responsive and racially conscious psychotherapeutic work requires that therapists recognize the ways clients are impacted by their multiple marginalized identities and by systems of oppression (e.g., racism, ethnocentrism, sexism, heterosexism, and nativism). Attending exclusively to clients' marginalized identities (i.e., weak intersectionality) may drive therapists to only focus on internal, subjective, and emotional experiences, hence, missing the opportunity to consider and address how multiple sociostructural dimensions (i...
March 2018: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552991/psychometric-properties-of-the-inventory-of-attitudes-toward-seeking-mental-health-services-chinese-version
#20
Yvonne Tieu, Candace Konnert, Leanne Quigley
ABSTRACTResearch on underutilization patterns of mental health services among older Chinese immigrants is limited, partly due to the absence of translated, psychometrically sound measures for assessing attitudes towards seeking help. In this study we interviewed 200 older Chinese Canadian immigrants using a translated version of the Inventory of Attitudes Toward Seeking Mental Health Services scale (IASMHS), and assessed mental health care utilization over the past 12 months and intentions to seek help. Confirmatory factor analysis failed to replicate the original three-factor structure; thus, we used exploratory factor analysis to create a 20-item Chinese version, the C-IASMHS...
June 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
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