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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450662/preconception-counseling-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-diabetes-a-literature-review-of-the-past-10-years
#1
REVIEW
Frances Peterson-Burch, Hiba Abujaradeh, Nicole Charache, Andrea Fischl, Denise Charron-Prochownik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Women with diabetes who have unplanned pregnancies and uncontrolled blood sugars are at a higher risk for maternal and fetal morbidities and mortalities. Preconception counseling (PC) has been shown to decrease the risks and improve health outcomes. From 2009 to 2017, the American Diabetes Association has recommended that preconception counseling be given at each clinic visit for all women with diabetes of childbearing age starting at puberty (prior to sexual debut)...
February 15, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449157/risk-of-unplanned-caesarean-birth-in-vietnamese-born-women-in-victoria-australia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Paul A Agius, Mary-Ann Davey, Rhonda Small
BACKGROUND: Understanding the prevalence of, and factors associated with, caesarean birth among immigrant populations is essential for appropriate antenatal and postnatal resource allocation. AIMS: To compare rates of caesarean birth between one of the largest immigrant populations of women giving birth in Australia (Vietnamese-born women) with those of Australian-born women and investigate the odds of unplanned caesarean in these women, controlling for maternal characteristics, pregnancy complications and labour management factors...
February 12, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435794/emergency-contraceptive-pills-ecp-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-women-working-in-the-entertainment-industry-and-men-in-the-trucking-industry-bhutan
#3
Deki Pem, Tshewang Nidup, Ugyen Wangdi, Dorji Pelzom, Ali Mirzazadeh, Willi McFarland
Emergency contraceptive pills (ECP) were recently made available over the counter in Bhutan. We evaluated knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning ECP in 2 populations at risk for HIV and STI (sexually transmitted infections): entertainment women (drayang) and male truck drivers and helpers (truckers). Of 179 drayang and 437 truckers intercepted at venues, 73.7 and 21.1%, respectively, had heard of ECP; 47.0% of drayang had used them. Their concerns about ECP use included harm to the body, impact on future pregnancy, side effects, and HIV/STI risk...
February 12, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430061/biodegradable-polymeric-injectable-implants-for-long-term-delivery-of-contraceptive-drugs
#4
Ohan S Manoukian, Michael R Arul, Naseem Sardashti, Teagan Stedman, Roshan James, Swetha Rudraiah, Sangamesh G Kumbar
Development of injectable, long-lasting, contraceptive drug delivery formulations and implants are highly desired to avoid unplanned pregnancies while improving patient compliance and reducing adverse side effects and treatment costs. The present study reports on the fabrication and characterization of two levonorgestrel (LNG) microsphere injectable formulations. Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) with 12.5% and 24% (w/w) LNG were fabricated into microspheres, measuring 300±125 μm, via the oil-in-water (o/w) emulsion solvent evaporation technique...
April 2018: Journal of Applied Polymer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425793/risky-sexual-behavior-among-cannabis-users-the-role-of-protective-behavioral-strategies
#5
Julia D Buckner, Elizabeth M Lewis, Sonia M Shah, Katherine A Walukevich
Cannabis users tend to use condoms less often than cannabis abstainers, placing them at risk for sexually transmitted disease and unplanned pregnancies. This is especially problematic among college students, who experience such problems at especially high rates. Despite accumulating data indicating that cannabis users are less likely to use condoms, little research has identified potentially malleable cognitive vulnerability factors that may be related to condom use in this vulnerable population. Thus, the current study tested whether cannabis users believed others use condoms less often and/or whether they engaged in less condom-related protective behavior strategies (PBS) than cannabis abstainers and whether cannabis use status was indirectly related to condom use via these vulnerability factors...
February 1, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422099/applying-the-results-based-management-framework-to-the-cerca-multi-component-project-in-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-a-retrospective-analysis
#6
Kathya Cordova-Pozo, Andrea J Hoopes, Freddy Cordova, Bernardo Vega, Zoyla Segura, Arnold Hagens
BACKGROUND: Adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH), problems such as unplanned pregnancies are complex and multifactorial, thus requiring multifaceted prevention interventions. Evaluating the impact of such interventions is important to ensure efficiency, effectiveness and accountability for project funders and community members. In this study, we propose Results Based Management (RBM) as a framework for project management, using the Community Embedded Reproductive Health Care for Adolescents (CERCA) as a case study for RBM...
February 8, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420535/sociodemographic-obstetric-characteristics-antenatal-morbidities-and-perinatal-depressive-symptoms-a-three-wave-prospective-study
#7
Ying Lau, Tha Pyai Htun, Ho Keung Dennis Kwong
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed (1) to investigate the pattern of perinatal depressive symptoms, and (2) to determine the relationships between sociodemographic characteristics, obstetric factors, antenatal morbidities, postnatal conditions, and perinatal depressive symptoms using a structural equation model (SEM). METHOD: A three-wave prospective longitudinal design was used for 361 women in their second trimester, third trimester, and at six weeks postpartum. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was used to assess the depressive symptoms...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415589/late-preterm-birth-and-previous-cesarean-section-a-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Abdool S Yasseen, Kate Bassil, Ann Sprague, Marcelo Urquia, Jonathon L Maguire
BACKGROUND: Late preterm birth (LPB) is increasingly common and associated with higher morbidity and mortality than term birth. Yet, little is known about the influence of previous cesarean section (PCS) and the occurrence of LPB in subsequent pregnancies. We aim to evaluate this association along with the potential mediation by cesarean sections in the current pregnancy. METHODS: We use population based birth registry data (2005-2012) to establish a cohort of live born singleton infants born between 34 and 41 gestational weeks to multiparous mothers...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412743/investigating-caesarean-section-birth-as-a-risk-factor-for-childhood-overweight
#9
Tina Lavin, David B Preen
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section birth may be associated with overweight in childhood; however, findings to date have been inconsistent. This study explored the association of caesarean section vs. vaginal birth with childhood overweight in Vietnam. METHODS: This longitudinal cohort study explored the association of delivery mode with overweight, obesity, and overweight/or obesity at 8 years of age in children (n = 1937) across 20 sites in Vietnam, using Young Lives longitudinal cohort study data...
February 2018: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412451/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-postpartum-depression-in-women-from-single-child-families
#10
Ribo Xiong, Aiwen Deng, Bo Wan, Yan Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of postpartum depression (PPD) and its associated factors among women without siblings from south China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 468 mothers from single-child families who were assessed at 6 weeks after childbirth at a tertiary hospital in Guangzhou, China, from June 2015 to July 2016. The Chinese version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale and a self-designed questionnaire regarding risk factors were administered to all participants...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408754/elective-abortion-clinical-practice-guidelines-from-the-french-college-of-gynecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#11
REVIEW
Christophe Vayssière, Adrien Gaudineau, Luisa Attali, Karima Bettahar, Sophie Eyraud, Philippe Faucher, Patrick Fournet, Danielle Hassoun, Marie Hatchuel, Christian Jamin, Brigitte Letombe, Teddy Linet, Marie Msika Razon, Alexandra Ohanessian, Hélène Segain, Solène Vigoureux, Norbert Winer, Sophie Wylomanski, Aubert Agostini
The number of elective abortions has been stable for several decades. Many factors explain women's choice of abortion in cases of unplanned pregnancies. Early initiation of contraceptive use and a choice of contraceptive choices appropriate to the woman's life are associated with lower rates of unplanned pregnancies. Reversible long-acting contraceptives should be favored as first-line methods for adolescents because of their effectiveness (grade C). Ultrasound scan before an elective abortion must be encouraged but should not be obligatory (professional consensus)...
January 26, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404741/the-risk-of-placenta-accreta-following-primary-cesarean-delivery
#12
Gil Zeevi, Dan Tirosh, Joel Baron, Maayan Yitshak Sade, Adi Segal, Reli Hershkovitz
OBJECTIVE: To (a) evaluate the risk for placenta accreta following primary cesarean section (CS), in regard to the stage of labor, the cesarean section was taken (elective prelabor vs. unplanned during labor); and (b) investigate whether the association between placenta accreta and maternal and neonatal complications is modified by the type of the primary CS. STUDY DESIGN: In a population-based retrospective cohort study, we included all singleton deliveries occurred in Soroka University Medical Center between 1991 and 2015, of women who had a history of a single CS...
February 5, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397761/threats-during-sex-work-and-association-with-mental-health-among-young-female-sex-workers-in-hong-kong
#13
Phoenix K H Mo, Winnie W S Mak, Yvonne T Y Kwok, Meiqi Xin, Charlie W L Chan, Louise W M Yip
Young female sex workers (YFSWs) are confronted with significant threats during sex work. The present cross-sectional study examined different levels of threats (i.e., threats to life and health, threats to humanity, threats to control of work and financial security, and the threats to future) experienced by 87 YFSWs (age 16-25) in Hong Kong, and identified their association with mental health (i.e., psychological well-being) together with other factors, including childhood trauma, self-efficacy, hope, and social support...
February 4, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395696/client-experiences-with-perinatal-healthcare-for-high-risk-and-low-risk-women
#14
Cherelle M V van Stenus, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Erna F G M Kerkhof, Ariana Need
PROBLEM: It is unknown if client experiences with perinatal healthcare differ between low-risk and high-risk women. BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands, risk selection divides pregnant women into low- and high-risk groups. Receiving news that a pregnancy or childbirth has an increased likelihood of complications can cause elevated levels of emotional distress. AIM: The purpose of this study is to describe client experiences with perinatal healthcare and to determine which, if any, background characteristics, pregnancy circumstances, childbirth or follow-up care characteristics are explaining variables of differences in client experiences between high-risk and low-risk women...
January 26, 2018: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388247/association-between-provider-type-and-cesarean-birth-in-healthy-nulliparous-laboring-women-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
Nicole S Carlson, Elizabeth J Corwin, Teri L Hernandez, Elizabeth Holt, Nancy K Lowe, K Joseph Hurt
BACKGROUND: Term nulliparous women have the greatest variation across hospitals and providers in cesarean rates and therefore present an opportunity to improve quality through optimal care. We evaluated associations between provider type and mode of birth, including examination of intrapartum management in healthy, laboring nulliparous women. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study using prospectively collected perinatal data from a United States academic medical center (2005-2012)...
January 31, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377521/subsequent-unintended-pregnancy-among-us-women-who-receive-or-are-denied-a-wanted-abortion
#16
Evelyn Angel Aztlan, Diana Greene Foster, Ushma Upadhyay
INTRODUCTION: Seventeen percent of women in the United States experience more than one unintended pregnancy in their lifetimes. However, few studies examine how the resolution of unintended pregnancy, whether in birth or abortion, affects the likelihood of a subsequent unintended pregnancy. Our objective was to determine whether receiving or being denied a wanted abortion is associated with subsequent unintended pregnancy. METHODS: The Turnaway Study, a 5-year, prospective cohort study, followed women who sought an abortion at one of 30 abortion facilities across the United States between 2008 and 2010...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370220/women-s-experiences-with-unplanned-pregnancy-and-abortion-in-kenya-a-qualitative-study
#17
Ruvani T Jayaweera, Felistah Mbithe Ngui, Kelli Stidham Hall, Caitlin Gerdts
BACKGROUND: Safe and legal abortions are rarely practiced in the public health sector in Kenya, and rates of maternal mortality and morbidity from unsafe abortion is high. Little is known about women's experiences seeking and accessing abortion in informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya. METHODS: Seven focus group discussions were conducted with a total of 71 women and girls recruited from an informal settlement in Nairobi. The interview guide explored participants' perceptions of unplanned pregnancy, abortion, and access to sexual and reproductive health information in their community...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332220/perinatal-outcomes-of-unplanned-out-of-hospital-deliveries-a-case-control-study
#18
Yael Pasternak, Eliana Muskin Wintner, Gil Shechter-Maor, Yehonatan Pasternak, Netanella Miller, Tal Biron-Shental
PURPOSE: To compare the pregnancy and perinatal outcomes of unplanned home or car births vs. in-hospital deliveries. METHODS: A retrospective, case-control study of women who underwent unplanned out-of-hospital deliveries vs. in-hospital deliveries from 2004 through 2014. Matching was based on gestational age and parity in a ratio of 2:1. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the groups regarding demographic criteria, prenatal care and delivery complications...
January 13, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329988/rethinking-medicaid-coverage-and-payment-policy-to-promote-high-value-care-the-case-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#19
Veronica X Vela, Elizabeth W Patton, Darshak Sanghavi, Susan F Wood, Peter Shin, Sara Rosenbaum
CONTEXT: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is the most effective reversible method to prevent unplanned pregnancies. Variability in state-level policies and the high cost of LARC could create substantial inconsistencies in Medicaid coverage, despite federal guidance aimed at enhancing broad access. This study surveyed state Medicaid payment policies and outreach activities related to LARC to explore the scope of services covered. METHODS: Using publicly available information, we performed a content analysis of state Medicaid family planning and LARC payment policies...
January 9, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288654/race-and-ethnicity-may-not-be-associated-with-risk-of-unintended-pregnancy
#20
Shakkaura Kemet, Lisbet S Lundsberg, Aileen M Gariepy
OBJECTIVES: To use improved measures and methodology to investigate whether race and ethnicity are associated with unintended pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of English- or Spanish-speaking women, aged 16-44, with pregnancies<24weeks' gestation recruited from pregnancy testing and abortion care sites in New Haven, CT, between June 2014 and June 2015. Participants completed self-assessments of race, ethnicity, and multi-dimensional measures of pregnancy "context," including timing, intention, wantedness, desirability, happiness, and planning (measured with the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy)...
December 27, 2017: Contraception
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