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unplanned pregnancy

O M Shaaban, A M Abbas, H A Abdel Hafiz, A S Abdelrahman, M Rashwan, E R Othman
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy during lactation is common in Egypt and is often unplanned. Overlap between pregnancy and lactation could be associated with an increased risk for the pregnant mother, her fetus as well as her nursing child. AIM OF THE STUDY: The current study aims to compare the maternal and perinatal outcome of pregnancies occurred during lactation with those occurred after weaning in women with substandard nutrition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective-cohort study was carried out in six Maternal and Child Health Centers in Assiut-Egypt...
December 28, 2015: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
Susan M Sereika, Dorothy Becker, Patricia Schmitt, A Blair Powell, Ana Maria Diaz, Andrea F R Fischl, Jennifer Thurheimer-Cacciotti, William H Herman, Denise Charron-Prochownik
OBJECTIVE: Because unplanned pregnancies could cause maternal-fetal complications for women with diabetes, family planning vigilance (FPV) is imperative. The aims of this article are to operationalize and describe FPV and examine the associations among FPV behaviors and diabetes self-care management (DSM) and health outcomes of women with type 1 diabetes (T1D). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective data were used from a follow-up study of adult women with T1D who participated as adolescents in a preconception counseling (PC) intervention trial and matched comparison women with T1D who did not receive the adolescent PC intervention...
October 11, 2016: Diabetes Care
Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Ezebunwa Ethelbert Nwokocha, Wilson Akpan, Oladele Vincent Adeniyi
BACKGROUND: Emergency contraception (EC) can significantly reduce the rate of unintended pregnancies and unsafe abortions especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite the increasing awareness of EC among educated young women in Nigeria, the rate of utilisation remains low. This study therefore explores the main barriers to the use of EC among female university students by analysing their knowledge of emergency contraception, methods ever used, perceived efficacy, and its acceptability. METHODS: This paper brings together the findings from several focus groups (N = 5) and in-depth interviews (N = 20) conducted amongst unmarried female undergraduate students in two Nigerian universities...
October 4, 2016: BMC Public Health
Nanzen Caroline Kaphagawani, Ezekiel Kalipeni
This study explores sociocultural and other risk factors associated with unplanned teenage pregnancy in Zomba district of Malawi. Data were obtained from 505 participants under the age of 20 years using a questionnaire administered through face-to-face interviews held at five antenatal clinics. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, frequency tables and chi-square analysis which allowed comparative understanding of the sociocultural risk factors for planned and unplanned teenage pregnancy in Zomba district...
September 30, 2016: Global Public Health
Jessica Liauw, Jessica Foran, Brigid Dineley, Dustin Costescu, Fiona G Kouyoumdjian
OBJECTIVE: Studies from the United States have shown that women in correctional facilities have higher rates of unintended pregnancy and unmet need for contraception compared with the general population, and that the provision of family planning services in correctional facilities may improve access to contraception. No study has examined these issues in women in correctional facilities in Canada. We aimed to describe the rates of unintended pregnancy and contraceptive use for incarcerated women in Ontario...
September 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Chrishanthy Grace Jayarajah, Trudi Seneviratne
Unplanned pregnancies are a unique, yet significant risk factor in perinatal mental health. Our aim was to create an assessment tool to assess mother's views on contraception as part of the discharge planning process. We used a quantitative-qualitative approach. A clinician-guided questionnaire was completed by patients prior to their discharge from hospital and analysed using Microsoft Excel. Semi-structured interviews were used to explore views regarding family planning in greater depth. Interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim onto Microsoft Word...
September 23, 2016: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Nitin Joseph, Bhavishya Shetty, Fathima Hasreen, R Ishwarya, Mukesh Baniya, Sahil Sachdeva, Samarth Agarwal
BACKGROUND: In India every year, a large number of pregnancies are unplanned resulting in unsafe abortion. This has tremendous implications both on health and survival of women. Usage of emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) could be a solution provided the usage is as per guidelines and social issues do not cause objections. AIM: This study was done to assess the awareness and attitudes regarding ECPs. METHODS: Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire from the university students...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
Tamara K Parissenti, Gundula Hebisch, Wieland Sell, Patricia E Staedele, Volker Viereck, Mathias K Fehr
PURPOSE: To identify risk factors for emergency caesarean section in women attempting a vaginal breech delivery at term. METHODS: Data from 1092 breech deliveries performed between 1998 and 2013 at a Swiss cantonal hospital were extracted from an electronic database. Of the 866 women with a singleton, full term pregnancy, 464 planned a vaginal breech delivery. Fifty-seven percent (265/464) were successful in delivering vaginally. Multivariate regression analyses of risk factors were performed, and neonatal and maternal complications were compared...
September 8, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Telake Azale Bisetegn, Getnet Mihretie, Tefera Muche
BACKGROUND: Depression during pregnancy is a major health problem because it is prevalent and chronic, and its impact on birth outcome and child health is serious. Several psychosocial and obstetric factors have been identified as predictors. Evidence on the prevalence and predictors of antenatal depression is very limited in Ethiopia. This study aims to determine prevalence and associated factors with antenatal depression. METHODS: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 527 pregnant women recruited in a cluster sampling method...
2016: PloS One
Ebenezer O Oluwole, Linda Skaal
BACKGROUND: There is significantly high contraceptive knowledge in South Africa, but the uptake of contraceptives is average to low with resultant soaring of unplanned pregnancy and rising statistics of termination of pregnancy (TOP) services. This study aimed to establish the contraceptive practices among women in the South African population seeking TOP in one public hospital in Eastern Cape, South Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among women seeking TOP in a women's clinic...
2016: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
Amirhossein Moaddab, Gary A Dildy, Haywood L Brown, Zhoobin H Bateni, Michael A Belfort, Haleh Sangi-Haghpeykar, Steven L Clark
OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors associated with differential state maternal mortality ratios and to quantitate the contribution of various demographic factors to such variation. METHODS: In a population-level analysis study, we analyzed data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics database and the Detailed Mortality Underlying Cause of Death database (CDC WONDER) that contains mortality and population counts for all U...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Braimoh Bello, Dick Heederik, Danuta Kielkowski, Kerry Wilson
BACKGROUND: The effects of female occupational exposures on fecundity have not been evaluated in South Africa. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of three specific occupational groups on time-to-pregnancy (TTP). METHODS: This cross-sectional study collected data, by means of a questionnaire, on 1210 women representative of a South African population, and sought information on: TTP for the most recent pregnancy, time-specific information on maternal factors and occupational exposures, as well as some paternal factors...
2016: Reproductive Health
Chia-Ling Ho, Teo A W Quay, Angela M Devlin, Yvonne Lamers
Low periconceptional vitamin B6 (B6) status has been associated with an increased risk of preterm birth and early pregnancy loss. Given many pregnancies are unplanned; it is important for women to maintain an adequate B6 status throughout reproductive years. There is limited data on B6 status in Canadian women. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of B6 deficiency and predictors of B6 status in young adult women in Metro Vancouver. We included a convenience sample of young adult non-pregnant women (19-35 years; n = 202)...
2016: Nutrients
Lu Long, Zhenhua Chen, Yun Shi, Sheng Wei, Shaofa Nie, Yi Liu
BACKGROUND: College students have a high incidence of unplanned pregnancies in China, which has highly raised public attention. As such, numerous reproductive health services are provided to college students. This study examined whether health services in college lead to contraceptive use among female college students in heterosexual relationships. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire survey with cross-sectional design was administered among female students in four colleges in Wuhan, China to identify health service factors associated with contraceptive use in the past 6 months...
2016: BMC Public Health
Tuck Seng Cheng, See Ling Loy, Yin Bun Cheung, Keith M Godfrey, Peter D Gluckman, Kenneth Kwek, Seang Mei Saw, Yap-Seng Chong, Yung Seng Lee, Fabian Yap, Jerry Kok Yen Chan, Ngee Lek
Studies on pregnancy intentions and their consequences have yielded mixed results. Here, we comprehensively analyzed the maternal characteristics, health behaviors before and during pregnancy, as well as pregnancy and birth outcomes, across three different pregnancy planning status in 861 women participating in an ongoing Asian mother-offspring cohort study. At 26-28 weeks' gestation, the women's intention and enthusiasm toward their pregnancy were used to classify their pregnancy into planned or unplanned, and unplanned pregnancy was further subdivided into mistimed or unintended...
November 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Ana Labandera, Monica Gorgoroso, Leonel Briozzo
The history of the creation of the risk and harm reduction model applied to unsafe abortion is reviewed, from its initial implementation by a small group of gynecologists at the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center in Uruguay to its spread to the rest of the country. Its ethical rationale, its successful application in the hospital, the decision to disseminate it with the cooperation of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO), and the intervention procedures are explained. It was evaluated from the epidemiological and anthropological viewpoints, from the changes in professionals' and users' perception of the care offered and its impact on complications and maternal deaths...
August 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Abigail R A Aiken, Carolyn L Westhoff, James Trussell, Paula M Castaño
CONTEXT: Unintended pregnancy is a universal benchmark for reproductive health, but whether variations reflect differences in measurement and how well measures predict pregnancy outcomes warrant further examination. U.S. and British measures of unintended and unplanned pregnancy offer a useful comparison. METHODS: Some 220 women seeking pregnancy testing at the Columbia University Medical Center in 2005 responded to three pregnancy measures: a binary timing-based measure of unintended pregnancy (TMUP); a multi-item measure of timing-based intentions and planning behaviors, the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP); and a measure combining intentions (from the TMUP) and how women would feel about a positive pregnancy test...
September 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
N Bergemann, W E Paulus
BACKGROUND: It is not rare that the first manifestation or relapse of an affective disorder occurs during pregnancy. Should a pharmacological treatment be indicated, the selection of a suitable substance should be made on a basis which is as safe as possible. Even when treating women of childbearing age it should be assured that the psychotropic drug selected is safe to use during pregnancy as a high percentage of pregnancies are unplanned. OBJECTIVE: When assessing the risks and benefits of psychopharmacotherapy in women who are or wish to get pregnant, not only the exposure of the child to potentially teratogenic drug effects but also potential complications during or after pregnancy and long-term neuropsychological issues need to be addressed...
September 2016: Der Nervenarzt
Christie Debono, Rita Borg Xuereb, Josianne Scerri, Liberato Camilleri
AIM: To examine the association between sociodemographic, pregnancy related variables and psychological and verbal intimate partner abuse (PIPA), as well as determine which of these variables, are predictors of PIPA during pregnancy. BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence is a significant health issue, with severe implications to both mother and foetus. However, much of the research to date focuses on the outcomes of physical abuse. This article addresses the dearth in literature by examining the association between sociodemographic, pregnancy related variables and PIPA during pregnancy...
August 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Myriam Bensemlali, Julien Stirnemann, Jérôme Le Bidois, Marilyne Lévy, Francesca Raimondi, Eric Hery, Bertrand Stos, Bettina Bessières, Younes Boudjemline, Damien Bonnet
BACKGROUND: Pre-natal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) allows anticipation of urgent neonatal treatment and provides adequate information to the parents on cardiac outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to analyze the discordances between expert fetal cardiac diagnosis and final diagnosis of CHD and their impact on neonatal and long-term care strategies. METHODS: We included 1,258 neonates with a pre-natally diagnosed CHD and 189 fetopsies following termination of pregnancy at our tertiary center over a 10-year period...
August 30, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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