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Triathlon, cycling,running injuries,

Hae-Rang Yang, Jinwoo Jeong, Injoo Kim, Ji Eun Kim
BACKGROUND: The Ironman 70.3 race is also called a half Ironman, and consists of 1.9 km of swimming, 90.1 km of cycling, and 21.1 km of running. The authors provide practical insights that may be useful for medical support in future events by summarizing the process and results of on-scene medical care. METHODS: The medical post was established at the transition area between the cycling and running courses, which was close to the finish line, and staffed with the headquarters team comprised of an emergency physician, an EMT, two nurses, and an ambulance with a driver...
2017: F1000Research
Chia-Lun Lee, Mei-Chich Hsu, Todd A Astorino, Ta-Wei Liu, Wen-Dien Chang
BACKGROUND: Weekly training volumes for triathlete are typically higher and may cause fatigue and musculoskeletal injury risk. High-intensity interval training (HIT) is a potent time-efficient strategy to induce adaptations normally associated with traditional endurance training. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of two weeks of in-season HIT on exercise capacity and hormonal responses in young triathletes. METHODS: Twelve adolescent triathletes performed 18 sessions of HIT over 2 weeks including swim, cycle, and run events...
April 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
R Leischik, B Dworrak
In the beginning sporting activity may be exhausting, but over time, physical activity turns out to have beneficial effects to the body and even extended cycling or running is an emotional and healthy enrichment in life. On the other hand, spectacular sudden deaths during marathon, football and, just recently, in the trend discipline triathlon seem to support the dark side of the sporting activity. Since years there are constantly appearing reports about a potential myocardial injury induced by intensive sporting activities...
2014: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Izabela Pichinin Bertola, Renato Pineda Sartori, Daniela Gallon Corrêa, Talita Gianello Gnoato Zotz, Anna Raquel Silveira Gomes
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of injuries occurred during training and/or competition in triathlon athletes at SESC Triathlon Caiobá-2011. METHODS: One hundred and ninety athletes participated in the study (153 males and 37 females). RESULTS: Athletes reported time of practice between 3 to 6 years (20%), training frequency of 5 days per week (48%), at least one injury during trainings (76%). The prevalence of injuries according to the sports category was: running (79%), cycling (16%) and swimming (5%)...
2014: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
Stefan Zwingenberger, Roberto D Valladares, Achim Walther, Heidrun Beck, Maik Stiehler, Stephan Kirschner, Martin Engelhardt, Philip Kasten
Associated with the trend towards increased health consciousness and fitness, triathlon has established itself as a sport for masses. The goals of this study were to evaluate injury risk factors of non-professional triathletes and to compare prospective and retrospective evaluation methods. Using an online survey, 212 triathletes retrospectively answered a questionnaire about their training habits and injuries during the past 12 months. Forty-nine of these triathletes participated in a 12-month prospective trial...
2014: Journal of Sports Sciences
Robert H Laird, Don Johnson
The Kona Ironman Triathlon is one of the most difficult endurance races in the world. The medical director of this race has summarized his experience in managing the injuries that these triathletes suffer. The heat, strong winds, and overall length of the event present unique injuries in swimming, cycling, and running. These injuries and their management have evolved over the years, and the change in their treatment is discussed.
December 2012: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
Andrea M Spiker, Sameer Dixit, Andrew J Cosgarea
The running portion of the triathlon represents the final leg of the competition and, by some reports, the most important part in determining a triathlete's overall success. Although most triathletes spend most of their training time on cycling, running injuries are the most common injuries encountered. Common causes of running injuries include overuse, lack of rest, and activities that aggravate biomechanical predisposers of specific injuries. We discuss the running-associated injuries in the hip, knee, lower leg, ankle, and foot of the triathlete, and the causes, presentation, evaluation, and treatment of each...
December 2012: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
James Bales, Karrn Bales
Most triathlon overuse injuries occur due to the running and cycling aspects of the sport. By nature of swimming being a non-weight-bearing sport, triathletes have a tendency to use swimming for rehabilitation and recovery. Swimming has a significantly lower injury rate than the other 2 disciplines in a triathlon. Most triathletes use the freestyle stroke, because it is typically the first stroke learned, it is for many the fastest stroke, and by lifting the head the freestyle stroke allows triathletes to sight their direction, which is important in open water swimming...
December 2012: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
Cameron McR Gosling, Alex Donaldson, Andrew B Forbes, Belinda J Gabbe
OBJECTIVE: To explore stakeholder perceptions of triathlon competition safety and injury risk. DESIGN: Qualitative focus group study. SETTING: Triathlon stakeholders from Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Competition organizers, coaches, and competitors of various skill levels, age, gender, and experience (n = 18). INTERVENTIONS: Focus groups were conducted, recorded, and transcribed for analysis...
January 2013: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Nicole K Rendos, Blain C Harrison, Jay M Dicharry, Lindsay D Sauer, Joseph M Hart
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological evidence indicates more than 70% of all injuries that occur while training for or competing in triathlon happen during running. Maintaining an aerodynamic position on a bicycle during a triathlon places triathletes in a prolonged trunk flexed position which may affect lower extremity running biomechanics following cycling and influence both injury risk and performance in these athletes. The aim of this study was to compare sagittal plane running kinematics after a 30-min cycling protocol to a baseline run without prior exercise...
May 2013: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Johnny G Owens, James A Blair, Jeanne C Patzkowski, Ryan V Blanck, Joseph R Hsu
BACKGROUND: The ability to return to running and sports participation after lower extremity limb salvage has not been well documented previously. Although the ability to ambulate without pain or assistive devices is generally a criteria for a good limb salvage outcome, many patients at our institution have expressed a desire to return to a more athletic lifestyle to include running and sports participation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the types of athletic endeavors our high-energy lower extremity trauma patients were able to pursue after limb salvage...
July 2011: Journal of Trauma
Michael J Tuite
Injuries in triathletes are common and are mostly overuse injuries. Rotator cuff tendinitis is the most common complaint from swimming, but the incidence of tendinopathy and rotator cuff tears on magnetic resonance imaging is comparable in triathletes without and with shoulder pain. Cycling injuries are mainly to the knee, including patellar tendinosis, iliotibial band syndrome, and patellofemoral stress syndrome, and to the Achilles tendon and the cervical and lumbar spine. Running is associated with most injuries in triathletes, during both training and racing, causing the athlete to discontinue the triathlon...
November 2010: Radiologic Clinics of North America
Cameron M Gosling, Andrew B Forbes, Jeanne McGivern, Belinda J Gabbe
BACKGROUND: Triathlon combines swimming, cycling, and running into a single event. With increasing popularity of this sport, there has been a rise in the number of participants, particularly in shorter distance races. However, the risks of participating in short-distance races have not been reported. PURPOSE: To describe the rate and profile of injuries seen for medical assistance during a triathlon race series. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
May 2010: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Veronica E Vleck, David J Bentley, Gregoire P Millet, Thomas Cochrane
We conducted a preliminary, questionnaire-based, retrospective analysis of training and injury in British National Squad Olympic distance (OD) and Ironman distance (IR) triathletes. The main outcome measures were training duration and training frequency and injury frequency and severity. The number of overuse injuries sustained over a 5-year period did not differ between OD and IR. However, the proportions of OD and IR athletes who were affected by injury to particular anatomical sites differed (p < 0.05)...
January 2010: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jason Bonacci, Andrew Chapman, Peter Blanch, Bill Vicenzino
Performance in endurance sports such as running, cycling and triathlon has long been investigated from a physiological perspective. A strong relationship between running economy and distance running performance is well established in the literature. From this established base, improvements in running economy have traditionally been achieved through endurance training. More recently, research has demonstrated short-term resistance and plyometric training has resulted in enhanced running economy. This improvement in running economy has been hypothesized to be a result of enhanced neuromuscular characteristics such as improved muscle power development and more efficient use of stored elastic energy during running...
2009: Sports Medicine
T Gorski, E Lusa Cadore, S Santana Pinto, E Marczwski da Silva, C Silva Correa, F Gabe Beltrami, L F Martins Kruel
OBJECTIVE: to determine the level of awareness regarding nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and the prevalence and reasons for their consumption among athletes competing at the 2008 Brazil Ironman Triathlon (3.8 km swim, 180 km cycle and 42.2 km run). DESIGN: survey study. SETTING: 2008 Brazil Ironman Triathlon, Florianópolis, Brazil, May 2008. PARTICIPANTS: 327 Of the 1250 athletes competing at the 2008 Brazil Ironman Triathlon were enrolled in the study...
February 2011: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Cameron McR Gosling, Belinda J Gabbe, Jeanne McGivern, Andrew B Forbes
Triathlon is a popular participation sport combining swimming, cycling and running into a single event. The Triathlon Australia medical policy advocates the use of wet bulb globe temperature as the criterion for altering race distance and an ambient temperature of 35 degrees C as a criterion for consideration of cancellation of an event, but there is little empirical evidence detailing the effectiveness of this policy. Nor has the impact of environmental thermal stress on triathletes in shorter duration events been determined...
January 2008: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Cameron McR Gosling, Belinda J Gabbe, Andrew B Forbes
Triathlon is a popular participation sport that combines swimming, cycling and running into a single event. A number of studies have investigated the incidence of injury, profile of injuries sustained and factors contributing to triathlon injury. This paper summarises the published literature in the context of the evidence base for the prevention of triathlon related injuries. Relevant articles on triathlon injuries were sourced from peer-reviewed English language journals and assessed using the Translating Research into Injury Prevention Practice (TRIPP) framework...
July 2008: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Mathias Baumert, Lars Brechtel, Jürgen Lock, Mario Hermsdorf, Roland Wolff, Vico Baier, Andreas Voss
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of abruptly intensified physical training on cardiovascular control. DESIGN: Retrospective longitudinal study. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Ten healthy athletes (5 men and 5 women) from track and field as well as triathlon. INTERVENTIONS: A 2-week training camp, including daily stepwise increasing cycling tests, running of 40 minutes, and additional cycling of 60 minutes...
September 2006: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
S Palazzetti, I Margaritis, C Y Guezennec
The aim of the study was to verify whether an overloaded training (OT) in triathlon deteriorates running kinematics (RK) and running economy (RE). Thirteen well-trained male long-distance triathletes (age: 28.1 +/- 4.3 yrs; V.O (2max): 65.0 +/- 3.1 ml O (2) . min (-1) . kg (-1)) were divided into two groups: completed an individualized OT program (OG; n = 7) or maintained a normal level of training (NT) (CG; n = 6) for a duration of 3 weeks. Every week, each triathlete completed a standardized questionnaire to quantify the influence of training loads on mood state...
April 2005: International Journal of Sports Medicine
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