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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776671/guidelines-on-diabetic-eye-care-the-international-council-of-ophthalmology-recommendations-for-screening-follow-up-referral-and-treatment-based-on-resource-settings
#1
REVIEW
Tien Y Wong, Jennifer Sun, Ryo Kawasaki, Paisan Ruamviboonsuk, Neeru Gupta, Van Charles Lansingh, Mauricio Maia, Wanjiku Mathenge, Sunil Moreker, Maji M K Muqit, Serge Resnikoff, Juan Verdaguer, Peiquan Zhao, Frederick Ferris, Lloyd P Aiello, Hugh R Taylor
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a global epidemic and affects populations in both developing and developed countries, with differing health care and resource levels. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a major complication of DM and a leading cause of vision loss in working middle-aged adults. Vision loss from DR can be prevented with broad-level public health strategies, but these need to be tailored to a country's and population's resource setting. Designing DR screening programs, with appropriate and timely referral to facilities with trained eye care professionals, and using cost-effective treatment for vision-threatening levels of DR can prevent vision loss...
May 15, 2018: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775639/surgical-management-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-attributed-to-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-aua-guideline
#2
Harris E Foster, Michael J Barry, Philipp Dahm, Manhar C Gandhi, Steven A Kaplan, Tobias S Kohler, Lori B Lerner, Deborah J Lightner, J Kellogg Parsons, Claus G Roehrborn, Charles Welliver, Timothy J Wilt, Kevin T McVary
Purpose; Male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is common in men and can have negative effects on quality of life (QOL). It is the hope that this Guideline becomes a reference on the effective evidence-based surgical management of LUTS/BPH. MATERIALS/METHODS: The evidence team searched Ovid MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) database to identify studies indexed between January 2007 and September 2017...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775033/guidelines-for-clinical-practice-hymenoptera-sting-allergy-in-children-2017-update
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772036/chronic-urticaria-following-practice-guidelines
#4
E P Westby, C Lynde, G Sussman
Histamine is a key inflammatory player in the pathogenesis of urticaria, a mast-cell-driven disease characterized clinically by the development of wheals, angioedema, or both. Changes to the management of chronic spontaneous urticaria have recently been adopted due to increasing literature surrounding the efficacy and safety of up-dosing modern second-generation H1 -antihistamines and the use of omalizamub, a biologic agent, as a third-line treatment. Given the prevalence of chronic urticaria and its impact on quality of life, this editorial aims to provide a summary of the proposed updated guidelines for the management of chronic urticaria as agreed upon at the 5th Consensus Conference on the Update and Revision of the EAACI/GA2 LEN/EDF/WAO Guideline for Urticaria in Berlin in December 2016...
May 2018: Skin Therapy Letter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771698/updates-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#5
William T Clarke, Joseph D Feuerstein
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review article will discuss the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), as well as the current recommendations for CRC screening and surveillance in patients with ulcerative colitis or Crohn's colitis involving one-third of the colon. RECENT FINDINGS: Given that most cases of CRC are thought to arise from dysplasia, previous guidelines have recommended endoscopic surveillance with random biopsies obtained from all segments of the colon...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771618/differences-between-new-and-long-standing-us-gun-owners-results-from-a-national-survey
#6
Joseph Wertz, Deborah Azrael, David Hemenway, Susan Sorenson, Matthew Miller
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the proportion of current US gun owners who are new to owning firearms and compare new versus long-standing gun owners with respect to their firearms and firearm-related behaviors. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative probability-based online survey conducted in 2015 in the United States. We defined new gun owners as current firearm owners who acquired all of their firearms within the past 5 years, but who lived in a home without a gun at some time over the past 5 years...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770626/practice-guidelines-for-management-of-ovarian-cancer-in-korea-a-korean-society-of-gynecologic-oncology-consensus-statement
#7
REVIEW
Dong Hoon Suh, Suk Joon Chang, Taejong Song, Sanghoon Lee, Woo Dae Kang, Sun Joo Lee, Ju Won Roh, Won Duk Joo, Joo Hee Yoon, Dae Hoon Jeong, Hee Seung Kim, Sung Jong Lee, Yong Il Ji, Hyun Jung Kim, Jeong Won Lee, Jae Weon Kim, Duk Soo Bae
Since after 2006 when the first edition of practice guidelines for gynecologic oncologic cancer treatment was released, the Korean Society of Gynecologic Oncology (KSGO) has published the following editions on a regular basis to suggest the best possible standard care considering updated scientific evidence as well as medical environment including insurance coverage. The Guidelines Revision Committee was summoned to revise the second edition of KSGO practice guidelines, which was published in July 2010, and develop the third edition...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769180/factors-associated-with-delay-in-carotid-endarterectomy-for-patients-with-symptomatic-severe-internal-carotid-artery-stenosis-a-case-control-study
#8
Daniel Meyer, Erwin Karreman, David Kopriva
BACKGROUND: The Canadian Best Practice Recommendations for Stroke Care (2008 update) recommend that patients with neurologic symptoms secondary to severe internal carotid artery stenosis undergo carotid endarterectomy within 14 days of symptom onset to prevent stroke. The purpose of this study was to identify patient and system factors associated with meeting, or failing to meet, the guideline. METHODS: In this case-control study, potential study participants were identified through an electronic search of the Discharge Abstract Database...
May 15, 2018: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768110/fertility-preservation-in-patients-with-cancer-asco-clinical-practice-guideline-update-summary
#9
Kutluk Oktay, Brittany E Harvey, Alison W Loren
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765296/peripartum-haemorrhage-haemostatic-aspects-of-the-new-german-pph-guideline
#10
REVIEW
Heiko Lier, Christian von Heymann, Wolfgang Korte, Dietmar Schlembach
Summary Peripartum haemorrhage remains one of the main causes of maternal mortality world-wide. The German, Austrian and Swiss Societies of Gynaecology and Obstetrics have updated the current guidelines for the treatment of peripartum haemorrhage together with the German Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine and the Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis Research. The recommendations have been the result of a thorough review of the available scientific literature and a consensus process involving all members of the guideline group...
April 2018: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763277/infectious-diarrhea-idsa-updates-guidelines-for-diagnosis-and-management
#11
Amber Randel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762879/eosinophilic-esophagitis-latest-insights-from-diagnosis-to-therapy
#12
REVIEW
Alain Schoepfer, Carine Blanchard, Heather Dawson, Alfredo Lucendo, Aurelio Mauro, Camillo Ribi, Ekaterina Safroneeva, Edoardo V Savarino, Roberto Penagini
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) represents a chronic, local immune-mediated esophageal disease, characterized clinically by symptoms related to esophageal dysfunction and histologically by eosinophil-predominant inflammation. Other systemic and local causes of esophageal eosinophilia should be excluded. Clinical manifestations or pathologic data should not be interpreted in isolation. EoE was first described as a distinct disease entity in 1993. Most patients are diagnosed with underlying food allergies. The first diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines were published in 2007 with a first update in 2011...
May 15, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762264/achieving-guideline-driven-high-intensity-statin-dose-in-cardiac-rehabilitation-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#13
Jonathan Lin, Alexandra Banathy, Carla Winters, Lars Andersen, Cindy Hudson, Heidi Testa, Joy Reardon, Peter Alagona
PURPOSE: The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guideline on the Treatment of Blood Cholesterol to Reduce Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Risk in Adults recommends high-intensity statin therapy in patients aged ≤75 y with clinical coronary artery disease (CAD). The effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in lipid management and guideline adherence is unknown. The purpose of this study is to determine whether CR participation affects guideline-driven achievement for statin use...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762257/evaluation-of-safety-guidelines-on-the-use-of-iodinated-contrast-material-conundrum-continued
#14
Estelle C Nijssen, Patty J Nelemans, Roger J Rennenberg, Vincent van Ommen, Joachim E Wildberger
OBJECTIVES: Recently, safety guidelines for the use of intravascular iodinated contrast material have been updated, and the recommended threshold for giving prophylaxis to prevent contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) has been reduced to estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) less than 30 mL/min/1.73 m. Data on this population in the context of CIN, especially evidence for efficacy of the recommendation of prophylactic intravenous hydration, are lacking. The aim of the current study was to test implicit assumptions underlying the guideline update: (1) patients with eGFR <30 mL/min/1...
May 14, 2018: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762202/hypertension-guideline-update-a-new-guideline-for-a-new-era
#15
Sondra M DePalma, Cheryl Dennison Himmelfarb, Eric J MacLaughlin, Sandra J Taler
In the United States, hypertension affects about one-third of adults and contributes to one out of every seven deaths. Evidence-based treatment is associated with reductions in incidence of stroke, myocardial infarction, and heart failure as well as associated disability and death. This article reviews the ACC/AHA Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines' 2017 Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults. Key changes include reclassification of BP stages and lowering of hypertension treatment goals...
May 8, 2018: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761867/airway-physical-examination-tests-for-detection-of-difficult-airway-management-in-apparently-normal-adult-patients
#16
REVIEW
Dominik Roth, Nathan L Pace, Anna Lee, Karen Hovhannisyan, Alexandra-Maria Warenits, Jasmin Arrich, Harald Herkner
BACKGROUND: The unanticipated difficult airway is a potentially life-threatening event during anaesthesia or acute conditions. An unsuccessfully managed upper airway is associated with serious morbidity and mortality. Several bedside screening tests are used in clinical practice to identify those at high risk of difficult airway. Their accuracy and benefit however, remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to characterize and compare the diagnostic accuracy of the Mallampati classification and other commonly used airway examination tests for assessing the physical status of the airway in adult patients with no apparent anatomical airway abnormalities...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761293/stable-but-progressive-nature-of-heart-failure-considerations-for-primary-care-physicians
#17
REVIEW
Inder Anand
Primary care physicians play a significant role in managing heart failure (HF), with the goals of reducing mortality, avoiding hospitalization, and improving patients' quality of life. Most HF-related hospitalizations and deaths occur in patients with New York Heart Association functional class II or III, many of whom are perceived to have stable disease, which often progresses without clinical symptoms due to underlying deleterious effects of neurohormonal imbalance and endothelial dysfunction. Management includes lifestyle changes and stepped pharmacological therapy directed at the four stages of HF, with aggressive uptitration of therapies, including beta-blockers and inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759272/pharmacologic-and-nonpharmacologic-treatment-of-restless-legs-syndrome
#18
REVIEW
Galia V Anguelova, Monique H M Vlak, Arthur G Y Kurvers, Roselyne M Rijsman
This article provides an updated practical guide for the treatment of primary restless legs syndrome (RLS). Articles that appeared after the American Academy of Neurology guideline search were reviewed according to the same evidence rating schedule. We found limited evidence for nonpharmacologic treatment options. In moderate to severe primary RLS, pharmacologic options may be considered, including iron suppletion, an α2δ ligand, a dopamine agonist, a combination of an α2δ ligand and a dopamine agonist, or oxycodone/naloxone...
June 2018: Sleep Medicine Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757315/a-multi-center-prospective-cohort-study-to-evaluate-the-effect-of-differential-pricing-and-health-systems-strengthening-on-access-to-medicines-and-management-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-in-ghana-a-study-protocol
#19
Linda Meta Mobula, Stephen Sarfo, Lynda Arthur, Gilbert Burnham, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Daniel Ansong, Edith Gavor, David Ofori-Adjei
Background: There is evidence to suggest that the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), in particular cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, are being recognized as forming a substantial proportion of the burden of disease among populations in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs).  Access to treatment is likely a key barrier to the control and prevention of NCD outcomes.  Differential pricing, an approach used to price drugs based on the purchasing power of patients in different socioeconomic segments, has been shown to be beneficial and leads to improved access and affordability...
February 7, 2018: Gates open research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755606/chronic-osteomyelitis-bacterial-flora-antibiotic-sensitivity-and-treatment-challenges
#20
Kuzma Jerzy, Hombhanje Francis
Background: Chronic osteomyelitis is a catastrophic sequel of delayed diagnosis of acute osteomyelitis. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to determine bacterial flora and antibiotic sensitivity, and to evaluate the outcome of an aggressive surgical approach to chronic osteomyelitis. Methods: This is a single surgeon, prospective cohort study on 30 consecutive patients with clinically and radiologically diagnosed chronic osteomyelitis presented to a hospital...
2018: Open Orthopaedics Journal
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