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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925882/why-are-antidepressant-drugs-effective-smoking-cessation-aids
#1
Mohammed Shoaib, Yazead Buhidma
Before the advent of varenicline, antidepressant drugs were reported to exhibit better clinical efficacy than nicotine replacement therapy as smoking cessation aids. The most studied is bupropion, a clinically-effective antidepressant, the first to be marketed throughout Europe for smoking cessation. The mechanisms behind bupropion's efficacy as a smoking cessation compound remains unclear. Since depression and tobacco smoking have a high incidence of co-occurrence, this would implicate an underlying link between these two conditions...
September 15, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922651/evaluating-the-effect-of-smoking-cessation-treatment-on-a-complex-dynamical-system
#2
Korkut Bekiroglu, Michael A Russell, Constantino M Lagoa, Stephanie T Lanza, Megan E Piper
OBJECTIVE: To understand the dynamic relations among tobacco withdrawal symptoms to inform the development of effective smoking cessation treatments. Dynamical system models from control engineering are introduced and utilized to evaluate complex treatment effects. We demonstrate how dynamical models can be used to examine how distinct withdrawal-related processes are related over time and how treatment influences these relations. METHOD: Intensive longitudinal data from a randomized placebo-controlled smoking cessation trial (N=1504) are used to estimate a dynamical model of withdrawal-related processes including momentary craving, negative affect, quitting self-efficacy, and cessation fatigue for each of six treatment conditions (nicotine patch, nicotine lozenge, bupropion, patch + lozenge, bupropion + lozenge, and placebo)...
August 25, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922195/dispositional-mindful-attention-in-relation-to-negative-affect-tobacco-withdrawal-and-expired-carbon-monoxide-on-and-after-quit-day
#3
Daniel J Paulus, Kirsten J Langdon, David W Wetter, Michael J Zvolensky
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness (or "Mindful Attention") has been described as the presence or absence of attention to, and awareness of, what is occurring in the present moment. Among smokers, greater mindfulness is associated with greater effect stability and reduced cue-induced craving. While studies have shown that mindfulness is associated with other smoking-related factors such as reduced withdrawal symptoms using cross-sectional data, relatively little is known about the associations between baseline mindful attention and future abstinence-related effect/withdrawal...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920521/implementing-evidence-based-smoking-cessation-treatment-in-psychosocial-care-units-caps-in-brazil
#4
João Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Nilson R da Silva, Marta Rd Campos, Helena F Moura, Gustavo Zabert, Beatriz M Champagne, Katherine E Kemper, J Taylor Hays
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of smoking among mental health and addiction (MHA) patients is 3 times higher than it is in the general population, yet this patient population has received little help to combat smoking. Considering this, psychosocial care centers (CAPS - Centros de Atenção Psicossocial) are strategic locations for integrating tobacco dependence treatment (TDT) into existing treatment activities. METHODS: Our team provided an 8-hour training package to the staff of CAPS that have not been providing specialized TDT for smokers...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912054/effectiveness-of-pharmacist-interventions-on-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-ckd-a-subgroup-analysis-of-the-randomized-controlled-rxeach-trial
#5
Yazid N Al Hamarneh, Ross T Tsuyuki, Charlotte A Jones, Braden Manns, Marcello Tonelli, Nairne Scott-Douglass, Kailash Jindal, Wendy Tink, Brenda R Hemmelgarn
BACKGROUND: Affecting a substantial proportion of adults, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is considered a major risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) events. It has been reported that patients with CKD are underserved when it comes to CV risk reduction efforts. STUDY DESIGN: Prespecified subgroup analysis of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Adults with CKD and at least 1 uncontrolled CV risk factor were enrolled from 56 pharmacies across Alberta, Canada...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910185/examining-the-effects-of-art-therapy-on-reoccurring-tobacco-use-in-a-taiwanese-youth-population-a-mixed-method-study
#6
Rei-Mei Hong, Su-Er Guo, Chun-Sheng Huang, Cheng Yin
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is a primary risk factor affecting mental and physical health worldwide. Many chronic diseases are closely related to smoking. Adolescents in Taiwan are increasingly using tobacco, especially in rural areas. OBJECTIVES: This research project used a mixed-method study to examine the effects of art therapy on smoking cessation in rural Taiwanese youth smokers. METHODS: Participants from years 10-11, were drawn from three senior high schools in Taiwan...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905642/socioeconomic-moderators-of-the-relationship-between-different-quitting-motives-and-smoking-cessation-in-hong-kong-men
#7
Francisco T T Lai, Wikki W K Wong, Joyce L Y Kwan
To facilitate effective tobacco control, it is important to identify the socioeconomic strata in which different quitting motives are more strongly associated with cessation. This study aims to examine such a moderating role of socioeconomic background. A total of 2022 past or current daily smoking men from the Hong Kong Thematic Household Survey 2010 who had attempted for cessation were analyzed. Binary socioeconomic indicators, quitting motives, and 1-year abstinence were entered in an exploratory backward-stepwise log-linear model, followed by a binary logistic regression to estimate the probability of one-year abstinence in each socioeconomic stratum...
September 1, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900627/predictors-of-hypertension-among-nonpregnant-females-attending-health-promotion-clinic-with-special-emphasis-on-smokeless-tobacco-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Devika Bhatt, Shashi Sharma, Ruchika Gupta, Dhirendra N Sinha, Ravi Mehrotra
AIM: To determine the predictors of hypertension among nonpregnant females attending a health promotion clinic. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study was conducted during March to June 2016, at the National Institute of Cancer Prevention and Research, India. METHODS: The study included 319 nonpregnant females of age 20-70 years. Demographics such as age, literacy, and income were noted. History regarding use, frequency, and quantity of smokeless tobacco was taken...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898403/healthcare-financing-systems-for-increasing-the-use-of-tobacco-dependence-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Floor A van den Brand, Gera E Nagelhout, Ayalu A Reda, Bjorn Winkens, Silvia M A A Evers, Daniel Kotz, Onno Cp van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is the leading preventable cause of death worldwide, which makes it essential to stimulate smoking cessation. The financial cost of smoking cessation treatment can act as a barrier to those seeking support. We hypothesised that provision of financial assistance for people trying to quit smoking, or reimbursement of their care providers, could lead to an increased rate of successful quit attempts. This is an update of the original 2005 review. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this review was to assess the impact of reducing the costs for tobacco smokers or healthcare providers for using or providing smoking cessation treatment through healthcare financing interventions on abstinence from smoking...
September 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893814/physician-support-of-smoking-cessation-after-diagnosis-of-lung-bladder-or-upper-aerodigestive-tract-cancer
#10
Amanda Farley, Constantinos Koshiaris, Jason Oke, Ronan Ryan, Lisa Szatkowski, Richard Stevens, Paul Aveyard
PURPOSE: Smoking cessation after a diagnosis of lung, bladder, and upper aerodigestive tract cancer appears to improve survival, and support to quit would improve cessation. The aims of this study were to assess how often general practitioners provide active smoking cessation support for these patients and whether physician behavior is influenced by incentive payments. METHODS: Using electronic primary care records from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink, 12,393 patients with incident cases of cancer diagnosed between 1999 and 2013 were matched 1 to 1 to patients with incident cases of coronary heart disease (CHD) diagnosed during the same time...
September 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893086/older-african-american-homeless-experienced-smokers-attitudes-toward-tobacco-control-policies-results-from-the-hope-home-study
#11
Maya Vijayaraghavan, Pamela Olsen, John Weeks, Karma McKelvey, Claudia Ponath, Margot Kushel
PURPOSE: To examine attitudes toward tobacco control policies among older African American homeless-experienced smokers. APPROACH: A qualitative study. SETTING: Oakland, California. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two African American older homeless-experienced smokers who were part of a longitudinal study on health and health-related outcomes (Health Outcomes of People Experiencing Homelessness in Older Middle Age Study). METHOD: We conducted in-depth, semistructured interviews with each participant to explore beliefs and attitudes toward tobacco use and cessation, barriers to smoking cessation, and attitudes toward current tobacco control strategies including raising cigarette prices, smoke-free policies, and graphic warning labels...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893039/risk-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-patients-with-tobacco-habits-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Amita Aditya, Apoorva Kaluskar, Shretika Pandya, Vineet Vinay, Akshay Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco cessation is a challenging arena for healthcare professionals. Many patients seem to be unable to quit tobacco despite of knowing its ill-effects and several efforts. It has been speculated that patients' psychosocial status may be associated with his/her dependence on tobacco and there could be some amount of psychiatric morbidity associated with chronic and compulsive use of tobacco. However, very few studies have been conducted to explore this aspect of tobacco dependence...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890832/obesity-might-be-a-predictor-of-weight-reduction-after-smoking-cessation
#13
Charlotta Pisinger, Helle Øster Nielsen, Caroline Kuhlmann, Susanne Rosthøj
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Approximately one in five ex-smokers reduces or maintains weight after smoking cessation but little is known about who succeeds to avoid weight gain. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of weight reduction after long-term smoking cessation in a general population. METHODS: Data was obtained from two Danish population-based cohorts (the Inter99 and the Helbred2006 study). Anthropometric measurements were performed by trained research staff...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889345/knowledge-about-the-relation-between-tobacco-and-disease-and-the-attitude-toward-advising-the-cessation-of-its-consumption-among-a-group-of-spanish-dental-students
#14
Alejandro Ismael Lorenzo-Pouso, Mario Pérez-Sayáns, Daniel Pérez-López, Eva María Otero-Rey, Abel García-García, Andrés Blanco-Carrión
Tobacco is one of the leading causes of preventable death in the developed world. Smoking is associated with a large number of oral pathologies, such as cancer and periodontitis. Dental professionals can play a key role in preventing these health problems. The objectives of this study were (1) to analyze tobacco consumption habits among a group of Spanish dental students, and (2) to assess their knowledge, perceptions, and attitudes regarding procedures to help patients quit smoking. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry of Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, Spain)...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887378/smoking-cessation-and-outcome-after-ischemic-stroke-or-tia
#15
Katherine A Epstein, Catherine M Viscoli, J David Spence, Lawrence H Young, Silvio E Inzucchi, Mark Gorman, Brett Gerstenhaber, Peter D Guarino, Anand Dixit, Karen L Furie, Walter N Kernan
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether smoking cessation after an ischemic stroke or TIA improves outcomes compared to continued smoking. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational cohort study of 3,876 nondiabetic men and women enrolled in the Insulin Resistance Intervention After Stroke (IRIS) trial who were randomized to pioglitazone or placebo within 180 days of a qualifying stroke or TIA and followed up for a median of 4.8 years. A tobacco use history was obtained at baseline and updated during annual interviews...
September 8, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886262/effectiveness-of-antibiotic-treatment-in-infertile-patients-with-sterile-leukocytospermia-induced-by-tobacco-use
#16
Bogdan Pajovic, Ljiljana Pajovic, Marko Vukovic
Our study investigated whether antibiotic therapy in infertile tobacco users with sterile leukocytospermia and a history of former sexual transmitted disease (STD) has an advantage over cessation of smoking alone. For this study, 80 male infertile smokers were divided into two subgroups. The first group numbered 40 patients treated with a two week course of doxycycline, 100 mg, twice daily, while the second group simply ceased smoking. A control group of 20 patients with chronic abacterial prostatitis (CPPS III a) were treated with the same antibiotic for two weeks...
September 8, 2017: Systems Biology in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885300/use-of-smoking-cessation-methods-among-patients-receiving-office-based-buprenorphine-maintenance-treatment
#17
Pooja A Shah, Chinazo O Cunningham, Mia T Brisbane, Joseph P DeLuca, Shadi Nahvi
OBJECTIVES: Provision of smoking-cessation treatment is limited in office-based buprenorphine maintenance treatment (BMT) settings. This study describes smoking and smoking-cessation behaviors among patients receiving office-based BMT. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of patients receiving office-based BMT at a community health center in the Bronx, NY. We interviewed patients assessing sociodemographic, and substance use and tobacco use characteristics, including methods used for smoking cessation...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884473/pharmacotherapy-for-smoking-cessation-effects-by-subgroup-defined-by-genetically-informed-biomarkers
#18
REVIEW
Ewoud Schuit, Orestis A Panagiotou, Marcus R Munafò, Derrick A Bennett, Andrew W Bergen, Sean P David
BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation therapies are not effective for all smokers, and researchers are interested in identifying those subgroups of individuals (e.g. based on genotype) who respond best to specific treatments. OBJECTIVES: To assess whether quit rates vary by genetically informed biomarkers within pharmacotherapy treatment arms and as compared with placebo. To assess the effects of pharmacotherapies for smoking cessation in subgroups of smokers defined by genotype for identified genome-wide significant polymorphisms...
September 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879662/setting-research-priorities-in-tobacco-control-a-stakeholder-engagement-project
#19
REVIEW
Nicola Lindson, Dan Richards-Doran, Laura Heath, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group (TAG) conducts systematic reviews of the evidence for tobacco cessation and prevention interventions. In 2016 TAG conducted a priority-setting, stakeholder engagement project to identify where further research is needed in the areas of tobacco control and smoking cessation. DESIGN: The project comprised two surveys and a workshop. A range of stakeholders participated, including members of the public (smokers and ex-smokers), clinicians, researchers, research funders, health-care commissioners and public health organizations...
September 6, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877727/zonnic%C3%A2-a-new-player-in-an-old-field
#20
REVIEW
Min Gong, Michael S Dunbar, Claude Setodji, William G Shadel
The tobacco industry is continually evolving to adapt to increasing tobacco control pressure and regulation, and to cater to consumer preferences. Recently, RJ Reynolds rolled-out a nicotine-containing gum, Zonnic®, which is marketed as a smoking cessation and reduction product and is sold at convenience stores at a lower price and in a smaller quantity than existing brands sold at pharmacies. The introduction of Zonnic® products is a critical first step in tobacco industry's involvement in the NRT market and a serious indication of the evolving tobacco and nicotine-delivery industry and environment...
September 6, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
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