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Tobacco cessation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739609/a-national-quitline-service-and-its-promotion-in-the-mass-media-modelling-the-health-gain-health-equity-and-cost-utility
#1
Nhung Nghiem, Christine L Cleghorn, William Leung, Nisha Nair, Frederieke S van der Deen, Tony Blakely, Nick Wilson
BACKGROUND: Mass media campaigns and quitlines are both important distinct components of tobacco control programmes around the world. But when used as an integrated package, the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness are not well described. We therefore aimed to estimate the health gain, health equity impacts and cost-utility of the package of a national quitline service and its promotion in the mass media. METHODS: We adapted an established Markov and multistate life-table macro-simulation model...
July 24, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739101/examining-the-effects-of-illicit-drug-use-on-tobacco-cessation-outcomes-in-the-helping-hand-2-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Joanna M Streck, Susan Regan, Yuchiao Chang, Jennifer H K Kelley, Daniel E Singer, Nancy A Rigotti
BACKGROUND: Individuals with substance use disorders (SUD) smoke at higher rates and have higher tobacco-related mortality than the general population. Despite having an interest in smoking cessation, smokers with SUDs may have greater difficulty quitting. METHODS: Analysis of data from a RCT testing a post-discharge smoking cessation intervention for hospitalized cigarette smokers interested in quitting. Past 7day tobacco abstinence was self-reported at 1, 3, and 6 months and biochemically confirmed at 6 months post-discharge...
July 8, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735078/revisiting-the-role-of-the-insula-and-smoking-cue-reactivity-in-relapse-a-replication-and-extension-of-neuroimaging-findings
#3
A C Janes, J M Gilman, M Radoman, G Pachas, M Fava, A E Evins
INTRODUCTION: The ability to direct smoking cessation treatment based on neuroscientific findings holds incredible promise. However, there is a strong need for consistency across studies to confirm neurobiological targets. While our prior work implicated enhanced insula reactivity to smoking cues in tobacco smoking relapse vulnerability, this finding has not been confirmed. METHOD: Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we evaluated the pre-cessation brain reactivity to smoking vs...
July 12, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735036/proactive-tobacco-treatment-for-individuals-with-and-without-a-mental-health-diagnosis-secondary-analysis-of-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Sandra J Japuntich, Scott E Sherman, Anne M Joseph, Barbara Clothier, Siamak Noorbaloochi, Elisheva Danan, Diana Burgess, Erin Rogers, Steven S Fu
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with (vs. without) mental illness use tobacco at higher rates and have more difficulty quitting. Treatment models for smokers with mental illness are needed. METHODS: This secondary analysis of the Victory Over Tobacco study [a pragmatic randomized clinical trial (N=5123) conducted in 2009-2011 of Proactive Care (proactive outreach plus connection to smoking cessation services) vs. Usual Care] tests the effectiveness of treatment assignment in participants with and without a mental health diagnosis on population-level, 6month prolonged abstinence at one year follow-up...
July 15, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734126/german-estsmoke-estimating-adult-smoking-related-costs-and-consequences-of-smoking-cessation-for-germany
#5
Diana Sonntag, Simon Gilbody, Winkler Volker, Shehzad Ali
AIMS: We compared predicted lifetime health care costs for current, never and ex-smokers in Germany under the current set of tobacco control polices. We compared these economic consequences of the current situation with an alternative in which Germany were to implement more comprehensive tobacco control policies consistent with the WHO Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC) guidelines. DESIGN: German EstSmoke, an adapted version of the UK EstSmoke simulation model, applies the Markov modelling approach...
July 22, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730665/is-dna-ploidy-related-to-smoking
#6
Celina Faig Lima, Monica Ghislaine Oliveira Alves, Bruna Fernandes do Carmo Carvalho, Thaynara Alves de Lima, Cláudia Malheiros Coutinho-Camillo, Fernando Augusto Soares, Jaqueline Scholz, Janete Dias Almeida
In the oral cavity, genomic instability is caused by long-term exposure to carcinogens. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between smoking and DNA ploidy METHODS: Cytological material was obtained from patients participating in the Outpatient Smoking Treatment Program of the Heart Institute (INCOR-HCFMUSP), and of the Discipline of Oral Medicine (ICT-UNESP). The inclusion criteria for all groups were the absence of a history of malignant tumors, absence of clinical signs of changes in the selected area, and alcohol consumption of less than 3 units per week...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730276/effect-of-patient-reported-smoking-status-on-short-term-bariatric-surgery-outcomes
#7
Michael Inadomi, Rahul Iyengar, Ilana Fischer, Xing Chen, Emily Flagler, Amir A Ghaferi
INTRODUCTION: Preoperative patient screening is a major contributor to the remarkable safety of bariatric surgery. Smoking status is a modifiable patient risk factor, and smoking cessation is associated with improved outcomes in surgical patients. However, the length of smoking cessation necessary to optimize bariatric surgery patient outcomes is not yet defined. We sought to explore the relationship between patient-reported smoking status and short-term bariatric surgery outcomes. METHODS: Using prospectively collected data from the MBSC registry, we evaluated the effects of patient-reported length of tobacco abstinence on 30-day surgical outcomes...
July 20, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728038/predictors-of-smoking-cessation-group-treatment-engagement-among-veterans-with-serious-mental-illness
#8
Letitia E Travaglini, Lan Li, Clayton H Brown, Melanie E Bennett
High prevalence rates of tobacco use, particularly cigarettes, pose a serious health threat for individuals with serious mental illness (SMI), and research has demonstrated the effectiveness of pharmacotherapy and psychosocial interventions to reduce tobacco use in this group. However, few studies have considered predictors of tobacco cessation treatment engagement among individuals with SMI. The current study examined predictors of engagement in smoking cessation groups among veterans with SMI engaged in mental health services at three VA medical centers...
July 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727541/ic04750post-discharge-smoking-cessation-in-subgroups-of-hospitalized-smokers-a-latent-class-analysis
#9
Thomas Ylioja, Gerald Cochran, Yuchiao Chang, Hilary A Tindle, Nancy A Rigotti
CLEAN VERSION ABSTRACT Background: Hospitalization presents a window of opportunity to treat smoking, and hospital-initiated smoking treatment has demonstrated effectiveness. Despite effective interventions, not all smokers will discontinue use, highlighting the need to better understand which patients achieve cessation. Traditional regression methods may not capture the complexity of inpatient smoker subgroups. METHODS: We conducted latent class analysis (LCA) with data from 397 hospitalized adult cigarette smokers enrolled in a randomized trial...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726478/the-association-of-positive-emotion-and-first-smoking-lapse-an-ecological-momentary-assessment-study
#10
Christine Vinci, Liang Li, Cai Wu, Cho Y Lam, Lin Guo, Virmarie Correa-Fernández, Claire A Spears, Diana S Hoover, Paul E Etcheverry, David W Wetter
OBJECTIVE: Individuals attempting to quit smoking typically have poor success rates, and the majority fail to maintain long-term abstinence. Although a large body of evidence documents the impact of negative affect on reducing abstinence, there is a much smaller body of research on positive emotions, which could be an important mechanism that is associated with successful cessation. As such, this study examined positive emotions in real-time via ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to determine whether discrete positive emotions were uniquely related to 2 cessation milestones: quit day lapse and first lapse...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724413/smoking-related-general-and-cause-specific-mortality-in-estonia
#11
Gea Kõks, Krista Fischer, Sulev Kõks
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is known to be the single largest cause of premature death worldwide. The aim of present study was to analyse the effect of smoking on general and cause-specific mortality in the Estonian population. METHODS: The data from 51,756 adults in the Estonian Genome Center of the University of Tartu was used. Information on dates and causes of death was retrieved from the National Causes of Death Registry. Smoking status, general survival, general mortality and cause-specific mortality were analysed using Kaplan-Meier estimator and Cox proportional hazards models...
July 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722570/mycobacterium-tuberculosis-infection-in-close-childhood-contacts-of-adults-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-is-increased-by-secondhand-exposure-to-tobacco
#12
Ifedayo M O Adetifa, Lindsay Kendall, Simon Donkor, Moses D Lugos, Abdulrahman S Hammond, Patrick K Owiafe, Martin O C Ota, Roger H Brookes, Philip C Hill
Tobacco use is a major risk factor for tuberculosis (TB). Secondhand smoke (SHS) is also a risk factor for TB and to a lesser extent, Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection without disease. We investigated the added risk of M. tuberculosis infection due to SHS exposure in childhood contacts of TB cases in The Gambia. Participants were childhood household contacts aged ≤ 14 years of newly diagnosed pulmonary TB (PTB) cases. The intensity of exposure to the case was categorized according to whether contacts slept in the same room, same house, or a different house as the case...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720919/delivering-tobacco-cessation-content-in-the-middle-east-through-interprofessional-learning
#13
Alla El-Awaisi, Ahmed Awaisu, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Bayan Alemrayat, Ghadir Al-Jayyousi, Norman Wong, Mohamud A Verjee
Objective. To explore the attitudes of pharmacy, pharmacy technician, medical, and public health students before and after an IPE activity that focused on smoking cessation in the Middle East. Methods. A pre-post intervention research design using the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS) was used for this study. The tool contained 20 items, categorized under the following subscales: teamwork and collaboration, professional identity, and patient-centeredness. Results. A total of 47 out of 50 students from four different health disciplines in Qatar (medicine, pharmacy, pharmacy technician, and public health) who participated in the activity completed a pre- and post-intervention pre-validated questionnaire (94% response rate)...
June 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720626/family-physicians-perceptions-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-tobacco-use-counseling
#14
Samuel Ofei-Dodoo, Rick Kellerman, Kari Nilsen, Ruth Nutting, Douglas Lewis
BACKGROUND: Recent support has been shown for physicians to recommend e-cigarettes to patients who are trying to quit smoking. Supporters of this recommendation argue that e-cigarettes are not combustible products and are less harmful and more effective cessation products than regular cigarettes, with less inherent risk. Those who oppose this idea argue that little reliable evidence suggests that e-cigarettes are better cigarette cessation devices than currently available nicotine replacement therapies, and that they pose as much risk as cigarettes...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720080/long-term-effectiveness-of-mailed-nicotine-replacement-therapy-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-5-year-follow-up
#15
Vladyslav Kushnir, Peter Selby, Laurie Zawertailo, Rachel F Tyndale, Scott T Leatherdale, John A Cunningham
BACKGROUND: Our group recently completed a randomized controlled trial, evaluating the efficacy of providing 5 weeks of free nicotine replacement therapy (NRT; in the form of the nicotine patch) by expedited postal mail without behavioral assistance to regular adult smokers interested in receiving it. The findings revealed that mailed provision of nicotine patches resulted in more than a doubling of quit rates at a six-month follow-up compared to a no intervention control group. While this trial provided evidence for the effectiveness of mailed nicotine patches in promoting cessation, the findings speak only to the short term effectiveness of this approach...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718828/tobacco-harm-reduction-with-vaporised-nicotine-thrive-the-study-protocol-of-an-uncontrolled-feasibility-study-of-novel-nicotine-replacement-products-among-people-living-with-hiv-who-smoke
#16
Stephanie Bell, Judith Dean, Charles Gilks, Mark A Boyd, Lisa Fitzgerald, Allyson Mutch, Peter Baker, Graham Neilsen, Coral E Gartner
Smoking is a leading cause of morbidity and premature mortality among people living with HIV (PLHIV), who have high rates of tobacco smoking. Vaporised nicotine products (VNPs) are growing in popularity as a quit aid and harm reduction tool. However, little is known about their acceptability and use among PLHIV. Using a pragmatic, uncontrolled, mixed methods design this exploratory clinical trial aims to examine the feasibility of conducting a powered randomised clinical trial of VNPs as a smoking cessation and harm reduction intervention among vulnerable populations, such as PLHIV who smoke tobacco...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716381/smoking-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-japan-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Shamima Akter, Atsushi Goto, Tetsuya Mizoue
Cigarette smoking is the leading avoidable cause of disease burden. Observational studies have suggested an association between smoking and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We conducted a meta-analysis of prospective observational studies to investigate the association of smoking status, smoking intensity, and smoking cessation with the risk of T2DM in Japan, where the prevalence of smoking has been decreasing but remains high. We systematically searched MEDLINE and the Ichushi database to December 2015 and identified 22 eligible articles, representing 343,573 subjects and 16,383 patients with T2DM...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716263/exogenous-acrolein-intensifies-sensory-hypersensitivity-after-spinal-cord-injury-in-rat
#18
Breanne Butler, Glen Acosta, Riyi Shi
Acrolein, an α,β-unsaturated aldehyde associated with oxidative stress, is also a major toxic component of tobacco cigarette smoke, which has been reported in the clinic to coincide with the exacerbation of neuropathic pain after SCI. Previous reports have shown that acrolein involvement in spinal cord injury (SCI) is crucial to the development and persistence of neuropathic pain. Through the activation and upregulation of the transient receptor protein ankyrin-1 (TRPA1) cation channel, acrolein is capable of sensitizing the central nervous system in the acute and chronic stages of SCI...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715776/gender-differences-in-the-real-world-effectiveness-of-smoking-cessation-medications-findings-from-the-2010-2011-tobacco-use-supplement-to-the-current-population-survey
#19
Philip H Smith, Ju Zhang, Andrea H Weinberger, Carolyn M Mazure, Sherry A McKee
BACKGROUND: Meta-analyses of clinical trial data have identified clinically relevant gender differences in the efficacy of smoking cessation pharmacotherapy. It is unclear whether these findings are generalizable to smokers quitting in real-world contexts. METHODS: Using Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS) 2010-2011 cross-sectional data, we generated propensity score matched samples of smokers who quit either unassisted by medication, using only varenicline, or using only transdermal nicotine patch (TNP)...
July 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712123/substance-misuse-intervention-research-in-remote-indigenous-australian-communities-since-the-nhmrc-roadmap
#20
Veronica E Graham, Sandra Campbell, Caryn West, Alan R Clough
OBJECTIVE: Describe program theories of substance misuse interventions with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) Australians funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) since the 'Roadmap' for Indigenous health. METHODS: Projects funded 2003-2013 were categorised by intervention strategies. Realist concepts informed the program theory: intended resources and responses; influence of context on outcomes; explicit and implicit program assumptions...
July 16, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
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