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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528524/a-novel-public-health-approach-to-measuring-tobacco-cessation-needs-among-cancer-survivors-in-alaska
#1
J Michael Underwood, Samantha J Hyde-Rolland, Julia Thorsness, Sherri L Stewart
Cancer survivors who continue to smoke have poorer response to treatment, higher risk for future cancers and lower survival rates than those who quit tobacco after diagnosis. Despite the increased risk for negative health outcomes, tobacco use among Alaskan cancer survivors is 19%, among the highest in the nation. To characterize and address tobacco cessation needs among cancer survivors who called a quit line for help in quitting tobacco, Alaska's Comprehensive Cancer Control program initiated a novel partnership with the state's Tobacco Quit Line...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528227/treatment-non-response-associations-with-smoking-expectancies-among-treatment-seeking-smokers
#2
Lorra Garey, Samar A Taha, Brooke Y Kauffman, Kara F Manning, Clayton Neighbors, Norman B Schmidt, Michael J Zvolensky
Despite the high rate of smoking cessation treatment non-response, relatively little empirical work has examined predictors of treatment non-response. The present study sought to explore the effect of smoking outcome expectancies on treatment response in a sample of treatment-seeking adult daily smokers (N=182; 53.3% female; Mage=40.67; SD=13.63). Results indicated that expectancies for smoking to reduce negative affect were related to an increased likelihood of treatment non-response (OR=0.73, CI: 0.54, 0...
May 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527027/a-systematic-review-of-smartphone-applications-for-smoking-cessation
#3
REVIEW
Brianna L Haskins, Donna Lesperance, Patric Gibbons, Edwin D Boudreaux
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the USA. However, limited data exists regarding smoking cessation mobile app quality and intervention effectiveness. Innovative and scalable interventions are needed to further alleviate the public health implications of tobacco addiction. The proliferation of the smartphone and the advent of mobile phone health interventions have made treatment more accessible than ever. The purpose of this review was to examine the relation between published scientific literature and available commercial smartphone health apps for smoking cessation to identify the percentage of scientifically supported apps that were commercially available to consumers and to determine how many of the top commercially available apps for smoking cessation were supported by the published scientific literature...
May 19, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525833/prevalence-correlates-and-trends-in-tobacco-use-and-cessation-among-current-former-and-never-adult-marijuana-users-with-a-history-of-tobacco-use-2005-2014
#4
Gillian L Schauer, Brian A King, Timothy A McAfee
BACKGROUND: Approximately 70% of current (past 30-day) adult marijuana users are current tobacco users, which may complicate tobacco cessation. We assessed prevalence and trends in tobacco cessation among adult ever tobacco users, by marijuana use status. METHODS: Data came from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, a cross-sectional, nationally representative, household survey of U.S. civilians. Analyses included current, former, and never marijuana users aged≥18 reporting ever tobacco use (cigarette, cigar, chew/snuff)...
April 29, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525609/e-cigarettes-and-weight-loss-product-design-innovation-insights-from-industry-patents
#5
Harkirat Singh, Ryan David Kennedy, Lisa Lagasse, Lauren M Czaplicki, Joanna E Cohen
Objective: There is emerging evidence that e-cigarettes are being used by some to mitigate weight gain after quitting smoking, and being used to help control weight. This study sought to identify and describe patents related to innovations for e-cigarette devices associated and weight loss. Methods: Relevant patents were identified using Google Patents with the core search terms: "electronic cigarette" OR "e-cigarette" OR "vaporizer" OR "vapourizer" AND "nicotine" AND "weight loss" OR "weight control" OR "obesity" OR "hunger"...
May 19, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522559/pulmonary-toxicity-of-e-cigarettes
#6
Lauren F Chun, Farzad Moazed, Carolyn S Calfee, Michael A Matthay, Jeffrey Earl Gotts
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes or e-cigs) are designed to heat and aerosolize mixtures of vegetable glycerin, propylene glycol, nicotine and flavoring additives, thus delivering nicotine by inhalation in the absence of combustion. These devices were originally developed to facilitate smoking cessation and have been available in the United States for over a decade. Since 2010, e-cig use has expanded rapidly, especially among adolescents, despite a paucity of short and long-term safety data. Patterns of use have shifted to include never-smokers and many dual users of e-cigs and combustible tobacco products...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521782/combining-alcohol-interventions-with-tobacco-addictions-treatment-in-primary-care-the-combat-study-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#7
Nadia Minian, Dolly Baliunas, Laurie Zawertailo, Aliya Noormohamed, Norman Giesbrecht, Christian S Hendershot, Bernard Le Foll, Jürgen Rehm, Andriy Samokhvalov, Peter L Selby
BACKGROUND: Tobacco and alcohol use present multiplicative risk for aerodigestive cancers. Reducing alcohol consumption improves smoking cessation outcomes and reduces cancer risk. Risky alcohol consumption and smoking are often treated separately despite concurrent treatment potentially leading to better outcomes for each. However, no rapidly scalable program exists for combined interventions in primary care clinics spread across wide geographic areas. This cluster randomized trial aims to report on the effects of a novel clinical decision support system (CDSS) on intervention rates by primary care practitioners addressing risky alcohol use in a smoking cessation program...
May 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521241/cognitive-avoidance-and-aversive-cues-related-to-tobacco-in-male-smokers
#8
Ji Sun Hong, Sun Mi Kim, Hye Yeon Jung, Kyoung Doo Kang, Kyung Joon Min, Doug Hyun Han
BACKGROUND: Treatment using aversive conditioning has been suggested for smoking cessation. The efficacy of this method is thought to be associated with cognitive avoidance. We compare differences in avoidance traits and patterns of associated brain activation in response to cues that induce cravings versus aversion between smokers and non-smokers. METHODS: Fifteen smokers and fifteen non-smokers completed cue reactivity tasks while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to examine brain responses to craving-inducing cues (Cr) and aversion-inducing cues (Av)...
May 11, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516127/a-pilot-study-for-linking-adolescent-patients-to-an-interactive-tobacco-prevention-program
#9
Karen S Calabro, Salma K Marani, Thuan A Le, Georges E Khalil, Irene M Tami-Maury, Alexander V Prokhorov
CONTEXT: The American Academy of Pediatrics and professional guidelines recommend intervening with adolescents about avoiding tobacco use in the health-care setting. Barriers in the clinical setting limit consistent provision of this critical service. OBJECTIVES: This pilot study compared 2 approaches for referring adolescents to an evidence-based tobacco prevention and cessation program in the outpatient setting. Secondary aims assessed tobacco use, knowledge, and program evaluation...
January 2017: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515262/smoking-cessation-in-patients-with-cancer-treatment-advances-and-the-oncologist-s-role
#10
Paul Cinciripini
The harms of smoking cigarettes are well-known, and the benefits of smoking cessation are well-established. Smoking cessation is especially important for patients with cancer, because smoking compromises the effects of cancer treatment and shortens survival. Interventions to achieve tobacco abstinence include pharmacotherapy and counseling, and these often must be repeated. Patients should be encouraged at every juncture to continue attempts to stop smoking.
May 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513453/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
REVIEW
Klaus F Rabe, Henrik Watz
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) kills more than 3 million people worldwide every year. Despite progress in the treatment of symptoms and prevention of acute exacerbations, few advances have been made to ameliorate disease progression or affect mortality. A better understanding of the complex disease mechanisms resulting in COPD is needed. Smoking cessation programmes, increasing physical activity, and early detection and treatment of comorbidities are further key components to reduce the burden of the disease...
May 13, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511033/comparing-adult-cannabis-treatment-seekers-enrolled-in-a-clinical-trial-with-national-samples-of-cannabis-users-in-the-united-states
#12
Erin A McClure, Jacqueline S King, Aimee Wahle, Abigail G Matthews, Susan C Sonne, Michelle R Lofwall, Aimee L McRae-Clark, Udi E Ghitza, Melissa Martinez, Kasie Cloud, Harvir S Virk, Kevin M Gray
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use rates are increasing among adults in the United States (US) while the perception of harm is declining. This may result in an increased prevalence of cannabis use disorder and the need for more clinical trials to evaluate efficacious treatment strategies. Clinical trials are the gold standard for evaluating treatment, yet study samples are rarely representative of the target population. This finding has not yet been established for cannabis treatment trials. This study compared demographic and cannabis use characteristics of a cannabis cessation clinical trial sample (run through National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network) with three nationally representative datasets from the US; 1) National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2) National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III, and 3) Treatment: Episodes Data Set - Admissions...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507915/smoking-in-renal-transplantation-facts-beyond-myth
#13
REVIEW
Ahmed Aref, Ajay Sharma, Ahmed Halawa
Smoking is one of the preventable leading causes of death worldwide. Most of the studies focused on the association between smoking and cardiovascular disease, pulmonary diseases, malignancy and death. However, the direct effect of smoking on the renal system was undermind. There are emerging evidence correlating tobacco use with pathological changes in the normal kidneys. The effect is more obvious on the renal allograft most probably due to the chronic immune suppression status and the metabolic effect of the drugs...
April 24, 2017: World Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507522/nicotine-acutely-enhances-reinforcement-from-non-drug-rewards-in-humans
#14
REVIEW
Kenneth A Perkins, Joshua L Karelitz, Margaret C Boldry
Preclinical research documents that, aside from the primary and secondary reinforcing effects of nicotine intake itself, nicotine also acutely enhances the reinforcing efficacy of non-drug reinforcers ("rewards"). Study of these effects in humans has largely been overlooked, but very recent findings suggest they may have clinical implications for more fully understanding the persistence of tobacco dependence. This overview first outlines the topic and notes some recent human studies indirectly addressing nicotine effects on related responses (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507465/distribution-of-polymorphic-variants-of-cyp2a6-and-their-involvement-in-nicotine-addiction
#15
REVIEW
Luis A López-Flores, Gloria Pérez-Rubio, Ramcés Falfán-Valencia
Tobacco consumption has become a major public health issue, which has motivated studies to identify and understand the biological processes involved in the smoking behavior for prevention and smoking cessation treatments. CYP2A6 has been identified as the main gene that codifies the enzyme that metabolizes nicotine. Many alleles have been identified after the discovery of CYP2A6, suggesting a wide interethnic variability and a diverse smoking behavior of the allele carrying individuals. The main purpose of this review is to update and highlight the effects of the CYP2A6 gene variability related to tobacco consumption reported from diverse human populations...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504975/ce-original-research-the-experiences-of-pregnant-smokers-and-their-providers
#16
Geraldine Rose Britton, Rosemary Collier, Sean McKitrick, Lori Marie Sprague, Joyce Rhodes-Keefe, Ann Feeney, Gary D James
Study findings suggest ways to better address tobacco use. ABSTRACT: Background: The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services' initiative Healthy People 2020 targets tobacco use, including smoking during pregnancy, as a continuing major health concern in this country. Yet bringing the U.S. Public Health Service's 2008 clinical practice guideline, Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence, into routine prenatal care remains challenging. Our previous nurse-managed intervention study of rural pregnant women found no significant cessation effect and significant discordance between selfreported smoker status and urinary cotinine levels...
May 11, 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504457/electronic-cigarettes-quit-attempts-and-smoking-cessation-a-6-month-follow-up
#17
Anne Pasquereau, Romain Guignard, Raphaël Andler, Viêt Nguyen-Thanh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is conflicting evidence that use of e-cigarettes promotes cessation in regular smokers, but contrasting findings may be due to differing definitions of vaping. The aim was to assess whether regular use of e-cigarettes while smoking is associated with subsequent smoking cessation. DESIGN: Baseline internet survey with outcomes measured at 6-month follow-up. SETTING: All French metropolitan territory. PARTICIPANTS: 2057 smokers aged 15 to 85 years were recruited through an access panel and responded to a 6-month follow-up: 1805 exclusive tobacco smokers and 252 dual users (tobacco plus regular e-cigarette users) at baseline...
May 14, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498934/leveraging-genomic-data-in-smoking-cessation-trials-in-the-era-of-precision-medicine-why-and-how
#18
Li-Shiun Chen, Laurie Zawertailo, Thomas M Piasecki, Jaakko Kaprio, Marilyn Foreman, Hannah R Elliott, Sean P David, Andrew W Bergen, James W Baurley, Rachel F Tyndale, Timothy B Baker, Laura J Bierut, Nancy L Saccone
This paper outlines a framework for the consistent integration of biological data/samples into smoking cessation pharmacotherapy trials, aligned with the objectives of the recently unveiled Precision Medicine Initiative. Our goal is to encourage and provide support for treatment researchers to consider biosample collection and genotyping their existing samples, as well as integrating genetic analyses into their study design in order to realize precision medicine in treatment of nicotine dependence.
May 12, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497703/association-between-media-doses-of-the-tips-from-former-smokers-campaign-and-cessation-behaviors-and-intentions-to-quit-among-cigarette-smokers-2012-2015
#19
Kevin C Davis, Deesha Patel, Paul Shafer, Jennifer Duke, Rebecca Glover-Kudon, William Ridgeway, Shanna Cox
BACKGROUND: Since 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has implemented Tips From Former Smokers ( Tips), the first federally funded tobacco education campaign in the United States. To date, there are no evaluations of its long-term impact. AIMS: To assess the impact of varied doses of the Tips campaign from 2012 through 2015 on cessation-related behaviors and intentions among U.S. smokers. METHOD: We used a national probability-based online survey of cigarette smokers ( n = 22,189) and recent quitters ( n = 776) to examine associations between doses of Tips advertising, measured by gross rating points (GRPs), and intentions to quit smoking in the next 30 days and quit attempts within the past 3 months...
May 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495263/tobacco-use-among-people-living-with-hiv-analysis-of-data-from-demographic-and-health-surveys-from-28-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#20
Noreen D Mdege, Sarwat Shah, Olalekan A Ayo-Yusuf, James Hakim, Kamran Siddiqi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use among people living with HIV results in excess morbidity and mortality. However, very little is known about the extent of tobacco use among people living with HIV in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). We assessed the prevalence of tobacco use among people living with HIV in LMICs. METHODS: We used Demographic and Health Survey data collected between 2003 and 2014 from 28 LMICs where both tobacco use and HIV test data were made publicly available...
June 2017: Lancet Global Health
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