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Tobacco cessation

Mariel S Bello, Raina D Pang, Gregory S Chasson, Lara A Ray, Adam M Leventhal
The association between obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptomatology and smoking is poorly understood, particularly in African Americans-a group subject to smoking- and OC-related health disparities. In a non-clinical sample of 253 African American smokers, we tested the negative reinforcement model of OC-smoking comorbidity, purporting that smokers with higher OC symptoms experience greater negative affect (NA) and urge to smoke for NA suppression upon acute tobacco abstinence. Following a baseline visit involving OC assessment, participants completed two counterbalanced experimental visits (non-abstinent vs...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Yuyan Shi, John P Pierce, Martha White, Maya Vijayaraghavan, Wilson Compton, Kevin Conway, Anne M Hartman, Karen Messer
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are heavily marketed and widely perceived as helpful for quitting or reducing smoking intensity. We test whether ever-use of e-cigarettes among early adopters was associated with: 1) increased cigarette smoking cessation; and 2) reduced cigarette consumption. METHODS: A representative cohort of U.S. smokers (N = 2454) from the 2010 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS) was re-interviewed 1 year later...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
Jasmine A Mena, Gifty G Ampadu, James O Prochaska
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death. Most smokers are not motivated to quit; however, most smoking cessation interventions are designed for smokers who are ready to take action. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to describe participant engagement and satisfaction with telephonic smoking cessation coaching with a population of smokers at different stages of readiness to quit. METHODS: Qualitative description was used to capture the experiences of 62 individuals who participated in telephonic smoking cessation coaching using semistructured interviews...
October 21, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
Humberto Parada, Patrick T Bradshaw, Lawrence S Engel, Kathleen Conway, Susan E Steck, Susan L Teitelbaum, Alfred I Neugut, Regina M Santella, Marilie D Gammon
BACKGROUND: Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure is hypothesized to influence survival after breast cancer, but few studies have examined this association. METHODS: A population-based cohort of women (N=1,508) diagnosed with first primary invasive or in situ breast cancer in 1996-1997 was interviewed shortly after diagnosis and again approximately 5 years later to assess ETS exposure, and women were followed for over 18 years using the National Death Index; 597 deaths (237 associated with breast cancer) were identified...
October 7, 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Kristin M Berg, Stevens S Smith, Jessica W Cook, Michael C Fiore, Douglas E Jorenby
While women Veterans have a higher prevalence of smoking than civilian women, little is known about their quitting behavior. Via a chart review, we characterized referral and enrollment patterns in tobacco cessation services (TCS), and quit attempts among 366 women Veteran smokers at a Midwestern Veterans Hospital. Cases receiving referrals to TCS (n = 183) were matched 1:1 to controls who did not (n = 183), by year of referral. Variables included age, marital status, urbanicity, smoking status, comorbidities, pregnancy, packs per day, number of prior smoking cessation medications, provider gender, provider type, and clinical location of referral placement...
October 2016: Military Medicine
Michael S Businelle, Ping Ma, Darla E Kendzor, Summer G Frank, David W Wetter, Damon J Vidrine
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone‒based real-time ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) have been used to record health risk behaviors, and antecedents to those behaviors, as they occur in near real time. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if intensive longitudinal data, collected via mobile phone, could be used to identify imminent risk for smoking lapse among socioeconomically disadvantaged smokers seeking smoking cessation treatment. METHODS: Participants were recruited into a randomized controlled smoking cessation trial at an urban safety-net hospital tobacco cessation clinic...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Virginia Almadana Pacheco, Ana Paulina Gómez-Bastero Fernández, Agustín Valido Morales, Estefanía Luque Crespo, Soledad Monserrat, Teodoro Montemayor Rubio
: There is evidence of the relationship between mental illness and smoking and increased risk of depressive episodes after quitting smoking, even with specific treatments for abstinence. OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of a cessation program on the emotional state of patients by measuring levels of anxiety / depression and differences depending on the presence of psychiatric history. METHOD: A prospective observational study of patients taking part in a combined program (pharmacological and cognitive-behavioral) for giving up smoking...
October 7, 2016: Adicciones
Amy Po Yu Tsai, Jimmy Po-Nien Tsai, Lauren Stewart, Jeffrey Brubacher, Ka Wai Cheung
OBJECTIVES: Patients who are tobacco users present to the emergency department (ED) with many medical conditions that are causally or potentially causally related to smoking. Previous studies have shown increased cessation rates for patients who accurately perceive that their ED visit is smoking-related. Our study goals were 1) to determine the prevalence of potential smoking-related conditions among tobacco users at a tertiary care academic ED, and 2) to determine which medical conditions are more or less likely to be perceived by patients as smoking-related...
October 17, 2016: CJEM
Amy Howerter, Lysbeth Floden, Eva Matthews, Myra L Muramoto
PURPOSE: Tobacco cessation remains a public health priority. Unassisted quits are most common despite evidence for a combination of guideline-recommended strategies. This paper reports findings from a pilot study designed to assess past quit strategies and tobacco users' receptiveness to using an integrative clinic that offers both conventional and alternative treatments for future cessation attempts. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a pool of individuals reporting for jury duty...
April 2016: Adv Integr Med
Pranil Man Singh Pradhan, Kedar Marahatta
Background. Adolescents frequently attempt smoking cessation but are unable to maintain long term abstinence because they are dependent on nicotine and experience withdrawal symptoms. Objectives. This study aimed to explore the quitting attempts among adolescent smokers in Dharan Municipality of Eastern Nepal. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted using pretested self-administered questionnaire adapted from Global Youth Tobacco Survey to assess current smokers and quitting attempts among 1312 adolescent students in middle (14-15 years) and late adolescence (16-19 years)...
2016: Journal of Addiction
Neal D Freedman
In this issue of the Journal, Wyss et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 2016;000(00):000-000) describe the association between use of smokeless tobacco and head and neck cancer in 11 US case-control studies. Despite use by an estimated 300 million people worldwide and prior evidence for a causal association with cancer, these products remain understudied. Data are particularly needed for persons who do not use cigarettes or other smoking tobacco products. With 6,772 cancer cases and 8,375 controls, the current study is larger than previous efforts, allowing evaluation of associations among never cigarette smokers...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
Amanda Bye, Jill Shawe, Judith Stephenson, Debra Bick, Nataliya Brima, Nadia Micali
OBJECTIVE: Being underweight at pregnancy commencement is associated with a range of adverse maternal and infant outcomes, as is being overweight or obese, yet it is an aspect of maternal health which has been relatively neglected by healthcare professionals and researchers. We aimed to investigate differences in pre-pregnancy and pregnancy healthy lifestyle advice routinely offered by relevant healthcare professionals, including midwives and GPs, to women across three different BMI categories - underweight, normal, and overweight or obese...
September 23, 2016: Midwifery
Nicola Lindson-Hawley, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce, Thomas R Fanshawe, Rachna Begh, Amanda Farley, Tim Lancaster
BACKGROUND: Although smoking cessation is currently the only guaranteed way to reduce the harm caused by tobacco smoking, a reasonable secondary tobacco control approach may be to try and reduce the harm from continued tobacco use amongst smokers unable or unwilling to quit. Possible approaches to reduce the exposure to toxins from smoking include reducing the amount of tobacco used, and using less toxic products, such as pharmaceutical, nicotine and potential reduced-exposure tobacco products (PREPs), as an alternative to cigarettes...
October 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Emily Stone, Anil Vachani
The lung cancer epidemic of the twentieth century grew out of increasing tobacco consumption in the first half of that century. Tobacco control policies have been instituted in many high-income countries since the mid-1960s. Since then smoking rates have declined in these countries, particularly in men where lung cancer rates have stabilized. Tobacco control measures are not strong enough in many countries around the world, particularly low and middle income countries in Eastern Europe and Asia. In these countries, smoking rates and lung cancer rates remain high...
October 2016: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
M Victoria Salgado, Raúl M Mejía, Celia P Kaplan, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable
BACKGROUND: Physicians in Argentina smoke at rates similar to the general population, and do not have a clear role in tobacco control strategies. OBJECTIVE: To describe the attitudes and knowledge of medical students and recent graduates towards smoking behavior in Argentina. DESIGN: Cross-sectional self-administered online survey conducted in 2011. PARTICIPANTS: Medical students and recent medical graduates from the University of Buenos Aires...
October 11, 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Alexandra Pánková, Eva Králíková, Lenka Štěpánková, Kamila Zvolska, Zbyněk Bortlíček, Milan Bláha, Matthew M Clark, Darrell R Schroeder, Ivana T Croghan
BACKGROUND: Weight concerns are prevalent in smokers and may reduce the success rate of quitting. This concept has been primarily studied on USA populations and it is unknown how weight concerns may differ cross-culturally. This study examined the role of weight concern in European smokers wishing to stop smoking. METHODS: A sample of 593 smokers (299 men and 294 women, mean age 38 years) utilizing the Centre for Tobacco-Dependent in Prague, Czech Republic, between 2010 and 2013 were studied...
October 11, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Vani Nath Simmons, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Paul T Harrell, Lauren R Meltzer, John B Correa, Marina Unrod, Thomas H Brandon
BACKGROUND: There has been an exponential increase in the prevalence of e-cigarette use, particularly among youth. However, adult use is also rising, and there have been relatively few qualitative studies with adult users to understand their reasons for use and future use intentions. Such information is needed to inform both prevention and cessation approaches. METHOD: Thirty-one e-cigarette users participated in one of several focus groups assessing the appeal of e-cigarettes as well as comparisons to combustible cigarettes and approved smoking cessation aids...
2016: Addiction Research & Theory
Chung S Yang, Xiaoxin Chen, Shuiping Tu
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer (EC) occurs commonly, especially in Asia, and is the sixth leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Recently, great progress has been made in research on the etiology and prevention of EC. SUMMARY: The major risk factors for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking, which act synergistically. Dietary parameters, including dietary carcinogens and insufficiency of micronutrients, could also be important risk factors in certain areas...
September 2016: Gastrointestinal Tumors
Pieter S Hiemstra, Robert Bals
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes, ECIGs) were introduced into the market a decade ago as an alternative to tobacco smoking. Whether ECIGs are safe and whether they qualify as smoking cessation tool is currently unknown. Their use has markedly expanded in that period, despite the fact that potential toxic effects of the vapour created by the e-cigarette and the nicotine-containing cartridge fluid have been incompletely studied. Marketing targets diverse groups including older smokers but also young people...
October 7, 2016: Respiratory Research
F A van den Brand, G E Nagelhout, B Winkens, S M A A Evers, D Kotz, N H Chavannes, C P van Schayck
BACKGROUND: Stimulating successful tobacco cessation among employees has multiple benefits. Employees who quit tobacco are healthier, more productive, less absent from work, and longer employable than employees who continue to use tobacco. Despite the evidence for these benefits of tobacco cessation, a successful method to stimulate employees to quit tobacco is lacking. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether adding a financial incentive to behavioral support (compared with no additional incentive) is effective and cost-effective in increasing abstinence rates in tobacco smoking employees participating in a smoking cessation group training...
October 6, 2016: BMC Public Health
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