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Tobacco cessation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220577/real-world-evaluation-of-the-smoking-cessation-services-in-the-rio-de-janeiro-municipality-brazil
#1
Letícia Casado, Luiz Claudio Santos Thuler
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, there has been a growing recommendation for process evaluation of the smoking cessation programmes in the world. This study sought to evaluate smoking cessation services, with special attention to the degree to which public health care facilities adhere to governmental standards of practice. METHODS: A cross-sectional study examined smoking cessation services by using a key-informant approach. All the services that delivered smoking cessation treatment in 2013 at the National Health System of the Rio de Janeiro municipality, Brazil, were included in the study...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218695/electronic-cigarette-use-and-smoking-abstinence-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-study-of-quitting-methods
#2
Tomoyasu Hirano, Takahiro Tabuchi, Rika Nakahara, Naoki Kunugita, Yumiko Mochizuki-Kobayashi
The benefit of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in smoking cessation remains controversial. Recently, e-cigarettes have been gaining popularity in Japan, without evidence of efficacy on quitting cigarettes. We conducted an online survey to collect information on tobacco use, difficulties in smoking cessation, socio-demographic factors, and health-related factors in Japan. Among the total participants (n = 9055), 798 eligible persons aged 20-69 years who smoked within the previous five years were analyzed to assess the relationship between the outcome of smoking cessation and quitting methods used, including e-cigarettes, smoking cessation therapy, and unassisted...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216065/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-telephone-based-smoking-cessation-intervention-in-the-lung-cancer-screening-setting-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Kathryn L Taylor, Charlotte J Hagerman, George Luta, Paula G Bellini, Cassandra Stanton, David B Abrams, Jenna A Kramer, Eric Anderson, Shawn Regis, Andrea McKee, Brady McKee, Ray Niaura, Harry Harper, Michael Ramsaier
: Incorporating effective smoking cessation interventions into lung cancer screening (LCS) programs will be essential to realizing the full benefit of screening. We conducted a pilot randomized trial to determine the feasibility and efficacy of a telephone-counseling (TC) smoking cessation intervention vs. usual care (UC) in the LCS setting. In collaboration with 3 geographically diverse LCS programs, we enrolled current smokers (61.5% participation rate) who were: registered to undergo LCS, 50-77 years old, and had a 20+ pack-year smoking history...
February 14, 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215231/use-of-varenicline-in-smokeless-tobacco-cessation-influences-sleep-quality-and-dream-recall-frequency-but-not-dream-affect
#4
Francesca Polini, Rosastella Principe, Serena Scarpelli, Francesca Clementi, Luigi De Gennaro
OBJECTIVE: Varenicline (VCL) treatment has become popular as a part of smoking-cessation therapies, even though its possible implications in neuropsychiatric adverse events include abnormal sleep and nightmares. Our study is the first aimed at prospectively investigating changes in sleep and dream measures across such treatment by using a one week sleep diary and collecting dream recall (DR). METHODS: Thirty-eight smokers participated in two different effective smoking-cessation programs: 25 subjects received VCL, 13 subjects received nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211056/targeted-mass-media-interventions-promoting-healthy-behaviours-to-reduce-risk-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-adult-ethnic-minorities
#5
REVIEW
Annhild Mosdøl, Ingeborg B Lidal, Gyri H Straumann, Gunn E Vist
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco exposure, and limited alcohol consumption may reduce morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mass media interventions are commonly used to encourage healthier behaviours in population groups. It is unclear whether targeted mass media interventions for ethnic minority groups are more or less effective in changing behaviours than those developed for the general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of mass media interventions targeting adult ethnic minorities with messages about physical activity, dietary patterns, tobacco use or alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of NCDs...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209289/depression-among-current-former-and-never-smokers-from-2005-to-2013-the-hidden-role-of-disparities-in-depression-in-the-ongoing-tobacco-epidemic
#6
Renee D Goodwin, Melanie M Wall, Lorra Garey, Michael J Zvolensky, Lisa Dierker, Sandro Galea, Misato Gbedemah, Andrea H Weinberger, Jill M Williams, Mei-Chen Hu, Deborah S Hasin
BACKGROUND: After declining sharply for many years, the prevalence of smoking has remained fairly stable over the past decade. One possible explanation is that there has been an increase in the prevalence of barriers to cessation, like depression, among remaining smokers. OBJECTIVES: To estimate changes in the prevalence of depression among current, former and never smokers in the United States (U.S.) population from 2005 to 2013 overall and by age, gender, and income...
January 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207744/utilization-of-smoking-cessation-medication-benefits-among-medicaid-fee-for-service-enrollees-1999-2008
#7
Jennifer Kahende, Ann Malarcher, Lucinda England, Lei Zhang, Paul Mowery, Xin Xu, Varadan Sevilimedu, Italia Rolle
OBJECTIVE: To assess state coverage and utilization of Medicaid smoking cessation medication benefits among fee-for-service enrollees who smoked cigarettes. METHODS: We used the linked National Health Interview Survey (survey years 1995, 1997-2005) and the Medicaid Analytic eXtract files (1999-2008) to assess utilization of smoking cessation medication benefits among 5,982 cigarette smokers aged 18-64 years enrolled in Medicaid fee-for-service whose state Medicaid insurance covered at least one cessation medication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196405/psychosocial-interventions-for-supporting-women-to-stop-smoking-in-pregnancy
#8
REVIEW
Catherine Chamberlain, Alison O'Mara-Eves, Jessie Porter, Tim Coleman, Susan M Perlen, James Thomas, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking remains one of the few preventable factors associated with complications in pregnancy, and has serious long-term implications for women and babies. Smoking in pregnancy is decreasing in high-income countries, but is strongly associated with poverty and is increasing in low- to middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy on smoking behaviour and perinatal health outcomes...
February 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195010/efficacy-of-a-universal-smoking-cessation-intervention-initiated-in-inpatient-psychiatry-and-continued-post-discharge-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Alexandra P Metse, John Wiggers, Paula Wye, Luke Wolfenden, Megan Freund, Richard Clancy, Emily Stockings, Margarett Terry, John Allan, Kim Colyvas, Judith J Prochaska, Jenny A Bowman
OBJECTIVE: Interventions are required to redress the disproportionate tobacco-related health burden experienced by persons with a mental illness. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a universal smoking cessation intervention initiated within an acute psychiatric inpatient setting and continued post-discharge in reducing smoking prevalence and increasing quitting behaviours. METHOD: A randomised controlled trial was undertaken across four psychiatric inpatient facilities in Australia...
February 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194729/design-and-implementation-of-decision-support-for-tobacco-dependence-treatment-in-an-inpatient-electronic-medical-record-a-randomized-trial
#10
Steven L Bernstein, June Rosner, Michelle DeWitt, Jeanette Tetrault, Allen L Hsiao, James Dziura, Scott Sussman, Patrick O'Connor, Benjamin Toll
: Tobacco dependence treatment for hospitalized smokers results in long-term cessation if treatment continues at least 30 days post-discharge. Health information technology may facilitate ongoing tobacco dependence treatment after hospital discharge. To describe the use and impact of a new decision support tool and order set for inpatient physicians, addressing tobacco dependence treatment for hospitalized smokers, embedded in an electronic health record (EHR). In a cluster-randomized trial, 254 physicians were randomized (1:1) to either receive or not receive the decision support tool and order set, which were embedded in the Epic (Madison, WI) EHR used at 2 hospitals in a single city...
February 13, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192676/crossing-boundaries
#11
Leighton Ku, Erika Steinmetz, Tyler Bysshe, Brian K Bruen
OBJECTIVES: Previous state interagency collaborations have led to successful tobacco cessation initiatives. The objective of this study was to assess the roles and interaction of state Medicaid and public health agency efforts to support tobacco cessation for low-income Medicaid beneficiaries. METHODS: We interviewed Medicaid and state public health agency officials in 8 states in September and October 2015 about collaborations in policy development and implementation for Medicaid tobacco cessation, including Medicaid coverage policies, quitlines, and monitoring...
January 1, 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192615/the-impact-of-tv-mass-media-campaigns-on-calls-to-a-national-quitline-and-the-use-of-prescribed-nicotine-replacement-therapy-a-structural-vector-autoregression-analysis
#12
Houra Haghpanahan, Daniel F Mackay, Jill P Pell, David Bell, Tessa Langley, Sally Haw
AIMS: To estimate 1) the immediate impact; 2) the cumulative impact; and 3) the duration of impact of Scottish tobacco control TV mass media campaigns (MMCs) on smoking cessation activity, as measured by calls to Smokeline and the volume of prescribed nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). DESIGN: Multivariate time series analysis using secondary data on population level measures of exposure to TV MMCs broadcast and smoking cessation activity between 2003 and 2012...
February 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192582/use-of-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-among-adolescents-status-of-the-evidence-and-public-health-recommendations
#13
Aarti D Kamat, Alison L Van Dyke
Although the prevalence of tobacco smoking has been declining in recent years, the use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) such as of electronic cigarettes, vaporizers, and hookahs has been steadily rising, especially among adolescents. ENDS are not only advertised to children, but their sale via the Internet has made them easily accessible to youth. In general, children perceive ENDS as safe, or at least safer than smoking traditional combustible tobacco products; however, exposure to nicotine may have deleterious effects on the developing brain...
February 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190690/changes-in-veteran-tobacco-use-identified-in-electronic-medical-records
#14
Paul G Barnett, Adam Chow, Nicole E Flores, Scott E Sherman, Sonia A Duffy
INTRODUCTION: Electronic medical records represent a new source of longitudinal data on tobacco use. METHODS: Electronic medical records of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs were extracted to find patients' tobacco use status in 2009 and at another assessment 12-24 months later. Records from the year prior to the first assessment were used to determine patient demographics and comorbidities. These data were analyzed in 2015. RESULTS: An annual quit rate of 12...
February 9, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190003/telephone-care-co-ordination-for-tobacco-cessation-randomised-trials-testing-proactive-versus-reactive-models
#15
Scott E Sherman, Paul Krebs, Laura S York, Sharon E Cummins, Ware Kuschner, Sebnem Guvenc-Tuncturk, Shu-Hong Zhu
OBJECTIVES: We conducted two parallel studies evaluating the effectiveness of proactive and reactive engagement approaches to telephone treatment for smoking cessation. METHODS: Patients who smoked and were interested in quitting were referred to this study and were eligible if they were current smokers and had an address and a telephone number. The data were collected at 35 Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) sites, part of four VA medical centres in both California and Nevada...
February 11, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189437/practical-guidelines-on-e-cigarettes-for-practitioners-and-others-health-professionals-a-french-2016-expert-s-statement
#16
B Dautzenberg, M Adler, D Garelik, J F Loubrieu, G Mathern, G Peiffer, J Perriot, R M Rouquet, A Schmitt, M Underner, T Urban
A group of 11 French medical experts has developed guidelines through a Delphi progressive consensus about smoking management at the e-cigarette era. The lack of scientific data about e-cigarettes led the experts to set out recommendations, mainly based on clinical practice while waiting for scientific validations. The validated smoking cessation treatments keep the first place in the prevention and the treatment of tobacco-induced damages. The e-cigarette, experimented by a large proportion of smokers, is a safer product than tobacco...
February 9, 2017: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185897/effect-of-tobacco-and-electronic-cigarette-use-on-cough-reflex-sensitivity
#17
REVIEW
Peter V Dicpinigaitis
Multiple previous studies have shown that otherwise healthy tobacco cigarette smokers have suppressed cough reflex sensitivity compared with nonsmokers and furthermore, that smoking cessation, even after years of tobacco use, leads to prompt enhancement of cough reflex sensitivity. Thus, cough reflex sensitivity is demonstrated to be a dynamic phenomenon, responding to the presence or absence of influences such as tobacco smoke. These studies, however, were unable to identify whether it was the influence of nicotine, or one or more of the numerous components of tobacco cigarette smoke, that were responsible for this effect...
February 6, 2017: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185257/system-change-interventions-for-smoking-cessation
#18
REVIEW
Dennis Thomas, Michael J Abramson, Billie Bonevski, Johnson George
BACKGROUND: System change interventions for smoking cessation are policies and practices designed by organizations to integrate the identification of smokers and the subsequent offering of evidence-based nicotine dependence treatments into usual care. Such strategies have the potential to improve the provision of smoking cessation support in healthcare settings, and cessation outcomes among those who use them. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of system change interventions within healthcare settings, for increasing smoking cessation or the provision of smoking cessation care, or both...
February 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182853/impact-of-online-education-on-nurses-delivery-of-smoking-cessation-interventions-with-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#19
Stella A Bialous, Linda Sarna, Marjorie J Wells, Jenny K Brook, Eva Kralikova, Alexandra Pankova, Witold Zatoński, Krzysztof Przewozniak
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in Europe and worldwide. Nurses, if properly educated, can contribute to decreasing the burden of tobacco use in the region by helping smokers quit smoking. AIMS: To assess: (a) the feasibility of an online program to educate nurses in Czech Republic and Poland on evidence-based smoking cessation interventions for patients and (b) self-reported changes in practices related to consistently (usually or always) providing smoking cessation interventions to smokers, before and 3 months after participation in the program...
February 9, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182748/beyond-experimentation-five-trajectories-of-cigarette-smoking-in-a-longitudinal-sample-of-youth
#20
Lauren M Dutra, Stanton A Glantz, Nadra E Lisha, Anna V Song
The first goal of this study was to identify the most appropriate measure of cigarette smoking for identifying unique smoking trajectories among adolescents; the second goal was to describe the resulting trajectories and their characteristics. Using 15 annual waves of smoking data in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97), we conducted an exploratory latent class growth analysis to determine the best of four outcome variables for yearly smoking (cigarettes per day on days smoked, days smoked per month, mean cigarettes per day, and total cigarettes per month) among individuals aged 12 to 30 (n = 8,791)...
2017: PloS One
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