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Tobacco cessation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328231/use-of-cell-phones-and-computers-for-health-promotion-and-tobacco-cessation-by-american-indian-college-students-in-montana
#1
Jo Ann W Dotson, Lonnie A Nelson, Sara L Young, Dedra Buchwald, John Roll
INTRODUCTION: Cell phones and personal computers have become popular mechanisms for delivering and monitoring health information and education, including the delivery of tobacco cessation education and support. Tobacco smoking is prevalent among American Indians (AIs) and Alaska Natives (ANs), with 26% AI/AN adult men smoking compared to 19% of Caucasian adult males and 22% of African American adult males. Smoking is even more prevalent in Northern Plains AI populations, with 42% of men <i>and</i> women reporting current smoking...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327448/prenatal-tobacco-exposure-birthweight-and-offspring-psychopathology
#2
Ardesheer Talati, Priya J Wickramaratne, Rikke Wesselhoeft, Myrna M Weissman
Although prenatal tobacco exposure (PTE) is associated with several adverse offspring mental health outcomes, mechanisms remain unclear. We test whether associations between PTE and offspring psychopathology are explained by birthweight, one of the earliest-occurring outcomes of PTE. The analysis focuses on 238 offspring from a family study of depression with (1) collected prenatal histories and (2) at least one clinical interview in adulthood to assess psychiatric problems. Exposure was categorized by maternal smoking of ≥10 cigarettes daily/nearly daily; diagnostic outcomes were confirmed by clinicians using the best-estimate procedure, blind to exposure...
March 8, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326291/applying-a-new-theory-to-smoking-cessation-case-of-multi-theory-model-mtm-for-health-behavior-change
#3
Manoj Sharma, Jagdish Khubchandani, Vinayak K Nahar
Background: Smoking continues to be a public health problem worldwide. Smoking and tobacco use are associated with cardiovascular diseases that include coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, cerebrovascular disease, and abdominal aortic aneurysm. Programs for quitting smoking have played a significant role in reduction of smoking in the United States. The smoking cessation interventions include counseling, nicotine replacement therapy, buproprion therapy, and varenicline therapy. The success rates with each of these approaches vary with clear need for improvement...
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325162/-active-anti-smoking-policy-is-a-moral-duty-of-government-responsibility-for-reducing-smoking-lies-with-both-the-individual-and-society
#4
M Verweij
Tobacco discouragement, smoking cessation and tobacco endgame policies are sometimes criticised for being unduly paternalistic: governments should respect citizens' freedom and not take over their individual responsibility for healthy behaviour. In this commentary, I argue that very strict tobacco policies can be justified on multiple grounds, including the harm principle, the public good of maintaining a healthy society, and the reduction of health inequities. The moral reasons governments have to protect people against the harms of smoking do not limit or infringe upon the responsibility of each individual to take care of her own health: responsibility for healthy behaviour is not a zero-sum game...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324226/tobacco-cessation-counseling-attitudes-and-practices-among-yemeni-dental-professionals
#5
Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri, Walid A Al-Soneidar, Amer AlMaqtari, Abdulrahman Hunaish, Ghadah Al-Sufyani, Esam Halboub
Tobacco use is a significant health problem in Yemen and worldwide. Dental practitioners can play a pivotal role in educating their patients on the risk of smoking and motivating them to quit. This study aimed to assess the attitudes towards and practices of tobacco cessation counseling (TCC) among Yemeni dental professionals and to evaluate whether such attitudes and practices are associated with gender, smoking status, and years since graduation. In this cross-sectional study, a self-administered questionnaire containing questions regarding the practice and attitudes towards TCC in dental clinic was used...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318307/stress-socializing-and-other-motivations-for-smoking-among-the-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-queer-community-in-new-york-city
#6
Deanna P Jannat-Khah, LeConté J Dill, Simone A Reynolds, Michael A Joseph
PURPOSE: This study contributes to the emerging literature on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, and queer (LGBTQ) health disparities and tobacco use by examining the motivations for smoking among the New York City (NYC) LGBTQ population. APPROACH: We used grounded theory and blended methods from 3 grounded theorists-Strauss, Corbin, and Charmaz-for data collection, coding, and analysis. SETTING: NYC has extensive legislation to prevent smoking; however, the current smoking prevalence of homosexuals is double that of heterosexuals...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316562/changes-in-cigarette-smoking-initiation-cessation-and-relapse-among-u-s-adults-a-comparison-of-two-longitudinal-samples
#7
Zinan Yi, Maria E Mayorga, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Jennifer L Pearson
BACKGROUND: The tobacco epidemic in the U.S. has matured in the past decade. However, due to rapidly changing social policy and commercial environments, tailored prevention and interventions are needed to support further reduction in smoking. METHODS: Using Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (TUS-CPS) 2002-2003 and 2010-2011 longitudinal cohorts, five smoking states are defined including daily-heavy, daily-light, non-daily, former and non-smoker...
2017: Tobacco Induced Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302919/tobacco-cessation-and-household-spending-on-non-tobacco-goods-results-from-the-us-consumer-expenditure-surveys
#8
Erin S Rogers, Dhaval M Dave, Alexis Pozen, Marianne Fahs, William T Gallo
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the impact of tobacco cessation on household spending on non-tobacco goods in the USA. METHODS: Using 2006-2015 Consumer Expenditure Survey data, 9130 tobacco-consuming households were followed for four quarters. Households were categorised during the fourth quarter as having: (1) recent tobacco cessation, (2) long-term cessation, (3) relapsed cessation or (4) no cessation. Generalised linear models were used to compare fourth quarter expenditures on alcohol, food at home, food away from home, housing, healthcare, transportation, entertainment and other goods between the no-cessation households and those with recent, long-term or relapsed cessation...
March 16, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300972/a-review-of-smartphone-apps-for-smoking-cessation-available-in-portuguese
#9
Taynara Dutra Batista Formagini, Rafaela Russi Ervilha, Nathália Munck Machado, Bárbara Any Bianchi Bottaro de Andrade, Henrique Pinto Gomide, Telmo Mota Ronzani
Smartphone apps are being developed as a complement to smoking cessation treatment. The current study aimed to analyze the content of available apps in Portuguese in two operational systems, Android and iOS. Fifty-one apps were found in iTunes and 600 in Google Play. Content evaluation included apps that focused on smoking cessation, with a total of 12 apps in iOS and 3 in Android. Each app was categorized according to its approach to smoking cessation and scored according to level of adherence to the Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence smoking cessation treatment guideline...
March 9, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295829/chondroradionecrosis-of-the-larynx-24-year-university-of-wisconsin-experience
#10
Thomas G Gessert, Christopher J Britt, Austin M W Maas, Aaron M Wieland, Paul M Harari, Gregory K Hartig
BACKGROUND: Chondroradionecrosis (CRN) is an uncommon but significant complication of laryngeal radiotherapy that presents a diagnostic challenge to clinicians through its similarity in presentation to cancer recurrence. METHODS: Two hundred ninety-four patients underwent primary, adjuvant, or salvage radiation for laryngeal cancer from 1991 to 2015 at the University of Wisconsin. Medical records were reviewed to identify and characterize patients with a diagnosis of CRN...
March 11, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290528/nicotine-dependence-is-associated-with-functional-variation-in-fmo3-an-enzyme-that-metabolizes-nicotine-in-the-brain
#11
A M Teitelbaum, S E Murphy, G Akk, T B Baker, A Germann, L B von Weymarn, L J Bierut, A Goate, E D Kharasch, A J Bloom
A common haplotype of the flavin-containing monooxygenase gene FMO3 is associated with aberrant mRNA splicing, a twofold reduction in in vivo nicotine N-oxidation and reduced nicotine dependence. Tobacco remains the largest cause of preventable mortality worldwide. CYP2A6, the primary hepatic nicotine metabolism gene, is robustly associated with cigarette consumption but other enzymes contribute to nicotine metabolism. We determined the effects of common variants in FMO3 on plasma levels of nicotine-N-oxide in 170 European Americans administered deuterated nicotine...
March 14, 2017: Pharmacogenomics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288999/cannabis-arteritis-ever-more-important-to-consider
#12
Rui Pedro Santos, Cristina Isabel Pinho Resende, Ana Paula Vieira, Celeste Brito
Cannabis arteritis (CA) is a major and underdiagnosed cause of peripheral arterial disease in young patients. A 34-year-old man, daily smoker of 20 cigarettes and two cannabis cigarettes for 14 years, presented with a necrotic plaque of left hallux for 3 weeks. The Doppler ultrasound and angiography were compatible with severe Buerger's disease. Submitted to a revascularisation procedure and hypocoagulation with rivaroxaban. He had ceased smoking but maintained consumption of cannabis. Owing to the persistence of distal necrosis, amputation of the hallux was performed with good evolution...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288601/babies-living-safe-smokefree-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multilevel-multimodal-behavioral-intervention-to-reduce-low-income-children-s-tobacco-smoke-exposure
#13
Bradley N Collins, Stephen J Lepore
BACKGROUND: Addressing children's tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) remains a public health priority. However, there is low uptake and ineffectiveness of treatment, particularly in low-income populations that face numerous challenges to smoking behavior change. A multilevel intervention combining system-level health messaging and advice about TSE delivered at community clinics that disseminate the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), combined with nicotine replacement and intensive multimodal, individual-level behavioral intervention may improve TSE control efforts in such high-risk populations...
March 14, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285208/predictors-of-tobacco-abstinence-in-outpatient-smokers-with-schizophrenia-or-bipolar-disorder-treated-with-varenicline-and-cognitive-behavioral-smoking-cessation-therapy
#14
Randi M Schuster, Corinne Cather, Gladys N Pachas, Haiyue Zhang, Kristina M Cieslak, Susanne S Hoeppner, David Schoenfeld, A Eden Evins
BACKGROUND: The estimated mortality gap between those with and without serious mental illness (SMI) is increasing, now estimated at 28years, which is largely due to smoking-related diseases. AIMS: We sought to identify predictors of 14-day continuous abstinence in stable outpatient smokers with SMI. METHOD: Adult smokers with schizophrenia spectrum (n=130) or bipolar disorder (n=23) were enrolled in a 12-week course of varenicline and cognitive-behavioral therapy for smoking cessation...
February 24, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282080/-smoking-rates-among-students-of-medicine-at-a-university-institute-in-buenos-aires-cross-section-study
#15
Lucas E Gonzalez, Nicolás A Lescano, Sergio A Terrasa, María V Salgado
INTRODUCTION: Argentina has a smoking rate among adults of 22.1%; previous research has shown medical students smoke at the same rate than the general population. Physicians' smoking status affects their ability to provide anti-smoking advice. METHODS: Observational cross-sectional study. In 2011 a survey was administered to medical students at Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires School of Medicine asking about demographic and tobacco use characteristics, and knowledge and attitudes toward smoking...
July 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279662/in%C3%A2-vivo-interactions-between-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-and-nuclear-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptor-%C3%AE-implication-for-nicotine-dependence
#16
Asti Jackson, Deniz Bagdas, Pretal P Muldoon, Aron H Lichtman, F Ivy Carroll, Mark Greenwald, Michael F Miles, M Imad Damaj
Chronic tobacco use dramatically increases health burdens and financial costs. Limitations of current smoking cessation therapies indicate the need for improved molecular targets. The main addictive component of tobacco, nicotine, exerts its dependency effects via nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Activation of the homomeric α7 nAChR reduces nicotine's rewarding properties in conditioned place preference (CPP) test and i.v. self-administration models, but the mechanism underlying these effects is unknown...
March 7, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271025/disparities-in-receipt-of-5as-for-smoking-cessation-in-diverse-primary-care-and-hiv-clinics
#17
Maya Vijayaraghavan, Patrick Yuan, Steven Gregorich, Paula Lum, Nicole Appelle, Anna Maria Napoles, Sara Kalkhoran, Jason Satterfield
Clinical practice guidelines recommend that clinicians implement the 5As (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, and Arrange) for smoking cessation at every clinical encounter. We sought to examine the prevalence of patient- and clinician-reported 5As in two primary care and one HIV care clinics in San Francisco, California between August 2013 and March 2014 (n = 462 patients and n = 61 clinicians). We used multivariable logistic regression analysis to identify factors associated with receipt of the 5As, adjusting for patient demographics, patient insurance, clinic site, patient tobacco use, and patient comorbidities...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271021/tobacco-use-cessation-interventions-for-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-queer-youth-and-young-adults-a-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
N Bruce Baskerville, Darly Dash, Alanna Shuh, Katy Wong, Aneta Abramowicz, Jennifer Yessis, Ryan D Kennedy
Smoking prevalence among LGBTQ + youth and young adults is alarmingly high compared to their non-LGBTQ + peers. The purpose of the scoping review was to assess the current state of smoking prevention and cessation intervention research for LGBTQ + youth and young adults, identify and describe these interventions and their effectiveness, and identify gaps in both practice and research. A search for published literature was conducted in PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, PsychInfo, and LGBT Life, as well as an in-depth search of the grey literature...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267470/rationale-and-design-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effects-of-a-community-health-worker-based-program-for-cardiovascular-risk-factor-control-in-india
#19
Aditya Khetan, Raghunandan Purushothaman, Melissa Zullo, Rishab Gupta, Vittal Hejjaji, Sushil Agarwal, Sri Krishna Madan Mohan, Richard Josephson
BACKGROUND: The increasing burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in low- and middle-income countries is largely driven by the increasing prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, and tobacco use. We hypothesize that the utilization of community health workers (CHWs) to screen for and manage these 3 determinants of CVD in an integrated manner would be an effective approach to favorably affecting public health. METHODS: We have designed and set up the infrastructure to implement a 2-year community-based cluster randomized controlled trial in an underserved region of West Bengal, India...
March 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264578/-what-does-smoke-free-hospital-mean
#20
Lenka Štěpánková
"Smoke-free Hospital" is the name of a gradual and long-term project, with the really smoke-free hospital as the final goal. The project is based on the process itself that leads to such a status. European Network of Smoke-free Hospitals (ENSH, www.ensh.org) provides detailed instructions and recommendations regarding actions to be implemented. The main objective of the network is "to deliver safe quality care in relation to tobacco for every service user, every time and everywhere".Each hospital could identify its own sub-goals and methods of implementation, but it is important to assess the achieved steps regularly...
2017: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
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