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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730617/what-is-the-epidemiology-of-medication-errors-error-related-adverse-events-and-risk-factors-for-errors-in-adults-managed-in-community-care-contexts-a-systematic-review-of-the-international-literature
#1
Ghadah Asaad Assiri, Nada Atef Shebl, Mansour Adam Mahmoud, Nouf Aloudah, Elizabeth Grant, Hisham Aljadhey, Aziz Sheikh
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiology of medication errors and error-related adverse events in adults in primary care, ambulatory care and patients' homes. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCE: Six international databases were searched for publications between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2015. DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS: Two researchers independently extracted data from eligible studies and assessed the quality of these using established instruments...
May 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724183/the-effect-of-epidural-education-on-primigravid-women-s-decision-to-request-epidural-analgesia-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Maha Heshaam Alakeely, Arwa Khalaf Almutari, Ghadah Abdulrhman Alhekail, Zainah Ahmad Abuoliat, Alaa Althubaiti, Laila Abdul-Rahman AboItai, Hanan Al-Kadri
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia represents one of the most effective pharmacological ways to relieve labour pain. Women's awareness regarding the use of epidurals is increasing. As the decision to use epidural analgesia during labour is affected by many social, personal and medical factors, this study aimed to explore the factors contributing to a pregnant women's decision to use epidurals and to understand the benefit of implementing a health education program regarding epidural analgesia...
May 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713328/high-incidence-of-severe-combined-immunodeficiency-disease-in-saudi-arabia-detected-through-combined-t-cell-receptor-excision-circle-and-next-generation-sequencing-of-newborn-dried-blood-spots
#3
Hamoud Al-Mousa, Ghadah Al-Dakheel, Amal Jabr, Fahd Elbadaoui, Mohamed Abouelhoda, Mansoor Baig, Dorota Monies, Brian Meyer, Abbas Hawwari, Majed Dasouki
Severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) is the most severe form of primary immunodeficiency disorders (PID). T-cell receptor excision circle (TREC) copy number analysis is an efficient tool for population-based newborn screening (NBS) for SCID and other T cell lymphopenias. We sought to assess the incidence of SCID among Saudi newborn population and examine the feasibility of using targeted next generation sequencing PID gene panel (T-NGS PID) on DNA isolated from dried blood spots (DBSs) in routine NBS programs as a mutation screening tool for samples with low TREC count...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668452/can-wearable-devices-accurately-measure-heart-rate-variability-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Konstantinos Georgiou, Andreas V Larentzakis, Nehal N Khamis, Ghadah I Alsuhaibani, Yasser A Alaska, Elias J Giallafos
BACKGROUND: A growing number of wearable devices claim to provide accurate, cheap and easily applicable heart rate variability (HRV) indices. This is mainly accomplished by using wearable photoplethysmography (PPG) and/or electrocardiography (ECG), through simple and non-invasive techniques, as a substitute of the gold standard RR interval estimation through electrocardiogram. Although the agreement between pulse rate variability (PRV) and HRV has been evaluated in the literature, the reported results are still inconclusive especially when using wearable devices...
March 1, 2018: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563080/quality-of-publicly-available-physical-activity-apps-review-and-content-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Paulina Bondaronek, Ghadah Alkhaldi, April Slee, Fiona L Hamilton, Elizabeth Murray
BACKGROUND: Within the new digital health landscape, the rise of health apps creates novel prospects for health promotion. The market is saturated with apps that aim to increase physical activity (PA). Despite the wide distribution and popularity of PA apps, there are limited data on their effectiveness, user experience, and safety of personal data. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review and content analysis was to evaluate the quality of the most popular PA apps on the market using health care quality indicators...
March 21, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489324/tuning-and-switching-a-plasmonic-quantum-dot-sandwich-in-a-nematic-line-defect
#6
Haridas Mundoor, Ghadah H Sheetah, Sungoh Park, Paul J Ackerman, Ivan I Smalyukh, Jao van de Lagemaat
We study the quantum-mechanical effects arising in a single semiconductor core/shell quantum dot (QD) controllably sandwiched between two plasmonic nanorods. Control over the position and the "sandwich" confinement structure is achieved by the use of a linear-trap liquid crystal (LC) line defect and laser tweezers that "push" the sandwich together. This arrangement allows for the study of exciton-plasmon interactions in a single structure, unaltered by ensemble effects or the complexity of dielectric interfaces...
March 27, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466236/mentoring-as-a-knowledge-translation-intervention-for-implementing-nursing-practice-guidelines-a-qualitative-study
#7
Ghadah Abdullah, Kathryn A S Higuchi, Jenny Ploeg, Dawn Stacey
An interpretive descriptive qualitative study was conducted to explore the characteristics and outcomes of mentoring used for implementing nursing practice guidelines. We interviewed six mentees, eight mentors, and four program leaders who were involved in the Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario fellowship program in Ontario, Canada. Inductive content analysis was used and study rigor was verified using triangulation of findings and member checking. Mentors were described as accessible, dedicated, and having expertise; mentees were described as enthusiastic, self-directed, and having mixed levels of expertise...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461878/experience-of-parents-of-children-with-autism-on-youtube-are-there-educationally-useful-videos
#8
Samy A Azer, Raghad A Bokhari, Ghadah S AlSaleh, May M Alabdulaaly, Khawlah I Ateeq, Anthony P S Guerrero, Sarah Azer
The aims of this study were to determine the following: first, are there educationally useful videos of parents of children with autism sharing their experiences? Second, do any of the data related to videos help in identifying useful videos? And third, what do posted comments tell us? YouTube was searched for videos of parents sharing their experiences. The following parameters were collected: title, creator, URL, duration, number of viewers, likes, dislikes, comments, days on YouTube, and country. Based on agreed-upon criteria, videos were divided independently into educationally useful and non-useful categories...
September 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238494/prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-its-relation-with-obesity-in-turaif-saudi-arabia-in-2017
#9
Reem Sebeh Alhazmi, Amer Ahmed Balla Ahmed, Maha Hazzaa Alshalan, Zuhur Dhaher Alfuhigi, Shoroq Faisal Alhazmi, Amjad Naif Aldughmi, Nada Naif Alshammari, Anwar Eid Alruwaili, Ghadah Saleem Alenezi, Taif Shayish Alanazi, Shouq Amjad Almadani
Background: The significant increase in the prevalence of obesity over past decades caused the concomitant rise in the incidence of glucose intolerance and diabetes. Objective: To determine the prevalence of diabetes among Saudi nationals in Turaif, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and to examine the association between diabetes and obesity in the studied population. Methods: This study was conducted during the period from May 01 to May 31, 2017. Data was collected from 402 individuals aged between 6-63 years via a predesigned questionnaire covering medical history of diabetes, age and sex...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229888/the-association-between-body-mass-index-and-frequency-of-emergency-department-visits-and-hospitalization-for-asthma-exacerbation-in-a-pediatric-population
#10
Ghadah Abdulrahman Alhekail, Alaa Althubaiti, Sulaiman AlQueflie
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of both asthma and obesity are increasing. Although some studies suggest an association between body mass index (BMI) and frequency of emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalization for asthma exacerbation, any association remains unproven. OBJECTIVE: Estimate the frequency of asthma exacerbation in obese children, and identify any relationship between BMI and frequency of ED visits and hospitalization for asthma exacerbation. DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records...
November 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217026/ciliary-body-location-in-eyes-with-and-without-primary-congenital-glaucoma
#11
Ghadah Al Nosair, Rajiv Khandekar, Mohammed Al-Shamrani, Deepak P Edward
OBJECTIVE: To compare the location of ciliary body (CB) in children with and without primary congenital glaucoma (PCG). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we enrolled Saudi children who were less than 5 years old. CB distance (CBD) was measured and compared in eyes with PCG (PCG group) and without PCG (control group). CBD was measured with a caliper and defined as the distance between the edge of the corneoscleral limbus and the anterior edge of CB as delineated by transillumination...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142406/biological-activity-and-isolation-of-compounds-from-stem-bark-of-plumeria-acutifolia
#12
Ghadah A Alhozaimy, Ebtesam Saad Al-Sheddi, Taghreed A Ibrahim
Background: Plumeria acutifolia ( Apocynaceae ) is an ornamental plant, used in the traditional medicine and known to have a variety of constituents as alkaloids, flavonoids, and iridoids. Extracts of this plant were proved to have antimicrobial and anticancer activities. Objectives: This research was conducted for the evaluation of the biological activities of P. acutifolia stem bark and isolation and structural elucidation of various chemical compounds from the biologically active fractions...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099264/co-targeting-pi3k-mtor-and-igf1r-with-small-molecule-inhibitors-for-treating-undifferentiated-pleomorphic-sarcoma
#13
Caitlin D May, Sharon M Landers, Svetlana Bolshakov, XiaoYan Ma, Davis R Ingram, Christine M Kivlin, Kelsey L Watson, Ghadah A Al Sannaa, Angela D Bhalla, Wei-Lien Wang, Alexander J Lazar, Keila E Torres
Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcomas (UPSs) are aggressive mesenchymal malignancies with no definitive cell of origin or specific recurrent genetic hallmarks. These tumors are largely chemoresistant; thus, identification of potential therapeutic targets is necessary to improve patient outcome. Previous studies demonstrated that high expression of activated protein kinase B (AKT) in patients with UPS corresponds to poor disease-specific survival. Here, we demonstrate that inhibiting phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/mTOR) signaling using a small molecule inhibitor reduced UPS cell proliferation and motility and xenograft growth; however, increased phosphorylation of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) indicated the potential for adaptive resistance following treatment through compensatory receptor activation...
October 3, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038900/correction-to-dietary-interventions-and-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Ghadah Altowaijri, Allison Fryman, Vijayshree Yadav
The original version of this article contains an error in the second sentence of the second paragraph of the Paleolithic Diet section.
October 17, 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038712/prevalence-of-diabetes-and-its-relation-with-age-and-sex-in-turaif-city-northern-saudi-arabia-in-2016-2017
#15
Nour Homoud Alanazi, Mahmoud Mohammed Alsharif, Ghazala Rasool, Ahmed Bin Hashash Alruwaili, Asem Matrouk Zayed Alrowaili, Ahmed Saud Aldaghmi, Mohammad Khalil Dughaieum Al Shkra, Fatimah Awadh Alrasheedi, Ghadah Saleem Alenezi, Mona Theyab Alanazi
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes in Saudi Arabia has increased dramatically during the last decades. This increase has been attributed to significant changes in cultural and socio-economic factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine prevalence of diabetes and its relation with age and sex in Turaif city, northern Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study carried out during the academic year 2016-2017 over a period of 6 months (October 01, 2016 to March 30, 2017)...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033731/ultrasound-guided-continuous-spinal-anesthesia-for-cesarean-section-in-a-parturient-with-scoliosis-corrected-with-harrington-s-rod-surgery
#16
Amer Majeed, Iftikhar Ahmed, Ghadah Jamaan Alkahtani, Nasser Abdullah Altahtam
With rapid improvement in healthcare in Saudi Arabia, increasing number of women with surgically corrected kyphoscoliosis are likely to present for cesarean section (CS) or vaginal delivery requiring anesthesia or analgesia. Despite the surgical correction, these patients have poor cardiopulmonary reserves which increase the risks associated with general anesthesia. Whereas altered vertebral anatomy from previous surgery and the presence of metal work in spine make performing of regional anesthesia (RA) difficult and unpredictable, we report anesthetic management of such a patient who underwent CS using continuous spinal anesthesia technique...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954789/web-based-self-management-support-for-people-with-type-2-diabetes-help-diabetes-randomised-controlled-trial-in-english-primary-care
#17
Elizabeth Murray, Michael Sweeting, Charlotte Dack, Kingshuk Pal, Kerstin Modrow, Mohammed Hudda, Jinshuo Li, Jamie Ross, Ghadah Alkhaldi, Maria Barnard, Andrew Farmer, Susan Michie, Lucy Yardley, Carl May, Steve Parrott, Fiona Stevenson, Malcolm Knox, David Patterson
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a web-based self-management programme for people with type 2 diabetes in improving glycaemic control and reducing diabetes-related distress. METHODS AND DESIGN: Individually randomised two-arm controlled trial. SETTING: 21 general practices in England. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 18 or over with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes registered with participating general practices. INTERVENTION AND COMPARATOR: Usual care plus either Healthy Living for People with Diabetes (HeLP-Diabetes), an interactive, theoretically informed, web-based self-management programme or a simple, text-based website containing basic information only...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885122/clinicopathological-variables-of-sporadic-schwannomas-of-peripheral-nerve-in-291-patients-and-expression-of-biologically-relevant-markers
#18
Eric D Young, Davis Ingram, William Metcalf-Doetsch, Dilshad Khan, Ghadah Al Sannaa, Francois Le Loarer, Alexander J F Lazar, John Slopis, Keila E Torres, Dina Lev, Raphael E Pollock, Ian E McCutcheon
OBJECTIVE While sporadic peripheral schwannomas (SPSs) are generally well treated with surgery, their biology is not well understood. Consequently, treatment options are limited. The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive description of SPS. The authors describe clinicopathological features and treatment outcomes of patients harboring these tumors, and they assess expression of biomarkers using a clinically annotated tissue microarray. Together, these data give new insight into the biology and management of SPS...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829328/promoting-engagement-with-a-digital-health-intervention-help-diabetes-using-email-and-text-message-prompts-mixed-methods-study
#19
Ghadah Alkhaldi, Kerstin Modrow, Fiona Hamilton, Kingshuk Pal, Jamie Ross, Elizabeth Murray
BACKGROUND: Engagement with digital health interventions (DHIs) may be regarded as a prerequisite for the intervention to achieve positive health or behavior change outcomes. One method employed to promote engagement is the use of prompts such as emails and text messages. However, little is known about the characteristics of prompts that promote engagement. This study explored the association between the content and delivery mode of prompts and the users' engagement with HeLP-Diabetes (Healthy Living for People with type 2 Diabetes), a DHI that aimed to promote self-management in adults with type 2 diabetes...
August 22, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817317/living-outside-the-gender-box-in-mexico-testimony-of-transgender-mexican-asylum-seekers
#20
Marshall K Cheney, Mary J Gowin, E Laurette Taylor, Melissa Frey, Jamie Dunnington, Ghadah Alshuwaiyer, J Kathleen Huber, Mary Camero Garcia, Grady C Wray
OBJECTIVES: To explore preimmigration experiences of violence and postimmigration health status in male-to-female transgender individuals (nā€‰=ā€‰45) from Mexico applying for asylum in the United States. METHODS: We used a document review process to examine asylum declarations and psychological evaluations of transgender Mexican asylum seekers in the United States from 2012. We coded documents in 2013 and 2014 using NVivo, a multidisciplinary team reviewed them, and then we analyzed them for themes...
October 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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