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Jonathan R Kusins, Jason A Strelzow, Marie-Eve LeBel, Louis M Ferreira
PURPOSE: Glenoid reaming is a technically challenging step during shoulder arthroplasty that could possibly be learned during simulation training. Creation of a realistic simulation using vibration feedback in this context is innovative. Our study focused on the development and internal validation of a novel glenoid reaming simulator for potential use as a training tool. METHODS: Vibration and force profiles associated with glenoid reaming were quantified during a cadaveric experiment...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
A Bürgin, C J Bockisch, A A Tarnutzer
OBJECTIVE: Gait imbalance in patients with bilateral-vestibular-deficiency (BVD) was linked to increased variability in perceived direction of gravity while upright. We hypothesized this to be true also when roll-tilted. Moreover, as utricular input is essential for spatial orientation, we predicted the variability of perceived vertical to correlate inversely with utricular function. METHODS: Subjective visual vertical (SVV) and haptic vertical (SHV) were measured in various roll-orientations (0°/±45°/±90°) and postural adjustments along earth-vertical/earth-horizontal were collected in patients with partial BVD (n = 10) and healthy controls (n = 11)...
March 5, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
Stefano Cecchetto, Rebecca Lawson
Regularities like symmetry (mirror reflection) and repetition (translation) play an important role in both visual and haptic (active touch) shape perception. Altering figure-ground factors to change what is perceived as an object influences regularity detection. For vision, symmetry is usually easier to detect within one object, whereas repetition is easier to detect across two objects. For haptics, we have not found this interaction between regularity type and objectness (Cecchetto & Lawson, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 43, 103-125, 2017; Lawson, Ajvani, & Cecchetto, Experimental Psychology, 63, 197-214, 2016)...
March 16, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
Ryohei Nagao, Keigo Matsumoto, Takuji Narumi, Tomohiro Tanikawa, Michitaka Hirose
This paper presents a novel interactive system that provides users with virtual reality (VR) experiences, wherein users feel as if they are ascending/descending stairs through passive haptic feedback. The passive haptic stimuli are provided by small bumps under the feet of users; these stimuli are provided to represent the edges of the stairs in the virtual environment. The visual stimuli of the stairs and shoes, provided by head-mounted displays, evoke a visuo-haptic interaction that modifies a user's perception of the floor shape...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Dustin T Han, Mohamed Suhail, Eric D Ragan
Virtual reality often uses motion tracking to incorporate physical hand movements into interaction techniques for selection and manipulation of virtual objects. To increase realism and allow direct hand interaction, real-world physical objects can be aligned with virtual objects to provide tactile feedback and physical grasping. However, unless a physical space is custom configured to match a specific virtual reality experience, the ability to perfectly match the physical and virtual objects is limited. Our research addresses this challenge by studying methods that allow one physical object to be mapped to multiple virtual objects that can exist at different virtual locations in an egocentric reference frame...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Sarthak Ghosh, Lauren Winston, Nishant Panchal, Philippe Kimura-Thollander, Jeff Hotnog, Douglas Cheong, Gabriel Reyes, Gregory D Abowd
The proliferation of high resolution and affordable virtual reality (VR) headsets is quickly making room-scale VR experiences available in our homes. Most VR experiences strive to achieve complete immersion by creating a disconnect from the real world. However, due to the lack of a standardized notification management system and minimal context awareness in VR, an immersed user may face certain situations such as missing an important phone call (digital scenario), tripping over wandering pets (physical scenario), or losing track of time (temporal scenario)...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Sidney Bovet, Henrique Galvan Debarba, Bruno Herbelin, Eray Molla, Ronan Boulic
With the broad range of motion capture devices available on the market, it is now commonplace to directly control the limb movement of an avatar during immersion in a virtual environment. Here, we study how the subjective experience of embodying a full-body controlled avatar is influenced by motor alteration and self-contact mismatches. Self-contact is in particular a strong source of passive haptic feedback and we assume it to bring a clear benefit in terms of embodiment. For evaluating this hypothesis, we experimentally manipulate self-contacts and the virtual hand displacement relatively to the body...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
Nicholas R Andreychuk, Tara Dickie, David J H Emslie, Hilary A Jenkins
Palladium-catalyzed coupling of 1-adamantylamine (2 equiv.) with 4,5-dibromo-2,7-di-tert-butyl-9,9-dimethylxanthene afforded the proligand 4,5-bis(1-adamantylamino)-2,7-di-tert-butyl-9,9-dimethylxanthene, H2 [XAd] (1), which upon deprotonation with excess KH or KCH2 Ph in THF or dme generated [{K(THF)3 }2 (XAd)] (2a) and [K2 (XAd)(dme)] (2b). Subsequent reaction of in situ generated 2a or 2b with [ThCl4 (dme)2 ] yielded [(XAd)ThCl4 K2 ]·x(dme) (3; x = 0.5-2), which reacted with 2 equiv. of LiCH2 SiMe3 or K[allylTMS ] to afford the bis(hydrocarbyl) complexes [(XAd)Th(CH2 SiMe3 )2 (THF)] (4) and [(XAd)Th(η3 -allylTMS )2 ] {5; allylTMS = 1-(SiMe3 )C3 H4 }...
March 15, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Semin Ryu, Dongbum Pyo, Soo-Chul Lim, Dong-Soo Kwon
Recently, various methods using, simultaneously, two types of tactile feedback have been proposed to emulate a real object. However, the possible masking effect when providing two types of tactile feedback has been scarcely reported. In this study, we investigated the masking effect caused by mechanical vibration on the perception of electrovibration. The absolute and difference thresholds of the electrovibration were measured according to the presence/absence, frequency, and intensity of the mechanical vibration...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
C Genna, C M Oddo, A Mazzoni, A Wahlbom, S Micera, H Jörntell
The presence of contralateral tactile input can profoundly affect ipsilateral tactile perception and unilateral stroke in somatosensory areas can result in bilateral tactile deficits, suggesting that bilateral tactile integration is an important part of brain function. Whereas previous studies have shown that bilateral tactile inputs exist and that there are neural interactions between inputs from the two sides, no previous study explored to what extent the local neuronal circuitry processing contains detailed information about the nature of the tactile input from the two sides...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Eric Nudleman, Yoshihiro Yonekawa, Jonathan L Prenner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The surgical approach to eyes needing a secondary intraocular lens have evolved rapidly in recent years. Here, we will focus on techniques for scleral-fixation of intraocular lenses (IOLs), and will review the evidence for their safety and efficacy. RECENT FINDINGS: Transscleral fixation of IOLs refers the placement of lens haptics within scleral tunnels to stabilize the lens in eyes that lack adequate capsular support. Various surgical techniques have been reported recently to accomplish this goal...
March 13, 2018: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Polina Stoycheva, Kaisa Tiippana
The brain's left hemisphere often displays advantages in processing verbal information, while the right hemisphere favours processing non-verbal information. In the haptic domain due to contra-lateral innervations, this functional lateralization is reflected in a hand advantage during certain functions. Findings regarding the hand-hemisphere advantage for haptic information remain contradictory, however. This study addressed these laterality effects and their interaction with memory retention times in the haptic modality...
March 14, 2018: Laterality
Gianluca U Sorrento, Philippe S Archambault, Joyce Fung
BACKGROUND: Developing rehabilitation strategies to improve functional walking and postural control in patients is a priority for rehabilitation clinicians and researchers alike. One possible strategy is the use of sensory modalities to elicit adaptive locomotor gait patterns. This study aimed to explore to what extent haptic inputs, in the form of forward-leading tensile forces delivered to the hand, compared to no force, may lead to adaptation and post-adaptation effects on gait parameters, during and after the haptic exposure, respectively...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Robert K Katzschmann, Brandon Araki, Daniela Rus
This paper presents ALVU (Array of Lidars and Vibrotactile Units), a contactless, intuitive, hands-free, and discreet wearable device that allows visually impaired users to detect low- and high-hanging obstacles, as well as physical boundaries in their immediate environment. The solution allows for safe local navigation in both confined and open spaces by enabling the user to distinguish free space from obstacles. The device presented is composed of two parts: a sensor belt and a haptic strap. The sensor belt is an array of time-of-flight distance sensors worn around the front of a user's waist, and the pulses of infrared light provide reliable and accurate measurements of the distances between the user and surrounding obstacles or surfaces...
March 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Kiyoteru Miyashita, Timo Oude Vrielink, George Mylonas
PURPOSE: Endomicroscopy (EM) provides high resolution, non-invasive histological tissue information and can be used for scanning of large areas of tissue to assess cancerous and pre-cancerous lesions and their margins. However, current robotic solutions do not provide the accuracy and force sensitivity required to perform safe and accurate tissue scanning. METHODS: A new surgical instrument has been developed that uses a cable-driven parallel mechanism (CPDM) to manipulate an EM probe...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Ioana Madalina Iliescu, Maria Alexandra Constantin, Cristina Cozma, Ozana Manuela Moraru, Cristian Mircea Moraru
Purpose: To evaluate the influence of Intraocular Lens (IOL) material and design on Posterior Capsule Opacification (PCO) and Neodymium-YAG (Nd-YAG) rates in eyes implanted with different Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lenses (PC IOLs) designs at the end of uncomplicated cataract surgeries. Setting: Oculus Eye Clinic, Bucharest, Romania. Design: Retrospective, observational study. Methods: This study comprised 4805 eyes operated for cataract in 2012 and 2013 with a post-operative average follow up of 40 ± 6,15 months (27-54 months)...
October 2017: Romanian Journal of Ophthalmology
A P Dwisaptarini, S Suebnukarn, P Rhienmora, P Haddawy, S Koontongkaew
This work presents the multilayered caries model with a visuo-tactile virtual reality simulator and a randomized controlled trial protocol to determine the effectiveness of the simulator in training for minimally invasive caries removal. A three-dimensional, multilayered caries model was reconstructed from 10 micro-computed tomography (CT) images of deeply carious extracted human teeth before and after caries removal. The full grey scale 0-255 yielded a median grey scale value of 0-9, 10-18, 19-25, 26-52, and 53-80 regarding dental pulp, infected carious dentin, affected carious dentin, normal dentin, and normal enamel, respectively...
March 7, 2018: Operative Dentistry
Ling Liu, Patrick R Onck
Switchable materials in response to external stimuli serve as building blocks to construct microscale functionalized actuators and sensors. Azobenzene-modified liquid crystal (LC) polymeric networks, that combine liquid crystalline orientational order and elasticity, reversibly undergo conformational changes powered by light. We present a computational framework to describe photo-induced topographical transformations of azobenzene-modified LC glassy polymer coatings. A nonlinear light penetration model is combined with an opto-mechanical constitutive relation to simulate various ordered and corrugated topographical textures resulting from aligned or randomly distributed LC molecule orientations...
March 7, 2018: Soft Matter
Aitziber Mancisidor, Asier Zubizarreta, Itziar Cabanes, Eva Portillo, Je Hyung Jung
In order to properly control rehabilitation robotic devices, the measurement of interaction force and motion between patient and robot is an essential part. Usually, however, this is a complex task that requires the use of accurate sensors which increase the cost and the complexity of the robotic device. In this work, we address the development of virtual sensors that can be used as an alternative of actual force and motion sensors for the Universal Haptic Pantograph (UHP) rehabilitation robot for upper limbs training...
March 5, 2018: Sensors
Ronald R Gruber, Richard A Block
Dynamic perception includes amodal and modal completion, along with apparent movement. It fills temporal gaps for single objects. In 2 experiments, using 6 stimulus presentation conditions involving 3 sensory modalities, participants experienced 8-10 sequential stimuli (200 ms each) with interstimulus intervals (ISIs) of 0.25-7.0 s. Experiments focused on spatiotemporal completion (walking), featural completion (object changing), auditory, completion (falling bomb), and haptic changes (insect crawling). After each trial, participants judged whether they experienced the process of "happening " or whether they simply knew that the process must have occurred...
April 2017: American Journal of Psychology
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