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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738077/consequences-of-severe-habitat-fragmentation-on-density-genetics-and-spatial-capture-recapture-analysis-of-a-small-bear-population
#1
Sean M Murphy, Ben C Augustine, Wade A Ulrey, Joseph M Guthrie, Brian K Scheick, J Walter McCown, John J Cox
Loss and fragmentation of natural habitats caused by human land uses have subdivided several formerly contiguous large carnivore populations into multiple small and often isolated subpopulations, which can reduce genetic variation and lead to precipitous population declines. Substantial habitat loss and fragmentation from urban development and agriculture expansion relegated the Highlands-Glades subpopulation (HGS) of Florida, USA, black bears (Ursus americanus floridanus) to prolonged isolation; increasing human land development is projected to cause ≥ 50% loss of remaining natural habitats occupied by the HGS in coming decades...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737978/risk-of-violence-among-patients-in-psychiatric-treatment-results-from-a-national-census
#2
Solveig Osborg Ose, Solfrid Lilleeng, Ivar Pettersen, Torleif Ruud, Jaap van Weeghel
BACKGROUND: Adverse media coverage of isolated incidents affects the public perception of the risk of violent behavior among people with mental illness. However, the risk of violence is studied most frequently among inpatients, which falsely exaggerates the prevalence of people with mental illness because the majority of individuals receive treatment as outpatients. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of the risk of violence among inpatients and outpatients in psychiatric treatment, as well as the associations with gender, age, socio-economic status and co-morbid substance use disorders in all major diagnostic categories...
July 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737638/a-bone-health-intervention-for-chinese-immigrants-in-santa-clara-county
#3
Joanne Zou, Michelle DeCoux Hampton, Kate Shade, Leonard Kaku
BACKGROUND: Among Chinese immigrants, osteoporosis is undertreated, misdiagnosed, and a leading cause of fragility fractures. In orthopaedic surgery departments, prevention education and health behavior change programs are necessary to improve their bone health. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an osteoporosis prevention education program on participants' self-efficacy with regard to exercise and nutrition when provided by an orthopaedic surgery team during an annual Chinese Health Fair in Santa Clara County, CA...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737054/age-trajectories-of-physical-health-among-older-adults-of-mexican-descent-implications-of-immigrant-status-age-at-immigration-and-gender
#4
Maria A Monserud
OBJECTIVE: This study examines consequences of immigrant status, age at immigration, and gender on age trajectories of activities of daily living (ADL) limitations and chronic conditions among older adults of Mexican descent. METHOD: This research draws on 7 waves of the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly and employs growth curve models. RESULTS: All men had similar age trajectories of ADL limitations, regardless of immigrant status and age at immigration...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Aging and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736913/a-community-responsive-adaptation-to-reach-and-engage-latino-families-affected-by-maternal-depression
#5
Carmen R Valdez, Alyssa Ramirez Stege, Elizabeth Martinez, Stephanie D'Costa, Thomas Chavez
As family researchers and practitioners seek to improve the quality and accessibility of mental health services for immigrant families, they have turned to culturally adapted interventions. Although many advancements have been made in adapting interventions for such families, we have yet to understand how the adaptation can ensure that the intervention is reaching families identified to be in greatest need within a local system of care and community. We argue that reaching, engaging, and understanding the needs of families entails a collaborative approach with multiple community partners to ensure that adaptations to intervention content and delivery are responsive to the sociocultural trajectory of families within a community...
July 23, 2017: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736911/observational-study-of-adherence-to-a-traditional-mediterranean-diet-sociocultural-characteristics-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-of-older-greek-australians-from-mediterranean-islands-medis-australia-study-protocol-and-rationale
#6
Antonia Thodis, Catherine Itsiopoulos, Antigone Kouris-Blazos, Laima Brazionis, Stefanos Tyrovolas, Evangelos Polychronopoulos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
AIM: To describe the study protocol of the MEDiterranean ISlands-Australia (MEDIS-Australia) Study modelled on the MEDIS Study conducted in Greece. The present study aims to explore adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet pattern, determine enablers and barriers to adherence, explore the definition of Greek cuisine, and associations between adherence to the diet pattern and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and metabolic syndrome in older Greek Australians originally from Greek islands and Cyprus...
July 24, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735724/evaluating-community-health-workers-attributes-roles-and-pathways-of-action-in-immigrant-communities
#7
Nadia Islam, Ephraim Shapiro, Laura Wyatt, Lindsey Riley, Jennifer Zanowiak, Rhodora Ursua, Chau Trinh-Shevrin
Community health workers (CHWs) are uniquely positioned to improve health outcomes in immigrant communities; however, research on appropriate metrics for evaluating CHW attributes and mechanisms of effectiveness are limited. The objective of this paper is to characterize CHW attributes and pathways of action using adapted measures, develop a scale using these measures, and explore how findings can inform future CHW research and practice. The study analyzed pre- and post-intervention group data from one quasi-experimental and three randomized controlled-design parent trials assessing the impact of CHW-led group and individual health coaching on various health outcomes in four New York City immigrant communities...
July 20, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735453/comparing-oral-health-services-use-in-the-spanish-and-immigrant-working-population
#8
Natalia Muñoz-Pino, Carmen Vives-Cases, Andrés A Agudelo-Suárez, Elena Ronda-Pérez
We aim to analyze oral health services use and related factors in the immigrant working population compared to the Spanish counterparts. Cross-sectional study of working population (n = 8591) that responded Spanish National Health Survey (SNHS), 2011-2012. The association between oral health services use and migration status was estimated using logistic regression. Immigrant men presented a greater probability of oral health service use a year or more prior (aOR 1.63; 95% CI 1.26-2.02), independently of oral health, sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734520/management-of-refugees-and-international-adoptees
#9
REVIEW
Linda A Waggoner-Fountain
Refugee children and international adoptees have special medical considerations that must be addressed. Providers must be aware of the immigration history, where, and under what circumstances the child lived and migrated to the United States. Federal guidelines exist regarding which infections should be screened for, and how and when and which vaccines should be administered.
August 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734263/study-of-the-influencing-factors-of-the-blood-levels-of-toxic-elements-in-africans-from-16-countries
#10
Luis Alberto Henríquez-Hernández, Octavio P Luzardo, Luis D Boada, Cristina Carranza, José Luis Pérez Arellano, Ana González-Antuña, Maira Almeida-González, Carlos Barry-Rodríguez, Manuel Zumbado, María Camacho
Africa's economy is growing faster than any other continent and it has been estimated that the middle class in Africa now exceeds 350 million people. This has meant a parallel increase in the importation of consumer goods and in the implementation of communication and information technologies (ICT), but also in the generation of large quantities of e-waste. However, inadequate infrastructure development remains a major constraint to the continent's economic growth and these highly toxic residues are not always adequately managed...
July 19, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734064/extensive-seed-and-pollen-dispersal-and-assortative-mating-in-the-rain-forest-tree-entandrophragma-cylindricum-meliaceae-inferred-from-indirect-and-direct-analyses
#11
F K Monthe, O J Hardy, J L Doucet, J Loo, J Duminil
Pollen and seed dispersal are key processes affecting the demographic and evolutionary dynamics of plant species, and are also important considerations for the sustainable management of timber trees. Through direct and indirect genetic analyses we studied the mating system and the extent of pollen and seed dispersal in an economically-important timber species, Entandrophragma cylindricum (Meliaceae). We genotyped adult trees, seeds and saplings from a 400-ha study plot in a natural forest from East Cameroon using eight nuclear microsatellite markers...
July 22, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733921/social-support-networks-and-hiv-sti-risk-behaviors-among-latino-immigrants-in-a-new-receiving-environment
#12
Meghan D Althoff, Katherine Theall, Norine Schmidt, John Hembling, Hirut T Gebrekristos, Michelle M Thompson, Stephen Q Muth, Samuel R Friedman, Patricia Kissinger
The objectives of this study were to: (1) describe the quantity and quality of social support networks of Latino immigrants living in a new receiving environment, and (2) determine the role such networks play in their HIV/STI risk behaviors, including substance use. Double incentivized convenience sampling was used to collect egocentric social support network data on 144 Latino immigrants. Latent class analysis was used for data reduction and to identify items best suited to measure quality and quantity of social support...
July 21, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733714/a-developmental-perspective-in-mental-health-services-use-among-adults-with-mental-disorders
#13
Christophe Huỳnh, Jean Caron, Marilou Pelletier, Aihua Liu, Marie-Josée Fleury
This study examined factors associated with mental health services (MHS) use by individuals with mental disorders within a developmental perspective of adulthood. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted separately for each developmental stage on independent variables using the Andersen's behavioral health service model. For 18-29-year-old emerging adults (n = 141), autonomy, daily life/relations, Internet searching, alcohol dependence, cognitive impulsiveness, number of stressful events, and self-harm were associated with MHS use...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733587/identification-and-analysis-of-mtdna-genomes-attributed-to-finns-reveal-long-stagnant-demographic-trends-obscured-in-the-total-diversity
#14
Sanni Översti, Päivi Onkamo, Monika Stoljarova, Bruce Budowle, Antti Sajantila, Jukka U Palo
In Europe, modern mitochondrial diversity is relatively homogeneous and suggests an ubiquitous rapid population growth since the Neolithic revolution. Similar patterns also have been observed in mitochondrial control region data in Finland, which contrasts with the distinctive autosomal and Y-chromosomal diversity among Finns. A different picture emerges from the 843 whole mitochondrial genomes from modern Finns analyzed here. Up to one third of the subhaplogroups can be considered as Finn-characteristic, i...
July 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733065/severe-maternal-morbidity-associated-with-maternal-birthplace-a-population-based-register-study
#15
Marcelo L Urquia, Susitha Wanigaratne, Joel G Ray, K S Joseph
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to quantify the risk of severe maternal morbidity (SMM) according to maternal country of birth in Canada. METHODS: The study analyzed 1 252 543 in-hospital deliveries of Ontario residents discharged between April 1, 2002, and March 31, 2012. The main outcome measure was a composite indicator of SMM used for surveillance. The top 10 most common component conditions were also evaluated. Maternal country of birth and other immigration characteristics were obtained through linkage with official immigration records...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733056/uninsured-maternity-patients-in-calgary-local-trends-and-survey-of-health-care-workers
#16
Fiona M Mattatall
OBJECTIVE: Uninsured maternity patients comprise a small but complex group of patients and include marginalized Canadians, undocumented immigrants, visitors, and non-Canadians seeking health care and/or citizenship for their newborn. This is the first Canadian study to quantify these patients and to review health care providers' perspectives and practices of care. METHODS: Data for all deliveries in Calgary, Alberta over a 4-year period (2013-2016) were analyzed...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732307/a-multisite-audit-to-assess-how-women-with-complex-social-factors-access-and-engage-with-maternity-services
#17
Hannah Rayment-Jones, Eleanor Butler, Chelsie Miller, Christine Nay, Jennifer O'Dowd
OBJECTIVE: to audit women with socially complex lives' documented access to and engagement with antenatal care provided by three inner city, UK maternity services in relation to birth and neonatal outcomes, and referral processes. BACKGROUND: women living socially complex lives, including young mothers, recently arrived immigrants, non-English speaking, and those experiencing domestic violence, poor mental health, drug and alcohol abuse, and poverty experience high rates of morbidity, mortality and poor birth outcomes...
June 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731931/renal-function-and-its-association-with-blood-pressure-in-middle-eastern-immigrants-and-native-swedes
#18
Christopher Nilsson, Anders Christensson, Peter M Nilsson, Louise Bennet
BACKGROUND: Iraqi-born immigrants residing in Sweden are at high risk for type 2 diabetes, obesity and hyperlipidemia compared with native Swedes. Paradoxically, hypertension is less prevalent in this immigrant population. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in renal function and further if differences in blood pressure (BP) levels were associated with differences across ethnicities in renal function as a possible explanation to the paradox. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study of men and women, born in Iraq or Sweden, aged 30-75 years was conducted in Malmö, Sweden, from 2010 to 2012...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731624/risk-for-postpartum-depression-among-immigrant-arabic-women-in-the-united-states-a-feasibility-study
#19
Dalia Alhasanat, Judith Fry-McComish, Hossein N Yarandi
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects approximately 14% of women in the United States and 10% to 37% of Arabic women in the Middle East. Evidence suggests that immigrant women experience higher rates, but information on PPD among immigrant women of Arabic descent in the United States is nonexistent. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive feasibility study was conducted to assess the practicality of implementing a larger proposed research study to examine predictors of PPD in US immigrant women of Arabic descent residing in Dearborn, Michigan...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730981/bartonella-quintana-an-unrecognized-cause-of-infective-endocarditis-in-children-in-ethiopia
#20
Diana Tasher, Alona Raucher-Sternfeld, Akiva Tamir, Michael Giladi, Eli Somekh
Bartonella quintana endocarditis, a common cause of culture-negative endocarditis in adults, has rarely been reported in children. We describe 5 patients 7-16 years of age from Ethiopia with heart defects and endocarditis; 4 cases were caused by infection with B. quintana and 1 by Bartonella of undetermined species. All 5 patients were afebrile and oligosymptomatic, although 3 had heart failure. C-reactive protein was normal or slightly elevated, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate was high. The diagnosis was confirmed by echocardiographic demonstration of vegetations, the presence of high Bartonella IgG titers, and identification of B...
August 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
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