keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Immigrants

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092071/explaining-the-immigrant-health-advantage-self-selection-and-protection-in-health-related-factors-among-five-major-national-origin-immigrant-groups-in-the-united-states
#1
Fernando Riosmena, Randall Kuhn, Warren C Jochem
Despite being newcomers, immigrants often exhibit better health relative to native-born populations in industrialized societies. We extend prior efforts to identify whether self-selection and/or protection explain this advantage. We examine migrant height and smoking levels just prior to immigration to test for self-selection; and we analyze smoking behavior since immigration, controlling for self-selection, to assess protection. We study individuals aged 20-49 from five major national origins: India, China, the Philippines, Mexico, and the Dominican Republic...
January 13, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091806/gout-in-immigrant-groups-a-cohort-study-in-sweden
#2
Per Wändell, Axel C Carlsson, Xinjun Li, Danijela Gasevic, Johan Ärnlöv, Martin J Holzmann, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
Our aim was to study the association between country of birth and incidence of gout in different immigrant groups in Sweden. The study population included the whole population of Sweden. Gout was defined as having at least one registered diagnosis in the National Patient Register. The association between incidence of gout and country of birth was assessed by Cox regression, with hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI), using Swedish-born individuals as referents. All models were conducted in both men and women, and the full model was adjusted for age, place of residence in Sweden, educational level, marital status, neighbourhood socio-economic status and co-morbidities...
January 13, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091336/who-are-the-patients-that-default-tuberculosis-treatment-space-matters
#3
C Nunes, R Duarte, A M Veiga, B Taylor
The goals of this article are: (i) to understand how individual characteristics affect the likelihood of patients defaulting their pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) treatment regimens; (ii) to quantify the predictive capacity of these risk factors; and (iii) to quantify and map spatial variation in the risk of defaulting. We used logistic regression models and generalized additive models with a spatial component to determine the odds of default across continental Portugal. We focused on new PTB cases, diagnosed between 2000 and 2013, and included some individual information (sex, age, residence area, alcohol abuse, intravenous drug use, homelessness, HIV, imprisonment status)...
January 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087468/smoking-selectivity-among-mexican-immigrants-to-the-united-states-using-binational-data-1999-2012
#4
Nancy L Fleischer, Annie Ro, Georgiana Bostean
Mexican immigrants have lower smoking rates than US-born Mexicans, which some scholars attribute to health selection-that individuals who migrate are healthier and have better health behaviors than their non-migrant counterparts. Few studies have examined smoking selectivity using binational data and none have assessed whether selectivity remains constant over time. This study combined binational data from the US and Mexico to examine: 1) the extent to which recent Mexican immigrants (<10years) in the US are selected with regard to cigarette smoking compared to non-migrants in Mexico, and 2) whether smoking selectivity varied between 2000 and 2012-a period of declining tobacco use in Mexico and the US...
January 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086900/the-role-of-birthplace-and-educational-attainment-on-induced-abortion-inequalities
#5
Yolanda González-Rábago, Elena Rodriguez-Alvarez, Luisa N Borrell, Unai Martín
BACKGROUND: Induced abortion (IA) has shown social inequality related to birthplace and education with higher rates of IAs in immigrant and in less educated women relative to their native and highly educated counterparts. This study examined the independent and joint effects of birthplace and education on IA, repeated and IA performed during the 2nd trimester of pregnancy among women residing in the Basque Country, Spain. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional population-based study of IA among women aged 25-49 years residing in the Basque Country, Spain, between 2011 and 2013...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081056/guidance-for-assessment-of-poliovirus-vaccination-status-and-vaccination-of-children-who-have-received-poliovirus-vaccine-outside-the-united-states
#6
Mona Marin, Manisha Patel, Steve Oberste, Mark A Pallansch
In 1988, the World Health Assembly resolved to eradicate poliomyelitis (polio). Since then, wild poliovirus (WPV) cases have declined by >99.9%, from an estimated 350,000 cases of polio each year to 74 cases in two countries in 2015 (1). This decrease was achieved primarily through the use of trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV), which contains types 1, 2, and 3 live, attenuated polioviruses. Since 2000, the United States has exclusively used inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), which contains all three poliovirus types (2,3)...
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080082/parenting-and-later-substance-use-among-mexican-origin-youth-moderation-by-preference-for-a-common-language
#7
Thomas J Schofield, Rosa I Toro, Ross D Parke, Jeffrey T Cookston, William V Fabricius, Scott Coltrane
The primary goal of the current study was to test whether parent and adolescent preference for a common language moderates the association between parenting and rank-order change over time in offspring substance use. A sample of Mexican-origin 7th-grade adolescents (Mage = 12.5 years, N = 194, 52% female) was measured longitudinally on use of tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana. Mothers, fathers, and adolescents all reported on consistent discipline and monitoring of adolescents. Both consistent discipline and monitoring predicted relative decreases in substance use into early adulthood but only among parent-offspring dyads who expressed preference for the same language (either English or Spanish)...
January 12, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078194/trauma-exposed-latina-immigrants-networks-a-social-network-analysis-approach
#8
Alejandra Hurtado-de-Mendoza, Adriana Serrano, Felisa A Gonzales, Nicole C Fernandez, Mark Cabling, Stacey Kaltman
OBJECTIVE: Trauma exposure among Latina immigrants is common. Social support networks can buffer the impact of trauma on mental health. This study characterizes the social networks of trauma-exposed Latina immigrants using a social network analysis perspective. METHODS: In 2011-2012 a convenience sample (n=28) of Latina immigrants with trauma exposure and presumptive depression or posttraumatic stress disorder was recruited from a community clinic in Washington DC...
November 2016: Journal of Latina/o Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077848/the-economy-of-the-totalitarian-mind-the-case-of-the-immigrant-child
#9
Kathleen Kelley-Lainé
Immigration in early childhood can be considered as a traumatic situation. It often goes unrecognized since children adapt to most conditions and conform to their environment with astonishing agility. Inspired by the sensitive work of Sándor Ferenczi, and Donald Winnicott, regarding the psychic economy of maturational processes, the author explores the concept of totalitarian functioning and its obstruction of the growing psyche. Before birth we are all totalitarian, one with the mother; this symbiotic, invincible state of survival mode is prolonged as the immature newborn child ignores the requirements of reality and enjoys omnipotent pleasure through hallucination...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077826/-effects-of-a-customized-birth-control-program-for-married-immigrant-postpartum-mothers
#10
So Young Kim, So Young Choi
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to develop a customized birth control program and identify its effects on attitude, subjective norm, behavioral control, intention, and behavior of contraception among immigrant postpartum mothers. METHODS: In this experimental study, Vietnamese, Filipino or Cambodian married immigrant postpartum mothers were recruited. They were assigned to the experiment group (n=21) or control group (n=21). The customized birth control program was provided to the experimental group for 4 weeks...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077749/survey-of-obstetrician-gynecologists-in-the-united-states-about-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis
#11
Rebecca L Hall, Britta Anderson, Jay Schulkin, Paul T Cantey, Susan P Montgomery, Jeffrey L Jones
An estimated 50 million persons worldwide are infected with cysticerci, the larval forms of the Taenia solium tapeworm. Neurocysticercosis can cause seizures, epilepsy, and hydrocephalus, and fatal cases have been reported in the United States in immigrants and in travelers returning from endemic countries. Pregnant women with symptomatic neurocysticercosis present treatment challenges, whereas those with the adult tapeworm infection (i.e., taeniasis) can put their infants and other family members, as well as obstetrician-gynecologists and their staff, at risk for cysticercosis...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077202/long-term-care-and-cultural-competence
#12
Jeannette Y Wick, Myroslava Sharabun
The United States has historically been a melting pot of cultures. Today the population has changed because many immigrants are now older than past immigrants, are frequently retired, and have chronic diseases that need careful management. Health care providers need to be culturally competent to deliver effective health care to these diverse populations. Over the years, health care systems and providers have become much more aware of the needs of minority populations. They accommodate language differences and individuals' ingrained beliefs that may affect health care and learn how to ask the questions that will elicit the information they need to treat patients...
January 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077059/ignorance-is-not-bliss-the-effect-of-systematic-information-on-immigrants-knowledge-of-and-satisfaction-with-the-danish-healthcare-system
#13
Signe Smith Jervelund, Thomas Maltesen, Camilla Lawaetz Wimmelmann, Jørgen Holm Petersen, Allan Krasnik
AIMS: Suboptimal healthcare utilisation and lower satisfaction with the patient-doctor encounter among immigrants has been documented. Immigrants' lack of familiarity with the healthcare system has been proposed as an explanation for this. This study investigated whether a systematic delivery of information affected immigrants' knowledge of and satisfaction with the Danish healthcare system. METHODS: A prospective, randomised intervention study of 1158 adult immigrants attending two language schools in Copenhagen was conducted...
January 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076923/how-schools-can-promote-healthy-development-for-newly-arrived-immigrant-and-refugee-adolescents-research-priorities
#14
Clea A McNeely, Lyn Morland, S Benjamin Doty, Laurie L Meschke, Summer Awad, Altaf Husain, Ayat Nashwan
BACKGROUND: The US education system must find creative and effective ways to foster the healthy development of the approximately 2 million newly arrived immigrant and refugee adolescents, many of whom contend with language barriers, limited prior education, trauma, and discrimination. We identify research priorities for promoting the school success of these youth. METHODS: The study used the 4-phase priority-setting method of the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076393/alder-nitrogen-and-lake-ecology-terrestrial-aquatic-linkages-in-the-postglacial-history-of-lone-spruce-pond-southwestern-alaska
#15
Bianca B Perren, Yarrow Axford, Darrell S Kaufman
Diatoms, combined with a multiproxy study of lake sediments (organic matter, N, δ15N, δ13C, biogenic silica, grain size, Cladocera and chironomids, Alnus pollen) from Lone Spruce Pond, Alaska detail the late-glacial to Holocene history of the lake and its response to regional climate and landscape change over the last 14.5 cal ka BP. We show that the immigration of alder (Alnus viridis) in the early Holocene marks the rise of available reactive nitrogen (Nr) in the lake as well as the establishment of a primarily planktonic diatom community...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069564/mood-disorders-in-first-and-second-generation-immigrants-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Irina Mindlis, Paolo Boffetta
BACKGROUND: Although there are consistent reports of higher psychosis rates among immigrants, the information on mood disorders is limited. AIMS: To review and quantify the difference in incidence of mood disorders in first- and second-generation immigrant (FGI and SGI) groups v non-immigrants. METHOD: PubMed, EMBASE and PsycINFO were searched for articles from cohort studies reporting incidence of mood disorders among FGIs and SGIs. RESULTS: Eighteen studies met our inclusion criteria...
January 9, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068998/a-qualitative-study-on-african-immigrant-and-refugee-families-experiences-of-accessing-primary-health-care-services-in-manitoba-canada-it-s-not-easy
#17
Roberta Lynn Woodgate, David Shiyokha Busolo, Maryanne Crockett, Ruth Anne Dean, Miriam R Amaladas, Pierre J Plourde
BACKGROUND: Immigrant and refugee families form a growing proportion of the Canadian population and experience barriers in accessing primary health care services. The aim of this study was to examine the experiences of access to primary health care by African immigrant and refugee families. METHODS: Eighty-three families originating from 15 African countries took part in multiple open ended interviews in western Canada. Qualitative data was collected in six different languages between 2013 and 2015...
January 9, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068537/the-immigrant-paradox-on-internalizing-symptoms-among-immigrant-adolescents
#18
Anica G Bowe
Understanding the immigrant paradox on health outcomes among UK's immigrant adolescents will greatly complement the research on immigrants that has already been established there by economists and interdisciplinary fields. This study used the first Longitudinal Study of Young People in England 2004-2010 database (N = 15,770) to determine a) whether there was evidence of the immigrant paradox on internalizing mental health symptoms between first generation (n = 753) and second plus generation (n = 3042) 14/15 year old immigrant adolescents in England and b) whether differences (if any) were moderated by ethnicity group membership (Black African, Black Caribbean, Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi, Asian Other, White Immigrant)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068132/east-asian-adolescents-ethnic-identity-development-and-cultural-integration-a-qualitative-investigation
#19
Eunju Yoon, Kristen Adams, Angela Clawson, Hanna Chang, Shruti Surya, Gihane Jérémie-Brink
Drawing on the current conceptualization of acculturation/enculturation as bilinear, multidimensional processes proceeding in interaction with surrounding contexts, this study examined ethnic identity development and cultural integration of 13 adolescents from East Asian immigrant families. Five domains emerged via the Consensual Qualitative Research method: ethnic/cultural identity and socialization; bicultural living; racial context-racism and stereotypes; family context-parental expectation; and peer context-friendship/dating...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065571/exposure-to-ddt-and-diabetic-nephropathy-among-mexican-americans-in-the-1999-2004-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#20
Charles J Everett, Olivia M Thompson, Clara E Dismuke
Concentrations of the pesticide DDT (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane) and its metabolite DDE (dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene), in the blood of Mexican Americans, were evaluated to determine their relationships with diabetes and diabetic nephropathy. The data were derived from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2004 (unweighted N = 1,411, population estimate = 13,760,609). The sample included teens, 12-19 years old, which accounted for 19.8% of the data. The time of the study overlapped the banning of DDT in Mexico in the year 2000, and those participants born in Mexico were exposed to DDT before they immigrated to the US...
January 5, 2017: Environmental Pollution
keyword
keyword
54372
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"