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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334411/first-report-of-mating-disruption-with-an-aggregation-pheromone-a-case-study-with-tetropium-fuscum-coleoptera-cerambycidae
#1
Jon Sweeney, Peter J Silk, Marc Rhainds, Wayne MacKay, Cory Hughes, Kate Van Rooyen, Wayne MacKinnon, Gaetan Leclair, Steve Holmes, Edward G Kettela
Tetropium fuscum (F.), native to Europe and established in Nova Scotia, Canada, since at least 1990, is considered a low-to-moderate threat to spruce (Picea spp.) forests in North America and regulated as a quarantine pest by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. We tested broadcast applications of the aggregation pheromone racemic (5E)-6,10-dimethyl-5,9-undecadien-2-ol (fuscumol), formulated at 10% concentration in Hercon Bio-Flakes (Hercon International, Emigsville, PA), for efficacy in disrupting T. fuscum mating and suppressing populations...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334387/presidential-immigration-policies-endangering-health-and-well-being
#2
Lawrence O Gostin, Katharina Eva Ó Cathaoir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334091/landscape-level-patterns-of-elevated-fs1-asian-allele-frequencies-in-populations-of-gypsy-moth-lepidoptera-erebidae-at-a-northern-u-s-boundary
#3
Marissa A Streifel, Patrick C Tobin, Lucia Hunt, Hannah Nadel, John J Molongoski, Brian H Aukema
From a regulatory perspective, Asian gypsy moth is a species complex consisting of three species of Lymantria and two subspecies of Lymantria dispar (L.), differing from the European subspecies, L. dispar dispar (L.), by having consistently flight-capable females. As such, the invasion potential in North America is thought to exceed that of European gypsy moth. USDA-APHIS therefore has a monitoring program to detect Asian gypsy moth at high-risk introduction pathways. Molecular markers are used to improve the diagnosis of Asian gypsy moth...
February 17, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333923/interdisciplinary-approach-at-the-primary-healthcare-level-for-bolivian-immigrants-with-chagas-disease-in-the-city-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo
#4
Maria Aparecida Shikanai Yasuda, Camila Gonçalves Sátolo, Noemia Barbosa Carvalho, Magda Maya Atala, Rosario Quiroga Ferrufino, Ruth Moreira Leite, Célia Regina Furucho, Expedito Luna, Rubens Antonio Silva, Marcia Hage, Caroline Medeji Ramos de Oliveira, Felipe Delatorre Busser, Vera Lucia Teixeira de Freitas, Dalva Marli Valerio Wanderley, Luzia Martinelli, Sonia Regina Almeida, Pedro Albajar Viñas, Nivaldo Carneiro
BACKGROUND/METHODS: In a pioneering cross-sectional study among Bolivian immigrants in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, the epidemiological profile, clinical manifestations and morbidity of Chagas disease were described. The feasibility of the management of Chagas disease at primary healthcare clinics using a biomedical and psychosocial interdisciplinary approach was also tested. Previously, a Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) infection rate of 4.4% among 633 immigrants was reported. The samples were screened using two commercial enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) tests generated with epimastigote antigens, and those with discrepant or seropositive results were analyzed by confirmatory tests: indirect immunofluorescence (IFI), TESA-blot and a commercial recombinant ELISA...
March 23, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333913/tuberculosis-among-foreign-born-persons-diagnosed-%C3%A2-10-years-after-arrival-in-the-united-states-2010-2015
#5
Clarisse A Tsang, Adam J Langer, Thomas R Navin, Lori R Armstrong
The majority of tuberculosis (TB) cases in the United States are attributable to reactivation of latent TB infection (LTBI) (1). LTBI refers to the condition when a person is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis without signs and symptoms, or radiographic or bacteriologic evidence of TB disease. CDC and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommend screening populations at increased risk for LTBI, including persons who have lived in congregate settings at high risk and persons who were born in, or are former residents of countries with TB incidence ≥20 cases per 100,000 population (2-4)...
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332365/social-and-clinical-characteristics-of-immigrants-with-tuberculosis-in-south-korea
#6
Gee Ho Min, Young Kim, Jong Seok Lee, Jee Youn Oh, Gyu Young Hur, Young Seok Lee, Kyung Hoon Min, Sung Yong Lee, Je Hyeong Kim, Chol Shin, Seung Heon Lee
PURPOSE: To determine the social and clinical characteristics of immigrants with tuberculosis (TB) in South Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The registered adult TB patients who were diagnosed and treated in Korea Medical Centers from January 2013 to December 2015 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 105 immigrants with TB were compared to 932 native Korean TB patients. RESULTS: Among these 105 immigrants with TB, 86 (82%) were Korean-Chinese...
May 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332253/sex-and-ancestry-determine-the-free-running-circadian-period
#7
Charmane I Eastman, Victoria A Tomaka, Stephanie J Crowley
The endogenous, free-running circadian period (τ) determines the phase relationship that an organism assumes when entrained to the 24-h day. We found a shorter circadian period in African Americans compared to non-Hispanic European Americans (24.07 versus 24.33 h). We speculate that a short circadian period, closer to 24 h, was advantageous to humans living around the equator, but when humans migrated North out of Africa, where the photoperiod changes with seasons, natural selection favoured people with longer circadian periods...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331807/transmission-of-hepatitis-d-virus-between-spouses-a-longitudinal-study-of-the-first-reported-canadian-case
#8
Carla Osiowy, Anton Andonov, Kevin Fonseca, Ken Swidinsky, Elizabeth Giles, Andrew Mason, Carla S Coffin
In chronic hepatitis B (CHB), hepatitis D virus (HDV) superinfection can lead to acute liver failure. The incidence of HDV superinfection is unknown, but is often detected in immigrants from HDV endemic countries. In this report, we characterize long-term clinical and virological outcomes in a hepatitis B virus (HBV) infected carrier before and after HDV superinfection, acquired from their spouse having HBV/HDV co-infection. A 38 year-old Mongolian male with CHB on anti-HBV therapy developed acute liver failure following HDV superinfection...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331593/immigration-ensures-population-survival-in-the-siberian-flying-squirrel
#9
Jon E Brommer, Ralf Wistbacka, Vesa Selonen
Linking dispersal to population growth remains a challenging task and is a major knowledge gap, for example, for conservation management. We studied relative roles of different demographic rates behind population growth in Siberian flying squirrels in two nest-box breeding populations in western Finland. Adults and offspring were captured and individually identifiable. We constructed an integrated population model, which estimated all relevant annual demographic rates (birth, local [apparent] survival, and immigration) as well as population growth rates...
March 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330490/explaining-culturally-and-linguistically-diverse-cald-parents-access-of-healthcare-services-for-developmental-surveillance-and-anticipatory-guidance-qualitative-findings-from-the-watch-me-grow-study
#10
Pankaj Garg, My Trinh Ha, John Eastwood, Susan Harvey, Sue Woolfenden, Elisabeth Murphy, Cheryl Dissanayake, Bin Jalaludin, Katrina Williams, Anne McKenzie, Stewart Einfeld, Natalie Silove, Kate Short, Valsamma Eapen
BACKGROUND: Regular health visits for parents with young children provide an opportunity for developmental surveillance and anticipatory guidance regarding common childhood problems and help to achieve optimal developmental progress prior to school entry. However, there are few published reports from Australian culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities exploring parents' experiences for accessing child health surveillance programs. This paper aims to describe and explain parental experiences for accessing developmental surveillance and anticipatory guidance for children...
March 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329834/social-security-contributions-and-return-migration-among-older-male-mexican-immigrants
#11
Emma Aguila, Alma Vega
Purpose: For decades, scholars have studied the effects of immigration on the U.S. social security system. To date, this research has been primarily limited to migrants within the United States and does not consider those who return to their countries of origin. We estimate the proportion of male Mexican return migrants who contributed to the U.S. social security system and analyze their socioeconomic characteristics and migration histories. We also estimate the proportion that receive or expect to receive U...
January 19, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329741/drugs-violence-and-trauma-in-m%C3%A3-xico-and-united-states
#12
Juan Carlos Puyana, Juan Carlos Jacob Puyana, Andres Mariano Rubiano, Jorge Hernan Montenegro, Glyn O Estebanez, Alvaro Ignacio Sanchez, Felipe Vega-Rivera
The impact of illicit drug markets on the occurrence of violence varies tremendously depending on many factors. Over the last years, Mexico and United States (US) has increased security border issues that included many aspects of drug-related trade and criminal activities. Mexico experienced only a small reduction of trauma deaths after severe crime reinforcement policies. This strategy in the war on drugs is shifting the drug market to other Central American countries. This phenomenon is called the ballooning effect where by pressure to control illicit drug related activities in one particular area forces a shift to other more vulnerable areas that lead to increase crime and violence...
March 21, 2017: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329540/acral-keratoses-and-squamous-cell-carcinomas-likely-associated-with-arsenic-exposure
#13
Amelia K Hausauer, Rachel Hoffmann, Vitaly Terushkin, Shane A Meehan, Alisa N Femia, Miriam Keltz Pomeranz
Chronic arsenic exposure is known to inducepunctate keratoses with an increased risk ofprimary squamous-cell carcinoma. Drinking wateris currently the major source of arsenic exposureworldwide and is considered one of the mostsubstantial environmental carcinogens. We describethe case of a 61-year-old Hungarian woman withscattered, acral, hyperkeratotic papules and a historyof five palmoplantar squamous-cell carcinomasas well as two other extremity non-melanomaskin cancers. Prior to immigration, she had livedin a county of Southern Hungary that is known tohave elevated concentrations of inorganic arsenicin the drinking water above the World HealthOrganization's current maximum threshold forsafety...
December 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329123/prevalence-of-chagas-disease-in-the-latin-american-born-population-of-los-angeles
#14
Sheba K Meymandi, Colin J Forsyth, Jonathan Soverow, Salvador Hernandez, Daniel Sanchez, Susan P Montgomery, Mahmoud Traina
Background.: According to an estimate from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Chagas disease (CD) may affect 1.31% of Latin American immigrants in the United States, with >300 000 cases. However, there is a lack of real-world data to support this estimate. Little is known about the actual prevalence of this neglected tropical disease in the United States, and the bulk of those infected are undiagnosed. Methods.: From April 2008 to May 2014, we screened 4,755 Latin American-born residents of Los Angeles County...
February 12, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328987/a-novel-recombinant-variant-of-latent-membrane-protein-1-from-epstein-barr-virus-in-argentina-denotes-phylogeographical-association
#15
Magdalena Gantuz, Mario Alejandro Lorenzetti, Paola Andrea Chabay, María Victoria Preciado
AIM: To study LMP1 variants distribution among children with EBV+ malignant and benign conditions as well as in healthy carriers. METHODS: Oral secretions and blood cells from 31 children with IM, and biopsies from 14 EBV+ reactive lymphoid hyperplasia and 33 EBV+ lymphomas were included. LMP1 was amplified by nested PCR and sequenced. Phylogenetic reconstructions were made under Maximun Likelihood, Bayesian and coalescent algorithms. RESULTS: Six clades were defined (China1, China2, Med-, Alaskan, B95...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327116/a-tailored-online-safety-and-health-intervention-for-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-the-ican-plan-4-safety-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#16
Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Colleen Varcoe, Kelly Scott-Storey, Judith Wuest, James Case, Leanne M Currie, Nancy Glass, Marilyn Hodgins, Harriet MacMillan, Nancy Perrin, C Nadine Wathen
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) threatens the safety and health of women worldwide. Safety planning is a widely recommended, evidence-based intervention for women experiencing IPV, yet fewer than 1 in 5 Canadian women access safety planning through domestic violence services. Rural, Indigenous, racialized, and immigrant women, those who prioritize their privacy, and/or women who have partners other than men, face unique safety risks and access barriers. Online IPV interventions tailored to the unique features of women's lives, and to maximize choice and control, have potential to reduce access barriers, and improve fit and inclusiveness, maximizing effectiveness of these interventions for diverse groups...
March 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326536/risk-factors-for-obesity-in-preschool-aged-children-in-china
#17
Jyu-Lin Chen, Jill Howie Esquivel, Jia Guo, Catherine A Chesla, Siyuan Tang
AIMS: To examine the relationship between child, mother, and environmental factors and increased body mass index in preschool-aged children in China. BACKGROUND: There are about 120 million children in China are classified as overweight or obese. Understanding the key factors associated with childhood obesity (i.e. child, mother and environment) is the first step in combating the growing obesity epidemic in China, as well as in the global community, where large numbers of Chinese immigrants can be found...
March 21, 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326438/parent-perceptions-of-child-weight-status-in-mexican-origin-immigrant-families-an-investigation-of-acculturation-stress-and-coping-factors
#18
Dorothy L McLeod, Carolyn R Bates, Amy M Heard, Amy M Bohnert, Catherine DeCarlo Santiago
Parents often underestimate their child's weight status, particularly when the child is overweight or obese. This study examined acculturation, stress, coping, and involuntary responses to stress and their relation to estimation of child's weight status among Mexican-origin immigrant families. Eighty-six families provided data on child's height and weight, caregiver's perception of their child's weight status, and caregiver's responses to acculturation, stress, and coping scales. Parents underestimated their child's weight status, particularly when the child was overweight or obese...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325173/patterns-and-processes-influencing-helminth-parasites-of-arctic-coastal-communities-during-climate-change
#19
K V Galaktionov
This review analyses the scarce available data on biodiversity and transmission of helminths in Arctic coastal ecosystems and the potential impact of climate changes on them. The focus is on the helminths of seabirds, dominant parasites in coastal ecosystems. Their fauna in the Arctic is depauperate because of the lack of suitable intermediate hosts and unfavourable conditions for species with free-living larvae. An increasing proportion of crustaceans in the diet of Arctic seabirds would result in a higher infection intensity of cestodes and acanthocephalans, and may also promote the infection of seabirds with non-specific helminths...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325080/book-review-detaining-the-immigrant-other-global-and-transnational-issues-furman-r-wpps-d-lamphear-g-eds-detaining-the-immigrant-other-global-and-transnational-issues-oxford-england-oxford-university-press-2016-isbn-9780190222574
#20
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