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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168060/the-role-of-physician-recommendation-in-colorectal-cancer-screening-receipt-among-immigrant-chinese-americans
#1
Jane Jih, Minh P Nguyen, Irene Ly, Janice Y Tsoh, Gem M Le, Kent Woo, Elaine Chan, Ginny Gildengorin, Susan L Stewart, Adam Burke, Rena Pasick, Stephen J McPhee, Tung T Nguyen
Chinese Americans have low colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates. It is unclear whether physicians should offer all CRC screening modalities (fecal occult blood test [FOBT], sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy) to Chinese Americans to increase screening. Seven hundred and twenty-five Chinese Americans were asked in a survey if their physician had ever recommended CRC screening and to self-report receipt and type of CRC screening. Participants whose physician had recommended all CRC screening modalities were significantly more likely to report ever having screening (adjusted odds ratio 4...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167366/archaeogenomic-analysis-of-the-first-steps-of-neolithization-in-anatolia-and-the-aegean
#2
Gülşah Merve Kılınç, Dilek Koptekin, Çiğdem Atakuman, Arev Pelin Sümer, Handan Melike Dönertaş, Reyhan Yaka, Cemal Can Bilgin, Ali Metin Büyükkarakaya, Douglas Baird, Ezgi Altınışık, Pavel Flegontov, Anders Götherström, İnci Togan, Mehmet Somel
The Neolithic transition in west Eurasia occurred in two main steps: the gradual development of sedentism and plant cultivation in the Near East and the subsequent spread of Neolithic cultures into the Aegean and across Europe after 7000 cal BCE. Here, we use published ancient genomes to investigate gene flow events in west Eurasia during the Neolithic transition. We confirm that the Early Neolithic central Anatolians in the ninth millennium BCE were probably descendants of local hunter-gatherers, rather than immigrants from the Levant or Iran...
November 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166218/the-effect-of-stereotype-content-on-intergroup-uncertainty-and-interactions
#3
David Rast, Amber Gaffney, Fenglu Yang
Drawing on intergroup threat theory and the stereotype content model, we examine intergroup relations in an organizational context. We surveyed 108 Asian immigrants working at a large international organization located in the UK. We found that perceptions of warmth and competence interact to predict minority group members' willingness to interact with an outgroup majority. Extending previous research, we demonstrate that warmth and competence differentially affect intergroup uncertainty, which mediates the relationship between stereotype content and willingness to interact with the outgroup...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165664/analysis-of-the-huge-immigration-of-sogatella-furcifera-hemiptera-delphacidae-to-southern-china-in-the-spring-of-2012
#4
Si-Si Sun, Yun-Xuan Bao, Yan Wu, Min-Hong Lu, Hoang-Anh Tuan
Sogatella furcifera (Horváth) is a migratory rice pest that periodically erupts across Asia, and early immigration is an important cause of its outbreak. The early immigration of S. furcifera into southern China shows evident annual fluctuations. In the spring of 2012, the huge size of the immigrant population and the large number of immigration peaks were at levels rarely seen prior to that year. However, little research has been done on the entire process of round-trip migration to clarify the development of the population, the long-distance migration and the final eruption...
November 19, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165516/-immigration-and-impact-on-infectious-diseases-of-the-newborn
#5
Giannina Izquierdo, Alejandra Reyes, Luis Delpiano, Marta Aravena, Fernanda Cofré, Mariluz Hernández, Yenis Labraña, Alejandra Sandoval
Over the past few years immigration has become an important issue in Chile. Particular attention should be paid in foreign pregnant mothers. Infectious diseases screening in this group greatly reduce the risk of transmission to the fetus with appropriate therapy.
August 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165212/newly-arrived-african-migrants-to-spain-epidemiology-and-burden-disease
#6
Joaquín Salas-Coronas, María Teresa Cabezas-Fernández, Ana Belén Lozano-Serrano, Manuel Jesús Soriano-Pérez, José Vázquez-Villegas, José Ángel Cuenca-Gómez
The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiological profile, clinical characteristics, and microbiological findings in African immigrants newly arrived to Spain attended at a specialized reference unit from October 2004 to February 2017. A common protocol for the screening of imported and cosmopolitan diseases was designed to evaluate patients with ≤ 12 months of stay in Spain. A total of 523 patients were included in the study, 488 (93.3%) of sub-Saharan origin. A high number of helminthic infections were diagnosed in sub-Saharan patients, including geohelminthiasis (hookworms 14...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165009/the-physical-digital-divide-exploring-the-social-gap-between-digital-natives-and-physical-natives
#7
Christopher Ball, Jessica Francis, Kuo-Ting Huang, Travis Kadylak, Shelia R Cotten, R V Rikard
Older adults are the most digitally divided demographic group. The present study explores how older adults perceive the physical use of information and communication technologies (ICTs), particularly across generations and contexts. Data for the present study come from nine focus groups. Seniors acknowledge that ICTs help them connect with geographically distant social ties, but that they lead to feelings of disconnection with geographically close social ties. We label this phenomenon the "physical-digital divide," which exists when a group feels ostracized or offended when those around them engage with ICTs while they themselves are not or cannot engage with ICTs...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164939/using-cbpr-to-decrease-health-disparities-in-a-suburban-latino-neighborhood
#8
Maren J Coffman, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Heather A Smith, Andrew McWilliams, Yhenneko J Taylor, Hazel Tapp, Johanna Claire Schuch, Owen Furuseth, Michael Dulin
INTRODUCTION: This project tested the feasibility of using a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach to deliver health and social resources in two high-risk, suburban neighborhoods. METHOD: An established research network was used to engage stakeholders to design and deliver a neighborhood-based intervention targeting a Latino immigrant population. The intervention provided screenings for hypertension, diabetes, and depression; primary care provider visits; and information about navigating health care delivery systems and related community-based resources...
September 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164938/an-examination-of-sociocultural-factors-associated-with-mammography-screening-among-latina-immigrants
#9
John S Luque, Yelena N Tarasenko, Debbie Chatman Bryant, Caroline Davila, Grace Soulen
INTRODUCTION: The study hypothesized that sociocultural factors would be associated with breast cancer screening within the past 2 years among Latina immigrant women. METHOD: This study employed a survey design and included 82 Latina immigrant female participants 40 to 64 years of age for the analysis. Two multivariable binary logistic regression models were estimated, one for the sociocultural deterrents and the other for the symptomatic deterrents from the Cultural Cancer Screening Scale...
September 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162915/extensive-gene-flow-of-white-backed-planthopper-in-the-greater-mekong-subregion-as-revealed-by-microsatellite-markers
#10
Yanqiong Yin, Xiangyong Li, Dong Chu, Xueqing Zhao, Khay Sathya, Bounneuang Douangboupha, Mu Mu Kyaw, Manita Kongchuensin, Apirusht Somrith, Vinh Vien Ngo, Huy Chung Nguyen, Shicai Shen, Shufang Liu, Aidong Chen
The white-backed planthopper (WBPH), Sogatella furcifera (Horváth), is a destructive pest of rice in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) countries including Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, and China's Yunnan Province. Our previous study not only confirmed the immigration sources of the WBPH in China's Yunnan Province were from Myanmar, Vietnam, and Laos, but also indicated that Cambodia was likely an additional migration source. To further clarify the migration sources and patterns of the WBPH in the GMS, we investigated the genetic structure of 42 WBPH populations using microsatellite loci markers...
November 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162358/heart-transplantation-for-chagas-cardiomyopathy
#11
Ana Rita Ramalho, David Prieto, Fátima Franco, Manuel J Antunes
Chagas disease is an endemic disease in Latin America that is increasingly found in non-endemic areas all over the world due to the flow of migrants from Central and South America. We present the case of a Brazilian immigrant in Portugal who underwent orthotopic heart transplantation for end-stage Chagas cardiomyopathy. Immunosuppressive therapy included prednisone, mycophenolate mofetil and tacrolimus. Twelve months after the procedure she is asymptomatic, with good graft function, and with no evidence of complications such as graft rejection, opportunistic infections, neoplasms or reactivation of Trypanosoma cruzi infection...
November 18, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161832/a-simple-model-of-hiv-epidemic-in-italy-the-role-of-the-antiretroviral-treatment
#12
Federico Papa, Francesca Binda, Giovanni Felici, Marco Franzetti, Alberto Gandolfi, Carmela Sinisgalli, Claudia Balotta
In the present paper we propose a simple time-varying ODE model to describe the evolution of HIV epidemic in Italy. The model considers a single population of susceptibles, without distinction of high-risk groups within the general population, and accounts for the presence of immigration and emigration, modelling their effects on both the general demography and the dynamics of the infected subpopulations. To represent the intra-host disease progression, the untreated infected population is distributed over four compartments in cascade according to the CD4 counts...
February 1, 2018: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161198/a-systematic-review-of-factors-influencing-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-among-immigrant-parents-in-the-united-states
#13
Kyounghae Kim, Anna-Rae LeClaire
To critically appraise factors influencing human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination among immigrant parents in the United States, a comprehensive search of electronic databases and reference lists was conducted. The findings from 22 articles were ordered based on a socio-ecological model. About 30% of children initiated and 14% completed a 3-dose series. Correlates of HPV vaccine initiation rates included lack of information, concerns about vaccine safety and promiscuity, providers' recommendations, school mandates, financial issues, immigration laws, and living in disadvantaged neighborhoods...
November 21, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159564/headache-in-immigrant-patients-similarities-and-differences-with-italian-population
#14
Fabiola De Marchi, G Tondo, D Mittino, L Bolamperti, C Airoldi, C Pizzamiglio, R Cantello
Headache is one of the most common neurological diseases. It is well known that there are differences in the perception and in the management of pain in various populations. Immigrants represent a growing portion between neurology outpatients. We analyzed the epidemiological characteristic of headache in immigrants come to our attention, in comparison with Italians. Data collected included age at immigration, age of onset of headache, headache's type (HIS criteria), and psychiatric comorbidities. There were not substantial differences in the incidence of headache subtypes: migraine was the most frequent diagnosis in both groups, followed by tension-type headache...
November 20, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159485/beriberi-outbreak-among-unauthorised-immigrants-in-a-detention-camp-in-malaysia
#15
Sunita Abdul Rahman, Mohammad Saffree Jeffree, Fadzilah Kamaludin, Intan Azura Din, Mahanim Yusof, Kamruddin Ahmed
In February 2012, a district health authority received three inmates with bilateral leg swelling and difficulty in breathing from a detention camp for unauthorized immigrants. A case control study was conducted. Fasting blood samples of case and control groups were collected according to instructions of the laboratory for determining thiamine level, and their 1 week dietary intake was analyzed. 9% (21/226) of inmates had bilateral leg swelling, and 75% (6/8) of them had low thiamine level (< 66 mmol/L)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158424/the-spread-of-an-inversion-with-migration-and-selection
#16
Brian Charlesworth, Nicholas H Barton
We re-examine the model of Kirkpatrick and Barton for the spread of an inversion into a local population. This model assumes that local selection maintains alleles at two or more loci, despite immigration of alternative alleles at these loci from another population. We show that an inversion is favored because it prevents the breakdown of linkage disequilibrium generated by migration; the selective advantage of an inversion is dependent on the amount of recombination between the loci involved, as in other cases where inversions are selected for as a result of their effects on recombination...
November 20, 2017: Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157598/chinese-vietnamese-and-asian-indian-parents-perspectives-about-well-child-visits-a-qualitative-analysis
#17
Maya Ragavan, Wendy Li, A Rani Elwy, John Cowden, Megan Bair-Merritt
OBJECTIVES: Well-child visits are a critical component of pediatric healthcare; however, disparities in attendance and quality of care exist for Asian children. Limited research has explored Asian immigrant parents' perspectives about their well-child visit experience. METHODS: Qualitative interviews were conducted with Chinese, Vietnamese, and Asian Indian immigrant parents. Participants were recruited from community-based organizations in the Boston area. Interviews focused on parents' perceptions about well-child visits, including individual attitudes, social and cultural factors impacting their opinions, perceived behavioral control, and improving visits for Asian immigrant families...
November 17, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155082/association-of-gastric-intestinal-metaplasia-and-east-asian-ethnicity-with-the-risk-of-gastric-adenocarcinoma-in-a-u-s-population
#18
Alyssa Y Choi, Lisa L Strate, Matthew C Fix, Rodney A Schmidt, Alexander R Ende, Matthew M Yeh, John M Inadomi, Joo Ha Hwang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although the incidence of gastric cancer is higher than esophageal cancer in the United States, no screening or surveillance guidelines exist. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between gastric intestinal metaplasia and the risk of gastric cancer in a U.S. tertiary care system with a large immigrant population. METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study with cases of biopsy-proven gastric cancer matched (by age and gender) to controls without gastric cancer who had undergone EGD...
November 16, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154974/prostate-cancer-health-disparities-an-immuno-biological-perspective
#19
Sanjay Kumar, Rajesh Singh, Shalie Malik, Upender Manne, Manoj Mishra
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in males, and, in the United States, is the second leading cause of cancer-related death for men older than 40 years. There is a higher incidence of PCa for African Americans (AAs) than for European-Americans (EAs). Investigations related to the incidence of PCa-related health disparities for AAs suggest that there are differences in the genetic makeup of these populations. Other differences are environmentally induced (e.g., diet and lifestyle), and the exposures are different...
November 15, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153492/immigrants-commit-crime-and-violence-at-lower-rates-than-the-us-born-americans
#20
Michael G Vaughn, Christopher P Salas-Wright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
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