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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331978/postdischarge-service-utilisation-and-outcomes-among-chinese-and-south-asian-psychiatric-inpatients-in-ontario-canada-a-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Maria Chiu, Evgenia Gatov, Juveria Zaheer, Michael Lebenbaum, Longdi Fu, Alice Newman, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the short-term and long-term impacts of psychiatric hospitalisations among patients of Chinese and South Asian origin. DESIGN: Retrospective population-based cohort study using linked health administrative data. SETTING: We examined all adult psychiatric inpatients discharged between 1 April 2006 and 31 March 2014 in Ontario, Canada, who were classified as Chinese, South Asian and all other ethnicities (ie, 'general population') using a validated algorithm...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330250/the-intersection-of-national-immigration-and-healthcare-policy
#2
Jeffrey Douaiher, Douglas J Inciarte, Edibaldo Silva
Immigration policy and health care policy remain principal undertakings of the federal government. The two have recently been pursued independently in the judicial and legislative arenas. Unbeknownst to many policymakers, however, national immigration policy and health care policy are linked in ways that, if unattended, could undermine the well-being of a significant portion of the US population, specifically medically underserved rural and urban populations. Using current data from a workforce report of the Association of American Colleges and the published literature, we demonstrate the significant impact that contemporary immigration policy directives may have on the number and distribution of international medical graduates who currently provide-and by the year 2025 will provide-a significant portion of primary health care in the United States, especially in underserved small urban and rural communities...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329436/development-of-the-place-based-adelante-social-marketing-campaign-for-prevention-of-substance-use-sexual-risk-and-violence-among-latino-immigrant-youth
#3
E L Andrade, W D Evans, N D Barrett, S D Cleary, M C Edberg, R D Alvayero, E C Kierstead, A Beltran
Immigrant Latino youth represent a high-risk subgroup that should be targeted with health promotion efforts. However, there are considerable barriers to engagement in health-related programming. Little is known about the engagement possibilities of social marketing campaigns and digital strategies for traditionally 'hard-to-reach' immigrants, underscoring the importance of testing these techniques with immigrant Latino adolescents. We developed and piloted a place-based social marketing campaign in coordination with the branded, Positive Youth Development-based (PYD) Adelante intervention targeting risk factors for co-occurring youth substance abuse, sexual risk and violence...
January 9, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329329/prevalence-risk-factors-and-molecular-evaluation-of-hepatitis-e-virus-infection-among-pregnant-women-resident-in-the-northern-shores-of-persian-gulf-iran
#4
Fatemeh Farshadpour, Reza Taherkhani, Mohamad Reza Ravanbod, Seyed Sajjad Eghbali, Sakineh Taherkhani, Easa Mahdavi
BACKGROUND: Although Iran is reported to be an endemic country for hepatitis E virus (HEV), data on the prevalence of HEV infection among pregnant women are scarce and the epidemiology of HEV is unknown in most parts of the country. Therefore, this study was conducted to elucidate the prevalence, risk factors and genotypic pattern of HEV infection among pregnant women resident in the northern shores of Persian Gulf. This is the first report on the epidemiology of HEV infection among pregnant women in this territory...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329117/ce-original-research-physical-activity-among-chinese-american-immigrants-with-prediabetes-or-type-2-diabetes
#5
Sophia H Hu, Mei R Fu, Shan Liu, Yen-Kuang Lin, Wen-Yin Chang
Findings from this mixed-methods study reveal deficits and suggest areas for change. ABSTRACT: Background: Although the benefits of aerobic exercise and strength training for patients with type 2 diabetes have been studied extensively, research on physical activity among Chinese American immigrants diagnosed with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes has been limited. PURPOSE: We sought to learn more about this population's knowledge of physical activity, the types and intensity levels performed, and the barriers to such activity...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325097/barriers-to-health-care-services-for-migrants-living-with-hiv-in-spain
#6
Patricia Ndumbi, J Del Romero, F Pulido, M Velasco Arribas, F Dronda, J Ramón Blanco Ramos, P García de Olalla, I Ocaña, J Belda-Ibañez, J Del Amo, D Álvarez-Del Arco
Background: In Spain, migrants are disproportionately affected by HIV and experience high rates of late diagnosis. We investigated barriers to health care access among migrants living with HIV (MLWH) in Spain. Methods: Cross sectional electronic survey of 765 adult HIV-positive migrants recruited within 18 health care settings between July 2013 and July 2015. We collected epidemiological, demographic, behavioral and clinical data. We estimated the prevalence and risk factors of self-reported barriers to health care using multivariable logistic regression...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325015/ecological-mechanisms-underlying-soil-bacterial-responses-to-rainfall-along-a-steep-natural-precipitation-gradient
#7
Bonnie Waring, Christine V Hawkes
Changes in the structure and function of soil microbial communities can drive substantial ecosystem feedbacks to altered precipitation. However, the ecological mechanisms underlying community responses to environmental change are not well understood. We used an 18-month soil reciprocal transplant experiment along a steep precipitation gradient to quantify how changes in rainfall affected bacterial community structure. We also conducted an enhanced dispersal treatment to ask whether higher immigration rates of taxa from the surrounding environment would accelerate community responses to climate change...
January 9, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324809/temporal-trends-in-arthropod-abundances-after-the-transition-to-organic-farming-in-paddy-fields
#8
Masaru H Tsutsui, Kazuhiko Kobayashi, Tadashi Miyashita
Organic farming aims to reduce the effect on the ecosystem and enhance biodiversity in agricultural areas, but the long-term effectiveness of its application is unclear. Assessments have rarely included various taxonomic groups with different ecological and economic roles. In paddy fields with different numbers of years elapsed since the transition from conventional to organic farming, we investigated changes in the abundance of insect pests, generalist predators, and species of conservation concern. The abundance of various arthropods exhibited diverse trends with respect to years elapsed since the transition to organic farming...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324289/phylogenetic-analysis-reveals-three-distinct-epidemiological-profiles-in-dutch-and-flemish-blood-donors-with-hepatitis-b-virus-infection
#9
Thijs J van de Laar, Véronique A Van Gaever, Peter van Swieten, An Muylaert, Veerle Compernolle, Hans L Zaaijer
During 2006-2016, hepatitis B virus (HBV) was detected in nearly 400 blood donors in the Netherlands and Flanders. Donor demographics and self-reported risk factors as disclosed during the donor exit interview were compared to HBV phylogenies of donor and reference sequences. First-time donors with chronic HBV-infection were often immigrants (67%) infected with genetically highly diverse strains of genotypes A (32%), B (8%), C (6%), D (53%) and E to H (1%). Each subtype was strongly associated with donor ethnicity...
January 8, 2018: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323534/healthy-foods-prepared-at-home-diet-and-support-as-protective-strategies-during-pregnancy-for-hispanic-women
#10
Allison L Hopkins, Michelle Yeoman, Cheryl Ritenbaugh
Birth outcomes tend to be better among Hispanics than among other ethnic groups, even when matched for poverty and education, and foreign-born Latinas compared to their US-born counterparts. These patterns suggest that sociocultural factors exhibited by recent immigrants have the potential to protect birth outcomes against the instability of minority and low socioeconomic status. To discover potential sociocultural factors, a pilot qualitative study was carried out in Tucson, Arizona, with 18 Hispanic mothers...
January 11, 2018: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323508/past-focused-temporal-communication-overcomes-conservatives-resistance-to-liberal-political-ideas
#11
Joris Lammers, Matt Baldwin
Nine studies and a meta-analysis test the role of past-focused temporal communication in reducing conservatives' disagreement with liberal political ideas. We propose that conservatives are more prone to warm, affectionate, and nostalgic feelings for past society. Therefore, they are more likely to support political ideas-including those expressing liberal values-that can be linked to a desirable past state (past focus), rather than a desirable future state (future focus) of society. Study 1 supports our prediction that political conservatives are more nostalgic for the past than liberals...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320464/sti-knowledge-in-berlin-adolescents
#12
Frederik Tilmann von Rosen, Antonella Juline von Rosen, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider, Inken Damberg, Peter Tinnemann
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) pose a significant threat to individual and public health. They disproportionately affect adolescents and young adults. In a cross-sectional study, we assessed self-rated and factual STI knowledge in a sample of 9th graders in 13 secondary schools in Berlin, Germany. Differences by age, gender, migrant background, and school type were quantified using bivariate and multivariable analyses. A total of 1177 students in 61 classes participated. The mean age was 14.6 (SD = 0...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318624/immigration-political-trust-and-brexit-testing-an-aversion-amplification-hypothesis
#13
Dominic Abrams, Giovanni A Travaglino
A few weeks prior to the EU referendum (23rd June 2016) two broadly representative samples of the electorate were drawn in Kent (the south-east of England, N = 1,001) and Scotland (N = 1,088) for online surveys that measured their trust in politicians, concerns about acceptable levels of immigration, threat from immigration, European identification, and voting intention. We tested an aversion amplification hypothesis that the impact of immigration concerns on threat and identification would be amplified when political trust was low...
January 10, 2018: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318433/amor-and-social-stigma-asd-beliefs-among-immigrant-mexican-parents
#14
Shana R Cohen, Jessica Miguel
This study examined cultural beliefs about ASD and its causes among Mexican-heritage families. In focus group interviews, we asked 25 immigrant parents of children with ASD to identify words they associated with ASD and its causes. Participants free-listed, ranked, and justified their responses. Mixed methods analyses utilized saliency scores to calculate responses. Deductive interview analyses justified participants' responses. Salient responses for ASD perceptions included specific characteristics about the child (e...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316977/the-lung-tissue-microbiota-of-mild-and-moderate-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#15
Alexa A Pragman, Tianmeng Lyu, Joshua A Baller, Trevor J Gould, Rosemary F Kelly, Cavan S Reilly, Richard E Isaacson, Chris H Wendt
BACKGROUND: Oral taxa are often found in the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) lung microbiota, but it is not clear if this is due to a physiologic process such as aspiration or experimental contamination at the time of specimen collection. METHODS: Microbiota samples were obtained from nine subjects with mild or moderate COPD by swabbing lung tissue and upper airway sites during lung lobectomy. Lung specimens were not contaminated with upper airway taxa since they were obtained surgically...
January 9, 2018: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316913/influence-of-demographic-changes-on-the-impact-of-vaccination-against-varicella-and-herpes-zoster-in-germany-a-mathematical-modelling-study
#16
Johannes Horn, Oliver Damm, Wolfgang Greiner, Hartmut Hengel, Mirjam E Kretzschmar, Anette Siedler, Bernhard Ultsch, Felix Weidemann, Ole Wichmann, André Karch, Rafael T Mikolajczyk
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies suggest that reduced exposure to varicella might lead to an increased risk for herpes zoster (HZ). Reduction of exposure to varicella is a consequence of varicella vaccination but also of demographic changes. We analyzed how the combination of vaccination programs and demographic dynamics will affect the epidemiology of varicella and HZ in Germany over the next 50 years. METHODS: We used a deterministic dynamic compartmental model to assess the impact of different varicella and HZ vaccination strategies on varicella and HZ epidemiology in three demographic scenarios, namely the projected population for Germany, the projected population additionally accounting for increased immigration as observed in 2015/2016, and a stationary population...
January 9, 2018: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315777/parental-education-and-family-income-affect-birth-weight-early-longitudinal-growth-and-body-mass-index-development-differently
#17
Rebecka Bramsved, Susann Regber, Daniel Novak, Kirsten Mehlig, Lauren Lissner, Staffan Mårild
AIM: This study investigated the effects of two parental socioeconomic characteristics, education and income, on the growth and obesity risks of children from birth to eight years of age. METHODS: Longitudinal growth data and national register-based information on socioeconomic characteristics were available for 3,030 Swedish children. The development of body mass index (BMI) and height were compared in groups dichotomised by parental education and income. RESULTS: Low parental education was associated with a higher BMI from four years of age, independent of income, immigrant background, maternal BMI and smoking during pregnancy...
January 7, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315535/chinese-and-south-asian-ethnicity-immigration-status-and-clinical-cancer-outcomes-in-the-ontario-cancer-system
#18
James K R Stevenson, Matthew C Cheung, Craig C Earle, Hadas D Fischer, Ximena Camacho, Refik Saskin, Baiju R Shah, Peter C Austin, Simron Singh
BACKGROUND: In the United States, certain minority groups have been shown to have inferior cancer outcomes compared with the white majority population. However, to the authors' knowledge, the majority of research has not separated ethnicity from immigration status. The objective of the current study was to determine the impact of ethnicity, independent of immigration status, on cancer outcomes in Chinese and South Asian populations in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: The authors conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study using administrative databases in Ontario, Canada...
January 9, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311411/clinical-findings-of-hcv-chronic-infection-in-undocumented-immigrants-and-low-income-refugees-in-three-areas-of-southern-italy
#19
Evangelista Sagnelli, Loredana Alessio, Caterina Sagnelli, Luciano Gualdieri, Mariantonietta Pisaturo, Carmine Minichini, Giovanni Di Caprio, Mario Starace, Lorenzo Onorato, Gaetano Scotto, Margherita Macera, Nicola Coppola
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: In recent decades, Italy has become a land of immigration from countries suffering a socio-economic crisis. The aim of this study was to perform an organized screening to identify and offer care to immigrants with HCV infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The screening, performed from 2012 to 2015, involved 1,727 immigrants in the Campania and Apulia regions in southern Italy. RESULTS: Screening was accepted by 1,727 (85%) out of 2,032 immigrants interviewed; 70 (4...
December 27, 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310636/sociodemographic-correlates-of-urine-culture-test-utilization-in-calgary-alberta
#20
Thomas P Griener, Christopher Naugler, Wilson W Chan, Deirdre L Church
BACKGROUND: Many clinical practice guidelines encourage diagnosis and empiric treatment of lower urinary tract infection without laboratory investigation; however, urine culture testing remains one of the largest volume tests in the clinical microbiology laboratory. In this study, we sought to determine if there were specific patient groups to which increased testing was directed. To do so, we combined laboratory data on testing rates with Census Canada sociodemographic data. METHODS: Urine culture testing data was obtained from the Calgary Laboratory Services information system for 2011...
January 8, 2018: BMC Urology
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