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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148284/iodine-infused-aeration-for-hull-fouling-prevention-a-vessel-scale-study
#1
Natasha C Dickenson, Jason S Krumholz, Kelli Z Hunsucker, Michael Radicone
Biofouling is a significant economic and ecological problem, causing reduced vessel performance and increases in fuel consumption and emissions. Previous research has shown iodine vapor (I2)-infused aeration to be an environmentally friendly method for deterring the settlement of fouling organisms. An aeration system was deployed on a vessel with hull sections coated with two types of antifoulant coatings, Intersleek(®) 1100 (fouling-release) and Interspeed(®) BRA-640 (ablative copper biocide), as well as an inert epoxy barrier coating, to assess the effectiveness of aeration in conjunction with common marine coatings...
November 17, 2017: Biofouling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116657/international-validation-of-the-european-organisation-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-qlq-brecon23-quality-of-life-questionnaire-for-women-undergoing-breast-reconstruction
#2
Z E Winters, M Afzal, C Rutherford, B Holzner, G Rumpold, R A da Costa Vieira, S Hartup, K Flitcroft, V Bjelic-Radisic, A Oberguggenburger, M Panouilleres, M Mani, G Catanuto, M Douek, J Kokan, P Sinai, M T King
BACKGROUND: The aim was to carry out phase 4 international field-testing of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) breast reconstruction (BRECON) module. The primary objective was finalization of its scale structure. Secondary objectives were evaluation of its reliability, validity, responsiveness, acceptability and interpretability in patients with breast cancer undergoing mastectomy and reconstruction. METHODS: The EORTC module development guidelines were followed...
November 8, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066383/the-origins-of-the-british-neuroscience-association
#3
Edward H Reynolds
I describe the origins of the British Neuroscience Association (BNA) based on new documents which I have discovered. The foundation of the Brain Research Association (BRA) on February 23rd 1968 was influenced by IBRO, notably its two UK Council members, and by many UK neuroscientists, especially the London-based Black Horse Group. The BRA changed its name to the BNA in 1996. The documents are in the Wellcome Trust Archives.
October 21, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048795/-determination-of-residual-toluene-diisocyanate-in-sponge-bra-by-gas-chromatography
#4
Aixia Wang, Ping Ye, Nan Huang, Yan Chen, Xinggen Li
A gas chromatography (GC) with internal standard method was developed for the determination of residual toluene diisocyanate (TDI) in sponge bra. The samples were extracted with ethyl acetate dehydrated, and cleaned up with 0.22 μm microfiltration membrane. The residual toluene diisocyanate was separated on a DB-624 capillary column using temperature programming. The flame ionization detector (FID) was used at 250 ℃. The inlet temperature was 180 ℃ with nitrogen as carrier gas. The linear range was 10-200 mg/L (R(2)=0...
June 8, 2017: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044364/outcome-after-breast-reduction-considering-body-mass-index-and-resection-amount
#5
Mehmet Bayramiçli, Hakan Sirinoglu, Dogus Yalçin
Background: It is presumed that breast reduction improves patients' quality of life and promotes weight loss. Preoperative body mass index (BMI) and the amount of breast tissue (breast reduction amount [BRA]) in proportion to the patient's body weight are important variables to affect the breast reduction outcome. Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the short and long-term effects of breast reduction from the perspective of BMI and BRA. Methods: One hundred fifty-seven consecutive patients were invited to participate in the study...
October 16, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039149/mastalgia-and-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Deniz Koçoğlu, Serife Kurşun, Belgin Akın, Kamile Altuntug
OBJECTIVES: Mastalgia is a common and painful experience among women. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of breast pain, characteristics of the pain, and factors associated with breast pain, particularly those that can be changed. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised women aged from 18 to 65 years. In total, 752 women were included. Risk factors for breast pain were determined using logistic regression analysis with the entry model, and the risk factors for periodic and non-periodic breast pain were assessed using logistic regression analysis with the backward model...
July 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016540/deoxycholic-acid-injections-for-bra-line-lipolysis
#7
S Manjula Jegasothy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971842/inorganic-nitrate-supplementation-attenuates-peripheral-chemoreflex-sensitivity-but-does-not-improve-cardiovagal-baroreflex-sensitivity-in-older-adults
#8
Joshua M Bock, Kenichi Ueda, Aaron C Schneider, William E Hughes, Jacqueline K Limberg, Nathan S Bryan, Darren P Casey
Aging is associated with increased peripheral chemoreceptor activity, reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, as well as attenuation of cardiovagal baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), collectively increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Evidence suggests NO may attenuate peripheral chemoreflex sensitivity and increase BRS. Exogenous inorganic nitrate increases NO bioavailability via the nitrate-nitrite-nitric oxide pathway. Our hypothesis was that inorganic nitrate supplementation would attenuate peripheral chemoreflex sensitivity and enhance spontaneous cardiovagal BRS in older adults...
September 29, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951435/anteroposterior-polarity-and-elongation-in-the-absence-of-extraembryonic-tissues-and-spatially-localised-signalling-in-gastruloids-mammalian-embryonic-organoids
#9
D A Turner, M Girgin, L Alonso-Crisostomo, V Trivedi, P Baillie-Johnson, C R Glodowski, P C Hayward, J Collignon, C Gustavsen, P Serup, B Steventon, M Lutolf, Arias A Martinez
The establishment of the anteroposterior (AP) axis is a critical step during animal embryo development. In mammals, genetic studies have shown that this process relies on signals spatiotemporally deployed in the extraembryonic tissues that locate the position of the head and the onset of gastrulation, marked by T/Brachyury (T/Bra) at the posterior of the embryo. Here, we use Gastruloids, mESC-based organoids, as a model system to study this process. We find that Gastruloids localise T/Bra expression to one end and undergo elongation similar to the posterior region of the embryo suggesting that they develop an AP axis...
September 26, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933995/identification-assessment-and-management-of-breast-oedema-after-treatment-for-cancer
#10
Marie Todd
Advances in breast cancer management, including breast-conserving surgery, have resulted in an increase in the incidence of breast oedema. However, this is addressed by professionals less often than arm lymphoedema. Breast oedema results in significant physical and psychological morbidity, makes finding a comfortably fitting bra very difficult, and can act as a reminder of the initial breast cancer diagnosis. Psychological difficulties can be compounded by clinicians' failure to acknowledge the impact. Assessing and managing breast oedema requires a sensitive, skilled approach to ensure all the relevant issues are identified and addressed in a comprehensive care plan; taking time to listen to patients and acknowledging the impact can be very therapeutic...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922321/-patient-reported-outcomes-following-breast-conservation-therapy-and-barriers-to-referral-for-partial-breast-reconstruction
#11
Sebastian Q Vrouwe, Ron B Somogyi, Laura Snell, Catherine McMillan, Danny Vesprini, Joan E Lipa
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the self-reported aesthetic outcome of breast conservation therapy (BCT) in a generalized sample of patients, and to describe potential barriers to referral for partial breast reconstruction. METHODS: Consecutive BCT patients completing radiotherapy over a one-year period at a regional cancer centre were identified. Eligible patients were contacted via mail/email and invited to participate. Participants completed the BREAST-Q BCT module along with a questionnaire examining feelings about breast reconstruction...
September 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911890/three-dimensional-imaging-an-important-factor-of-decision-in-breast-augmentation
#12
A de Runz, D Boccara, N Bertheuil, F Claudot, M Brix, E Simon
INTRODUCTION: Since the beginning of the 21st century, three-dimensional imaging systems have been used more often in plastic surgery, especially during preoperative planning for breast surgery and to simulate the postoperative appearance of the implant in the patient's body. The main objective of this study is to assess the patients' attitudes regarding 3D simulation for breast augmentation. METHOD: A study was conducted, which included women who were operated on for primary breast augmentation...
September 11, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792056/anthocyanins-in-black-rice-soybean-and-purple-corn-increase-fecal-butyric-acid-and-prevent-liver-inflammation-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#13
Tao Wu, Xueqi Guo, Min Zhang, Lu Yang, Rui Liu, Jinjin Yin
Epidemiological evidence indicates that anthocyanin consumption reduces the incidence of chronic and degenerative diseases. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether black rice anthocyanin (BRA), black soybean anthocyanin (BSA), and purple corn anthocyanin (PCA) could mitigate oxidative stress and inflammation associated obesity in C57BL/6 mice fed with a high-fat diet. BRA, BSA, or PCA was administered at doses of 200 mg kg(-1) throughout the 12-week experiment and reduced the bodyweight by 9...
September 20, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766199/a-patient-specific-3d-printed-form-accurately-transfers-supine-mri-derived-tumor-localization-information-to-guide-breast-conserving-surgery
#14
Richard J Barth, Venkataramanan Krishnaswamy, Keith D Paulsen, Timothy B Rooney, Wendy A Wells, Elizabeth Rizzo, Christina V Angeles, Jonathan D Marotti, Rebecca A Zuurbier, Candice C Black
BACKGROUND: Wire-localized excision of nonpalpable breast cancer is imprecise, resulting in positive margins 25-30% of the time. METHODS: Patients underwent preoperative supine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A radiologist outlined the tumor edges on consecutive images, creating a three-dimensional (3D) view of its location. Using 3D printing, a bra-like plastic form (the Breast Cancer Locator [BCL]) was fabricated, with features that allowed a surgeon to (1) mark the edges of the tumor on the breast surface; (2) inject blue dye into the breast 1 cm from the tumor edges; and (3) place a wire in the tumor at the time of surgery...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759591/genome-wide-diversity-and-differentiation-in-new-world-populations-of-the-human-malaria-parasite-plasmodium-vivax
#15
Thais C de Oliveira, Priscila T Rodrigues, Maria José Menezes, Raquel M Gonçalves-Lopes, Melissa S Bastos, Nathália F Lima, Susana Barbosa, Alexandra L Gerber, Guilherme Loss de Morais, Luisa Berná, Jody Phelan, Carlos Robello, Ana Tereza R de Vasconcelos, João Marcelo P Alves, Marcelo U Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The Americas were the last continent colonized by humans carrying malaria parasites. Plasmodium falciparum from the New World shows very little genetic diversity and greater linkage disequilibrium, compared with its African counterparts, and is clearly subdivided into local, highly divergent populations. However, limited available data have revealed extensive genetic diversity in American populations of another major human malaria parasite, P. vivax. METHODS: We used an improved sample preparation strategy and next-generation sequencing to characterize 9 high-quality P...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739443/sauna-exposure-immediately-prior-to-short-term-heat-acclimation-accelerates-phenotypic-adaptation-in-females
#16
Jessica A Mee, Sophie Peters, Jonathan H Doust, Neil S Maxwell
OBJECTIVES: Investigate whether a sauna exposure prior to short-term heat acclimation (HA) accelerates phenotypic adaptation in females. DESIGN: Randomised, repeated measures, cross-over trial. METHODS: Nine females performed two 5-d HA interventions (controlled hyperthermia Tre≥38.5°C), separated by 7-wk, during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle confirmed by plasma concentrations of 17-β estradiol and progesterone. Prior to each 90-min HA session participants sat for 20-min in either a temperate environment (20°C, 40% RH; HAtemp) wearing shorts and sports bra or a hot environment (50°C, 30% RH) wearing a sauna suit to replicate sauna conditions (HAsauna)...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718914/reduced-numbers-of-circulating-group-2-innate-lymphoid-cells-in-patients-with-common-variable-immunodeficiency
#17
Christoph B Geier, Sophie Kraupp, David Bra, Martha M Eibl, Jocelyn R Farmer, Krisztian Csomos, Jolan E Walter, Hermann M Wolf
Recent studies identified an emerging role of group 2 and 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) as key players in the generation of T-dependent and T-independent antibody production. In this retrospective case-control study, CD117(+) ILCs (including the majority of ILC2 and ILC3) were reduced in patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). The reduction in CD117(+) ILCs was distinctive to CVID and could not be observed in patients with X-linked agammaglobulinemia. Patients with a more pronounced reduction in CD117(+) ILC numbers showed significantly lower numbers of peripheral MZ-like B cells and an increased prevalence of chronic, non-infectious enteropathy...
November 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676449/associations-between-sociocultural-home-environmental-factors-and-vegetable-consumption-among-norwegian-3-5-year-olds-bra-study
#18
Anne Lene Kristiansen, Mona Bjelland, Anne Himberg-Sundet, Nanna Lien, Lene Frost Andersen
The home environment is the first environment to shape childhood dietary habits and food preferences, hence greater understanding of home environmental factors associated with vegetable consumption among young children is needed. The objective has been to examine questionnaire items developed to measure the sociocultural home environment of children focusing on vegetables and to assess the psychometric properties of the resulting factors. Further, to explore associations between the environmental factors and vegetable consumption among Norwegian 3-5 year olds...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673203/bra-band-size-measurements-derived-from-three-dimensional-scans-are-not-accurate-in-women-with-large-ptotic-breasts
#19
Deirdre E McGhee, Lauren Ramsay, Celeste E Coltman, Sheridan A Gho, Julie R Steele
This study investigated differences in standard measurements used to determine bra size, under-bust chest circumference (UBCC) and over-bust chest circumference (OBCC), measured from a three-dimensional scan (hand-held scanner) compared to the direct measurement in 111 women (age 21-56 years; right breast volume 57-1672 mL; bra size 10A-18G). Bland-Altman plots of UBCC measurements showed a large positive bias and wide limits of agreement (12 cm; -4.6 to 28 cm), which increased as band size increased but decreased when the breasts were digitally removed from the scan prior to the UBCC measurement...
July 3, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672143/synthesis-characterization-and-crystal-structures-of-two-pentagonal-bipyramidal-fe-iii-complexes-with-dihydrazone-of-2-6-diacetylpyridine-and-girard-s-t-reagent-anticancer-properties-of-various-metal-complexes-of-the-same-ligand
#20
Katarina Anđelković, Milica R Milenković, Andrej Pevec, Iztok Turel, Ivana Z Matić, Miroslava Vujčić, Dušan Sladić, Dušanka Radanović, Gabrijela Brađan, Svetlana Belošević, Božidar Čobeljić
In this work synthesis, characterization and crystal structures of two isothiocyanato Fe(III) complexes with 2,2'-[2,6-pyridinediylbis(ethylidyne-1-hydrazinyl-2-ylidene)]bis[N,N,N-trimethyl-2-oxoethanaminium] dichloride (H2LCl2) ligand, with composition [FeL(NCS)2]SCN·2H2O and [FeL(NCS)2]2[Fe(H2O)(NCS)5]·4H2O, has been reported. Both iron(III) complexes possess the same pentagonal-bipyramidal complex cation, while the nature of their anions depends on mole ratio of NH4SCN and FeCl3·6H2O used in reaction...
September 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
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