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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739443/sauna-exposure-immediately-prior-to-short-term-heat-acclimation-accelerates-phenotypic-adaptation-in-females
#1
Jessica A Mee, Sophie Peters, Jonathan H Doust, Neil S Maxwell
OBJECTIVES: Investigate whether a sauna exposure prior to short-term heat acclimation (HA) accelerates phenotypic adaptation in females. DESIGN: Randomised, repeated measures, cross-over trial. METHODS: Nine females performed two 5-d HA interventions (controlled hyperthermia Tre≥38.5°C), separated by 7-wk, during the follicular phase of the menstrual cycle confirmed by plasma concentrations of 17-β estradiol and progesterone. Prior to each 90-min HA session participants sat for 20-min in either a temperate environment (20°C, 40% RH; HAtemp) wearing shorts and sports bra or a hot environment (50°C, 30% RH) wearing a sauna suit to replicate sauna conditions (HAsauna)...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718914/reduced-numbers-of-circulating-group-2-innate-lymphoid-cells-in-patients-with-common-variable-immunodeficiency
#2
Christoph B Geier, Sophie Kraupp, David Bra, Martha M Eibl, Jocelyn R Farmer, Krisztian Csomos, Jolan E Walter, Hermann M Wolf
Recent studies identified an emerging role of group 2 and 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) as key players in the generation of T-dependent and T-independent antibody production. In this retrospective case-control study CD117(+) ILCs (including the majority of ILC2 and ILC3) were reduced in patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). The reduction in CD117(+) ILCs was distinctive to CVID and could not be observed in patients with X linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA). Patients with a more pronounced reduction in CD117(+) ILC numbers showed significantly lower numbers of peripheral MZ-like B cells and an increased prevalence of chronic, non-infectious enteropathy...
July 18, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676449/associations-between-sociocultural-home-environmental-factors-and-vegetable-consumption-among-norwegian-3-5-year-olds-bra-study
#3
Anne Lene Kristiansen, Mona Bjelland, Anne Himberg-Sundet, Nanna Lien, Lene Frost Andersen
The home environment is the first environment to shape childhood dietary habits and food preferences, hence greater understanding of home environmental factors associated with vegetable consumption among young children is needed. The objective has been to examine questionnaire items developed to measure the sociocultural home environment of children focusing on vegetables and to assess the psychometric properties of the resulting factors. Further, to explore associations between the environmental factors and vegetable consumption among Norwegian 3-5 year olds...
July 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673203/bra-band-size-measurements-derived-from-three-dimensional-scans-are-not-accurate-in-women-with-large-ptotic-breasts
#4
Deirdre E McGhee, Lauren Ramsay, Celeste E Coltman, Sheridan A Gho, Julie R Steele
This study investigated differences in standard measurements used to determine bra size, under-bust chest circumference (UBCC) and over-bust chest circumference (OBCC), measured from a three-dimensional scan (hand-held scanner) compared to the direct measurement in 111 women (age 21-56 years; right breast volume 57-1672 mL; bra size 10A-18G). Bland-Altman plots of UBCC measurements showed a large positive bias and wide limits of agreement (12 cm; -4.6 to 28 cm), which increased as band size increased but decreased when the breasts were digitally removed from the scan prior to the UBCC measurement...
July 3, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672143/synthesis-characterization-and-crystal-structures-of-two-pentagonal-bipyramidal-fe-iii-complexes-with-dihydrazone-of-2-6-diacetylpyridine-and-girard-s-t-reagent-anticancer-properties-of-various-metal-complexes-of-the-same-ligand
#5
Katarina Anđelković, Milica R Milenković, Andrej Pevec, Iztok Turel, Ivana Z Matić, Miroslava Vujčić, Dušan Sladić, Dušanka Radanović, Gabrijela Brađan, Svetlana Belošević, Božidar Čobeljić
In this work synthesis, characterization and crystal structures of two isothiocyanato Fe(III) complexes with 2,2'-[2,6-pyridinediylbis(ethylidyne-1-hydrazinyl-2-ylidene)]bis[N,N,N-trimethyl-2-oxoethanaminium] dichloride (H2LCl2) ligand, with composition [FeL(NCS)2]SCN·2H2O and [FeL(NCS)2]2[Fe(H2O)(NCS)5]·4H2O, has been reported. Both iron(III) complexes possess the same pentagonal-bipyramidal complex cation, while the nature of their anions depends on mole ratio of NH4SCN and FeCl3·6H2O used in reaction...
September 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642765/genome-wide-identification-of-ap2-erf-transcription-factors-in-cauliflower-and-expression-profiling-of-the-erf-family-under-salt-and-drought-stresses
#6
Hui Li, Yu Wang, Mei Wu, Lihong Li, Cong Li, Zhanpin Han, Jiye Yuan, Chengbin Chen, Wenqin Song, Chunguo Wang
The AP2/ERF transcription factors (TFs) comprise one of the largest gene superfamilies in plants. These TFs perform vital roles in plant growth, development, and responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. In this study, 171 AP2/ERF TFs were identified in cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis), one of the most important horticultural crops in Brassica. Among these TFs, 15, 9, and 1 TFs were classified into the AP2, RAV, and Soloist family, respectively. The other 146 TFs belong to ERF family, which were further divided into the ERF and DREB subfamilies...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594079/development-of-the-breast-immobilization-system-in-prone-setup-the-effect-of-bra-in-prone-position-to-improve-the-breast-setup-error
#7
Mariko Kawamura, Yoshikazu Maeda, Kazutaka Yamamoto, Shigeyuki Takamatsu, Yoshitaka Sato, Hiroki Minami, Yusuke Saga, Kyo Kume, Yuji Tameshige, Makoto Sasaki, Hiroyasu Tamamura, Kouji Ohta, Yoshiyuki Itoh, Shinji Naganawa
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Accurate and reproducible positioning of the breast is difficult due to its deformability and softness; thus, targeting a breast tumor or tumor bed with fractionated radiotherapy using external beam radiation is difficult. The aim of this study was to develop a novel bra to aid in breast immobilization in the prone position. MATERIALS & METHODS: To assess the accuracy of prone position fixation of breast tumors, 33 breast cancer patients with 34 lesions were recruited...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539245/external-validation-of-the-breast-reconstruction-risk-assessment-calculator
#8
Nima Khavanin, Cecil S Qiu, Alexei S Mlodinow, Michael M Vu, Robert G Dorfman, Neil A Fine, John Y S Kim
INTRODUCTION: The Breast reconstruction Risk Assessment (BRA) Score estimates patient-specific risk for postsurgical complications using an individual's unique combination of preoperative variables. In this report, we externally validate the BRA Score models for surgical site infection, seroma, and explantation in a large sample of intra-institutional patients who underwent prosthetic breast reconstruction. METHODS: We reviewed all initiated tissue expander/implant reconstructions by the senior authors from January 2004 to December 2015...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532249/breast-volume-is-affected-by-body-mass-index-but-not-age
#9
Celeste E Coltman, Julie R Steele, Deirdre E McGhee
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to establish normative breast volume data for women of varying ages, body masses and breast sizes, and to determine the effect of age and body mass index (BMI) on breast volume. METHODS: The breast volume of 356 women (age range: 18.1-83.7 years; BMI range: 18.4-54.5 kg/m²) was measured using three-dimensional scanning in a prone position. RESULTS: Breast volumes ranged from 48 to 3100 mL. Although breast volume was not significantly affected by age, it was significantly affected by BMI, with the breast volume of overweight and obese women being two-to-three times greater than women with normal BMI's...
June 9, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445356/what-is-the-standard-volume-to-increase-a-cup-size-for-breast-augmentation-surgery-a-novel-three-dimensional-computed-tomographic-approach
#10
Nina-Marie King, Vedran Lovric, William C H Parr, W R Walsh, Pouria Moradi
BACKGROUND: Breast augmentation surgery poses many challenges, and meeting the patient's expectations is one of the most important. Previous reports equate 100 cc to a one-cup-size increase; however, no studies have confirmed this between commercially available bras. The aim of this study was to identify the volume increase between cup sizes across different brands and the relationship with implant selection. METHODS: Five bra cup sizes from three different companies were analyzed for their volume capacity...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445351/breast-cancer-and-reconstruction-normative-data-for-interpreting-the-breast-q
#11
Lily R Mundy, Karen Homa, Anne F Klassen, Andrea L Pusic, Carolyn L Kerrigan
BACKGROUND: The BREAST-Q is a patient-reported outcome instrument used to evaluate outcomes in patients undergoing breast cancer surgery and reconstruction. Normative values for the BREAST-Q breast cancer modules have not been established, limiting data interpretation. METHODS: Participants were recruited by means of the Army of Women, an online community of women (with and without breast cancer), to complete Mastectomy, Breast Conserving Therapy, and Reconstruction preoperative BREAST-Q scales...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371964/tips-and-tricks-to-improve-clinical-and-aesthetic-outcomes-in-latissimus-dorsi-flap-breast-reconstruction
#12
Rosaria Laporta, Michail Sorotos, Benedetto Longo, Fabio Santanelli di Pompeo
Background The aim of this study is to present technical strategies to decrease donor-site complications, to optimize breast shaping, and to achieve symmetry in one-stage procedure in latissimus dorsi (LD) flap reconstruction. Methods Between 2004 and 2014, a retrospective review was performed on LD flap reconstructions. Demographics, reconstructive details, clinical, and aesthetic outcomes were collected and analyzed. Patients were divided in historical control group (HCG) and new strategy group (NSG)...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350657/normative-data-for-interpreting-the-breast-q-augmentation
#13
Lily R Mundy, Karen Homa, Anne F Klassen, Andrea L Pusic, Carolyn L Kerrigan
BACKGROUND: The BREAST-Q is a rigorously developed, well-validated, patient-reported outcome instrument with a module designed for evaluating breast augmentation outcomes. However, there are no published normative BREAST-Q scores, limiting interpretation. METHODS: Normative data were generated for the BREAST-Q Augmentation module by means of the Army of Women, an online community of women (with and without breast cancer) engaged in breast-cancer related research...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350653/understanding-the-health-burden-of-macromastia-normative-data-for-the-breast-q-reduction-module
#14
Lily R Mundy, Karen Homa, Anne F Klassen, Andrea L Pusic, Carolyn L Kerrigan
BACKGROUND: The BREAST-Q Reduction module evaluates outcomes in reduction mammaplasty. However, there are currently no published normative scores, limiting the interpretation of BREAST-Q data. METHODS: The BREAST-Q Reduction module was administered via the Army of Women, an online community of women (with and without breast cancer) engaged in breast-cancer related research. Normative data were generated from women aged 18 years and older, without a history of breast cancer or breast surgery...
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333359/cryolipolysis-for-nonsurgical-reduction-of-fat-in-the-lateral-chest-wall-post-mastectomy
#15
Jennifer L Harrington, Peter J Capizzi
Background: Many patients that have undergone mastectomy surgery are left with residual lateral fat under the arm. While the fat may be associated with pain and cause undesirable bulges in clothing and skin irritation, most post-mastectomy patients are not interested in additional surgery. Objectives: Cryolipolysis is a nonsurgical procedure for fat reduction. The procedure is typically performed for aesthetic improvement in the abdomen, thighs, and flanks, but cryolipolysis was explored in this study for reconstructive purposes...
June 1, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333211/glutathione-affects-the-transport-activity-of-rhizobium-leguminosarum-3841-and-is-essential-for-efficient-nodulation
#16
Guojun Cheng, Ramakrishnan Karunakaran, Alison K East, Olaya Munoz-Azcarate, Philip S Poole
As glutathione (GSH) plays an essential role in growth and symbiotic capacity of rhizobia, a glutathione synthetase (gshB) mutant of Rhizobium leguminosarum biovar viciae 3841 (Rlv3841) was characterised. It fails to efficiently utilise various compounds as a sole carbon source, including glucose, succinate, glutamine and histidine, and shows 60-69% reduction in uptake rates of glucose, succinate and the non-metabolisable substrate α-amino isobutyric acid (AIB). The defect in glucose uptake can be overcome by addition of exogenous GSH, indicating GSH, but not its bacterial synthesis, is required for efficient transport...
February 23, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329675/trimethylation-and-acetylation-of-%C3%AE-catenin-at-lysine-49-represent-key-elements-in-esc-pluripotency
#17
Katrin Hoffmeyer, Dirk Junghans, Benoit Kanzler, Rolf Kemler
Wnt/β-catenin signaling is required for embryonic stem cell (ESC) pluripotency by inducing mesodermal differentiation and inhibiting neuronal differentiation; however, how β-catenin counter-regulates these differentiation pathways is unknown. Here, we show that lysine 49 (K49) of β-catenin is trimethylated (β-catMe3) by Ezh2 or acetylated (β-catAc) by Cbp. Significantly, β-catMe3 acts as a transcriptional co-repressor of the neuronal differentiation genes sox1 and sox3, whereas β-catAc acts as a transcriptional co-activator of the key mesodermal differentiation gene t-brachyury (t-bra)...
March 21, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195894/breast-reconstruction-using-pedicled-latissimus-dorsi-myocutaneous-flaps-in-asian-patients-with-small-breasts
#18
I-Han Chiang, Chih-Hsin Wang, Yuan-Sheng Tzeng, Hao-Yu Chiao, Chang-Yi Chou, Chi-Yu Wang, Tim-Mo Chen, Shyi-Gen Chen
BACKGROUND: The use of implants is still the most common procedure for breast reconstruction because they are easy, less painful than tissue transplants, and do not need a donor site. However, it is challenging to find a suitable implant for patients with small breasts, and some women fear foreign bodies and possible complications or reoperations. Autologous breast reconstruction using the pedicled latissimus dorsi (LD) myocutaneous flap without an implant provides a good option for Asian women with small breasts...
March 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156595/scrambler-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-post-mastectomy-pain-cpmp-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#19
Charles L Loprinzi, Andrea L Cheville
253 Background: cPMP is chronic pain in the front thorax, axilla, and/or upper half of the arm beginning after mastectomy or lumpectomy persisting > 3 months after treatment and presents with pain, allodynia and disability. cPMP occurs in half of all patients with breast cancer and is severe in 13% (Gartner R JAMA 2009). Epidural bupivacaine, memantine, gabapentin or venlafaxine may help prevent cPMP, but there are no established proven treatments. (Shen J, Up to Date 2016) Scrambler therapy (ST) is an FDA-cleared treatment for neuropathic pain supported by multiple trials in over 800 patients with cancer pain, chemotherapy induced neuropathic pain, back pain, and post herpetic neuropathy (PHN)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145166/new-bra-promotes-wound-healing-and-helps-prevent-infection-after-surgery
#20
(no author information available yet)
Specialist nurses have created a new bra to promote wound healing in women who have had heart surgery.
February 1, 2017: Nursing Standard
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