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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218286/experience-of-breast-augmentation-in-pakistani-females
#1
Muhammad Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Breast augmentation is an elective surgery used to increase the size of the breast in females. This study was undertaken to determine the breast augmentation in Pakistani females. METHODS: From 2006 to 2011, 43 female patients who underwent breast augmentation via infra-mammary, periareolar, trans-umbilical and fat transfer were enrolled. For augmentation, saline-filled or gel-filled implants were used in the supine position under general anesthesia and local infiltration of adrenaline (1:100,000 dilution) on each side...
September 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196837/protective-effect-of-aspirin-treatment-on-mouse-behavior-in-the-acute-phase-of-experimental-infection-with-trypanosoma-cruzi
#2
Arturo Silvero-Isidre, Sergio Morínigo-Guayuán, Aaron Meza-Ojeda, Marcelo Mongelós-Cardozo, Claudia Centurión-Wenninger, Susy Figueredo-Thiel, Diego F Sanchez, Nidia Acosta
Chagas disease is a potentially fatal disease caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, which can in some cases affect the central nervous system. The objective was to evaluate the effect of aspirin (ASA) in the behavior of mice infected with T. cruzi during the acute phase. This was an experimental study with random assignation. Twenty four BALB/c mice were divided into four groups of six animals each as follows: only ASA (OA), ASA before infection (BI), ASA after infection (AI) and only infection (OI). The strain used for infection was M/HOM/Bra/53/Y...
December 1, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187315/molecular-characterization-of-a-human-g20p-28-rotavirus-a-strain-with-multiple-genes-related-to-bat-rotaviruses
#3
Mathew D Esona, Sunando Roy, Kunchala Rungsrisuriyachai, Rashi Gautam, Sandra Hermelijn, Gloria Rey-Benito, Michael D Bowen
Group A rotaviruses are the major cause of severe gastroenteritis in the young of mammals and birds. This report describes characterization of an unusual G20P[28] rotavirus strain detected in a 24month old child from Suriname. Genomic sequence analyses revealed that the genotype constellation of the Suriname strain RVA/Human-wt/SUR/2014735512/2013/G20P[28] was G20-P[28]-I13-R13-C13-M12-A23-N13-T15-E20-H15. Genes VP1, VP2, VP3, NSP1, NSP2, NSP3, NSP4 and NSP5 were recently assigned novel genotypes by the Rotavirus Classification Working Group (RCWG)...
November 26, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186268/quality-of-life-in-men-diagnosed-with-anogenital-warts
#4
Caio Cavassan de Camargo, Maria Paula Barbieri D'Elia, Helio Amante Miot
Anogenital warts are a worldwide public health problem. They consist of epithelial proliferations caused by HPV, whose transmission occurs mainly through sexual intercourse. In this study, we evaluated their impact on the quality of life of adult males. We interviewed 88 men in an outpatient clinic for sexually transmitted diseases at a Brazilian public institution, using the DLQI-BRA questionnaire. Most patients (81%) presented mild or no impairment of quality of life. The main dimensions affected were sex life, symptoms, and embarrassment...
May 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165635/breast-development-in-transwomen-after-one-year-of-cross-sex-hormone-therapy-results-of-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#5
Christel Josefa Maria de Blok, Maartje Klaver, Chantal Maria Wiepjes, Nienke Marije Nota, Annemieke Corine Heijboer, Alessandra Daphne Fisher, Thomas Schreiner, Guy T'Sjoen, Martin den Heijer
Context: Breast development is a key feature of feminization and therefore important to transwomen (male-to-female transgender persons). However, it is not exactly known when breast development starts after initiating cross-sex hormone therapy (CHT) and how much growth may be expected of CHT alone. Objective: To investigate breast development in centimeters and bra cup-sizes in transwomen during their first year of CHT, and whether clinical or laboratory parameters predict the breast development...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160541/eyelid-fissure-dimensions-in-japanese-and-in-brazilians-of-european-descent-over-50-years-of-age
#6
Magda Massae Hata Viveiros, Olívia Matai, Rodrigo Ueno Takahagi, Carlos Roberto Padovani, Silvana Artioli Schellini
PURPOSE: To investigate differences in the palpebral fissure eyelid position in Japanese subjects and in Brazilian subjects of European descent over 50 years of age. METHODS: A cross-sectional study evaluating 50 Japanese subjects and 50 Bra---zilian subjects of European descent over 50 years of age was performed to evaluate the effect of aging on eyelid position. Digital photographs were taken with the eyes in the primary position and transferred to a computer to be processed by Scion imaging software for evaluation of palpebral fissure width, height, and margin reflex distance (MRD)...
September 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148284/iodine-infused-aeration-for-hull-fouling-prevention-a-vessel-scale-study
#7
Natasha C Dickenson, Jason S Krumholz, Kelli Z Hunsucker, Michael Radicone
Biofouling is a significant economic and ecological problem, causing reduced vessel performance and increases in fuel consumption and emissions. Previous research has shown iodine vapor (I2)-infused aeration to be an environmentally friendly method for deterring the settlement of fouling organisms. An aeration system was deployed on a vessel with hull sections coated with two types of antifoulant coatings, Intersleek® 1100 (fouling-release) and Interspeed® BRA-640 (ablative copper biocide), as well as an inert epoxy barrier coating, to assess the effectiveness of aeration in conjunction with common marine coatings...
November 17, 2017: Biofouling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116657/international-validation-of-the-european-organisation-for-research-and-treatment-of-cancer-qlq-brecon23-quality-of-life-questionnaire-for-women-undergoing-breast-reconstruction
#8
Z E Winters, M Afzal, C Rutherford, B Holzner, G Rumpold, R A da Costa Vieira, S Hartup, K Flitcroft, V Bjelic-Radisic, A Oberguggenberger, M Panouilleres, M Mani, G Catanuto, M Douek, J Kokan, P Sinai, M T King
BACKGROUND: The aim was to carry out phase 4 international field-testing of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) breast reconstruction (BRECON) module. The primary objective was finalization of its scale structure. Secondary objectives were evaluation of its reliability, validity, responsiveness, acceptability and interpretability in patients with breast cancer undergoing mastectomy and reconstruction. METHODS: The EORTC module development guidelines were followed...
November 8, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066383/the-origins-of-the-british-neuroscience-association
#9
Edward H Reynolds
I describe the origins of the British Neuroscience Association (BNA) based on new documents which I have discovered. The foundation of the Brain Research Association (BRA) on February 23rd 1968 was influenced by IBRO, notably its two UK Council members, and by many UK neuroscientists, especially the London-based Black Horse Group. The BRA changed its name to the BNA in 1996. The documents are in the Wellcome Trust Archives.
October 21, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048795/-determination-of-residual-toluene-diisocyanate-in-sponge-bra-by-gas-chromatography
#10
Aixia Wang, Ping Ye, Nan Huang, Yan Chen, Xinggen Li
A gas chromatography (GC) with internal standard method was developed for the determination of residual toluene diisocyanate (TDI) in sponge bra. The samples were extracted with ethyl acetate dehydrated, and cleaned up with 0.22 μm microfiltration membrane. The residual toluene diisocyanate was separated on a DB-624 capillary column using temperature programming. The flame ionization detector (FID) was used at 250 ℃. The inlet temperature was 180 ℃ with nitrogen as carrier gas. The linear range was 10-200 mg/L (R(2)=0...
June 8, 2017: Se Pu, Chinese Journal of Chromatography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044364/outcome-after-breast-reduction-considering-body-mass-index-and-resection-amount
#11
Mehmet Bayramiçli, Hakan Sirinoglu, Dogus Yalçin
Background: It is presumed that breast reduction improves patients' quality of life and promotes weight loss. Preoperative body mass index (BMI) and the amount of breast tissue (breast reduction amount [BRA]) in proportion to the patient's body weight are important variables to affect the breast reduction outcome. Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the short and long-term effects of breast reduction from the perspective of BMI and BRA. Methods: One hundred fifty-seven consecutive patients were invited to participate in the study...
October 16, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039149/mastalgia-and-associated-factors-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Deniz Koçoğlu, Serife Kurşun, Belgin Akın, Kamile Altuntug
OBJECTIVES: Mastalgia is a common and painful experience among women. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of breast pain, characteristics of the pain, and factors associated with breast pain, particularly those that can be changed. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised women aged from 18 to 65 years. In total, 752 women were included. Risk factors for breast pain were determined using logistic regression analysis with the entry model, and the risk factors for periodic and non-periodic breast pain were assessed using logistic regression analysis with the backward model...
July 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016540/deoxycholic-acid-injections-for-bra-line-lipolysis
#13
S Manjula Jegasothy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971842/inorganic-nitrate-supplementation-attenuates-peripheral-chemoreflex-sensitivity-but-does-not-improve-cardiovagal-baroreflex-sensitivity-in-older-adults
#14
Joshua M Bock, Kenichi Ueda, Aaron C Schneider, William E Hughes, Jacqueline K Limberg, Nathan S Bryan, Darren P Casey
Aging is associated with increased peripheral chemoreceptor activity, reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability, as well as attenuation of cardiovagal baroreflex sensitivity (BRS), collectively increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Evidence suggests NO may attenuate peripheral chemoreflex sensitivity and increase BRS. Exogenous inorganic nitrate increases NO bioavailability via the nitrate-nitrite-nitric oxide pathway. Our hypothesis was that inorganic nitrate supplementation would attenuate peripheral chemoreflex sensitivity and enhance spontaneous cardiovagal BRS in older adults...
September 29, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951435/anteroposterior-polarity-and-elongation-in-the-absence-of-extraembryonic-tissues-and-spatially-localised-signalling-in-gastruloids-mammalian-embryonic-organoids
#15
D A Turner, M Girgin, L Alonso-Crisostomo, V Trivedi, P Baillie-Johnson, C R Glodowski, P C Hayward, J Collignon, C Gustavsen, P Serup, B Steventon, M Lutolf, Arias A Martinez
The establishment of the anteroposterior (AP) axis is a critical step during animal embryo development. In mammals, genetic studies have shown that this process relies on signals spatiotemporally deployed in the extraembryonic tissues that locate the position of the head and the onset of gastrulation, marked by T/Brachyury (T/Bra) at the posterior of the embryo. Here, we use Gastruloids, mESC-based organoids, as a model system to study this process. We find that Gastruloids localise T/Bra expression to one end and undergo elongation similar to the posterior region of the embryo suggesting that they develop an AP axis...
September 26, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933995/identification-assessment-and-management-of-breast-oedema-after-treatment-for-cancer
#16
Marie Todd
Advances in breast cancer management, including breast-conserving surgery, have resulted in an increase in the incidence of breast oedema. However, this is addressed by professionals less often than arm lymphoedema. Breast oedema results in significant physical and psychological morbidity, makes finding a comfortably fitting bra very difficult, and can act as a reminder of the initial breast cancer diagnosis. Psychological difficulties can be compounded by clinicians' failure to acknowledge the impact. Assessing and managing breast oedema requires a sensitive, skilled approach to ensure all the relevant issues are identified and addressed in a comprehensive care plan; taking time to listen to patients and acknowledging the impact can be very therapeutic...
September 2, 2017: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922321/-patient-reported-outcomes-following-breast-conservation-therapy-and-barriers-to-referral-for-partial-breast-reconstruction
#17
Sebastian Q Vrouwe, Ron B Somogyi, Laura Snell, Catherine McMillan, Danny Vesprini, Joan E Lipa
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the self-reported aesthetic outcome of breast conservation therapy (BCT) in a generalized sample of patients, and to describe potential barriers to referral for partial breast reconstruction. METHODS: Consecutive BCT patients completing radiotherapy over a one-year period at a regional cancer centre were identified. Eligible patients were contacted via mail/email and invited to participate. Participants completed the BREAST-Q BCT module along with a questionnaire examining feelings about breast reconstruction...
September 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911890/three-dimensional-imaging-an-important-factor-of-decision-in-breast-augmentation
#18
A de Runz, D Boccara, N Bertheuil, F Claudot, M Brix, E Simon
INTRODUCTION: Since the beginning of the 21st century, three-dimensional imaging systems have been used more often in plastic surgery, especially during preoperative planning for breast surgery and to simulate the postoperative appearance of the implant in the patient's body. The main objective of this study is to assess the patients' attitudes regarding 3D simulation for breast augmentation. METHOD: A study was conducted, which included women who were operated on for primary breast augmentation...
September 11, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792056/anthocyanins-in-black-rice-soybean-and-purple-corn-increase-fecal-butyric-acid-and-prevent-liver-inflammation-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-mice
#19
Tao Wu, Xueqi Guo, Min Zhang, Lu Yang, Rui Liu, Jinjin Yin
Epidemiological evidence indicates that anthocyanin consumption reduces the incidence of chronic and degenerative diseases. Therefore, the present study aimed to determine whether black rice anthocyanin (BRA), black soybean anthocyanin (BSA), and purple corn anthocyanin (PCA) could mitigate oxidative stress and inflammation associated obesity in C57BL/6 mice fed with a high-fat diet. BRA, BSA, or PCA was administered at doses of 200 mg kg(-1) throughout the 12-week experiment and reduced the bodyweight by 9...
September 20, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766199/a-patient-specific-3d-printed-form-accurately-transfers-supine-mri-derived-tumor-localization-information-to-guide-breast-conserving-surgery
#20
Richard J Barth, Venkataramanan Krishnaswamy, Keith D Paulsen, Timothy B Rooney, Wendy A Wells, Elizabeth Rizzo, Christina V Angeles, Jonathan D Marotti, Rebecca A Zuurbier, Candice C Black
BACKGROUND: Wire-localized excision of nonpalpable breast cancer is imprecise, resulting in positive margins 25-30% of the time. METHODS: Patients underwent preoperative supine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A radiologist outlined the tumor edges on consecutive images, creating a three-dimensional (3D) view of its location. Using 3D printing, a bra-like plastic form (the Breast Cancer Locator [BCL]) was fabricated, with features that allowed a surgeon to (1) mark the edges of the tumor on the breast surface; (2) inject blue dye into the breast 1 cm from the tumor edges; and (3) place a wire in the tumor at the time of surgery...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
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