keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Arbitration

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128659/on-line-confidence-monitoring-during-decision-making
#1
Dror Dotan, Florent Meyniel, Stanislas Dehaene
Humans can readily assess their degree of confidence in their decisions. Two models of confidence computation have been proposed: post hoc computation using post-decision variables and heuristics, versus online computation using continuous assessment of evidence throughout the decision-making process. Here, we arbitrate between these theories by continuously monitoring finger movements during a manual sequential decision-making task. Analysis of finger kinematics indicated that subjects kept separate online records of evidence and confidence: finger deviation continuously reflected the ongoing accumulation of evidence, whereas finger speed continuously reflected the momentary degree of confidence...
November 9, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122139/role-of-exercise-testing-in-hypertrophic%C3%A2-cardiomyopathy
#2
REVIEW
Ethan J Rowin, Barry J Maron, Iacopo Olivotto, Martin S Maron
Over the last 25 years, patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) have been studied with a variety of methods employing physiological exercise that have made major contributions to disease management and are performed without increased risk. Previously under-utilized in HCM, exercise (stress) echocardiography has become incorporated into the standard clinical assessment and diagnostic armamentarium of HCM using upright or supine symptom-limited treadmill or bicycle modalities. In patients without outflow gradients at rest, exercise echocardiography is the most appropriate method for provoking obstruction, with the capability of predicting future development of progressive heart failure symptoms, and differentiating patients with provocable obstruction from those without obstruction, with major implications for dictating treatment options, that is, surgical myectomy (alternatively, alcohol septal ablation) versus heart transplant...
November 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108143/medical-malpractice-web-advertising-a-qualitative-cross-sectional-analysis-of-plaintiff-medical-malpractice-firms-in-suffolk-county-massachusetts
#3
Comeron W Ghobadi, Ofelya Gevorgyan, Caroline E Bednarski, Emily L Hayman, Jessica R Walter, Shuai Xu
Medical malpractice plaintiff firms play a central role in the prosecution of malpractice claims. There have been limited studies on the online advertising practices of plaintiff medical malpractice firms. The Martindale-Hubbell directory was used to identify all plaintiff medical malpractice firms in Suffolk County, Massachusetts. Each firm's website was individually mined for relevant data. Thirty-one unique medical malpractice law firms were identified. Seventy-seven percent of law firms advertised awards with the Martindale-Hubbell AV rating, AVVO, and Super Lawyer being the three most common...
2017: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107551/caudate-microstimulation-increases-value-of-specific-choices
#4
Samantha R Santacruz, Erin L Rich, Joni D Wallis, Jose M Carmena
Value-based decision-making involves an assessment of the value of items available and the actions required to obtain them. The basal ganglia are highly implicated in action selection and goal-directed behavior [1-4], and the striatum in particular plays a critical role in arbitrating between competing choices [5-9]. Previous work has demonstrated that neural activity in the caudate nucleus is modulated by task-relevant action values [6, 8]. Nonetheless, how value is represented and maintained in the striatum remains unclear since decision-making in these tasks relied on spatially lateralized responses, confounding the ability to generalize to a more abstract choice task [6, 8, 9]...
November 6, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099473/a-study-of-interpersonal-conflict-among-operating-room-nurses
#5
Tsui-Fen Chang, Chung-Kuang Chen, Ming-Jia Chen
BACKGROUND: Team collaboration is an important factor that affects the performance of the operating room (OR). Therefore, the ability of OR nurses to adapt to and manage interpersonal conflict incidents properly is very important. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to investigate the interpersonal conflict management capabilities of OR nursing staffs and to find the relationships among the demographics of OR nurses and the following: work-related variables, interpersonal conflict management style, and target of interpersonal conflict...
December 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097727/implementation-of-controlled-quantum-teleportation-with-an-arbitrator-for-secure-quantum-channels-via-quantum-dots-inside-optical-cavities
#6
Jino Heo, Chang-Ho Hong, Min-Sung Kang, Hyeon Yang, Hyung-Jin Yang, Jong-Phil Hong, Seong-Gon Choi
We propose a controlled quantum teleportation scheme to teleport an unknown state based on the interactions between flying photons and quantum dots (QDs) confined within single- and double-sided cavities. In our scheme, users (Alice and Bob) can teleport the unknown state through a secure entanglement channel under the control and distribution of an arbitrator (Trent). For construction of the entanglement channel, Trent utilizes the interactions between two photons and the QD-cavity system, which consists of a charged QD (negatively charged exciton) inside a single-sided cavity...
November 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075233/genes-gender-hormones-and-doping-in-sport-a-convoluted-tale
#7
Alan D Rogol, Lindsay Parks Pieper
We are writing this piece in the aftermath of the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Each of the words in the title plays a role(s) in deciding who may compete, especially who may compete as a woman. We shall be careful to disentangle the issues of genes and gender from hormonal levels of the potent androgen testosterone, and very clearly demarcate these natural occurrences from those of doping, for which the World Anti-Doping Agency has established strict guidelines. These elements became conflated in the aftermath of the Court of Arbitration of Sport's decision, now more than 2 years ago, concerning the teenage Indian sprinter, Dutee Chand...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064459/mlcaf-multi-level-cross-domain-semantic-context-fusioning-for-behavior-identification
#8
Muhammad Asif Razzaq, Claudia Villalonga, Sungyoung Lee, Usman Akhtar, Maqbool Ali, Eun-Soo Kim, Asad Masood Khattak, Hyonwoo Seung, Taeho Hur, Jaehun Bang, Dohyeong Kim, Wajahat Ali Khan
The emerging research on automatic identification of user's contexts from the cross-domain environment in ubiquitous and pervasive computing systems has proved to be successful. Monitoring the diversified user's contexts and behaviors can help in controlling lifestyle associated to chronic diseases using context-aware applications. However, availability of cross-domain heterogeneous contexts provides a challenging opportunity for their fusion to obtain abstract information for further analysis. This work demonstrates extension of our previous work from a single domain (i...
October 24, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041137/monitoring-of-continuous-variable-quantum-key-distribution-system-in-real-environment
#9
Weiqi Liu, Jinye Peng, Peng Huang, Duan Huang, Guihua Zeng
How to guarantee the practical security of continuous-variable quantum key distribution (CVQKD) system has been an important issue in the quantum cryptography applications. In contrast to the previous practical security strategies, which focus on the intercept-resend attack or the Gaussian attack, we investigate the practical security strategy based on a general attack, i.e., an arbitrated individual attack or collective attack on the system by Eve in this paper. The low bound of intensity disturbance of the local oscillator signal for eavesdropper successfully concealing herself is obtained, considering all noises can be used by Eve in the practical environment...
August 7, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037089/patient-reported-outcomes-in-nephrolithiasis-can-we-do-better
#10
Jonathan S Ellison, Marc Williams, Francis X Keeley
PURPOSE: Nephrolithiasis contributes significantly to the worldwide healthcare burden. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are widely recognized as important outcome measures for patient-centered care. We sought to summarize what is currently known about PROMs in urinary stone disease and to characterize use of PROMs in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for nephrolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with nephrolithiasis is reviewed...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025833/prevalence-and-incidence-of-hypertension-in-the-global-hiv-infected-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-protocol
#11
Jean Joel Bigna, Aurel T Tankeu, Arnaud D Kaze, Jean Jacques Noubiap, Jobert Richie Nansseu
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension, representing one of the most frequent cardiovascular risk factors, is thought to increase in individuals living with HIV as well as in general population, but summarised global data on the topic are scarce. We conduct this systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the prevalence/incidence of hypertension in the global HIV-infected population. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This review will include observational studies conducted among HIV-infected people, which reported prevalence/incidence of hypertension or enough data for its appraisal...
October 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017562/contextual-tumor-suppressor-function-of-t-cell-death-associated-gene-8-tdag8-in-hematological-malignancies
#12
Calvin R Justus, Edward J Sanderlin, Lixue Dong, Tianai Sun, Jen-Tsan Chi, Kvin Lertpiriyapong, Li V Yang
BACKGROUND: Extracellular acidosis is a condition found within the tumor microenvironment due to inadequate blood perfusion, hypoxia, and altered tumor cell metabolism. Acidosis has pleiotropic effects on malignant progression; therefore it is essential to understand how acidosis exerts its diverse effects. TDAG8 is a proton-sensing G-protein-coupled receptor that can be activated by extracellular acidosis. METHODS: TDAG8 gene expression was analyzed by bioinformatic analyses and quantitative RT-PCR in human hematological malignancies...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982974/protein-kinase-a-induced-internalization-of-slack-channels-from-the-neuronal-membrane-occurs-by-adaptor-protein-2-clathrin-mediated-endocytosis
#13
Sushmitha Gururaj, Katherine M Evely, Kerri D Pryce, Jun Li, Jun Qu, Arin Bhattacharjee
The sodium-activated potassium (KNa) channel Kcnt1 (Slack) is abundantly expressed in nociceptor (pain sending) neurons of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG), where they transmit the large outward conductance IKNa and arbitrate membrane excitability. Slack channel expression at the DRG membrane is necessary for their characteristic firing accommodation during maintained stimulation, and reduced membrane channel density causes hyperexcitability. We have previously shown that in a pro-inflammatory state, a decrease in membrane channel expression leading to reduced Slack-mediated IKNa expression underlies DRG sensitization...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978696/should-a-few-null-findings-falsify-prefrontal-theories-of-conscious-perception
#14
REVIEW
Brian Odegaard, Robert T Knight, Hakwan Lau
Is activity in prefrontal cortex (PFC) critical for conscious perception? Major theories of consciousness make distinct predictions about the role of PFC, providing an opportunity to arbitrate between these views empirically. Here we address three common misconceptions: (1) PFC lesions do not affect subjective perception; (2) PFC activity does not reflect specific perceptual content; and (3) PFC involvement in studies of perceptual awareness is solely driven by the need to make reports required by the experimental tasks rather than subjective experience per se...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958119/-comment-on-the-article-arbitration-processes-after-mammary-augmentation-plasties-analysis-of-procedures-with-medical-malpractice-and-litigation-at-the-north-german-arbitration-board
#15
Raymund E Horch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958117/-does-the-hand-solely-belong-in-the-hands-of-a-qualified-hand-surgeon
#16
Asim Güven, Kerstin Kols, Klaus Fischer, Michael Schönberger, Sixtus Allert
Background In Germany, Hand Surgery is an additional qualification that can only be obtained by a three-year training after a completed residency in General Surgery, Plastic Surgery or Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery. Nevertheless, injuries and diseases of the hand are also treated by physicians without this particular qualification. It is questionable whether these treatments more often lead to medical malpractice. Material and Methods 376 charges of medical malpractice in surgical treatments of the hand and forearm that were closed in 2014 and 2015 were collected by the Arbitration Board for Medical Liability Issues of the Medical Association of North Germany...
September 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933871/neuropsychology-and-cognitive-neuroscience-in-the-fmri-era-a-recapitulation-of-localizationist-and-connectionist-views
#17
Matthew J Sutterer, Daniel Tranel
OBJECTIVE: We highlight the past 25 years of cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology, focusing on the impact to the field of the introduction in 1992 of functional MRI (fMRI). METHOD: We reviewed the past 25 years of literature in cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology, focusing on the relation and interplay of fMRI studies and studies utilizing the "lesion method" in human participants with focal brain damage. RESULTS: Our review highlights the state of localist/connectionist research debates in cognitive neuroscience and neuropsychology circa 1992, and details how the introduction of fMRI into the field at that time catalyzed a new wave of efforts to map complex human behavior to specific brain regions...
September 21, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930660/the-irf4-gene-regulatory-module-functions-as-a-read-write-integrator-to-dynamically-coordinate-t%C3%A2-helper-cell-fate
#18
Veena Krishnamoorthy, Sunil Kannanganat, Mark Maienschein-Cline, Sarah L Cook, Jianjun Chen, Neil Bahroos, Evelyn Sievert, Emily Corse, Anita Chong, Roger Sciammas
Transcriptional regulation during CD4(+) T cell fate decisions enables their differentiation into distinct states, guiding immune responses toward antibody production via Tfh cells or inflammation by Teff cells. Tfh-Teff cell fate commitment is regulated by mutual antagonism between the transcription factors Bcl6 and Blimp-1. Here we examined how T cell receptor (TCR) signals establish and arbitrate Bcl6-Blimp-1 counter-antagonism. We found that the TCR-signal-induced transcription factor Irf4 is essential for the differentiation of Bcl6-expressing Tfh and Blimp-1-expressing Teff cells...
September 19, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917594/key-steps-in-conducting-systematic-reviews-for-underpinning-clinical-practice-guidelines-methodology-of-the-european-association-of-urology
#19
Thomas Knoll, Muhammad Imran Omar, Steven Maclennan, Virginia Hernández, Steven Canfield, Yuhong Yuan, Max Bruins, Lorenzo Marconi, Hein Van Poppel, James N'Dow, Richard Sylvester
CONTEXT: The findings of systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analyses (MAs) are used for clinical decision making. The European Association of Urology has committed increasing resources into the development of high quality clinical guidelines based on such SRs and MAs. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we have summarised the process of conducting SRs for underpinning clinical practice guidelines under the auspices of the European Association of Urology Guidelines Office. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The process involves explicit methods and the findings should be reproducible...
September 13, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903487/from-the-cover-arsenic-induces-hippocampal-neuronal-apoptosis-and-cognitive-impairments-via-an-up-regulated-bmp2-smad-dependent-reduced-bdnf-trkb-signaling-in-rats
#20
Rukmani Pandey, Vipin Rai, Juhi Mishra, Kapil Mandrah, Somendu Kumar Roy, Sanghamitra Bandyopadhyay
Arsenic promotes hippocampal neuronal damage inducing cognitive impairments. However, mechanism arbitrating arsenic-mediated cognitive deficits remains less-known. Here, we identified that chronic exposure to environmentally relevant doses of arsenic increased apoptosis, characterized by caspase-3 activation, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage and Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling of rat hippocampal neurons, marked by NeuN. Investigating apoptotic mechanism through invivo and invitro studies revealed that arsenic promoted bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP2) expression, supported by increased BMP-receptor2 (BMPR2) and p-Smad1/5 in hippocampal neurons...
September 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
keyword
keyword
54368
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"