keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Arbitration

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394022/limited-versus-full-sternotomy-for-aortic-valve-replacement
#1
REVIEW
Bilal H Kirmani, Sion G Jones, S C Malaisrie, Darryl A Chung, Richard Jnn Williams
BACKGROUND: Aortic valve disease is a common condition that is easily treatable with cardiac surgery. This is conventionally performed by opening the sternum longitudinally down the centre ("median sternotomy") and replacing the valve under cardiopulmonary bypass. Median sternotomy is generally well tolerated, but as less invasive options have become available, the efficacy of limited incisions has been called into question. In particular, the effects of reducing the visibility and surgical access has raised safety concerns with regards to the placement of cannulae, venting of the heart, epicardial wire placement, and de-airing of the heart at the end of the procedure...
April 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390551/review-of-the-evidence-on-the-use-of-arbitration-or-consensus-within-breast-screening-a-systematic-scoping-review
#2
REVIEW
L Hackney, A Szczepura, L Moody, B Whiteman
OBJECTIVES: A systematic scoping review was undertaken to establish the evidence base on arbitration and consensus in mammography reporting. Database searches were supplemented with hand searching of peer-reviewed journals, citation tracking, key author searching, grey literature and personal contact with experts. A 3-stage process was utilised to screen a large volume of literature (601) against the inclusion and exclusion criteria. 26 papers were retained. KEY FINDINGS: A lack of guidance and underpinning evidence to inform how best to use arbitration or consensus to resolve discordant reads...
May 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358869/learning-about-and-from-others-prudence-impatience-or-laziness-the-computational-bases-of-attitude-alignment
#3
Marie Devaine, Jean Daunizeau
Peoples' subjective attitude towards costs such as, e.g., risk, delay or effort are key determinants of inter-individual differences in goal-directed behaviour. Thus, the ability to learn about others' prudent, impatient or lazy attitudes is likely to be critical for social interactions. Conversely, how adaptive such attitudes are in a given environment is highly uncertain. Thus, the brain may be tuned to garner information about how such costs ought to be arbitrated. In particular, observing others' attitude may change one's uncertain belief about how to best behave in related difficult decision contexts...
March 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336521/defending-strong-tobacco-packaging-and-labelling-regulations-in-uruguay-transnational-tobacco-control-network-versus-philip-morris-international
#4
Eric Crosbie, Particia Sosa, Stanton A Glantz
OBJECTIVE: Describe the process of enacting and defending strong tobacco packaging and labelling regulations in Uruguay amid Philip Morris International's (PMI) legal threats and challenges. METHODS: Triangulated government legislation, news sources and interviews with policy-makers and health advocates in Uruguay. RESULTS: In 2008 and 2009, the Uruguayan government enacted at the time the world's largest pictorial health warning labels (80% of front and back of package) and prohibited different packaging or presentations for cigarettes sold under a given brand...
March 23, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290394/a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-research-on-traumatic-brain-injury-in-india
#5
Benjamin B Massenburg, Deepa K Veetil, Nakul P Raykar, Amit Agrawal, Nobhojit Roy, Martin Gerdin
INTRODUCTION: Over a quarter of the world's trauma deaths occur in India, with traumatic brain injury (TBI) as the leading cause of death and disability within trauma. With little known about TBI in India, we set out to do a systematic review to characterize the quantitative literature on TBI in India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The following databases were searched from their inception to December 31, 2015: PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, and the World Health Organization's Global Health Library, using the keywords: neurotrauma, brain injury, traumatic brain injury, TBI, head injury, and India...
March 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274967/effect-of-using-cardiovascular-risk-scoring-in-routine-risk-assessment-in-primary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease-protocol-for-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#6
Krzysztof Studzin Ski, Tomasz Tomasik, Janusz Krzyszton, Jacek Józ Wiak, Adam Windak
INTRODUCTION: Major clinical practice guidelines recommend assessing risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) using absolute/global/total CVD risk scores. However, the effectiveness of using them in clinical practice, despite publication of numerous randomised controlled trials (RCTs), is still poorly understood. To summarise and analyse current knowledge in this field, we will carry out an overview of existing systematic reviews (SRs). The objective of this overview will be to assess the effect of using cardiovascular risk scoring in routine risk assessment in primary prevention of CVD compared with standard care...
March 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238198/the-social-historical-and-institutional-contingencies-of-dam-removal
#7
F J Magilligan, C S Sneddon, C A Fox
Environmental managers in the United States and elsewhere are increasingly perceiving dam removal as a critical tool for river restoration and enhancing watershed resilience. In New England, over 125 dams have been dismantled for ecological and economic rationales. A surprising number of these removals, including many that are ongoing, have generated heated conflicts between restoration proponents and local communities who value their dammed landscapes. Using a comparative case study approach, we examine the environmental conflict around efforts to remove six dams in New England...
February 25, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208590/synthesizing-existing-csma-and-tdma-based-mac-protocols-for-vanets
#8
Jiawei Huang, Qi Li, Shaohua Zhong, Lianhai Liu, Ping Zhong, Jianxin Wang, Jin Ye
Many Carrier Sense Multiple Access (CSMA) and Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) based medium access control (MAC) protocols for vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) have been proposed recently. Contrary to the common perception that they are competitors, we argue that the underlying strategies used in these MAC protocols are complementary. Based on this insight, we design CTMAC, a MAC protocol that synthesizes existing strategies; namely, random accessing channel (used in CSMA-style protocols) and arbitral reserving channel (used in TDMA-based protocols)...
February 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132683/probability-of-accurate-heart-failure-diagnosis-and-the-implications-for-hospital-readmissions
#9
Sandra A Carey, Kyle Bass, Giovanna Saracino, Cara A East, Joost Felius, Paul A Grayburn, Ravi C Vallabhan, Shelley A Hall
Heart failure (HF) is a complex syndrome with inherent diagnostic challenges. We studied the scope of possibly inaccurately documented HF in a large health care system among patients assigned a primary diagnosis of HF at discharge. Through a retrospective record review and a classification schema developed from published guidelines, we assessed the probability of the documented HF diagnosis being accurate and determined factors associated with HF-related and non-HF-related hospital readmissions. An arbitration committee of 3 experts reviewed a subset of records to corroborate the results...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126677/artesunate-acts-as-fuel-to-fire-in-sensitizing-hepg2-cells-towards-trail-mediated-apoptosis-via-stat3-inhibition-and-dr4-augmentation
#10
M Ilamathi, V Sivaramakrishnan
In the present study, we investigated in vitro, the role of artesunate (ATS) with comparable potency to oxaliplatin (OXP) in sensitizing tumour necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) resistant HepG2 cells towards apoptosis. ATS in consistency with OXP was found to reverse TRAIL resistant HepG2 cells towards TRAIL mediated apoptosis by enhancing caspase-3 and cleavage of PARP. Additionally, ATS also suppressed the nuclear translocation of activated signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) thereby sensitizing the HepG2 cells towards only death receptor 4 (DR4) mediated apoptosis...
April 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114344/nod1card-might-be-using-multiple-interfaces-for-rip2-mediated-card-card-interaction-insights-from-molecular-dynamics-simulation
#11
Jitendra Maharana, Sukanta Kumar Pradhan, Sachinandan De
The nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain (NOD)-containing protein 1 (NOD1) plays the pivotal role in host-pathogen interface of innate immunity and triggers immune signalling pathways for the maturation and release of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Upon the recognition of iE-DAP, NOD1 self-oligomerizes in an ATP-dependent fashion and interacts with adaptor molecule receptor-interacting protein 2 (RIP2) for the propagation of innate immune signalling and initiation of pro-inflammatory immune responses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088744/self-concept-mediate-the-relationship-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-abstinence-motivation-as-well-as-self-efficacy-among-drug-addicts
#12
Feng-Ying Lu, Si Wen, Gang Deng, Yung-Lung Tang
OBJECTIVE: Childhood maltreatment is widely accepted as a risk factor for drug addiction from adolescence to adulthood. However, the influence of childhood maltreatment on drug treatment related variables, such as drug abstinence motivation and self-concept, as well as self-efficacy, remains unclear. This study aims at exploring whether self-concept mediates the relationship between childhood maltreatment and abstinence motivation, as well as self-efficacy, among drug addicts. METHODS: This study involves 816 (550 males, 226 females, mean age=34...
May 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062574/loss-of-n-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase-4-orchestrates-oncogenic-microrna-9-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#13
Yidong Liu, Haiou Liu, Liu Yang, Qian Wu, Weisi Liu, Qiang Fu, Weijuan Zhang, Haijian Zhang, Jiejie Xu, Jianxin Gu
Deregulated expression of N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases (GALNTs), which is responsible for the initial step of mucin-type O-glycosylation, could produce abnormal truncated O-glycans and thereby exert pivotal functions during malignant transformation. GALNT4 is one of the few isoforms preferring to catalyze partial GalNAc-glycosylated substrates and modify the sites not utilized by other known GALNTs. This study aims to evaluate the impact of GALNT4 expression on malignant transformation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045884/a-study-of-interpersonal-conflict-among-operating-room-nurses
#14
Tsui-Fen Chang, Chung-Kuang Chen, Ming-Jia Chen
BACKGROUND: Team collaboration is an important factor that affects the performance of the operating room (OR). Therefore, the ability of OR nurses to adapt to and manage interpersonal conflict incidents properly is very important. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to investigate the interpersonal conflict management capabilities of OR nursing staffs and to find the relationships among the demographics of OR nurses and the following: work-related variables, interpersonal conflict management style, and target of interpersonal conflict...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025341/can-we-replace-curation-with-information-extraction-software
#15
REVIEW
Peter D Karp
Can we use programs for automated or semi-automated information extraction from scientific texts as practical alternatives to professional curation? I show that error rates of current information extraction programs are too high to replace professional curation today. Furthermore, current IEP programs extract single narrow slivers of information, such as individual protein interactions; they cannot extract the large breadth of information extracted by professional curators for databases such as EcoCyc. They also cannot arbitrate among conflicting statements in the literature as curators can...
2016: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024825/automated-diabetic-retinopathy-image-assessment-software-diagnostic-accuracy-and-cost-effectiveness-compared-with-human-graders
#16
Adnan Tufail, Caroline Rudisill, Catherine Egan, Venediktos V Kapetanakis, Sebastian Salas-Vega, Christopher G Owen, Aaron Lee, Vern Louw, John Anderson, Gerald Liew, Louis Bolter, Sowmya Srinivas, Muneeswar Nittala, SriniVas Sadda, Paul Taylor, Alicja R Rudnicka
OBJECTIVE: With the increasing prevalence of diabetes, annual screening for diabetic retinopathy (DR) by expert human grading of retinal images is challenging. Automated DR image assessment systems (ARIAS) may provide clinically effective and cost-effective detection of retinopathy. We aimed to determine whether ARIAS can be safely introduced into DR screening pathways to replace human graders. DESIGN: Observational measurement comparison study of human graders following a national screening program for DR versus ARIAS...
December 23, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995269/-new-legal-regulations-for-palliative-care-with-implications-for-politics-and-practice
#17
Heiner Melching
In December 2015 two different laws were adopted. Both are of importance for palliative care. One of the laws criminalizes commercial, "business-like" assisted suicide (§ 217 German Criminal Code), the other one aims to improve hospice and palliative care in Germany. Through the latter far-reaching changes in Social Code Books V and XI, as well as of the Hospital Finance Act have been made. This new Act to Improve Hospice and Palliative Care (HPG) focuses, amongst others, on: (a) Better funding of hospice services, by raising the minimum grant for patients in inpatient hospices paid per day by the health insurance funds by about 28...
January 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994941/a-multisite-validation-of-whole-slide-imaging-for-primary-diagnosis-using-standardized-data-collection-and-analysis
#18
Katy Wack, Laura Drogowski, Murray Treloar, Andrew Evans, Jonhan Ho, Anil Parwani, Michael C Montalto
CONTEXT: Text-based reporting and manual arbitration for whole slide imaging (WSI) validation studies are labor intensive and do not allow for consistent, scalable, and repeatable data collection or analysis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to establish a method of data capture and analysis using standardized codified checklists and predetermined synoptic discordance tables and to use these methods in a pilot multisite validation study. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Fifteen case report form checklists were generated from the College of American Pathology cancer protocols...
2016: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987628/arbitration-board-setting-reimbursement-amounts-for-pharmaceutical-innovations-in-germany-when-price-negations-between-payers-and-manufacturers-fail-an-empirical-analysis-of-5-years-experience
#19
Saskia Ludwig, Charalabos-Markos Dintsios
BACKGROUND: In Germany, an arbitration board is setting reimbursement amounts for drug innovations when price negations between payers and manufacturers fail. OBJECTIVE: To empirically analyze all arbitrations since the reform of Germany's Act to Reorganize the Pharmaceuticals' Market in the Statutory Health Insurance System came into effect. METHODS: All available relevant documents up to January 2016 were screened and the identified contentious issues between the negotiation parties extracted...
December 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981917/an-observational-study-to-assess-if-automated-diabetic-retinopathy-image-assessment-software-can-replace-one-or-more-steps-of-manual-imaging-grading-and-to-determine-their-cost-effectiveness
#20
Adnan Tufail, Venediktos V Kapetanakis, Sebastian Salas-Vega, Catherine Egan, Caroline Rudisill, Christopher G Owen, Aaron Lee, Vern Louw, John Anderson, Gerald Liew, Louis Bolter, Clare Bailey, SriniVas Sadda, Paul Taylor, Alicja R Rudnicka
BACKGROUND: Diabetic retinopathy screening in England involves labour-intensive manual grading of retinal images. Automated retinal image analysis systems (ARIASs) may offer an alternative to manual grading. OBJECTIVES: To determine the screening performance and cost-effectiveness of ARIASs to replace level 1 human graders or pre-screen with ARIASs in the NHS diabetic eye screening programme (DESP). To examine technical issues associated with implementation. DESIGN: Observational retrospective measurement comparison study with a real-time evaluation of technical issues and a decision-analytic model to evaluate cost-effectiveness...
December 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
keyword
keyword
54368
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"