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M Concepción Gimeno, Alice Johnson, Isabel Marzo
The reactivity of the phosphonium salt, (cyanomethyl)triphenylphosphonium chloride, and the ylide, triphenylphosphoniumcyanomethylide, towards group eleven metal complexes is described. Mononuclear neutral gold(I) and gold(III) complexes of the type [AuX{CH(CN)PPh3}] or [AuX3{CH(CN)PPh3}], and cationic derivatives such as [AuL{CH(CN)PPh3}]X have been prepared. Surprisingly the cationic gold species could only be prepared with ligands with a large steric hindrance such as bulky NHCs or the JohnPhos phosphine, in contrast with silver and copper derivatives which have dimeric structures with coordination to the cyano group of the ylide...
May 22, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Si-Si Sun, Zheng Wang, Xiang Wen Wu, Jian-Hua Zhang, Chao-Jie Li, Shao-Yun Yin, Ling Chen, Mei Pan, Cheng-Yong Su
Two series of isostructural lanthanide coordination complexes, namely, LIFM-42(Ln), Ln = Eu, Tb, Gd, and LIFM-43(Ln), Ln = Er, Yb) were synthesized through the self-assembly of an ESIPT (excited-state intramolecular proton transfer) ligand, H2hpi2cf (5-(2-(5-fluoro-2-hydroxyphenyl)-4,5-bis(4-fluorophenyl)-1H-imidazol-1-yl)isophthalic acid) with different lanthanide ions. In the coordination structures linked by the ligands and oxo-bridged LnIII2 clusters (for LIFM-42(Ln) series) or isolated LnIII ions (for LIFM-43(Ln) series), the ESIPT ligand can serve as both the host and antenna for protecting and sensitizing the photoluminescence (PL) of LnIII ions...
May 22, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Enzo L La Cava, Esteban Gerbino, Sonia C Sgroppo, Andrea Gómez-Zavaglia
The physical and chemical properties of pectin extracts obtained from different white and pink/red varieties of grapefruit [Citrus paradisi (Macf.)], using both conventional heating (CHE) and thermosonication (TS), were investigated. The content of galacturonic acid (GalA), degree of esterification (%DM), color and antioxidant capacity were analyzed. Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) associated with multivariate analysis enabled a structural comparison among the pectin extracts, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) completed a full landscape of the investigated extracts...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Food Science
J Martínez, M Martínez de Sarasa Buchaca, F de la Cruz-Martínez, C Alonso-Moreno, L F Sánchez-Barba, J Fernandez-Baeza, A M Rodríguez, A Rodríguez-Diéguez, J A Castro-Osma, A Otero, A Lara-Sánchez
A series of alkyl aluminium complexes based on heteroscorpionate ligands were designed as catalysts for the ring-opening polymerisation of cyclic esters and ring-opening copolymerisation of epoxides and anhydrides. Treatment of AlX3 (X = Me, Et) with ligands bpzbeH [bpzbe = 1,1-bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-3,3-dimethyl-2-butoxide], bpzteH [bpzte = 2,2-bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)-1-para-tolylethoxide], and (R,R)-bpzmmH [(R,R)-bpzmm = (1R)-1-{(1R)-6,6-dimethyl-bicyclo[3.1.1]-2-hepten-2-yl}-2,2-bis(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)ethoxide] for 2 hours at 0 °C afforded the mononuclear dialkyl aluminium complexes [AlMe2{κ2-bpzbe}] (1), [AlEt2{κ2-bpzbe}] (2), [AlMe2{κ2-(R,R)-bpzmm}] (3) and [AlEt2{κ2-(R,R)-bpzmm}] (4), and the dinuclear dialkyl complexes [AlMe2{κ2-bpzte}]2 (5) and [AlEt2{κ2-bpzte}]2 (6)...
May 22, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Yang Yang, Fangzhou Qiu, Cong Xu, Yan Feng, Guolin Zhang, Weisheng Liu
A novel 2D lanthanide coordination polymer {Eu-CP (1)} based on a 3-bis(3-carboxyphenyl)imidazolium (L) ligand was successfully assembled through a solvothermal method. Luminescence tests indicate that 1 has excellent selectivity and sensitivity to detect Fe3+/Fe2+, Cr2O72-, and a series of nitroaromatic explosives. Interestingly, 1 can effectively distinguish CrVI anions (CrO42-/Cr2O72-), which is difficult for most of the reported CPs. Furthermore, in the detection process, 1 can be simply and quickly regenerated and reused at least five times...
May 22, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Jens Seufert, Eileen Welz, Ivo Krummenacher, Valerie Paprocki, Julian Böhnke, Stephan Hagspiel, Rian D Dewhurst, Reinhold Tacke, Bernd Engels, Holger Braunschweig
Diaryldihalodiboranes(4) were reacted with bis(amidinato)- and bis(guanidinato)silylenes to generate the first neutral diborane-centered radicals. These formally non-aromatic 5π electron systems are stable in the solid state as well as in solution and were characterized by solid-state structure determination, high-resolution mass spectrometry and EPR spectroscopy. The reactivity of one of these radicals with the oxidant 1,4-benzoquinone led to ring-opening and B-O bond formation.
May 22, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Ana Machado, Rui Maneiras, Adriano A Bordalo, Raquel B R Mesquita
The use of saliva for diagnose and surveillance of systemic illnesses, and general health has been arousing great interest worldwide, emerging as a highly desirable goal in healthcare. The collection is non-invasive, stress-free, inexpensive, and simple representing a major asset. Glucose, calcium, and magnesium concentration are three major parameters evaluated in clinical context due to their essential role in a wide range of biochemical reactions, and consequently many health disorders. In this work, a spectrophotometric sequential injection method is described for the fast screening of glucose, calcium, and magnesium in saliva samples...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
Francisco J Hidalgo, Rosario Zamora
Phenolics can trap lipid-derived reactive carbonyls as a protective function that diminishes the broadcasting of the lipid oxidative damage to food macromolecules. In an attempt to clarify the trapping of 2,4-alkadienals by phenolics, this study analyzes the reactions of 2,4-hexadienal, 2,4-heptadienal, and 2,4-decadienal with 2-methylresorcinol. These reactions produced (E)-4-(alk-1-en-1-yl)-8-methyl-2,7-bis(prop-1-en-2-yloxy)chromanes, which were isolated and characterized by 1D and 2D NMR and MS. Carbonyl-phenol adduct formation was favored at pH > 7 and moderate temperatures (25-80 °C)...
October 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Yi-Jiun Huang, Hsiu-Cheng Chen, Hsi-Kuei Lin, Kung-Hwa Wei
In this study, we incorporated molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) nanosheets into sol-gel processing of zinc oxide (ZnO) to form ZnO:MoS2 composites for use as electron transport layers (ETLs) in inverted polymer solar cells featuring a binary bulk heterojunction active layer. We could effectively tune the energy band of the ZnO:MoS2 composite film from 4.45 to 4.22eV by varying the content of MoS2 up to 0.5 wt%, such that the composite was suitable for use in bulk heterojunction photovoltaic devices based on poly[bis(5-(2-ethylhexyl)thien-2-yl)benzodithiophene-alt-(4-(2-ethylhexyl)-3-fluorothienothiophene)-2-carboxylate-2,6-diyl)] (PTB7-TH):phenyl-C71-butryric acid methyl ester (PC71BM)...
May 22, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Subhadip Senapati, Sudipta Biswas, Saikat Manna, Robert Ros, Stuart Lindsay, Peiming Zhang
The goal of this research was to develop linkage chemistry for the study of bivalent interactions between a receptor and its ligand using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and surface plasmon resonance (SPR). We conceived a three-arm structure composed of flexible chains connected to a large rigid core with orthogonal functional groups at their ends for formation and attachment (or immobilization) of bivalent ligands. To demonstrate the principle, we chose the well-known biotin-streptavidin interaction as a model system...
May 21, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Christopher R M Asquith, Paulo H Godoi, Rafael M Couñago, Tuomo Laitinen, John W Scott, Christopher G Langendorf, Jonathan S Oakhill, David H Drewry, William J Zuercher, Panayiotis A Koutentis, Timothy M Willson, Andreas S Kalogirou
We demonstrate for the first time that 4 H -1,2,6-thiadiazin-4-one (TDZ) can function as a chemotype for the design of ATP-competitive kinase inhibitors. Using insights from a co-crystal structure of a 3,5-bis(arylamino)-4 H -1,2,6-thiadiazin-4-one bound to calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2 (CaMKK2), several analogues were identified with micromolar activity through targeted displacement of bound water molecules in the active site. Since the TDZ analogues showed reduced promiscuity compared to their 2,4-dianilinopyrimidine counter parts, they represent starting points for development of highly selective kinase inhibitors...
May 19, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Bianca Hemmeryckx, Yuanbo Feng, Liesbeth Frederix, Marleen Lox, Sander Trenson, Rob Vreeken, Hua Rong Lu, David Gallacher, Yicheng Ni, H Roger Lijnen
Patients with heart disease have a higher risk to develop cardiac arrhythmias, either spontaneously or drug-induced. In this study, we have used a rabbit model of myocardial infarction (MI) with severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) to study potential drug-induced cardiac risks with N-(piperidin-2-ylmethyl)-2,5-bis(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)benzamide (flecainide). Upon ligation of the left circumflex arteries, male New Zealand White rabbits developed a large MI and moderate or severe LVSD 7 weeks after surgery, in comparison to SHAM-operated animals...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Xiaopeng Xu, Zuojia Li, Zhaozhao Bi, Ting Yu, Wei Ma, Kui Feng, Ying Li, Qiang Peng
A novel wide-bandgap copolymer of PBDT-ODZ based on benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b' ]dithiophene (BDT) and 1,3,4-oxadiazole (ODZ) blocks is developed for efficient nonfullerene polymer solar cells (NF-PSCs). PBDT-ODZ exhibits a wide bandgap of 2.12 eV and a low-lying highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) level of -5.68 eV, which could match well with the low-bandgap acceptor of 3,9-bis(2-methylene-(3-(1,1-dicyanomethylene)-indanone)-5,5,11,11-tetrakis(4-hexylthienyl)-dithieno[2,3-d:2',3'-d']-s-indaceno[1,2-b:5,6-b']-dithiophene (ITIC-Th), inducing a good complementary absorption from 300 to 800 nm and a minimal HOMO level offset (0...
May 21, 2018: Advanced Materials
Haijun Bin, Jia Yao, Yankang Yang, Indunil Angunawela, Chenkai Sun, Liang Gao, Long Ye, Beibei Qiu, Lingwei Xue, Chenhui Zhu, Chunhe Yang, Zhi-Guo Zhang, Harald Ade, Yongfang Li
Two medium-bandgap p-type organic small molecules H21 and H22 with an alkylsily-thienyl conjugated side chain on benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene central units are synthesized and used as donors in all-small-molecule organic solar cells (SM-OSCs) with a narrow-bandgap n-type small molecule 2,2'-((2Z,2'Z)-((4,4,9,9-tetrahexyl-4,9-dihydro-s-indaceno[1,2-b:5,6-b']dithiophene-2,7-diyl)bis(methanylylidene))bis(3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2,1-diylidene))dimalononitrile (IDIC) as the acceptor. In comparison to H21 with 3-ethyl rhodanine as the terminal group, H22 with cyanoacetic acid esters as the terminal group shows blueshifted absorption, higher charge-carrier mobility and better 3D charge pathway in blend films...
May 21, 2018: Advanced Materials
Lei Zhang, Nadiia Pasthukova, Yifan Yao, Xiaolan Zhong, Egon Pavlica, Gvido Bratina, Emanuele Orgiu, Paolo Samorì
Self-standing nanostructures are of fundamental interest in materials science and nanoscience and are widely used in (opto-)electronic and photonic devices as well as in micro-electromechanical systems. To date, large-area and self-standing nanoelectrode arrays assembled on flexible substrates have not been reported. Here the fabrication of a hollow nanomesh scaffold on glass and plastic substrates with a large surface area over 1 mm2 and ultralow leakage current density (≈1-10 pA mm-2 @ 2 V) across the empty scaffold is demonstrated...
May 21, 2018: Advanced Materials
Ahmed Samir, Ayano Kage, Ohura Kayoko, Teruko Imai
1. Loteprednol etabonate (LE) is a soft corticosteroid with two labile ester bonds at 17α- and 17β-positions. Its corticosteroidal activity disappears upon hydrolysis of either ester bond. Hydrolysis of both ester bonds produces the inactive metabolite, Δ1 -cortienic acid (Δ1 -CA). 2. The simple high performance liquid chromatography method using acetic acid gradient was developed for the simultaneous determination of LE and its acidic metabolites. 3. LE was hydrolyzed in rat plasma with a half-life of 9 minutes...
May 21, 2018: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
Griffin Canning, Alan K Thomas, David H Dunlap, John K Grey
Non-geminate charge recombination occurs over a broad range of time scales in polymer solar cells and represents a serious loss channel for the performance and lifetime of devices. Multiple factors influence this process, including changes in morphology and formation of permanent defects, but individual contributions are often difficult to resolve from conventional experiment. We use intensity modulated photocurrent/photovoltage spectroscopy (IMPS/IMVS) to investigate non-geminate charge recombination in blends of poly[2,6-(4,4-bis-(2-ethylhexyl)-4H-cyclopenta [2,1-b;3,4-b']dithiophene)-alt-4,7(2,1,3-benzothiadiazole)] (PCPDTBT) and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester, PCBM) solar cells...
May 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Macarena Silva, Carolina Mendiguchía, Carlos Moreno, Pavel Kubáň
Simultaneous electromembrane extraction (EME) of six trace metal cations (Cu2+ , Zn2+ , Co2+ , Ni2+ , Pb2+ , Cd2+ ) from saline samples was investigated. Capillary electrophoresis (CE) with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (C4 D) was used to determine the metals in acceptor solutions due to its excellent compatibility with the minute volumes of acceptor solutions. Bis(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate (DEHPA) was selected as a suitable non-selective modifier for EME transport of target metal cations...
May 21, 2018: Electrophoresis
Daniel Obando, Yasuko Koda, Namfon Pantarat, Sophie Lev, Xiaoming Zuo, Johanes Bijosono Oei, Fred Widmer, Julianne Djordjevic, Tania Sorrell, Katrina Jolliffe
A series of bis(4-pentylpyridinium) compounds with a variety of spacers between the pyridinium headgroups was synthesised and their antifungal activity has been investigated. Lengthening the alkyl spacer between the pentylpyridinium headgroups from twelve to sixteen methylene units resulted in increased antifungal activity against C. neoformans and C. albicans, but also resulted in increased hemolytic activity and cytotoxicity against mammalian cells. However, inclusion of an ortho-substituted benzene ring in the centre of the alkyl spacer resulted in reduced cytotoxicity and hemolytic activity, while maintaining antifungal potency...
May 20, 2018: ChemMedChem
Mounesha N Garaga, Vassilios Dracopoulos, Ulrike Werner-Zwanziger, Josef W Zwanziger, Manuel Maréchal, Michael Persson, Lars Nordstierna, Anna Martinelli
We report enhanced protonic and ionic dynamics in an imidazole/protic ionic liquid mixture confined within the nanopores of silica particles. The ionic liquid is 1-octylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide ([HC8Im][TFSI]), while the silica particles are microsized and characterized by internal well connected nanopores. We demonstrate that the addition of imidazole is crucial to promote a proton motion decoupled from molecular diffusion, which occurs due to the establishment of new N-HN hydrogen bonds and fast proton exchange events in the ionic domains, as evidenced by both infrared and 1H NMR spectroscopy...
May 21, 2018: Nanoscale
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