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wallenberg's syndrome

Jun Tang, Linjie Wei, Lin Li, Yin Niu, Qianwei Chen, Hua Feng, Gang Zhu, Zhi Chen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and results of endovascular treatment for ruptured distal posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) aneurysms. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed our experience and results with endovascular treatments for a series of 13 consecutive patients with ruptured distal PICA aneurysms at the Southwest Hospital, Chongqing, China, treated between June 2011 and January 2015. Therapeutic considerations, intraoperative complications, and results were evaluated...
July 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Elizabeth Day Ruedrich, Mahesh Chikkannaiah, Gogi Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Masahiro Uemura, Hiroaki Naritomi, Hisakazu Uno, Arisa Umesaki, Kotaro Miyashita, Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Minematsu, Kazuyuki Nagatsuka
BACKGROUND: In 1946, Opalski reported two cases of Wallenberg syndrome with ipsilateral hemiparesis (IH). His hypothesis seems to be based on the view that IH is caused by post-decussating pyramidal tract damage. Afterwards, other researchers proposed a different hypothesis that ipsilateral sensory symptoms of limbs (ISSL) or ipsilateral limb ataxia (ILA) caused by lateral medullary infarction (LMI) might lead to ipsilateral motor weakness. The present study is aimed to clarify whether IH in LMI patients is attributable mainly to ISSL/ILA or disruption of ipsilateral post-decussating pyramidal tract...
June 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Serdar Oruç, Hayri Demirbaş, Abdullah Güzel, Mehtap Beker Acay, Mehmet Yaman
Babinski-Nageotte Syndrome (BNS) is one of the brainstem syndromes characterized by muscle weakness in the opposite half of the body with classic Wallenberg findings. According to our literature survey, only a few cases have been reported and none of them was in the postpartum period. We report a case of a typical BNS in a postpartum woman with an ischemic lesion in the medulla oblongata shown on magnetic resonance imaging.
2016: Case Reports in Neurological Medicine
Yoshinari Nagakane, Hidesato Takezawa, Kanade Katsura, Yasumasa Yamamoto
A 60-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of vertigo and repeated vomiting, which suddenly occurred 25 hours before admission. Neurologic examination revealed Wallenberg syndrome on the left side, and brain MRI showed acute infarcts in the left lateral medulla as well as in the left internal carotid artery (ICA) territory. MR angiography did not depict the left vertebral artery (VA) and the left ICA. Despite antithrombotic treatment, he developed bulbar palsy, and then, brain herniation due to infarct growth in the left middle cerebral artery territory...
2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Yumiko Nakano, Takeshi Hayashi, Kentaro Deguchi, Kota Sato, Nozomi Hishikawa, Toru Yamashita, Yasuyuki Ohta, Yoshiki Takao, Tomohiro Morio, Koji Abe
We recently experienced 2 young adult patients who developed ischemic stroke after regular intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy for agammaglobulinemia with diagnosis of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) in their childhood. Patient 1 was 26-year-old woman, who developed Wallenberg's syndrome 6 days after the last IVIg therapy, but had no further stroke recurrence with cilostazol later. Patient 2 was 37-year-old man, who developed recurrent cerebral infarction in the territory of bilateral lenticulostriate branches like branch atheromatous disease (BAD) several days after the IVIg therapy...
February 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Aude Ménétrey Ehresmann, Hélène Cao Van, Laura Merlini, Joel Fluss
The assessment of acute vertigo in childhood is often challenging, but fortunately a central cause is rarely identified. We present the case of a 7-year-old boy who developed, after a mild head trauma, a rotary vertigo associated with nausea and vomiting. A posttraumatic peripheral vestibular dysfunction was first suspected but not confirmed by an otoneurological evaluation. When subtle neurological signs were elicited, a brain magnetic resonance imaging was promptly requested. This showed a small infarct on the lateral posterior left part of the medulla oblongata of the brainstem, typical of Wallenberg syndrome...
January 2016: Neuropediatrics
Masahiro Katsumata, Koichi Oki, Jin Nakahara, Yoshikane Izawa, Takato Abe, Shinichi Takahashi, Norihiro Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Various sensory impairments have been reported in patients with lateral medullary syndrome, also known as Wallenberg syndrome. The typical sensory impairments experienced by patients with this condition are ipsilateral facial and contralateral trunk and limb thermal hypesthesia and hypoalgesia. Tactile (light touch) sensation is not generally diminished. Here we report the case of a 35-year-old man with lateral medullary infarction who had atypical sensory impairment. METHODS: We examined the results from the neurological examination of the patient as well as findings from computed tomography of the head and magnetic resonance imaging...
November 2015: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
M M Abakumov, I A Avdiunina
It is presented the results of survey and treatment of 32 patients with upper esophageal sphincter achalasia. In 29 of them achalasia was consequence of stroke in brain stem (Zakharchenko-Wallenberg syndrome). 28 patients were operated using P. Chodoch method in 7 cases and author's technique of myotomy with pharyngoesophageal junction plasty in 21 patients. Plastic myotomy gives excellent and good results in 81% of observations due to preservation of innervation of muscles providing function of epiglottis and pharyngeal constrictors...
2015: Khirurgiia
Piyush Das, Amit Chopra, Abhishek Rai, Preetha Sharone Kuppuswamy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present case report was to describe the late onset of recurrent mania in a patient after ischemic injury to the cerebellum and dorsolateral medulla. METHODS: We studied an 86-year-old male with no prior psychiatric history who developed recurrent episodes of mania following a brain stroke. Additionally, he had neurological symptom constellation typical of Wallenberg syndrome. RESULTS: Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed infarction in the inferomedial right cerebellar hemisphere and the right dorsolateral medulla in the right posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) distribution...
September 2015: Bipolar Disorders
Feng-Di Liu, Rong Zhao, Shuo Wang, Wen-Ting Li, Xiao-Xiao Tao, Ting Sun, Xiao-Lei Shen, Jian-Ren Liu
BACKGROUND: Here we report a rare case of repeated transient Wallenberg's syndrome and discuss its mechanism. METHODS: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: A 57-year-old man was admitted for 1.5-month repeated transient Wallenberg's syndrome, including right-sided Horner's syndrome, lower limb weakness, and paresthesia on the right side of the body and face. His symptom appeared mostly during physical activity. Symptoms occurred nearly everyday and lasted from 5 minutes to 30 minutes...
August 2015: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Yuto Uchida, Shin Kobayashi, Koji Takada, Yasukuni Tsugu
A 52-year-old man developed sudden occipital headache followed by vomiting and vertigo. On admission, he displayed right Horner syndrome with ipsilateral reduced facial sensation to pain and temperature that crossed in the body, affecting the left limbs. In addition, he had right hemiparesis. Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance images showed a high intensity lesion localized in the lower and right lateral medulla oblongata. Magnetic resonance angiography showed severe luminal stenosis in the right vertebral artery and T2-weighted sampling perfection with application optimized contrasts using different flip angle evolution (SPACE) showed arterial wall expansion...
2015: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Koichi Nomura, Masahiro Mishina, Seiji Okubo, Satoshi Suda, Ken-ichiro Katsura, Yasuo Katayama
A 33-year-old man presented with a lateral medullary infarction, vertigo, and nausea. At the time of hospital admission, he had Wallenberg syndrome. Although initial magnetic resonance imaging showed no abnormalities, subsequent diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging showed a high-intensity area in the right lateral medulla oblongata. The right vertebral artery was shown to be dilated on basi-parallel anatomical scanning but to be stenosed on magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Cerebral angiography 7 days after onset showed the "pearl and string sign" in the right vertebral artery...
2015: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
Amit Kumar Tyagi, Gaurav Ashish, Anjali Lepcha, Achamma Balraj
INTRODUCTION: Evaluation of persistent vertigo in post infarct patients is very important as the management depends on whether the cause is purely of central origin or due to associated vestibular affliction. CASE REPORT: A patient with left sided dorsolateral medullary syndrome and persistent vestibular symptoms was evaluated. Vestibular test battery showed abnormal smooth pursuit, bilateral hyperactive caloric responses, and abnormal dynamic subjective visual vertical and dynamic subjective visual horizontal tests...
January 2015: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Elina Koskela, Kirsi Setälä, Riku Kivisaari, Juha Hernesniemi, Aki Laakso
OBJECTIVE: To assess prospectively neuro-ophthalmic findings associated with unruptured intracranial aneurysms and treatment morbidity and to identify factors predicting these findings. METHODS: Patients admitted to Helsinki University Central Hospital and treated surgically or endovascularly during 2011 underwent a neuro-ophthalmic examination, including formal visual field testing, before operation, at discharge, and 2-4 months and ≥6 months postoperatively...
April 2015: World Neurosurgery
Songdi Wu, Ningning Li, Feng Xia, Kastytis Sidlauskas, Xuemei Lin, Yihua Qian, Wei Gao, Qinlu Zhang
BACKGROUND: Dorsolateral medullary infarction (Wallenberg syndrome) is rare in clinical practice; however, the subsequent corneal lesions are more uncommon. To our knowledge, only one such case was previously reported. We report a similar case with successful treatment and recovery, and analyse both cases to address the clinical features and outcomes of such syndrome. CASE PRESENTATION: A 43-year-old male presented with neurotrophic keratopathy one month after sustaining dorsolateral medullary infarction...
2014: BMC Neurology
René van den Berg, Tom C Doorschodt, Marieke E S Sprengers, W Peter Vandertop
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) dissecting aneurysms require rapid and aggressive treatment by sacrificing the parent vessel of the aneurysm-bearing dissected vessel. We assessed the clinical consequences of PICA occlusion in view of the local vascular anatomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective search of our neurovascular database in the period 2007-2012. Patient characteristics, including clinical presentation, WFNS (World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies) grading and Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), were recorded...
October 2015: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
Masahiro Mishina, Seiji Ohkubo, Nobuo Kamiya, Arata Abe, Satoshi Suda, Masanori Sakamaki, Shushi Kominami, Takayuki Mizunari, Shiro Kobayashi, Yasuo Katayama
Central alveolar hypoventilation syndrome (CAHS) is a rare and potentially fatal condition. However, respiratory care for patients with CAHS caused by lateral medullary infarction (CAHS-LMI) remains an important unsolved problem. We describe 2 patients with CAHS-LMI and review the case reports for 17 previously described patients. Patient 1 was a 78-year-old man who was referred to our hospital because of dizziness. After admission, Wallenberg syndrome developed. Magnetic resonance imaging showed left LMI. He had hypercapnia and respiratory acidosis the next afternoon and temporarily received mechanical ventilation...
2014: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
Parathan Kk, Kannan R, Chitrambalam P, Senthil Kumar Aiyappan, Deepthi N
Lateral Medullary Syndrome (LMS) is a well-documented vascular syndrome of the posterior circulation territory. This syndrome is easily localised because of characteristic presentation, unique territory of blood supply and very small area of involvement. We present a case of Wallenberg's syndrome which did not have all the classical components of the syndrome, like Horner's syndrome. Opalski syndrome is a rare variant of Wallenberg syndrome, where lateral medullary syndrome is associated with ipsilateral hemiparesis...
July 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Shinsuke Kato, Miki Takikawa, Sho Ishihara, Atsushi Yokoyama, Masako Kato
BACKGROUND: Wallenberg syndrome was first reported by Adolf Wallenberg as arising due to the obstruction of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA), which caused an infarct in the lateral medulla oblongata (MO). METHOD: This study was carried out on brain tissue from 2 patients with typical Wallenberg syndrome and 10 autopsy cases without central nervous system disturbances. RESULTS: Patient 1 exhibited the 3 major neurological symptoms of right crossed sensory disturbance, right cerebellar ataxia and bulbar palsy...
March 2014: Yonago Acta Medica
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