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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448800/assessment-of-bilingual-children-what-if-testing-both-languages-is-not-possible
#1
Tessel Boerma, Elma Blom
Language delays of bilingual children can arise from language impairment (LI) but also from insufficient exposure to the target language. A reliable diagnosis of LI in bilingual children is therefore ideally based on the evaluation of both languages, as LI affects each language that is learned. However, due to the multitude of language combinations that are encountered in clinical practice, this is often not feasible. Bilingual norm-referencing may offer a solution, but the heterogeneity within the bilingual population makes it difficult to determine appropriate standards for every child...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448236/development-of-a-french-version-of-the-edmonton-symptom-assessment-system-revised-a-pilot-study-of-palliative-care-patients-perspectives
#2
Cheryl Nekolaichuk, Ann Huot, Valérie Gratton, Shirley H Bush, Yoko Tarumi, Sharon M Watanabe
BACKGROUND: The Edmonton Symptom Assessment System-revised (ESAS-r) is a nine-item self-report symptom intensity tool developed for palliative care patients, with the option of adding a 10th patient-specific symptom. Due to growing international uptake, the ESAS-r has been translated into different languages. There has not been agreement, however, regarding a standard process for translation into multiple languages, which also includes patients' perspectives. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop a French version of the ESAS-r, using a standardized translation protocol, and to obtain palliative care patients' perspectives regarding this translated tool...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447839/the-whorfian-time-warp-representing-duration-through-the-language-hourglass
#3
Emanuel Bylund, Panos Athanasopoulos
How do humans construct their mental representations of the passage of time? The universalist account claims that abstract concepts like time are universal across humans. In contrast, the linguistic relativity hypothesis holds that speakers of different languages represent duration differently. The precise impact of language on duration representation is, however, unknown. Here, we show that language can have a powerful role in transforming humans' psychophysical experience of time. Contrary to the universalist account, we found language-specific interference in a duration reproduction task, where stimulus duration conflicted with its physical growth...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445784/brain-potentials-predict-language-selection-before-speech-onset-in-bilinguals
#4
Yan Jing Wu, Guillaume Thierry
Studies of language production in bilinguals have seldom considered the fact that language selection likely involves proactive control. Here, we show that Chinese-English bilinguals actively inhibit the language not-to-be used before the onset of a picture to be named. Depending on the nature of a directive cue, participants named a subsequent picture in their native language, in their second language, or remained silent. The cue elicited a contingent negative variation of event-related brain potentials, greater in amplitude when the cue announced a naming trial as compared to when it announced a silent trial...
April 23, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444406/-king-s-parkinson-s-disease-pain-scale-intercultural-adaptation-in-the-german-language
#5
REVIEW
W H Jost, A Rizos, P Odin, M Löhle, A Storch
BACKGROUND: Pain is a frequent symptom of idiopathic Parkinson's disease and has a substantial impact on quality of life. The King's Parkinson's disease pain scale (KPPS) has become internationally established and is an English-language, standardized, reliable and valid scale for evaluation of pain in idiopathic Parkinson's disease. This article presents a validated version in German. METHOD: The German translation was adapted interculturally and developed using an internationally recognized procedure in consultation with the authors of the original publication...
April 25, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441085/noun-and-verb-knowledge-in-monolingual-preschool-children-across-17-languages-data-from-cross-linguistic-lexical-tasks-litmus-clt
#6
Ewa Haman, Magdalena Łuniewska, Pernille Hansen, Hanne Gram Simonsen, Shula Chiat, Jovana Bjekić, Agnė Blažienė, Katarzyna Chyl, Ineta Dabašinskienė, Pascale Engel de Abreu, Natalia Gagarina, Anna Gavarró, Gisela Håkansson, Efrat Harel, Elisabeth Holm, Svetlana Kapalková, Sari Kunnari, Chiara Levorato, Josefin Lindgren, Karolina Mieszkowska, Laia Montes Salarich, Anneke Potgieter, Ingeborg Ribu, Natalia Ringblom, Tanja Rinker, Maja Roch, Daniela Slančová, Frenette Southwood, Roberta Tedeschi, Aylin Müge Tuncer, Özlem Ünal-Logacev, Jasmina Vuksanović, Sharon Armon-Lotem
This article investigates the cross-linguistic comparability of the newly developed lexical assessment tool Cross-linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT). LITMUS-CLT is a part the Language Impairment Testing in Multilingual Settings (LITMUS) battery (Armon-Lotem, de Jong & Meir, 2015). Here we analyse results on receptive and expressive word knowledge tasks for nouns and verbs across 17 languages from eight different language families: Baltic (Lithuanian), Bantu (isiXhosa), Finnic (Finnish), Germanic (Afrikaans, British English, South African English, German, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish), Romance (Catalan, Italian), Semitic (Hebrew), Slavic (Polish, Serbian, Slovak) and Turkic (Turkish)...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441074/assessing-lebanese-bilingual-children-the-use-of-cross-linguistic-lexical-tasks-in-lebanese-arabic
#7
Christel Khoury Aouad Saliby, Christophe Dos Santos, Edith Kouba Hreich, Camille Messarra
Since norms for vocabulary acquisition in Lebanese bilingual children (L1: Lebanese, L2: French and/or English) do not yet exist, clinical assessment based on normative data and using appropriate tools remains difficult for speech and language therapists. The current study focuses on exploring and comparing lexical performances of typically developing Lebanese bilingual children (32 Bi-TD, aged 5;7 to 6;9) and those with specific language impairment (10 Bi-SLI, aged 5;9 to 7;10), using cross-linguistic lexical tasks (LITMUS-CLT, COST Action IS0804, 2011) in Lebanese Arabic language (CLT-LB), specific to the Lebanese context...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441063/validating-the-psycholinguistic-aspects-of-litmus-clt-evidence-from-polish-and-norwegian
#8
Pernille Hansen, Hanne Gram Simonsen, Magdalena Łuniewska, Ewa Haman
The novel assessment tool Cross-Linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT) aims for comparable cross-linguistic assessment of multilingual children's lexical skills by basing each language version on two language-specific variables: age of acquisition (AoA) and complexity index (CI), a novel measure related to phonology, morphology, exposure and etymology. This article investigates the validity of this methodology, asking whether the underlying properties are robust predictors of children's performance. The Polish and Norwegian CLTs were used to assess 32 bilingual Polish-Norwegian, 34 monolingual Norwegian and 36 monolingual Polish children...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437658/how-does-first-language-l1-influence-second-language-l2-reading-in-the-brain-evidence-from-korean-english-and-chinese-english-bilinguals
#9
Say Young Kim, Li Liu, Fan Cao
To examine how L1 influences L2 reading in the brain, two late bilingual groups, Korean-English (KE) and Chinese-English (CE), performed a visual word rhyming judgment task in their L2 (English) and were compared to L1 control groups (i.e., KK and CC). The results indicated that the L2 activation is similar to the L1 activation for both KE and CE language groups. In addition, conjunction analyses revealed that the right inferior frontal gyrus and medial frontal gyrus were more activated in KK and KE than CC and CE, suggesting that these regions are more involved in Korean speakers than Chinese speakers for both L1 and L2...
April 21, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437406/bilingual-brains-remember
#10
Jane C Hu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Scientific American
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436757/bilingualism-and-age-are-continuous-variables-that-influence-executive-function
#11
Sara Incera, Conor T McLennan
We analyzed the effects of bilingualism and age on executive function. We examined these variables along a continuum, as opposed to dichotomizing them. We investigated the impact that bilingualism and age have on two measures of executive control (Stroop and Flanker). The mouse-tracking paradigm allowed us to examine the continuous dynamics of the responses as participants completed each trial. First, we found that the Stroop effect was reduced with younger age and higher levels of bilingualism; however, no Bilingualism by Age interaction emerged...
April 24, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434476/a-qualitative-approach-exploring-the-acceptability-of-yoga-for-minorities-living-with-arthritis-where-are-the-people-who-look-like-me
#12
Kimberly R Middleton, Miriam Magaña López, Steffany Haaz Moonaz, Gladys Tataw-Ayuketah, Michael M Ward, Gwenyth R Wallen
OBJECTIVES: To examine the acceptability of yoga research tailored to recruit and retain a minority population (both English and Spanish speaking) with arthritis. Yoga research for arthritis often underrepresents minorities and acceptability for this population has not previously been investigated. DESIGN: Acceptability was evaluated using retention, adherence, journals, and semi-structured exit interviews from twelve participants with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis undergoing an 8-week yoga intervention...
April 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430846/a-case-of-bariatric-surgery-related-wernicke-korsakoff-syndrome-with-persisting-anterograde-amnesia
#13
Philip Gerard Gasquoine
Objective: To describe the theoretical and clinical implications of the neuropsychological evaluation of a case of bariatric surgery-related Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome. Method: The patient was a 37-year old, female, bilingual, bachelor's degree educated, Mexican American public relations consultant without preexisting psychiatric, neurological, or substance abuse history. Recovery from laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy surgery for morbid obesity was complicated by intraabdominal abscess, multibacterial infection, and prolonged nausea and vomiting...
April 20, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426797/is-bilingualism-losing-its-advantage-a-bibliometric-approach
#14
Victor A Sanchez-Azanza, Raúl López-Penadés, Lucía Buil-Legaz, Eva Aguilar-Mediavilla, Daniel Adrover-Roig
This study uses several bibliometric indices to explore the temporal course of publication trends regarding the bilingual advantage in executive control over a ten-year window. These indices include the number of published papers, numbers of citations, and the journal impact factor. According to the information available in their abstracts, studies were classified into one of four categories: supporting, ambiguous towards, not mentioning, or challenging the bilingual advantage. Results show that the number of papers challenging the bilingual advantage increased notably in 2014 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421645/grammaticality-differences-between-spanish-speaking-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-their-typically-developing-peers
#15
Donna Jackson-Maldonado, Ricardo Maldonado
BACKGROUND: A limited number of studies have analyzed grammaticality in monolingual Spanish-speaking children with specific language impairment (SLI). Most of the available data are based on bilingual speakers. AIMS: To extend previous studies by doing a more detailed analysis of grammatical types in monolingual Spanish-speakers with and without SLI. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Forty-nine Spanish-speaking children (18 with SLI, 17 age-matched typically developing controls, 14 language-matched controls) were recruited from schools in Mexico and observed in a spontaneous narrative task...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421605/cholinergic-glutamatergic-co-transmission-in-striatal-cholinergic-interneurons-new-mechanisms-regulating-striatal-computation
#16
REVIEW
Ornela Kljakic, Helena Janickova, Vania F Prado, Marco A M Prado
It is well established that neurons secrete neuropeptides and ATP with classical neurotransmitters; however, certain neuronal populations are also capable of releasing two classical neurotransmitters by a process named co-transmission. Although there has been progress in our understanding of the molecular mechanism underlying co-transmission, the individual regulation of neurotransmitter secretion and the functional significance of this neuronal 'bilingualism' is still unknown. Striatal cholinergic interneurons (CINs) have been shown to secrete glutamate (Glu) in addition to acetylcholine (ACh) and are recognized for their role in the regulation of striatal circuits and behavior...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421023/editorial-phonology-in-the-bilingual-and-bidialectal-lexicon
#17
EDITORIAL
Isabelle Darcy, Annie Tremblay, Miquel Simonet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419062/single-center-study-investigating-foreign-language-acquisition-at-school-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-uni-or-bilateral-cochlear-implants-in-the-swiss-german-population
#18
Renske Beeres-Scheenstra, Claudia Ohnsorg, Claudia Candreia, Sybille Heinzmann, Susana Castellanos, Nicola De Min, Thomas E Linder
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate foreign language acquisition at school in cochlear implant patients. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: CI center. PATIENTS: Forty three cochlear implants (CI) patients (10-18 yr) were evaluated. CI nonusers and patients with CI-explantation, incomplete datasets, mental retardation, or concomitant medical disorders were excluded. INTERVENTION(S): Additional data (type of schooling, foreign language learning, and bilingualism) were obtained with questionnaires...
April 17, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418329/phoneme-error-pattern-by-heritage-speakers-of-spanish-on-an-english-word-recognition-test
#19
Lu-Feng Shi
BACKGROUND: Heritage speakers acquire their native language from home use in their early childhood. As the native language is typically a minority language in the society, these individuals receive their formal education in the majority language and eventually develop greater competency with the majority than their native language. To date, there have not been specific research attempts to understand word recognition by heritage speakers. It is not clear if and to what degree we may infer from evidence based on bilingual listeners in general...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415142/neural-correlates-of-cognitive-processing-in-monolinguals-and-bilinguals
#20
REVIEW
John G Grundy, John A E Anderson, Ellen Bialystok
Here, we review the neural correlates of cognitive control associated with bilingualism. We demonstrate that lifelong practice managing two languages orchestrates global changes to both the structure and function of the brain. Compared with monolinguals, bilinguals generally show greater gray matter volume, especially in perceptual/motor regions, greater white matter integrity, and greater functional connectivity between gray matter regions. These changes complement electroencephalography findings showing that bilinguals devote neural resources earlier than monolinguals...
April 17, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
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