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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146464/language-control-mechanisms-differ-for-native-languages-neuromagnetic-evidence-from-trilingual-language-switching
#1
Suzanne C A Hut, Päivi Helenius, Alina Leminen, Jyrki P Mäkelä, Minna Lehtonen
How does the brain process and control languages that are learned at a different age, when proficiency in all these languages is high? Early acquired strong languages are likely to have higher baseline activation levels than later learned less-dominant languages. However, it is still largely unknown how the activation levels of these different languages are controlled, and how interference from an irrelevant language is prevented. In this magnetoencephalography (MEG) study on language switching during auditory perception, early Finnish-Swedish bilinguals (N=18) who mastered English with high proficiency after childhood were presented with spoken words in each of the three languages, while performing a simple semantic categorisation task...
November 13, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145920/development-of-spanish-rhotics-in-spanish-english-bilingual-children-in-the-united-states
#2
Mandy R Menke
Rhotics, particularly the trill, are late acquired sounds in Spanish. Reports of Spanish-English bilingual preschoolers document age-appropriate articulations, but studies do not explore productions once exposure to English increases. This paper reports on the rhotic productions of a cross-sectional sample of 31 Spanish-English bilingual children, ages 6;8 to 13;5. Children produced taps with high rates of accuracy across age groups; the trill did not reach 80% target production until age 11;3, later than reported for monolingual speakers...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141494/influence-of-script-direction-on-word-processing-modes-in-left-and-right-visual-fields
#3
Eric Siéroff, Yael Slama
Word processing in left (LVF) and right (RVF) visual fields may be affected by left hemisphere activation during reading and by script direction. We evaluated the effect of script direction by presenting words in left-to-right (French) and right-to-left (Hebrew) scripts to bilingual French participants. Words of different lengths were presented in the LVF and the RVF in a naming task. Results showed (1) a stronger word length effect in the LVF than in the RVF in French, and no difference of word length effect between LVF and RVF in Hebrew; (2) a first-letter advantage only in the LVF in French and in the RVF in Hebrew, showing an effect of script direction on letter processing; and (3) a stronger advantage of external over internal letters in words presented in the LVF than in the RVF for both languages, showing a left hemisphere influence on letter activation...
November 15, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135314/correction-to-lind-simonsen-bj%C3%A3-nness-ribu-svendsen-svennevig-and-de-bot-lexical-access-in-a-bilingual-speaker-with-dementia-changes-over-time
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129834/the-relationship-between-cochlear-implants-and-deaf-identity
#5
Madeleine Chapman, Jesper Dammeyer
The degree to which individuals with cochlear implants (CIs) experience communication difficulties has implications for social participation and identity development. However, few studies have examined the relationship between cochlear implantation, identity, and social participation. Using data from a Danish national survey of deaf adults, the authors examined the significance of having (or not having) a CI in regard to identity (categorized as deaf, hearing, bicultural, and marginal) and various related factors concerning social participation and experiences of being deaf...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125950/the-influence-of-language-behavior-in-social-preferences-and-selective-trust-of-monolingual-and-bilingual-children
#6
W Quin Yow, Xiaoqian Li
Experiences living in a community where people share more than one language may affect children's strategies to selective learning. Language mixing may be one type of speakers' characteristics that bilingual children, but not monolingual children, use to evaluate speakers. A total of 120 English-speaking monolingual (n = 40) and English-Mandarin bilingual (n = 80) 4- and 5-year-olds heard a pair of speakers each tell a story either with or without language mixing and indicated their preferences for either speaker in friendship, explicit judgment, and novel label endorsement...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125089/the-development-of-determiners-in-the-context-of-french-english-bilingualism-a-study-of-cross-linguistic-influence
#7
Coralie Hervé, Ludovica Serratrice
This paper reports the preliminary results of a study examining the role of structural overlap, language exposure, and language use on cross-linguistic influence (CLI) in bilingual first language acquisition. We focus on the longitudinal development of determiners in a corpus of two French-English children between the ages of 2;4 and 3;7. The results display bi-directional CLI in the rate of development, i.e., accelerated development in English and a minor delay in French. Unidirectional CLI from English to French was instead observed in the significantly higher rate of ungrammatical determiner omissions in plural and generic contexts than in singular specific contexts in French...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124953/bilingualism-a-human-right-in-times-of-anxiety-lessons-from-california
#8
Gabriela Simon-Cereijido
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights refers to the individual's right of expression without interference, "through any media and regardless of frontiers". Currently, in some nations across the world, there is decreasing interest in cross-cultural interactions and a new interest in nationalism and assimilation, in communication within frontiers and in a specific medium: the national language. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) advocate for individuals with communication disorders that interfere with their comprehension and expression...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121152/diagnostic-accuracy-of-traditional-measures-of-phonological-ability-for-bilingual-preschoolers-and-kindergarteners
#9
Leah Fabiano-Smith, Katherine Hoffman
Purpose: Bilingual children whose phonological skills are evaluated using measures designed for monolingual English speakers are at risk for misdiagnosis of speech sound disorders (De Lamo White & Jin, 2011). Method: Forty-four children participated in this study: 15 typically developing monolingual English speakers, 7 monolingual English speakers with phonological disorders, 14 typically developing bilingual Spanish-English speakers, and 8 bilingual children with phonological disorders...
November 9, 2017: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119305/the-development-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-immigration-law-concerns-scale-ilcs-for-hiv-testing
#10
Julia Lechuga, Carol L Galletly, Michelle R Broaddus, Julia B Dickson-Gomez, Laura R Glasman, Timothy L McAuliffe, Miriam Y Vega, Sarah LeGrand, Carla A Mena, Morgan L Barlow, Erik Valera, Judith I Montenegro
To develop, pilot test, and conduct psychometric analyses of an innovative scale measuring the influence of perceived immigration laws on Latino migrants' HIV-testing behavior. The Immigration Law Concerns Scale (ILCS) was developed in three phases: Phase 1 involved a review of law and literature, generation of scale items, consultation with project advisors, and subsequent revision of the scale. Phase 2 involved systematic translation- back translation and consensus-based editorial processes conducted by members of a bilingual and multi-national study team...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118711/commentary-the-relationship-of-bilingualism-compared-to-monolingualism-to-the-risk-of-cognitive-decline-or-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
COMMENT
John G Grundy, John A E Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114764/understanding-bilingual-word-learning-the-role-of-phonotactic-probability-and-phonological-neighborhood-density
#12
Vishnu Kk Nair, Britta Biedermann, Lyndsey Nickels
Purpose: Previous research has shown that the language-learning mechanism is affected by bilingualism resulting in a novel word learning advantage for bilingual speakers. However, less is known about the factors that might influence this advantage. This article reports an investigation of 2 factors: phonotactic probability and phonological neighborhood density. Method: Acquisition of 15 novel words varying in phonotactic probability and phonological neighborhood density was examined in high-proficiency, early onset, Mandarin-English bilinguals and English monolinguals...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111575/can-bilingualism-mitigate-set-shifting-difficulties-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#13
Ana Maria Gonzalez-Barrero, Aparna S Nadig
This study investigated the effects of bilingualism on set-shifting and working memory in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Bilinguals with ASD were predicted to display a specific bilingual advantage in set-shifting, but not working memory, relative to monolinguals with ASD. Forty 6- to 9-year-old children participated (20 ASD, 20 typically-developing). Set-shifting was measured using a computerized dimensional change card sort (DCCS) task, and by parent report of executive functioning in daily life...
November 7, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102823/neural-correlates-for-naming-disadvantage-of-the-dominant-language-in-bilingual-word-production
#14
Yongben Fu, Di Lu, Chunyan Kang, Junjie Wu, Fengyang Ma, Guosheng Ding, Taomei Guo
The present study investigated the neural correlates of naming disadvantage of the dominant language under the mixed language context. Twenty one unbalanced Chinese-English bilinguals completed a cued picture naming task while being scanned with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Behavioral results showed that naming pictures in the second lanuage (L2) was significantly slower than naming pictures in the first language (L1) under a single language context. When comparing picture naming in L2 to naming in L1, enhanced activity in the left inferior parietal lobule and left cerebellum was observed...
November 2, 2017: Brain and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096910/-french-translation-and-validation-of-a-short-version-of-the-suicide-intervention-response-inventory-2-siri-2-vf
#15
C Kopp-Bigault, Y Audouard-Marzin, P Scouarnec, G Beauchamp, M Séguin, M Walter
OBJECTIVES: Training health professionals about suicidal crisis is one major line of suicide prevention worldwide. France has one of the highest suicide rates in Europe, and although crisis intervention training has been set up since 2001, there presently is no training assessment tool in the French language for health professionals trained in suicide prevention. In the four levels of Kirpatrick's education pyramid, training that takes place in France today solely assesses level one status, that is to say relative to the level of satisfaction of participants (self-report)...
October 30, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096236/comparing-working-memory-in-bilingual-and-monolingual-hispanic-latino-preschoolers-with-disruptive-behavior-disorders
#16
Alexis M Garcia, Rosmary Ros, Katie C Hart, Paulo A Graziano
The current study examined differences in working memory (WM) between monolingual and bilingual Hispanic/Latino preschoolers with disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs). A total of 149 children (Mage = 5.10 years, SD = 0.53; 76% male) with elevated levels of DBDs, as indicated by their parents or teachers, were recruited to participate in an 8-week summer program prior to the start of kindergarten (Summer Treatment Program for Pre-Kindergarteners). Prior to the start of treatment, parents completed several measures about their children's behavior and executive function, and children were administered two subtests of the Automated Working Memory Assessment to examine their current WM capabilities...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091167/-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-apparent-and-content-validity-of-the-short-version-of-the-eating-motivation-survey-tems-in-brazilian-portuguese
#17
Jéssica Maria Muniz Moraes, Marle Dos Santos Alvarenga
Understanding why people eat what they eat is essential for developing nutritional guidelines capable of modifying inadequate and dysfunctional eating patterns. Such understanding can be assessed by specific instruments, amongst which The Eating Motivation Survey (TEMS) allows the identification of factors that determine motivations for eating and food choices. The aim of this study is to present the cross-cultural adaptation of the short version of TEMS for use in studies in the Brazilian population. The process involved conceptual and item equivalences; semantic equivalence by 2 translators, 1 linguist, 22 experts (frequency of response understanding), and 23 bilingual individuals (with response comparisons by the paired t-test, Pearson correlation coefficient, and intra-class correlation coefficient); and operational equivalence, performed with 32 individuals...
October 26, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089747/bilingualism-as-a-strategy-to-delay-the-onset-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
REVIEW
Blanka Klimova, Martin Valis, Kamil Kuca
The purpose of this study is to explore original studies which provide evidence about the effects of bilingualism on the delay of the onset of dementia, specifically Alzheimer's disease (AD). A literature review was conducted in the world's acknowledged databases: Web of Science, Scopus, and MEDLINE. Altogether, 14 original studies focusing on the research topic were detected. These included six prospective cohort studies and eight retrospective studies. Both types of studies suggest different conclusions. The findings from the prospective cohort studies state that there is no association between bilingualism and the delay of the onset of AD, while the retrospective studies claim the opposite...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089087/science-does-not-disengage
#19
Ellen Bialystok, John G Grundy
In a recent commentary, Goldsmith and Morton (in press) argue that the results of a study demonstrating smaller sequential congruency effects (SCEs) for bilinguals than for monolinguals (Grundy, Chung-Fat-Yim, Friesen, Mak, & Bialystok, 2017) is incorrect in its interpretation of SCEs. Moreover, their overall framework is that there is no evidence for any cognitive differences between monolingual and bilingual young adults. Here, we provide evidence in support of our original interpretation and challenge their basis for arguing that there are no language group differences on these cognitive measures...
October 28, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083201/a-meta-analysis-on-the-relation-between-reading-and-working-memory
#20
Peng Peng, Marcia Barnes, CuiCui Wang, Wei Wang, Shan Li, H Lee Swanson, William Dardick, Sha Tao
The purpose of this study was to determine the relation between reading and working memory (WM) in the context of 3 major theories: the domain-specificity theory (debate) of WM, the intrinsic cognitive load theory, and the dual process theory. A meta-analysis of 197 studies with 2026 effect sizes found a significant moderate correlation between reading and WM, r = .29, 95% CI [.27, .31]. Moderation analyses indicated that after controlling for publication type, bilingual status, domains of WM, and grade level, the relation between WM and reading was not affected by types of reading...
October 30, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
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