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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644100/influence-of-smoking-on-aneurysm-recurrence-after-endovascular-treatment-of-cerebrovascular-aneurysms
#1
John Futchko, Jordan Starr, Darryl Lau, Matthew R Leach, Christopher Roark, Aditya S Pandey, B Gregory Thompson
OBJECTIVE Smoking is a known risk factor for aneurysm development and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, as well as subsequent vasospasm in both untreated individuals and patients who have undergone surgical clipping of cerebrovascular aneurysms. However, there is a lack of data in the current scientific literature about the long-term effects that smoking has on the integrity of endovascular repairs of cerebral aneurysms. This study was designed to determine if any smoking history increased the risk of poorer outcomes and/or aneurysm recurrence in patients who have had endovascular repair of cerebral aneurysms...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641367/annual-crop-yield-variation-child-survival-and-nutrition-among-subsistence-farmers-in-burkina-faso
#2
Kristine Belesova, Antonio Gasparrini, Ali Sié, Rainer Sauerborn, Paul Wilkinson
Whether year to year variation in crop yields affects the nutrition, health, and survival of subsistence farming populations is relevant to the understanding of the potential impacts of climate change. However, the empirical evidence is limited. We examined the association of child survival with inter-annual variation in food crop yield and middle-upper arm circumference (MUAC) in a subsistence farming population of rural Burkina Faso. The study was of 44,616 children < 5 years of age included in the Nouna Health and Demographic Surveillance System, 1992-2012, whose survival was analysed in relation to the food crop yield in the year of birth (which ranged from 65% to 120% of the period average) and, for a subset of 16,698 children, to MUAC, using shared frailty Cox proportional hazards models...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640681/crowdsourced-health-data-comparability-to-a-us-national-survey-2013-2015
#3
Veronica Yank, Sanjhavi Agarwal, Pooja Loftus, Steven Asch, David Rehkopf
OBJECTIVES: To determine the generalizability of crowdsourced, electronic health data from self-selected individuals using a national survey as a reference. METHODS: Using the world's largest crowdsourcing platform in 2015, we collected data on characteristics known to influence cardiovascular disease risk and identified comparable data from the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. We used age-stratified logistic regression models to identify differences among groups...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638434/an-evaluation-of-the-protective-role-of-vitamin-c-in-reactive-oxygen-species-induced-hepatotoxicity-due-to-hexavalent-chromium-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#4
Xiali Zhong, Ming Zeng, Huanfeng Bian, Caigao Zhong, Fang Xiao
BACKGROUD: Drinking water contamination with hexavalent chromium [Cr (VI)] has become one of the most serious public health problems, thus the investigation of Cr (VI)-induced hepatotoxicity has attracted much attention in recent years. METHODS: In the present study, by determining the indices of hepatotoxicity induced by Cr (VI), the source of accumulated reactive oxygen species (ROS), and the protective effect of the antioxidant Vitamin C (Vit C), we explored the mechanisms involved in Cr (VI)-induced hepatotoxicity in vitro and in vivo...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637733/integration-of-sexually-transmitted-infection-sti-services-into-hiv-care-and-treatment-services-for-women-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review
#5
Caitlin E Kennedy, Sabina A Haberlen, Manjulaa Narasimhan
OBJECTIVE: To review and critically appraise the existing evidence on integration of sexually transmitted infection (STI) services into HIV care and treatment services for women living with HIV. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: Four electronic databases were searched through 16February 2017 using keywords for HIV, STIs and integration. Reference lists of included articles and other reviews were also screened. REVIEW METHODS: We included studies that compared women living with HIV who received STI services integrated into HIV care and treatment services with those who received HIV care and treatment services without integrated STI services or standard of care...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633943/diet-borne-systemic-inflammation-is-associated-with-prevalent-tooth%C3%A2-loss
#6
Georgios A Kotsakis, Vanessa Chrepa, Nitin Shivappa, Michael Wirth, James Hébert, Ai Koyanagi, Stefanos Tyrovolas
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The deleterious effect of cariogenic dietary patterns on tooth loss is well characterized, but the contribution of diet-borne systemic inflammation to loss of teeth remains uncharted. Recent efforts have unveiled a protective role of single nutrients to periodontal health. However, the assessment of overall diet as a modifiable risk factor for oral health remains elusive. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the association between diet-borne systemic inflammation and tooth loss in a representative sample of the US adult non-institutionalized population...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633653/household-cereal-crop-harvest-and-children-s-nutritional-status-in-rural-burkina-faso
#7
Kristine Belesova, Antonio Gasparrini, Ali Sié, Rainer Sauerborn, Paul Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Reduction of child undernutrition is one of the Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. Achievement of this goal may be made more difficult in some settings by climate change through adverse impact on agricultural productivity. However, there is only limited quantitative evidence on the link between household crop harvests and child nutrition. We examined this link in a largely subsistence farming population in rural Burkina Faso. METHODS: Data on the middle-upper arm circumference (MUAC) of 975 children ≤5 years of age, household crop yields, and other parameters were obtained from the Nouna Health and Demographic Surveillance System...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633647/meeting-the-oral-health-needs-of-12-year-olds-in-china-human-resources-for-oral-health
#8
Xiangyu Sun, Eduardo Bernabé, Xuenan Liu, Shuguo Zheng, Jennifer E Gallagher
BACKGROUND: An appropriate level of human resources for oral health [HROH] is required to meet the oral health needs of population, and enable maximum improvement in health outcomes. The aim of this study was to estimate the required HROH to meet the oral health needs of the World Health Organization [WHO] reference group of 12-year-olds in China and consider the implications for education, practice, policy and HROH nationally. METHODS: We estimated the need of HROH to meet the needs of 12-year-olds based on secondary analysis of the epidemiological and questionnaire data from the 3rd Chinese National Oral Health Survey, including caries experience and periodontal factors (calculus), dentally-related behaviour (frequency of toothbrushing and sugar intake), and social factors (parental education)...
June 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632749/using-a-health-rating-system-to-evaluate-the-usefulness-of-caenorhabditis-elegans-as-a-model-for-anthelmintic-study
#9
Kathryn J Weaver, Cassandra J May, Brian L Ellis
Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are intestinal parasitic nematodes that infect humans, and are transmitted through contaminated soil. These nematodes include the large roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides), whipworm (Trichuris trichiura), and hookworm (Ancylostoma ceylanicum, Ancylostoma duodenale, and Necator americanus). Nearly 1.5 billion people (~24% of the population) worldwide are infected with at least one species of these parasites, burdening the poor, in particular, children and pregnant women. To combat these diseases, the WHO only recognizes four anthelmintic drugs, including the preferred drug, albendazole, for mass drug administration (MDA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628782/incorporation-of-a-health-economic-modelling-tool-into-public-health-commissioning-evidence-use-in-a-politicised-context
#10
Tom Sanders, Amy Grove, Sarah Salway, Susan Hampshaw, Elizabeth Goyder
This paper explores how commissioners working in an English local government authority (LA) viewed a health economic decision tool for planning services in relation to diabetes. We conducted 15 interviews and 2 focus groups between July 2015 and February 2016, with commissioners (including public health managers, data analysts and council members). Two overlapping themes were identified explaining the obstacles and enablers of using such a tool in commissioning: a) evidence cultures, and b) system interdependency...
June 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627945/-model-concept-of-the-health-economic-evaluation-of-low-dose-ct-lung-cancer-screening-in-hungary
#11
Zoltán Vokó, Magdolna Barra, Anett Molnár, Anna Kerpel-Fronius, Gábor Bajzik, Ildikó Horváth, Mariann Moizs, Balázs Nagy
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer is a rapidly progressing, often life-threatening disease that constitutes a huge societal burden. Because of the scarce resources of the Hungarian health care system, the cost-effectiveness of introducing low-dose computed tomography screening is a relevant health policy matter. AIM: The aim of this study is to design a model concept for assessing the cost-effectiveness of low-dose computed tomography lung cancer screening in Hungary, and to define the required steps for performing the analysis...
June 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626511/assessment-of-real-world-central-nervous-system-events-in-patients-with-advanced-prostate-cancer-using-abiraterone-acetate-bicalutamide-enzalutamide-or-chemotherapy
#12
Dominic Pilon, Ajay S Behl, Lorie A Ellis, Marie-Noëlle Robitaille, Patrick Lefebvre, Nancy A Dawson
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system (CNS) events are frequently reported among patients with advanced prostate cancer as a consequence of the treatments used in this patient population. OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence of CNS events in patients with advanced prostate cancer who initiated treatment with abiraterone acetate, bicalutamide, enzalutamide, or chemotherapy. METHODS: The Truven Health MarketScan Research databases were used to retrospectively identify patients with prostate cancer who initiated treatment with abiraterone acetate, enzalutamide, bicalutamide, or chemotherapy after September 1, 2012 (ie, the index date)...
May 2017: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625585/access-disparities-to-magnet-hospitals-for-ischemic-stroke-patients
#13
REVIEW
Kimon Bekelis, Symeon Missios, Todd A MacKenzie
Access disparities to centers of excellence can have detrimental consequences for population health. We investigated the presence of racial disparities in the access of stroke patients to hospitals recognized by the Magnet Recognition Program of the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC). We performed a cohort study of all ischemic stroke patients who were registered in the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) database from 2009 to 2013. We examined the association of African-American race with Magnet status hospitalization after ischemic stroke...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625227/a-brief-review-of-salient-factors-influencing-adult-eating-behaviour
#14
Christine Emilien, James H Hollis
A better understanding of the factors that influence eating behaviour is of importance as our food choices are associated with the risk of developing chronic diseases such as obesity, CVD, type 2 diabetes or some forms of cancer. In addition, accumulating evidence suggests that the industrial food production system is a major contributor to greenhouse gas emission and may be unsustainable. Therefore, our food choices may also contribute to climate change. By identifying the factors that influence eating behaviour new interventions may be developed, at the individual or population level, to modify eating behaviour and contribute to society's health and environmental goals...
June 19, 2017: Nutrition Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623899/renin-angiotensin-system-blockers-and-residual-kidney-function-loss-in-patients-initiating-peritoneal-dialysis-an-observational-cohort-study
#15
Jenny I Shen, Anjali B Saxena, Sitaram Vangala, Satvinder K Dhaliwal, Wolfgang C Winkelmayer
BACKGROUND: Although angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and angiotensin-II receptor blockers (ARB) have been shown to preserve residual kidney function in a select group of Asian patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (PD) in two small randomized clinical trials, the effectiveness of these drugs has yet to be demonstrated in a more diverse population of patients with multiple comorbid conditions. We investigated the association between ACEI/ARB use and development of recorded anuria in a cohort of patients initiating PD in the U...
June 17, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623469/association-between-giant-cell-arteritis-and-thyroid-dysfunction-in-a-real-life-population
#16
Yarden Yavne, Shmuel Tiosano, Abdulla Watad, Doron Comaneshter, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Arnon D Cohen, Howard Amital
PURPOSE: Giant cell arteritis is a systemic autoimmune disorder which involves inflammation of medium to large vessels. The association between giant cell arteritis and autoimmune thyroid disorders has been investigated numerous times in the literature with inconsistent results. Our objective was to evaluate whether a genuine association exists between giant cell arteritis and thyroid dysfunction, which is often due to immune-mediated thyroid disease. METHODS: Utilizing the medical database of Clalit Health Services, we compared the proportion of hypo and hyperthyroidisim between patients with giant cell arteritis and age-matched and gender-matched controls in a cross-sectional study...
June 16, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623155/care-toward-the-end-of-life-in-older-populations-and-its-implementation-facilitators-and-barriers-a-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Diane Erin Threapleton, Roger Y Chung, Samuel Y S Wong, Eliza L Y Wong, Nicole Kiang, Patsy Y K Chau, Jean Woo, Vincent C H Chung, Eng Kiong Yeoh
PURPOSE: To inform health system improvements for care of elderly populations approaching the end of life (EOL) by identifying important elements of care and implementation barriers and facilitators. DESIGN: A scoping review was carried out to identify key themes in EOL care. Articles were identified from MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, organizational websites, and internet searches. Eligible publications included reviews, reports, and policy documents published between 2005 and 2016...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621206/baseline-population-health-conditions-ahead-of-a-health-system-strengthening-program-in-rural-madagascar
#18
Ann C Miller, Ranto H Ramananjato, Andres Garchitorena, Victor R Rabeza, Djordje Gikic, Amber Cripps, Laura Cordier, Hery-Tiana Rahaniraka Razanadrakato, Marius Randriamanambintsoa, Lara Hall, Megan Murray, Felicite Safara Razanavololo, Michael L Rich, Matthew H Bonds
BACKGROUND: A model health district was initiated through a program of health system strengthening (HSS) in Ifanadiana District of southeastern Madagascar in 2014. We report population health indicators prior to initiation of the program. METHODS: A representative household survey based on the Demographic Health Survey was conducted using a two-stage cluster sampling design in two strata - the initial program catchment area and the future catchment area. Chi-squared and t-tests were used to compare data by stratum, using appropriate sampling weights...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619700/integrated-detection-and-prediction-of-influenza-activity-for-real-time-surveillance-algorithm-design
#19
Armin Spreco, Olle Eriksson, Örjan Dahlström, Benjamin John Cowling, Toomas Timpka
BACKGROUND: Influenza is a viral respiratory disease capable of causing epidemics that represent a threat to communities worldwide. The rapidly growing availability of electronic "big data" from diagnostic and prediagnostic sources in health care and public health settings permits advance of a new generation of methods for local detection and prediction of winter influenza seasons and influenza pandemics. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to present a method for integrated detection and prediction of influenza virus activity in local settings using electronically available surveillance data and to evaluate its performance by retrospective application on authentic data from a Swedish county...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619076/effectiveness-and-equity-of-the-tanzania-national-voucher-scheme-for-mosquito-nets-over-10%C3%A2-years-of-implementation
#20
Karen Kramer, Renata Mandike, Rose Nathan, Ally Mohamed, Matthew Lynch, Nick Brown, Ally Mnzava, Wilhelmina Rimisho, Christian Lengeler
BACKGROUND: The Tanzania National Voucher Scheme (TNVS) was a public private partnership managed by the Ministry of Health that provided pregnant women and infants with highly subsidized (long-lasting) insecticide-treated nets between 2004 and 2014. It was implemented in the context of the National Insecticide Treated Nets (NATNETS) Programme and was the main keep up strategy for vulnerable populations. CASE DESCRIPTION: The programme design was adjusted considerably over time to incorporate new evidence, shifting public health policies, and changing donor priorities...
June 15, 2017: Malaria Journal
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