keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Systems model population health

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331740/development-and-validation-of-a-new-population-based-simulation-model-of-osteoarthritis-in-new-zealand
#1
Ross Wilson, J Haxby Abbott
OBJECTIVE: To describe the construction and preliminary validation of a new population-based microsimulation model developed to analyse the health and economic burden and cost-effectiveness of treatments for knee osteoarthritis (OA) in New Zealand (NZ). METHOD: We developed the New Zealand Management of Osteoarthritis (NZ-MOA) model, a discrete-time state-transition microsimulation model of the natural history of radiographic knee OA. In this article, we report on the model structure, derivation of input data, validation of baseline model parameters against external data sources, and validation of model outputs by comparison of the predicted population health loss with previous estimates...
January 10, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331471/symposium-review-novel-strategies-to-genetically-improve-mastitis-resistance-in-dairy-cattle
#2
P Martin, H W Barkema, L F Brito, S G Narayana, F Miglior
Mastitis is a disease of major economic importance to the dairy cattle sector because of the high incidence of clinical mastitis and prevalence of subclinical mastitis and, consequently, the costs associated with treatment, production losses, and reduced animal welfare. Disease-recording systems compiling data from a large number of farms are still not widely implemented around the world; thus, selection for mastitis resistance is often based on genetically correlated indicator traits such as somatic cell count (SCC), udder depth, and fore udder attachment...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331268/the-population-biology-and-transmission-dynamics-of-loa-loa
#3
REVIEW
Charles Whittaker, Martin Walker, Sébastien D S Pion, Cédric B Chesnais, Michel Boussinesq, María-Gloria Basáñez
Endemic to Central Africa, loiasis - or African eye worm (caused by the filarial nematode Loa loa) - affects more than 10 million people. Despite causing ocular and systemic symptoms, it has typically been considered a benign condition, only of public health relevance because it impedes mass drug administration-based interventions against onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis in co-endemic areas. Recent research has challenged this conception, demonstrating excess mortality associated with high levels of infection, implying that loiasis warrants attention as an intrinsic public health problem...
January 10, 2018: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331246/estimation-of-expected-dengue-seroprevalence-from-passive-epidemiological-surveillance-systems-in-selected-areas-of-argentina-a-proxy-to-evaluate-the-applicability-of-dengue-vaccination
#4
Pablo Orellano, Darío Vezzani, Nancy Quaranta, Julieta Reynoso, Oscar Daniel Salomón
BACKGROUND: Current recommendations about dengue vaccination by the World Health Organization depend on seroprevalence levels and serological status in populations and individuals. However, seroprevalence estimation may be difficult due to a diversity of factors. Thus, estimation through models using data from epidemiological surveillance systems could be an alternative procedure to achieve this goal. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the expected dengue seroprevalence in children of selected areas in Argentina, using a simple model based on data from passive epidemiological surveillance systems...
January 11, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330837/computer-simulated-modeling-of-healthy-and-diseased-right-ventricular-and-pulmonary-circulation
#5
Jody Chou, Joseph B Rinehart
We have previously developed a simulated cardiovascular physiology model for in-silico testing and validation of novel closed-loop controllers. To date, a detailed model of the right heart and pulmonary circulation was not needed, as previous controllers were not intended for use in patients with cardiac or pulmonary pathology. With new development of controllers for vasopressors, and looking forward, for combined vasopressor-fluid controllers, modeling of right-sided and pulmonary pathology is now relevant to further in-silico validation, so we aimed to expand our existing simulation platform to include these elements...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325698/what-causes-childhood-stunting-among-children-of-san-vicente-guatemala-employing-complimentary-system-analysis-approaches
#6
Lee E Voth-Gaeddert, Matthew Stoker, Devin Cornell, Daniel B Oerther
Guatemala has the sixth worst stunting rate with 48% of children under five years of age classified as stunted according to World Health Organization standards. This study utilizes two different yet complimentary system-analysis approaches to analyze correlations among environmental and demographic variables, environmental enteric dysfunction (EED), and child height-for-age (stunting metric) in Guatemala. Two descriptive models constructed around applicable environmental and demographic factors on child height-for-age and EED were analyzed using Network Analysis (NA) and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM)...
January 5, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325572/modeling-the-relationship-between-women-s-perceptions-and-future-intention-to-use-institutional-maternity-care-in-the-western-highlands-of-guatemala
#7
Emily Peca, John Sandberg
BACKGROUND: Despite global gains, women in hard-to-reach areas are at a relatively higher risk of death and disability related to childbirth. Traditional methods of measuring satisfaction may mask negative experiences (such as disrespect and abuse) that can drive down demand for institutional care. Better measurement of women's perceptions of care quality, especially among marginalized populations with historically low utilization of institutional care, are needed to inform how to improve services and foster greater utilization of (potentially life-saving) clinical care...
January 11, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325000/alcohol-tobacco-and-health-care-costs-a-population-wide-cohort-study-n-606-947-patients-of-current-drinkers-based-on-medical-and-administrative-health-records-from-catalonia
#8
Laia Miquel, Jürgen Rehm, Kevin D Shield, Emili Vela, Montserrat Bustins, Lidia Segura, Joan Colom, Peter Anderson, Antoni Gual
Background: Most cost of illness studies are based on models where information on exposure is combined with risk information from meta-analyses, and the resulting attributable fractions are applied to the number of cases. Methods: This study presents data on alcohol and tobacco use for 2011 and 2012 obtained from a routine medical practice in Catalonia of 606 947 patients, 18 years of age and older, as compared with health care costs for 2013 (all costs from the public health care system: primary health care visits, hospital admissions, laboratory and medical tests, outpatient visits to specialists, emergency department visits and pharmacy expenses)...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324605/estimating-the-hospital-delivery-costs-associated-with-severe-maternal-morbidity-in-new-york-city-2008-2012
#9
Renata E Howland, Meghan Angley, Sang Hee Won, Wendy Wilcox, Hannah Searing, Tsu-Yu Tsao
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the average and total hospital delivery costs associated with severe maternal morbidity in excess of nonsevere maternal morbidity deliveries over a 5-year period in New York City adjusting for other sociodemographic and clinical factors. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study using linked birth certificates and hospital discharge data for New York City deliveries from 2008 to 2012. Severe maternal morbidity was defined using a published algorithm of International Classification of Diseases, 9 Revision, Clinical Modification disease and procedure codes...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323805/wisconsin-firearm-mortality-2000-2014
#10
Wen-Jan Tuan, John J Frey
BACKGROUND: Despite low firearm mortality rates in Wisconsin, overall firearm fatalities continue to rise in recent years. In 2013, the statewide age-adjusted death rate due to firearms was 9.6 per 100,000 persons, the highest mark since the new millennium. This raises not only public safety concerns, but also raises questions regarding ongoing gun violence. OBJECTIVES: To describe the population and geographic characteristics of firearm mortality rates on population and geographic characteristics in Wisconsin...
November 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319585/which-us-states-pose-the-greatest-threats-to-military-readiness-and-public-health-public-health-policy-implications-for-a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-body-mass-index-and-injuries-among-us-army-recruits
#11
Daniel B Bornstein, George L Grieve, Morgan N Clennin, Alexander C McLain, Laurie P Whitsel, Michael W Beets, Keith G Hauret, Bruce H Jones, Mark A Sarzynski
OBJECTIVE: Many states in the southern region of the United States are recognized for higher rates of obesity, physical inactivity, and chronic disease. These states are therefore recognized for their disproportionate public health burden. The purpose of this study was to investigate state-level distributions of cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index (BMI), and injuries among US Army recruits in order to determine whether or not certain states may also pose disproportionate threats to military readiness and national security...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314287/association-of-between-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-atopic-dermatitis-in-children-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Je-Ming Hu, Chin-Sheng Lin, Sy-Jou Chen, Chao-Yang Chen, Cheng-Li Lin, Chia-Hung Kao
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is associated with systemic inflammation and may have a similar pathogenesis as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). However, to date, studies on the association between AD and OSA is limited. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the association between OSA and AD in children in a large-scale, population-based cohort. METHODS: A total of approximately 120,736 children (<18 years) with newly diagnosed AD and 120,736 age- and sex-matched patients without AD from 2000 to 2007 were identified from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database from 2000 to 2007...
January 4, 2018: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311024/-stem-cells-searching-predisposition-to-cardiac-commitment-by-surface-markers-expression
#13
Luis A Lara-Martínez, Ingrid Gutiérrez-Villegas, Victor M Arenas-Luna, Salomón Hernández-Gutierrez
It is well-known that cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death worldwide, and represent an important economic burden to health systems. In an attempt to solve this problem, stem cell therapy has emerged as a therapeutic option. Within the last 20 years, a great variety of stem cells have been used in different myocardial infarction models. Up until now, the use of cardiac stem cells (CSCs) has seemed to be the best option, but the inaccessibility and scarcity of these cells make their use unreliable...
January 5, 2018: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306942/targeting-neutrophils-in-severe-asthma-via-siglec-9
#14
Zi Chen, Fang-Fang Bai, Lu Han, Jin Zhu, Tao Zheng, Zhou Zhu, Lin-Fu Zhou
Severe asthma comprises only 5% of patients with asthma, but the burden it brings to the social health system accounts for more than half of all asthmatics. Clinical evidence shows that severe asthma is often linked to the recruitment and activation of neutrophils in the airways. However, the underlying molecular and immunological mechanisms of neutrophilia in severe asthma are not clear and currently available drugs exert only limited effects on neutrophilic inflammation. Great efforts are underway to address the mystery of neutrophilic inflammation in chronic respiratory disorders...
January 6, 2018: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306937/the-effects-of-stress-and-meditation-on-the-immune-system-human-microbiota-and-epigenetics
#15
Ayman Mukerji Househam, Christine Tara Peterson, Deepak Chopra
Context • Globally, more than 25% of individuals are affected by anxiety and depression disorders. Meditation is gaining popularity in clinical settings and its treatment efficacy is being studied for a wide array of psychological and physiological ailments. An exploration of stress physiology is an essential precursor to delineation of the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of meditation practices. Objective • The review outlines a model of interconnected physiological processes that might support the continued inclusion and expansion of meditation in the treatment of diverse medical conditions and to investigate the role that gut microbiota may play in realizing well-being through meditation...
October 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304943/using-a-discrete-choice-experiment-involving-cost-to-value-a-classification-system-measuring-the-quality-of-life-impact-of-self-management-for-diabetes
#16
Donna Rowen, Katherine Stevens, Alexander Labeit, Jackie Elliott, Brendan Mulhern, Jill Carlton, Hasan Basarir, Julie Ratcliffe, John Brazier
OBJECTIVES: To describe the use of a novel approach in health valuation of a discrete-choice experiment (DCE) including a cost attribute to value a recently developed classification system for measuring the quality-of-life impact (both health and treatment experience) of self-management for diabetes. METHODS: A large online survey was conducted using DCE with cost on UK respondents from the general population (n = 1497) and individuals with diabetes (n = 405). The data were modeled using a conditional logit model with robust standard errors...
January 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304779/list-modelling-with-monitoring-data-to-estimate-impact-on-child-mortality-of-an-ors-and-zinc-programme-with-public-sector-providers-in-bihar-india
#17
Jayachandran A Ayyanat, Catherine Harbour, Sanjeev Kumar, Manjula Singh
BACKGROUND: Many interventions have attempted to increase vulnerable and remote populations' access to ORS and zinc to reduce child mortality from diarrhoea. However, the impact of these interventions is difficult to measure. From 2010 to 15, Micronutrient Initiative (MI), worked with the public sector in Bihar, India to enable community health workers to treat and report uncomplicated child diarrhoea with ORS and zinc. We describe how we estimated programme's impact on child mortality with Lives Saved Tool (LiST) modelling and data from MI's management information system (MIS)...
January 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304089/autoimmune-rheumatic-diseases-increase-dementia-risk-in-middle-aged-patients-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#18
Tzu-Min Lin, Wei-Sheng Chen, Jau-Jiuan Sheu, Yi-Hsuan Chen, Jin-Hua Chen, Chi-Ching Chang
OBJECTIVE: Dementia is a common neurological disease that substantially affects public health. A previous study revealed that dementia occurs when the body's immune system attacks the cells of the brain, indicating that dementia may be similar to autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARDs). In the current retrospective cohort study, we focused on middle-aged ARD patients (45 years or older) to investigate the association between ARDs in middle-aged people and dementia by using a nationwide population-based database in Taiwan...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303881/association-between-optic-disc-hemorrhage-and-renal-function-in-south-korea
#19
Jae Yeun Lee, Joon Mo Kim, SeongHee Shim, Jin Young Lee, Chungkwon Yoo, Ji Yoon Song, Yu Sam Won, Young Youl Hyun, Ki Ho Park
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between renal function and disc hemorrhage (DH). METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional survey was conducted at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital Health Screening Center between August 2012 and July 2013, and a total of 168,044 participants at least 20 years of age who voluntarily visited the health screening center for systemic and ophthalmologic examinations, including fundus photography, were enrolled. All subjects underwent a physical examination and provided samples for laboratory analysis...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302582/secondary-primary-prostate-cancer-after-colorectal-cancer-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study-in-korea
#20
Hyun Soo Kim, Yoon Jin Choi, Dong Woo Shin, Kyung-Do Han, Hyuk Yoon, Cheol Min Shin, Young Soo Park, Nayoung Kim, Dong Ho Lee
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) and prostate cancer frequently occur in developed countries. There are several reports on the association between CRC and prostate cancer; however, the conclusions are inconsistent to investigate the association of the development of secondary primary prostate cancer among patients with prior primary CRC using a nationwide population-based dataset. Methods: Patients registered in the Republic of Korea National Health Insurance System database who were diagnosed with CRC between 2007 and 2012 were followed-up until the end of 2015, and we investigated the new diagnosis secondary primary prostate cancer...
December 2017: Journal of Cancer Prevention
keyword
keyword
54336
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"