keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Calculator

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471597/-clinical-study-of-2014-isup-new-grade-group-classification-for-prostate-cancer-patients-treated-by-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#1
Masahiro Uno, Makoto Kawase, Daiki Kato, Takashi Ishida, Seiichi Kato, Yoshinori Fujimoto
The 2014 International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) has proposed a new grade group (GG) classification for Gleason scores (GS). The usefulness of the new GG classification was investigated with 518 prostate cancer patients who underwent androgen deprivation therapy. According to the new GG classification, Stages B‒D and the new GG classification relapse-free rate for each stage were calculated using the Kaplan‒Meier method. The new GG classification revealed a significant difference for the relapse-free rate only between some groups...
January 2018: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471596/-clinical-benefits-of-transurethral-resection-under-narrow-band-imaging-for-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#2
Koji Mita, Kohei Kobatake, Shinya Ohara, Masao Kato
The aim of this study was to reveal the clinical benefits of transurethral resection (TUR) under narrow band imaging (NBI-TUR) for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) compared with conventional white light imaging TUR (WLI-TUR). The subjects were 172 patients with NMIBC who were followed for more than 1 year after undergoing TUR with no additional postoperative treatment. In the WLI-TUR group (n=101), lesions that were detected as positive after systematic intravesical observation under WLI were resected completely under WLI...
January 2018: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471545/high-protein-distillers-dried-grains-with-solubles-produced-using-a-novel-front-end-back-end-fractionation-technology-has-greater-nutritional-value-than-conventional-distillers-dried-grains-with-solubles-when-fed-to-growing-pigs
#3
C D Espinosa, H H Stein
Two experiments were conducted to determine the standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of CP and AA, apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD) of GE, and DE and ME in conventional distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS-CV) and in a novel source of high-protein distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS-HP) produced by Lincolnway Energy (Nevada, IA). In Exp. 1, 18 barrows (initial BW: 72.47 ± 9.16 kg) that had a T-cannula installed in the distal ileum were allotted to a completely randomized design with 3 diets and 6 replicate pigs per diet...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471541/the-caucasian-nasal-septum-an-in-vivo-computed-tomography-study
#4
Charles Daultrey, John Hardman, Shahram Anari
Background: The nasal septum is composed of cartilaginous and bony components and an understanding of each component volume is essential in both functional and cosmetic surgery. Objectives: We sought to radiographically measure septal dimensions on cross sectional computer tomography (CT) images, establishing average parameters for normal anatomy among a single, Caucasian population group. Methods: One hundred and fifty consecutive sinus CT scan images were examined and 100 cases with appropriate sagittal views were included in the study...
February 19, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471533/reproducibility-of-work-ability-and-work-functioning-instruments
#5
A van Schaaijk, K Nieuwenhuijsen, M H W Frings-Dresen, J K Sluiter
Background: Work ability (WA) and work functioning (WF) instruments can be useful in occupational health practice. The reproducibility of both instruments is important to their relevance for daily practice. Clinimetrics concerns the methodological and statistical quality of instruments and their performance in practice. Aims: To assess the reproducibility of WA and WF instruments. Methods: Dutch workers completed a questionnaire containing WA questions and the WF questionnaire twice with a 7-day interval between...
February 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471477/feasibility-of-smartphone-application-and-social-media-intervention-on-breast-cancer-survivors-health-outcomes
#6
Zachary Pope, Jung Eun Lee, Nan Zeng, Hee Yun Lee, Zan Gao
Breast cancer survivors are at risk for poor health, with physical activity a possible treatment. Little research has examined how technology might promote breast cancer survivor physical activity or health. The aim of this study is to investigate the feasibility of employing a commercially available mobile health application- and social media-based health education intervention to improve breast cancer survivor physical activity or health.Ten breast cancer survivors (X̅ age = 45.80 ± 10.23 years; X̅ weight = 79...
February 17, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471434/disease-definition-for-schizophrenia-by-functional-connectivity-using-radiomics-strategy
#7
Long-Biao Cui, Lin Liu, Hua-Ning Wang, Liu-Xian Wang, Fan Guo, Yi-Bin Xi, Ting-Ting Liu, Chen Li, Ping Tian, Kang Liu, Wen-Jun Wu, Yi-Huan Chen, Wei Qin, Hong Yin
Specific biomarker reflecting neurobiological substrates of schizophrenia (SZ) is required for its diagnosis and treatment selection of SZ. Evidence from neuroimaging has implicated disrupted functional connectivity in the pathophysiology. We aimed to develop and validate a method of disease definition for SZ by resting-state functional connectivity using radiomics strategy. This study included 2 data sets collected with different scanners. A total of 108 first-episode SZ patients and 121 healthy controls (HCs) participated in the current study, among which 80% patients and HCs (n = 183) and 20% (n = 46) were selected for training and testing in intra-data set validation and 1 of the 2 data sets was selected for training and the other for testing in inter-data set validation, respectively...
February 17, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471432/effectiveness-of-seven-and-thirteen-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-in-a-schedule-without-a-booster-dose-a-ten-year-observational-study
#8
Sanjay Jayasinghe, Clayton Chiu, Helen Quinn, Rob Menzies, Robin Gilmour, Peter McIntyre
Background: Uniquely among high income countries, Australia uses a 3+0 schedule (3 primary doses; no booster) for infant pneumococcal conjugate vaccine since January 2005, initially 7-valent (PCV7) then 13-valent (PCV13) from July 2011. We measured vaccine effectiveness (VE) of both PCVs against invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) by two methods. Method: Cases were IPD notifications to national surveillance system in children eligible for respective PCVs. For the case-control method, up to ten age-matched controls were derived from Australian Childhood Immunisation Register...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471369/genome-wide-association-study-of-stayability-and-heifer-pregnancy-in-red-angus-cattle
#9
S E Speidel, B A Buckley, R J Boldt, R M Enns, J Lee, M L Spangler, M G Thomas
Reproductive performance is the most important component of cattle production from the standpoint of economic sustainability of commercial beef enterprises. Heifer Pregnancy (HPG) and Stayability (STAY) genetic predictions are two selection tools published by the Red Angus Association of America (RAAA) to assist with improvements in reproductive performance. Given the importance of HPG and STAY to the profitability of commercial beef enterprises, the objective of this study was to identify QTL associated with both HPG and STAY in Red Angus cattle...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471355/closing-the-loop-with-an-enhanced-referral-management-system
#10
Harley Ramelson, Amanda Nederlof, Sam Karmiy, Pamela Neri, David Kiernan, Rajlakshmi Krishnamurthy, Adrienne Allen, David W Bates
Objective: To evaluate the impact of a referral manager tool on primary care practices. Materials and Methods: We evaluated a referral manager module in a locally developed electronic health record (EHR) that was enhanced to improve the referral management process in primary care practices. Baseline (n = 61) and follow-up (n = 35) provider and staff surveys focused on the ease of performing various steps in the referral process, confidence in completing those steps, and user satisfaction...
February 17, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471323/what-s-to-be-done-about-laboratory-quality-process-indicators-laboratory-stewardship-the-outcomes-problem-risk-assessment-and-economic-value-responding-to-contemporary-global-challenges
#11
Frederick A Meier, Tony C Badrick, Kenneth A Sikaris
Objectives: For 50 years, structure, process, and outcomes measures have assessed health care quality. For clinical laboratories, structural quality has generally been assessed by inspection. For assessing process, quality indicators (QIs), statistical monitors of steps in the clinical laboratory total testing, have proliferated across the globe. Connections between structural and process laboratory measures and patient outcomes, however, have rarely been demonstrated. Methods: To inform further development of clinical laboratory quality systems, we conducted a selective but worldwide review of publications on clinical laboratory quality assessment...
February 17, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471303/awareness-of-the-new-kidney-allocation-system-among-united-states-dialysis-providers-with-low-waitlisting
#12
Rachel E Patzer, Mohua Basu, Kayla D Smith, Laura Plantinga, Sumit Mohan, Cam Escoffery, Joyce J Kim, Taylor Melanson, Stephen O Pastan
It is unknown whether dialysis facility staff are aware of the new kidney allocation system implemented in December 2014, which changed how deceased donor kidneys are allocated and waiting time is calculated. U.S. dialysis facilities with low annual waitlisting (<15.2%) were surveyed as part of a large randomized study. Among 653 facilities, 57.9% of staff were aware of the policy change, with medical directors (84.4%) being more aware than social workers (73.3%), facility administrators (53.1%), nurse managers (46...
February 22, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471287/preoperative-grading-of-glioma-using-dynamic-susceptibility-contrast-mri-relative-cerebral-blood-volume-analysis-of-intra-tumoural-and-peri-tumoural-tissue
#13
Radwa K Soliman, Sara A Gamal, Abdel-Hakeem A Essa, Mostafa H Othman
OBJECTIVES: To assess the usefulness of intra-tumor and peri-tumoral relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) in preoperative glioma grading. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 21 patients with histopathologically confirmed glioma were included. Imaging was achieved on a 1.5T MRI scanner. Dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) MRI was performed using T2* weighted gradient echo-planner imaging (EPI). Multiple regions of interest (ROIs) have been drawn in the hotspots regions, the highest ROI has been selected to represent the rCBV of each intra-tumoral and peri-tumoral regions...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471223/indirect-calculation-of-monoclonal-antibodies-in-nanoparticles-using-the-radiolabeling-process-with-technetium-99-metastable-as-primary-factor-alternative-methodology-for-the-entrapment-efficiency
#14
Edward Helal-Neto, Santiago Sánchez Cabezas, Félix Sancenón, Ramón Martínez-Máñez, Ralph Santos-Oliveira
The use of monoclonal antibodies (Mab) in the current medicine is increasing. Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) represents an increasingly and important modality for treating several types of cancer. In this area, the use of Mab associated with nanoparticles is a valuable strategy. However, the methodology used to calculate the Mab entrapment, efficiency and content is extremely expensive. In this study we developed and tested a novel very simple one-step methodology to calculate monoclonal antibody entrapment in mesoporous silica (with magnetic core) nanoparticles using the radiolabeling process as primary methodology...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471186/maternal-exposure-to-ambient-pm-10-during-pregnancy-increases-the-risk-of-congenital-heart-defects-evidence-from-machine-learning-models
#15
Zhoupeng Ren, Jun Zhu, Yanfang Gao, Qian Yin, Maogui Hu, Li Dai, Changfei Deng, Lin Yi, Kui Deng, Yanping Wang, Xiaohong Li, Jinfeng Wang
Previous research suggested an association between maternal exposure to ambient air pollutants and risk of congenital heart defects (CHDs), though the effects of particulate matter ≤10μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM10 ) on CHDs are inconsistent. We used two machine learning models (i.e., random forest (RF) and gradient boosting (GB)) to investigate the non-linear effects of PM10 exposure during the critical time window, weeks 3-8 in pregnancy, on risk of CHDs. From 2009 through 2012, we carried out a population-based birth cohort study on 39,053 live-born infants in Beijing...
February 19, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471160/persistent-first-intersegmental-artery-pfia-visualized-by-three-dimensional-computed-tomography-angiography-in-chinese-population
#16
Haocong Zhang, Wei Chai, Shuang Wang, Yan Wang, Hongwei Li
BACKGROUND: Persistent first intersegmental artery (PFIA) is one of the most frequently vertebral artery (VA) variations. The presence of PFIA obviously increases the complexity and difficulty of vertebral lesion treatment. Thus, preoperative detection of PFIA is necessary to increase the successful rate of surgeries. We attempted to evaluate the utility value of three-dimension (3D) computed tomography angiography (CTA) for detecting PFIA in the north Chinese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients subjected to CTA between June 2012 and March 2014 were recruited from 5 clinical centers in the north of China...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471155/early-results-of-magnetic-sphincter-augmentation-versus-fundoplication-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Alberto Aiolfi, Emanuele Asti, Daniele Bernardi, Gianluca Bonitta, Emanuele Rausa, Stefano Siboni, Luigi Bonavina
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Nissen and Toupet fundoplication (LF) are currently considered gold-standard surgical treatment for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD). Magnetic Sphincter Augmentation (MSA) is an innovative surgical procedure that has been showed to be effective to control GERD symptoms and to reduce esophageal acid exposure. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare early outcomes of LF and MSA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases were consulted matching the terms "Gastroesophageal reflux or heartburn", "LINX or magnetic sphincter augmentation" and "fundoplication"...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471111/mortality-prediction-in-intensive-care-units-icus-using-a-deep-rule-based-fuzzy-classifier
#18
Raheleh Davoodi, Mohammad Hassan Moradi
Electronic health records (EHRs) contain critical information useful for clinical studies. Early assessment of patients' mortality in intensive care units is of great importance. In this paper, a Deep Rule-Based Fuzzy System (DRBFS) was proposed to develop an accurate in-hospital mortality prediction in the intensive care unit (ICU) patients employing a large number of input variables. Our main contribution is proposing a system, which is capable of dealing with big data with heterogeneous mixed categorical and numeric attributes...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471109/extensively-drug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-bacteremias-in-a-multidisciplinary-intensive-care-unit-during-a-6-year-period-risk-factors-for-fulminant-sepsis
#19
M Katsiari, A Mavroidi, E D Platsouka, C Nikolaou
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine potential host-, pathogen-, infection- and treatment-related risk factors that might predict a fulminant, fatal course of bacteremia caused extensively drug-resistant A. baumannii (XDR Aba). METHODS: Eighty-seven patients with monomicrobial growth of XDR Aba in blood cultures within a 6-year period were studied. Patients were divided into three groups, according to ICU outcome. Group A (n=40) consisted of patients who survived, Group B (n=10) included patients with fulminant sepsis that died early (<48h), whereas Group C (n=37) included patients that died later (> 48h) after the onset of bacteremia...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471086/gastroprotective-effect-of-ethanol-extracts-of-cladodes-and-roots-of-pilosocereus-gounellei-a-weber-ex-k-schum-bly-ex-rowl-cactaceae-on-experimental-ulcer-models
#20
Glaubert A Sousa, Irisdalva S Oliveira, Francilene V Silva-Freitas, Ana Flávia S C Viana, Benedito P S Neto, Francisco Valmor M Cunha, Rodrigo L G Gonçalves, Antônio Carlos M Lima Filho, Maurício P M Amaral, Rita de Cássia M Oliveira, Pedro D Fernandes, Jéssica K S Maciel, Tânia Maria S da Silva, Maria de Fátima V Souza, Francisco A Oliveira
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pilosocereus gounellei Cactaceae), popularly known as "xique xique", is a species native from Caatinga region of Northeast Brazil, which is used by traditional communities in folk medicine for a variety of health problems, especially inflammatory processes and gastritis. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study investigates the possible gastric antiulceractivity of ethanol extracts obtained from the cladodes and roots of Pilosocereus gounellei (EECPG and EERPG, respectively) and mechanisms of action underlying this effect...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
keyword
keyword
5433
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"