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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928173/incidence-of-post-anesthetic-colic-in-non-fasted-adult-equine-patients
#1
Patricia A Bailey, Brent A Hague, Michael Davis, Michael D Major, Chad J Zubrod, Jeff E Brakenhoff
The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of post-anesthetic colic in non-fasted adult horses undergoing isoflurane inhalant anesthesia for an elective, non-abdominal procedure at a single referral center. Medical records were searched from May 1, 2012 to May 31, 2014. Inclusion criteria included non-fasted patients ≥ 2 years of age that were anesthetized for an elective, non-abdominal procedure. The incidence of post-anesthetic colic for this study population was 2.5%. None of the risk factors examined (season, age, gender, breed, surgeon, procedure, recumbency, butorphanol administration, additional surgical complications, and the length of anesthesia) were associated with an increased risk of post-anesthetic colic...
December 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914605/simultaneous-detection-of-recombinant-growth-hormones-in-equine-plasma-by-liquid-chromatography-high-resolution-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-doping-control
#2
Kin-Sing Wong, George H M Chan, Emmie N M Ho, Terence S M Wan
Growth hormone (GH), or somatotropin, is a protein that may enhance physical performance and facilitate growth and wound healing. For this reason, growth hormones and their recombinant analogues are prohibited in human sports by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and in horseracing under Article 6 of the International Agreement on Breeding, Racing and Wagering published by the International Federation of Horse Racing Authorities (IFHA). Identifying the illicit use of GHs in both human athletes and racehorses is challenging, especially when differentiating between endogenous and exogenous GHs, and between analogues of GH from different species...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911482/meat-quality-and-intramuscular-fatty-acid-composition-of-catria-horse
#3
Maria Federica Trombetta, Francesco Nocelli, Marina Pasquini
In order to extend scientific knowledge on autochthonous Italian equine meat, the physical-chemical parameters of Catria Horse Longissimus thoracis (LT) muscle and its nutritional characteristics have been investigated. Ten steaks of Catria foal raised at pasture and fattened indoors for 2 months were dissected, and LT muscle was analyzed for chemical composition, total iron, drip loss, colorimetric characteristics, intramuscular fat, fatty acid profile and nutritional indexes. Steak dissection showed that LT muscle accounted for 36...
December 2, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905284/parasites-determined-by-fecal-examination-in-horses-in-erzurum
#4
Hamza Avcıoğlu, Esin Güven, İbrahim Balkaya, Şevki Yavuz, Uğur Abay, Muzaffer Akyüz, Ömer Eltas
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the parasites present in horses belonging to the Erzurum Province. METHODS: Fecal samples were collected from 76 horses of different ages, genders and breeds in Erzurum. Individual fecal samples were collected and examined by flotation and sedimentation methods. RESULTS: The following species were detected: strongylid egg (57.89%), Parascaris equorum (10.52%), Dicrocoelium dendriticum (2.63%), Fasciola spp...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902739/degenerative-suspensory-ligament-desmitis-dsld-in-peruvian-paso-horses-is-characterized-by-altered-expression-of-tgf%C3%AE-signaling-components-in-adipose-derived-stromal-fibroblasts
#5
Wei Luo, John Sandy, Katie Trella, Daniel Gorski, Shuguang Gao, Jun Li, Sabrina Brounts, Jorge Galante, Anna Plaas
Equine degenerative suspensory ligament desmitis (DSLD) in Peruvian Paso horses typically presents at 7-15 years and is characterized by lameness, focal disorganization of collagen fibrils, and chondroid deposition in the body of the ligament. With the aim of developing a test for disease risk (that can be used to screen horses before breeding) we have quantified the expression of 76 TGFβ-signaling target genes in adipose-derived stromal fibroblasts (ADSCs) from six DSLD-affected and five unaffected Paso horses...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882682/prevalence-of-equine-hepacivirus-infections-in-france-and-evidence-for-two-viral-subtypes-circulating-worldwide
#6
S Pronost, E Hue, C Fortier, M Foursin, G Fortier, F Desbrosse, F A Rey, P-H Pitel, E Richard, B Saunier
Like hepatitis C virus (HCV) in humans, the newly identified equine hepacivirus (NPHV) displays a predominating liver tropism that may evolve into chronic infections. The genomes of the two viruses share several organizational and functional features and are phylogenetically closest amongst the Hepacivirus genus. A limited amount of data is available regarding the spread of hepacivirus infections in horses. In this study, we asked whether in a more representative sample the prevalence and distribution of NPHV infections in France would resemble that reported so far in other countries...
November 24, 2016: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836047/a-study-of-leptospirosis-in-south-african-horses-and-associated-risk-factors
#7
V Simbizi, M N Saulez, A Potts, C Lötter, B Gummow
Most leptospiral infections in horses are asymptomatic; however, acute disease manifestations as well as reproductive failure and recurrent uveitis have been reported. In South Africa, the epidemiology of the disease in horses is not well documented. A serosurvey to determine what serovars were present in horses from Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal and Western Cape Provinces and to get an estimate of the seroprevalence of leptospirosis was carried out from January 2013 until April 2014 with the assistance of four large equine hospitals located in these provinces...
November 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810207/are-horse-age-and-incision-length-associated-with-surgical-site-infection-following-equine-colic-surgery
#8
S J M Darnaud, L L Southwood, H W Aceto, D Stefanovski, L Tomassone, L Zarucco
It is our clinical impression that age and incision length are more strongly associated with surgical site infection (SSI) following colic surgery than skin closure or wound protection method. Therefore, the objective of this observational clinical cohort study was to identify the risks for SSI in horses undergoing colic surgery. Data collection included pre-, intra-, and postoperative variables. Variables with P < 0.2 following univariable analysis were used in a logistic regression multivariable model...
November 2016: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795409/structural-biology-of-the-arterivirus-nsp11-endoribonucleases
#9
Manfeng Zhang, Xiaorong Li, Zengqin Deng, Zhenhang Chen, Yang Liu, Yina Gao, Wei Wu, Zhongzhou Chen
: Endoribonuclease (NendoU) is unique and conserved as a major genetic marker in nidoviruses that infect vertebrate hosts. Arterivirus non-structural protein (nsp) 11 was shown to have NendoU activity and play essential roles in the viral life cycle. Here, we report three crystal structures of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) and equine arteritis virus (EAV) nsp11 mutants. The structures of arterivirus nsp11 contain two conserved compact domains: N-terminal domain (NTD) and C-terminal domain (CTD)...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782799/novel-equine-tissue-mirnas-and-breed-related-mirna-expressed-in-serum
#10
Alicja Pacholewska, Núria Mach, Xavier Mata, Anne Vaiman, Laurent Schibler, Eric Barrey, Vincent Gerber
BACKGROUND: MiRNAs regulate multiple genes at the post-transcriptional level and therefore play an important role in many biological processes. It has been suggested that miRNA exported outside the cells contribute to inter-cellular communication. Consequently, circulating miRNAs are of particular interest and are promising biomarkers for many diseases. The number of miRNAs annotated in the horse genome is much lower compared to model organisms like human and mouse. We therefore aimed to identify novel equine miRNAs for tissue types and breed in serum...
October 26, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766982/a-modified-oral-sugar-test-for-evaluation-of-insulin-and-glucose-dynamics-in-horses
#11
Sanna Lindåse, Katarina Nostell, Johan Bröjer
BACKGROUND: An oral sugar test (OST) using Karo(®) Light Corn Syrup has been developed in the USA as a field test for the assessment of insulin dysregulation in horses but the syrup is not available in Scandinavian grocery stores. The aim of the study was to compare the results of a modified OST between horses with equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) and healthy horses using a Scandinavian commercially available glucose syrup (Dansukker glykossirap). In addition, the effect of breed and the repeatability of the test were evaluated...
October 20, 2016: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746003/expression-and-localization-of-cysteine-rich-secretory-protein-3-crisp-3-in-the-prepubertal-and-postpubertal-male-horse
#12
C E Fedorka, K E Scoggin, E L Squires, B A Ball, M H T Troedsson
The seminal plasma protein, cysteine-rich secretory protein-3 (CRISP-3), has been correlated with increased fertility and first-cycle conception rates, and has been suggested to be involved in the modulation of polymorphonuclear neutrophil and phagocytosis of spermatozoa during the inflammatory response to breeding in the horse. Previous research demonstrated that equine CRISP-3 is located in both the ampulla of the vas deferens and the seminal vesicles. However, this was done with nonquantitative laboratory techniques...
September 21, 2016: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733725/intrauterine-insemination-with-fresh-semen-in-amur-leopard-cat-pionailurus-bengalensis-eutilura-during-non-breeding-season
#13
Hideo Tajima, Madoka Yoshizawa, Shinichi Sasaki, Fujio Yamamoto, Etsuo Narushima, Toshihiko Tsutsui, Takashi Funahashi, Satoshi Kusuda, Osamu Doi, Yuriko Tateyama, Masanori Kobayashi, Tatsuya Hori, Eiichi Kawakami
Equine and human chorionic gonadotropins were administered to two female Amur leopard cats to induce estrus and ovulation during non-breeding season. Fresh semen collected from male cats was surgically inseminated into the uterine horn of the females. In one animal, two fetal sacs without heartbeats were observed on abdominal ultrasonography 31 days after insemination, which indicated that embryo death had occurred. In the other animal, fetal heartbeats were detected in two fetal sacs 29 days after insemination, which confirmed as pregnancy...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726992/advances-in-diagnostics-and-therapeutic-techniques-in-breeding-behavior-disorders-in-stallions
#14
REVIEW
Sue M McDonnell
Despite the suboptimal aspects of domestic breeding conditions compared with the natural conditions under which their reproductive behavior evolved, most domestic stallions can adapt to management and breeding programs. Most respond adequately or quickly learn to safely abide the restraint and direction of a human handler, and can adapt to changes in methods of breeding for semen collection. If not, the problems can range from inadequate or variable sexual interest and response to overenthusiastic or aggressive response beyond the ability of the handlers to safely direct and control...
December 2016: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Equine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671686/diagnosis-and-prevalence-of-theileria-equi-horses-in-western-mexico-by-nested-pcr
#15
Miguel Angel Ayala-Valdovinos, Clemente Lemus-Flores, Jorge Galindo-García, Jacinto Bañuelos-Pineda, Javier Germán Rodríguez-Carpena, David Sánchez-Chiprés, Theodor Duifhuis-Rivera
Theileria equi infection prevalence was calculated from 1000 blood samples obtained from apparently healthy horses in western Mexico. Samples were sent to the Animal Biotechnology Laboratory of the University of Guadalajara (Mexico) for T. equi diagnosis. Nested polymerase chain reaction (nPCR) was used as a diagnostic method to detect pathogen DNA. Using primers for the merozoite antigen-1 (EMA-1) gene, 19.70±2.47% of the horses (95% CI, 17.23-22.17%) tested positive for T. equi. There was no significant association between gender and T...
September 23, 2016: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611486/variability-of-lysozyme-and-lactoferrin-bioactive-protein-concentrations-in-equine-milk-in-relation-to-lyz-and-ltf-gene-polymorphisms-and-expression
#16
Jakub Cieslak, Lukasz Wodas, Alicja Borowska, Jan Sadoch, Piotr Pawlak, Kamila Puppel, Beata Kuczynska, Mariusz Mackowski
BACKGROUND: Equine milk is considered to be an interesting product for human nutrition, mainly owing to its low allergenicity and significant amounts of bioactive proteins, including lysozyme (LYZ) and lactoferrin (LTF). The present study assessed the effect of genetic factors on LYZ and LTF concentration variability in mare's milk. RESULTS: Significant effects of horse breed and lactation stage on milk LYZ and LTF contents were observed. The highest level of LTF and the lowest concentration of LYZ were recorded for the Polish Warmblood Horse breed...
September 9, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566678/heritability-and-factors-associated-with-number-of-harness-race-starts-in-the-spanish-trotter-horse-population
#17
M Solé, M Valera, M D Gómez, J Sölkner, A Molina, G Mészáros
BACKGROUND: Longevity/durability is a relevant trait in racehorses. Genetic analysis and knowledge of factors that influence number of harness race starts would be advantageous for both horse welfare and the equine industry. OBJECTIVES: To perform a genetic analysis on harness racing using number of races as a measure of longevity/durability and to identify factors associated with career length in Spanish Trotter Horses (STH). STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study...
August 27, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564584/risk-factors-in-equine-transport-related-health-problems-a-survey-of-the-australian-equine-industry
#18
B Padalino, S L Raidal, E Hall, P Knight, P Celi, L Jeffcott, G Muscatello
BACKGROUND: Transportation can affect equine health and is a potential source of economic loss to the industry. OBJECTIVES: To identify journey (duration, vehicle, commercial or noncommercial) and horse (sex, age, breed, use, amateur or professional status) characteristics associated with the development of transport-related health problems in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. METHODS: An online survey was conducted targeting amateur and professional participants in the Australian equine industry; eligible respondents were required to organise horse movements at least monthly...
August 26, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550155/clinical-and-pathologic-features-of-a-suspected-selenium-deficiency-in-captive-plains-zebras
#19
Feilan Chen, Jie Gao, Denghu Wu, Lei Xu, Wenli Han, Denghua Zhang, Xiaoyun Bi, Mingzhong He, Yongquan Pan
Previous studies have shown that selenium (Se) deficiency is associated with nutritional myopathy, known as white muscle disease (WMD), in horses. However, correlations between Se deficiency and clinical findings, such as hematologic biochemical values and pathological features, have not been evaluated in captive plains zebras. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the clinical and pathologic features that may be caused by a Se deficiency in the captive plains zebra. Clinical findings, feed analyses, hematologic biochemical analyses, response to treatment, and pathologic examination were assessed in six affected plains zebras...
August 23, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27527762/estimating-the-incidence-of-equine-viral-arteritis-and-the-sensitivity-of-its-surveillance-in-the-french-breeding-stock
#20
J P Amat, T Vergne, J Tapprest, B Ferry, A Hans, P Hendrikx, B Dufour, A Leblond
Equine viral arteritis (EVA) may have serious economic impact on the equine industry. For this reason, it is monitored in many countries, especially in breeding stock, to avoid its spread during breeding activities. In France, surveillance is mainly based on serological tests, since mares are not vaccinated, but difficulties in interpreting certain series of results may impair the estimation of the number of outbreaks. In this study, we propose specific rules for identifying seroconversion in order to estimate the number of outbreaks that were detected by the breeding stock surveillance component (BSSC) in France between 2006 and 2013...
August 30, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
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