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Rakesh Bhadade, Minal Harde, Rosemarie deSouza, Ashwini More, Ramesh Bharmal
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial pneumonia poses great challenge to an intensivist. Detailed information about hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-acquired pneumonia (VAP) is crucial for prevention and optimal management, thus improving quality Intensive Care Unit (ICU) care. Hence, we aimed to study the current trend of nosocomial pneumonia in ICU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a prospective observational cohort study, conducted in the ICU of a tertiary care teaching public hospital over a period of 18 months...
July 2017: Annals of African Medicine
J Robert, Y Péan, S Alfandari, J-P Bru, J-P Bedos, C Rabaud, R Gauzit
In 2011, the French Agency for Safety of Health Products issued guidelines underlining the principles of proper aminoglycosides' use. The aim of the survey was to evaluate adherence to these guidelines two years after their issue. Characteristics of patients receiving aminoglycosides were recorded by voluntary facilities during a 3-month survey in 2013-2014. The modalities of aminoglycosides treatment were analysed by comparison with the French guidelines. A total of 3,323 patients were included by 176 facilities...
July 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Deborah Money, Victoria M Allen
OBJECTIF: Analyser les données issues de la littérature et formuler des recommandations sur la prise en charge des parturientes en vue de prévenir l'infection néonatale à streptocoques du groupe B d'apparition précoce. Parmi les révisions clés que renferme la présente directive clinique mise à jour, on trouve des modifications quant aux recommandations en ce qui concerne les schémas posologiques d'antibioprophylaxie, les épreuves de sensibilité et la prise en charge des femmes présentant une rupture prématurée des membranes...
December 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Rémy Gauzit, Yves Pean, Serge Alfandari, Jean-Pierre Bru, Jean-Pierre Bedos, Christian Rabaud, Jérôme Robert
The objective of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of carbapenem use in French healthcare settings in order to guide future actions. Healthcare facilities voluntarily participated in a nationwide cross-sectional survey in 2011. Medical data and reasons for carbapenem treatment (CPR) and discontinuation were recorded for all patients treated with carbapenems. A total of 2338 patients were recorded by 207 facilities. The median duration of CPR was 8 days, and 31.4% of patients received CPR for >10 days...
December 2015: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
J Raymond, R Cohen, M Bellaiche
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
V Dacquet, F Biron, D Gontier, G Choquet-Kasylevsky, A Niwiczka, I Harding, C Atlani, D Peyramond
Teicoplanin was used in three hospitals over 6 years in 112 cases of bone or joint infection and the results were reviewed retrospectively. Teicoplanin was used at a dose of 400 mg/day, after a 3-day loading regimen, in combination with other agents, usually netilmicin at the beginning of the treatment. Most infections were chronic (mean duration = 20.9 months) and had failed previous antibiotic or surgical treatment. Gram-positive organisms were isolated in 120/137 identified strains (64 methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus or coagulase négative Staphylococci) and all were susceptible to teicoplanin except one (intermediate for NCCLS norms)...
May 1996: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
J Y Lazennec, C Laville, B Konel, R Roy-Camille, G Saillant, M P Poloujadoff
Post operative infection in spine surgery is a well known complication. The authors studied a series of 90 patients in accordance with an homogenous strategy based on the excision of necrotic and infected tissues, associated with appropriate antibiotics.The results are analyzed according to the degree of infection (which is based on the type of germs and their associations), and type of patients, the delay in diagnosis and the anatomical extension of the infected lesions.Making a difference between superficial and deep infection is of no therapeutic value and may lead to wrong and inadequate treatment...
May 1996: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
J Robert, Y Péan, E Varon, J-P Bru, J-P Bedos, X Bertrand, A Lepape, J-P Stahl, R Gauzit
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of a point prevalence survey for monitoring antibiotic use in a voluntary sample of French hospitals. METHODS: Demographic and medical data were collected for all inpatients. Additional characteristics regarding antimicrobial treatment, type of infection and microbiological results were collected only for patients receiving antimicrobials. RESULTS: Among 3964 patients in 38 hospitals, 343 (8.7%) received antimicrobial prophylaxis and 1276 (32...
April 2012: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
A Chaibdraa, M S Medjellekh, A Saouli, M C Bentakouk
Le Pseudomonasest un agent pathogène à l'origine d'infections nosocomiales graves dans les centres des brûlés. Son opportunisme et sa virulence en font une préoccupation majeure. Ce travail se propose d'évaluer la place de cette bactérie dans l'écologie bactérienne locale et d'en apprécier la sensibilité aux antibiotiques. Cette étude rétrospective préliminaire porte sur la période de juin 2003 à décembre 2005. Elle intéresse l'ensemble des prélèvements bactériologiques ayant pu être réalisés au centre des brûlés d'Annaba...
December 31, 2008: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
J Carlet et al.
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2011: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
Jérôme Robert, Anne Tristan, Laurent Cavalié, Jean-Winoc Decousser, Michèle Bes, Jerome Etienne, Frédéric Laurent
The epidemiology of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) differs from country to country. We assess the features of the ST80 European clone, which is the most prevalent PVL-positive CA-MRSA clone in Europe, and the TSST-1 ST5 clone that was recently described in France. In 2008, all MRSA strains susceptible to fluoroquinolones and gentamicin and resistant to fusidic acid that were isolated in 104 French laboratories were characterized using agr alleles, spa typing, and the staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec element and PCR profiling of 21 toxin genes...
April 2011: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Elifsu Sabuncu, Julie David, Claire Bernède-Bauduin, Sophie Pépin, Michel Leroy, Pierre-Yves Boëlle, Laurence Watier, Didier Guillemot
BACKGROUND: Overuse of antibiotics is the main force driving the emergence and dissemination of bacterial resistance in the community. France consumes more antibiotics and has the highest rate of beta-lactam resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae than any other European country. In 2001, the government initiated "Keep Antibiotics Working"; the program's main component was a campaign entitled "Les antibiotiques c'est pas automatique" ("Antibiotics are not automatic") launched in 2002. We report the evaluation of this campaign by analyzing the evolution of outpatient antibiotic use in France 2000-2007, according to therapeutic class and geographic and age-group patterns...
June 2, 2009: PLoS Medicine
M Labetoulle, C Chiquet
The arrival of fluoroquinolones in the 1980s aroused enormous enthusiasm in the medical community, justified by the spectrum of antibacterial activity, good tolerance, and wide distribution in tissues, even after oral administration. However, the extensive use of these new antibiotiques finally ended in emerging resistance, which limits the efficiency of all the molecules in the class, including those that have appeared in the last few years. Ocular diseases also benefited from the emergence of fluoroquinolones, notably for topical treatments...
October 2008: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Paul De Munter, Willy Peetermans, Dominique Declerck et al.
Guidelines for the prophylaxis of infective endocarditis have historically evolved and have been based on limited medical evidence. New data suggest that infectious endocarditis is much more likely to result from frequent exposure to random bacteremias associated with daily activities than from bacteremia caused by a dental, gastrointestinal (GI) or genitourinary (GU) tract procedure, that prophylaxis may prevent an exceedingly small number of cases of endocarditis in patients who undergo a dental, GI tract or GU tract procedure and that the risk of antibiotic-associated adverse events may exceed the benefit from prophylactic antibiotic therapy...
2008: Revue Belge de Médecine Dentaire
J D Nadeau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1952: Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine and Veterinary Science
J D Cavallo, D Hocquet, P Plesiat, R Fabre, M Roussel-Delvallez et al.
OBJECTIVES: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major causative agent of hospital infections. The purpose of this study was to determine the antibiotic susceptibility of P. aeruginosa in a French multicentre study and to investigate the mechanisms of beta-lactam resistance. METHODS: Four hundred and fifty non-repetitive strains of P. aeruginosa were collected in 15 French university hospitals in 2004. MICs of antibiotics were measured by agar dilution methods. For all the strains with MICs of ticarcillin >16 mg/L, detection and identification of the beta-lactamases, quantitative determination of cephalosporinase and overproduction of the MexAB-OprM efflux pump were evaluated...
May 2007: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
J Robert, J Etienne, X Bertrand et al.
A retrospective analysis of hospital laboratory databases for 2000-2003 found that 0.4-1.0% of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates had an antibiotic susceptibility pattern associated previously with the production of Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL). Of 81 isolates of this type, 35 were available for molecular testing. Each of the 35 available isolates carried the PVL genes, and 33 of these 35 isolates had an identical SmaI pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pattern.
July 2005: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
P Laudat, C Crouzier
URIFAST Es et Es Plus (International Microbio, Signes, France) are rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing method in broth medium without using an automatic reader. A screening assay (URIFAST Quatro 1C ou URIFAST Twin 1C) is performed with a 4 or 9 antimicrobial agents with a concentration c' below the low critical concentration (c) defined by the Comité de l'Antibiogramme de la Société Française de Microbiologie (CA-SFM). When a bacterial strain is presumed resistant, an antimicrobial susceptibility test with the two critical concentrations (CA-SFM) can be performed with 5 or 10 antimicrobial agents antibiotiques (URIFAST Twin ABG ou URIFAST ABG)...
May 1997: Pathologie-biologie
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