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Michelle B Hookham, Imran H A Ali, Christina L O'Neill, Emer Hackett, Melanie H Lambe, Tina Schmidt, Reinhold J Medina, Sara Chamney, Bharathi Rao, Eibhlin McLoone, David Sweet, Alan W Stitt, Derek P Brazil
BACKGROUND: Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs), also termed late outgrowth endothelial cells, are a well-defined circulating endothelial progenitor cell type with an established role in vascular repair. ECFCs have clear potential for cell therapy to treat ischaemic disease, although the precise mechanism(s) underlying their response to hypoxia remains ill-defined. METHODS: In this study, we isolated ECFCs from umbilical cord blood and cultured them on collagen...
November 29, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Diane L Gumina, Claudine P Black, Vivek Balasubramaniam, Virginia D Winn, Christopher D Baker
Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy-specific disease characterized by the new onset of hypertension and proteinuria. Mothers with PE are known to develop endothelial dysfunction, but its effect on infants has been understudied, as newborns are often asymptomatic. Recent studies indicate that infants born from preeclamptic pregnancies develop endothelial dysfunction including higher blood pressure during childhood and an increased risk of stroke later in life. We hypothesize that PE reduces the number and function of fetal angiogenic progenitor cells and may contribute to this increased risk...
November 21, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
Jian Zhou, Jason Rogers, Scott Lee, DongMing Sun, Hai Yao, Jeremy J Mao, Kimi Y Kong
Endothelial progenitor cells/endothelial cells (EPCs/ECs) have great potential to treat pathological conditions such as cardiac infarction, muscle ischemia and bone fractures but isolation of EPC/ECs from existing cell sources is challenging due to their low endothelial cell frequency. We have isolated EP-like cells from rat oral mucosa and characterized their yield, immunophenotype, growth and in vivo angiogenic potential. The frequency of EP-like cells derived from oral mucosa is thousands of folds higher than EPCs derived from donor-match bone marrow samples...
November 10, 2016: Stem Cells and Development
Yan Wu, Meng-Yu He, Jian-Kui Ye, Shu-Ying Ma, Wen Huang, Yong-Yue Wei, Hui Kong, Hong Wang, Xiao-Ning Zeng, Wei-Ping Xie
Accumulating data, including those from our laboratory, have shown that the opening of ATP-sensitive potassium channels (KATP ) plays a protective role in pulmonary vascular diseases (PVD). As maintainers of the endothelial framework, endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) are considered excellent candidates for vascular regeneration in cases of PVD. Although KATP openers (KCOs) have been demonstrated to have beneficial effects on endothelial cells, the impact of KATP on ECFC function remains unclear. Herein, this study investigated whether there is a distribution of KATP in ECFCs and what role KATP play in ECFC modulation...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Ashley N Sharpe, Wen J Seeto, Randolph L Winter, Qiao Zhong, Elizabeth A Lipke, Anne A Wooldridge
OBJECTIVE To evaluate optimal isolation of endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) from peripheral blood of horses. SAMPLE Jugular and cephalic venous blood samples from 17 adult horses. PROCEDURES Each blood sample was divided; isolation was performed with whole blood adherence (WBA) and density gradient centrifugation (DGC). Isolated cells were characterized by uptake of 1,1'-dioctadecyl-3,3,3',3'-tetramethylindocarbocyanine perchlorate-labeled acetylated low-density lipoprotein (DiI-Ac-LDL), vascular tubule formation, and expression of endothelial (CD34, CD105, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2, and von Willebrand factor) and hematopoietic (CD14) cell markers by use of indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and flow cytometry...
October 2016: American Journal of Veterinary Research
Jose L Viñas, Dylan Burger, Joseph Zimpelmann, Randa Haneef, William Knoll, Pearl Campbell, Alex Gutsol, Anthony Carter, David S Allan, Kevin D Burns
Administration of human cord blood endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) or their exosomes protects mice against kidney ischemia/reperfusion injury. Here we studied the microRNA (miRNA) content of ECFC exosomes and the role of miRNA transfer in kidney and endothelial cell protection. ECFC exosomes were enriched in miR-486-5p, which targets the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) and the Akt pathway. In cultured endothelial cells exposed to hypoxia, incubation with ECFC exosomes increased miR-486-5p, decreased PTEN, and stimulated Akt phosphorylation...
December 2016: Kidney International
Estella Zuccolo, Silvia Dragoni, Valentina Poletto, Paolo Catarsi, Daniele Guido, Alessandra Rappa, Marta Reforgiato, Francesco Lodola, Dmitry Lim, Vittorio Rosti, Germano Guerra, Francesco Moccia
Arachidonic acid (AA) stimulates endothelial cell (EC) proliferation through an increase in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)]i), that, in turn, promotes nitric oxide (NO) release. AA-evoked Ca(2+) signals are mainly mediated by Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channels. Circulating endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs) represent the only established precursors of ECs. In the present study, we therefore, sought to elucidate whether AA promotes human ECFC (hECFC) proliferation through an increase in [Ca(2+)]i and the following activation of the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS)...
September 12, 2016: Vascular Pharmacology
Xinyan Miao, Wei Zhang, Zhangsen Huang, Nailin Li
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with platelet dysfunction and impaired angiogenesis. Aim of the study is to investigate if platelet dysfunction might hamper platelet angiogenic activities in T2DM patients. Sixteen T2DM patients and gender/age-matched non-diabetic controls were studied. Flow cytometry and endothelial colony forming cell (ECFC) tube formation on matrigel were used to assess platelet reactivity and angiogenic activity, respectively. Thrombin receptor PAR1-activating peptide (PAR1-AP) induced higher platelet P-selectin expression, and evoked more rapid and intense platelet annexin V binding in T2DM patients, seen as a more rapid increase of annexin V+ platelets (24...
2016: PloS One
Philippe Garrigue, Guillaume Hache, Youssef Bennis, Pauline Brige, Jimmy Stalin, Lionel Pellegrini, Lionel Velly, Francesca Orlandi, Elena Castaldi, Françoise Dignat-George, Florence Sabatier, Benjamin Guillet
BACKGROUND: endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) are promising candidates for cell therapy of ischemic diseases, as less than 10% of patients suffering from an ischemic stroke are eligible for thrombolysis. We previously reported that erythropoietin priming of ECFCs increased their in vitro and in vivo angiogenic properties in mice with hind limb ischemia. OBJECTIVE: the present study aimed to evaluate whether priming of ECFCs with erythropoietin could enhance their homing into the ischemic site after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) followed by reperfusion in rats and potentiate their protective or regenerative effects on brain-blood barrier disruption (BBBd), cerebral apoptosis and cerebral blood flow (CBF) by Single Photon Emission/Computed Tomography (SPECT/CT) imaging...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Ugo Testa, Ernestina Saulle, Germana Castelli, Elvira Pelosi
Studies carried out in the last years have improved the understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms controlling angiogenesis during adult life in normal and pathological conditions. Some of these studies have led to the identification of some progenitor cells that sustain angiogenesis through indirect, paracrine mechanisms (hematopoietic angiogenic cells) and through direct mechanisms, i.e., through their capacity to generate a progeny of phenotypically and functionally competent endothelial cells [endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs)]...
2016: Stem Cell Investigation
U Deniz Dincer
Endothelium represents a defense barrier and responds and integrates neuro humoral stimulus which describes as a compensatory mechanism. Endothelium formed with endothelial cells (ECs) and their progenitors. Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) represent minor subpopulation of mononuclear cells in the blood. During acute hypoxia, larger amount of EPCs mobilize into the peripheral blood and they directly contribute revascularization process. One of the subtypes of EPC is termed endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs) which they possess de novo vessel-forming ability...
May 30, 2016: International Journal of Stem Cells
Jatin Patel, Prudence Donovan, Kiarash Khosrotehrani
: : Since the discovery of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) almost two decades ago, there has been great hope in their use in treating chronic ischemic disease. Unfortunately, to date, many of the clinical trials using EPCs have been hampered by the lack of clear definition of this cell population. Attributes of a progenitor population are self-renewal and multipotentiality. Major progress has been achieved moving from a definition of EPCs based on a candidate cell surface molecule to a functional definition based essentially on self-renewal hierarchy of endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs)...
July 5, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
B Wilde, A Mertens, S J Arends, R P Rouhl, R Bijleveld, J Huitema, S A Timmermans, J Damoiseaux, O Witzke, A M Duijvestijn, P van Paassen, R J van Oostenbrugge, J W Cohen Tervaert
BACKGROUND: Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) are of major importance in vascular repair under healthy circumstances. Vascular injury in need of repair occurs frequently in ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV). A specialized T cell subset enhancing EPC function and differentiation has recently been described. These angiogenic T cells (Tang) may have an important impact on the vascular repair process. Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate EPC and Tang in AAV. METHODS: Fifty-three patients suffering from AAV and 29 healthy controls (HC) were enrolled in our study...
2016: Arthritis Research & Therapy
Ren-An Chen, Xiao-Mian Sun, Chang-You Yan, Li Liu, Miao-Wang Hao, Qiang Liu, Xi-Ying Jiao, Ying-Min Liang
Vascular endothelial dysfunction, a central hallmark of diabetes, predisposes diabetic patients to numerous cardiovascular complications. The POZ/BTB and AT-hook-containing zinc finger protein 1 (PATZ1), is an important transcriptional regulatory factor and regulates divergent pathways depending on the cellular context, but its role in endothelial cells remains poorly understood. Herein, we report for the first time that endothelial PATZ1 expression was abnormally upregulated in diabetic endothelial cells (ECs) regardless of diabetes classification...
September 2, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Giancarlo Margheri, Angela Zoppi, Roberto Olmi, Silvana Trigari, Rita Traversi, Mirko Severi, Daniele Bani, Francesca Bianchini, Eugenio Torre, Francesca Margheri, Anastasia Chillà, Alessio Biagioni, Lido Calorini, Anna Laurenzana, Gabriella Fibbi, Mario Del Rosso
In the photothermal treatments (PTs) of tumor, the localization of a high number of near-infrared (NIR) absorbing gold nanoparticles in the tumor mass is still a challenging issue. Here, we propose a promising strategy to deliver therapeutic chitosan-coated gold nanoparticles to tumor cells as hidden cargo of Endothelial Colony Forming Cells (ECFCs) endowed with an innate tumor-tropism. Remarkably, ECFC gold enrichement doesn't affect cell viability and preserves the endothelial lineage characteristics such as capillary morphogenesis and cell migration...
May 20, 2016: Oncotarget
Guillaume Hache, Philippe Garrigue, Youssef Bennis, Jimmy Stalin, Anais Moyon, Anthony Cerami, Michael Brines, Marcel Blot-Chabaud, Florence Sabatier, Francoise Dignat-George, Benjamin Guillet
BACKGROUND: Alternate erythropoietin (EPO)-mediated signaling via the EPOR/CD131 heteromeric receptor exerts the tissue-protective actions of EPO in a wide spectrum of injuries, especially ischemic diseases. Circulating endothelial progenitor cells contribute to endothelial repair and post-natal angiogenesis after chronic ischemic injury. This work aims to investigate the effects of ARA290, a specific agonist of EPOR/CD131 complex, on a subpopulation of endothelial progenitor cells named endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs) and to characterize its contribution to ECFCs-induced angiogenesis after peripheral ischemia...
October 2016: Shock
Jimmy Stalin, Karim Harhouri, Lucas Hubert, Philippe Garrigue, Marie Nollet, Amel Essaadi, Alexandre Muller, Alexandrine Foucault-Bertaud, Richard Bachelier, Florence Sabatier, Pascale Pisano, Franck Peiretti, Aurélie S Leroyer, Benjamin Guillet, Nathalie Bardin, Françoise Dignat-George, Marcel Blot-Chabaud
AIMS: Endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFC) constitute an endothelial progenitor fraction with a promising interest for the treatment of ischaemic cardiovascular diseases. As soluble CD146 (sCD146) is a new factor promoting angiogenesis, we examined whether sCD146 priming could improve the therapeutic potential of ECFC and defined the involved mechanism. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated the effects of sCD146 priming on regenerative properties of ECFC in vivo...
August 1, 2016: Cardiovascular Research
Tiago M Fortunato, Cristina Beltrami, Costanza Emanueli, Paul A De Bank, Giordano Pula
Revascularisation is a key step for tissue regeneration and complete organ engineering. We describe the generation of human platelet lysate gel (hPLG), an extracellular matrix preparation from human platelets able to support the proliferation of endothelial colony forming cells (ECFCs) in 2D cultures and the formation of a complete microvascular network in vitro in 3D cultures. Existing extracellular matrix preparations require addition of high concentrations of recombinant growth factors and allow only limited formation of capillary-like structures...
2016: Scientific Reports
Kevin P Buno, Xuemei Chen, Justin A Weibel, Stephanie N Thiede, Suresh V Garimella, Mervin C Yoder, Sherry L Voytik-Harbin
A significant challenge facing tissue engineers is the design and development of complex multitissue systems, including vascularized tissue-tissue interfaces. While conventional in vitro models focus on either vasculogenesis (de novo formation of blood vessels) or angiogenesis (vessels sprouting from existing vessels or endothelial monolayers), successful therapeutic vascularization strategies will likely rely on coordinated integration of both processes. To address this challenge, we developed a novel in vitro multitissue interface model in which human endothelial colony forming cell (ECFC)-encapsulated tissue spheres are embedded within a surrounding tissue microenvironment...
August 31, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Hideshi Fujinaga, Hiroko Fujinaga, Nobuyuki Watanabe, Tomoko Kato, Moe Tamano, Miho Terao, Shuji Takada, Yushi Ito, Akihiro Umezawa, Masahiko Kuroda
Vascular growth is necessary for normal lung development. Although endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play an important role in vascularization, little is known about EPC function in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), a severe neonatal condition that is associated with pulmonary hypoplasia. We hypothesized that the function of endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFCs), a type of EPC, is impaired in CDH. Cord blood (CB) was collected from full-term CDH patients and healthy controls. We assessed CB progenitor cell populations as well as plasma vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and stromal cell-derived factor 1α (SDF1α) levels...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
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