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bmj surgery

Adriaan Louw, Ina Diener, César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Emilio J Puentedura
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence for the effectiveness of sham surgery in orthopedics by conducting a systematic review of literature. METHODS: Systematic searches were conducted on Biomed Central,, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, NLM Central Gateway, OVID, ProQuest (Digital Dissertations), PsycInfo, PubMed/Medline, ScienceDirect and Web of Science. Secondary searching (PEARLing) was undertaken, whereby reference lists of the selected articles were reviewed for additional references not identified in the primary search...
July 11, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
D Stengel, S Kirschner, A Ekkernkamp, C Bartl
The article "Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn't" published in the BMJ in 1996, is regarded as the foundation of the evidence-based medicine (EbM) movement. Approximately 5 years later David L. Sackett, one of the leaders of the movement, requested all experts to voluntarily abandon their position to make way for young researchers and fresh ideas. Since the term was first coined and the establishment of organizations and platforms fostering the idea, EbM has polarized clinicians and scientists around the world...
September 2016: Der Unfallchirurg
J P Windfuhr
BACKGROUND: One of the most significant clinical trials, demonstrating the efficacy of tonsillectomy (TE) for recurrent throat infection in severely affected children, was published in 1984. This systematic review was undertaken to compile various indications for TE as suggested in the literature after 1984 and to stratify the papers according to the current concept of Evidence-based Medicine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic Medline research was performed using the key word "tonsillectomy" in combination with different filters such as "systematic reviews", "meta-analysis", "English", "German" and "from 1984/01/01 to 2015/05/31"...
April 2016: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Michael Almond
The Bywaters seminal 1941 British Medical Journal paper on the crush syndrome was important both for its written content and for using a photomicrograph demonstrating pigmented casts in the renal tubules. He appeared to be reporting the first cases of renal failure secondary to crushing injuries. Most at this point would have been content yet Bywaters demonstrated both determination and humility by publishing a letter in the BMJ 4 months later. This letter, now almost forgotten and rarely referenced, significantly corrected his original paper...
February 2016: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Heinrich Rudert, Jochen A Werner
BACKGROUND: Since the death of the Emperor Friedrich III in June 1888, there are still controversial discussions whether the Crown Prince could have been healed from his laryngeal cancer by a thyrotomy planned by his German physicians for May 21, 1887. METHODS: In order to find an answer to this historical question, the Emperor's biographies, the literature on laryngology published in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, German manuals on laryngology and ENT, the BMJ and Lancet were thoroughly studied where in particular not only Mackenzie but also Virchow had published several articles on the disease of Friedrich III...
June 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Joshua A Hirsch, Kyle Fargen, Andrew F Ducruet, Robert W Tarr
Podcasts are an area of innovation in the neurointerventional space that has the potential to convey information in ways that traditional journal articles in peer-reviewed journals do not. BMJ maintains an archive of all of its podcasts on the Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery (JNIS) website. We sought to analyze this early JNIS podcast experience and assess the impact of content elements and an increased presence in social media.
January 13, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Gary S Collins, Johannes B Reitsma, Douglas G Altman, Karel G M Moons
Prediction models are developed to aid health care providers in estimating the probability or risk that a specific disease or condition is present (diagnostic models) or that a specific event will occur in the future (prognostic models), to inform their decision making. However, the overwhelming evidence shows that the quality of reporting of prediction model studies is poor. Only with full and clear reporting of information on all aspects of a prediction model can risk of bias and potential usefulness of prediction models be adequately assessed...
2015: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Paolo Aurello, Paolo Magistri, Giuseppe Nigri, Niccolò Petrucciani, Luciano Novi, Laura Antolino, Francesco D'Angelo, Giovanni Ramacciato
BACKGROUND: The prognosis after a curative resection for gastric cancer is modified by the lymph node involvement, while the prognostic significance of a microscopically-positive resection margin is debated. We systematically reviewed the literature from 1998 to 2013 to describe the role of surgery in the management of gastric cancer with a R1 after gastrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research was systematically performed on Pubmed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, CILEA Archive, BMJ Clinical Evidence and Up ToDate databases...
November 2014: Anticancer Research
Drew Harris, Sharon Drake
Critical Care Global Case ReportsSESSION TYPE: Global Case ReportPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 28, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Acromegaly, a clinical disorder caused by excess growth hormone (GH) secretion, is an uncommon adult condition with an estimated annual incidence of 3 per million. It is an often missed diagnosis, and delay in diagnosis leads to increased morbidity and mortality. We report a case of a 26 year old previously healthy Navajo male who was admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in an Indian Health Service (IHS) hospital 3 times in 6 months for diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) before the diagnosis of acromegaly was made...
October 1, 2014: Chest
Kyle Harris, Jeffrey Bradford Driban, Michael R Sitler, Nicole M Cattano, Jennifer M Hootman
REFERENCE/CITATION: Frobell RB, Roos HP, Roos EM, Roemer FW, Ranstam J, Lohmander LS. Treatment for acute anterior cruciate ligament tear: five year outcome of randomised trial. BMJ. 2013;346:F232. CLINICAL QUESTION: Does early anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with rehabilitation lead to better patient-reported outcomes and a lower incidence of osteoarthritis at 5 years postinjury compared with delayed ACL reconstruction with rehabilitation? STUDY SELECTION: This randomized controlled trial with extended follow-up at 5 years postrandomization was conducted in 2 Swedish orthopaedic departments...
January 2015: Journal of Athletic Training
R Green, A Banigo, I Hathorn
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis is a significant health problem, and the optimal postoperative treatment regime for patients post functional endoscopic sinus surgery has been a topic debated for years. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: To systematically review and critically evaluate the evidence relating to postoperative debridement of the nasal cavity following functional endoscopic sinus surgery to guide best practice. SEARCH STRATEGY: A search of the following databases was performed: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness, and Cochrane Central Register of Control Trials...
February 2015: Clinical Otolaryngology
Richard Hurley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Emma Jones, Nicholas Lees, Graham Martin, Mary Dixon-Woods
BACKGROUND: Quality improvement (QI) methods are widely used in surgery in an effort to improve care, often using techniques such as Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles to implement specific interventions. Explicit definition of both the QI method and quality intervention is necessary to enable the accurate replication of effective interventions in practice, facilitate cumulative learning, reduce research waste and optimise benefits to patients. This systematic review aims to assess quality of reporting of QI methods and quality interventions in perioperative care...
2014: Systematic Reviews
Adriaan Louw, Ina Diener, David S Butler, Emilio J Puentedura
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate content and educational delivery methods of preoperative education in total joint arthroplasties of the hip and knee (THA and TKA) addressing postoperative pain. DATA SOURCES: Systematic searches conducted on Biomed Central,, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, NLM Central Gateway, OVID, ProQuest (Digital Dissertations), PsycInfo, PubMed/Medline, ScienceDirect, and Web of Science. Secondary searching (pearling) was undertaken. DATA EXTRACTION: Data were extracted utilizing the participants, interventions, comparisons, and outcomes approach...
April 2013: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
B Durmus, S Emre, C Cankaya, O Baysal, Z Altay
OBJECTIVES: Vision plays an important role in postural stability. It has also been shown that visual information from the environment and visual cues significantly contribute to balance skills. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of visual acuity on postural stability and mobility before and after cataract surgery. METHODS: The study group was composed of 25 male and 11 female patients (age 57-84, mean 66.6 +/- 4.7) who had been operated for age-related cataract...
2011: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
A K Ismagilov, R S Khasanov, S N Navrusov, Z P Beknazarov
BACKGROUND: This population based study aimed to use reconstructive-plastic surgery with autologous tissue as a treatment of patients with stage III breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified women (374) diagnosed with stage III breast cancer between 2000 and 2009 years. We compared radical operations with and without a plastic step, where 29 patients underwent the surgery in combination with an immediate radical resection with LD-flap replacement, mastectomy concurrently to TRAM-flap reconstruction in 103 patients...
2011: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
F R Yalcinkaya, M Kerem, E O Guven, A Gokce, M Davarci
AIMS: In kidney surgery, bleeding is one of the most important issues. In partial nephrectomy, as a "blood stopper", we used surgycell and ankaferd which is used traditionally in Turkish medicine. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 24 Wistar-Albino rats were grouped randomly. Laparotomy was performed in the first group, sham group. In the second group, partial nephrectomy was performed to lower-kidney pole and then, serum physiology was given to the lower part of the kidney...
2011: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Hildegard Reul-Hirche
UNLABELLED: Summary of: Devoogdt N et al (2011) Effect of manual lymph drainage in addition to guidelines and exercise therapy on arm lymphoedema related to breast cancer: randomized controlled trial. BMJ 343: d5326. [Prepared by Nicholas Taylor, CAP Editor.] QUESTION: Does manual lymph drainage prevent lymphoedema in patients who have had surgery for breast cancer?. DESIGN: Randomised, controlled trial with concealed allocation and blinded outcome assessment...
2011: Journal of Physiotherapy
Liv Heide Magnussen
UNLABELLED: Hellum C et al (2011) Surgery with disc prosthesis versus rehabilitation in patients with low back pain and degenerative disc: two year follow-up of randomised study. BMJ 342: d2786 doi:10.1136/bmj.d2786. [Prepared by Margreth Grotle and Kåre Birger Hagen, CAP Editors.] QUESTION: What are the effects of surgery with disc prosthesis compared to multidisciplinary rehabilitation for patients with chronic low back pain? DESIGN: A single blind randomised controlled multicentre trial...
2011: Journal of Physiotherapy
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