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Pediatric chronic pain

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202185/pediatric-colonic-volvulus-a-single-institution-experience-and-review
#1
REVIEW
Sami Tannouri, Aditi Hendi, Elizabeth Gilje, Leslie Grissom, Douglas Katz
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pediatric colonic volvulus is both rare and underreported. Existing literature consists only of case reports and small series. We present an analysis of cases (n=11) over 15 years at a single institution, focusing on workup and diagnosis. METHODS: This was an institutional review board approved single-institution retrospective chart review of 11 cases of large bowel volvulus occurring over 15 years (2000-2015). RESULTS: In our series, the most common presenting symptoms were abdominal pain and distention...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187061/bronchopulmonary-disease-caused-by-flagellated-protozoa-infection-in-15-chinese-children
#2
Jinrong Liu, Shaogang Li, Huimin Li, Yimu Fan, Haiming Yang, Hui Xu, Yuelin Shen, Shunying Zhao
BACKGROUND: Bronchopulmonary disease caused by flagellated protozoa infection (BPFP) is thought to be rare in children but may be an emerging or underestimated disease, especially in developing countries. METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively reviewed records of 15 patients who presented with a cough, wheezing, or bronchopulmonary disease of unknown causes at admission and were finally diagnosed with BPFP from January 2014 to January 2015 were enrolled. Protozoa were observed in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid by light microscopy...
December 13, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175325/adolescents-observations-of-parent-pain-behaviors-preliminary-measure-validation-and-test-of-social-learning-theory-in-pediatric-chronic-pain
#3
Amanda L Stone, Lynn S Walker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169971/health-related-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b-living-in-the-united-states-and-canada
#4
Sarah Jane Schwarzenberg, Simon C Ling, Yona Keich Cloonan, Hsing-Hua S Lin, Donna M Evon, Karen F Murray, Norberto Rodriguez-Baez, Philip Rosenthal, Jeffrey Teckman, Kathleen B Schwarz
OBJECTIVES: To determine if selected socio-demographic and HBV-specific clinical factors are associated with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among pediatric patients chronically infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). METHODS: Children with chronic HBV enrolled in the Hepatitis B Research Network completed the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ) at study entry. Caregivers of children 5- < 10 years completed the parent-reported PF50; youth 10- < 18 years completed the child-reported CF87...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167963/physicians-perspectives-on-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-chronic-nonbacterial-osteomyelitis
#5
Yongdong Zhao, Fatma Dedeoglu, Polly J Ferguson, Sivia K Lapidus, Ronald M Laxer, Miranda C Bradford, Suzanne C Li
Background/Purpose. Understanding the practices of pediatric rheumatologists in diagnosing and treating chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) can provide important information to guide the development of consensus treatment plans. The objectives of this study were to determine physicians' approaches to (1) diagnosing and monitoring CNO, (2) ordering a bone biopsy, and (3) making treatment decisions. Methods. A survey was distributed among members of the Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance using a web-based questionnaire...
2017: International Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165415/evidence-based-psychological-interventions-for-the-management-of-pediatric-chronic-pain-new-directions-in-research-and-clinical-practice
#6
REVIEW
Rachael Coakley, Tessa Wihak
Over the past 20 years our knowledge about evidence-based psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain has dramatically increased. Overall, the evidence in support of psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain is strong, demonstrating positive psychological and behavioral effects for a variety of children with a range of pain conditions. However, wide scale access to effective psychologically-based pain management treatments remains a challenge for many children who suffer with pain. Increasing access to care and reducing persistent biomedical biases that inhibit attainment of psychological services are a central focus of current pain treatment interventions...
February 4, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162401/-106-children-s-somatization-inventory-factor-structure-and-clinical-reference-points-in-pediatric-chronic-pain
#7
M Basch, S Perlo, L Walker, L Simons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162372/-150-the-relationship-between-trauma-and-pediatric-chronic-pain-a-comprehensive-review
#8
S Nelson, S Kashikar-Zuck, N Cunningham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162363/-553-effectiveness-of-massage-therapy-consultation-for-pediatric-chronic-pain
#9
B Essner, J Hajduk, J Lavigne, D Krodel, R Shah, F Svigos, S Suresh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162336/-531-functioning-and-treatment-outcomes-of-patients-who-attend-a-pediatric-chronic-pain-rehabilitation-program-and-are-admitted-for-inpatient-psychiatric-care
#10
K Weiss, C Ale, A Junghans-Rutelonis, K Curwick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161474/the-impact-of-parental-modeling-on-child-pain-responses-the-role-of-parent-and-child-sex
#11
Katelynn E Boerner, Christine T Chambers, Patrick J McGrath, Vincent LoLordo, Rudolf Uher
: Social modeling is a process by which pain behaviours are learned, and research has found parents act as models for their children's behaviour. Despite social learning theory predicting that same-sex models have greater impact, no experimental investigation to date has examined the role of sex of the model or observer in social learning of pediatric pain. The present study recruited 168 parent-child dyads (equal father-son, father-daughter, mother-son, and mother-daughter dyads) where children were generally healthy 6- to 8-year-olds...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157642/cervicovaginal-agenesis-treated-with-modified-yang-monti-technique-in-two-steps-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
J Acosta-León, A Pantoja-Rojas, J R Corona-Rivera, E López-Marure, C F Ploneda-Valencia
INTRODUCTION: Müllerian duct anomalies are rare with less than 200 cases published in the literature. Recently, the implementation of the Yang-Monti principle for the creation of the neovagina has been used in 10 previous published cases. Here, we report the first case of cervicovaginal agenesis treated with the modified Yang-Monti technique in two steps in México. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 14-year-old female presented to the pediatric consult with a history of primary amenorrhea and a chronic-cyclic pelvic pain...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149664/when-arthralgia-is-not-arthritis
#13
Juan Politei, Graciela Remondino, Ricardo Heguilen, Eric Wallace, Consuelo Durand, Andrea Schenone
The presence of distal extremity pain in children and adolescents usually triggers the search of rheumatologic diseases without considering non-rheumatologic causes of joint pain. Approaching distal extremity pain with a complete differential diagnosis, including non-rheumatologic entities, may hasten diagnosis, thus decreasing cost and aiding in earlier initiation of appropriate therapy. To present a case of a patient who after years of work up of arthralgia, which was actually attributed to rheumatologic causes, had an inherited metabolic disease...
December 2016: European Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146108/acceptance%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-commitment%C3%A2-therapy%C3%A2-for%C3%A2-pediatric%C3%A2-chronic%C3%A2-pain-%C3%A2-theory%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-application
#14
REVIEW
Melissa Pielech, Kevin E Vowles, Rikard Wicksell
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a third wave behavior therapy approach which aims to increase engagement in activities that bring meaning, vitality, and value to the lives of individuals experiencing persistent pain, discomfort, or distress. This goal is particularly relevant when these aversive experiences cannot be effectively avoided or when avoidance efforts risk their exacerbation, all of which may be common experiences in children and adolescents with chronic pain conditions. The primary aim of the present paper is to review and summarize the extant literature on the application, utility, and evidence for using ACT with pediatric chronic pain populations by: (1) defining the theoretical assumptions of the ACT model; (2) summarizing research study findings and relevant measures from the published literature; and (3) critically discussing the strengths, limitations and areas in need of further development...
January 30, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141738/new-insights-into-the-mechanisms-of-the-ketogenic-diet
#15
Detlev Boison
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: High-fat, low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets have been used for almost a century for the treatment of epilepsy. Used traditionally for the treatment of refractory pediatric epilepsies, in recent years the use of ketogenic diets has experienced a revival to include the treatment of adulthood epilepsies as well as conditions ranging from autism to chronic pain and cancer. Despite the ability of ketogenic diet therapy to suppress seizures refractory to antiepileptic drugs and reports of lasting seizure freedom, the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood...
January 30, 2017: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134656/photographs-of-daily-activities-phoda-youth-english-validating-a-targeted-assessment-of-worry-and-anticipated-pain
#16
Laura Simons, Melissa Pielech, Shannon McAvoy, Caitlin Conroy, Melinda Hogan, Jeanine Verbunt, Marielle Goossens
PHODA is an electronic measure that individualizes and guides treatment for individuals with chronic pain. Implicit in its design is recognition that pain-related fear is a driving force that impedes treatment progress. With this tool, patients visually rate their expectations about the harmful consequences of specific movements. The current study aimed to 1) develop and validate PHODA-Youth English (PHODA-YE) and 2) evaluate the potential impact of PHODA-YE assessment on treatment outcomes. Participants were 195 youth, age 8-20 years, who presented to an outpatient pain clinic for evaluation (n=99) or enrolled in an intensive pediatric pain rehabilitation program (PPRC; n=96)...
January 24, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131633/factors-predicting-malignancy-in-adult%C3%A2-intussusception-an-experience-in%C3%A2-university-affiliated-hospitals
#17
Jong Wan Kim, Bong Hwa Lee, Sung Gil Park, Byung Chun Kim, Samuel Lee, Sang-Jeon Lee
BACKGROUND: Intussusception is one of the common causes of intestinal obstruction in children but is uncommon in adults. Unlike pediatric intussusception, most adult cases have a demonstrable etiology. The purpose of this study was to review our experience of adult intussusception and to identify the predictive factors for malignancy in this disease. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who were diagnosed with intussusception and admitted to the six Hallym University-affiliated hospitals between January 2005 and July 2016...
January 25, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109052/the-use-of-methadone-to-facilitate-opioid-weaning-in-pediatric-critical-care-patients-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Leslie A Dervan, Beryl Yaghmai, Robert Scott Watson, Fredric M Wolf
BACKGROUND: Continuous opioid infusion therapy is commonly utilized in the pediatric intensive care setting to treat pain and facilitate tolerance of invasive therapies. Transitioning to methadone is one common strategy for weaning from continuous opioid infusions, but in practice this transition can be challenging, and many children still experience iatrogenic withdrawal. AIM: We reviewed the literature to evaluate the best available evidence to guide methadone therapy in this setting, and to summarize associated adverse events...
January 20, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103764/multimodal-pediatric-pain-management-part-2
#19
Stefan J Friedrichsdorf
Dr Stefan Friedrichsdorf speaks to Commissioning Editor Jade Parker: Stefan Friedrichsdorf, MD, is medical director of the Department of Pain Medicine, Palliative Care and Integrative Medicine at Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota in Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, USA, home to one of the largest and most comprehensive programs of its kind in the country. The pain and palliative care program is devoted to control acute, chronic/complex and procedural pain for inpatients and outpatients in close collaboration with all pediatric subspecialties at Children's Minnesota...
January 20, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088398/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-for-adolescents-with-functional-somatic-syndromes-a-pilot-cohort-study
#20
Ather Ali, Theresa R Weiss, Anne Dutton, Douglas McKee, Kim D Jones, Susmita Kashikar-Zuck, Wendy K Silverman, Eugene D Shapiro
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program for adolescents with widespread chronic pain and other functional somatic symptoms and to make preliminary assessments of its clinical utility. STUDY DESIGN: Three cohorts of subjects completed an 8-week MBSR program. Child- and parent-completed measures were collected at baseline and 8 and 12 weeks later. Measures included the Functional Disability Inventory (FDI), the Fibromyalgia/Symptom Impact Questionnaire-Revised (FIQR/SIQR), the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory, the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale (MASC2), and the Perceived Stress Scale...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
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