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Pediatric anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729145/anxiety-among-adolescent-survivors-of-pediatric-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Glynnis A McDonnell, Christina G Salley, Marie Barnett, Antonio P DeRosa, Rachel S Werk, Allison Hourani, Alyssa B Hoekstra, Jennifer S Ford
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to synthesize current knowledge about anxiety among adolescent survivors of pediatric cancer and highlights areas for future research. METHODS: Systematic literature searches were conducted in five databases for articles published anytime before December 28, 2015. Manuscripts were reviewed by a team of six coders. Included manuscripts reported outcomes relevant to anxiety, worry, and post-traumatic stress in survivors of pediatric cancer (age at the time of study: 10-22 years) who were off treatment...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727180/why-was-a-local-anaesthetic-used-before-administering-intranasal-ketamine-for-paediatric-injuries
#2
Sabine Lemoine, Daniel Jost, Kilian Bertho, Jean Pierre Tourtier
We were very interested to read Scheier et al's brief report on the use of intranasal ketamine in their pediatric emergency department, specifically for pain and anxiety in children who had resisted venipuncture or intravenous placement (1). Intravenous access can be difficult for pre-hospital medical teams that are not specialised in paediatric care, namely when children complain of pain from, for example suspected fractures and burns. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 20, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702059/preferences-and-choices-of-a-child-concerning-the-environment-in-a-pediatric-dental-operatory
#3
Trophimus Gnanabagyan Jayakaran, C Vishnu Rekha, Sankar Annamalai, Parisa Norouzi Baghkomeh, D Ditto Sharmin
BACKGROUND: The aim of this cross-sectional descriptive study was to determine children's preferences in a dental clinic so as to reduce anxiety during dental procedures. In this study survey methodology was used. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was designed to evaluate the child's preference in a dental hospital so as to remove anxiety during a dental procedure. This study was carried out on 50 children aged 6-10 years. The children were randomly selected based on their first dental visit in a private dental college...
May 2017: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692169/the-relationship-between-anxiety-and-quality-of-life-in-children-with-hereditary-angioedema
#4
Aharon Kessel, Henriette Farkas, Shmuel Kivity, Nóra Veszeli, Kinga Viktória Kőhalmi, Batya Engel-Yeger
BACKGROUND: The severe life-threatening characteristics of hereditary angioedema (HAE) with C1-inhibitor deficiency (C1-INH-HAE) can affect anxiety levels among pediatric patients. This emotional burden together with the physical restrictions of C1-INH-HAE may decrease children's health-related quality of life (HRQoL). OBJECTIVE: (1) To compare anxiety state and trait between children with C1-INH-HAE and healthy controls (2) To examine the relationship between the level of anxiety of children with C1-INH-HAE, their disease activity/affected sites and their HRQoL (3) To predict the HRQoL of children with C1-INH-HAE based on their anxiety level and disease activity/affected sites...
July 10, 2017: Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691955/children-with-obsessive-compulsive-symptomology-in-the-general-population-different-subtypes
#5
Josjan Zijlmans, Reshmi Marhe, Jan van der Ende, Frank C Verhulst, Arne Popma, Henning Tiemeier, Odile A van den Heuvel
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a moderately prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder, and many children suffer from subclinical obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. The disorder is heterogeneous and has high comorbidity rates. In early disease stages of psychiatric disorders, symptoms are typically hard to attribute exclusively to specific disorders. The authors investigated whether profiles of neuropsychiatric symptoms can be distinguished within a large population-based study of school-aged children (7-10 years) scoring high on OC symptoms...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683018/the-effectiveness-of-health-education-on-maternal-anxiety-circumcision-knowledge-and-nursing-hours-a-quasi-experimental-study
#6
Shu-Fang Chang, Chich-Hsiu Hung, Yu-Yun Hsu, Yi Liu, Tsu-Nai Wang
BACKGROUND: Many studies have shown that providing health education before surgery may significantly increase health knowledge and decrease anxiety in both patients and their family members. However, few studies have compared the effects on pediatric outpatient surgery outcomes of different health education instruction modes. PURPOSE: This study compares the effects of two health education delivery modes on maternal knowledge and anxiety, the number of unexpected early hospital follow-up visits, and the time spent by nurses on health education...
August 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675955/psychiatric-disorders-in-children-with-demyelinating-diseases-of-the-central-nervous-system
#7
Julia Pakpoor, Raph Goldacre, Klaus Schmierer, Gavin Giovannoni, Emmanuelle Waubant, Michael J Goldacre
INTRODUCTION: The profile of psychiatric disorders associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) may differ in children. We aimed to assess the risk of psychiatric disorders in children with MS and other demyelinating diseases, and vice versa. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed linked English Hospital Episode Statistics, and mortality data, 1999-2011. Cohorts were constructed of children admitted with MS and other central nervous system (CNS) demyelinating diseases. We searched for any subsequent episode of care with psychiatric disorders in these cohorts and compared to a reference cohort...
July 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663606/conscious-sedation-emerging-trends-in-pediatric-dentistry
#8
REVIEW
Joginder Pal Attri, Radhe Sharan, Vega Makkar, Kewal Krishan Gupta, Ranjana Khetarpal, Amar Parkash Kataria
Dental fear and anxiety is a common problem in pediatric patients. There is considerable variation in techniques used to manage them. Various sedation techniques using many different anesthetic agents have gained considerable popularity over the past few years. Children are not little adults; they differ physically, psychologically, and emotionally. The purpose of this review is to survey recent trends and concerning issues in the rapidly changing field of pediatric sedation. We will study the topic from the perspective of an anesthesiologist...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661955/tablet-based-intervention-for-reducing-children-s-preoperative-anxiety-a-pilot-study
#9
Cheryl H T Chow, Ryan J Van Lieshout, Louis A Schmidt, Norman Buckley
OBJECTIVES: To examine the feasibility, acceptability, and effects of a novel tablet-based application, Story-Telling Medicine (STM), in reducing children's preoperative anxiety. METHODS: Children (N = 100) aged 7 to 13 years who were undergoing outpatient surgery were recruited from a local children's hospital. This study comprised 3 waves: Waves 1 (n = 30) and 2 (n = 30) examined feasibility, and Wave 3 (n = 40) examined the acceptability of STM and compared its effect on preoperative anxiety to Usual Care (UC)...
July 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660669/comparison-of-eye-movement-desensitization-and-reprocessing-therapy-cognitive-behavioral-writing-therapy-and-wait-list-in-pediatric-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-following-single-incident-trauma-a-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Carlijn de Roos, Saskia van der Oord, Bonne Zijlstra, Sacha Lucassen, Sean Perrin, Paul Emmelkamp, Ad de Jongh
BACKGROUND: Practice guidelines for childhood posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) recommend trauma-focused psychotherapies, mainly cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is a brief trauma-focused, evidence-based treatment for PTSD in adults, but with few well-designed trials involving children and adolescents. METHODS: We conducted a single-blind, randomized trial with three arms (n = 103): EMDR (n = 43), Cognitive Behavior Writing Therapy (CBWT; n = 42), and wait-list (WL; n = 18)...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655807/germ-line-brca2-mutations-detected-in-pediatric-sequencing-studies-impact-parents-evaluation-and-care
#11
Michael F Walsh, Jennifer Kennedy, Megan Harlan, Alex Kentsis, Neerav Shukla, Stephen Roberts, Andrew L Kung, Mark Robson, Brian H Kushner, Paul Meyers, Kenneth Offit
There has been no indication to test for BRCA1/2 in children (with the rare exception of Fanconi Anemia) as screening begins in adult years and the potential to induce anxiety related to adult onset cancers. However in the setting of pediatric cancer, with increasing utility and frequency of companion tumor-normal sequencing without regard for phenotype and with BRCA1/2 included in tumor profiling panels, germline mutations in BRCA1/2 and other DNA damage repair genes have been found. When mutations in these genes are revealed, there are implications for immediate family members...
June 27, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647021/reprint-of-minimizing-noise-in-pediatric-task-based-functional-mri-adolescents-with-developmental-disabilities-and-typical-development
#12
Catherine Fassbender, Prerona Mukherjee, Julie B Schweitzer
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) represents a powerful tool with which to examine brain functioning and development in typically developing pediatric groups as well as children and adolescents with clinical disorders. However, fMRI data can be highly susceptible to misinterpretation due to the effects of excessive levels of noise, often related to head motion. Imaging children, especially with developmental disorders, requires extra considerations related to hyperactivity, anxiety and the ability to perform and maintain attention to the fMRI paradigm...
July 1, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644422/immersive-virtual-reality-for-pediatric-pain
#13
REVIEW
Andrea Stevenson Won, Jakki Bailey, Jeremy Bailenson, Christine Tataru, Isabel A Yoon, Brenda Golianu
Children must often endure painful procedures as part of their treatment for various medical conditions. Those with chronic pain endure frequent or constant discomfort in their daily lives, sometimes severely limiting their physical capacities. With the advent of affordable consumer-grade equipment, clinicians have access to a promising and engaging intervention for pediatric pain, both acute and chronic. In addition to providing relief from acute and procedural pain, virtual reality (VR) may also help to provide a corrective psychological and physiological environment to facilitate rehabilitation for pediatric patients suffering from chronic pain...
June 23, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641166/care-coordination-at-a-pediatric-accountable-care-organization-aco-a-qualitative-analysis
#14
Baria Hafeez, Sophia Miller, Anup D Patel, Zachary M Grinspan
OBJECTIVE: Care coordinators may help manage care for children with chronic illness. Their role in pediatric epilepsy care is understudied. We aimed to qualitatively describe the content of a care coordination intervention for children with epilepsy. METHODS: We conducted nine semi-structured interviews and one focus group with care coordinators at a pediatric accountable care organization (ACO) in Ohio. The care coordinators used a modified version of a published care coordination checklist for children with epilepsy (Patel AD, 2014)...
June 19, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636131/state-trait-and-dental-anxiety-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-disabilities
#15
Roberto Carlos Mourão Pinho, André Cavalcante da Silva Barbosa, Arnaldo de França Caldas-Júnior, Márcia Maria Vendiciano Barbosa Vasconcelos, Renata Cimões, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Dos Santos
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare state anxiety, trait anxiety, and dental anxiety in caregivers of patients with special needs and caregivers of pediatric patients without special needs at dental clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional study was conducted. Data were collected using a semistructured questionnaire. All respondents were older than 18 years of age. Individuals with cognitive impairment and those taking anxiolytics, antidepressants, or sleep-inducing medication were excluded from the study...
June 21, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632204/successful-pharmacotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-severe-feeding-aversion-with-mechanistic-insights-from-cross-species-neuronal-remodeling
#16
W G Sharp, A G Allen, K H Stubbs, K K Criado, R Sanders, C E McCracken, R G Parsons, L Scahill, S L Gourley
Pediatric feeding disorders affect up to 5% of children, causing severe food intake problems that can result in serious medical and developmental outcomes. Behavioral intervention (BI) is effective in extinguishing feeding aversions, and also expert-dependent, time/labor-intensive and not well understood at a neurobiological level. Here we first conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial comparing BI with BI plus d-cycloserine (DCS). DCS is a partial N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor agonist shown to augment extinction therapies in multiple anxiety disorders...
June 20, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631412/psychopathology-in-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-their-mothers
#17
Aslı Sürer Adanir, Gülseren Taşkiran, O Alphan Küpesiz, Esin Özatalay
BACKGROUND: Bone Marrow Transplantation(BMT) is used to treat children with various hematologic, oncologic and metabolic diseases. While the treatment is lifesaving, it is also found to be related with anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, depression and psychosocial problems both in children and parents. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate psychopathology in pediatric BMT survivors and their mothers compared to the healthy controls. All children were interviewed using Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for assessing the life-long psychopathology...
June 20, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620924/childhood-preoperative-anxiolysis-is-sedation-and-distraction-better-than-either-alone-a-prospective-randomized-study
#18
Chrystelle Sola, Audrey Lefauconnier, Sophie Bringuier, Olivier Raux, Xavier Capdevila, Christophe Dadure
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anxiety management receives special attention in pediatric anesthesia. Different pharmacological and nonpharmacological techniques can be employed. This study was designed to assess three different strategies for childhood preoperative anxiolysis: midazolam premedication, midazolam in combination with portable Digital Video-Disk player, or video distraction strategy alone. METHODS: In this prospective randomized study, children aged 2-12 years were assigned to one of the three study groups...
August 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620914/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-the-siblings-of-the-pediatric-bone-marrow-transplantation-survivors-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-their-mothers
#19
Özge Gizli Çoban, Aslı Sürer Adanır, Esin Özatalay
Although BMT is lifesaving in many childhood diseases, it was found to be related to anxiety, depression, and PTSD in parents, and PTSD, anxiety and overall low self-esteem in siblings. Research on siblings' HRQoL is limited. The aim of this study was to investigate PTSD and HRQoL in siblings (donor and non-donor) of pediatric BMT survivors and PTSD in their mothers, compared to the healthy controls. Thirty-five siblings and their mothers and 35 healthy peers and their mothers were recruited as the study group and as the comparison group, respectively...
June 15, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620276/an-analysis-of-a-novel-short-term-therapeutic-psychoeducational-program-for-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-neurological-illness-and-their-parents-feasibility-and-efficacy
#20
Bonglim Joo, Young-Mock Lee, Heung Dong Kim, Soyong Eom
The purpose of this intervention was to develop a therapeutic psycho-educational program that improves quality of life in children and adolescents who are experiencing chronic neurological illness, including epilepsy, and their parents, and to analyze the intervention's feasibility and efficacy and participants' satisfaction. Participants were eight children (n = 8) and adolescents and their parents; participating children were experiencing chronic neurological illness with psychological comorbidity; children with intellectual impairment were excluded (IQ < 80)...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
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