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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629620/effects-of-inhibiting-vps4-support-a-general-role-for-escrts-in-extracellular-vesicle-biogenesis
#1
Charles E Jackson, Benjamin S Scruggs, Jean E Schaffer, Phyllis I Hanson
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are proposed to play important roles in intercellular communication. Two classes of EVs can be distinguished based on their intracellular origin. Exosomes are generated within endosomes and released when these fuse with the plasma membrane, whereas ectosomes bud directly from the plasma membrane. Studies of EV function have been hindered by limited understanding of their biogenesis. Components of the endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) machinery play essential roles in topologically equivalent processes at both the endosome and the plasma membrane and are consistently recovered in EVs, but whether they are generally required to produce EVs is still debated...
June 16, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620035/molecular-interactions-shaping-the-tetraspanin-web
#2
REVIEW
Sjoerd J van Deventer, Vera-Marie E Dunlock, Annemiek B van Spriel
To facilitate the myriad of different (signaling) processes that take place at the plasma membrane, cells depend on a high degree of membrane protein organization. Important mediators of this organization are tetraspanin proteins. Tetraspanins interact laterally among themselves and with partner proteins to control the spatial organization of membrane proteins in large networks called the tetraspanin web. The molecular interactions underlying the formation of the tetraspanin web were hitherto mainly described based on their resistance to different detergents, a classification which does not necessarily correlate with functionality in the living cell...
June 15, 2017: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620033/scissor-sisters-regulation-of-adam10-by-the-tspanc8-tetraspanins
#3
REVIEW
Alexandra L Matthews, Justyna Szyroka, Richard Collier, Peter J Noy, Michael G Tomlinson
A disintegrin and metalloprotease 10 (ADAM10) is a ubiquitously expressed transmembrane protein which is essential for embryonic development through activation of Notch proteins. ADAM10 regulates over 40 other transmembrane proteins and acts as a 'molecular scissor' by removing their extracellular regions. ADAM10 is also a receptor for α-toxin, a major virulence factor of Staphylococcus aureus Owing to the importance of its substrates, ADAM10 is a potential therapeutic target for cancer, neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and prion diseases, bacterial infection and inflammatory diseases such as heart attack, stroke and asthma...
June 15, 2017: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620031/tspan7-effector-of-actin-nucleation-required-for-dendritic-cell-mediated-transfer-of-hiv-1-to-t-cells
#4
REVIEW
Mickaël M Ménager
Dendritic cells (DCs) have essential roles in early detection of pathogens and activation of both innate and adaptive immune responses. Whereas human DCs are resistant to productive HIV-1 replication, they have a unique ability to take up virus and transmit it efficiently to T lymphocytes. By doing that, HIV-1 may evade, at least in part, the first line of defense of the immune system, exploiting DCs instead to facilitate rapid infection of a large pool of immune cells. While performing an shRNA screen in human primary monocyte-derived DCs, to gain insights into this cell biological process, we discovered the role played by tetraspanin-7 (TSPAN7)...
June 15, 2017: Biochemical Society Transactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609367/exosomal-markers-cd63-and-cd9-expression-pattern-using-immunohistochemistry-in-resected-malignant-and-nonmalignant-pancreatic-specimens
#5
Moh'd Khushman, Arun Bhardwaj, Girijesh Kumar Patel, Javier Ariel Laurini, Kelly Roveda, Marcus C Tan, Mary C Patton, Seema Singh, William Taylor, Ajay P Singh
OBJECTIVES: Exosomes are important mediators in intercellular communications and play a role in cancer progression and metastasis. Exosomal membranes are enriched in endosome-specific tetraspanins (CD9 and CD63). Here, we explored the expression of CD63 and CD9 utilizing immunohistochemistry in malignant and nonmalignant cells in 29 resected pancreatic specimens (RPSs) of mixed racial background. METHODS: The pathologic tissues (PTs) and adjacent normal tissues (ANTs) in each RPS were stained for CD63 and CD9...
July 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602860/a-role-for-the-tetraspanin-proteins-in-salmonella-infection-of-human-macrophages
#6
Noha A Hassuna, Peter N Monk, Fawwaz Ali, Robert C Read, Lynda J Partridge
OBJECTIVE: Infected macrophages play a role in the dissemination of Salmonella and may serve as a reservoir of infection in asymptomatic carriers. However, relatively little is known about the early molecular interactions of the bacteria with these cells. We have recently shown that members of the tetraspanin family of membrane proteins are involved in the initial adhesion of a range of bacteria to host cells. This study investigated the role of tetraspanins in Salmonella enterica subsp...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600292/adam10-interacting-tetraspanins-tspan5-and-tspan17-regulate-ve-cadherin-expression-and-promote-t-lymphocyte-transmigration
#7
Jasmeet S Reyat, Myriam Chimen, Peter J Noy, Justyna Szyroka, G Ed Rainger, Michael G Tomlinson
The recruitment of blood leukocytes across the endothelium to sites of tissue infection is central to inflammation, but also promotes chronic inflammatory diseases. A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 10 (ADAM10) is a ubiquitous transmembrane molecular scissor that is implicated in leukocyte transmigration by proteolytically cleaving its endothelial substrates. These include VE-cadherin, a homotypic adhesion molecule that regulates endothelial barrier function, and transmembrane chemokines CX3CL1 and CXCL16, which have receptors on leukocytes...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599425/decreased-expression-of-cd63-tetraspanin-protein-predicts-elevated-malignant-potential-in-human-esophageal-cancer
#8
Xiaojing Lai, Qing Gu, Xia Zhou, Wei Feng, Xiao Lin, Yan He, Jinming Cao, Pengfei Liu, Huojun Zhang, Xiao Zheng
The tetraspanin CD63 has been described to have critical roles in multiple biological processes, including tumorigenesis and metastasis in several types of cancer. However, its role in esophageal carcinoma (EC) has not been reported. In the current study, immunohistochemistry was used to investigate CD63 expression in 106 esophageal cancer samples, 49 adjacent esophagus tissues and 17 normal esophagus mucosa tissues. The results revealed that the overexpression of CD63 was observed in esophageal cancer samples and negatively correlated with tumor stage and lymph node metastasis...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591714/the-metastasis-suppressor-cd82-kai1-regulates-cell-migration-and-invasion-via-inhibiting-tgf-%C3%AE-1-smad-signaling-in-renal-cell-carcinoma
#9
Jundong Zhu, Chao Liang, Yibo Hua, Chenkui Miao, Jianzhong Zhang, Aiming Xu, Kai Zhao, Shouyong Liu, Ye Tian, Huiyu Dong, Chao Zhang, Pu Li, Shifeng Su, Chao Qin, Zengjun Wang
The tetraspanin KAI1/CD82 was identified as a tumor metastasis suppressor that downregulated in various malignant cell types. However, the function of CD82 and its underlying anti-metastasis role in renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is still unraveled. Here, we investigated the expression of CD82 in RCC and explored its regulatory mechanism in RCC cell lines. We found that CD82 was down-regulated in RCC tissues and cells and its expression was significantly associated with histological grade(p=0.041), tumour stage (p=0...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534915/quantum-dot-based-sensitive-detection-of-disease-specific-exosome-in-serum
#10
Kseniia Boriachek, Md Nazmul Islam, Vinod Gopalan, Alfred K Lam, Nam-Trung Nguyen, Muhammad J A Shiddiky
Tumor-derived exosomes have emerged as promising cancer biomarkers due to their unique composition and functions. Herein, we report a stripping voltammetric immunoassay for the electrochemical detection of disease-specific exosomes using quantum dots as signal amplifiers. The assay involves three subsequent steps where bulk exosome populations are initially magnetically captured on magnetic beads by a generic tetraspanin antibody (e.g., CD9 or CD63) followed by the identification of disease-specific exosomes using cancer-related...
May 23, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533221/cd9-regulates-mhc-ii-trafficking-in-monocyte-derived-dendritic-cells
#11
Vera Rocha-Perugini, Gloria Martínez Del Hoyo, José Maria González-Granado, Marta Ramírez-Huesca, Virginia Zorita, Eric Rubinstein, Claude Boucheix, Francisco Sánchez-Madrid
Antigen presentation by dendritic cells (DCs) stimulates naïve CD4(+) T cells, triggering T cell activation and the adaptive arm of the immune response. Newly synthesized major histocompatibility complex class II molecules (MHC-II) accumulate at MHC-II-enriched endosomal compartments, and are transported to the plasma membrane of DCs after binding to antigenic peptides to enable antigen presentation. In DCs, MHC-II molecules are included in tetraspanin-enriched microdomains (TEMs). However, the role of tetraspanin CD9 in these processes remains largely undefined...
May 22, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507029/cd63-mediated-antigen-delivery-into-extracellular-vesicles-via-dna-vaccination-results-in-robust-cd8-t-cell-responses
#12
Tomohiro Kanuma, Takuya Yamamoto, Kouji Kobiyama, Eiko Moriishi, Yuji Masuta, Takato Kusakabe, Koji Ozasa, Etsushi Kuroda, Nao Jounai, Ken J Ishii
DNA vaccines are attractive immunogens for priming humoral and cellular immune responses to the encoded Ag. However, their ability to induce Ag-specific CD8(+) T cell responses requires improvement. Among the strategies for improving DNA vaccine immunogenicity are booster vaccinations, alternate vaccine formulations, electroporation, and genetic adjuvants, but few, such as extracellular vesicles (EVs), target natural Ag delivery systems. By focusing on CD63, a tetraspanin protein expressed on various cellular membranes, including EVs, we examined whether a DNA vaccine encoding an Ag fused to CD63 delivered into EVs would improve vaccine immunogenicity...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490497/protein-composition-of-the-hepatitis-a-virus-quasi-envelope
#13
Kevin L McKnight, Ling Xie, Olga González-López, Efraín E Rivera-Serrano, Xian Chen, Stanley M Lemon
The Picornaviridae are a diverse family of RNA viruses including many pathogens of medical and veterinary importance. Classically considered "nonenveloped," recent studies show that some picornaviruses, notably hepatitis A virus (HAV; genus Hepatovirus) and some members of the Enterovirus genus, are released from cells nonlytically in membranous vesicles. To better understand the biogenesis of quasi-enveloped HAV (eHAV) virions, we conducted a quantitative proteomics analysis of eHAV purified from cell-culture supernatant fluids by isopycnic ultracentrifugation...
June 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489901/characterization-and-proteomic-profile-of-extracellular-vesicles-from-peritoneal-dialysis-efflux
#14
Laura Carreras-Planella, Jordi Soler-Majoral, Cristina Rubio-Esteve, Sara Inés Lozano-Ramos, Marcella Franquesa, Josep Bonet, Maria Isabel Troya-Saborido, Francesc Enric Borràs
Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) is considered the best option for a cost-effective mid-term dialysis in patients with Chronic Renal Failure. However, functional failure of the peritoneal membrane (PM) force many patients to stop PD treatment and start haemodialysis. Currently, PM functionality is monitored by the peritoneal equilibration test, a tedious technique that often show changes when the membrane damage is advanced. As in other pathologies, the identification and characterization of extracellular vesicles (EVs) in the peritoneal dialysis efflux (PDE) may represent a non-invasive alternative to identify biomarkers of membrane failure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487417/tetraspanin-microdomains-control-localized-protein-kinase-c-signaling-in-b-cells
#15
Malou Zuidscherwoude, Vera-Marie E Dunlock, Geert van den Bogaart, Sjoerd J van Deventer, Alie van der Schaaf, Jenny van Oostrum, Joachim Goedhart, Joanna In 't Hout, Günter J Hämmerling, Satoshi Tanaka, André Nadler, Carsten Schultz, Mark D Wright, Merel J W Adjobo-Hermans, Annemiek B van Spriel
Activation of B cells by the binding of antigens to the B cell receptor (BCR) requires the protein kinase C (PKC) family member PKCβ. Because PKCs must translocate to the plasma membrane to become activated, we investigated the mechanisms regulating their spatial distribution in mouse and human B cells. Through live-cell imaging, we showed that BCR-stimulated production of the second messenger diacylglycerol (DAG) resulted in the translocation of PKCβ from the cytosol to plasma membrane regions containing the tetraspanin protein CD53...
May 9, 2017: Science Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473332/cd151-supports-vcam-1-mediated-lymphocyte-adhesion-to-liver-endothelium-and-is-upregulated-in-chronic-liver-disease-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#16
James C R Wadkin, Daniel A Patten, Sivesh Kamarajah, Emma L Shepherd, Vera Novitskaya, Fedor Berditchevski, David H Adams, Chris J Weston, Shishir Shetty
CD151, a member of the tetraspanin family of receptors, is a lateral organizer and modulator of activity of several families of transmembrane proteins. It has been implicated in the development and progression of several cancers but its role in chronic inflammatory disease is less well understood. Here we show that CD151 is up-regulated by distinct microenvironmental signals in a range of chronic inflammatory liver diseases and in primary liver cancer where it supports lymphocyte recruitment. CD151 was highly expressed in endothelial cells of the hepatic sinusoids and neovessels developing in fibrotic septa and tumour margins...
May 4, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458676/tetraspanins-in-plants
#17
REVIEW
Ronny Reimann, Benedikt Kost, Jan Dettmer
Tetraspanins are small transmembrane proteins that laterally associate with each other and cluster with numerous partner proteins as well as lipids. These interactions result in the formation of a distinct class of membrane domains, the tetraspanin-enriched microdomains (TEMs), which influence numerous cellular processes such as cell adhesion and fusion, intracellular membrane trafficking, signaling, morphogenesis, motility as well as interaction with pathogens and cancer development. The majority of information available about tetraspanins is based on studies using animal models or cell lines, but tetraspanins are also present in fungi and plants...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458469/tm4sf5-mediated-roles-in-the-development-of-fibrotic-phenotypes
#18
REVIEW
Jihye Ryu, Jung Weon Lee
Transmembrane 4 L six family member 5 (TM4SF5) can form tetraspanin-enriched microdomains (TERMs) on the cell's surface. TERMs contain protein-protein complexes comprised of tetraspanins, growth factor receptors, and integrins. These complexes regulate communication between extracellular and intracellular spaces to control diverse cellular functions. TM4SF5 influences the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), aberrant multilayer cellular growth, drug resistance, enhanced migration and invasion, circulation through the bloodstream, tumor-initiation property, metastasis, and muscle development in zebrafish...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455726/developmental-expression-of-claudins-in-the-mammary-gland
#19
Heidi K Baumgartner, Michael C Rudolph, Palaniappian Ramanathan, Valerie Burns, Patricia Webb, Benjamin G Bitler, Torsten Stein, Ken Kobayashi, Margaret C Neville
Claudins are a large family of membrane proteins whose classic function is to regulate the permeability of tight junctions in epithelia. They are tetraspanins, with four alpha-helices crossing the membrane, two extracellular loops, a short cytoplasmic N-terminus and a longer and more variable C-terminus. The extracellular ends of the helices are known to undergo side-to-side (cis) interactions that allow the formation of claudin polymers in the plane of the membrane. The extracellular loops also engage in head-to-head (trans) interactions thought to mediate the formation of tight junctions...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449222/tspan33-is-expressed-in-transitional-and-memory-b-cells-but-is-not-responsible-for-high-adam10-expression
#20
César Augusto Pérez-Martínez, José Luis Maravillas-Montero, Iván Meza-Herrera, Felipe Vences-Catalán, Albert Zlotnik, Leopoldo Santos-Argumedo
Tetraspanins are a family of transmembrane proteins that form membrane microdomains. They play important roles in migration, adhesion, and other cellular processes. TspanC8, a subfamily of tetraspanins, were found to associate and promote ADAM10 trafficking and cell surface localization. One of its members, Tspan33, is expressed in activated B cells. Using RT-PCR and flow cytometry, we analyzed the pattern of expression of Tspan33 in B cells from healthy donors. We found Tspan33 expression in early and late stages of B cell development...
April 27, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
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