Read by QxMD icon Read


Vandana Sekhar, Teresa Pollicino, Giacomo Diaz, Ronald E Engle, Farah Alayli, Marta Melis, Juraj Kabat, Ashley Tice, Anna Pomerenke, Nihal Altan-Bonnet, Fausto Zamboni, Paolo Lusso, Suzanne U Emerson, Patrizia Farci
Entry of hepatitis C virus (HCV) into hepatocytes is a complex process that involves numerous cellular factors, including the scavenger receptor class B type 1 (SR-B1), the tetraspanin CD81, and the tight junction (TJ) proteins claudin-1 (CLDN1) and occludin (OCLN). Despite expression of all known HCV-entry factors, in vitro models based on hepatoma cell lines do not fully reproduce the in vivo susceptibility of liver cells to primary HCV isolates, implying the existence of additional host factors which are critical for HCV entry and/or replication...
March 14, 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Zhongwu Hu, Daorong Hou, Xiaowei Wang, Zhenbing You, Xiufeng Cao
Background: Tetraspanin 12 (TSPAN12), a member of the phylogenetically ancient tetraspanin family, is linked to impaired vascularization of the eye called familial exudative vitreoretinopathy, while the functional role of TSPAN12 in lung cancer has not been well characterized. Results: In our study, TSPAN12 is able to regulate the growth of non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells both in vitro and in vivo. TSPAN12 mRNA level was significantly increased in human NSCLC samples compared with their corresponding paracancerous histologic normal tissues...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Lisa Seipold, Hermann Altmeppen, Tomas Koudelka, Andreas Tholey, Petr Kasparek, Radislav Sedlacek, Michaela Schweizer, Julia Bär, Marina Mikhaylova, Markus Glatzel, Paul Saftig
A disintegrin and metalloproteinase 10 (ADAM10) plays a major role in the ectodomain shedding of important surface molecules with physiological and pathological relevance including the amyloid precursor protein (APP), the cellular prion protein, and different cadherins. Despite its therapeutic potential, there is still a considerable lack of knowledge how this protease is regulated. We have previously identified tetraspanin15 (Tspan15) as a member of the TspanC8 family to specifically associate with ADAM10...
March 8, 2018: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Masaharu Somiya, Yusuke Yoshioka, Takahiro Ochiya
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) deliver biologically active cargos from donor cells to recipient cells for intercellular communication. Since the existence of RNA cargo was discovered, EVs have been considered to be useful drug-delivery systems. Specifically, EVs from bovine milk (mEV) are one of the most promising platforms, since bovine milk is a scalable source of EVs for mass production. However, it is still difficult to isolate pure EVs from bovine milk owing to the complexity of raw materials. Furthermore, the biocompatibility and immunotoxicity of mEVs are still unclear...
2018: Journal of Extracellular Vesicles
Julia Miller, Tobias F Dreyer, Anne Sophie Bächer, Eva-Kathrin Sinner, Christine Heinrich, Anke Benge, Eva Gross, Sarah Preis, Jan Rother, Anthony Roberts, Gabriele Nelles, Tzenka Miteva, Ute Reuning
The tetraspanin and tumor suppressor KAI1 is downregulated or lost in many cancers which correlates with poor prognosis. KAI1 acts via physical/functional crosstalk with other membrane receptors. Also, a splice variant of KAI1 (KAI1-SP) has been identified indicative of poor prognosis. We here characterized differential effects of the two KAI1 variants on tumor biological events involving integrin (αvß3) and/or epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R). In MDA-MB-231 and -435 breast cancer cells, differential effects were documented on the expression levels of the tumor biologically relevant integrin αvß3 which colocalized with KAI1-WT but not with KAI1-SP...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
Ján Remšík, Radek Fedr, Jiří Navrátil, Lucia Binó, Eva Slabáková, Pavel Fabian, Marek Svoboda, Karel Souček
BACKGROUND: The intratumoural heterogeneity, often driven by epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), significantly contributes to chemoresistance and disease progression in adenocarcinomas. METHODS: We introduced a high-throughput screening platform to identify surface antigens that associate with epithelial-mesenchymal plasticity in well-defined pairs of epithelial cell lines and their mesenchymal counterparts. Using multicolour flow cytometry, we then analysed the expression of 10 most robustly changed antigens and identified a 10-molecule surface signature, in pan-cytokeratin-positive/EpCAM-positive and -negative fractions of dissociated breast tumours...
February 20, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
T A Shtam, R A Samsonov, A V Volnitskiy, R A Kamyshinsky, N A Verlov, M S Kniazeva, E A Korobkina, A S Orehov, A L Vasiliev, A L Konevega, A V Malek
Extracellular vesicles (EV) are secreted by cells of multicellular organisms. EV mediate specific mode of intercellular communication by "horizontal" exchange of substances and information. This phenomenon seems to have an essential biological significance and became a subject of intensive research. Biogenesis, structural and functional features of the EV is being commonly studies in in vitro condition. Several methods of EV isolation from cell culture medium are established, however selection of method might influence on obtained results...
January 2018: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
Vitalie Samoil, Maude Dagenais, Vinupriya Ganapathy, Jerry Aldridge, Anastasia Glebov, Armando Jardim, Paula Ribeiro
Exosomes are small vesicles of endocytic origin, which are released into the extracellular environment and mediate a variety of physiological and pathological conditions. Here we show that Schistosoma mansoni releases exosome-like vesicles in vitro. Vesicles were purified from culture medium by sucrose gradient fractionation and fractions containing vesicles verified by western blot analyses and electron microscopy. Proteomic analyses of exosomal contents unveiled 130 schistosome proteins. Among these proteins are common exosomal markers such as heat shock proteins, energy-generating enzymes, cytoskeletal proteins, and others...
February 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Juan Carlos Polanco, Chuanzhou Li, Nela Durisic, Robert Sullivan, Jürgen Götz
In Alzheimer disease and related disorders, the microtubule-associated protein tau aggregates and forms cytoplasmic lesions that impair neuronal physiology at many levels. In addition to affecting the host neuron, tau aggregates also spread to neighboring, recipient cells where the misfolded tau aggregates, in a manner similar to prions, actively corrupt the proper folding of soluble tau, and thereby impair cellular functions. One vehicle for the transmission of tau aggregates are secretory nanovesicles known as exosomes...
February 15, 2018: Acta Neuropathologica Communications
Brian Sims, Anitra L Farrow, Sparkle D Williams, Anju Bansal, Alexandre Krendelchtchikov, Qiana L Matthews
HIV-1 is one of the most studied retroviruses. The role of exosomes in HIV-1 entry and pathogenesis are beginning to be appreciated. Exosomes can incorporate host proteins that are also contained in viruses (e.g., tetraspanins).
February 10, 2018: Archives of Virology
Tingting Gu, Weiwei Chen, Li Chen, Guilan Wang, Tiejun Li, Yuanyuan Zhu, Xiaojiao Gao
The present study explored the expression of tetraspanin 1 (TSPAN1) in esophageal carcinoma (EC) and its association with clinicopathological factors. TSPAN1 small interfering RNA (siRNA) was designed to target the TSPAN1 gene in Eca-109 cells in order to explore the biological function of TSPAN1 in the proliferation and apoptosis of EC. The results demonstrated that the level of TSPAN1 expression in EC tissue was significantly increased compared with that in adjacent normal tissue (P<0.001). TSPAN1 expression was also associated with histological differentiation, depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis (all P<0...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
Danielle R Bond, Crystal Naudin, Adam P Carroll, Belinda J Goldie, Joshua S Brzozowski, Helen M Jankowski, Murray J Cairns, Leonie K Ashman, Christopher J Scarlett, Judith Weidenhofer
Tetraspanin CD9 is generally considered to be a metastasis suppressor, with decreased levels associated with progression and metastasis in many advanced stage cancers. Little is known about the cause of CD9 dysregulation in prostate cancer, however there are several miRNA-binding sites in the 3´UTR of the transcript suggesting it could be post-transcriptionally regulated. Using microarrays and luciferase assays in tumourigenic and non-tumourigenic prostate cell lines we identified miR-518f-5p as a regulator of the CD9 3'UTR gene expression, and decreased expression of endogenous CD9 in non-tumorigenic prostate RWPE1 and prostate cancer DU145 cells...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
Zhen Kang, Enhua Xiao
Cluster of differentiation (CD)151, a member of tetraspanin family, is considered to be the first tetraspanin to be associated with tumor metastasis. Previous studies in vivo, in vitro and in the clinic have demonstrated that CD151 is involved in tumor progression at different levels through interaction with integrins, growth factor receptors and matrix metalloproteinases. Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is widely recommended for the treatment of patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Jaehak Oh, Justin S A Perry, Heather Pua, Nicole Irgens-Möller, Satoshi Ishido, Chyi-Song Hsieh, Jeoung-Sook Shin
Dendritic cells (DCs) produce major histocompatibility complex II (MHCII) in large amounts to function as professional antigen presenting cells. Paradoxically, DCs also ubiquitinate and degrade MHCII in a constitutive manner. Mice deficient in the MHCII-ubiquitinating enzyme membrane-anchored RING-CH1, or the ubiquitin-acceptor lysine of MHCII, exhibit a substantial reduction in the number of regulatory T (Treg) cells, but the underlying mechanism was unclear. Here we report that ubiquitin-dependent MHCII turnover is critical to maintain homeostasis of lipid rafts and the tetraspanin web in DCs...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Cell Biology
Khac Cuong Bui, Samarpita Barat, Xi Chen, Przemyslaw Bozko, Tim Scholta, Mai Ly Thi Nguyen, Vikas Bhuria, Jun Xing, Nguyen Linh Toan, Le Huu Song, Thirumalaisamy P Velavan, Bence Sipos, Ludwig Wilkens, Nisar P Malek, Ruben R Plentz
Cholangiocarcinoma (CC) is the second most common primary hepatic malignancy. CC treatment options are very limited especially for patients with distant metastasis. Kangai 1 C-terminal interacting tetraspanin (KITENIN) is highly expressed in numerous cancers, but the role of KITENIN in CC remains unknown. Here, we have investigated for the first time the function of KITENIN in human CC cell lines (TFK-1, SZ-1), tissues and a CC mouse model (Alb-Cre/LSL-KRASG12D/p53L/L). KITENIN was expressed in 92,2% of human CC tissues, in murine CC samples and also in human CC cell lines...
January 20, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
Sarah-Lena Offenburger, Elisabeth Jongsma, Anton Gartner
The loss of dopaminergic neurons is a hallmark of Parkinson's disease, the aetiology of which is associated with increased levels of oxidative stress. We used C. elegans to screen for genes that protect dopaminergic neurons against oxidative stress and isolated glit-1 (gliotactin (Drosophila neuroligin-like) homologue). Loss of the C. elegans neuroligin-like glit-1 causes increased dopaminergic neurodegeneration after treatment with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), an oxidative-stress inducing drug that is specifically taken up into dopaminergic neurons...
January 2018: PLoS Genetics
Lan Li, Daping Yang, Dejun Cui, Yu Li, Zhao Nie, Jinglin Wang, Li Liang
Gastric cancer, due to its high incidence rate, is the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Chemotherapy is an important component of the multimodal treatment for gastric cancer; however, a significant impediment to successful treatment is multidrug resistance (MDR) in patients with gastric cancer. In the present study, the protein profiles of the MDR cell line, SGC7901/DDP, and its parental cell line, SGC7901, were comparatively analyzed through an iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomics technique...
February 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Frederik Johannes Verweij, Maarten P Bebelman, Connie R Jimenez, Juan J Garcia-Vallejo, Hans Janssen, Jacques Neefjes, Jaco C Knol, Richard de Goeij-de Haas, Sander R Piersma, S Rubina Baglio, Matthijs Verhage, Jaap M Middeldorp, Anoek Zomer, Jacco van Rheenen, Marc G Coppolino, Ilse Hurbain, Graça Raposo, Martine J Smit, Ruud F G Toonen, Guillaume van Niel, D Michiel Pegtel
Exosomes are small endosome-derived extracellular vesicles implicated in cell-cell communication and are secreted by living cells when multivesicular bodies (MVBs) fuse with the plasma membrane (PM). Current techniques to study exosome physiology are based on isolation procedures after secretion, precluding direct and dynamic insight into the mechanics of exosome biogenesis and the regulation of their release. In this study, we propose real-time visualization of MVB-PM fusion to overcome these limitations. We designed tetraspanin-based pH-sensitive optical reporters that detect MVB-PM fusion using live total internal reflection fluorescence and dynamic correlative light-electron microscopy...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Cell Biology
Masafumi Takeda, Yasuharu Kanki, Hidetoshi Masumoto, Shunsuke Funakoshi, Takeshi Hatani, Hiroyuki Fukushima, Akashi Izumi-Taguchi, Yusuke Matsui, Teppei Shimamura, Yoshinori Yoshida, Jun K Yamashita
Here, we find that human-induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived cardiomyocyte (CM)-fated progenitors (CFPs) that express a tetraspanin family glycoprotein, CD82, almost exclusively differentiate into CMs both in vitro and in vivo. CD82 is transiently expressed in late-stage mesoderm cells during hiPSC differentiation. Purified CD82+ cells gave rise to CMs under nonspecific in vitro culture conditions with serum, as well as in vivo after transplantation to the subrenal space or injured hearts in mice, indicating that CD82 successfully marks CFPs...
January 9, 2018: Cell Reports
Ganesh V Pusapati, Jennifer H Kong, Bhaven B Patel, Arunkumar Krishnan, Andreas Sagner, Maia Kinnebrew, James Briscoe, L Aravind, Rajat Rohatgi
To uncover regulatory mechanisms in Hedgehog (Hh) signaling, we conducted genome-wide screens to identify positive and negative pathway components and validated top hits using multiple signaling and differentiation assays in two different cell types. Most positive regulators identified in our screens, including Rab34, Pdcl, and Tubd1, were involved in ciliary functions, confirming the central role for primary cilia in Hh signaling. Negative regulators identified included Megf8, Mgrn1, and an unannotated gene encoding a tetraspanin protein we named Atthog...
December 26, 2017: Developmental Cell
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"