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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#1
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079649/factors-affecting-the-ability-of-people-with-diabetes-to-avoid-hypoglycemia
#2
Fei-Ling Wu, En-Chang Wu, Yue-Cune Chang, Wen-Yu Hu, Jyuhn-Huarng Juang, Mei Chang Yeh
BACKGROUND: Hypoglycemia is recognized as a limiting factor in diabetes management. Fear of experiencing hypoglycemia may lead to lower quality of life, impaired glycemic control, and emotional distress, all of which impair the ability of patients to self-manage their diabetes effectively. Problem solving is central to diabetes self-management and may help patients achieve effective self-care of their disease. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of people with diabetes to avoid hypoglycemia and to explore associated factors...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078660/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-diabetes-quality-of-care-the-role-of-healthcare-access-and-socioeconomic-status
#3
Juan R Canedo, Stephania T Miller, David Schlundt, Mary K Fadden, Maureen Sanderson
INTRODUCTION: Blacks, Hispanics, and Asians are disproportionately affected by diabetes. We assessed the state of racial/ethnic disparities in diabetes quality of care in the USA. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data of adults diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes in the nationally representative 2013 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Differences in adherence to five diabetes quality of care recommendations (HbA1c twice yearly, yearly foot exam, dilated eye exam, blood cholesterol test, and flu vaccination) were examined by race/ethnicity while controlling for three social determinants of health (health insurance status, poverty, and education) and other demographic variables...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072742/the-nonlinear-association-between-apolipoprotein-b-to-apolipoprotein-a1-ratio-and-type-2-diabetes
#4
Yong Mao, Yang Xu, Leihong Lu
The ratio of ApoB/apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) has been found to be associated with type 2 diabetes, and it was proposed as a new biomarker for type 2 diabetes predictions. Previous studies have assumed that the association between apoB/apoA1 and type 2 diabetes was linear. However, the linearity assumption has rarely been examined. In the present study, we aimed to examine whether this association showed a linear trend in a nationally representative population.Participants aged 18 years and over (n = 8220) were selected from the China Health Nutrition Survey (CHNS)...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069625/cost-effectiveness-of-a-pragmatic-structured-education-intervention-for-the-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-economic-evaluation-of-data-from-the-let-s-prevent-diabetes-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
J Leal, D Ahrabian, M J Davies, L J Gray, K Khunti, T Yates, A M Gray
OBJECTIVES: Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (TD2M) is a priority for healthcare systems. We estimated the cost-effectiveness compared with standard care of a structured education programme (Let's Prevent) targeting lifestyle and behaviour change to prevent progression to T2DM in people with prediabetes. DESIGN: Cost-effectiveness analysis alongside randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 44 general practices in Leicestershire, England...
January 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068461/a-new-prediction-model-for-evaluating-treatment-resistant-depression
#6
Alexander Kautzky, Pia Baldinger-Melich, Georg S Kranz, Thomas Vanicek, Daniel Souery, Stuart Montgomery, Julien Mendlewicz, Joseph Zohar, Alessandro Serretti, Rupert Lanzenberger, Siegfried Kasper
OBJECTIVE: Despite a broad arsenal of antidepressants, about a third of patients suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD) do not respond sufficiently to adequate treatment. Using the data pool of the Group for the Study of Resistant Depression and machine learning, we intended to draw new insights featuring 48 clinical, sociodemographic, and psychosocial predictors for treatment outcome. METHOD: Patients were enrolled starting from January 2000 and diagnosed according to DSM-IV...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067945/effect-of-a-long-term-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-on-cognitive-function-action-for-health-in-diabetes-study
#7
Stephen R Rapp, Jose A Luchsinger, Laura D Baker, George L Blackburn, Helen P Hazuda, Kathryn E Demos-McDermott, Robert W Jeffery, Jeffrey N Keller, Jeanne M McCaffery, Nicholas M Pajewski, Mary Evans, Thomas A Wadden, Steven E Arnold, Mark A Espeland
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether randomization to 10 years of lifestyle intervention to induce and maintain weight loss improves cognitive function. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Data obtained as part of the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial (NCT00017953) and Look AHEAD Continuation study (U01 DK057136-15). PARTICIPANTS: Overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged 45 to 76 (N = 3,751)...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065677/multistrategic-approach-to-improve-quality-of-care-of-people-with-diabetes-at-the-primary-care-level-study-design-and-baseline-data
#8
Mariana Prestes, María Angelica Gayarre, Jorge Federico Elgart, Lorena Gonzalez, Enzo Rucci, Juan José Gagliardino
AIM: To test the one year-post effect of an integrated diabetes care program that includes system changes, education, registry (clinical, metabolic and therapeutic indicators) and disease management (DIAPREM), implemented at primary care level, on care outcomes and costs. METHODS: We randomly selected 15 physicians and 15 nurses from primary care units of La Matanza County to be trained (Intervention-IG) and another 15 physicians/nurses to use as controls (Control-CG)...
January 5, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060686/-diabetes-knowledge-test-feasibility-in-portugal
#9
Constança Azevedo, Luiz Santiago
INTRODUCTION: Given the rising incidence of type 2 diabetes and taking into account that much of its control depends on the patient's attitude towards his illness, loomed the need to equip health professionals with capable tools to determine the educational needs of their patients, allowing a more personalized intervention to correct habits that could be harmful to the diabetics' health. OBJECTIVE: Verify the Diabetes Knowledge Test reliability in Portugal. Analysis of socio-demographic and pathologic variables' correlation with the number of correct answers in the test...
September 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056974/an-evaluation-of-the-telehealth-facilitation-of-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-care-in-remote-australian-indigenous-communities-protocol-for-the-telehealth-eye-and-associated-medical-services-network-teamsnet-project-a-pre-post-study-design
#10
Laima Brazionis, Alicia Jenkins, Anthony Keech, Chris Ryan, Sven-Erik Bursell
BACKGROUND: Despite substantial investment in detection, early intervention and evidence-based treatments, current management strategies for diabetes-associated retinopathy and cardiovascular disease are largely based on real-time and face-to-face approaches. There are limited data re telehealth facilitation in type 2 diabetes management. Therefore, we aim to investigate efficacy of telehealth facilitation of diabetes and cardiovascular disease care in high-risk vulnerable Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders in remote/very remote Australia...
January 5, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056894/study-protocol-the-norfolk-diabetes-prevention-study-ndps-a-46%C3%A2-month-multi-centre-randomised-controlled-parallel-group-trial-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-with-or-without-additional-support-from-lay-lifestyle-mentors-with-type-2-diabetes-to-prevent-transition
#11
Melanie Pascale, Nikki Murray, Max Bachmann, Garry Barton, Allan Clark, Amanda Howe, Colin Greaves, Mike Sampson
BACKGROUND: This 7 year NIHR programme [2011-2018] tests the primary hypothesis that the NDPS diet and physical activity intervention will reduce the risk of transition to type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in groups at high risk of Type 2 diabetes. The NDPS programme recognizes the need to reduce intervention costs through group delivery and the use of lay mentors with T2DM, the realities of normal primary care, and the complexity of the current glycaemic categorisation of T2DM risk. METHODS: NDPS identifies people at highest risk of T2DM on the databases of 135 general practices in the East of England for further screening with ab fasting plasma glucose and glycosylated haemoglobin [HbA1c]...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051897/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-developing-countries-a-systematic-review
#12
Sivaraj Naidu, Sasheela Ponnampalvanar, Shahrul Bahyah Kamaruzzaman, Adeeba Kamarulzaman
Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a group of components associated with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The prevalence of MS in the HIV population is increasing in epidemic proportions globally. However, the magnitude and characteristics of MS are not fully elucidated in developing countries. The aim of this systematic review was to assess the prevalence of MS and its components among people living with HIV (PLWH) in developing countries. Searches were carried out in MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Scopus, other web sources, and by hand search...
January 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051021/behavioral-analysis-of-chinese-adult-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-on-self-monitoring-of-blood-glucose
#13
Zhao-Yi Qin, Jin-Hua Yan, Dai-Zhi Yang, Hong-Rong Deng, Bin Yao, Jian-Ping Weng
BACKGROUND: The information-motivation-behavioral skills (IMB) model of health behavior is an effective tool to evaluate the behavior of diabetes self-management. The purpose of this study was to explore behavioral factors affecting the practice of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) within the frame of IMB model of health behavioral among adult patients with type 1 diabetes in a single diabetes clinic in China. METHODS: A questionnaire with three subscales on SMBG information, motivation, and behavioral skills based on IMB model was developed...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040315/-barometer-of-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-care-metabolic-control-styles-of-life-and-morbidity-profile
#14
David Pérez-Manchón, María Lorena Rodríguez-Álvarez, Claudia Alcívar-Arteaga, Mercedes Redondo-Pico, Elena Ramos-Quirós
OBJECTIVE: Knowing the profile of cardiovascular morbidity, degree of control and lifestyles in type 2 diabetes. METHOD: Randomized multicenter cross-sectional study conducted in 2015 in primary care with 129 diabetics. It included sociodemographic variables, microvascular and macrovascular complications, organic damage, comorbidity and lifestyles of smoking, exercise and adherence to Mediterranean diet. Metabolic control was assessed with the latest annual glycosylated haemoglobin...
December 28, 2016: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034693/distance-education-and-diabetes-empowerment-a-single-blind-randomized-control-trial
#15
Vahid Zamanzadeh, Mohammad Zirak, Masomeh Hemmati Maslakpak, Naser Parizad
AIMS: Diabetes is one of the biggest problems in healthcare systems and kills many people every year. Diabetes management is impossible when only utilizing medication. So, patients must be educated to manage their diabetes. This study aims to assess the effect of education by telephone and short message service on empowering patients with type 2 diabetes (primary outcome). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted in the Urmia diabetes association in Iran...
December 21, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008782/understanding-bolus-insulin-dose-timing-the-characteristics-and-experiences-of-people-with-diabetes-who-take-bolus-insulin
#16
William V Tamborlane, Kathryn M Pfeiffer, Meryl Brod, Annie Nikolajsen, Anna Sandberg, Anne L Peters, Michelle Van Name
OBJECTIVE: Despite the increased popularity of newer, fast-acting bolus insulin treatment options that allow for more flexibility in the timing of bolus insulin dosing in recent years, relatively little is known about people with diabetes who administer bolus insulin at differing times in relation to their meals. The purpose of this study was to investigate bolus insulin dose timing in relation to meals among people with type 1 (T1D) and type 2 (T2D), as well as to better understand the characteristics and experiences of people who bolus dose at differing times...
December 23, 2016: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004268/dietary-intake-and-major-food-sources-of-polyphenols-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-the-tosca-it-study
#17
M Vitale, M Masulli, A A Rivellese, E Bonora, F Cappellini, A Nicolucci, S Squatrito, D Antenucci, A Barrea, C Bianchi, F Bianchini, L Fontana, P Fornengo, F Giorgino, A Gnasso, E Mannucci, A Mazzotti, R Nappo, A P Palena, P Pata, G Perriello, S Potenziani, R Radin, L Ricci, F Romeo, C Santini, M Scarponi, R Serra, A Timi, A A Turco, M Vedovato, D Zavaroni, S Grioni, G Riccardi, O Vaccaro
PURPOSE: Proper evaluation of polyphenols intake at the population level is a necessary step in order to establish possible associations with health outcomes. Available data are limited, and so far no study has been performed in people with diabetes. The aim of this work was to document the intake of polyphenols and their major food sources in a cohort of people with type 2 diabetes and in socio-demographic subgroups. METHODS: We studied 2573 men and women aged 50-75 years...
December 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002970/comparison-of-medication-adherence-in-diabetes-mellitus-patients-on-human-versus-analogue-insulins
#18
Jorge Enrique Machado-Alba, Diego Alejandro Medina-Morales, Luis Felipe Echeverri-Cataño
: Objetive: This study evaluated the results of treatment adherence scales in two cohorts of patients with diabetes mellitus treated either with human or analogue insulins. METHODS: A cohort study was conducted in diabetes mellitus patients older than 18 that were being treated with human or analogue insulins. Two instruments were applied to each patient [medication possession ratio, Morisky-Green test] to evaluate treatment adherence. RESULTS: A total of 238 patients, were included...
December 26, 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999143/aspirin-use-and-reduced-risk-of-pancreatic-cancer
#19
Harvey A Risch, Lingeng Lu, Samantha A Streicher, Jing Wang, Wei Zhang, Quanxing Ni, Mark S Kidd, Herbert Yu, Yu-Tang Gao
BACKGROUND: Few options besides the avoidance of smoking and obesity are available to prevent pancreatic cancer. The association between aspirin use and risk of pancreatic cancer has been inconsistent across studies. METHODS: We performed a population-based study of 761 case and 794 control subjects frequency matched on sex and age during 2006 to 2011 in Shanghai, China. Participants were asked about episodes of regular use of aspirin, tablets per day or week, and ages that the use started and stopped...
January 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998181/perspectives-and-experiences-of-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-observing-the-ramadan-fast
#20
Hadi A Almansour, Betty Chaar, Bandana Saini
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is a common chronic disease among Australians. Culturally and linguistically diverse groups are observed to have higher prevalence rates of diabetes. Continuing management needs adherence to medication and diet regimens. Religious practices such as fasting can affect diabetes management and medication use. Pharmacists as medication specialists have a significant role in helping people observing religious practices such as the Ramadan fast, which involves month-long absolute abstinence from food during daylight hours, to maintain good control over their condition...
December 21, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
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