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Zhurong Tang, Yanfei Tan, Yilu Ni, Jing Wang, Xiangdong Zhu, Yujiang Fan, Xuening Chen, Xiao Yang, Xingdong Zhang
Phase composition played a key role in the biodegradation of calcium phosphate ceramics (CaP), which in turn influences the osteoinductive ability. The in vivo biological mechanism is still poorly understood. In this study, four types of porous CaP ceramics were investigated, namely, hydroxyapatite (HA), β-tricalcium phosphate (TCP), and biphasic calcium phosphates BCP1 and BCP2, with HA to β-TCP ratios of 70/30 and 30/70, respectively. The four types of ceramics were implanted into thigh muscle of mice for 16weeks...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Jiabing Fan, Mian Guo, Choong Sung Im, Joan Pi-Anfruns, Zhong-Kai Cui, Soyon Kim, Benjamin Wu, Tara Aghaloo, Min Lee
Growth factor-based therapeutics using bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) present a promising strategy to reconstruct craniofacial bone defects such as mandible. However, clinical applications require supraphysiological BMP doses that often increase inappropriate adipogenesis, resulting in well-documented cyst-like bone formation. Here we reported a novel complementary strategy to enhance osteogenesis and mandibular bone repair by employing small molecule phenamil that has been shown to be a strong activator of BMP signaling...
October 22, 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Kai Li, Jiangming Yu, Youtao Xie, Mingyu You, Liping Huang, Xuebin Zheng
Ideal coatings for orthopedic implants should be able to induce excellent osseointegration with host bone tissue, which requires good osteogenic responses and limited inflammatory reactions. Cerium oxide (CeO2) ceramics have anti-oxidative properties and can be used to decrease mediators of inflammation, making them attractive for biomedical application. In this study, two kinds of CeO2 incorporated calcium silicate coatings (CS-10Ce and CS-30Ce) were prepared via plasma spraying technique, and the effects of CeO2 addition on the responses of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and RAW264...
October 20, 2016: Biological Trace Element Research
Faeze Pournaqi, Armaghan Ghiaee, Saeid Vakilian, Abdolreza Ardeshirylajimi
Tissue engineering is a promising emerged method trying to reconstruct lost tissues that using synthetic and biomaterials and their combination with cells. The purpose of this study is increase osteoinductivity of polyethersulfone (PES) by using polyaniline (PANi). In this study, after fabrication of PES and composited PES-PANi scaffolds by electrospinning, scaffolds were characterized morphologically and mechanically. Then osteoinductivity of scaffolds was investigated by osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) cultured on the PES and PES-PANI in comparison to the tissue culture polystyrene as a control...
October 14, 2016: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
Cuilian Liu, Halei Zhai, Zhisen Zhang, Yaling Li, Xurong Xu, Ruikang Tang
Hydroxyapatite (HAP) nanocrystallites in all types of bones are distinguished by their ultrathin characteristics, which are uniaxially oriented with fibrillar collagen to uniquely expose the (100) faces. We speculate that living organisms prefer the specific crystal morphology and orientation of HAP because of the interactions between cells and crystals at the mineral-cell interface. Here, bone-like platy HAP (p-HAP) and two different rod-like HAPs were synthesized to investigate the ultrathin mineral modulating effect on cell bioactivity and bone generation...
October 18, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ganggang Zhang, Alice Brion, Anne-Sophie Willemin, Marie-Hélène Piet, Vanessa Moby, Arnaud Bianchi, Didier Mainard, Laurent Galois, Pierre Gillet, Marthe Rousseau
During the past two decades, with a huge and rapidly increasing clinical need for bone regeneration and repair, bone substitutes are more and more seen as a potential solution. Major innovation efforts are being made to develop such substitutes, some having advanced even to clinical practice. It is now time to turn to natural biomaterials. Nacre, or mother-of-pearl, is an organic matrix-calcium carbonate coupled shell structure produced by molluscs. In vivo and in vitro studies have revealed that nacre is osteoinductive, osteoconductive, biocompatible and biodegradable...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Yukimori Isoda, Eisaku Imamura, Daisuke Ueno, Tsubasa Akaike, Yoshiki Hamada
Iliac particulate cancellous bone and marrow (PCBM) is still the most predictable autogenous graft material for vertical ridge reconstruction because of its high cell content as well as osteoinductive and osteoconductive properties. However, postoperative meralgia paresthetica, gait disturbance, pain, and bleeding have been reported following conventional harvesting from the anterior iliac crest. We present a case of minimally invasive harvesting of iliac PCBM. A short incision was made, and the iliac crest was exposed after elevation of the periosteal membrane...
December 2016: Int J Implant Dent
J Pauchot, A-P Sergent, G Leclerc, I Pluvy, L Obert
The induced membrane technique is used for bone reconstruction. It is based on the osteoinductive properties of a membrane induced by the insertion of a PMMA cement spacer. We will describe a simple, cost-effective method in which the body of a syringe is used to facilitate the cement introduction, allow insertion of a regular spacer, contain the cement volume in the extension of the diaphysis and protect the underlying tissues from the exothermic reaction during PMMA polymerisation.
June 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Toshiaki Nakamura, Yoshinori Shirakata, Yukiya Shinohara, Richard J Miron, Kirara Furue, Kazuyuki Noguchi
OBJECTIVES: It has been reported that bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-9 has potent osteoinductive properties among the BMP family by adenovirus-transfection experiments. We very recently reported that absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) as a carrier for recombinant human (rh) BMP-9, compared with chitosan sponge, was suitable for inducing bone healing/regeneration by BMP-9 in a rat calvarial defect model. The aim of this study was to evaluate different doses of rhBMP-9/ACS on new bone formation in rat critical size calvarial defects...
October 11, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Nard G Janssen, Adrianus P de Ruiter, Wouter M M T van Hout, Vincent van Miegem, Debby Gawlitta, Florence Barrère-de Groot, Gert J Meijer, Antoine J W P Rosenberg, Ronald Koole
For the first time it was demonstrated that an osteoinductive calcium phosphate-based putty is effective in the restoration of complex maxillofacial defects. In these defects, adequate mechanical confinement by multiple bony walls and osteoconduction from multiple surfaces are usually lacking. This study compares the efficacy of a microstructured beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) putty with autologous bone for the repair of alveolar cleft defects. A total of 10 Dutch milk goats were operated on in a split-mouth study design in which two-wall bony alveolar clefts were created and successively repaired with autologous bone (the gold standard) at one side and β-TCP putty at the other...
October 10, 2016: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
O G Davies, L M Grover, M P Lewis, Y Liu
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is a debilitating condition defined by the rapid formation of bone in soft tissues. What makes HO fascinating is firstly the rate at which bone is deposited, and secondly the fact that this bone is structurally and compositionally similar to that of a healthy adult. If the mechanisms governing HO are understood, they have the potential to be exploited for the development of potent osteoinductive therapies. With this aim, we utilised a tissue engineered skeletal muscle model to better understand the role of inflammation on this debilitating phenomenon...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Xiang Gao, Jinlin Song, Yancong Zhang, Xiao Xu, Siqi Zhang, Ping Ji, Shicheng Wei
The design and development of functional biomimetic systems for programmed stem cell response is a field of topical interest. To mimic bone extracellular matrix, we present an innovative strategy for constructing drug-loaded composite nanofibrous scaffolds in this study, which could integrate multiple cues from calcium phosphate mineral, bioactive molecule, and highly ordered fiber topography for the control of stem cell fate. Briefly, inspired by mussel adhesion mechanism, a polydopamine (pDA)-templated nanohydroxyapatite (tHA) was synthesized and then surface-functionalized with bone morphogenetic protein-7-derived peptides via catechol chemistry...
October 7, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Ujjal K Bhawal, Ryoichiro Uchida, Noboru Kuboyama, Tetsuo Asakura, Koichi Hiratuska, Norihiro Nishiyama
Existing scaffolds cannot adequately satisfy the simultaneous requirements for the regeneration of bone. The challenge remains of how to improve the integration of newly formed bone with the surrounding tissues. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of two silk fibroin scaffolds, a hexafluoro isopropanol-based silk fibroin (HFIP-F) and an aqueous-based silk fibroin (A-F), for their osteoinductive potentials in large critical size bone defects in vivo. β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) was used as a positive control...
September 28, 2016: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
Denver M Lough, Christopher Chambers, Gunter Germann, Ruben Bueno, Joel Reichensperger, Edward Swanson, Mary Dyer, Lisa Cox, Carrie Harrison, Michael W Neumeister
BACKGROUND: Although there has been tremendous research in the ability of mesenchymal-derived adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) to form bone, less is known regarding the molecular mechanisms that regulate the osteogenic potential of ADSCs. Notch, which consists of a key family of regulatory ligands involved in bone formation, is expressed in the bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell niche and is critical for proliferation, migration, and ultimately osseous differentiation. The authors investigate how Notch impacts ADSC proliferation and osteogenic differentiation to determine a translatable application of these cells in bone regeneration...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Sander Dobbenga, Lidy E Fratila-Apachitei, Amir A Zadpoor
: It is well known that biomaterials topography can influence the behavior of stem cells. Nevertheless, the fundamentals and the impact of nanoscale topography are just emerging. The main objective of this review has been to reveal the state-of-the-art on the effects of controlled nanoscale topographies (nanopatterns) on in vitro osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the absence of osteogenic supplements. The findings indicate that nanopatterns with specific feature sizes, spatial arrangements, or shapes may induce osteogenic differentiation of MSCs...
September 22, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Peng Chen, Jiadi Sun, Ye Zhu, Xun Yu, Long Meng, Yang Li, Xiaoya Liu
Degrading Mg and its alloys are a category of implant materials for bone surgery, but rapid corrosion in physiological environment limits their clinical applications. To improve the corrosion resistance of Mg-based implants, a biodegradable composite polymer coating is deposited on an Mg rod in this work. The strategy is to decorate Mg surfaces with poly(γ-glutamic acid)-g-7-amino-4-methylcoumarin/hydroxyapatite (γ-PGA-g-AMC/HAp) composite nanoparticles through electrophoretic deposition in ethanol. The morphology and chemical composition of the resulting coating material are determined by scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
December 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
Shu He, Kai-Feng Lin, Jun-Jun Fan, Gang Hu, Xin Dong, Yi-Nan Zhao, Yue Song, Zhong-Shang Guo, Long Bi, Jian Liu
A microsphere composite made of poly(DL-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA), mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN), and nanohydroxyapatite (nHA) (PLGA-MSN/nHA) was prepared and evaluated as bone tissue engineering materials. The objective of this study was to investigate the synergistic effect of MSN/nHA on biocompatibility as well as its potential ability for bone formation. First, we found that this PLGA-MSN/nHA composite performed good characteristics on microstructure, mechanical strength, and wettability. By cell culture experiments, the adhesion and proliferation rate of the cells seeded on PLGA-MSN/nHA composite was higher than those of the controls and high levels of osteogenetic factors such as ALP and Runx-2 were detected by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction...
2016: BioMed Research International
Jieyuan Zhang, Xiaolin Liu, Haiyan Li, Chunyuan Chen, Bin Hu, Xin Niu, Qing Li, Bizeng Zhao, Zongping Xie, Yang Wang
BACKGROUND: Recently, accumulating evidence has shown that exosomes, the naturally secreted nanocarriers of cells, can exert therapeutic effects in various disease models in the absence of parent cells. However, application of exosomes in bone defect repair and regeneration has been rarely reported, and little is known regarding their underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Exosomes derived from human-induced pluripotent stem cell-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hiPS-MSC-Exos) were combined with tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) to repair critical-sized calvarial bone defects, and the efficacy was assessed by histological examination...
2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Varun Manhas, Yann Guyot, Greet Kerckhofs, Yoke Chin Chai, Liesbet Geris
A variety of natural or synthetic calcium phosphate (CaP)-based scaffolds are currently produced for dental and orthopaedic applications. These scaffolds have been shown to stimulate bone formation due to their biocompatibility, osteoconductivity and osteoinductivity. The release of the [Formula: see text] ions from these scaffolds is of great interest in light of the aforementioned properties. It can depend on a number of biophysicochemical phenomena such as dissolution, diffusion and degradation, which in turn depend on specific scaffold characteristics such as composition and morphology...
September 16, 2016: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
F Diomede, N Zini, V Gatta, S Fulle, I Merciaro, M D'Aurora, R M La Rovere, T Traini, J Pizzicannella, P Ballerini, S Caputi, A Piattelli, O Trubiani
The purpose of this work was to test, in vitro and in vivo, a new tissue-engineered construct constituted by porcine cortico-cancellous scaffold (Osteobiol Dual Block) (DB) and xeno-free ex vivo culture of human Periodontal Ligament Stem Cells (hPDLSCs). hPDLSCs cultured in xeno-free media formulation preserved the stem cells' morphological features, the expression of stemness and pluripotency markers, and their ability to differentiate into mesenchymal lineage. Transmission electron microscopy analysis suggested that after one week of culture, both noninduced and osteogenic differentiation induced cells joined and grew on DB secreting extracellular matrix (ECM) that in osteogenic induced samples was hierarchically assembled in fibrils...
2016: European Cells & Materials
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