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Osteoinduction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533546/prostaglandin-e2-inhibits-matrix-mineralization-by-human-bone-marrow-stromal-cell-derived-osteoblasts-via-epac-dependent-camp-signaling
#1
Ali Mirsaidi, André N Tiaden, Peter J Richards
The osteoinductive properties of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and its signaling pathways have led to suggestions that it may serve as a potential therapeutic strategy for bone loss. However, the prominence of PGE2 as an inducer of bone formation is attributed primarily to findings from studies using rodent models. In the current study, we investigated the effects of PGE2 on human bone marrow stromal cell (hBMSC) lineage commitment and determined its mode of action. We demonstrated that PGE2 treatment of hBMSCs significantly altered the expression profile of several genes associated with osteoblast differentiation (RUNX2 and ALP) and maturation (BGLAP and MGP)...
May 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532101/sonochemical-synthesis-of-fructose-1-6-bisphosphate-dicalcium-porous-microspheres-and-their-application-in-promotion-of-osteogenic-differentiation
#2
Chao Qi, Ding Zhou, Ying-Jie Zhu, Tuan-Wei Sun, Feng Chen, Chang-Qing Zhang
Human bone mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) have the ability to differentiate into bone and cartilage for clinical bone regeneration. Biomaterials with an innate ability to stimulate osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs into bone and cartilage are considered attractive candidates for the applications in bone tissue engineering and regeneration. In this paper, we synthesized fructose 1,6-bisphosphate dicalcium (Ca2FBP) porous microspheres by the sonochemical method, and investigated the ability of Ca2FBP for the promotion of the osteogenic differentiation of hBMSCs...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532013/exercise-enhance-the-ectopic-bone-formation-of-calcium-phosphate-biomaterials-in-muscles-of-mice
#3
Lijia Cheng, Shuo Yan, Jiang Zhu, Peiling Cai, Ting Wang, Zheng Shi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether exercise can enhance ectopic bone formation of calcium phosphate (Ca-P) biomaterials in muscles of mice. METHODS: Firstly, ten transient receptor potential vanilloid subfamily member 1 (TRPV1) knockout mice (group KO) and ten C57BL/6 mice (group WT) were randomly chosen, 10μg Ca-P biomaterials were implanted into the thigh muscle pouch of each mouse which was far away from femur; after that, all animals were kept in open field for free exploration 5min, and the movement time and distance were automatically analyzed...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531995/scavenging-free-radicals-and-soaring-osteoinduction-by-extra-cellular-matrix-protein-based-nanocomposites-on-degenerative-bone-treatments
#4
Kavitha Kandiah, Navaneethan Duraisamy, Vinoth Amirthalingam, Balagurunathan Ramasamy
A number of materials are now available to alleviate the ever-growing bone disruption. However, these are inadequate and inappropriate for addressing issues associated natural process of aging and degeneration of bone due to diseases. This study advances the existing material and offers more privileged and synergistically active remedy for these conditions. Here, they are three different nano-composites prepared such as nano-TiO2 with chitosan (TC), nano-TiO2 with chondroitin 4-sulfate (TG), and nano-TiO2 with chitosan and chondroitin 4-sulfate (TCG), whereas nano-TiO2 act as a control...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528141/portland-cement-induces-human-periodontal-ligament-cells-to-differentiate-by-upregulating-mir-146a
#5
Min-Ching Wang, Li-Yin Yeh, Wen-Yu Shih, Wan-Chun Li, Kuo-Wei Chang, Shu-Chun Lin
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Bioaggregates such as Portland cement (PC) can be an economical alternative for mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) with additional benefit of less discoloration. MTA has been known to induce differentiations of several dental cells. MicroRNAs are important regulators of biological processes, including differentiation, physiologic homeostasis, and disease progression. This study is to explore how PC enhances the differentiation of periodontal ligament (PDL) cells in microRNAs level...
May 18, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527192/in-vitro-evaluation-of-an-injectable-biphasic-calcium-phosphate-bcp-carrier-system-combined-with-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-rhbmp-9
#6
Masako Fujioka-Kobayashi, Benoit Schaller, Yufeng Zhang, Benjamin E Pippenger, Richard J Miron
Bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9) has previously been characterized as the strongest osteoinductive growth factor among the BMP family. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possibility of combining rhBMP9 with an injectable biphasic calcium phosphate (I-BCP, maxresorb inject®), since I-BCP is an easy to handle biomaterial with ideal properties for bone augmentation procedures. The adsorption potential of rhBMP9 as well as the cell behavior of bone stromal ST2 cells were investigated on cell viability, adhesion, proliferation and osteogenic differentiation for I-BCP combined with/without rhBMP9 in vitro...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521690/engineered-bone-tissue-with-naturally-derived-small-molecules
#7
Guleid Awale, Edgar Wong, Komal Rajpura, Kevin W-H Lo
Natural products remain the best resources of drugs and drug leads. Recently, there is growing recognition that identifying new small molecules to promote bone regeneration is a laudable translational goal. In fact, new approaches for bone repair and regeneration that involve inexpensive naturally-derived compounds would have an important impact on the treatment of bone disorders and injuries. Over the past several decades, a number of naturally-derived small molecules with the potential of regenerating bone tissue (i...
May 16, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521114/msc-ecm-cellular-complexes-induce-periodontal-tissue-regeneration
#8
M Takewaki, M Kajiya, K Takeda, S Sasaki, S Motoike, N Komatsu, S Matsuda, K Ouhara, N Mizuno, T Fujita, H Kurihara
Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which possess self-renewing properties and multipotency, into a periodontal defect is thought to be a useful option for periodontal tissue regeneration. However, developing more reliable and predictable implantation techniques is still needed. Recently, we generated clumps of an MSC/extracellular matrix (ECM) complex (C-MSC), which consisted of cells and self-produced ECM. C-MSCs can regulate their cellular functions in vitro and can be grafted into a defect site, without any artificial scaffold, to induce bone regeneration...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515448/involvement-of-vascular-aldosterone-synthase-in-phosphate-induced-osteogenic-transformation-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells
#9
Ioana Alesutan, Jakob Voelkl, Martina Feger, Denise V Kratschmar, Tatsiana Castor, Sobuj Mia, Michael Sacherer, Robert Viereck, Oliver Borst, Christina Leibrock, Meinrad Gawaz, Makoto Kuro-O, Stefan Pilz, Andreas Tomaschitz, Alex Odermatt, Burkert Pieske, Carsten A Wagner, Florian Lang
Vascular calcification resulting from hyperphosphatemia is a major determinant of mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Vascular calcification is driven by aldosterone-sensitive osteogenic transformation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). We show that even in absence of exogenous aldosterone, silencing and pharmacological inhibition (spironolactone, eplerenone) of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) ameliorated phosphate-induced osteo-/chondrogenic transformation of primary human aortic smooth muscle cells (HAoSMCs)...
May 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506709/behavior-of-macrophage-and-osteoblast-cell-lines-in-contact-with-the-%C3%AE-tcp-biomaterial-beta-tricalcium-phosphate
#10
B Arbez, H Libouban
Beta-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) is a synthetic ceramic used for filling bone defects. It is a good alternative to autologous grafts since it is biocompatible, resorbable and osteoconductive. Previous in vivo studies have shown that macrophages are one of the first cells coming in contact with the biomaterial followed by osteoclasts and osteoblasts that will elaborate new bone packets. Studies have focused on osteoclast morphology and very few of them have investigated the role of macrophages. The aims of this study were to characterize (i) the biomaterial surface; (ii) the in vitro behavior of macrophages (J774...
May 12, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505164/human-decellularized-bone-scaffolds-from-aged-donors-show-improved-osteoinductive-capacity-compared-to-young-donor-bone
#11
Christopher A Smith, Tim N Board, Paul Rooney, Mark J Eagle, Stephen M Richardson, Judith A Hoyland
To improve the safe use of allograft bone, decellularization techniques may be utilized to produce acellular scaffolds. Such scaffolds should retain their innate biological and biomechanical capacity and support mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) osteogenic differentiation. However, as allograft bone is derived from a wide age-range, this study aimed to determine whether donor age impacts on the ability an osteoinductive, acellular scaffold produced from human bone to promote the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow MSCs (BM-MSC)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502669/biomimetic-tendon-extracellular-matrix-composite-gradient-scaffold-enhances-ligament-to-bone-junction-reconstruction
#12
Huanhuan Liu, Long Yang, Erchen Zhang, Rui Zhang, Dandan Cai, Shouan Zhu, Jisheng Ran, Varitsara Bunpetch, Youzhi Cai, Boon Chin Heng, Yejun Hu, Xuesong Dai, Xiao Chen, Hongwei Ouyang
Management of ligament/tendon-to-bone-junction healing remains a formidable challenge in the field of orthopedic medicine to date, due to deficient vascularity and multi-tissue transitional structure of the junction. Numerous strategies have been employed to improve ligament-bone junction healing, including delivery of stem cells, bioactive factors, and synthetic materials, but these methods are often inadequate at recapitulating the complex structure-function relationships at native tissue interfaces. Here, we developed an easily-fabricated and effective biomimetic composite to promote the regeneration of ligament-bone junction by physically modifying the tendon extracellular matrix (ECM) into a Random-Aligned-Random composite using ultrasound treatment...
May 11, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500409/physicochemical-and-biological-characteristics-of-bmp-2-igf-1-loaded-three-dimensional-coaxial-electrospun-fibrous-membranes-for-bone-defect-repair
#13
Lihua Yin, Shaohua Yang, Miaomiao He, Yuchen Chang, Kaijuan Wang, Yidan Zhu, Yuhui Liu, Yaoren Chang, Zhanhai Yu
Coaxial electrospun fibrous membranes show favorable mechanical properties for use in guided bone regeneration (GBR). We used coaxial electrospinning technology to fabricate three-dimensional nanofiber membranes loaded with BMP-2 and IGF-1, and assessed the physicochemical and biological properties of these novel membranes in vitro. We fabricated four experimental groups of BMP-2/IGF-1/BSA-loaded membranes with different flow ratios (shell/core). Membrane characteristics were assessed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy, and laser confocal microscopy...
June 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497879/bone-morphogenetic-protein-5-a-key-molecule-that-mediates-differentiation-in-mc3t3e1-osteoblast-cell-line
#14
Viji Vijayan, Sakshi Gupta, Sarika Gupta
Bone morphogenetic protein-5 (BMP-5) is a member of the TGF receptor-β family with osteoinductive property. However, its physiological role in osteoblast differentiation is not defined. This study highlights the importance of BMP-5 in MC3T3E1 osteoblast differentiation. Pre-osteoblasts exposed to osteogenic media (ascorbic acid, 50 µg/ml and β-glycerophosphate, 10 mM) showed high protein expression of BMP-5 in cell lysates and cell culture supernatants, which peaked during early time-points of differentiation and declined with onset of mineralization...
May 12, 2017: BioFactors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497318/controlled-ion-release-from-novel-polyester-ceramic-composites-enhances-osteoinductivity
#15
Soheila Ali Akbari Ghavimi, Rama Rao Tata, Andrew J Greenwald, Brittany N Allen, David A Grant, Sheila A Grant, Mark W Lee, Bret D Ulery
Due to the growing number of patients suffering from musculoskeletal defects and the limited supply of and sub-optimal outcomes associated with biological graft materials, novel biomaterials must be created that can function as graft substitutes. For bone regeneration, composite materials that mimic the organic and inorganic phases of natural bone can provide cues which expedite and enhance endogenous repair. Specifically, recent research has shown that calcium and phosphate ions are inherently osteoinductive, so controllably delivering their release holds significant promise for this field...
May 11, 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494433/electrospun-ultrathin-pbat-nhap-fibers-influenced-the-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-osteogenesis-and-improved-the-mechanical-properties-of-neoformed-bone
#16
Gabriela F Santana-Melo, Bruno V M Rodrigues, Edmundo da Silva, Ritchelli Ricci, Fernanda R Marciano, Thomas J Webster, Luana M R Vasconcellos, Anderson O Lobo
Combining polyester scaffolds with synthetic nanohydroxyapatite (nHAp), which is bioactive and osteoconductive, is a plausible strategy to improve bone regeneration. Here, we propose the combination of PBAT [poly(butylene-adipate-co-terephthalate)] and synthetic nHAp (at 3 and 5wt%). PBAT is a relatively a new polymer with low crystallinity and attractive biodegradability and mechanical properties for orthopedic applications, however, with a still underexplored potential for in vivo applications. Then, we performed a careful biological in vitro and in vivo set of experiments to evaluate the influence of PBAT containing two different nHAp loads...
April 27, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493213/3d-printing-composite-polycaprolactone-decellularized-bone-matrix-scaffolds-for-bone-tissue-engineering-applications
#17
Alexandra N Rindone, Ethan Nyberg, Warren L Grayson
Millions of patients worldwide require bone grafts for treatment of large, critically sized bone defects from conditions such as trauma, cancer, and congenital defects. Tissue engineered (TE) bone grafts have the potential to provide a more effective treatment than current bone grafts since they would restore fully functional bone tissue in large defects. Most bone TE approaches involve a combination of stem cells with porous, biodegradable scaffolds that provide mechanical support and degrade gradually as bone tissue is regenerated by stem cells...
May 11, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489940/isolation-and-characterization-of-canine-perivascular-stem-stromal-cells-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#18
Aaron W James, Xinli Zhang, Mihaela Crisan, Winters R Hardy, Pei Liang, Carolyn A Meyers, Sonja Lobo, Venu Lagishetty, Martin K Childers, Greg Asatrian, Catherine Ding, Yu-Hsin Yen, Erin Zou, Kang Ting, Bruno Peault, Chia Soo
For over 15 years, human subcutaneous adipose tissue has been recognized as a rich source of tissue resident mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC). The isolation of perivascular progenitor cells from human adipose tissue by a cell sorting strategy was first published in 2008. Since this time, the interest in using pericytes and related perivascular stem/stromal cell (PSC) populations for tissue engineering has significantly increased. Here, we describe a set of experiments identifying, isolating and characterizing PSC from canine tissue (N = 12 canine adipose tissue samples)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485078/tubular-open-porous-%C3%AE-tcp-plcl-scaffolds-as-guiding-structure-for-segmental-bone-defect-regeneration-in-a-novel-sheep-model
#19
Anne-Marie Pobloth, Hanna Schell, Ansgar Petersen, Katleen Beierlein, Christian Kleber, Katharina Schmidt-Bleek, Georg N Duda
Large segmental bone defect reconstruction with sufficient functional restoration is one of the most demanding challenges in orthopedic surgery. Available regenerative treatment options, as the vascularized bone graft transfer, the Masquelet technique or the Ilizarov distraction osteogenesis, are associated with specific indications and distinct limitations. As an alternative, a hollow cylindrical ceramic-polymer composite scaffold (beta-tricalcium phosphate and poly-lactid co-ε- caprolactone), facilitating a strong surface guiding effect for tissue ingrowth (group 1; n = 6) was investigated here...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484009/in-vivo-engineering-of-bone-tissues-with-hematopoietic-functions-and-mixed-chimerism
#20
Yu-Ru Shih, Heemin Kang, Vikram Rao, Yu-Jui Chiu, Seong Keun Kwon, Shyni Varghese
Synthetic biomimetic matrices with osteoconductivity and osteoinductivity have been developed to regenerate bone tissues. However, whether such systems harbor donor marrow in vivo and support mixed chimerism remains unknown. We devised a strategy to engineer bone tissues with a functional bone marrow (BM) compartment in vivo by using a synthetic biomaterial with spatially differing cues. Specifically, we have developed a synthetic matrix recapitulating the dual-compartment structures by modular assembly of mineralized and nonmineralized macroporous structures...
May 8, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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