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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909879/investigating-vaginal-bleeding-in-postmenopausal-women-found-to-have-an-endometrial-thickness-of-equal-to-or-greater-than-10%C3%A2-mm-on-ultrasonography
#1
Hilary L Turnbull, Nikolaos Akrivos, Paul Simpson, Timothy J Duncan, Joaquin J Nieto, Nikolaos Burbos
PURPOSE: This aim of this study is to determine the risk of endometrial cancer in symptomatic postmenopausal women, when endometrial thickness on transvaginal ultrasonography is equal to or greater than 10 mm, and subsequent office-based endometrial sampling histology is negative. METHODS: This is a prospective cross-sectional study, performed in a gynaecological oncology centre in the United Kingdom between February 2008 and July 2012. All postmenopausal women presenting with vaginal bleeding were investigated using transvaginal ultrasonography...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891402/clinical-analysis-of-ectopic-pregnancies-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-southern-india-a-six-year-retrospective-study
#2
S Tahmina, Mary Daniel, Preethy Solomon
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic Pregnancy (EP) is a life-threatening emergency commonly encountered by medical practitioners where diagnosis can often be missed. Any woman in the reproductive age group, presenting with lower abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding must raise the suspicion of an ectopic pregnancy to prevent mortality and morbidity. AIM: To review all cases of EP and determine the incidence of EP. To study the high risk factors and know the types of clinical presentation, methods of diagnosis, outcome and complications...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860404/perineal-alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma-treated-by-laparoscopy-assisted-total-pelvic-exenteration-combined-with-pubic-resection
#3
Toshisada Aiba, Keisuke Uehara, Satoshi Tsukushi, Yasushi Yoshino, Tomoki Ebata, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Tsuyoshi Igami, Gen Sugawara, Masato Nagino
A 20-year-old woman with a perineal alveolar soft part sarcoma was referred to our hospital. MRI showed that an irregular oval tumor occupied the perineum. The tumor was contiguous to the vagina, rectum, levator muscle, and pubis and was diagnosed as alveolar soft part sarcoma by transvaginal biopsy. Laparoscopy-assisted total pelvic exenteration combined with a pubic resection was performed, and an R0 resection with a wide margin was achieved. It is well known that only R0 resection improves the outcome of patients with localized alveolar soft part sarcoma...
November 10, 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846865/hysteroscopic-management-of-a-heterotopic-pregnancy-following-uterine-artery-embolization-a-case-report
#4
Jigyasa Subedi, Min Xue, Xin Sun, Dabao Xu, Xinliang Deng, Kenan Yu, Xi Yang
BACKGROUND: Intra-uterine pregnancy coexisting with cervical pregnancy (heterotopic pregnancy) is a rare condition and its management is challenging because of the massive bleeding associated with cervical pregnancy. Uterine artery embolization followed by hysteroscopic removal of cervical and intra-uterine products of conception can theoretically prevent massive bleeding and provide a direct view during the removal. Hysteroscopic management following uterine artery embolization of heterotopic pregnancy after in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer is rarely reported...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824761/imaging-for-polyps-and-leiomyomas-in-women-with-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-a-systematic-review
#5
Sarah Maheux-Lacroix, Fiona Li, Philippe Y Laberge, Jason Abbott
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of saline infusion sonohysterography in comparison with transvaginal ultrasonography for diagnosing polyps and submucosal leiomyomas in women with abnormal uterine bleeding. DATA SOURCES: We searched the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, and ClinicalTrials.gov as well as citations and reference lists to the end of November 2015. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Two authors screened 5,347 citations for eligibility...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818130/structured-imaging-technique-in-the-gynecologic-office-for-the-diagnosis-of-abnormal-uterine-bleeding
#6
REVIEW
Margit Dueholm, Ina Marie D Hjorth
: The aim in the diagnosis of abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) is to identify the bleeding cause, which can be classified by the PALM-COEIN (Polyp, Adenomyosis, Leiomyoma, Malignancy (and hyperplasia), Coagulopathy, Ovulatory disorders, Endometrial, Iatrogenic and Not otherwise classified) classification system. In a gynecologic setting, the first step is most often to identify structural abnormalities (PALM causes). Common diagnostic options for the identification of the PALM include ultrasonography, endometrial sampling, and hysteroscopy...
October 1, 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810281/adenomyosis-and-abnormal-uterine-bleeding-aub-a-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-management
#7
REVIEW
Jason A Abbott
The complex pathogenesis and variable presentation of adenomyosis make it one of the most difficult of the FIGO PALM-COIEN abnormal uterine bleeding group to diagnose and treat. Basic clinical parameters such as prevalence are difficult to accurately assess because histological confirmation is usually employed; however, because of the access to and accuracy and utilization of transvaginal ultrasound and other advanced imaging techniques such as MRI, noninvasive diagnosis is recognized to be highly accurate...
September 30, 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803583/use-of-clomiphene-based-stimulation-protocol-in-oocyte-donors-a-comparative-study
#8
Aparna Singh, Shilpa Bhandari, Pallavi Agrawal, Nitika Gupta, Niharika Munaganuru
INTRODUCTION: This study was undertaken to compare between clomiphene citrate (CC) and gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist-based protocols in donor-recipient cycles in terms of parameters of ovarian stimulation and obstetric outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and three fertile oocyte donors were stimulated using two different protocols: Clomiphene based (n = 103) and antagonist based (n = 100). Donors in the one group were stimulated from day 1 or 2 of spontaneous or withdrawal bleeds with CC (50 mg/day) and recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) till the day of trigger while donors in the other group were stimulated using recombinant FSH from day 1 or 2, and the antagonist was added as per flexible antagonist protocol...
July 2016: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801761/endometrial-thickness-as-measured-by-transvaginal-ultrasound-and-the-corresponding-histopathologic-diagnosis-in-women-with-postmenopausal-bleeding
#9
Vatsal Patel, Edward J Wilkinson, Srikar Chamalan, Xiaomin Lu, Jacqueline Costagno, Demaretta Rush
Endometrial thickness as measured by transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) is being increasingly used as a first-line method to evaluate patients with vaginal bleeding. Our study aims to examine correlation between the histopathologic diagnosis and the results of TVUS and find a threshold that could reliably exclude carcinoma. We included women, age 55 years and above, who presented with postmenopausal bleeding and had a TVUS within 30 days of their endometrial biopsy. Total of 304 patients met our criteria and were divided into 4 groups...
October 31, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751424/diagnosis-and-management-of-a-rare-case-with-placental-site-trophoblastic-tumor
#10
Fu-Nan Cho, San-Nung Chen, Yu-Hsiang Chang, James R Carey
OBJECTIVE: Placental site trophoblastic tumor (PSTT) is rare and is characterized by a slow growth. The objective of this report is to present a case of PSTT associated with irregular vaginal spotting that occurred 1 year after normal vaginal delivery. CASE REPORT: This report provides interesting ultrasound, hysteroscopy, and histology findings of PSTT. It is difficult to make a clinical diagnosis of PSTT at an early stage. Without the use of immunohistochemical analysis, PSTT may evade histological detection...
October 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693574/hybrid-transvaginal-notes-nephrectomy-post-operative-sexual-outcomes-a-three-center-matched-study
#11
Salvatore Butticè, Tarik Emre Sener, Valerian Ciprian Lucan, Luca Lunelli, Antonio Simone Laganà, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Christopher Netsch, Yiloren Tanidir, Rosa Pappalardo, Carlo Magno
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate our experience in patients undergoing hybrid transvaginal NOTES nephrectomy and evaluate the sexual functions in the post-operative period. METHODS: Prospective data of 71 patients with renal tumors who underwent hybrid NOTES radical nephrectomy in three different centers were collected from March 2010 to October 2015. Patient and surgical characteristics are recorded. Sexual function was evaluated with Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire, the day prior to the operation and three months after...
September 27, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668110/complex-laparoscopic-myomectomy-with-severe-adhesions-performed-with-proper-preventive-measures-and-power-morcellation-provides-a-safe-choice-in-certain-infertility-cases
#12
Jaime Alfaro-Alfaro, María de Los Ángeles Flores-Manzur, Roberto Nevarez-Bernal, Rodrigo Ayala-Yáñez
Laparoscopic myomectomy offers a real benefit to infertile patients with uterine fibroids and peritoneal adhesions. The procedure requires a skilled surgeon and laparoscopy technique to minimize adhesion formation and other proven benefits. Restrictions arise since this procedure requires power morcellation for fibroid tissue extraction. Two years ago, the Food and Drug Administration in the United States of America (FDA) issued the alert on power morcellation for uterine leiomyomas, addressing the risk of malignant cell spreading within the abdominal cavity (actual risk assessment from 1 in 360 to 1 in 7400 cases)...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603349/successful-repair-of-recurrent-rectovaginal-fistula-by-stratified-suture-using-transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery-a-care-compliant-case-report
#13
Weijie Chen, Xin Chen, Guole Lin, Huizhong Qiu
BACKGROUND: Rectovaginal fistulas (RVFs) are abnormal connections between the rectum and vagina. Although many surgical approaches to correct them have been attempted, management of RVFs still remains a challenge, especially for recurrent RVFs. METHODS: In the present study, we report a case in a 22-year-old female with a chief complaint of obvious passages of flatus or stool through the vagina for 10 years. She had suffered a vaginal trauma from a violent accident 10 years prior, and gradually noticed the uncontrollable passage of gas or feces from the vagina 2 weeks later...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27586131/first-experience-of-real-time-elastography-with-transvaginal-approach-in-assessing-response-to-mrgfus-treatment-of-uterine-fibroids
#14
Chiara Marigliano, Giovanna Panzironi, Luisa Molisso, Alessandra Pizzuto, Federica Ciolina, Alessandro Napoli, Paolo Ricci
PURPOSE: Definition of the role of real-time elastography (RTE) in the evaluation of response to treatment of uterine fibroids using MRgFUS in symptomatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 28 women with 34 symptomatic fibroids, selected for MRgFUS, were enrolled. The patients were preliminarily studied with MRI and suprapubic and transvaginal ultrasound examination including RTE; the follow-up was performed immediately after treatment, at 3 months and 12 months with the same technique...
September 1, 2016: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539567/vascular-complication-after-sacrospinous-ligament-fixation-with-uterine-preservation
#15
Amita Jain, Virender Singh Sheorain, Kulbeer Ahlawat, Rajesh Ahlawat
AIM OF THE VIDEO: Sacrospinous ligament fixation (SSLF) is a minimally invasive transvaginal procedure for correcting apical prolapse. Amongst perioperative complications, life-threatening hemorrhage has a reported occurrence rate ranging from 0.2 % to 2 %. We present a case of arterial hemorrhage following SSLF and a multispecialty approach to its successful management. METHODS: The video demonstrates the development of an unexpected progressive postoperative hematoma following left-side sacrospinous hysterocolpopexy via the anterior approach, despite minimal intraoperative bleeding...
August 18, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533929/dynamic-monitoring-of-menopause-hormone-therapy-and-defining-the-cut-off-value-of-endometrial-thickness-during-uterine-bleeding
#16
Qiu Sheng, Jun Yang, Qiaoling Zhao, Fen Li
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of low-dose tibolone therapy on ovarian area, uterine volume and endometrial thickness, and define the cut-off value of endometrial thickness for curettage during uterine bleeding. We followed 619 postmenopausal women, aged 40-60 years, for two years. There were 301 subjects in the low-dose tibolone treatment group and 318 subjects in the control group. The ovarian area, uterine volume and endometrial thickness in all participants were measured by transvaginal ultrasound prior to, one and two years post enrollment, respectively...
May 2016: Journal of Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27514130/-conservative-management-of-placenta-accrete-during-vaginal-delivery
#17
REVIEW
A Dimirov, T Garnizov, V Zlatkov, B Frundeva, A Masseva
Conservative management of placenta accrete consists in leaving the entire placenta accreta in situ after vaginal delivery of the fetus. This behavior requires active monitoring the vital signs of mother, genital status and paraclinical indicators for an extended period after birth. Monitoring is suspended after full absorption of the placenta. The success of the conservative approach depends on: the adopted protocol formanagement of placenta accreta, whether the diagnosis is known before birth, the possible of application techniques, reducing blood flow to the uterus, keeping the placental period and others...
2016: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504357/clinical-study-of-endometrial-polyp-and-role-of-diagnostic-hysteroscopy-and-blind-avulsion-of-polyp
#18
Janu Mangala Kanthi, Chithra Remadevi, Sudha Sumathy, Deepti Sharma, Sarala Sreedhar, Amrutha Jose
INTRODUCTION: Endometrial polyp is one of the common causes of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding (AUB) in the reproductive age group as well as postmenopausal age group. AIM: To study the clinical features of endometrial polyp and the safety and feasibility of blind polypectomy following diagnostic hysteroscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total of 256 women who were diagnosed to have endometrial polyp by transvaginal ultrasound and underwent diagnostic hysteroscopy and blind polypectomy by simple avulsion in the period of January 2008 to December 2014 were included in our study...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476255/-placental-site-trophoblastic-tumor-with-atypical-choriocarcinoma-case-report
#19
M P Álvarez-Goris, P De la Torre y Fernández, J M Huerta-Hentschel, R Sónchez-Zamora
BACKGROUND: The placental site trophoblastic tumor is the second rarest tumor of trophoblastic disease, with less than 300 cases reported. Clinical presentation it's a diagnostic challenge, it has an unpredictable malignant potential, and it can develop choriocarcinoma and even have simultaneous presentation. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 34 year old woman with chronic transvaginal bleeding since her last cesarean (five months ago), with histologic diagnosis of placental site trophoblastic tumor and inmuno- histoquimic report of choriocarcinoma, this early diagnosis improves her survival prognostic...
May 2016: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454735/technology-assessment-no-12-sonohysterography
#20
(no author information available yet)
The primary goal of sonohysterography is to visualize the endometrial cavity in more detail than is possible with routine transvaginal ultrasonography. Sonohysterography also can be used to assess tubal patency. The indications for sonohysterography include, but are not limited to, evaluation of the following: abnormal uterine bleeding; uterine cavity, especially with regard to uterine leiomyomata, polyps, and synechiae; abnormalities detected on transvaginal ultrasonography, including focal or diffuse endometrial or intracavitary abnormalities; congenital abnormalities of the uterus; infertility; recurrent pregnancy loss; and suboptimal visualization of the endometrium on transvaginal ultrasonography...
August 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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