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migraine in pediatric age group

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747935/prevalence-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-comparison-between-rome-iii-and-rome-iv-criteria
#1
Miguel Saps, Carlos Alberto Velasco-Benitez, Amber Hamid Langshaw, Carmen Rosy Ramírez-Hernández
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children using Rome IV criteria and to compare the prevalence of FGIDs using Rome IV with Rome III criteria. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study using the same methods as our previous study on FGIDs in Colombia. The Questionnaire of Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms Rome IV version was translated into Spanish, followed by reverse translation. Terms were adjusted to children's language by using focus groups of children...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732930/cephalic-cutaneous-allodynia-in-children-and-adolescents-with-migraine-of-short-duration-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Yoel Levinsky, Avraham Zeharia, Tal Eidlitz-Markus
Background Allodynia is prevalent in adults with migraine and has been associated with long disease duration and severe course. Studies of the pediatric population are sparse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of cephalic cutaneous allodynia in children and adolescents within the first 6 months of migraine onset and to identify associated clinical and migraine-related parameters. Methods The electronic database of a tertiary pediatric headache clinic from 2014 to 2017 was retrospectively searched for all children and adolescents diagnosed with migraine headache within 6 months or less of symptom onset...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560837/predictors-of-long-term-psychosocial-functioning-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-prior-concussions
#3
Vickie Plourde, Keith Owen Yeates, Brian L Brooks
OBJECTIVES: Individual differences in long-term psychosocial functioning after concussions in children and adolescents are poorly understood. The aim of the study was to investigate potential predictors of long-term psychosocial functioning and health-related quality of life in youth after prior concussion. METHODS: Participants (N=75; mean age=14.3 years old; 52% girls) with one prior concussion (n=24), multiple prior concussions (n=24), or a prior orthopedic injury and no concussion (n=27) were seen on average 2...
March 21, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456086/low-dose-propofol-for-pediatric-migraine-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
David C Sheridan, Matthew L Hansen, Amber L Lin, Rongwei Fu, Garth D Meckler
BACKGROUND: Migraine headaches are a common reason for pediatric emergency department (ED) visits. Small studies suggest the potential efficacy of sub-anesthetic doses of propofol for migraine with a favorable side effect profile and potentially decreased length of stay (LOS). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of low-dose propofol (LDP) to standard therapy (ST) in pediatric migraine treatment. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, pragmatic randomized controlled trial from April 2014 through June 2016 in the ED at two pediatric hospitals...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449820/headache-and-alexithymia-in-children-and-adolescents-what-is-the-connection
#5
REVIEW
Giulia Natalucci, Noemi Faedda, Dario Calderoni, Rita Cerutti, Paola Verdecchia, Vincenzo Guidetti
Background: Headache is one of the most common complaints in children and adolescents and comorbidity rates are very high and the major associated diseases are depression, anxiety, atopic disorders, sleep, and behavioral disorders. In recent years, it has been highlighted that difficulties regulating emotions such as alexithymia have also been associated with diagnosis of somatization. Methods: We carried out a mini review analyzing the relation between alexithymia and primary headache (e.g., migraine and tension type headache) in children and adolescents by synthesizing the relevant studies in the literature on PubMed, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379562/a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-the-efficacy-of-melatonin-and-amitriptyline-in-migraine-prophylaxis-of-children
#6
Razieh Fallah, Fatemeh Fazelishoroki, Leila Sekhavat
Objective: The aim of the present research was to compare the effectiveness and tolerability of melatonin and amitriptyline in pediatric migraine prevention. Materials & Methods: In a parallel single-blinded randomized clinical trial, 5-15 yr old children with diagnosis of migraine that preventive therapy was indicated in whom and were referred to Pediatric Neurology Clinic of Shahid Sadoughi Medical Sciences University, Yazd-Iran from 2013-2014, were randomly allocated to receive 1 mg/kg amitriptyline or 0...
2018: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334854/the-association-between-premorbid-conditions-in-school-aged-children-with-prolonged-concussion-recovery
#7
Réjean M Guerriero, Karameh Kuemmerle, Michael J Pepin, Alex M Taylor, Robert Wolff, William P Meehan
The association between preexisting anxiety, depression, and/or neurodevelopmental disorders and symptom duration among younger children who sustain concussions is not well known. The authors conducted a prospective cohort study of 569 patients presenting to a pediatric neurology clinic with the diagnosis of concussion. The authors measured associations between symptom duration and premorbid conditions, as well as gender, age, mechanism of injury, and other factors. Premorbid conditions were common in both age groups...
February 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304243/hyperexcitability-of-the-central-nervous-system-in-children-with-chronic-pain-a-systematic-review
#8
Roselien Pas, Kelly Ickmans, Sophie Van Oosterwijck, Kelly Van der Cruyssen, Anthe Foubert, Laurence Leysen, Jo Nijs, Mira Meeus
Objective: Hyperexcitability of the central nervous system plays an important role in the development and maintenance of chronic pain in adults. This knowledge has led to improved treatment strategies within this population. In children, however, research on the presence of central hyperexcitability is scarce. To further investigate this topic in children with chronic pain, there is a need for a clear literature overview. Design: Systematic review. Methods: The literature search was performed using the electronic databases PubMed and Web of Science...
January 2, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259575/visually-induced-dizziness-in-children-and-validation-of-the-pediatric-visually-induced-dizziness-questionnaire
#9
Marousa Pavlou, Susan L Whitney, Abdulaziz A Alkathiry, Marian Huett, Linda M Luxon, Ewa Raglan, Emma L Godfrey, Doris-Eva Bamiou
Aims: To develop and validate the Pediatric Visually Induced Dizziness Questionnaire (PVID) and quantify the presence and severity of visually induced dizziness (ViD), i.e., symptoms induced by visual motion stimuli including crowds and scrolling computer screens in children. Methods: 169 healthy (female n  = 89; recruited from mainstream schools, London, UK) and 114 children with a primary migraine, concussion, or vestibular disorder diagnosis (female n  = 62), aged 6-17 years, were included...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226466/childhood-onset-cluster-headache-observations-from-a-personal-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Arens Taga, Gian Camillo Manzoni, Marco Russo, Maria Vittoria Paglia, Paola Torelli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Puberty seems to be a turning point in cluster headache (CH) onset. To verify its influence on CH phenotype, we focused on cases with onset ≤13 years. A review of the literature follows. METHOD: We considered CH cases with age-of-onset ≤13 years evaluated at our center between 1975 and 2015; these cases were matched by sex to two consecutive patients with age-of-onset as close as possible (±2 years) to the median age-of-onset of the overall CH population...
March 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129667/prevalence-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-in-the-mediterranean-region-of-europe
#11
Elena Scarpato, Sanja Kolacek, Danijela Jojkic-Pavkov, Vlatka Konjik, Nataša Živković, Enriqueta Roman, Aco Kostovski, Nikolina Zdraveska, Eyad Altamimi, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Thomai Karagiozoglou-Lampoudi, Raanan Shamir, Michal Rozenfeld Bar Lev, Aziz Koleilat, Sirin Mneimneh, Dario Bruzzese, Rosaura Leis, Annamaria Staiano
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children from the Mediterranean area of Europe. We aimed to assess the prevalence of FGIDs in children and adolescents in this region. METHODS: We collected data on 13,750 children (4-18 years old) enrolled in the Mediterranean-European Area Project, a school-based health study performed in Croatia, Greece, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Macedonia, Serbia, and Spain...
June 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074058/breastfeeding-during-infancy-is-associated-with-a-lower-future-risk-of-pediatric-multiple-sclerosis
#12
J Nicholas Brenton, Casey E Engel, Min-Woong Sohn, Myla D Goldman
BACKGROUND: Risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) is influenced by environment and genetics. Infant breastfeeding appears protective against some childhood autoimmune disorders, but its impact on risk of MS in childhood is unknown. The objective of this study is to analyze the association of breastfeeding in infancy on future risk of pediatric-onset MS. BASIC PROCEDURES: Biological mothers of 36 consecutive pediatric-onset MS patients completed a questionnaire on history of breastfeeding and various birth and demographic factors...
December 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044497/pediatric-headache-and-sleep-disturbance-a-comparison-of-diagnostic-groups
#13
Jonathan Rabner, Karen J Kaczynski, Laura E Simons, Alyssa LeBel
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether sleep disturbance differs by headache diagnosis in a pediatric sample, and whether this effect remains when other factors affecting sleep are included. BACKGROUND: Primary headache disorders can be severe and disabling, impacting a child's functioning and quality of life. Many children and adolescents with chronic headaches also experience sleep difficulties, and there is likely a bidirectional relationship between headaches and sleep difficulties...
February 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883875/is-infantile-colic-an-early-life-expression-of-childhood-migraine
#14
Manijeh Tabrizi, Hamidreza Badeli, Afagh Hassanzadeh Rad, Vahid Aminzadeh, Ali Shokuhifard
OBJECTIVE: Migraine is the mosyndrome and infantile colic is a common cause of infantile cry. The pathogenesis of migraine and colic has not been well established and different factors may cause them. There is an association between infantile colic and the occurrence of childhood migraine. We aimed to assess whether infantile colic could be noted as an early life expression of childhood migraine or not. MATERIALS & METHODS: This retrospective case-control study was conducted on 5-15-year-old childrenin Rasht, Iran during 2015-2016...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861114/effects-of-low-dose-topiramate-on-language-function-in-children-with-migraine
#15
Seung-A Han, Eu Jeen Yang, Younghwa Kong, Chan-Uhng Joo, Sun Jun Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to verify the safety of low-dose topiramate on language development in pediatric patients with migraine. METHODS: Thirty newly diagnosed pediatric patients with migraine who needed topiramate were enrolled and assessed twice with standard language tests, including the Test of Language Problem Solving Abilities (TOPs), Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary Test, Urimal Test of Articulation and Phonology, and computerized speech laboratory analysis...
July 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831857/paranasal-sinus-disease-in-children-with-headache
#16
Ronan J Vieira Neto, Karine C S Teixeira, Marilisa M Guerreiro, Maria Augusta Montenegro
BACKGROUND: Sinus headache is one of the most frequent misdiagnosis given to children with headache. The objective of this study is to evaluate the frequency of sinus disease in children with headache that do not fulfill the criteria for headache attributed to disorder of the nose or paranasal sinuses. METHODS: This is a prospective study conducted at the authors' pediatric neurology clinic. Data from children with headache was evaluated and compared with a disease control group composed of children without history of headache...
October 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748680/factors-associated-with-favorable-outcome-of-topiramate-migraine-prophylaxis-in-pediatric-patients
#17
Il Han Yoo, WooJoong Kim, Hunmin Kim, Byung Chan Lim, Hee Hwang, Jong Hee Chae, Jieun Choi, Ki Joong Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are few studies that have investigated predictive factors related to migraine prophylaxis of which produced inconsistent results. The aim of this study was to identify factors that can predict the treatment response to topiramate prophylaxis in pediatric patients with migraine. METHODS: One hundred and thirteen patients who were older than 7 years and received topiramate for at least 3 months were recruited from the Seoul National University Bundang Hospital outpatient clinic from 2005 to 2014...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721545/is-topiramate-effective-for-migraine-prevention-in-patients-less-than-18-years-of-age-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
Kai Le, Dafan Yu, Jiamin Wang, Abdoulaye Idriss Ali, Yijing Guo
BACKGROUND: Mainly based on evidence of success in adults, various medications are commonly used to prevent pediatric migraines. Topiramate has been approved for migraine prevention in children as young as 12 years of age. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to assess the currently published data pertaining to the efficacy of topiramate for migraine prevention in patients less than 18 years of age. METHODS: We searched PubMed/Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Library (from inception to April 2017) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in English...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677996/headache-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-with-and-without-hemodialysis-a-comparative-cohort-study
#19
Miriam Davidovits, Tal Eidlitz Markus
Background Several studies have reported dialysis-related headache in adults. We investigated headache and its characteristics in pediatric and adolescent patients with chronic kidney disease and patients treated with dialysis, and compared characteristics of patients with and without headache in the entire cohort and separately among dialysis and among chronic kidney disease patients. Methods Patients and their parents who attended a nephrology clinic and hemodialysis unit were interviewed regarding the existence of headache and its characteristics...
April 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527089/pediatric-migraine-with-aura-in-an-italian-case-series
#20
Arens Taga, Marco Russo, Antonio Genovese, Maria Vittoria Paglia, Gian Camillo Manzoni, Paola Torelli
The aim of the present study was to describe the characteristics of migraine with aura (MwA) in a case series of patients with headache onset before 12 years of age. We considered all consecutive patients referred to the Parma Headache Centre between 1975 and 2015 affected by MwA, diagnosed by our team of trained neurologists; the cases were subsequently reviewed applying the ICHD3-beta criteria. We then identified those cases with headache age-of-onset <12 years (i.e., "pediatric" cases), which were compared to all remaining cases...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
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