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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131736/interpretive-phenomenological-analysis-of-a-lawsuit-contending-that-school-based-yoga-is-religion-a-study-of-school-personnel
#1
Catherine Cook-Cottone, Erga Lemish, Wendy Guyker
This study focused on the perspectives of school personnel affiliated with the Encinitas Union School District in California following a lawsuit arguing that their yoga-based program included religion and therefore was unsuitable for implementation in public schools and was unconstitutional. Participants (N = 32) were interviewed using a semistructured interview, and data were analyzed according to Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Five super-ordinate themes (including sub-themes) were identified in an iterative process, including: participants' perspectives on the roots of yoga and the type of yoga taught in their district; the process of introducing a yoga-in-the-schools program in light of this contention (including challenges and obstacles, and how these were met); perspectives on the lawsuit and how the process unfolded; effects of the lawsuit on school climate and beyond; and perspectives on yoga as, and as not, religious...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122395/the-clinical-and-medicolegal-implications-of-radiology-results-communication
#2
Barun Aryal, Derek A Khorsand, Theodore J Dubinsky
Multiple guidelines and legal precedents have established the radiologist's duty to inform clinicians directly of critical findings, or findings that will greatly impact patient health in a timely manner [1]. While the number one cause for radiology malpractice cases is misdiagnosis, the literature shows a growing portion of lawsuits surrounding breakdowns in communication between radiologists and ordering providers [2,3]. As such, a review of guidelines related to the communication of imaging results is warranted...
October 12, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119201/-implants-for-genital-prolapse-contra-mesh-surgery
#3
REVIEW
C Hampel
Alloplastic transvaginal meshes have become very popular in the surgery of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) as did alloplastic suburethral slings in female stress incontinence surgery, but without adequate supporting data. The simplicity of the mesh procedure facilitates its propagation with acceptance of higher revision and complication rates. Since attending physicians do more and more prolapse surgeries without practicing or teaching alternative techniques, expertise in these alternatives, which might be very useful in cases of recurrence, persistence or complications, is permanently lost...
November 8, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115070/legislative-issues-in-disclosing-financial-conflicts-of-interest-to-participants-in-biomedical-research-effectiveness-and-methodology
#4
REVIEW
Jae Sun Kim
This research focuses on the analysis regarding disclosure of financial conflicts of interest (FCOI) after Gelsinger v. University of Pennsylvania (Penn). The main legal issue was that the participants did not have enough opportunity to make an autonomous decision about participating in the research because he was not informed about the researchers' and the institution's substantial FCOI. The disclosure system was adopted by the Code of Federal Regulations. Under the regulation, researchers and institutions need to report FCOI over $5,000 to the institution, and the internal review boards have to report to the federal authority if needed...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079913/radiation-protection-factors-influencing-compliance-to-referral-guidelines-in-minor-chest-trauma
#5
Denis Tack, Fabian Louagé, Alain Van Muylem, Nigel Howarth, Pierre Alain Gevenois
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that referral guidelines are not sufficiently known by prescribers and that medico-legal concerns could influence the prescription of radiographs in minor chest trauma. METHODS: We submitted a questionnaire including a typical clinical history and questions on reasons for prescribing radiographs of the ribs in minor chest trauma to 112 prescriptors (33 residents, 18 surgeons, 7 internists, 24 general practitioners and 30 ER physicians)...
October 27, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069212/analysis-of-the-tobacco-industry-s-interference-in-the-enforcement-of-health-warnings-on-tobacco-products-in-brazil
#6
Cristina de Abreu Perez, Vera Luiza da Costa E Silva, Stella Aguinaga Bialous
This article aims to analyze the relationship between the Brazilian government's adoption of a regulatory measure with a strong impact on the population and the opposition by invested interest groups. The methodology involves the analysis of official documents on the enforcement of health warnings on tobacco products sold in Brazil. In parallel, a search was conducted for publicly available tobacco industry documents resulting from lawsuits, with the aim of identifying the industry's reactions to this process...
October 19, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062461/an-analysis-of-malpractice-litigation-and-expert-witnesses-in-plastic-surgery
#7
Paul J Therattil, Stella Chung, Aditya Sood, Mark S Granick, Edward S Lee
Objective: Expert witness testimony is crucial for juror decision making. The goals of this study were to examine the trends in malpractice litigation in plastic surgery and to examine the characteristics of expert witnesses in litigation. Methods: The Westlaw legal database was queried for jury verdict and settlement reports related to plastic surgery cases from 2009 to 2015. Cases were examined for expert witness testimony, procedure performed, alleged injury, cause of action, verdict, and indemnity payments...
2017: Eplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049113/the-us-opioid-crisis-current-federal-and-state-legal-issues
#8
REVIEW
Cobin D Soelberg, Raeford E Brown, Derick Du Vivier, John E Meyer, Banu K Ramachandran
The United States is in the midst of a devastating opioid misuse epidemic leading to over 33,000 deaths per year from both prescription and illegal opioids. Roughly half of these deaths are attributable to prescription opioids. Federal and state governments have only recently begun to grasp the magnitude of this public health crisis. In 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released their Guidelines for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain. While not comprehensive in scope, these guidelines attempt to control and regulate opioid prescribing...
November 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040404/variables-that-impact-medical-malpractice-claims-involving-plastic-surgeons-in-the-united-states
#9
Piper Boyll, Paul Kang, Raman Mahabir, Robert W Bernard
Background: Medical malpractice lawsuits contribute directly and indirectly to the cost of healthcare in the United States. Reducing medical malpractice claims represents an often unrecognized opportunity for improving both the quality and affordability of healthcare. Objectives: The aim of this study was to better understand variables of the informed consent process that may contribute to reducing malpractice claims in plastic surgery. Methods: A prospective multiple choice questionnaire was distributed via email to all of the 1694 members of the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ASAPS) to evaluate attitudes and practices of informed consent in relation to medical malpractice...
October 12, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038313/defamation-lawsuits-academic-sword-or-shield
#10
Elizabeth Hall-Lipsy, Sarah Malanga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 16, 2017: EMBO Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029370/elder-neglect-oral-diseases-and-injuries
#11
Stefano Petti
Elder Neglect (EN) is the failure of a designated caregiver to meet the needs of a dependent older person. World EN prevalence, meta-analyzed in this study, is 1.0% or 1.8% according to different statistical methods. Referring alleged EN cases to Adult Protective Services (APSs) by healthcare workers (HCWs) is mandatory in many countries. However, only few claims are substantiated, as EN could be confused with Self-Neglect, neglect could be unintentional or due to caregiver unawareness. Screening tools are inaccurate and their use is discouraged by public health organizations, because they lead to too many false positives, which engulf the already overwhelmed APSs...
October 13, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022935/researchgate-lawsuit-walrus-spat-and-a-second-world-war-shipwreck
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975217/strategies-that-delay-market-entry-of-generic-drugs
#13
Kerstin Noëlle Vokinger, Aaron S Kesselheim, Jerry Avorn, Ameet Sarpatwari
Increasing prescription drug expenditures in the United States are primarily driven by high brand-name drug prices. Although generic competition helps lower drug prices, manufacturers of brand-name drugs often work to delay the availability of generic versions of their products. Strategies to forestall generic competition include patenting peripheral aspects of a drug or modified formulations that do not add clinical value, paying generic manufacturers to settle lawsuits challenging the validity of patents on brand-name drugs ("reverse payment" settlements), denying generic manufacturers access to drug samples necessary for bioequivalence testing, misusing risk evaluation and mitigation strategies, and filing citizen petitions with the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974487/explaining-and-apologizing-to-patients-after-errors-does-not-increase-lawsuits-finds-study
#14
Susan Mayor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971925/outcomes-in-two-massachusetts-hospital-systems-give-reason-for-optimism-about-communication-and-resolution-programs
#15
Michelle M Mello, Allen Kachalia, Stephanie Roche, Melinda Van Niel, Lisa Buchsbaum, Suzanne Dodson, Patricia Folcarelli, Evan M Benjamin, Kenneth E Sands
Through communication-and-resolution programs, hospitals and liability insurers communicate with patients when adverse events occur; investigate and explain what happened; and, where appropriate, apologize and proactively offer compensation. Using data recorded by program staff members and from surveys of involved clinicians, we examined case outcomes of a program used by two academic medical centers and two of their community hospitals in Massachusetts in the period 2013-15. The hospitals demonstrated good adherence to the program protocol...
October 1, 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970142/pathological-findings-in-explanted-vaginal-mesh
#16
Li Li, Xiaoyuan Wang, Ji Young Park, Hao Chen, Yiying Wang, Wenxin Zheng
In light of the legal issues and the shortage of data on histopathological findings, we summarized our experience on how explanted vaginal mesh specimens were managed in a surgical pathology practice during the last 5years. Clinical history and pathology reports were collected from 155 women undergoing transvaginal tape excision. The degree of chronic inflammation, fibrosis, foreign-body giant cell reactions, the number of capillary vessels and nerve fibers, and the presence or absence of adipose tissue were recorded...
September 29, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970057/understanding-the-legal-essentials-of-a-bowel-injury-lawsuit-in-minimally-invasive-gynecological-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Paul A Walden, Burak Zeybek, John Y Phelps
Bowel injury is a known inherent complication of minimally invasive gynecological surgery. However, it does not automatically signify medical malpractice. Plaintiff attorneys representing patients seeking legal recourse from their bowel injury typically allege claims of intraoperative negligence, delay in diagnosis, and lack of informed consent in an effort to circumvent the assertion that it is a known inherent complication. Additionally, damage awards in bowel injury lawsuits can easily exceed the amount covered by the policy limits of a medical malpractice insurance plan, leaving the gynecologist financially responsible for the difference...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959983/giant-pandas-gender-lawsuit-and-more-disaster-havoc
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 27, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953089/lawsuits-after-primary-and-revision-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-malpractice-claims-analysis
#19
Diana C Patterson, Ronald Grelsamer, Michael J Bronson, Calin S Moucha
INTRODUCTION: As the number of total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) increases, the number of associated complications will also increase. Our goal with this study was to identify common causes of and financial trends relating to malpractice claims filed after TKA. METHODS: We analyzed malpractice claims filed for alleged neglectful primary and revision TKA surgeries performed between 1982 and 2012 by orthopaedic surgeons insured by a large New York state malpractice carrier...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951342/the-impact-of-ethnicity-educational-and-economic-status-on-the-prescription-of-insulin-therapeutic-regimens-and-on-glycemic-control-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-nationwide-study-in-brazil
#20
Marilia Brito Gomes, Melanie Rodacki, Elizabeth João Pavin, Roberta Arnoldi Cobas, João S Felicio, Lenita Zajdenverg, Carlos Antonio Negrato
AIMS: Establish the relationship between demographic, educational and economic status on insulin therapeutic regimens (ITRs) and on glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, multicenter study with 1760 patients conducted between August 2011 and August 2014 in 10 Brazilian cities. RESULTS: Patients were stratified according to ITRs as follows: only NPH insulin (group 1, n=80(4.5%)); only long-acting insulin analogs (group 2, n=6(0...
September 23, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
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