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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754832/ondansetron-in-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-congenital-malformations-a-systematic-review
#1
Melissa Lavecchia, Radha Chari, Sandra Campbell, Sue Ross
OBJECTIVE: Ondansetron, not approved for use in pregnancy, is increasingly being prescribed for nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and hyperemesis gravidarum. A number of recent lawsuits have highlighted the possibility that ondansetron may cause congenital malformations. The aim of this study was to systematically review epidemiological evidence on the potential association of prenatal exposure to ondansetron and congenital malformations. METHODS: Systematic searches in Medline and Embase were performed in June 2017 using controlled vocabulary and key words, and references of search results were reviewed...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750644/the-meteoric-rise-and-dramatic-fall-of-theranos-lessons-learned-for-the-diagnostic-industry
#2
Clare Fiala, Eleftherios P Diamandis
In this piece we discuss and reflect on the conclusion of the Theranos saga in the light of its fraud conviction. Theranos (founded in 2003 by Elizabeth Holmes) was supposed to disrupt the diagnostic testing industry by developing technology which could perform dozens of tests using a tiny amount of blood from a finger-prick. As a result, Ms. Holmes rose to fame, becoming the world's youngest female self-made billionaire and was plastered across magazine covers. However, in 2014, Theranos began to fall apart following increasingly damaging revelations regarding its lack of expertise, technology, framework, extreme secrecy and inaccurate test results...
May 11, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713356/sudden-unexpected-cardio-respiratory-arrest-after-venipuncture-in-children
#3
Goun Jeong, Son Moon Shin, Nam Su Kim, Young Min Ahn
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the clinical and socioenvironmental characteristics of sudden cardiorespiratory arrest after venipuncture in children. Methods: We conducted a retrospective email-based survey of all members of the Korean Pediatric Society. The questionnaire included items on patient demographics, socioenvironmental circumstances of the venipuncture, type of cardiorespiratory arrest, symptoms and signs, treatment, prognosis, and presumed cause of the arrest...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698089/the-role-of-health-in-climate-litigation
#4
Sabrina McCormick, Samuel J Simmens, Robert Glicksman, LeRoy Paddock, Daniel Kim, Brittany Whited
OBJECTIVES: To examine how the courts, which play a critical role in shaping public policy, consider public health in climate change and coal-fired power plant lawsuits. METHODS: We coded US local, state, and federal court decisions relating to climate change and coal-fired power plants from 1990 to 2016 (n = 873) and qualitatively investigated 139 cases in which litigants raised issues concerning the health impacts of climate change. We also conducted 78 interviews with key litigants, advocates, industry representatives, advising scientists, and legal experts...
April 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683346/medicolegal-malpractice-and-ethical-issues-in-radiology-is-the-decreasing-number-of-malpractice-lawsuits-due-to-physicians-practicing-better-medicine-or-litigation-costs-precluding-attorneys-from-taking-cases-involving-minor-injuries
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678488/medicolegal-considerations-involving-iatrogenic-lingual-nerve-damage
#6
REVIEW
Roberto Pippi, Andrea Spota, Marcello Santoro
The aim of this review is to improve risk management strategies through analysis of the anatomic, semeiotic, and medicolegal aspects that characterize iatrogenic lingual nerve damage (LND) and its legal consequences in the case of legal proceedings for a claim for compensation. In dental practice, LND can be caused by local or general anesthesia or by mechanical, chemical, or thermal mechanisms. A certain postoperative identification of LND etiopathogenesis is often very challenging because it can be difficult to show at what time the damage occurred and which mechanism actually caused it...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667638/-the-forensic-medical-aspects-of-the-inappropriate-medical-care-in-the-modern-day-ukraine
#7
V V Franchuk
Despite the fact that the ever growing relevance of the problem of the inappropriate medical care was long ago brought to the worldwide attention, it has not been practically addressed in the Ukraine since the country gained independence in 1991. The objective of the present study was to consider the specific features of expert examination of the cases of inappropriate medical care as exemplified by the materials of the legal actions and lawsuits instituted against healthcare specialists violating their occupational duties...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656701/estimated-cost-to-a-restaurant-of-a-foodborne-illness-outbreak
#8
Sarah M Bartsch, Lindsey Asti, Sindiso Nyathi, Marie L Spiker, Bruce Y Lee
OBJECTIVES: Although outbreaks of restaurant-associated foodborne illness occur periodically and make the news, a restaurant may not be aware of the cost of an outbreak. We estimated this cost under varying circumstances. METHODS: We developed a computational simulation model; scenarios varied outbreak size (5 to 250 people affected), pathogen (n = 15), type of dining establishment (fast food, fast casual, casual dining, and fine dining), lost revenue (ie, meals lost per illness), cost of lawsuits and legal fees, fines, and insurance premium increases...
May 2018: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649194/regulatory-chills-tobacco-industry-legal-threats-and-the-politics-of-tobacco-standardised-packaging-in-new-zealand
#9
Eric Crosbie, George Thomson
AIMS: To describe the process of enacting tobacco standardised packaging (SP) amidst tobacco industry legal threats in New Zealand. METHODS: Relevant government and NGO documents, and media items were reviewed. Policymakers and health advocates in New Zealand were interviewed. The data were triangulated and thematically analysed. RESULTS: In 2011, the New Zealand Government announced the goal of becoming a smokefree country (reducing smoking prevalence to 5%) by the year 2025, and considered adopting SP...
April 13, 2018: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627916/necrotizing-fasciitis-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature-on-clinical-and-medico-legal-diagnostic-challenges
#10
Paolo Fais, Alessia Viero, Guido Viel, Renzo Giordano, Dario Raniero, Stefano Kusstatscher, Chiara Giraudo, Giovanni Cecchetto, Massimo Montisci
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a life-threatening infection of soft tissues spreading along the fasciae to the surrounding musculature, subcutaneous fat and overlying skin areas that can rapidly lead to septic shock and death. Due to the pandemic increase of medical malpractice lawsuits, above all in Western countries, the forensic pathologist is frequently asked to investigate post-mortem cases of NF in order to determine the cause of death and to identify any related negligence and/or medical error. Herein, we review the medical literature dealing with cases of NF in a post-mortem setting, present a case series of seven NF fatalities and discuss the main ante-mortem and post-mortem diagnostic challenges of both clinical and forensic interests...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613877/killing-me-sovereignly-the-quiet-demise-of-the-americans-with-disabilities-act
#11
Michelle Miller, Leslie Neal-Boylan
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to make rehabilitation nurses aware that the Supreme Court has limited some of the protections afforded by the Americans With Disabilities Act (1990) on the basis of "sovereign immunity." METHODS: The authors use the case review method to analyze Supreme Court cases and alternatives for people with disabilities discriminated against because of the state in which they live. FINDINGS: Sovereign immunity makes it more difficult for a disabled person to bring a lawsuit against a state government (as an employer or provider of a public service) under the Americans With Disabilities Act...
April 3, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595675/a-12-year-analysis-of-closed-medical-malpractice-claims-of-the-taiwan-civil-court-a-retrospective-study
#12
Chi-Yuan Hwang, Chien-Hung Wu, Fu-Cheng Cheng, Yung-Lin Yen, Kuan-Han Wu
Malpractices lawsuits cause increased physician stress and decreased career satisfaction, which might result in defensive medicine for avoiding litigation. It is, consequently, important to learn experiences from previous malpractice claims. The aim of this study was to examine the epidemiologic factors related to medical malpractice claims, identify specialties at high risk of such claims, and determine clinical which errors tend to lead to medical malpractice lawsuits, by analyzing closed malpractice claims in the civil courts of Taiwan...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536927/medical-errors-malpractice-and-defensive-medicine-an-ill-fated-triad
#13
Leonard Berlin
For the first 180 years following the founding of the US, physicians occasionally were sued for medical malpractice. Allegations of negligence were errors of commission - i.e. the physician made a mistake by doing something wrong, usually mistreatment of a fracture or dislocation, a complication or death following a surgical procedure, prescribing the wrong medication, and after the discovery of the X-ray by Roentgen in 1895, causing radiation burns. In the mid twentieth century malpractice allegations slowly changed from errors of commission to errors of omission - i...
September 26, 2017: Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520344/analysis-of-lawsuit-cases-in-the-department-of-surgery-in-korea
#14
Ji Yun Jung, So Yoon Kim, Dong Gyu Kim, Choong Bai Kim, Kyong-Choun Chi, Won Kyung Kang, Won Lee
Purpose: The aim of this study is to prepare medical staff in order to prevent medical malpractice litigation through analysis of litigation cases related to the department of surgery in Korea. Methods: A total of 94 litigation cases related to the department of surgery, where a certain amount of payment was ordered to the defendant between 2005 through 2010, were analyzed. We examined time of occurrence, amount claimed and awarded in damages, plaintiff claims, and court opinion...
March 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479481/can-civil-lawsuits-stem-the-tide-of-direct-to-consumer-marketing-of-unproven-stem-cell-interventions
#15
REVIEW
Claire Horner, Evelyn Tenenbaum, Douglas Sipp, Zubin Master
The sale of unproven stem cell interventions (SCIs) by commercial entities has proliferated in highly developed countries, most notably in the USA. Yet, there have been few criminal prosecutions and regulatory enforcement actions against providers who have violated laws and best practice standards due to the lack of resources and legal ambiguity. While the stem cell research community has invested much in protecting patients and preventing the growth of this industry, some patients are seeking remedies under civil law to hold stem cell clinics responsible for fraudulent practices...
2018: NPJ Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473213/ischemic-colitis-following-left-antegrade-sclerotherapy-for-idiopathic-varicocele
#16
REVIEW
Rafael Boscolo-Berto, Veronica Macchi, Andrea Porzionato, Aldo Morra, Roberto Vezzaro, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs, Raffaele De Caro
The Tauber procedure, i.e., antegrade sclerotherapy for varicocele, can lead to ischemic colitis. The pathogenesis can involve an atypical systemic-portal communication, which could represent an infrequently reported (rare) anatomical variant. The aim of this study is to review clinical cases from the literature to highlight the anatomical bases of such complications. A computer-aided and hand-checked review of the literature was used to identify relevant publications. Also, the computed tomography (CT) examination of a clinical case with medico-legal implications due to severe vascular complication following Tauber's procedure was reviewed...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460710/doctors-as-stewards-of-medicare-or-not-camsi-mrg-cdm-drhc-and-the-thin-alphabet-soup-of-physician-support
#17
Jacalyn Duffin
Physicians are deeply involved in Canadian medicare because it is through medicare that they are paid. However, from its origins to the present physicians -as a profession - have not been strong supporters of medicare. Fearing loss of income and individual autonomy, they have frequently opposed it with criticisms, strikes, threatened job action and lawsuits. Some opponents are unaware that medicare was a boon to physician income, and many fail to connect medicare with responsibility for improving the health status of the country...
February 20, 2018: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441736/the-legal-doctrine-on-the-liability-of-physicians-in-medical-malpractice-lawsuits-involving-complex-regional-pain-syndrome
#18
SuHwan Shin, Seung Gyeong Jang, KyeongTae Min, Won Lee, So Yoon Kim
BACKGROUND: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) involves severe pain and it is difficult to identify the exact cause or pathogenesis. Therefore, there are controversies regarding legal issues related to the establishment of damage in medical malpractice lawsuits involving CRPS. This study aimed to analyze malpractice lawsuits involving CRPS, which occurred after the disputed medical treatment, to provide information on the courts' opinion and characteristics of the cases. METHODS: This study analyzed 23 lawsuit judgments involving CRPS that were sentenced from 2005 to 2015...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431139/the-attitudes-towards-defensive-medicine-among-physicians-of-obstetrics-and-gynaecology-in-china-a-questionnaire-survey-in-a-national-congress
#19
Lan Zhu, Lei Li, Jinghe Lang
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to determine prevalence, patterns and risk factors of defensive medicine by obstetricians and gynaecologists across China. DESIGN: This is a questionnaire survey by written and on-line interview for participants. PARTICIPANTS: Among 1804 registered physicians participating at the 2017 Congress of Chinese Obstetricians and Gynecologists Association in Chengdu City, Sichuan Province, China, from 17 to 20 August 2017, 1486 participants (82...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420485/truck-tracks-wolf-lawsuit-and-a-fertility-first
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Nature
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