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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102280/india-s-first-gm-food-crop-held-up-by-lawsuit
#1
Sanjay Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078616/physician-power-to-declare-death-by-neurologic-criteria-threatened
#2
Ariane Lewis, Thaddeus Mason Pope
BACKGROUND: Three recent lawsuits that address declaration of brain death (BD) garnered significant media attention and threaten to limit physician power to declare BD. METHODS: We discuss these cases and their consequences including: the right to refuse an apnea test, accepted medical standards for declaration of BD, and the irreversibility of BD. RESULTS: These cases warrant discussion because they threaten to: limit physicians' power to determine death; incite families to seek injunctions to continue organ support after BD; and force hospitals to dispense valuable resources to dead patients in lieu of patients with reparable illnesses or injuries...
January 11, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072895/standing-up-for-scope
#3
Joey Berlin
The Texas Medical Association triumphed when a Travis County district court sided with medicine in a lawsuit against the Texas Board of Chiropractic Examiners over its granting chiropractors the authority to perform certain diagnostic tests.
January 1, 2017: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048648/tu-a-206-02-is-professional-liability-insurance-really-necessary
#4
A Orfali
: Professional liability insurance is an important tool to manage risks to a medical physicist's assets that can result from errors or omissions in the course of professional practice. AAPM has partnered with Mercer Consumer to offer coverage tailored to the professional activities and specific risks encountered in medical physics practice. This program has specific eligibility criteria, benefit options, exclusions, and enrollment options for both self-employed medical physicists and those who practice in an employment setting...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048081/tu-a-206-00-professional-liability-insurance-what-you-need-to-know
#5
David Jordan
: Professional liability insurance is an important tool to manage risks to a medical physicist's assets that can result from errors or omissions in the course of professional practice. AAPM has partnered with Mercer Consumer to offer coverage tailored to the professional activities and specific risks encountered in medical physics practice. This program has specific eligibility criteria, benefit options, exclusions, and enrollment options for both self-employed medical physicists and those who practice in an employment setting...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046593/tu-a-206-01-professional-liability-insurance-protecting-you-and-your-practice
#6
G Fuller
: Professional liability insurance is an important tool to manage risks to a medical physicist's assets that can result from errors or omissions in the course of professional practice. AAPM has partnered with Mercer Consumer to offer coverage tailored to the professional activities and specific risks encountered in medical physics practice. This program has specific eligibility criteria, benefit options, exclusions, and enrollment options for both self-employed medical physicists and those who practice in an employment setting...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041897/stroke-and-etonogestrel-ethinyl-estradiol-ring-nuvaring-clinical-radiological-and-prognostic-features
#7
Prad Selvan, Pirouz Piran, Clotilde Balucani, Brian Tark, Zachary Adler, Steven R Levine
BACKGROUND: A recent study found that NuvaRing (a vaginal contraceptive ring containing 15 µg ethinyl estradiol and 120 µg etonogestrel) has 2.5 times increased relative risk of thrombotic stroke compared to nonuse. OBJECTIVE: We studied a case series of 19 such patients as well as prior published case reports to clarify clinical, radiological, and prognostic features. METHODS: Medical records and imaging for 18 cases were initially systematically reviewed for consultation in a class action lawsuit...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017813/association-between-state-medical-malpractice-environment-and-postoperative-outcomes-in-the-united-states
#8
Christina A Minami, Catherine R Sheils, Emily Pavey, Jeanette W Chung, Jonah J Stulberg, David D Odell, Anthony D Yang, David J Bentrem, Karl Y Bilimoria
BACKGROUND: The U.S. medical malpractice system assumes that the threat of liability should deter negligence but it is unclear whether malpractice environment impacts healthcare quality. We thus sought to explore the association between state malpractice environment and post-operative complication rates. STUDY DESIGN: This observational study included Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries undergoing one of the following surgeries in 2010: colorectal, lung, esophageal, or pancreatic resection, total knee arthroplasty, craniotomy, gastric bypass, abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, coronary artery bypass grafting, or cystectomy...
December 22, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011159/the-impact-of-state-tort-reforms-on-imaging-utilization
#9
Suhui Li, Avi Dors, Darwyyn Deyo, Danny R Hughes
PURPOSE: Defensive medicine, broadly defined as medical practices that protect physicians from malpractice lawsuits without providing benefits to patients, can lead to wasteful use of health care resources and higher cost. Although physicians cite malpractice liability as an important factor driving their decisions to order imaging tests, little research has been done to examine the systematic impact of liability pressure on overall imaging. The authors examined the extent to which radiography use is influenced by malpractice liability pressure among office-based physicians...
December 20, 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009600/the-detection-analysis-and-significance-of-physician-clustering-in-medical-malpractice-lawsuit-payouts
#10
Robert E Oshel, Philip Levitt
OBJECTIVES: There is evidence that most adverse events result from individual errors and that most malpractice suits with payouts reflect both patient injury and error. HYPOTHESIS: There are outlier physicians with regard to the frequency and total amount of malpractice payouts. METHODS: Using the public use file of the National Practitioner Data Bank (NPDB), we sought the percentage of physicians who lay above several cutoff points with regard to total amounts of payments and number of payments...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009242/an-analysis-of-malpractice-litigation-related-to-the-management-of-brain-aneurysms
#11
Raghav Gupta, Christoph J Griessenauer, Justin M Moore, Nimer Adeeb, Apar S Patel, Christopher S Ogilvy, Ajith J Thomas
OBJECTIVE Given the highly complex and demanding clinical environment in which neurosurgeons operate, the probability of facing a medical malpractice claim is high. Recent emphasis on tort reform within the political sphere has brought this issue to the forefront of medical literature. Despite the widespread fear of litigation in the medical community, few studies have provided an analysis of malpractice litigation in the field. Here, the authors attempt to delineate the medicolegal factors that impel plaintiffs to file medical malpractice claims related to the management of brain aneurysms, and to better characterize the nature of these lawsuits...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002644/a-novel-phased-concept-course-for-the-delivery-of-anatomy-and-orthopedics-training-in-medical-education
#12
Stefan Klima, Pierre Hepp, Sabine Löffler, Jon Cornwall, Niels Hammer
Integration of anatomy and clinical teaching is a theoretical ideal, yet there is a worldwide paucity of such amalgamation. These teaching models provide support for medical trainees, an important element in Germany where orthopedic intern numbers have declined and anecdotal evidence suggests disinterest in orthopedics. The aim of the study was to develop an integrated anatomy-surgical course for undergraduate medical training, assess the model developed, and explore how medical students perceive orthopedics as a career...
December 21, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892912/rightful-discharge-making-termination-mean-it-is-really-over-part-1-issues-and-legislation
#13
Michael S Mitchell, Clifford M Koen, Amanda J Carmichael
One of the most difficult undertakings for any employer is carrying out a decision to terminate an employee. Of all the employment-related actions taken by employers, the act of termination creates the greatest risk of legal liability. Many claims of employment discrimination filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission arise from the act of termination. In many federal courts, employment-related lawsuits account for more than 50% of all court filings; these lawsuits cover a wide range of subjects, such as failure to hire, defamation, breach of contract, and harassment, to name a few...
January 2016: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890107/an-analysis-of-causative-factors-in-closed-criminal-medical-malpractice-cases-of-the-taiwan-supreme-court-2000-2014
#14
Kuan-Han Wu, Shih-Yu Cheng, Yung-Lin Yen, Chien-Hung Wu, Ming-Ta Tsai, Fu-Jen Cheng
Most medical malpractice in Taiwan leads to criminal prosecution. This study examined the epidemiologic factors and clinical errors that led to medical malpractice convictions in Taiwanese criminal prosecutions. A retrospective, 15-year population-based review of criminal Supreme Court judgments pertaining to medical malpractice against physicians and nurses was conducted. Eighty-four cases were reviewed, yielding data that included the number and specialty involved, accused hospitals, the diagnosis, the time interval between incidents to closure, result of adjudication, the origin of cases (private vs...
November 2016: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875473/committee-opinion-no-681-disclosure-and-discussion-of-adverse-events
#15
(no author information available yet)
Adverse outcomes, preventable or otherwise, are a reality of medical care. Most importantly, adverse events affect patients, but they also affect health care practitioners. Disclosing information about adverse events has benefits for the patient and the physician and, ideally, strengthens the patient-physician relationship and promotes trust. Studies show that after an adverse outcome, patients expect and want timely and full disclosure of the event, an acknowledgment of responsibility, an understanding of what happened, expressions of sympathy, and a discussion of what is being done to prevent recurrence...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875470/committee-opinion-no-681-summary-disclosure-and-discussion-of-adverse-events
#16
(no author information available yet)
Adverse outcomes, preventable or otherwise, are a reality of medical care. Most importantly, adverse events affect patients, but they also affect health care practitioners. Disclosing information about adverse events has benefits for the patient and the physician and, ideally, strengthens the patient-physician relationship and promotes trust. Studies show that after an adverse outcome, patients expect and want timely and full disclosure of the event, an acknowledgment of responsibility, an understanding of what happened, expressions of sympathy, and a discussion of what is being done to prevent recurrence...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842620/contested-evidence-a-dutch-reimbursement-decision-taken-to-court
#17
Floortje Moes, Eddy Houwaart, Diana Delnoij, Klasien Horstman
This paper examines a remarkable lawsuit in health care rationing. The Patients Association for Interstitial Cystitis sued the Dutch National Health Care Institute for alleged misconduct against Interstitial Cystitis patients, as the Institute decided that bladder instillations with chondroitin sulphate or hyaluronic acid are no longer covered by the basic health insurance. The patients' organisation challenged the Institute for basing its standpoint on scientific evidence; overruling clinical expertise and patients' experiences...
November 15, 2016: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822936/analysis-of-malpractice-claims-associated-with-surgical-site-infection-in-the-field-of-plastic-surgery
#18
Bo Young Park, Jung Woo Kwon, So Ra Kang, Seung Eun Hong
Postoperative infections are rare after plastic surgery; however, when present, they can affect the aesthetic outcome. Currently, many malpractice lawsuits are associated with surgical site infection. The present study aimed to analyze malpractice claims associated with surgical site infection in the field of plastic surgery through a review of Korean precedents. We analyzed the type of procedure, associated complications, and legal judgment in these cases. Most claimants were women, and claims were most often related to breast surgery...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820871/consent-refusal-and-waivers-in-patient-centered-dysphagia-care-using-law-ethics-and-evidence-to-guide-clinical-practice
#19
Jennifer Horner, Maria Modayil, Laura Roche Chapman, An Dinh
Purpose: When patients refuse medical or rehabilitation procedures, waivers of liability have been used to bar future lawsuits. The purpose of this tutorial is to review the myriad issues surrounding consent, refusal, and waivers. The larger goal is to invigorate clinical practice by providing clinicians with knowledge of ethics and law. This tutorial is for educational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. Method: The authors use a hypothetical case of a "noncompliant" individual under the care of an interdisciplinary neurorehabilitation team to illuminate the ethical and legal features of the patient-practitioner relationship; the elements of clinical decision-making capacity; the duty of disclosure and the right of informed consent or informed refusal; and the relationship among noncompliance, defensive practices, and iatrogenic harm...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813058/resolving-malpractice-claims-after-tort-reform-experience-in-a-self-insured-texas-public-academic-health-system
#20
William M Sage, Molly Colvard Harding, Eric J Thomas
OBJECTIVE: To describe the litigation experience in a state with strict tort reform of a large public university health system that has committed to transparency with patients and families in resolving medical errors. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Secondary data collected from The University of Texas System, which self-insures approximately 6,000 physicians at six health campuses across the state. We obtained internal case management data for all medical malpractice claims closed during 1 year before and 6 recent years following the enactment of state tort reform legislation...
December 2016: Health Services Research
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